On This Day

On This Day in History for November 28

Events in History

  • 587 Treaty of Andelot: King Guntram of Burgundy names cousin Childebert II as heir

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1291 Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I of England, dies in Northamptonshire. Crosses are erected where her body rests on the way to London.

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1443 Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan begins crossing the Pacific Ocean

  • 1569 Duke of Alva forces bishop Nicolaas van Nieuwland of Haarlem to resign

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 The Royal Society is formed at Gresham College, London, after a lecture by Christopher Wren, Gresham Professor of Astronomy

Architect Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren
  • 1670 Pierre Corneille's "Tite et Berenice" premieres in Paris

<b>Pirate</b> AttackPirate Attack

1717 Blackbeard attacks and captures a French merchant slave ship, which he renames as his flagship the "Queen Anne's Revenge"

Pirate Blackbeard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1720 Anne Bonny and Mary Read are tried, found guilty of pirating, and sentenced to death in Spanish Town, Jamaica, although their discovered pregnancies win them stays of execution

Pirate Mary Read
Mary Read
Pirate Anne Bonny
Anne Bonny
  • 1729 Natchez Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at Fort Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi.
  • 1745 French troops and Indian forces attack Saratoga, NY, killing many and taking prisoners

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1754 Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert is elected to the French Academy of Sciences

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • 1757 Britain condemns Convention of Kloster-Zeven
  • 1775 Second Continental Congress formally establishes the Continental Navy
  • 1785 The Treaty of Hopewell is signed between the Confederation Congress of the United States of America and the Cherokee people
  • 1795 US pays $800,000 & a frigate as tribute to Algiers & Tunis
  • 1813 Cossacks occupy Utrecht
  • 1814 The Times of London first printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer - makes newspapers available to a mass audience
  • 1821 Panama declares independence from Spain
  • 1843 Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • 1847 Church of San Francisco dei Minori Conventuali in Bologna, Italy initiated with premier of Rossini's Tantum ergo
  • 1853 Olympia forms as capital of Washington Territory
  • 1854 Dutch army stops Chinese uprising in Borneo
  • 1861 Confederate congress officially admits Missouri to Confederacy
  • 1862 Battle at Cane Hill, Arkansas (475 casualties)
  • 1862 Battle of Hooly Spring, MS
  • 1864 3rd day of Battles at Waynesboro/Jones's Plantation, Georgia
  • 1864 Battle of New Creek, West Virginia (Rosser's Raid, Ft Kelly)
  • 1871 Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
  • 1875 British explorer Verney Cameron reaches East Africa

Artist's 'Rocket' Shot Down in FlamesArtist's 'Rocket' Shot Down in Flames

1878 Whistler v. Ruskin, the most famous trial in art history, ends with artist James McNeill Whistler awarded a token farthing in compensation after suing the writer and critic John Ruskin for libel, seeking £1,000 damages [1]

Read Article
Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket now on display in the USA
Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket now on display in the USA
Read Article
  • 1879 Battle at Lydenburg South Africa: Gen Wolseley beats Sekhukhenes Pedi-Zulu

The Story of the First Country to Grant Women the VoteThe Story of the First Country to Grant Women the Vote

1893 Women vote in a national election for the first time, in the New Zealand general election

Read Article
Women gained the vote in New Zealand in 1893, the summit at last.
Women gained the vote in New Zealand in 1893, the summit at last.
Read Article
  • 1899 Battle of Mud River (Boer general Cronjé beats British gen Methuen)
  • 1904 Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Féin in Dublin

Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin Arthur Griffith
Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Arthur Griffith
  • 1908 154 men die in coal mine explosion at Marianna, Pennsylvania
  • 1911 Zapata proclaims Plan of Ayala Mexico
  • 1912 Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey in Vlorë
  • 1914 World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
  • 1916 1st German air attack on London
  • 1917 Sigmund Romberg's revue "Over the Top" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1918 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1919 American-born Lady Nancy Astor elected as the 1st female member of the British House of Commons

1st Female MP in the United Kingdom Nancy Astor
1st Female MP in the United Kingdom
Nancy Astor
  • 1920 Kilmichael Ambush, Battle of the Irish War of Independence.
  • 1921 Ascension of 'Abdu'l-Baha (Baha'i festival-Qawl 6, 78)
  • 1922 6 ex-ministers executed in Greece
  • 1922 Captain Cyril Turner (RAF) gives 1st skywriting exhibition (NYC) Turner spelled out "Hello USA. Call Vanderbilt 7200." 47,000 called
  • 1924 Pieter Jelle Troelstra leaves Dutch 2nd Chamber

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 7th French government of Aristide Briand sworn-in

11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Richard E. Byrd makes his 1st South Pole flight

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd

MurderMurder of Interest

1933 A Dallas grand jury delivers a murder indictment against Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow for the January 1933 killing of Tarrant County Deputy Malcolm Davis

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Winston Churchill tells British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin not to under estimate German air power

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hans Frank, Nazi Governor-General of Poland, organizes Judenrat

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
  • 1939 Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty
  • 1940 Dutch law professor Rudolph Cleveringa arrested by Nazis
  • 1941 German troops vacate Rostov
  • 1942 492 die in a fire that destroyed Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin meet at the Tehran Conference in Iran to map out strategy

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • 1944 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
  • 1944 In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis
  • 1944 US 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen
  • 1946 French Fourth Republic government led by Georges Bidault resigns
  • 1946 Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert sentenced to death
  • 1948 "Hopalong Cassidy" premieres on TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 John Van Druten's "I am a Camera" premieres in NYC

Playwright John Van Druten
John Van Druten
  • 1951 Military coup under Col Adib el-Shishakli in Syria
  • 1954 1st pro football game in The Netherlands
  • 1956 Photography begins on "... & God Created Women"
  • 1958 AL announces Opening Day in 1959 will be earliest ever, April 9
  • 1958 Chad becomes an autonomous republic within French community
  • 1958 Congo & Mauritania become autonomous members of French Community
  • 1958 US reports 1st full-range firing of an Intercontinental ballistic missile

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1959 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Princeps Pastorum

  • 1960 Mauritania gains independence from France (National Day)
  • 1961 General Meeting of UN debates New Guinea
  • 1961 Martin Walser's "Der Abstecher" premieres in Munich
  • 1962 Telegraph between Netherlands & Indonesia restored
  • 1963 Crusher beats Verne Gagne in St Paul, to become NWA champ
  • 1964 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1964 Mariner 4 launched; 1st probe to fly by Mars
  • 1965 Browns' Leroy Kelly sets club record for most punt return yds (109)
  • 1966 Coup in Burundi overthrows monarchy; a republic is declared
  • 1966 Dominican Republic adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 1st radio pulsars detected by British postgraduate Jocelyn Bell Burnell and her supervisor Antony Hewish at Cambridge University

Astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Jocelyn Bell Burnell
  • 1972 2 members of the IRA are killed in a premature bomb explosion in the Bogside area of Derry
  • 1973 Arab League summit in Algiers recognizes Palestine
  • 1973 Baltimore Oriole Al Bumbry wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 1975 Democratic Republic of East-Timor proclaimed
  • 1979 Air New Zealand DC-10 crashes into Mt Erebus on Antarctica, killing 257 people, making it New Zealand's deadliest peacetime disaster

BeatificationPapal Visit

1979 Pope John Paul II's first papal visit to Turkey, almost 1 1/2 years before Turkish native Mehmet Ali Agca attempts to kill him

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1981 New Zealand general election won by ruling National party and Prime Minister Robert Muldoon

New Zealand Prime Minister Robert Muldoon
New Zealand Prime Minister
Robert Muldoon
  • 1983 9th Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 6-is launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Over 250 years after their deaths, William Penn and his wife Hannah Callowhill Penn are made Honorary Citizens of the United States

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1985 6th Belgium government of Martens forms
  • 1986 Hilbert van der Duim skates 1 hour world record 39.4928 km

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 US Reagan administration exceeds SALT II arms limitations for 1st time

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1986 OPEC reaches oil production accord

Birthdays in History

  • 1118 Manuel I Komnenos, Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (1143-80) (d. 1180)
  • 1489 Margaret Tudor, Queen consort of Scots as wife of James IV of Scotland (1503-13), born in Westminster Palace, London (d. 1541)
  • 1570 James Whitelocke, English judge and politician (House of Common 1610-22) (d. 1632)
  • 1598 Hans Nansen, Danish statesman, born in Flensburg (d. 1667)
  • 1607 Francesco Sforza Pallavicino, Italian theologist and historian (Istoria del Concilio di Trento), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1667)

Person of interestJohn Bunyan

1628 John Bunyan, English minister and author (The Pilgrim's Progress), born in Elstow, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1688)

Author John Bunyan
John Bunyan
  • 1640 Willem de Vlamingh, Dutch sea captain (explored the then "New Holland", central west coast of Australia), born in Oost-Vlieland, Dutch Republic (c. 1648)
  • 1650 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician and inventor (obstetrical forceps), born in Kortrijk, Flanders (d. 1730)
  • 1661 Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (d. 1723)
  • 1681 Jean Cavalier, French Huguenot chief of the Camisards, born in Ribaute, France (d. 1740)
  • 1700 Nathaniel Bliss, English 4th Astronomer Royal (1762-64), born in Bisley, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1764)
  • 1700 Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, Queen consort of Denmark and Norway (1730-46), born in Castle Schonberg, Bavaria (d. 1770)
  • 1704 Jacob Mossel, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1750-61), born in Enkhuizen, Dutch Republic (d. 1761)

Person of interestWilliam Blake

1757 William Blake, English poet and artist (Songs of Innocence & Experience), born in London, England (d. 1827)

Poet and Artist William Blake
Poet and Artist
William Blake
  • 1770 Princess Louise of Orange-Nassau, daughter of viceroy Willem V & Wilhelmina of Prussia, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1819)
  • 1772 Luke Howard, British manufacturing chemist and meteorologist (nomenclature system for clouds), born in London (d. 1864)
  • 1777 Augsut Kestner, German art collector and diplomat, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1853)
  • 1785 Victor de Broglie, 3rd Duke of Broglie, 14th Prime Minister of France (1835-36), born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1792 Victor Cousin, French philosopher and educational reformer, born in Paris (d. 1867)
  • 1805 John Stephens, American explorer and archaeologist (pivotal figure in the rediscovery of Maya civilization throughout Middle America), born in Shrewsbury, New Jersey (d. 1852)
  • 1810 William Froude, English engineer and naval architect, born in Devon, England (d. 1879)
  • 1811 Maximilian II of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Munich (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher (Communism), born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1820 Lawrence O'Bryan Branch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Enfield, North Carolina (d. 1862)
  • 1837 John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor who simplified the production of celluloid, born in Starkey, New York (d. 1920)
  • 1853 Helen Magill White, American educator and 1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in the U.S., born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1944)
  • 1854 Gottlieb Haberlandt, Austrian botanist, born in Mosonmagyaróvár (d. 1945)
  • 1857 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Madrid (d. 1885)
  • 1864 Carel Adolph Lion Cachet, Dutch lithographer and wood carver, born in Amsterdam (d. 1945)
  • 1864 James Allen, English writer (As a Man Thinketh), born in Leicester, England (d. 1912)
  • 1864 Lindley M. Garrison, American lawyer and 46th U.S. Secretary of War (1913-16), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1932)

Person of interestHenry Bacon

1866 Henry Bacon, American architect (Lincoln Memorial), born in Watseka, Illinois (d. 1924)

Architect Henry Bacon
Henry Bacon
  • 1878 Jozef van Mierlo, Belgian Jesuit and literary (Hadewych), born in Turnhout, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • 1880 Alexander Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1921)
  • 1880 Marinus van Meel, Dutch aviator and aircraft manufacturer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Stefan Zweig, Austrian poet, essayist and dramatist (Beware of Pity), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1942)
  • 1887 Ernst Röhm, German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler’s Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts), born in Munich (d. 1934)
  • 1891 Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist (48th Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court) and politician, born in Mandurriao, Iloilo, Captaincy General of the Philippines (d. 1949)

Person of interestBrooks Atkinson

1894 Brooks Atkinson, American drama critic (The New York Times), born in Melrose, Massachusetts (d. 1984)

Drama Critic Brooks Atkinson
Drama Critic
Brooks Atkinson
  • 1896 Dawn Powell, American writer (Turn, Magic Wheel), born in Mount Gilead, Ohio (d. 1965)
  • 1897 Uno Chiyo, Japanese writer (Confessions of Love), born in Iwakuni (d. 1996)
  • 1904 James Eastland, American politician (Sen-D-Miss 1943-68), born in Doddsville, Mississippi (d. 1986)
  • 1904 Nancy Mitford, English author (Love in a Cold Climate), one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 1973)
  • 1907 Alberto Moravia [Pincherle], Italian author (Indifferent Ones), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Arturo Frondizi, 35th President Argentina (1958-62), born in Paso de los Libres, Corrientes, Argentina (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Claude Lévi-Strauss, French social anthropologist and ethnologist (structuralism), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • 1909 Aleksandar Ranković, Yugoslavic partisan and 1st Vice President of Yugoslavia (1963-66), born in Draževac, Serbia (d. 1983)
  • 1911 Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator, born in Vodochody, Czech Republic (d. 1973)
  • 1912 Heinz Galinski, President (Central council for Jews in Germany), born in Marienburg, West Prussia, Germany (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Morris Louis, American painter (post painterly abstraction), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1962)
  • 1913 Hugo Pos, Surinamese-Dutch poet and writer, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 2000)
  • 1915 Evald Okas, Estonian painter, born in Talinn, Estonia (d. 2011)
  • 1916 Lilian Baels, Princess of Réthy, English 2nd wife of Belgian king Leopold III, born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1922 Helen Copley, American newspaper publisher (The San Diego Union-Tribune), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 2004)
  • 1923 Helen Delich Bentley, American politician (Rep-R-MD, 1985-95), born in Ruth, Nevada (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Phyllis Jenkins, literary & theatrical agent community activist
  • 1928 Edward LeBone Molotlegi, chief of the Bafokeng
  • 1928 Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist (Misery Index), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1980)
  • 1931 Dervla Murphy, Irish travel author (Full Tilt, In Ethiopia with a Mule), born in Lismore, Ireland
  • 1931 Rinus Ferdinandusse, Dutch editor and author (Nude on Fence), born in Goes, Netherlands
  • 1931 Thomas Enders, German business executive and diplomat, born in Bruchertseifen, Germany
  • 1933 Joe Knollenberg, (Rep-R-Michigan)
  • 1935 Randolph Stow, author/poet (Suburbs of Hell)
  • 1935 Prince Hitachi, Japanese royalty
  • 1936 Gary Hart, (Sen-D-Co, 1975-86)
  • 1942 Manolo Blahnik, Santa Cruz de La Palma Spain, shoe designer
  • 1944 Timothy Krajcir, American serial killer, born in West Mahanoy Township, Pennsylvania
  • 1946 Joe Dante, American film director (Matinee; Twilight Zone:The Movie; Police Squad; Gremlins), born in Morristown, New Jersey
  • 1946 Susan Spencer, American correspondent (48 Hours) [1946 approx], born in Memphis Tennessee
  • 1949 Victor Ostrovsky, Canadian/Israel, Mossad agent (By Way of Deception)
  • 1955 Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • 1958 Georges Rutaganda, Rwandan war criminal
  • 1959 R Glynn Holt, Plainveiw Texas, PhD/astronaut (STS 73 alt)
  • 1959 Stephen Roche, bicylist
  • 1960 John Galliano, Gibraltar, British fashion designer
  • 1964 Cornelia Guest, debutante (Debutante's Guide to Life)
  • 1965 Erwin Mortier, Belgian author
  • 1975 Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian writer
  • 1978 Ryan Leslie, American producer
  • 1981 Sharon Needles [Aaron Coady], American drag queen, recording artist and TV performer (RuPaul's Drag Race season 4 winner), born in Newton, Iowa

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1582 Playwright and poet William Shakespeare (18) marries Anne Hathaway (26) (date of the marriage license)

LoveWedding of Interest

1936 Australian paleo-anthropologist Raymond Dart (43) weds South African librarian Marjorie Gordon Frew

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Raymond Dart

LoveWedding of Interest

1938 Chinese politician Mao Zedong (44) weds Jiang Qing (24) in a small private ceremony

Communist and Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Communist and Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong

Deaths in History

  • 741 Syrian Catholic Pope Saint Gregory III
  • 1058 Kazimierz I Restaurator, duke of Poland (1034-58), dies
  • 1058 Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland, dies at 42
  • 1170 Owain Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd (c. 1100)
  • 1262 Shinran, founder of Japan's True Pure Land Buddhist sect, dies
  • 1290 Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I of England (b. 1241)
  • 1499 Edward Plantagenet, English, 17th Count of Warwick, last Plantagenet heir, beheaded for treason at 24
  • 1514 Hartmann Skull, German physician/historian (Skull's Liederbuch), dies
  • 1545 Jacob van Liesveld, printer/"heretic" (Refeyen), beheaded
  • 1559 Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer, dies at about 58
  • 1574 Georg Major, German Protestant theologian, dies at 72
  • 1590 Pierre de Loyseleur de Villiers, S Neth theologist, dies at about 60
  • 1641 Robert Dowland, English luitist/son of John Dowland, dies at about 50
  • 1667 Jean de Thévenot, French traveller and scientist (b. 1633)
  • 1675 Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
  • 1675 Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier (c. 1608)

Person of interestGian Lorenzo Bernini

1680 Gian Lorenzo [Giovanni] Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor, painter and architect (St. Peter's Baldachin), dies at 81

Baroque Sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • 1695 Anthony Wood, English antiquarian, dies at 62
  • 1698 Louis de Buade de Frontenac, French soldier and Governor General of New France, dies at 76
  • 1716 Gisbert Cuper, Dutch classicist and historian, dies at 72
  • 1785 William Whipple, merchant/judge/signer (US Declaration of Independence), dies at 55
  • 1788 Charles C of Nassau-Weilburg, governor of Maastricht, dies at about 53

Person of interestFriedrich Wilhelm von Steuben

1794 Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian-American military officer (major general of the Continental Army), dies at 64

Major General of the Continental Army Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
Major General of the Continental Army
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
  • 1801 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)
  • 1827 Dov Baer Schneersohn, Lubavitch leader/author (Imirei Binah), dies
  • 1852 Ludger Duvernay, French printer and newspaper publisher (b. 1799)

Person of interestWashington Irving

1859 Washington Irving, American author (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), dies of a heart attack at 76

  • 1867 John Drake Sloat, 1st Military Governor of California (Union Navy), dies at 86
  • 1870 Frédéric Bazille, French painter, dies at 28
  • 1872 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • 1876 Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist, dies at 84
  • 1878 Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
  • 1880 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese Roman Catholic Archbishop of Goa, dies at 43
  • 1898 Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, Swiss writer, dies at 73
  • 1899 Adrian the la Rey, son of South African general, dies in battle at 19
  • 1899 Robert Brank Vance, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina (1873-85), dies at 71
  • 1907 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, poet, painter, and architect (b. 1869)
  • 1912 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon, dies at 41
  • 1915 Luigi Capuana, Sicilian author and critic (C'era una Volta), dies at 76
  • 1915 Mubarak Al-Sabah "The Great", Emir of Kuwait (b. 1896)
  • 1916 Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African politician and President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), dies at 59
  • 1921 `Abdu'l-Bahá, Persian leader of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1844)
  • 1927 Arthur Wichmann, German/Dutch geologist (New Guinea), dies
  • 1927 C. E. A. Wichmann, German-Dutch geologist, dies at 76
  • 1928 Frank Friday Fletcher, American Naval Admiral (Medal of Order for Battle of Veracruz), dies at 73
  • 1940 Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer, literature historian and Prime Minister of Romania, murdered by fascist at 69
  • 1944 Bijnen, Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • 1944 Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25
  • 1944 Lode Zielens, Flemish author and journalist (Obscure Blood), dies at 43
  • 1947 Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, WW II hero (liberator of Paris), dies at 44

Person of interestEnrico Fermi

1954 Enrico Fermi, Italian-American nuclear physicist (Nobel 1938), dies of stomach cancer at 53

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • 1960 Richard Wright, American author (Native Son, Uncle Tom's Children), dies at 52

Person of interestWilhelmina of the Netherlands

1962 Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Queen of the Netherlands (1890-1948), dies at 82

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1964 Jan Fabricius, Dutch/English playwright (Dolle Hans), dies at 93
  • 1967 Léon M'ba, Gabonese politician and 1st president of Gabon (1961-67), dies at 65

Person of interestEnid Blyton

1968 Enid Blyton, English children's author (Noddy, Famous Five), dies at 71

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton
  • 1969 Elbert Frank Cox, African-American mathematician (first African-American to receive PhD in Mathematics), dies at 73
  • 1970 Fritz von Unruh, German writer, dies at 85
  • 1970 Jan Drda, Czech writer (Nema Barikada, Mestecko Na Dlani), dies at 55
  • 1971 Wasfi Tal, Jordan's PM, assassinated by Black Sept in Cairo
  • 1971 Grantley Herbert Adams, Premier of Barbados (1953-58) and Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation (1958-62), dies at 73
  • 1973 Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (b. 1886)
  • 1978 Antonio Vespucio Liberti, Argentine football executive (b. 1902)
  • 1982 Helen of Greece and Denmark, Queen Mother of Romania, dies at 86
  • 1984 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), dies at 87
  • 1985 Fernand Braudel, French historian (Civilization & Capitalism), dies at 83
  • 1987 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist prof (isolated growth hormones), dies at 74
  • 1992 June Joyce Lewis Fraser, entertainer, dies at 75
  • 1992 Roland Smeenk, Dutch cabaret performer, dies in a car accident at 35
  • 1992 Sidney Nolan, Australian painter and illustrator (Ned Kelly), dies at 75
  • 1993 Abu Rish, Palestinian PLO-leader, dies at 23
  • 1993 Khaled Moustapha Zir, Palestinian Hamas leader, shot to death at 25
  • 1994 Franfo Fortini [Franco Lattes], Italian poet, dies at 77

Person of interestJeffrey Dahmer

1994 Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (Milwaukee Cannibal), killed in prison at 34

Serial Killer Jeffrey Dahmer
Serial Killer
Jeffrey Dahmer
  • 1994 Jerry Rubin, US anti-war activist (Youth Party) and businessman, dies at 56
  • 1994 Vicente Enrique y Tarancon, Spanish cardinal, dies at 87
  • 1994 Ian Serraillier, English children's books author (The Silver Sword), dies at 82
  • 1998 Kerry Wendell Thornley, Co-founder of Discordianism, dies at 60
  • 1999 Bethel Leslie, American entertainer (Capt Newman MD, Rabbit Trap), dies at 70
  • 2000 Henry B. González, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Texas (1961-99), dies at 84
  • 2001 William Kienzle, American author (b. 1928)
  • 2001 William Reid, British aviator awarded the Victoria Cross (b. 1921)
  • 2003 Antonia Forest [Patricia Giulia Caulfield Kate Rubinstein], British children's author (The Marlows), dies at 88
  • 2006 Robert Volpe, Artist, Art Theft Detective (b.1942)
  • 2007 Gudrun Wagner, co-director of the Bayreuth Festival (b. 1944)
  • 2007 Boeli van Leeuwen, Antillian writer (Vreemdeling Op Aarde), dies at 85
  • 2009 Takeo Kajiwara, Japanese Go player (b. 1923)
  • 2010 Samuel T. Cohen, American physicist (b. 1921)
  • 2011 Ante Markovic, last Premier of Yugoslavia, dies at 87
  • 2013 Mitja Ribičič, Yugoslavian Prime Minister, dies at 94
  • 2015 Olene Walker, American politician (R), 1st female Governor of Utah (2003-2005), dies at 85
  • 2015 Janez Strnad, Slovenian physicist, and author (We Are Such Stuff As Dreams Are Made Of), dies at 81
  • 2016 William A. Christenberry, American photographer and artist, dies at 80
  • 2018 Thomas J.J. Altizer, US Radical theologian (God is Dead), dies at 91