On This Day

On This Day in History for November 30

Events in History

  • 306 St Marcellus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 722 Pope Gregory II names Boniface as missionary bishop

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1016 Cnut the Great [Canute], King of Denmark, claims the English throne after the death of Edmund 'Ironside'

King of England, Denmark and Norway Cnut the Great
King of England, Denmark and Norway
Cnut the Great
  • 1215 Pope Innocent III closes 4th council of Lateranen
  • 1406 Angelo Correr elected Pope Gregory XII

GermanyGerman Beer Purity Law

1487 The first German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is promulgated in Munich by Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops

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The German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot)
The German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot)
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  • 1523 Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1554 England reconciles with Pope Julius III

Counter-Reformation Pope Julius III
Counter-Reformation Pope
Julius III
  • 1630 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1648 English Parliamentary army captures King Charles I

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1678 Roman Catholics banned from English parliament

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1700 Battle at Narva: Swedish force of King Charles XII defeats Russian army [NS]

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII
  • 1700 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and IJsselstein go on Gregoria calendar
  • 1731 Beijing hit by an earthquake; about 100,000 die
  • 1735 States of Holland forbid Free Masonry
  • 1747 Dutch State of Zealand declare governorship hereditary for women

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1753 Benjamin Franklin receives the Godfrey Copley medal "on account of his curious Experiments and Observations on Electricity"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Captain James Cook begins 3rd and last trip to the Pacific

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1782 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1786 Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II promulgates a penal reform, making his the 1st state to abolish the death penalty. November 30 commemorated as Cities for Life Day.

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II
  • 1787 Spanish governor leaves the Philippines
  • 1803 Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • 1804 Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins
  • 1813 Prince Willem Frederik returns to Netherlands
  • 1824 First ground is broken at Allenburg for the building of the original Welland Canal
  • 1829 First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, 5 years to the day from the groundbreaking
  • 1838 Mexico declares war on France
  • 1861 Harper's Weekly publishes EE Beers' "All quiet along the Potomac"
  • 1863 Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas
  • 1864 Battle of Franklin, Tennessee: Confederate attack fails, 7,700 casualties
  • 1864 Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina (Broad River) 96 dead, 665 wounded
  • 1866 Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel in Chicago
  • 1868 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann finds the gold Mask of Agamemnon at Mycenae (modern Greece) "the Mona Lisa of prehistory" [1]

Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann
Heinrich Schliemann
  • 1886 First commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo, NY
  • 1886 The Folies Bergère stages its first revue
  • 1887 1st indoor softball game in Chicago

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1891 Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1900 A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles
  • 1900 The First Isthmian Canal Commission, appointed by the President having examined possible routes for a canal, issues its report favoring that through Nicaragua over the Panama route
  • 1902 American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang Kid Curry Logan sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor
  • 1907 Pike Place Market dedicated in Seattle
  • 1908 The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what becomes known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirm support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 British House of Lords rejects David Lloyd George's 'People's Budget', which tried to shift tax burden to the wealthy. Leads to the Parliament Act; intent to stop unelected house overruling will of the elected house.

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1915 St John Ervine's "John Ferguson" premieres in Dublin
  • 1916 Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1922 1st speed test of 1st genuine Japanese aircraft carrier Hosho

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1923 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • 1924 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)
  • 1924 French and Belgium troops withdrawn from their occupation of the Rurh

InventionHistoric Invention

1928 Vladimir K. Zworykin receives patent on Iconoscope TV system

  • 1931 His Master's Voice and Columbia Records merge into EMI
  • 1933 CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District
  • 1936 London's Crystal Palace (built 1851) destroyed by fire
  • 1938 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • 1938 Germany bans Jews being lawyers
  • 1939 Paul Osborn's "Mornings at 7" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki
  • 1941 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry makes its last run

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Japanese Emperor Hirohito consults with admirals Shimada and Nagano

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 142 allied ships this month (877,774 tons)
  • 1942 -Dec 1st: Sea battle at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German supply vessel Uckermark (formerly called the Altmark) explodes & sinks off Yokohama
  • 1944 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched
  • 1947 Day after UN decree for Israel, Jewish settlements attacked
  • 1948 Player-manager Lou Boudreau is selected AL MVP
  • 1948 Soviets set up a separate municipal government in East Berlin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1949 New Zealand general election won by Sidney Holland's National party, ousting Peter Fraser's Labour government

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser
New Zealand Prime Minister
Peter Fraser
  • 1949 Chinese Communists captured Chungking
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman threatens China with atom bomb
  • 1953 French parachutist under Colonel De Castries attacks Dien Bien Phu
  • 1953 Edward Mutesa II, kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda
  • 1954 Ann Hodges is bruised by a meteor at Sylacauga, Alabama in first modern instance of a meteorite striking a human
  • 1954 John Strydom succeeds D. F. Malan as premier of South Africa
  • 1955 Argentine government disbands Peronistic party
  • 1956 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

MurderAssassination Attempt

1957 Assassination attempt on Indonesian President Sukarno, kills 8

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1958 1st US guided missile destroyer launched - the Dewey at Bath Iron Works, Maine
  • 1960 French Senate condemns building own nuclear weapons
  • 1960 Tad Mosels "All the Way Home" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership
  • 1962 U Thant of Burma becomes the 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1963 Martin Walser's "Überlebensgross Herr Krott" premieres in Stuttgart
  • 1964 USSR launches Zond 2 towards Mars; no data returned
  • 1966 Barbados gains independence from Great Britain (National Day)
  • 1966 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Maryland
  • 1967 Julie Nixon and David Eisenhower announce their engagement
  • 1967 Kuria Muria Islands ceded by Britain to Oman
  • 1967 People's Democratic Republic of Yemen declares independence from the UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Senator Eugene McCarthy announces he will run for the US presidency on an anti-Vietnam war platform

Politician and Presidential Candidate Eugene McCarthy
Politician and Presidential Candidate
Eugene McCarthy
  • 1967 The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who becomes its first Chairman later as the Head of state and Head of government after the 1971 Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in Armagh is stopped by Royal Ulster Constabulary because of the presence of a Loyalist counter demonstration led by Ian Paisley and Ronald Bunting

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The government of the Republic of Ireland states that it will take the allegations of brutality against the security forces in Northern Ireland to the European Court of Human Rights
  • 1972 Illegal fireworks factory explodes killing 15 in Rome, Italy
  • 1973 Firestone Professional Bowling World Tournament of Champions won by Jim Godman
  • 1975 Dahomey renamed People's Republic of Benin
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Birthdays in History

Person of interestGregory of Tours

538 St Gregory of Tours, Gallo-Roman chronicler and bishop (Historia Francorum), born in Auvergne, Gaul (d. 594)

Chronicler/Bishop Gregory of Tours
Gregory of Tours
  • 1340 John, Duke of Berry, French art collector and third son of King John II of France and Bonne of Luxemburg, born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1416)
  • 1364 John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)
  • 1373 Ferdinand I the Righteous, King of Aragon and Sicily, born in Medina del Campo (d. 1416)
  • 1427 Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland (1447-92), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1492)
  • 1466 Andrea Doria, Genoese statesman and admiral, born in Oneglia, Duchy of Milan (d. 1560)
  • 1485 Veronica Gambara, Italian poet, born in Pralboino, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1550)
  • 1498 Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friar, sail-captain and explorer, born in Ordizia, Gipuzkoa, Crown of Castile (d. 1568)
  • 1508 Andrea Palladio [Andrea di Pietro della Gondola], Italian architect (Il Redentore, Venice), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1580)
  • 1554 Philip Sidney, English Elizabethan era poet (Arcadia) and soldier, born in Penshurst, Kent, England (d. 1586)
  • 1594 John Cosin, English clergyman, born in Norwich, Norfolk, England (d. 1672)
  • 1602 Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician, born in Magdeburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1686)
  • 1622 Thomas of Apshoven, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp
  • 1625 Jean Domat, French jurist, born in Clermont, Auvergne (d. 1696)
  • 1637 Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French ecclesiastical historian, born in Paris (d. 1698)

Person of interestJonathan Swift

1667 Jonathan Swift, Irish author and satirist (Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1745)

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1670 John Toland, Irish rationalist philosopher, born in Ardagh, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1722)
  • 1683 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1744)
  • 1699 Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway, born in Copenhagen Castle, Denmark (d. 1746)
  • 1719 Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by marriage to Frederick, Prince of Wales, born in Gotha, Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Germany (d. 1772)
  • 1722 Théodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1761)
  • 1723 William Livingston, American politician and 1st revolutionary Governor of New Jersey, born in Albany, Province of New York (d. 1790)
  • 1726 Jacques Aliamet, French etcher and engraver, born in Abbeville, France (d. 1788)
  • 1768 Jędrzej Śniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist (creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry), born in Żnin, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1838)
  • 1781 Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon and adventurer (established the first European settlement on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia), born in Hilltarvit Mains Farmhouse, Cupar, Fife, Scotland(d. 1873)
  • 1810 Oliver Winchester, American politician and rifle maker (Winchester Repeating Arms Company), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1813 Hermann Kurz, German poet and novelist (Schillers Heimatjahre), born in Reutlingen, Germany (d. 1873)
  • 1813 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), born in Paris (d. 1890)

Person of interestTheodor Mommsen

1817 Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Imperial Lives, Nobel Prize in Literature 1902), born in Garding, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1903)

Historian Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen
  • 1821 Gustavus Woodson Smith, American Major General (Confederate States Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1896)
  • 1821 Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Levkás, Greece (d. 1902)
  • 1826 George Washington Deitzler, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Pine Grove, Pennsylvania (d. 1884)
  • 1827 Henri Ernest Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants), born in Calais, France (d. 1895)
  • 1828 Jedediah Hotchkiss, American topographer and cartographer, born in Windsor, New York (d. 1899)

Person of interestMark Twain

1835 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn), born in Florida, Missouri (d. 1910)

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • 1836 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, born in Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1882)
  • 1840 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman and founder of Henri Birks and Sons, born in Montreal, Lower Canada (d. 1928)
  • 1843 József Kiss, Hungarian literary (Zsido Dalok), born in Mezőcsát, Hungary (d. 1921)
  • 1855 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, born in Voorschoten, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • 1858 Jagadish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist, polymath and writer, born in Munshiganj, British India (d. 1937)
  • 1861 Franz Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • 1863 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1897)

Person of interestGustaf Dalén

1869 [Nils] Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), born in Stenstorp, Sweden (d. 1937)

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • 1870 Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1948)

Person of interestJohn McCrae

1872 John McCrae, Canadian physician, soldier and poet (In Flanders Fields), born in Guelph, Ontario (d. 1918)

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae

Person of interestWinston Churchill

1874 Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1940-45, 1951-55) during World War II, and writer (Nobel Prize in Literature, 1953), born in Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1965)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Person of interestLucy Maud Montgomery

1874 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), born in Clifton, Prince Edward Island (d. 1942)

Person of interestAlbert Kesselring

1885 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire (d. 1960)

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring
  • 1889 Edgar Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932-function of neurons), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1977)
  • 1890 Oege Bakker, Dutch economist
  • 1900 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literature/art historian
  • 1903 Germaine Emilie Madame Gres Krebs, haute Couturist
  • 1904 Clyfford Still, American abstract painter
  • 1906 Marina, princess of Greece/Denmark/husband of English prince George
  • 1907 Jacques Barzun, French author (The House of Intellect), born in Créteil, France (d. 2012)
  • 1915 Angier Biddle Duke, American diplomat and the youngest American ambassador in history, born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Henry Taube, chemist (Nobel 1983)
  • 1919 Anne S Wadman, Frisian literary (Fioele & faem, Smearlappen)
  • 1919 Jan Elburg [Joannes G], Dutch poet (Through the Night)

Person of interestShirley Chisholm

1924 Shirley Chisholm, 1st African American Congresswoman (Rep-D-NY) and presidential candidate, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)

1st Black Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm
1st Black Congresswoman
Shirley Chisholm
  • 1927 Odvar Nordli, 21st Prime Minister of Norway (Labour: 1976-81), born in Tangen, Norway (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Chic Hecht, (Sen-R-NV, 1983- )
  • 1930 G. Gordon Liddy, Watergate felon and radio host, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2021)
  • 1930 William H Dana, test pilot (X-15), born in Pasadena, California
  • 1932 David Lightbown, British politician and government whip
  • 1932 Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1933 Linwood C Ivey, NC, (Mayor-Garysburg NC)
  • 1934 Lansana Conté, Guinean politician, born in Dubreka, Guinea (d. 2008)
  • 1936 Abbie Hoffman, aka Free, Yippie/activist/author (Steal this Book)
  • 1936 Michael Jinks, child care pioneer
  • 1937 Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese Writer
  • 1940 Glenn English, (Rep-D-OK, 1975- )
  • 1945 Michael Joyce, Irish stage manager and theatre director, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1994)
  • 1946 Marina Abramović, Serbian American performance artist, born in Belgrade, Serbia

Person of interestDavid Mamet

1947 David Mamet, American playwright (Speed the Plow, House of Games), born in Chicago, Illinois

Playwright David Mamet
David Mamet
  • 1947 Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet
  • 1949 Arthur Lee Washington Jr, murderer (FBI Most Wanted), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey
  • 1951 Christian Bernard, mystic
  • 1952 Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1953 Mike Espy, (Rep-D-Mississippi)
  • 1955 Richard Burr, American politician
  • 1957 Joël Champetier, French Canadian author
  • 1958 Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
  • 1959 Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • 1962 Daniel Keys Moran, American writer
  • 1965 Lee Klein, American Writer
  • 1965 Prince Akishino of Japan
  • 1966 Wil Mara, American author
  • 1971 Kristi Noem, American politician, Governor of South Dakota (2019-), born in Watertown, South Dakota
  • 1976 Cypher Zero, American circus innovator (New York Circus Arts)
  • 1978 Emil Steiner, American writer

Weddings in History

  • 1973 Sci-fi author Issac Asimov (53) weds second wife psychoanalyst and Sci-fi author Janet Jeppson (47)
  • 1996 Multimillionaire and top-selling female suspense novelist Mary Higgins Clark (67) weds Merrill Lynch Futures retired CEO John Conheeney (67) in Saddle River, New Jersey

Deaths in History

  • 1016 Edmund II, Ironsides, King of the Saxons (1016), dies at 27
  • 1519 Michael Wolgemut, German painter (Weltchronik), dies at about 85
  • 1528 Great Wierd, Dutch Gelderland army commander, beheaded
  • 1603 William Gilbert, English physician and physicist (researcher into magnetism), dies probably of the plague at 59
  • 1631 Rabbi Samuel Eliezer ben Judah ha-levi Edels, dies
  • 1646 John C Lichthart, admiral (Cape Augustine), dies at about 45
  • 1654 John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar, dies at 69
  • 1675 Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
  • 1678 Andries de Graeff, mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71), dies at 67
  • 1679 Pieter van Schooten, Dutch mathematician/fort architect, dies at 45
  • 1694 Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician who founded the science of microscopic anatomy, dies at 66
  • 1700 Artus Quellinus II, Flemish sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1705 Catherine of Braganza, Portuguese Roman Catholic Queen of Charles II of England, dies at 67
  • 1761 John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, dies at 55
  • 1765 George Glas, British merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)
  • 1786 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), dies of typhus at 40
  • 1830 Pius VIII [Francesco Saverio Castiglioni], Italian 253rd Pope (1829-30), dies at 69
  • 1836 Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer (fluid mechanics), dies at 71
  • 1837 Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary, dies at 50
  • 1841 Charles Louis W J van Keverberg, Dutch government official, dies at 73
  • 1864 Hiram Bronson Granbury, Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • 1864 John Adams, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at about 39
  • 1864 Otto French Strahl, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • 1864 Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • 1878 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe), dies at 61
  • 1893 Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian, dies at 68
  • 1894 Joseph E. Brown, American attorney and politician (42nd Governor of Georgia), dies at 73
  • 1897 Abraham Carel Wertheim, Dutch banker and philanthropist, dies at 64

Person of interestOscar Wilde

1900 Oscar Wilde, Irish playwright and novelist (Importance of Being Earnest), dies in Paris at 46

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1901 Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica), dies at 86
  • 1909 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and translator, dies at 53 [NS=Dec 13]
  • 1930 Mother [Mary Harris] Jones, American labor organizer (cofounded Industrial Workers of the World), dies at 93
  • 1933 Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (fought in WWI), dies at 57
  • 1934 Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (b. 1908)
  • 1935 Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet and writer (The Book of Disquiet), dies at 47
  • 1938 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), dies at 39
  • 1944 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79

Person of interestAlbert B. Fall

1944 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

US Senator Albert B. Fall
US Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1958 Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1972 Neil H McElroy, soap manufacturer/minister of Defense (1957-59), dies

Person of interestTerence Rattigan

1977 Terence Rattigan, British playwright (Winslow Boy, Browning Version), dies at 66

Playwright Terence Rattigan
Terence Rattigan
  • 1977 Miloš Crnjanski, Serbian poet (Seobe), dies at 84
  • 1983 Richard Llewellyn, Welsh novelist (How Green Was My Valley), dies at 76
  • 1987 Arthur H Dean, lawyer/advisor to FDR, dies at 89

Person of interestJames Baldwin

1987 James Baldwin, American novelist (Go Tell it on Mountain, Another Country) and playwright (The Amen Corner), dies at 63

Novelist and Playwright James Baldwin
Novelist and Playwright
James Baldwin
  • 1987 Simon Carmiggelt, journalist/literary (Kronkel), dies at 74
  • 1989 Alfred Herrhausen, German CEO (Deutsche Bank), murdered at 59
  • 1990 Hilde Spiel, Austrian writer, dies at 78
  • 1990 Norman Cousins, editor (Saturday Review), dies at 75
  • 1993 Bob Wolf, agent (New Kids on the Block, Larry Bird), dies
  • 1993 Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (b. 1924)
  • 1994 Guy Debord, situationist, dies at 63
  • 1995 June Rosemary Thorndycraft, teacher and trade unionist, dies at 66
  • 1996 Koji Kobayashi, industrialist, dies at 89
  • 1997 Clare Lucy Madeleine Evans, historian, dies at 37
  • 1997 Kathy Acker, American experimental novelist (Blood and Guts in High School), dies at 54
  • 1997 Ronald Gulliford, English educationalist (Dean of the Faculty of Education, Birmingham University 1979-81), dies at 76
  • 2006 Rafael Buenaventura, Former BSP Governor (b. 1938)

Person of interestEvel Knievel

2007 Evel Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil (Snake River Canyon), dies of pulmonary disease at 69

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel
  • 2007 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist, dies at 59
  • 2008 Naomi Datta, British geneticist and bacteriologist (pioneer in investigating the development of resistance to antibiotics by bacteria), dies at 86
  • 2010 Rajiv Dixit, Indian scientist and Swadeshi movement figure (b. 1967)
  • 2010 Faye Wright, American spiritual figure (b. 1914)
  • 2010 Garry Gross, American photographer (b. 1937)
  • 2011 Leka, Crown Prince of Albania, referred to as King Leka I by Albanian monarchists (b. 1939)
  • 2011 William L. Waller, American politician and ex-Governor of Mississippi, dies at 85
  • 2012 I. K. [Inder Kumar] Gujral, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1997-98), dies at 92
  • 2013 Paul Crouch, American televangelist (Trinity Broadcasting Network), dies at 79
  • 2013 John Zochonis, British industrialist (PZ Cussons) and philanthropist, dies at 84
  • 2014 Fred Catherwood, British politician, Vice President of the European Parliament (1989-1992), dies at 89
  • 2014 Go Seigen [Wu Qingyuan], Chinese-born Japanese Go master considered the greatest Go player in the 20th century, dies of natural causes at 100
  • 2015 Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Manga artist (GeGeGe no Kitarō), dies at 93
  • 2015 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist, dies at 97

Person of interestMarina Popovich

2017 Marina Popovich, Soviet Air Force colonel, engineer and test pilot (102 world records), dies at 86

Person of interestGeorge H. W. Bush

2018 George H. W. Bush, 41st US President (R, 1989-93) and 43rd US Vice President (R, 1981-89), dies at 94

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush