On This Day

On This Day in History for November 2

Events in History

  • 676 Donus begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Pope Adeodatus II
  • 1327 King Alfonso IV of Aragon crowned
  • 1355 English invasion army under King Edward lands at Calais
  • 1418 Utrecht conquers Ijsselstein
  • 1642 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
  • 1648 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia
  • 1675 A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip's War
  • 1698 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony
  • 1712 Suriname government gives French hijacker Jacques Cassard, ƒ682,800
  • 1722 Willem KH Friso (11) appointed viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1749 English Ohio Trade Company forms first trading post
  • 1772 Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 General George Washington, later 1st US President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1813 Treaty of Fulda signed in Germany after Battle of Leipzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1824 Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Andrew Jackson beats John Quincy Adams

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • 1835 2nd Seminole War begins in Osceola, Florida
  • 1841 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1852 Franklin Pierce elected as President of US

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1854 Cobblestone paving of Washington St between Dupont and Kearny starts

MurderMurder of Interest

1859 American abolitionist John Brown found guilty of murder, inciting slaves to revolt, and treason against the Virginia Territory during his raid of Harpers Ferry Armory, and sentenced to hang

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • 1861 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Frémont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter
  • 1867 Women's fashion magazine "Harper's Bazaar" is 1st published
  • 1868 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • 1875 Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela in Angola, from Africa's east coast, 1st European to cross equatorial Africa

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1880 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • 1881 Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms
  • 1886 German patent granted to inventor Carl Benz for "vehicle with gas engine operation", the first automobile (No. DE37435C)
  • 1889 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States
  • 1892 French poet Paul Verlaine visits Netherlands
  • 1898 French government of Dupuy forms
  • 1898 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem

Historic InventionFirst Official Cheerleader

1898 Cheerleading begins in the United States as Johnny Campbell leads the crowd cheering on the football team at the University of Minnesota

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Johhny Campbell coordinates a team to lead the crowd on a football game cheering for University of Minnesota team
Johhny Campbell coordinates a team to lead the crowd on a football game cheering for University of Minnesota team
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  • 1899 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal
  • 1903 Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St NYC
  • 1903 New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1903 British newspaper "Daily Mirror" begins publishing
  • 1907 Ottawa Mint Proclamation is published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 US banker J. P. Morgan locks over 40 bankers in his library to force them to find ways to avert New York banking crisis

Industrialist and Banker J. P. Morgan
Industrialist and Banker
J. P. Morgan
  • 1914 Great Britain annexes Cyprus
  • 1914 V Herbert & H Blossoms "Only Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914 Great Britain declares the entire North Sea a military area: neutral ships will transit it at their own risk
  • 1915 First US election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Fort Vaux reconquered from Germans by French troops without firing a shot
  • 1917 In WWI the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat: James Gresham, Thomas Enright and Merle Hay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1920 Warren G. Harding is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate James M. Cox

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1920 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins broadcasting, with presidential and local election returns

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1921 Eugene O'Neill's play "Anna Christie" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1922 Allies deliberate over German mark
  • 1923 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down

German Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
German Chancellor
Gustav Stresemann
  • 1924 Sunday Express publishes first British crossword puzzle

CrownRoyal Coronation

1930 Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, 225th Emperor of Ethiopian Solmonic Dynasty

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1932 The "Great Emu War" begins: Australian soldiers armed with Lewis Guns sought to cull the Emu population over crop destruction in Campion district, Western Australia
  • 1942 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • 1943 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
  • 1944 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Howard Hughes flies "Spruce Goose", a huge wooden airplane for the first and last time

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman is re-elected in an upset victory over Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • 1949 The Netherlands recognizes its former colony Indonesia as a sovereign state
  • 1949 NL scheme for national distribution of textiles, meat and cheese disbands
  • 1950 The Clover Dairy Company test-market the first concentrated milk (Sealtest) in the U.S. in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1953 Pakistan becomes islamic republic
  • 1954 Charles Diggs Jr is elected Michigan's 1st black congressman to the House of Representatives
  • 1954 Strom Thurmond is the 1st senator elected by write-in vote (South Carolina)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1956 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
  • 1957 1st titanium mill opened, Toronto, Ohio
  • 1957 The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history
  • 1959 Charles Van Doren confesses that TV quiz show "Twenty-One" was fixed
  • 1959 The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1960 Penguin Books cleared of obscenity for publishing DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover"

  • 1961 Max Frisch's "Andorra" premieres in Zurich

BattleCoup d'état

1963 Ngô Đình Diệm, the President of South Vietnam, is overthrown and assassinated in a coup by the South Vietnamese Army

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia

  • 1965 Craig Breedlove driving FIA-legal four-wheeler, Sonic I, breaks land speed record with a two-run average of 555.483 mph (893.963 km/h) at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • 1966 The Cuban Adjustment Act comes into force, allowing 123,000 Cubans opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the US
  • 1968 A banned march in Derry, North Ireland, by members of the Derry Citizen's Action Committee (DCAC) is joined by thousands; due to the number of people taking part, the Royal Ulster Constabulary is unable to prevent it
  • 1972 Construction begins on Kingdome, Seattle
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 Government of the Republic of Ireland introduce a bill to remove the special position of the Catholic Church from the Irish Constitution
  • 1973 OLADE (Latin American Energy Organization) forms
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1974 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1976 Democrat candidate Jimmy Carter is elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford; Walter Mondale elected vice president

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
42nd Vice President of the United States Walter Mondale
42nd Vice President of the United States
Walter Mondale
  • 1977 Microbiologist Carl R. Woese and scientists from the University of Illinois announce the identification of methanogens, a form of microbial life (Archaea) dating back some 3.5 billion years
  • 1978 Crew of Soyuz 29 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 31
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Arnold Shapiro's TV documentary "Scared Straight", narrated by Peter Falk as a controversial and questionable deterrent to juvenile delinquency, debuts on Los Angeles' KTLA-TV
  • 1979 Studio 54's owners are arrested for tax evasion
  • 1982 Fire in Salung tunnel, Afghanistan, 1,000+ Russians die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 US President Ronald Reagan signs bill establishing Dr Martin Luther King Jr. holiday

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1983 Abp Hickey conducts papal investigation of Abp Hunthausen, Seattle
  • 1984 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1984 Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962
  • 1987 Entertainer Lola Falona is diagnosed with multiple schlerosis

Birthdays in History

  • 1470 Edward V, King of England (Apr–Jun 1483), born in Westminster, Middlesex, England
  • 1475 Princess Anne of York, 5th daughter of King Edward IV, born in Palace of Westminster, London (d. 1511)
  • 1528 Peter Lotichius Secundus [Peter Lotz], Neo latin poet (Collected Works), born in Schlüchtern, Hesse, Germany (d. 1560)
  • 1549 Anna of Austria, fourth wife of Philip II of Spain, born in Cigales, Spain (d. 1580)
  • 1636 Edward Colston, English merchant, philanthropist and slave trader, born in Bristol, England (d. 1721)
  • 1667 James Louis Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland, born in Paris (d. 1737)
  • 1696 Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania's ambassador to the Native Americans, born in Herrenberg, Germany (d. 1760)
  • 1699 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1779)
  • 1709 Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, eldest daughter of King George II of Great Britain, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover (d. 1759)

Person of interestDaniel Boone

1734 Daniel Boone, American frontiersman and explorer (US Hall of Fame 1915), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1820)

Frontiersman and Explorer Daniel Boone
Frontiersman and Explorer
Daniel Boone
  • 1741 Joan Derk, Baron van der Capellen tot den Pol, Leader of democratic Patriots, born in Tiel, Netherlands (d. 1784)

Person of interestMarie Antoinette

1755 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who allegedly uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1793)

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1766 Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Czech field marshal, born in Sedlčany, Czech Republic (d. 1858)
  • 1777 Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom, 5th daughter of King George III, born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1848)

Person of interestJames Knox Polk

1795 James Knox Polk, 11th US President (Democrat: 1845-49), born in Pineville, North Carolina (d. 1849)

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • 1808 Jules-Amédée Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer and critic, born in Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, France (d. 1889)
  • 1810 Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, American Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1883)
  • 1812 Abraham I van Lier, theater director (Gran Theatre-van Lier)
  • 1815 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), born in Lincoln, England (d. 1864)
  • 1821 Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor and 5th Governor of New Zealand (1868-73), born in Taughboyne, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1899)
  • 1822 James Byron Gordon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Wilkesboro, North Carolina (d. 1864)
  • 1826 Robert Hopkins Hatton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1862)
  • 1826 William Haines Lytle, US politician, poet and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1863)
  • 1828 Byron Grimes, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Pitt County, North Carolina (d. 1880)
  • 1833 Mahendralal Sarkar, Indian homeopath doctor and founder of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, born in Paikpara village, Howrah, India (d. 1904)
  • 1837 Émile Bayard, French artist and illustrator, born in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, Seine-et-Marne, France (d. (1891)
  • 1844 Mehmed V, 35th Ottoman Sultan (1909-18), born in Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1847 Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of Sorelianism, born in Cherbourg, France (d. 1922)
  • 1857 Joseph Babinski, Polish-French neurologist (Babinski reflex), born in Paris (d. 1932)

Person of interestWarren G. Harding

1865 Warren G. Harding, 29th US President (1921-23), born in Blooming Grove, Ohio (d. 1923)

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding

Person of interestAga Khan III

1877 Aga Khan III, Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1957)

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 1877 Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul, born in Mdina, Malta (d. 1933)
  • 1882 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, born in Prague (d. 1957)
  • 1883 Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, French cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1947)
  • 1885 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), born in Nashville, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • 1886 Dhirendranath Datta, Bangladeshi politician, born in Ramrail, Tipperah, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1971)
  • 1886 Gheorge Tatarescu, Romanian politician (Prime Minister, 1933-37 and 1939-40; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1945-48), born in Târgu Jiu, Romania (d. 1957)
  • 1890 Henry Borginon, Flemish nationalist/senator
  • 1890 Moa Martinson, Swedish writer (My Mother Gets Married), born in Vårdnäs, Linköping (d. 1964)
  • 1893 Battista Farina, Italian automobile designer and founder of Pininfarina company, born in Cortanze, Italy (d. 1966)
  • 1894 Alexander Lippisch, German scientist and pioneer of aerodynamics, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1897 Jacob Bjerknes, Norwegian-American meteorologist (USAF in London), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Edgar du Perron, Dutch author and poet (Land of Origin), born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 1940)
  • 1902 Gyula Illyés, Hungarian author and poet (Az Ismertlen Illyes), born in Felsőrácegres, Pálfa, Hungary (d. 1983)
  • 1902 Marius Holtrop, Dutch economist and President of Netherlands Bank, born in Amsterdam (d. 1988)
  • 1905 Frederic Lipmann, French watchmaker, born in Besancon, France (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Luchino Visconti, Italian director (The Leopard, Death in Venice), born in Milan (d. 1976)
  • 1906 Daniil Andreev, Russian writer, poet and Christian mystic, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1959)
  • 1906 Bengt Edlén, Swedish Astrophysicist who specialized in spectroscopy and discovered the source of unidentified emission lines in solar spectrum, born in Gusum, Sweden (d. 2003)
  • 1910 Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician and leader of Egypt's Wafd Party (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Odysseas Elytis, Greek poet (Nobel Prize 1979), born in Heraklion, Greece (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Raphael M. Robinson, American mathematician, born in National City, California (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Ivor Roberts-Jones, British sculptor (known for sculpted heads of Yehudi Menuhin and George Thomas), born in Oswestry, England (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Jorge de Sena, Portuguese novelist and poet (Reino da Estupidez), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1978)
  • 1920 Bill Mazer, American sports broadcaster (New York institution in sports reporting; sports trivia expert), born in Iziaslav, Ukraine (d. 2013)
  • 1921 William Donald Schaefer, American politician (Gov-D-Md), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2011)
  • 1922 John Pinsent, English classical scholar (Greek mythology) (d. 1995)
  • 1927 John Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Preston Candover, English businessman and billionaire
  • 1927 Steve Ditko, American comic artist (The Amazing Spider-Man, Doctor Strange), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Geoffrey Pardoe, British engineer (Project Manager for the Blue Streak ballistic missile programme) (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Paul Johnson, English journalist, author and historian, born in Manchester, England
  • 1929 Amar Bose, American entrepreneur and academic (M.I.T., Bose Corporation), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2013)
  • 1930 Denis Gerald Barrington, artist
  • 1932 Henri Namphy, President of Haiti (1986-88), born in Cap-Haïtien, Haiti
  • 1932 Romano Mazzoli, American politician (Rep-D-KY, 1971-95), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1932 Melvin Schwartz, American Physicist and Nobel Laureate (neutrinos - subatomic particles with no electric charge and virtually no mass), born in NYC, New York
  • 1934 Bill Gothard, American Christian minister, speaker and Founder of the Institute in Basic Life Principles (IBLP), born in Illinois
  • 1936 Rose Elizabeth Bird, California Supreme Court Justice (1977-87), born in Tucson, Arizona (d. 1999)
  • 1938 Patrick Buchanan, American conservative political commentator and politician, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1938 Ria Beckers, Dutch politician and leader of the progressive Christian party PPR, born in Driebergen, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • 1938 Queen Sofía [Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark], Queen consort of King Juan Carlos I of Spain, born in Athens, Greece
  • 1939 Howard Wolpe, American politician (Rep-D-MI, 1979-93), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1939 Pauline Neville-Jones, English diplomat, born in Birmingham
  • 1942 Shere Hite [Shirley Diana Gregory], American-German sex therapist (Hite Report), born in St Joseph, Missouri (d. 2020)
  • 1943 Oldrich Pelcak, Czech cosmonaut, born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia
  • 1944 Jeffrey Alan Hoffman, American NASA astronaut (STS 51-D, 35, 46, 61, 75) and MIT professor, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1949 Simon Augustini, Albanian politician (Vice Chairman of the Albanian Christian Democratic Party of Kosovo (PSHDK)), born in Sojeva, Uroševac, Yugoslavia
  • 1951 Thomas Mallon, American novelist and critic (Henry and Clara), born in Glen Cove, New York

Person of interestLarry Fink

1952 Larry Fink [Laurence Douglas Fink], American chairman and CEO of BlackRock, born in Los Angeles, California

Chairman and CEO of BlackRock Larry Fink
Chairman and CEO of BlackRock
Larry Fink
  • 1960 Tihomir Blaškić, Croatian war criminal, born in Kiseljak, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1962 David Brock, American political commentator (Media Matters for America), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1962 Simon Hill, English-Australian football commentator, born in Manchester
  • 1963 Brian Kemp, American politician, Governor of Georgia (2019-), born in Athens, Georgia
  • 1964 Michael D'Asaro II, American fencer-sabre, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1964 Britta Lejon, Swedish Social Democratic politician, born in Järfälla Municipality, Sweden
  • 1967 Scott Walker, US politician (Governor of Wisconsin 2011-), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1973 Lee O’Denat, American internet entrepreneur (WorldStarHipHop.com), born in Queens, New York (d. 2017)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1896 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (19) weds first cousin Shahzadi Begum in Pune, India

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 2005 Irish TV and radio presenter Sile Seoige (26) weds Glen Mulcahy at St. Brendan's Church in County Offaly
  • 2013 'N Sync founding member Chris Kirkpatrick (42) weds his girlfriend Karly Skladany in Orlando, Florida
  • 2013 "Smash" actress Megan Hilty (32) weds Brian Gallagher at a chapel in Las Vegas, Nevada

Deaths in History

  • 943 Queen Emma of France, (b. 894)
  • 1083 Matilda of Flanders, Queen consort (b. 1031)
  • 1171 Baudouin IV, count of Henegouwen (1120-71), dies
  • 1171 Dionysius [Jacob] Bar-Salibi, Syriac Orthodox Church author (Diarbekir), dies
  • 1285 King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)
  • 1327 King James II of Aragon (b. 1267)
  • 1483 Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, beheaded at 49
  • 1588 Wilhelmus Damasi, theologist/1st bishop of Roermond, dies at 63
  • 1610 Richard Bancroft, archbishop of Canterbury (1604-10), dies at 66
  • 1618 Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria (1612-18), dies at 60
  • 1697 Constantine Huygens Jr., Dutch Poet, painter and cartoonist, dies at 69 (burial date)
  • 1716 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler, dies at 65
  • 1752 Johann Albrecht Bengel, German theologian and scholar, dies at 65
  • 1773 John Glas, Scottish Presbyterian clergyman (started Glasite church movement), dies at 78
  • 1781 Jose F de Isla, Spanish Jesuit/author, dies at 78
  • 1804 Armand-Gaston Camus, French revolutionist and Chairman of the Council of 500, dies at 64
  • 1807 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (b. 1730)
  • 1852 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky, Russian general, dies at 70
  • 1863 Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)
  • 1874 Thomas Anderson, Scottish chemist (discovered pyridine), dies at 55
  • 1875 James W. W. Birch, 1st British resident in Perak, Malaysia is speared to death while in the bath-house of his boat, SS Dragon at 49
  • 1877 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal, dies at 93
  • 1898 George Goyder, English surveyor-general of South Australia, dies at 72
  • 1905 Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist and histologist (one of the first to interpret tissue structure in terms of cellular elements), dies at 88
  • 1909 Wilhelm Ahlwardt, German orientalist, dies at 81
  • 1920 Andre Dumont, Belgian mine engineer (Limburgs coal basin), dies at 73
  • 1925 Antonius J Derkinderen, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 65
  • 1930 Oliver Perry Hay, American paleontologist, dies at 84
  • 1931 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), dies of cancer at 47
  • 1936 Martin Lowry, English chemist (Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory), dies at 62
  • 1941 Simon Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist, dies at 73
  • 1944 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1945 Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • 1949 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (rep-NY 1918-21), dies at 77

Person of interestGeorge Bernard Shaw

1950 George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist (Pygmalion, Nobel Prize for Literature 1925), dies at 94

  • 1956 Leo Baeck, President of World Union for Progressive Judaism, dies at 83

MurderNgô Đình Diệm

1963 Ngô Đình Diệm, President and authoritarian leader of South Vietnam (1954-63), assassinated in a coup at 62

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • 1966 Sadao Araki, Japanese general, Minister of War (1931-34), dies at 89
  • 1966 Peter Debye, Dutch-American Physical Chemist (Nobel 1936), dies at 82
  • 1969 Marion Lloyd Vince, fencer (National champ 1928, 31), dies at 63
  • 1970 Richard Cushing, US cardinal to Boston, dies at 75
  • 1977 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, dies at 76
  • 1979 Jacques Mesrine, French "enemy of the state", shot to death
Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton
  • 1981 Kenneth Oakley, English Anthropologist, Palaeontologist, and Geologist whose method for the relative dating of fossils using fluorine content was instrumental in exposing the Piltdown Man hoax, dies at 70
  • 1982 Lester Roloff, Man of God, preacher.
  • 1984 Margie V Barfield, US murderer, 1st woman electrocuted in 22 years
  • 1989 Hermann Bengtson, German historian (Greeks Ancient Times), dies at 80
  • 1991 Irwin Allen, American director (Land of the Giants, Poseidon Adventure), dies at 75
  • 1993 P A Jacob Mees, Dutch banker (Mees & Hope), dies at about 86
  • 1994 David Feinberg, American AIDS activist and author, dies at 37
  • 1995 Alvaro Gomez Hurtado, Columbian politician (helped write Colombian Constitution), assassinated at 76
  • 1995 Florence Greenberg, record company founder, dies at 82
  • 1995 Ivan Metropolitan Ioann Snychev, Russian Orthodox Priest, dies at 68
  • 1995 Oliver Wendell Harrington, cartoonist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Christ Prater, English screenprinter, dies at 72
  • 1997 G. Harry Stine, American science fiction writer, dies at 69
  • 2000 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, dies at 76
  • 2002 Charles Sheffield, American author and physicist (b. 1935)
  • 2003 Frank McCloskey, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana (1983-95), dies at 64

Person of interestZayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

2004 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, 1st President of the United Arab Emirates, dies at 85

President of the United Arab Emirates Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
  • 2007 Charmaine Dragun, Australian journalist (b. 1978)
  • 2007 Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (b. 1906)
  • 2018 Kitty O'Neil, American stuntwoman (The Bionic Woman) and racer (female land speed record), dies at 72