On This Day

On This Day in History for November 22

Events in History

  • 498 St Symmachus begins his reign as Pope replacing Anastasius II
  • 845 First King of all Brittany, Nominoe defeats Frankish King Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon, near Redon
  • 1220 Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Rome by Pope Honorius III
  • 1346 Street fights in Utrecht, Hollandsgezinde Gunterlingen statements

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Pinta under Martín Alonso Pinzón separates from Christopher Columbus's fleet

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds Cape of Good Hope on way to first voyage from Europe to reach India

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
  • 1542 Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • 1573 The Brazilian city of Niterói is founded
  • 1574 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1675 English king Charles II adjourns Parliament

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1683 Purcell's "Welcome to All the Pleasures" premieres in London
  • 1699 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark, Russia, Saksen and Poland divide Sweden
  • 1707 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Friesland
  • 1714 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden
  • 1794 Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision and wearing of beards
  • 1809 Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1830 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
  • 1842 Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
  • 1861 Battle of Fort McRee, Florida
  • 1864 American Civil War Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1864 Union General O Howard orders plunderers be shot to death
  • 1872 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • 1884 T Thomas Fortune starts NY Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • 1886 Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1899 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are engaged

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1905 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • 1914 Ypres, Belgium, burned by German bombing
  • 1914 Indian troops take Basra in Mesopotamia
  • 1918 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • 1918 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • 1918 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • 1919 15,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam
  • 1919 Labor conference committee in US urges 8-hour work day and 48-hour week

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1922 British Labour party elects Ramsay MacDonald as leader

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1922 Library Ave in Bronx named
  • 1922 Wilhelm Cuno forms new German government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1924 Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan
  • 1926 Imperial Conference ends, giving autonomy inside British Commonwealth
  • 1927 1st snowmobile patent granted to Carl Eliason (Sayner, Wisconsin)
  • 1927 Neil Simon Theater (Alvin) opens at 250 W 52nd St NYC
  • 1927 Belgian government of Henri Jaspar falls but is reformed the same day
  • 1930 1st Irish Sweepstake run
  • 1930 1st US football game broadcast to England (Harvard 13, Yale 0)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • 1931 1st performance of Ferde Grofé's "Grand Canyon Suite" given by Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra at Studebaker Theater, Chicago
  • 1932 Pump patented that computes quantity and price delivered
  • 1934 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show
  • 1935 Flying boat "China Clipper" takes off from Alameda, California, carrying 100,000 pieces of mail on 1st trans-Pacific airmail flight

BattleHistoric Siege

1939 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Bugsy Siegel
  • 1940 500 students in Delft demonstrate against Nazis
  • 1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis
  • 1941 NZ troops conquer Ft Capuzzo Libya
  • 1942 General-major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Adolf Hitler orders Rommel's Africa Korps to fight to the last man

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR, Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1943 France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprisoned Lebanese government
  • 1943 RAF begins air bombing of Berlin
  • 1943 US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island
  • 1944 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
  • 1950 79 die in a train crash in Richmond Hills, NY
  • 1952 As' Harry Byrd selected AL Rookie of Year
  • 1954 Humane Society (US) forms in Washington, D.C.
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1957 Simon & Garfunkel appear on "American Bandstand" as "Tom & Jerry"
  • 1960 French National Meeting decide to build own nuclear weapons
  • 1962 7th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Perth, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as the 36th US President after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

AssassinationAssassination of John F. Kennedy

1963 US President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in an open-topped motorcade in Dallas, Texas

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Kennedy in his motorcade in Dallas, Texas, moments before he was assassinated
Kennedy in his motorcade in Dallas, Texas, moments before he was assassinated
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  • 1967 Silver hits record $2.17 an ounce in New York
  • 1967 UN Security council passes resolution 242; Israel must give back occupied land
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Terence O'Neill, then Northern Ireland Prime Minister, announced a package of reform measures granting concessions to the Catholic minority, in response to protest movement

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • 1969 Isolation of a single gene announced by scientists at Harvard University
  • 1971 A member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Lurgan, County Armagh
  • 1972 Belgium government of Eyskens resigns
  • 1972 US ends 22 year travel ban to China
  • 1973 Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo disbands
  • 1974 Lake Buena Vista Club opens
  • 1974 UN General Assembly recognizes Palestine right to sovereignty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Juan Carlos I proclaimed King of Spain as monarchy restored after 31 years

