On This Day

On This Day in History for November 26

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

43 BC Second Triumvirate alliance of Roman leader Octavian (later Caesar Augustus), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony formed

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 579 Pelagius II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 783 Asturian queen Adosinda was put in the monastery of San Juan de Pravia, where she lived out the rest of her life, to prevent her kin from retaking the throne from Mauregatus.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1476 Vlad III Dracula defeats Basarab Laiota with the help of Stephen the Great and Stephen V Bathory and becomes the ruler of Wallachia for the third time.

Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler
Wallachian Prince
Vlad the Impaler
  • 1527 Pope Clemens VII signs treaty with emperor Karel I
  • 1580 French Huguenots & Roman Catholics sign peace treaty
  • 1648 Pope Innocent X condemns Peace of Westphalia
  • 1688 Duke of Savoye signs on to League of Augsburg

BattleDeclaration of War

1688 French King Louis XIV declares war on Netherlands

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1688 King James II escapes back to London
  • 1716 1st lion exhibited in America in Boston
  • 1741 French & Beiers army occupies Prague
  • 1764 France bans Jesuit enorde

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 British explorer Captain James Cook is the first European to visit Maui in the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii)

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1784 Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established
  • 1789 1st national Thanksgiving in America

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1793 Republican calendar replaces Gregorian calendar in France

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1805 Official opening of Thomas Telford's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, carrying the Llangollen canal 126 feet above the River Dee
  • 1825 1st college fraternity founded (Kappa Alpha (Union College, NY))
  • 1832 1st streetcar railway in America starts operating in New York City with 12 cent fare
  • 1835 HMS Beagle leaves Tahiti for New Zealand
  • 1841 1st date in James Clavell's novel Tai-Pan
  • 1842 The University of Notre Dame is founded
  • 1847 Alfred de Mussets "Un Caprice" premieres in Paris

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1859 Last weekly installment of Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is published in literary periodical "All the Year Round"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • 1861 West Virginia created as a result of dispute over slavery with Virginia
  • 1863 -Dec 2] Mine Run campaign, VA
  • 1864 Confederate troops vacate Sandersville Georgia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Sylvan Brutal/Waynesboro, Georgia

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1865 "Alice in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll is published in America

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • 1865 Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1867 Refrigerated railroad car patented by JB Sutherland of Detroit
  • 1894 King Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki signs accord with France
  • 1895 Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association forms
  • 1896 1st large indoor football game, University of Chicago beats University of Michigan 7-6
  • 1896 Amos Alonzo Stagg of University of Chicago creates American football huddle

  • 1898 -27) Snow and ice storm over US kills 455
  • 1898 SS Portland “The Titanic of New England” leaves for Cape Cod, shipwrecked off Cape Ann, all 192 on board killed
  • 1901 Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa
  • 1909 Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.
  • 1913 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers
  • 1913 Phi Sigma Sigma is founded at Hunter College in New York City
  • 1914 Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbour, England, 788 die
  • 1916 Greece declares war on Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Addressing the Chamber of Commerce in Cincinnati, US President Woodrow Wilson declares that 'The business of neutrality is over. The nature of modern war leaves no state untouched'

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
  • 1918 The Podgorica Assembly votes for "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 English archaeologist Howard Carter opens Tutankhamun's virtually intact tomb in Egypt

Archaeologist who Discovered Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist who Discovered Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
Pharoah of Egypt Tutankhamun
Pharoah of Egypt
Tutankhamun
  • 1924 Mongolian People's Republic proclaimed
  • 1925 Netherlands & Germany sign trade agreement
  • 1933 Camille Chautemps becomes French premier
  • 1934 German theologist Karl Barth surrenders to Nazis
  • 1934 Turkish regiment decrees importing family names
  • 1939 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border
  • 1940 Leidse students strike
  • 1940 Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw
  • 1941 General Alan Cunningham relieved of command of British 8th Army in North Africa
  • 1941 British troops conquer Belhamed, Sidi Rezegh & El Duda

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

1941 Japanese naval carrier force left its base & moves east toward Pearl Harbor

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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
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  • 1941 Lebanon independence first proclaimed by France
  • 1942 Anti-fascist Council for National Liberation (AVNOJ) forms
  • 1944 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoria

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1945 During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 1st polaroid camera sold for $89.75 in Boston at the Jordan Marsh department store. The Land Camera model 95 becomes prototype for all Polaroid Land cameras for next 15 years

Scientist and Inventor Edwin Land
Scientist and Inventor
Edwin Land
  • 1949 The Constituent Assembly of India formally adopts a new constitution
  • 1950 China enters Korean conflict, sends troops across Yalu River
  • 1952 1st 3D feature film "Bwana Devil" directed by Arch Oboler premieres in Los Angeles, advertised as "The Miracle of the Age!!! A LION in your lap! A LOVER in your arms!"
  • 1953 Yamada Koun, leader of Sanbo Kyodan line of Zen, found 1st awakening
  • 1955 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Cyprus
  • 1961 For 2nd time in his career, St Louis' Jerry Norton has 4 interceptions
  • 1962 Caribbean Air Transport Me NV (CLTM Airlines) forms
  • 1963 Explorer 18 spacecraft launched by NASA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 France launches 1st satellite, 92 lb (42 kg) A1-capsule (Astérix), named after the popular French comic character

Cartoonist Albert Uderzo
Cartoonist
Albert Uderzo
Author and Cartoonist René Goscinny
Author and Cartoonist
René Goscinny
  • 1966 1st major tidal power plant opens at Rance estuary, France
  • 1967 Browns' Carl Ward sets club record with a 104-yd kickoff return
  • 1967 Cloud burst over Lisbon kills about 450
  • 1969 Lottery for Selective Service draftees bill signed by President Nixon
  • 1970 In Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, 1.5 inches (38.1mm) of rain fall in a minute, the heaviest rainfall ever on record
  • 1972 Pete Gogolak scores NY Giant record 8 pts after a touchdown
  • 1973 Nixon's personal secretary Rose Mary Woods, tells a federal court she accidentally caused part of 18½ minute gap in a key Watergate tape
  • 1974 Approximately 140 die when suspension bridge collapses in Nepal
  • 1975 US Federal jury finds Lynette Fromme guilty of attempted assassination
  • 1975 France performs nuclear test at Fangataufa Island
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Music releaseMusic Single

1976 Ringo Starr releases "Hey Baby" single

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1976 Former West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is elected chairman of the Socialist International (1976-92)

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1978 10 die as fire erupts at Holiday Inn in Rochester, NY
  • 1978 Christina Crawford autobiography "Mommie Dearest" reaches best-seller status
  • 1979 Twins John Castino & Jays Alfredo Griffin tie for AL Rookie of Year
  • 1980 Columbia mated to SRBs & external tank at Vehicle Assembly Building

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Howard Cossell calls his last fight after being disgusted by Larry Holmes-Tex Cobb mismatch

WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes
  • 1983 World's greatest robbery; 26 million pounds (sterling) worth of gold, diamonds and cash stolen from Brink's-Mat warehouse at Heathrow Airport, England
  • 1984 US & Iraq re-establish diplomatic relations
  • 1985 23rd Space Shuttle Mission (61-B)-Atlantis 2-is launched
  • 1985 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Random House buys Richard Nixons memoires for $3,000,000

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1988 Alexander Volkov, Sergei Krikalev & Jean-Loup Chretien launch
  • 1988 Pioneer 6's closest approach to Earth since 1965 launch (1.87 M km)
  • 1989 Comores coup under Bob Benard

Birthdays in History

  • 1288 Go-Daigo, 96th Emperor of Japan (1318-39), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 1339)
  • 1436 Princess Catherine of Portugal, Portuguese princess of King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon and writer, born in Lisbon (d. 1463)
  • 1607 John Harvard, English clergyman and benefactor of Harvard College, born in Southwark, Surrey, England (d. 1638)
  • 1609 Henry Dunster, American clergyman and first President of Harvard College, born in Bolholt, Bury, Lancashire (d. 1659)
  • 1657 William Derham, English clergyman, natural theologian and scientist, born in Stoulton, Worcestershire (d. 1735)
  • 1663 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), born in Lima, Peru (d. 1743)
  • 1678 Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist, born in Béziers, France (d. 1771)
  • 1727 Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (major general during the American Revolutionary War), born in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts (d. 1800)
  • 1731 William Cowper, English pre-romantic poet (His Task), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1800)
  • 1736 Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, French publisher (Mercure de France), born in Lille, France (d. 1798)
  • 1754 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • 1795 Cornelis Pieter Jacob Elout, Dutch military and President of West Sumatra, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1843)C
  • 1810 William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong and British industralist and inventor (hydraulic crane Armstrong Gun), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1900)
  • 1811 Zeng Guofan, Chinese statesman, military general and Confucian scholar of the late Qing dynasty, born in Xiangxiang, Hunan Province, Qing Empire (d. 1872)
  • 1816 William H. T. Walker, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1864)
  • 1827 Alfred Moore Scales, American politician (45th Governor of North Carolina), born in Reidsville, North Carolina (d. 1892)

Person of interestEllen G. White

1827 Ellen G. White, American religious leader (Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Gorham, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1828 René Goblet, French politician (41st Prime Minister of France), born in Aire-sur-la-Lys, France (d. 1905)
  • 1832 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and women's rights leader and only woman to receive Medal of Honor (bravery during Civil War), born in Oswego, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1832 Rudolph Koenig, German physicist, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1901)
  • 1847 Maria Feodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia, born in Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1928)
  • 1850 Henricus van de Wetering, Archbishop of Utrecht (1895-1929), born in Hoogland, Netherlands (d. 1929)
  • 1853 Bat Masterson, American gunfighter in the Wild West, born in Henriville, Canada East (d. 1921)
  • 1857 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1913)
  • 1858 Katharine Drexel, American philanthropist and Roman Catholic Saint, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)

Person of interestAlbert B. Fall

1861 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Frankfort, Kentucky

US Senator Albert B. Fall
US Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1862 Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-British archaeologist, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1943)
  • 1864 Herman Gorter, Dutch socialist and poet (May, Tiny Hero's Poem), born in Wormerveer, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • 1869 Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway, spouse of King Haakon VII, born in Marlborough House, London (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Edmond Fleg[enheimer], Swiss-French author (Ecoute Israel), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1963)
  • 1876 Bart van der Leck, Dutch painter (Style), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1958)

Person of interestWillis Carrier

1876 Willis Carrier, American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), born in Angola, New York (d. 1950)

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • 1885 Heinrich Brüning, German politician and Chancellor of Germany (1930-32), born in Münster, Province of Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1887 Ernest de Silva, Sri Lankan business magnate and philanthropist, born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1957)
  • 1888 Franz Jung, German writer and political activist, born in Nysa (d. 1963)
  • 1894 Norbert Wiener, American mathematician (discovered cybernetics), born in Columbia, Missouri (d. 1964)
  • 1894 James Charles McGuigan, Catholic cardinal archbishop of Toronto, born in Hunter River, Prince Edward Island, Canada (d. 1974)
  • 1895 Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system), born in Örebro, Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Bill Wilson, American co-founder (alcoholics anonymous), born in East Dorset, Vermont (d. 1971)

Person of interestKarl Ziegler

1898 Karl Ziegler, German chemist and Nobel Laureate (polymers), born in Helsa, German Empire (d. 1973)

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler
  • 1899 Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, born in Kamenz, Saxony, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1901 Philip Idenburg, Dutch statistician, born in Hillegersberg, Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1902 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • 1904 Armand Frappier, French-Canadian physician and microbiologist, born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec, Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1907 Ruth Patrick, American botanist and limnologist, born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 2013)
  • 1908 Charles Forte, Italian-British hotel magnate (Savoy), born in Mortale, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1909 Eugene Ionesco, Romanian-French playwright (Rhinoceros, Bald Soprano), born in Slatina, Romania (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Raymond Scheyven, Belgian minister of Economic Affairs, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1987)
  • 1911 Ronald Diggens, English fabric manufacturer and multi-millionaire
  • 1918 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer, politician and President of Chile (1990-94), born in Viña del Mar, Chile (d. 2016)
  • 1919 Frederik Pohl, American sci-fi author (3 Hugo, Gateway, Bipohl), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Paul Rodenko, Dutch poet and author (Stolen Lover), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1976)
  • 1921 Françoise Gilot, French painter, designer, and author (Life with Picasso), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • 1921 Verghese Kurien, Indian engineer (billion-litre idea), born in Calicut, India (d. 2012)

Person of interestCharles M. Schulz

1922 Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (Peanuts), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2000)

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Cartoonist
Charles M. Schulz
  • 1924 George Segal, American painter and sculptor of lifelike mixed-media figures (Bus Driver), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • 1925 Gregorio Alvarez, Uruguayan Dictator, President of Uruguay (1981-85), born in Montevideo (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Ernie Coombs, American-Canadian children's entertainer (Mr. Dressup), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 2001)
  • 1928 John Barton, British theatre director and co-founder of the Royal Shakespeare Company, born in London, England (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Joyce McCartan, Irish peace campaigner, born in Banbridge, County Down, Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Berthold Leibinger, German entrepreneur (Trumpf) and philanthropist, born in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 2018)
  • 1931 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Argentine painter and activist (1980 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1931 Adrianus Johannes Simonis, Archbishop of Utrecht (1983-2007), born in Lisse, Netherlands
  • 1932 Marten Beinema, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1936 Margaret Boden, English philosopher (Research Professor of Cognitive Science in the Department of Informatics at the University of Sussex), born in London
  • 1937 Boris Yegorov, Soviet physician and cosmonaut (Voskhod I), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 1994)
  • 1938 Porter Goss, American politician (Rep-R-Florida) and 1st Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1938 Rodney Jory, Australian physicist, born in Adelaide, Australia
  • 1939 Jeremy Boorda, U.S. Navy admiral (25th Chief of Naval Operations), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Malaysian politician (5th Prime Minister of Malaysia, 2003-09), born in Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia
  • 1943 Jerry Kleczka, American politician (Rep-D-WI, 1984-2005), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • 1943 Paul Burnett, English radio disc jockey, born in Hulme, Manchester, England
  • 1943 Marilynne Robinson, American writer (Gilead), born in Sandpoint, Idaho
  • 1945 Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1946 Angus Suttie, English potter and teacher of art ceramics, born in Tealing, Scotland (d. 1993)
  • 1949 Maggie Donnelly, London bag lady
  • 1951 La Cicciolina [Ilona Staller], Italian MP, born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1953 Hilary Benn, British Labour Party politician, born in Hammersmith, London
  • 1954 Roz Chast, American cartoonist (Can't We Talk About Something More Pleasant?), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1954 Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, born in Valvettithurai, Dominion of Ceylon (d. 2009)
  • 1955 Tracy Hickman, American sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1956 Nico Slothouwer, Dutch poet (Man & his Bag)
  • 1958 Steve Buyer, American politician (Rep-R-Indiana), born in Rensselaer, Indiana
  • 1969 Kara Walker, American artist, born in Stockton, California
  • 1979 B.J. Averell, American reality television contestant (The Amazing Race 9), born in Camden, New Jersey
  • 1981 Jamie Fiske, liver transplant recipient
  • 1981 Natalie Gauci, Australian Idol 2007 winner, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1983 Chris Hughes, American businessman and co-founder of Facebook, born in Hickory, North Carolina
  • 1992 Louis Ducruet, Prince of Princess Stéphanie of Monaco & Daniel Ducruet, born in Princess Grace Hospital Centre, La Colle, Monaco

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1894 Russian emperor Nicholas II (26) weds Alexandra Feodorovna (22) at the Grand Church of the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, Russia

  • 1927 Future Sound of Music matriarch and folk star Maria Augusta Kutschera (22) marries naval captain Georg von Trapp (47) in Salzburg

LoveWedding of Interest

1977 Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm (53) weds businessman Arthur Hardwick Jr at the Sheraton Inn in Cheektowaga, New York

1st Black Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm
1st Black Congresswoman
Shirley Chisholm
  • 1993 Political strategist for President Clinton's campaign and political commentator James Carville (49) weds Republican political pundit Mary Matalin (40) in New Orleans, Louisiana

Deaths in History

  • 399 Siricius, Pope (384-99) and Saint whose feast day is November 26, dies at about 65
  • 666 Yeon Gaesomun dictator of Goguryeo (other sources indicate death date as 664 or 665)
  • 1126 Al-Borsoki, emir of Aleppo-Mosoel, assassinated
  • 1252 Blanche of Castile, Queen of Louis VIII of France (b. 1188)
  • 1267 Gozzolini Silvester, Italian hermit/saint, dies
  • 1326 Hugh the younger Despenser, English knight (b. 1286)

Person of interestIsabella I of Castile

1504 Isabella I, Queen of Castile (1479-1504), patron of Christopher Columbus, who initiated the Spanish Inquisition with husband Ferdinand II of Aragon, dies at 53

Queen of Castile Isabella I of Castile
Queen of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
  • 1621 Radulph Agas, English surveyor (C. 1540)
  • 1639 John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
  • 1651 Henry Ireton, English general and parliament leader (Marston Moor), dies at 40
  • 1653 Maximilian Teellinck, vicar, dies at about 51
  • 1674 Philip Julius van Lichtenbergh, Governor of Suriname, dies at 37
  • 1688 Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L'amant Indiscreet), dies at 53
  • 1689 Marquard Gude, German archaeologist and classical scholar famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions, dies at 54
  • 1719 John Hudson, British classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1776 Dov Baer of Mezhirech, hassidic rabbi, dies
  • 1780 James [Denham] Steuart, 4th Baronet, British economist (b. 1712)
  • 1807 Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800), dies at 62
  • 1836 John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer and road builder who created macadam road surface (asphalt), dies at 80
  • 1851 Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal, 10th Prime Minister of France, dies at 82
  • 1854 Matthijs Siegenbeek, literature (Defeated German Spelling), dies
  • 1855 Adam B Mickiewicz, Polish poet (Polish Legion), dies at 56
  • 1857 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (That Freier), dies at 69
  • 1882 Otto T Freiherr von Manteuffel, premier of Prussia, dies

Person of interestSojourner Truth

1883 Sojourner Truth, African-American abolitionist and feminist, dies at 86

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1885 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), dies at 71
  • 1892 Charles Lavigerie, French Catholic cardinal, dies at 67
  • 1896 Coventry Patmore, English poet and critic (The Angel in the House), dies at 73
  • 1923 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-French-Italian writer, dies at 60
  • 1926 John M Brown, US weapons constructor, dies
  • 1927 Jean-Louis Pisuisse, Dutch night club performer (governess), assassinated at 47

Person of interestReinhard Scheer

1928 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), dies at 65

  • 1934 Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and statesman, dies at 68
  • 1938 Henry Schultz, American economist (econometrics), dies at 45
  • 1940 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), dies at 72
  • 1941 Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (Trold, der vejrer kristenblod), dies at 80
  • 1941 Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (b. 1876)
  • 1943 Edward H "Butch" O'hare, US pilot/lt-comdr, dies in battle
  • 1950 Hedwig Courts-Mahler, German author, dies at 83
  • 1952 Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer (b. 1865)
  • 1957 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian author (Iveren), dies at 80
  • 1962 Albert Sarraut, French Radical politician, Prime Minister of France (1933 and 1936), dies at 90
  • 1966 Siegfried Kracauer, writer, dies at 77
  • 1968 Arnold Zweig, German antifascist and author (Junge frau 1914), dies at 81
  • 1970 B O Davis Sr, 1st African American general, dies at 93 in Chicago
  • 1971 Joe Adonis, US crime-syndicate boss in NY & NJ, dies at 68
  • 1972 R. P. Keigwin, English academic, dies at 89
  • 1974 Cyril Connolly, English intellectual (b. September 10, 1903)
  • 1986 Betico Croes, Arubian politician, dies in an accident at 48
  • 1987 Thomas G Lanphier Jr, US WW II pilot, dies at 71
  • 1989 Ahmed Abdallah, president of Comores, dies
  • 1990 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher, dies at 94
  • 1991 François Billetdoux, French author (Word Awake), dies at 64
  • 1991 Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; b. 1908)
  • 1993 Imad Aqal, Palestinian Izz-Danish al-Qassem-leader, shot to death
  • 1993 Mart Kempers, Dutch graphic artist and sculptor, dies at 69
  • 1994 Arturo Rivera Damas, archbishop of El Salvador (1980-94), dies at 71
  • 1994 David Bache, British car designer (Rover), dies at 69
  • 1994 Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish politician and resistance fighter, dies at 80
  • 1995 Charles Warrell, English schoolteacher and creator of the I-Spy books, dies at 106
  • 1995 Max Fernandez, businessman/politician, dies at 52
  • 1995 Sydney Dawson Bailey, pacifist/campaigner, dies at 79
  • 1995 Terri Jewell, writer, dies at 40
  • 1996 Hans Klein, politician, dies at 65
  • 1996 Paul Rand, graphic designer, dies at 82
  • 1998 Jonathan Kwitny, American reporter (b. 1941)
  • 2001 Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish writer (b. 1943)
  • 2002 Verne Winchell, American doughnut entrepreneur (b. 1915)
  • 2003 Stefan Wul, French sci-fi author (The Temple of the Past), dies at 81
  • 2005 Stan Berenstain, American children's author (The Berenstain Bears), dies at 82
  • 2006 Mário Cesariny, Portuguese painter and writer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 Dave Cockrum, American comic book artist (b. 1943)
  • 2006 Stephen Heywood, American builder (b. 1969)
  • 2007 Silvestre Herrera, Mexican-born American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient. (b. 1917)
  • 2008 Edna Parker, American supercentenarian, the oldest person in the world following the death of Yone Minagawa of Japan on August 13, 2007, dies at 115
  • 2012 Joseph Murray, English plastic surgeon, dies from a hemorrhagic stroke at 93
  • 2014 Frankie Fraser, English gangster who spent 42 years in jail, dies of complications related to surgery at 90
  • 2019 Gary Rhodes, British restaurateur and television chef, dies at 59