On This Day

On This Day in History for November 25

Events in History

  • 1034 Malcolm II, King of Scots (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) (b. 980) dies; Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1165 Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa) visits Utrecht

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1177 Battle of Montgisard: Baldwin IV of Jerusalem defeats Saladin and a larger Ayyubid force

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
  • 1185 Pope Lucius III (Ubaldo Allucingoli) reigned 1181-85, dies and is replaced by Umberto Crivelli (Pope Urban III)
  • 1277 Giovanni Gaetano Orsini elected as Pope Nicolas III
  • 1357 Charles IV issues letter of protection of Jews of Strasbourg Alsace
  • 1491 The siege of Granada, last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1500 Governor De Bobadilla of Santo Domingo captures Christopher Columbus

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1598 Jacob Cornelius van Neck's merchant fleet reaches Bantam, West-Java on second Dutch expedition to Indonesia
  • 1659 Michiel de Ruyter conquers Danish city Nyborg
  • 1667 A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha, in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.
  • 1715 First English patent granted to an American, for processing corn

BattleCoup d'état

1741 Elizabeth of Russia seizes power in a coup with the aid of Imperial Russian guards in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1744 Austrian forces pillage & kill Jews of Prague
  • 1755 King Ferdinand IV of Spain granted the Beaterio dela Compania de Jesus or now known as the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary(RVM) a royal protection.
  • 1758 Britain captures Fort Duquesne (later Fort Pitt/Pittsburgh) from French
  • 1766 Pope Clement XIII warns On dangers of anti-Christian writings
  • 1783 Britain evacuates New York city, its last military position in the United States

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1792 Benjamin Banneker first publishes his Farmer's Almanac

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • 1817 First sword swallower in US performs (NYC)
  • 1826 The Greek frigate Hellas arrives in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy
  • 1834 Delmonico's, one of NY's finest restaurants, provides a meal of soup, steak, coffee & half a pie for 12 cents
  • 1839 Cyclone slams south eastern India with high winds and a 40 foot storm surge, destroying city of Coringa. Storm waves sweep inland, destroying 20,000 ships and killing an estimated 300,000 people.
  • 1841 35 survivors of the mutiny on the slave ship Amistad return to Africa
  • 1863 Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee
  • 1864 Confederate plot to burn New York city fails
  • 1864 Confederate retreat at Sandersville, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 US Congress commission looks into "impeachment" of President Andrew Johnson

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1874 The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • 1876 Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.
  • 1884 John B Meyenberg of St Louis patents evaporated milk
  • 1894 Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis
  • 1897 Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
  • 1899 Battle at Graspan, Cape colony: General Methuen beats Farmers
  • 1905 Telimco makes the 1st ever advertisement for a radio set, by advertising a $7.50 set in the "Scientific American" which claimed to receive signals for up to one mile
  • 1912 American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois
  • 1912 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • 1913 The Irish Volunteers founded in Dublin to "secure the rights and liberties common to all the people of Ireland"
  • 1920 1st Thanksgiving Parade (Philadelphia)
  • 1920 WTAW of College Station, Tx, broadcast 1st football play-by-play

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Crown Prince Hirohito of Japan becomes Regent of Japan in his ailing father's stead

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1925 KPD proposes German Parliament expropriate possession of monarchy
  • 1930 Ito, Japan records 690 earthquake shocks in 1 day
  • 1933 1st Soviet liquid fuel rocket attains altitude of 261' (80m)
  • 1935 International Institute for Social History (IISG) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1936 Germany & Japan sign anti-Komintern pact
  • 1937 World's Fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)


1938 Lavrentiy Beria succeeds Nikolai Yezhov as the head of the Soviet secret police, NKVD, after Yezhov was executed on Joseph Stalin's orders

Head of the Soviet Secret Police Lavrentiy Beria
Head of the Soviet Secret Police
Lavrentiy Beria
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1940 Nazi Intelligence agency Sicherheitsdienst (SD) arrests Dutch resistance fighter Bernard Ijzerdraat, founder of De Geuzen
  • 1940 SS Patria carrying illegal immigrants sinks in port of Haifa, 200 die
  • 1940 Woody Woodpecker debuts with release of Walter Lantz's "Knock Knock"
  • 1940 First flights of the de Havilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
  • 1941 German Jews in Netherlands declared stateless (lose of nationality)
  • 1941 Finland joined the Anti-Komintern Pact.
  • 1942 National Organization for Aid to Underground, LO, forms
  • 1943 U-600 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1944 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1947 New Zealand accedes to Statute of Westminster, becomes a dominion
  • 1948 16-inch coastal guns removed from Fort Funston, San Francisco
  • 1950 UN gives Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • 1951 17 die in a train crash in Woodstock, Alabama
  • 1951 Commemoration of Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft forbidden
  • 1952 George Meany appointed as chairman of AFL
  • 1953 Earthquake and tsnunami strike Honshu, Japan
  • 1955 Race segregation forbidden on trains & buses between US states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Clement Attlee resigns as leader of the UK Labour Party