King of Spain Juan Carlos I
King of Spain
Juan Carlos I
  • 1975 Drummuckavall Ambush: 3 British Army soldiers are killed and one captured when the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a watchtower in South Armagh, North Ireland
  • 1976 Algeria Constitution goes into effect
  • 1976 Comic strip "Cathy" by Cathy Guisewite debuts
  • 1977 Regular Concorde passenger service between NY and Europe begins
  • 1980 Georgia tanker at Pilottown Louisiana, spills 1.3 million gallons of oil after an anchor chain causes a ship to leak
  • 1981 Browns' QB Brian Sipe sets club record by being intercepted 6 times
  • 1981 SD Charger Dan Fouts passes for 6 touchdowns vs Oakland (55-21)
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB, Texas
  • 1985 Columbia moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 61-C
  • 1985 Largest swearing-in ceremony, 38,648 immigrants become US citizens
  • 1985 PNP/MAN win Antilian parliamentary election
  • 1987 Patriots shutout Indianapolis 24-0
  • 1989 Conjunction of Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn, and the Moon

Birthdays in History

  • 1428 Richard Neville [16th Earl of Warwick], English nobleman and military commander known as Warwick the Kingmaker (d. 1471)
  • 1515 Marie Guise, Queen consort of Scotland upon her marriage to King James V of Scotland in 1538, born in Bar-le-Duc, Duchy of Bar (d. 1560)
  • 1535 John, the Old, earl of Nassau/tribal father Neth royal family
  • 1564 Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator against the rule of James I of England, born in Cobham Hall, Kent (d. 1619)
  • 1602 Elisabeth of France, Queen consort of Philip IV of Spain (1621-44), born in Palace of Fontainebleau, France (d. 1644)
  • 1606 Pieter de Jode II, Flemish engraver and publisher, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1674)
  • 1635 Francis Willughby, English ornithologist and ichthyologist, born in Middleton Hall, Warwickshire, England (d. 1672)
  • 1643 René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, French explorer (Louisiana), born in Rouen, France (d. 1687)
  • 1698 Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor of New France, born in Quebec, New France (d. 1778)
  • 1721 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-Canadian cartographer and statesman, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1824)

Person of interestAbigail Adams

1744 Abigail Adams, 2nd US First Lady (1797-1801) (11/11 O.S.), born in Weymouth Massachusetts (d. 1818)

2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • 1753 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1828)
  • 1764 Barbara Juliane, baroness von Krüdener, Baltic German religious mystic, author, and Pietist Lutheran theologian, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1824)
  • 1767 Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean innkeeper, drover and leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition, born in Sankt Leonhard, South Tirol, Austrian Empire (d. 1810)
  • 1771 Paulus Roelof Cantz'laar, Dutch naval officer and colonial governor, born in Amsterdam (d. 1831)
  • 1780 José Cecilio del Valle, Honduran philosopher and politician, born in Choluteca, Honduras (d. 1834)
  • 1787 Rasmus Rask, Danish linguist and philologist (Investigation of the Origin of the Old Norse or Icelandic Language), born in Braendekilde, Denmark (d. 1832)
  • 1805 Benjamin Huger, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1877)
  • 1808 Thomas Cook, British founder and CEO of Thomas Cook & Son travel agency (Cook Travel Bureau), born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1892)
  • 1809 Benedict Augustin Morel, Austrian-French psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1873)
  • 1814 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician and lawyer (3rd Attorney General of California), born in Watertown, Jefferson County, New York (d. 1893)
  • 1818 Samuel Gibbs French, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Mullica Hill, New Jersey (d. 1910)

Person of interestGeorge Eliot

1819 George Eliot [Mary Anne Evans], English author (Middlemarch, Silas Marner), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 1880)

Writer George Eliot
George Eliot
  • 1823 Nathan Kimball, American physician, politician, postmaster, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Fredericksburg, Indiana (d. 1898)
  • 1832 George Henry Chapman, American newspaper editor, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Holland, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1835 Frank Crawford Armstrong, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Choctaw Agency, Indian Territory (d. 1909)
  • 1842 José Maria de Heredia, Cuban-French sonnet poet (Les Trophées), born in La Fortuna, Cuba (d. 1905)
  • 1849 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German general and military historian (Germany & the Next War), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1930)
  • 1849 Fritz Mauthner, Austro-Hungarian novelist & critic, born in Hořice, Czech Republic (d. 1923)
  • 1849 Christian Rohlfs, German painter and artist, born in Groß Niendorf, Kreis Segeberg, Prussia (d. 1938)
  • 1852 Paul Henri Balluet d'Estournelles de Constant, French diplomat and pacifist (Nobel 1909), born in La Flèche, France (d. 1924)
  • 1856 Heber J. Grant, 7th President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1945)
  • 1857 George Gissing, British novelist (New Grub Street, Charles Dickens: A Critical Study), born in Wakefield, England (d. 1903)
  • 1868 John Nance Garner, American Democratic politician & lawyer (32nd Vice President of the U.S.), born in Red River County, Texas (d. 1967)

Person of interestAndré Gide

1869 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), born in Paris (d. 1951)

Writer André Gide
André Gide
  • 1873 Leopold CMS Amery, British minister of Colonies (India), born in Gorakhpur, British India (d. 1955)
  • 1873 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Italian linguist, born in Labin, Croatia (d. 1946)
  • 1874 Herman Harrell Horne, American philosopher (idealism), born in Clayton, North Carolina (d. 1946)
  • 1875 Georges Rency, Belgian poet and literature, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1951)
  • 1877 Endre Ady, Hungarian lyric poet (Még egyzer, Uj versek), born in Ermindszent, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1877 Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona, born in Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1930)
  • 1879 Ralph Hawtrey, British economist (multiplier, quantity theory of money), born in Slough, England (d. 1975)

Person of interestEnver Pasha

1881 Enver Pasha, Turkish general and politician, born in Constantinople (d. 1922)

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha
  • 1882 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), born in Paris, France (d. 1971)
  • 1884 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad, born in British India (d. 1953)
  • 1888 Tarzan of the Apes date of birth, according to author Edgar Rice Burroughs
  • 1890 Jean-Jacques Gailliard, Belgian painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1976)

Person of interestCharles de Gaulle

1890 Charles de Gaulle, President of France (1958-69), born in Lille, France (d. 1970)

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1891 Edward Bernays, Austrian-American pioneer in the field of public relations and propaganda, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1891 Erik Lindahl, Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1960)
  • 1893 Lazar Kaganovich, Soviet politician and one of the main associates of Joseph Stalin, born in Kabany, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1893 Harley Earl, American automobile designer (1st head of design at General Motors), born in Hollywood, California (d. 1969)
  • 1897 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer, born in Chemnitz, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1989)

Person of interestWiley Post

1898 Wiley Post, American aviator (1st solo flight around the world), born in Corinth, Van Zandt County, Texas (d. 1935)

Aviator Wiley Post
Wiley Post
  • 1900 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and writer (The White Lanes of Summer), born in Capel Bangor, Dyfed, Wales (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Humphrey Gibbs, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (1959-69), born in London (d. 1990)
  • 1903 Herbert Sally Frankel, South African born economist (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Theodore Besterman, British bibliographer and psychical researcher, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1976)
  • 1905 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)
  • 1907 Dora Maar, French painter and photographer, lover of Picasso, born in Tours France (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Michael Balfour, English historian, born in Oxford (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Theodorus H J Zwartkruis, Bishop of Haarlem Netherlands (1966-83)
  • 1909 Mikhail Mil, Russian aviation designer (d. 1970)
  • 1909 Moses Josiah Madiba, South African author and first African chancellor of the University of the North, born in Seshego, Pietersburg District (d. 1985)
  • 1912 Doris Duke, multi-millionaire (American Tobacco heiress), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Cecilia Muñoz-Palma, first female Philippine Supreme Court Justice (d. 2006)
  • 1914 Peter Woolridge Townsend, war hero courtier writer
  • 1917 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter, born in Paris, France
  • 1918 Claiborne Pell, (Sen-D-RI, 1961- )
  • 1919 Wilfred Norman Aldridge, biochemist/toxicologist
  • 1928 Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (d. 2008)
  • 1929 Aleksandar Popović, Serbian dramatist (d. 1996)
  • 1930 John P. Schiffer, American nuclear physicist, born in Budapest
  • 1930 Owen Kay Garriott, American electrical engineer and NASA astronaut (Skylab 3; STS-9), born in Enid, Oklahoma (d. 2019)
  • 1932 Keith Wickenden, British politician (d. 1983)
  • 1937 Zenon Jankowski, Poland cosmonaut (Soyuz 30 backup)
  • 1938 Henry C. Lee, Chinese-born American criminologist
  • 1939 Tom West, American astrophysicist
  • 1939 Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician (Samajwadi Party), born in Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
  • 1942 Guion Bluford, Col USAF, NASA astronaut (STS 8, 61A, 39, 53) 1st African American in space, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1943 George W [Buddy] Darden, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- )
  • 1944 Robert Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph)
  • 1946 Hans Kombrink, sociologist/Dutch undersecretary of Finance (PvdA)
  • 1947 Alfredo Cristiani, president of El Salvador (1989-94)
  • 1947 Valerie Wilson Wesley, American author
  • 1949 Richard Carmona, 17th Surgeon General of the United States (2002-06), born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Billy M. Sprague, American rocket scientist
  • 1954 Paolo Gentiloni, Italian politician, Prime Minister (2016-2018), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1961 Randal L. Schwartz, American computer programmer
  • 1961 John Schnatter, American businessman (founder of Papa John's Pizza), born in Jeffersonville, Indiana [or November 23]
  • 1962 Cleo Fields, American politician (Rep-D-Louisiana 1993-97), born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1962 Victor Pelevin, Russian writer (Generation P), born in Moscow, Soviet Union
  • 1968 Rasmus Lerdorf, Greenlandic computer programmer
  • 1969 Katrin Krabbe, Neubrandenburg German DR, 100m/200m (World Champ 1991)
  • 1969 Marjane Satrapi, Iranian graphic novelist
  • 1970 Stel Pavlou, British novelist
  • 1980 Shawn Fanning, American Internet entrepreneur (Napster)
  • 1982 Alasdair Duncan, Australian novelist
  • 1988 Suresh Guptara and Jyoti Guptara, British-Indian novelists

Person of interestBaby Ariel

2000 Baby Ariel [Ariel Rebecca Martin], American social media personality, born in Pembroke Pines, Florida

Social Media Personality Baby Ariel
Social Media Personality
Baby Ariel

Deaths in History

  • 365 Felix II, Italian anti-pope, dies after failing to regain position as Pope from Liberius
  • 950 Lotharius, King of Italy (947-50), dies
  • 1247 Robin Hood, dies (from "A Lytell Geste of Robyn Hood")
  • 1286 Eric V of Denmark, Danish King (b. 1249)
  • 1318 Mikhail Yaroslavich, Russian prince (b. 1271)
  • 1594 Martin Frobisher, English privateer, explorer (Canada) and later vice-admiral who helped defeat the Spanish Armada, dies aged between 55 and 59
  • 1617 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17), dies at 27
  • 1694 John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1630)
  • 1697 Libéral Bruant, French architect (b. 1635)

Person of interestBlackbeard

1718 Blackbeard, notorious English pirate, dies in battle at 38

Pirate Blackbeard
  • 1758 Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, British politician (b. 1680)
  • 1773 Robert Clive, English explorer and founder (British Empire in India), dies at 49
  • 1781 Jan Ekels the Elder, Amsterdam painter and cartoonist, dies at 57
  • 1782 John Barueth, vicar/pamphleter, dies
  • 1782 John de Mol, porcelein manufacturer, dies
  • 1783 John Hanson, American Continental Congressman and 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, dies at 68
  • 1794 John Alsop, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1799 Baroness van Dorth, orangist, executed
  • 1803 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar and poet, dies at 57
  • 1825 Ann Bailey, pioneer, dies
  • 1871 Oscar J Dunn, (Lt Gov-La), dies suddenly, charges he was poisoned
  • 1875 Henry Wilson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1812)
  • 1886 William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • 1893 James Calder, 5th President of the Pennsylvania State University (b. 1826)
  • 1896 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., American engineer and inventor (Ferris Wheel), dies of typhoid fever at 37
  • 1901 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), dies at 61
  • 1902 Friedrich A Krupp, cannon manufacturer, commits suicide
  • 1904 Theophile E A de Bock, painter/etcher, dies
  • 1906 Ernst Josephson, Swedish painter, dies at 55
  • 1907 Asaph Hall, American astronomer who discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos & Deimos), dies at 78
  • 1916 Jack London, American activist and author (Call of the Wild), dies at 40
  • 1917 Teoberto Maler, German-born explorer (b. 1842)
  • 1919 Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer, dies at 67
  • 1920 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (b. 1884)
  • 1924 Herman Heijermans, Dutch writer (On Hope, Heap of Blessing), dies at 59
  • 1932 William Walker Atkinson, American author (b. 1862)
  • 1936 Louis Apol, Dutch painter, etcher and literary, dies at 86
  • 1940 Wacław Rawicz [Berent], Polish biologist and writer, dies at 67
  • 1941 Werner Mölders, German ace fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1944 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), dies at 61
  • 1944 George Clausen, English painter, dies at 92
  • 1946 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), dies at 57
  • 1953 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad, dies at 69
  • 1954 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, dies at 70
  • 1956 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney, dies at 77

Person of interestAldous Huxley

1963 Aldous Huxley, English author (Brave New World), dies at 69

  • 1963 Bikram Singh, Indies Lt-General (Kashmir), dies

Person of interestC. S. Lewis

1963 C. S. Lewis [Clive Staples], Irish author (Silver Chair), dies at 64

Author and Theologian C. S. Lewis
Author and Theologian
C. S. Lewis
  • 1963 Daulet Singh, Indies Lt-General, dies

MurderJohn F. Kennedy

1963 John F. Kennedy, 35th president of the United States (1961-63), assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas at 46

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 NKD Nanavati, Indies general-major (WWII), dies
  • 1963 William R Titterton, English author (Candle of the Stars), dies at 87
  • 1963 Wilhelm Beiglböck, Nazi physician (b. 1905)
  • 1963 J. D. Tippit, American police officer, murdered by Lee Harvey Oswald at 39 shortly after the assassination of John F. Kennedy
  • 1966 Moises Frumencio da Costa Gomez, 1st Prime Minister of Dutch Antilles, dies at 59
  • 1967 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (b. 1892)
  • 1979 Anne Vondeling, Male Dutch soc democratic party-minister, dies at 63
  • 1980 Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter (b. 1901)

Person of interestJean Batten

1982 Jean Batten, New Zealand aviator (first-ever solo flight from England to New Zealand in 1936), dies at 73

Aviator Jean Batten
Jean Batten
  • 1986 Fred Bertrand, Belgian politician, dies at 73
  • 1988 Janet Ertel, crooner, dies
  • 1988 Luis Barragán, Mexican architect (Casa Luis Barragán, 1980 Pritzker Prize), dies at 86
  • 1988 Erich Fried, Austrian-British writer, dies at 67
  • 1989 Rene Muawad, assassinated 17 days after elected president of Lebanon
  • 1989 C. C. Beck, American cartoonist (b. 1910)
  • 1991 Jac de Jong [Jacobus Hendrik de Jong], Dutch entrepreneur and politician (Nedac-Sorbo), dies

Person of interestAnthony Burgess

1993 Anthony Burgess, British novelist and essayist (A Clockwork Orange), dies of cancer at 76

Novelist Anthony Burgess
Anthony Burgess
  • 1994 John Michael Grimes, British set designer (Philby, Burgess and MacLean), dies at 70
  • 1995 John Putz, journalist, dies at 89
  • 1995 Norman Potter, English cabinetmaker, designer and writer, dies at 72

Person of interestRaymond Dart

1995 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus), dies at 95 [1]

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Raymond Dart
  • 1995 Johnnie Tillmon, civil rights activist (National Welfare Rights Association), dies at 69
  • 1996 Terence Donovan, English fashion photographer, film and video director, commits suicide at 60
  • 1997 Tom Blackburn, writer, dies at 71
  • 1997 Harry Kissin, Baron Kissin, British businessman and President (GPG), dies at 85
  • 1998 Stu Unger, American poker player (b. 1953)
  • 2001 Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay Cosmetics (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Ria Beckers, Dutch politician and leader of the progressive Christian party PPR, dies at 67
  • 2006 Gilles Grégoire, Quebec politician (co-founder of the Parti Québécois), dies at 80
  • 2007 Maurice Béjart, Father of the Ballet Renewal(b. 1929)
  • 2008 MC Breed, American hip hop artist (b. 1971)
  • 2010 Frank Fenner, Australian microbiologist (b. 1914)
  • 2011 Lynn Margulis, American biologist (serial endosymbiotic theory), dies at 73
  • 2011 Lana Peters [Svetlana Stalina], Stalin's daughter, dies at 85
  • 2012 Bryce Courtenay, South African-born Australian novelist, dies from stomach cancer at 79
  • 2015 Kim Young-sam, politician and activist - President of South Korea (1993-98), dies at 87
  • 2020 Doris de Agostini-Rossetti, Swiss alpine skier (Downhill World Cup 1982/1983), dies at 62