On This Day in History for November 4

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 137

  • 922 Richarius becomes bishop of Luik
  • 1333 Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
  • 1501 Philip de Blank & Juana "la Loca" depart to Spain
  • 1519 Flood ravages Dutch/Friese coast
  • 1520 Danish Norwegian king Christian II crowned King of Sweden
  • 1529 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey arrested on charges of treason
  • 1576 Eighty Years' War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp
  • 1619 Frederick V crowned king of Bohemia
  • 1631 Ferdinand of Austria installed as land guardian of South Netherlands

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1645 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Hulst

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1646 Massachusetts uses death penalty for denying that Holy Bible is God's word
  • 1675 Storm hits Western Europe: flood in Amsterdam
  • 1737 The Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, inaugurated.
  • 1771 Carlo Goldoni's "Le Bourru Bienfaisant" premieres in Paris
  • 1819 Māori Chiefs Hongi Hika and Rewa sell 13,000 acres (5260 hectares) at Kerikeri to the Church Missionary Society for 48 felling axes, New Zealand
  • 1839 The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain
  • 1841 First wagon train arrives in California
  • 1845 First nationally observed uniform election day in US
  • 1846 Benjamin Palmer patents artificial leg
  • 1852 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy
  • 1854 Lighthouse built on Alcatraz Island

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1856 James Buchanan elected 15th US president

15th US President James Buchanan
15th US President
James Buchanan
  • 1861 University of Washington founded in Seattle
  • 1862 Dr Richard Gatling patents Gatling machine gun in Indianapolis
  • 1864 Confederate assault on Johnsonville, Tennessee
  • 1864 Naval Engagement at Reynoldsburg Island
  • 1866 Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
  • 1867 90 kegs of powder used to get rock from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, for seawall
  • 1873 Dentist John Beers of San Franciso patents the gold crown
  • 1874 Samuel J Tilden elected governor of NY
  • 1875 Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery, Washington, 236 die
  • 1875 Tonga adopts constitution
  • 1875 Massachusetts Rifle Association is founded in Boston
  • 1879 African American inventor Thomas Elkins patents refrigerating apparatus
  • 1879 James Ritty patents first cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his saloon in Dayton, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1884 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G. Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term (only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1886 Edward MacDowell's "Ophelia" premieres
  • 1890 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
  • 1890 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • 1893 British South Africa Company troops under Dr Jamesons occupy Bulawayo, Matabeleland
  • 1901 Clyde Fitch's "Way of the World" premieres in NYC
  • 1903 Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
  • 1904 First stadium built specifically for football (Harvard Stadium)
  • 1905 Dock strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
  • 1910 Start of South Africa's 1st F-C game in Aust (v S Aust). It rained

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1910 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East

Tsar Nicholas II
Nicholas II
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1911 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco & Congo
  • 1918 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 The Sturmabteilung or SA (the "Brown Shirts") is formally established by Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1921 Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1922 Howard Carter discovers tomb of Tutankhamun in Egypt

Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun
Howard Carter

  • 1924 Nellie Tayloe Ross elected first US female governor (Wyoming)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1924 Calvin Coolidge is elected to a full term as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John W. Davis

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Stanley Baldwin becomes Britain's Prime Minister for a second time after a landslide victory over Ramsay MacDonald's Labour Party

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1928 Jose Moncada elected president of Nicaragua

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 US gangster Arnold Rothstein is shot at a business meeting for reputedly refusing to pay gambling debts (dies 6th November)

Businessman, Gambler, and Mobster Arnold Rothstein
Businessman, Gambler, and Mobster
Arnold Rothstein
  • 1929 John Baldridge's "Berkeley Square" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould and their polar expedition team begin a 2½ month, 1500-mile dog-sledge journey into the Queen Maud Mountains. The first exploration of the interior of Antarctica.

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • 1931 Jean Genet's "Judith" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Hermann Goering & Georgi Dimitrov duel

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933 Young Park (1) in the Bronx named in honor of James Young
  • 1939 First air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1939 US allows "cash & carry" arms sales during WW II
  • 1940 Eggs & cake rationed in Netherlands
  • 1942 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afrika Korps draws back
  • 1944 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • 1944 RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
  • 1946 United Nations Educational, Scientific, & Cultural Organization (UNESCO) formed

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1948 American-born British poet T. S. Eliot wins Nobel Prize for literature

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • 1949 "One Man's Family" premieres on TV
  • 1950 Indonesian troops reconquer Ambon
  • 1950 US troops vacate Pyongyang North Korea
  • 1952 Earthquake & flood strike Kamshatka-South America

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1952 Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US Politician and Presidential Candidate Adlai Stevenson II
US Politician and Presidential Candidate
Adlai Stevenson II
  • 1953 Eddie Joost succeeds Jimmy Dykes as the manager of Philadelphia A's
  • 1954 Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
  • 1956 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1957 2nd Soviet Earth-satellite launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli crowned as pope John XXIII

  • 1958 Belgian minority government of Gaston Eyskens resigns
  • 1958 Democrats win US congressional election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Mary Leakey and Louis Leakey discover first Homo habilis jaw fragments (OH 7) at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Mary Leakey
Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey
  • 1961 Konstantinos Karamanlis becomes premier of Greece
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1965 Lee Breedlove sets female land speed record (308.56 MPH) in Utah
  • 1966 Flooding of Arno River (Italy) destroys countless art works, kills 113
  • 1968 Battles between Jordanian army & Al Fatah-arm forces

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill meets British Prime Minister Harold Wilson for talks on Northern Ireland; Wilson states no change of constitutional position of Northern Ireland possible without consent of the its people

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1970 Russian nuclear physicist Sacharov forms Human Rights Comittee
  • 1970 Genie, a 13 year old feral child found in Los Angeles, California, having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.
  • 1972 Bangladesh adopts constitution
  • 1973 Thousands commemorate former Greek premier Georgios Papandreou
  • 1973 Mark Medoff's "When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder?" premieres in NYC
  • 1973 The Netherlands experiences the first Car Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are solely used by cyclists and roller skaters.
  • 1977 UN Security council proclaims weapon embargo against South Africa
  • 1978 Iranian troops fire on anti-Shah student protesters by Tehran U
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Battle of InterestIran Hostage Crisis

1979 500 Iranian students loyal to Ayatollah Khomeini seize the US Embassy in Tehran, taking 90 hostages for 444 days
More >>

  • 1980 Libyan invasion in Chad

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1980 Republican candidate Ronald Reagan is elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent Democrat US President Jimmy Carter by a landslide

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Birthdays in History

  • 1448 King Alphonso II of Naples (d. 1495)
  • 1575 Guido Reni, Italian painter (d. 1642)
  • 1590 Gerard van Honthorst, Dutch painter
  • 1631 Mary, 1st British Princess Royal and the Princess of Orange, born in St. James's Palace, London (d. 1660)
  • 1661 Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (d. 1742)
  • 1740 Augustus Montague Toplady, English author of hymn "Rock of Ages" (d. 1778)
  • 1756 Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner
  • 1765 Pierre Girard, French mathematician (d. 1836)
  • 1779 John W Pieneman, historical painter (Battle at Waterloo)
  • 1790 Carlos A Lopez, president of Paraguay (1844-62)
  • 1797 Aleksander A Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author
  • 1809 Benjamin Robbins Curtis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1874)
  • 1812 Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian/East poet (Lettere a Maria)
  • 1816 William Polk Hardeman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1898)
  • 1816 Stephen Johnson Field, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1899)
  • 1818 Alexander Robert Lawton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1820 Robert Vinkler Richardson, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Granville County, North Carolina (d. 1870)
  • 1835 Lunsford Lindsay Lomax, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1913)
  • 1836 Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman and sawmill partner (d. 1912)
  • 1842 William Barker Cushing, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • 1845 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, The First Indian Revolutionary (d. 1883)
  • 1862 Eden Phillpotts, English novelist/poet/playwright (Red Madymaynes)
  • 1867 Tomasz Arciszewski, Polish Prime Minister 1944-47
  • 1873 G E Moore, English philosopher (Ethics)
  • 1874 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)
  • 1876 James Fraser, designed buffalo nickel
  • 1881 Milton Rosmer, Southport England, director (Murder in the Red Barn)
  • 1884 Henry George "Harry" Ferguson, Irish aviator, engineer and inventor (Modern tractor), born in County Down, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1890 Klabund, [Alfred Henschke], German writer (Bracke, Borgia)
  • 1896 Carlos P. Garcia, 8th President of the Philippines (d. 1971)
  • 1899 Carlos Pellicer, Mexican museum director/poet (Teotihuacan)
  • 1900 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
  • 1901 Princess Bang-ja of Korea (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • 1904 Walter Bauer, German Canadian writer, born in Merseburg (d. 1976)
  • 1904 Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist (d. 1967)
  • 1905 Martin Raschke, German author/publisher/war correspondent
  • 1906 Roswell Leavitt Gilpatric, lawyer/diplomat
  • 1908 Stanley Cortez, American cinematographer, born in NYC, New York
  • 1908 Joseph Rotblat, Polish Physicist, Nobel Peace Prize 1995, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Evelyn Johnson, Corbin Kentucky, female pilot (most flying hours - 57,685), (d. 2012)
  • 1912 Pauline Trigere, fashion designer (Bell Bottoms)
  • 1914 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala (1954-57), born in Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa, Guatemala (d. 1957)
  • 1915 Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science
  • 1915 Lloyd James Austin, French Scholar
  • 1916 Ruth Handler [née Mosko], American toy manufacturer (invented the Barbie doll), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • 1916 John Basilone, US Marine (Medal of Honor at the Battle for Henderson Field), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1945)
  • 1920 Georges Papy, Belgian mathematician (Numbers Game)
  • 1923 Alfred Heineken, beer brewer (Heineken)
  • 1928 Hannah Weiner American experimental poet, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1997)
  • 1931 Bernard Francis Law, disgraced American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (1982-2002), born in Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 2017
  • 1932 Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Judith Herzberg, Dutch poetess/author (Charlotte Life or Theater)
  • 1936 Didier Ratsiraka, president of Madagascar
  • 1936 Charles Kenneth "C K" Williams, American poet and translator (Pulitzer prize 2000), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2015)
  • 1943 Marlene Jobert, novelist (Adventures of John Difool)
  • 1946 Robert Mapplethorpe, US photographer
  • 1946 Laura Bush, U.S. First Lady 2001-09
  • 1946 Frederick Elmes, American cinematographer
  • 1950 Markie Post, [Marjorie], actress (Christine-Night Court), born in Palo Alto, California
  • 1950 Charles Frazier, American author
  • 1951 Traian Băsescu, President of Romania
  • 1953 Carlos Gutierrez, American politician
  • 1953 Dr. Marvel Williamson, American educator
  • 1955 Matti Vanhanen, Prime Minister of Finland
  • 1957 Tony Abbott, Australian Prime Minister (2013-15), born in London, England
  • 1958 Anne Sweeney, American television executive
  • 1960 Kathy Griffin, American comedienne (Suddenly Susan, Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1960 Marc Awodey, American artist and writer
  • 1963 Wang Shu, Chinese Architect, born in Ürümqi, Xinjiang
  • 1966 H. John Heinz IV, American medieval armor craftsman; son of Teresa Heinz
  • 1975 Eduard Kokcharov, Russian handball player

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1842 U.S. first lady Mary Todd Lincoln (23) weds US President Abraham Lincoln (33) in Springfield, Illinois

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1911 Charles I of Austria marries Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma
  • 2006 Croatian princess Paola Doimi de Frankopan (37) weds son of the Duke and Duchess of Kent Lord Nicholas Windsor (37) at St. Stephen of Abyssina in Vatican City

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1940 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway divorces 2nd wife Pauline Pfeiffer

  • 1993 Nia Peeples files for divorce from Howard Hewett

Deaths in History

  • 1203 Dirk VII, Count of Holland (1190-1203), dies
  • 1411 Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxonia (b. 1384)
  • 1652 Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (b. 1597)
  • 1658 Antoine Le Maistre, French Jansenist (b. 1608)
  • 1669 Johannes Cocceius, Dutch theologian (b. 1603)
  • 1674 Kano Tanjoe, Japanese painter (palaces, portraits), dies at 72
  • 1698 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, dies at 73
  • 1702 John Benbow, English vice-admiral (Santa Marta), dies
  • 1704 Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)
  • 1768 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist, philosopher and astronomer, dies at 57
  • 1781 Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (Die Mädcheninsel), dies at 60
  • 1801 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress, dies at 89
  • 1830 Frederic de Merode, Belgian revolutionary, dies in battle at 37
  • 1837 Jean-Louis-Marc Alibert, French dermatologist, dies at 69
  • 1850 Gustav Schwab, German writer, dies at 58
  • 1856 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter, dies at 62
  • 1869 George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
  • 1890 Jacob PP baron van Zuylen, Dutch foreign minister (1852-3), dies at 74
  • 1893 Cornelis Eliza van Koetsveld, Dutch writer and preacher, dies at 86
  • 1893 Pierre Tirard, French politician (b. 1827)
  • 1906 John H. Ketcham, American politician (b. 1832)
  • 1908 Tomés Estrada Palma, 1st president Cuba (1902-06), dies
  • 1914 Georg Trakl, writer, dies at 27
  • 1918 Wilfred Owens, anti-war poet (Anthem for doomed youth), dies at 25
  • 1918 Andrew Dickson White, American historian and educator, 1st President of Cornell University, dies at 85
  • 1921 Takasji Hara, premier of Japan, murdered
  • 1924 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1843)

Person of interestManuel Azaña

1940 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), dies of a heart attack at 60 while in exile in France

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1942 Marcel Barger, [Streliskie], cabaret performer, killed in Auschwitz
  • 1954 Stig H Dagerman, Swedish author (Burned Child), dies at 31
  • 1957 Shoghi Effendi, Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1897)
  • 1968 Paul JM Lindemans, Flemish agricultural engineer/author, dies at 78
  • 1968 Michel Kikoine, Belarusian painter (b. 1892)
  • 1969 Carlos Marighela, Brazilian guerilla, dies in battle
  • 1973 Karl H Waggerl, Austria author (Green Friends), dies at 75
  • 1974 Edgar Fernhout, Dutch painter/son of Charley Toorop, dies at 62
  • 1980 Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer, 1st female in Canada to get bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, dies at 75
  • 1986 Kurt Hirsch, German mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1987 Raphael Soyer, Russian-born American artist (Depression scenes in NYC), dies at 87
  • 1993 Basuki Abdullah, Indonesian painter, murdered at 78
  • 1993 Cornelis T "Cor" van de Molen, Dutch journalist (Beehive), dies at 62
  • 1993 Ely A Landau, producer (Long Day's Journey), dies of stroke at 73
  • 1993 Jose L Guarner, Spanish movie reviewer, dies at 56
  • 1994 Alexander Hardie Williamson, artist, dies at 87
  • 1994 Sam Francis, US painter (Basel Mural), dies at about 71
  • 1994 Sam Francis, American painter, dies at 71
  • 1995 Gilles Deleuze, philosopher, dies at 70

Person of interestYitzhak Rabin

1995 Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel (1974-77 and 1992-95) and 1994 Nobel Peace Prize winner, assassinated by Jewish extremist Yigal Amir at 73

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1996 Robert Rapoport, social anthropologist, dies at 72
  • 1997 George Chambers, PM of Trinidad & Tobago (1981-86), dies at 69
  • 1999 Charles Wintour, English editor (The Evening Standard), dies at 82
  • 2003 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (b. 1923)
  • 2003 Charles Causley, Cornish writer and poet (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Nadia Anjuman, Afghan poet and journalist (b. 1980)
  • 2006 Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American author (Cheaper by the Dozen), dies at 98
  • 2006 Frank Arthur Calder, Canadian politician (b. 1915)

Person of interestMichael Crichton

2008 Michael Crichton, American author, dies at 66

  • 2008 Juan Camilo Mouriño, Mexican Secretary of the Interior (b. 1971)
  • 2009 Hubertus Brandenburg, Roman Catholic Bishop of Stockholm (b. 1923)
  • 2010 Eugénie Blanchard, French supercentenarian (b. 1896)