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US President Dwight Eisenhower suffers a mild stroke, impairing his speech

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1958 Senegal becomes an autonomous state in French Community
  • 1960 First atomic reactor for research & development, Richland, Wa
  • 1960 Three of the four Mirabal sisters, opponents of the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic, are assassinated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 JFK laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1965 Congo military coup under Gen Mobutu, President Kasavubu overthrown
  • 1966 Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) closes down (reopen 12/31)
  • 1967 Puerto Rico placed on Atlantic Standard Time
  • 1970 In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and two compatriots commit ritualistic suicide after an unsuccessful coup attempt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 British Labour Party leader Harold Wilson proposes Britain should work towards a withdrawal from Northern Ireland, and after 15 years; the Republic of Ireland could rejoin the British Commonwealth

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1973 3 Palestinians hijack KLM B747 above Iraq, to Dubai
  • 1973 Bloodless military coup ousts Greek President George Papadopoulos
  • 1973 US cuts maximum speed limit cut to 55 MPH as an energy conservation measure
  • 1974 Irish Republican Army is outlawed in Britain following deaths of 21
  • 1974 Rangers' Mike Hargrove wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 1975 Netherlands grants Suriname independence (National Day)
  • 1975 Portuguese leftist officers occupy 4 airbases
  • 1975 A loyalist gang nicknamed the "Shankill Butchers" undertakes its first "cut-throat killing"; the gang was named for its late-night kidnapping, torture and murder (by throat slashing) of random Catholic civilians in Belfast
  • 1976 Viking 1 radio signals from Mars help prove the general theory of relativity
  • 1976 NYPD officer Robert Torsney shoots unarmed youth Randolph Evans while answering response at youth's Brooklyn home
  • 1977 David Steed balanced stationary on a bike for 9 hrs 15 mins

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1978 New Zealand general election won by ruling Prime Minister Robert Muldoon and the National Party

New Zealand Prime Minister Robert Muldoon
New Zealand Prime Minister
Robert Muldoon
  • 1979 Israel returns Alma oilfields in Gulf of Suez to Egypt
  • 1979 Pittsburgh gains 606 net yards against Cleveland, winning 33-30
  • 1980 Coup in Burkina abolishes constitution
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1980 Upper-Volta military coup under Col Saye Zerbo, President Lamizana flees
  • 1981 Failed coup by South African mercenaries in Seychelles

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1981 Pope John Paul II names Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger "Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith"

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1982 The Minneapolis Thanksgiving Day Fire destroys an entire city block, including the Northwestern National Bank building and the recently closed Donaldson's Department Store.
  • 1983 Soyuz T-9 returns to Earth, 149 days after take-off
  • 1983 Syria & Saudi Arabia announce cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli
  • 1984 Julio M Sanguinetti wins Uruguay presidential election
  • 1984 William Schroeder is second person to receive Jarvik-7 artificial heart

Birthdays in History

  • 1454 Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, born in Venice (d. 1510)
  • 1501 Yi Hwang, Korean Confucian scholar of the Joseon Dynasty, born in Ongye-ri, Andong, North Gyeongsang Province (d. 1570)
  • 1507 Joost de Damhoudere, Flemish lawyer (Praxis rerum criminalium), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1581)
  • 1562 Lope Félix de Vega Carpio, Spanish dramatist and poet (Angelica, Arcadia), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1635)

Person of interestPiet Heyn

1577 Piet Heyn, Dutch privateer who captured a Spanish silver fleet and admiral who became a folk hero, born in Delft (d. 1629)

Dutch Admiral and Privateer Piet Heyn
Dutch Admiral and Privateer
Piet Heyn
  • 1638 Catherine of Braganza, Portuguese Roman Catholic Queen of Charles II of England, born in Vila Vicosa, Portugal (d. 1705)
  • 1697 Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist and poet (wrote in blood), born in Moers, Germany (d. 1769)
  • 1703 Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist, born in Nîmes, France (d. 1784)
  • 1712 Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist and developer of 'Signed French', born in Versailles, France (d. 1789)
  • 1714 Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (approximated the value of pi and its square, pi^2) (d. 1783)
  • 1721 Willem Crul, British admiral (West-Indies), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1781)
  • 1778 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer, born in Birmingham (d. 1856)
  • 1814 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), born in Heilbronn, Württemberg (d. 1878)
  • 1817 John Bigelow, American statesman and author, born in Bristol, New York (d. 1911)
  • 1823 Joseph Alexander Cooper, American civil servant and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Whitley County, Kentucky (d. 1910)
  • 1825 Edward Augustus Wild, American homeopathic doctor and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1828 Franjo Rački, Croatian historian and politician, born in Fužine, Austrian Empire (d. 1894)

Person of interestAndrew Carnegie

1835 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, born in Dunfermline, Scotland (d. 1919)

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • 1840 Hugo Verriest, Flemish author and poet (Flemish Movement), born in Deerlijk, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • 1841 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (algebraic logic), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1842 Vittorio Dabormida, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Turin (d. 1896)
  • 1843 Henry Ware Eliot, American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)

Person of interestKarl Benz

1844 Karl Benz, German inventor, engine designer and automobile manufacturer (Mercedes-Benz), born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1929)

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1845 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese novelist, born in Póvoa de Varzim (d. 1900)
  • 1846 Carrie Nation, American temperance advocate, born in Garrard County, Kentucky (d. 1911)
  • 1852 Johan Salvator, Archduke of Austria, born in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1890)
  • 1858 Alfred Capus, French journalist and playwright, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1922)
  • 1869 Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer, born in Jackson, Tennessee (d. 1943)
  • 1870 Winthrop Ames, American theatrical director (Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs), born in North Easton, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • 1876 Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in San Anton Palace, Attard, British Malta (d. 1936)
  • 1877 Harley Granville-Barker, English dramatist, producer (The Voysey Inheritance) and critic, born in London (d. 1946)
  • 1878 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), born in Magdeburg (d. 1945)
  • 1880 Leonard Woolf, English author and husband of Virginia Woolf, born in London (d. 1969)
  • 1880 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (Abbey Series), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1960)

Person of interestJohn XXIII

1881 Pope John XXIII [Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli], 261st Pope (1958-63), born in Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1963)

  • 1883 Harvey Spencer Lewis, American Rosicrucian author and mystic, born in Frenchtown, New Jersey (d. 1939)
  • 1887 Nikolai Vavilov, Soviet botanist and geneticist (identified the centers of origin of cultivated plants), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1890 Isaac Rosenberg, English war poet (Poems from the Trenches) and artist, born in Bristol, England (d. 1918)
  • 1895 Anastas Mikoyan, Armenian revolutionary and member of Supreme Soviet, born in Sanahin, Yelizavetpol Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1978)
  • 1895 Ludvík Svoboda, Czech general and politician (8th President of Czechoslovakia, 1968-75), born in Hroznatín, Moravia, Austria Hungary (d. 1979)
  • 1895 Helen Hooven Santmyer, American writer ("...And Ladies of the Club"), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1986)
  • 1899 W. R. Burnett, American author (Little Caesar), born in Springfield, Ohio (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Rudolf Höss, German commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, born in Baden-Baden, German Empire (d. 1947)
  • 1901 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1948)
  • 1903 Martin Soames, British traveller
  • 1904 Ba Jin, Chinese novelist (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Hugh Davson, physiologist/writer
  • 1910 Leon Poliakov, historian
  • 1911 Roelof Frankot, Dutch painter (d. 1984)
  • 1913 Lewis Thomas, American physician and essayist (d. 1993)

Person of interestAugusto Pinochet

1915 Augusto Pinochet, Chilean general and dictator of Chile (1973-90), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 2006)

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • 1919 Chaim Pearl, Jewish rabbi and scholar, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail, King of Malaysia (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Stanley Ho, Chinese casino tycoon who transformed Macao, born in Hong Kong (d. 2020)
  • 1922 Gloria Lasso, French-Spanish singer (Le tour de chant de Gloria Lasso), born in Vilafranca del Penedès, Catalonia (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland (1982-94), born in Turku (d. 2017)
  • 1924 Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.
  • 1925 Jose Napoleon Duarte, president El Salvador
  • 1926 Murray Schisgal, playwright (Luv)
  • 1926 Poul Anderson, American science-fiction and fantasy author, winner of 7 Hugo and 3 Nebula Awards (The Sharing of Flesh; Mirkheim; After Doomsday), born in Bristol, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • 1929 Jack Hogan [Richard Roland Benson Jr], American actor (Combat", "Adam 12", "Sierra"), born in Chapel Hill, North Carolina
  • 1938 John "Jack" Baines, mountaineering publisher
  • 1939 Martin Feldstein, American economist (1977 John Bates Clark Medal), chief economic adviser to President Reagan, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2019)
  • 1940 Reinhard Furrer, German physicist and astronaut (STS 22), born in Worgl, Germany
  • 1941 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Indian Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (d. 2001)
  • 1942 Rosa Von Praunheim [Holger Mischwitzky], Riga Latvia, dir (Affengeil)
  • 1945 Patrick Nagel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • 1947 Jonathan Kaplan, French film director (Heart Like a Wheel), born in Paris, France
  • 1947 Linda Laflamme, rocker
  • 1947 Val Fuentes, rocker (It's A Beautiful Day)
  • 1948 Jacques P. Dupuis, French Canadian politician
  • 1949 Rita Jenrette, wife of Rep John Jenrette (D-SC), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1950 Alexis Wright, Australian author
  • 1951 Arturo Pérez Reverte, Spanish novelist and war reporter
  • 1952 John Lynch, American politician current governor of New Hampshire
  • 1953 Jeffrey Skilling, American former CEO of Enron
  • 1956 Ena Heese, South African costume designer (Willem of Orange)
  • 1956 Hélène Goudin, Swedish politician
  • 1957 Bob Ehrlich, Jr., former Maryland governor
  • 1959 Charles Kennedy, British politician (Liberal Democrat leader 1999-2006), born in Inverness, Scotland

Person of interestJohn F. Kennedy Jr.

1960 John F. Kennedy Jr, American magazine publisher (George), lawyer and son of JFK, born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr.
Publisher and Lawyer
John F. Kennedy Jr.
  • 1970 Saskia Sibilo, Miss Suriname (1990)
  • 1971 Dominic Cummings, English political strategist (Vote Leave campaign), born in Durham, England
  • 1972 Alessandro Michele, Italian fashion designer (Gucci), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1979 Michael Lehan, American National Football League player
  • 1980 Kushan Liyanarachchi, Sri Lankan, prominent Live Buddhism Practitioner

Person of interestBarbara Pierce Bush

1981 Barbara Bush, American activist (Global Health Corps) and twin daughter of US President George W. Bush, born in Dallas, Texas

Twin daughter of US President George W. Bush Barbara Pierce Bush
Twin daughter of US President George W. Bush
Barbara Pierce Bush
  • 1981 Mauricio Rua, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
  • 1981 Jenna Bush Hager, American author, news personality (Today with Hoda & Jenna) and twin daughter of US President George W. Bush, born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1983 Joey Chestnut, American champion competitive eater
  • 1986 Amber Hagerman, American kidnapping and murder victim, basis of the Amber Alert system (d. 1996)
  • 1990 Yasmin van der Meer, 15 millionth Netherlander

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1795 US President William Henry Harrison (22) weds Anna Symmes (20) in North Bend, Ohio

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison

LoveWedding of Interest

1908 Vaudeville performer Will Rogers (29) weds Betty Blake

Humorist Will Rogers
Will Rogers
  • 1913 28th US President Woodrow Wilson's daughter Jessie marries in The White House

LoveWedding of Interest

1991 Author Douglas Adams (39) weds Jane Belson

Deaths in History

  • 311 Peter of Alexandria, Christian martyr
  • 1120 William Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England (b. 1104) dies in White Ship tragedy trying to save his illegitimate half-sister Countess of Perche while crossing the English Channel
  • 1326 Prince Koreyasu, 7th Japanese shogun, dies at 62
  • 1374 Philip II of Taranto, Titular emperor of Costantinople (b. 1329)
  • 1456 Jacques Coeur, French merchant/banker, dies in battle
  • 1560 Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman and admiral, dies at 93
  • 1686 Nicolas Steno, Danish geologist (b. 1638)
  • 1694 Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (Astronomia Philolaica) and mathematician, dies at 89
  • 1700 Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician, 17th Mayor of New York City (1686-88), dies at 57
  • 1785 Richard Glover, British poet, dies at about 73
  • 1803 Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey), dies at 83
  • 1854 John Gibson Lockhart [Scorpion], Scottish biographer (Life of Walter Scott), dies at 60
  • 1865 Heinrich Barth, German historian/geographer (Central Africa), dies
  • 1885 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), dies at 27
  • 1885 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States (D), dies 8 months after taking office at 66
  • 1887 Johann J Bachofen, Swiss historic rights, dies at 71
  • 1894 Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist, dies at 82
  • 1903 Harriet Hubbard Ayer, American cosmetics manufacturer and columnist, dies at 54
  • 1913 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), dies at 73

Person of interestInez Milholland

1916 Inez Milholland, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), labor lawyer and socialist, dies at 30 after suffering from pernicious anemia

Suffragist Inez Milholland
Inez Milholland
  • 1923 Ernst Debes, German cartographer (Moon Atlas), dies at 83
  • 1937 Lilian Mary Baylis, English theatrical manager (Old Vic & Sadler's Wells Theater), dies at 63
  • 1939 Wilfred Trotter, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck, dies at 67
  • 1941 Pedro Aguirre Cerda, president Chili (People's Front), dies
  • 1947 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (b. 1876)
  • 1948 Kanbun Uechi, karate master (b. 1877)
  • 1950 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1873)
  • 1950 Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1951 Raden Mas Noto Soeroto, Javanese poet (Wayang Songs), dies at 63
  • 1958 Charles F. Kettering, American inventor (auto self-starter), dies at 82
  • 1967 Ossip Zadkine [Zadkin], Russian French sculptor (Destroyed City), dies at 77

Person of interestUpton Sinclair

1968 Upton Beall Sinclair, American author (Jungle), dies at 90

  • 1968 Paul Siple, American explorer of the Antarctic. (b. 1908)
  • 1970 Yukio Mishima, Japanese author/nationalist (Harakiri), dies at 45
  • 1972 Hans Scharoun, German architect (Berlin Philharmonic), dies at 79
  • 1972 Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer, dies at 86
  • 1973 Albert DeSalvo, American criminal (The Boston Strangler), stabbed to death in prison at 42
  • 1974 U Thant, Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), dies in NY of cancer at 65
  • 1978 Elaine Esposito, American woman who held record for longest coma (37 years), dies in a coma at 43
  • 1985 Franz Hildebrandt, German Theologian(b. 1909)
  • 1985 Elsa Morante, Italian writer, dies at 73
  • 1987 Anton Pieck, Dutch illustrator (1001 Nights), dies at 92
  • 1987 Harold Washington, 1st African American mayor of Chicago (D, 1983-87), dies at 65
  • 1989 Alva R. Fitch, American World War II and Korean soldier (b. 1907)
  • 1989 Birago Diop, Senegalese writer and ambassador (Leurres et Lueurs), dies at 82
  • 1991 Eleanor Audley, voice (Wicked Stepmother-Cinderella), dies at 86
  • 1994 Arthur Ballard, artist, dies at 79
  • 1994 Gerard John Toorenaar, Amsterdam police commissar, dies at 69
  • 1996 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer, dies at 79
  • 1996 Michael Economides, restaurateur, dies at 86
  • 1997 Hastings Kamuzu Band, PM/President of Malawi (1964-66/66-94), dies
  • 1998 Nelson Goodman, American philosopher (b. 1906)
  • 2000 Florizel Glasspole, 3rd Governor-General of Jamaica (1973-91), dies at 91
  • 2001 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (b. 1941)
  • 2002 Karel Reisz, Czech theater director (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Richard Burns, English WRC champion, dies of a brain tumour at 34
  • 2006 Sean Bell, American shooting victim (b. 1983)
  • 2006 Luciano Bottaro, Italian comic book artist, dies at 75
  • 2006 Kenneth M. Taylor, American pilot (b. 1919)
  • 2010 Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer (Bernard Matthews Farms), dies at 80
  • 2010 Alfred Balk, American magazine editor and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 2010 C. Scott Littleton, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2011 Tom Wicker, American journalist and author, dies at 85
  • 2012 Lars Hörmander, Swedish mathematician, dies at 81

Person of interestFidel Castro

2016 Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary, Prime Minister (1959-76) and President (1976-2008), dies at 90

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro