On This Day

On This Day in History for November 5

Events in History

  • 1228 Wu MeKuan, a collection of 48 Zen koans, compiled in China
  • 1414 Council of Constance (16th ecumenical council) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus 1st learns about growing and harvesting maize (corn) from Cuba's indigenous population

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1499 Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier (Brittany). Breton-French-Latin dictionary written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc was first Breton and French dictionary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1500 -6th Nov astronomer Copernicus observes a lunar eclipse in Rome

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1530 St Felix Flood ravages Dutch coast and destroys the city of Reimerswaal in the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556 Akbar (14) succeeds his father Humajun as Sultan of Delhi

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar
  • 1556 Second Battle of Panipat: Hindu Emperor of north India Hem Chandra Vikramaditya defeated by forces of Mughal Emperor Akbar, who captures and later beheads Hem Chandra

400 Years of Celebration After Plotters Fail to Kill a King400 Years of Celebration After Plotters Fail to Kill a King

1605 Gunpowder Plot: Catholic conspirator Guy Fawkes attempts to blow up King James I and the British Parliament. Plot discovered, Guy Fawkes caught, tortured and later executed along with seven others. Celebrated ever since as Guy Fawkes Day, where his effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire, accompanied by fireworks.

Read Article
Guy Fawkes by Charles Gogin, painted 1870. York Museums Trust.
Guy Fawkes by Charles Gogin, painted 1870. York Museums Trust.
Read Article
  • 1630 Spain & England sign peace treaty
  • 1639 First post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts
  • 1678 Brandenburgse troops occupy Greifswald in Sweden
  • 1725 Spain & Austria sign secret treaty

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1740 The third volume of philosopher David Hume's seminal work "A Treatise of Human Nature" is published by Thomas Longman

Philosopher David Hume
Philosopher
David Hume
  • 1743 Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle
  • 1757 Battle at Rossbach (7 year war/French & Indian War)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1773 John Hancock is elected as moderator at a Boston town meeting that resolves that anyone who supports the Tea Act is an "Enemy to America"

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1780 French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle
  • 1781 John Hanson elected first "President of US in Congress assembled"
  • 1789 Fleeing slaves under Bonni attack military post on Suriname
  • 1789 French National Meeting declares all citizens equal under law
  • 1811 El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence
  • 1838 Honduras declares independence of Central American Federation
  • 1854 Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Ambrose Burnside replaces McClellen as head of Army of Potomac

Union General, Politician and Industrialist Ambrose Burnside
Union General, Politician and Industrialist
Ambrose Burnside
  • 1862 Battle at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia: 51 casualties

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1872 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1876 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Nyangwe

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1881 French government-Ferry resigns
  • 1881 1,600 police and volunteers attack Māori settlement at Parihaka in western Taranaki which had become the symbol of protest against the confiscation of Māori land, New Zealand
  • 1882 Bedrich Smetana's "Ma Vlast" premieres
  • 1883 Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army
  • 1889 Louisa Woosley first women to be ordained as a minister in any Presbyterian denomination (US Cumberland Presbyterian Church).
  • 1894 Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki

  • 1894 Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegel" premieres
  • 1895 1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) for gasoline driven car
  • 1895 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • 1895 US state Utah accepts female suffrage

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1898 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Fuhrmann Henschel" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1900 Under US military control since the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Cuba now calls its own constitutional convention
  • 1911 Italy attacks Turkish North-Africa (Libya), takes Tripoli & Cyrenaica
  • 1911 Calbraith Rodgers arrives in Pasadena completing 1st transcontinental airplane flight (49 days) (left Sheepshead Bay, NY, Sept 17)
  • 1912 Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
  • 1912 Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1912 Democrat candidate Woodrow Wilson is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican incumbent William Howard Taft and Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1913 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
  • 1914 Britain declares war on Turkey and annexes Cyprus, occupied since 1878; the immediate reason is to keep it from being taken by Turkey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Joseph I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I
  • 1916 Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage
  • 1916 The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.
  • 1917 Gen Pershing & US troops see action on Western Front for 1st time
  • 1917 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Louisville, Kentucky, ordinance requiring backs & whites to live in separate areas
  • 1921 Soviet Russia signs a treaty with Mongolia, temporarily supporting the new government against China and Japanese incursions
  • 1922 Demonstration for a Dutch University in Ghent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Mussolini disbands Italian socialist parties

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1930 Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for "Babbitt"
  • 1932 Benito Mussolini frees 16,000 convicts
  • 1933 Spanish Basques vote for autonomy
  • 1935 Maryland Court of Appeals orders University of Maryland to admit Donald Murray, a black man
  • 1935 Parker Brothers launches game of Monopoly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Adolf Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938 Ottawa Roughriders score on 5-man, 4-lateral, 65-yard punt return
  • 1938 Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated
  • 1940 Dutch submarine departs Dundee

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for an unprecedented third term, defeating Republican candidate Wendell Willkie

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

1941 Japanese naval staff officers Suzuki and Maejima leave Pearl Harbor

Learn More
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Learn More
  • 1942 Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris
  • 1942 Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission
  • 1943 Vatican in Rome bombed by unknown source
  • 1944 Allied troops reach Zoutelande, Walcheren
  • 1944 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • 1944 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die
  • 1945 Colombia joins the United Nations.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1946 John F. Kennedy (Democrat, Massachusetts) elected to US House of Representatives

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Philippines president Elpidio Quirino ends emergency crisis

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Frederik Zernicke
  • 1953 Paul Searls saws a 32" log in 86.4 seconds
  • 1953 Terence Rattigan's "Sleeping Prince" premieres in London
  • 1955 Date returned to in "Back to the Future" by Marty McFly
  • 1956 Britain and France land airborne forces at Port Said in Egypt, escalating the Suez Crisis
  • 1956 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • 1956 Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba
  • 1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru arrives in NY

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • 1961 St Louis Cards Bill Stacy, returns 2 interceptions for TDs vs Dallas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US VP Lyndon B. Johnson visits Netherlands

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1964 US launches Mariner 3 toward Mars; no data returned
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 ATS-3 launched by US to take first pictures of full Earth disc
  • 1967 US troops conquer Loc Ninh South Vietnam
  • 1967 Yemen president Sallal flees

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1968 Republican candidate Richard Nixon is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Hubert Humphrey and Independent candidate George Wallace

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
Governor of Alabama and Segregationist George Wallace
Governor of Alabama and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1971 Bolivia passes death penalty for political kidnapping
  • 1972 Vice-President of Sinn Féin Maire Drumm is arrested in the Republic of Ireland
  • 1973 BART starts SF-Daly City train shuttle service
  • 1973 Arab producers announce 25 percent cut in oil production

Birthdays in History

  • 1271 Maḥmūd Ghāzān, 7th Mongol Empire ruler in Iran, born in Abaskun, Iran (d. 1304)
  • 1534 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog) and physician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1598)
  • 1549 Philippe de Mornay (or Philippe Du-Plessis-Mornay), French writer, born in Buhy, France (d. 1623)
  • 1563 Anna van Nassau, daughter of William the Silent and his second wife, Anna of Saxony and wife of William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1588)
  • 1592 Charles Chauncy, American clergyman and President of Harvard College (1654-72), born in Yardley-Bury, England (d. 1672)
  • 1613 Isaac de Benserade, French poet, born in Lyons-la-Forêt, France (d. 1691)
  • 1615 Ibrahim I, 18th Ottoman Sultan (1640-48), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1648)
  • 1667 Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German landscape painter, born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1719)
  • 1701 Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter, born in Venice (d. 1785)
  • 1715 John Brown, English writer, born in Rothbury, Northumberland, England (d. 1766)
  • 1722 William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English nobleman and politician, born in Clayton, Lancashire, England (d. 1798)
  • 1742 Richard Cosway, English portrait painter, born in Tiverton, England (d. 1821)
  • 1764 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist and mathematician (known as "Dutch Isaac Newton"), born in Diemermeer (d. 1794)
  • 1779 Washington Allston, American painter (pioneer of America's Romantic movement of landscape painting) and author, born in Georgetown, South Carolina (d. 1843)
  • 1798 Marie-Caroline of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Berry, Italian princess of the House of Bourbon, born in Caserta Palace, Caserta, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1870)
  • 1818 Benjamin Franklin Butler, American Major General (Union Army), born in Deerfield, New Hampshire (d. 1893)
  • 1825 Julius H [Szamvald] Stahel, Hungarian-American diplomat, mining engineer, and Major General (Union Army), born in Szeged, Hungary (d. 1912)
  • 1832 William W. Averell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Cameron, New York (d. 1900)
  • 1835 Moritz Szeps, Austrian journalist and newspaper publisher, born in Busk, Austrian Galicia (d. 1902)
  • 1846 Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1869)
  • 1849 Ruy Barbosa, Brazilian polymath, writer and politician, born in Salvador, Bahia, Empire of Brazil (d. 1923)
  • 1850 Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (Poems of Passion), born in Johnstown, Wisconsin (d. 1919)
  • 1851 Charles Dupuy, 3 times Prime Minister of France, born in Le Puy-en-Velay, France (d. 1923)
  • 1854 Paul Sabatier, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - improving the hydrogenation of organic species in the presence of metals), born in Carcassonne, France (d. 1941)
  • 1854 Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins, born in Lévis, Quebec (d. 1920)
  • 1855 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate, born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1926)
  • 1855 Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (stratosphere), born in Paris (d. 1913)
  • 1857 Ida Tarbell, American muckraker (The History of the Standard Oil Company), born in Erie County, Pennsylvania (d. 1944)
  • 1869 Chittaranjan Das, Indian lawyer and politician (founded the Swaraj Party), born in Bikrampur, British India (d. 1925)
  • 1876 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire), born in Damville, Eure, France (d. 1918)
  • 1881 George A. Malcolm, American jurist (17th Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court) and educator, born in Concord, Michigan (d. 1961)
  • 1884 James Elroy Flecker, English poet and dramatist (Hassan), born in Lewisham, London (d. 1915)

Person of interestWill Durant

1885 Will Durant, American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), born in North Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1981)

Historian Will Durant
Historian
Will Durant
  • 1887 Oscar Bossaert, Belgian industrialist and chocolate manufacturer (Victoria), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • 1890 Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter, born in Okrouhlice near Německý Brod, Bohemia (d. 1977)
  • 1891 Mary Dorna [Mary Jeanette Tenkink-Stoppelman], Dutch author, born in Amsterdam (d. 1971)
  • 1892 J. B. S. Haldane, British-Indian geneticist (primordial soup theory), born in Oxford, England (d. 1964)
  • 1893 Raymond Loewy, French-American industrial designer, born in Paris (d. 1986)
  • 1894 Henri de Page, Belgian private law scholar, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1969)
  • 1900 Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in Colorado City, Texas (d. 1972)
  • 1906 George Trevelyan, British educational pioneer and a founding father of the New Age movement, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (dirty-snowball theory), born in Red Oak, Iowa (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Roy Rogers, American cowboy (Happy Trails, Roy Rogers Show), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1998)
  • 1914 Hans de Koster, Dutch Minister of Defense (1971-73), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1914 Alton Tobey, American artist, born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Moe Biller, American labor union officer (AFL-CIO, Postal Workers), born in NYC, New York (d. 2003)
  • 1917 Jacob Everaers, Dutch office clerk and resistance fighter, born in Tholen, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1917 Jacqueline Auriol, French aviator, born in Challans, Vendée, France (d. 2000)
  • 1917 Banarsi Das Gupta, Indian 4th Chief Minister of Haryana (1975-77), born in Bhiwani, Punjab, British India (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher, critic and writer, born in Bulandshahr Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 1978)
  • 1920 Douglass North, American economist, (Nobel Prize Economic Sciences 1993), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
  • 1921 Fawzia Fuad, Egyptian princess who became Queen of Iran as the first wife of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, born in Ras el-Tin Palace, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Violet Barclay, American illustrator, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1926 Leo Derksen, Dutch journalist (Telegraph/Sunday Newspaper), born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1926 John Berger, English art critic and author (Ways of Seeing), born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Clifford Irving, American novelist and investigative reporter (hoax autobiography of Howard Hughes), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Arthur L. Liman, American trial lawyer (Oliver North), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Salvatore Bonanno, American mafioso and son of crime boss Joseph Bonanno, born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)
  • 1934 Nick Smith, American politician ((Rep-R-Michigan, 1993-2005), born in Addison, Michigan
  • 1936 Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (d. 2001)
  • 1936 William A. Christenberry, American photographer and artist, born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama (d. 2016)
  • 1943 Friedman Paul Erhardt, German-American TV chef (Chef Tell), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 2007)
  • 1945 Peter Pace, 16th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, born in NYC, New York
  • 1945 Aleka Papariga, Greek politician (General Secretary of Communist Party of Greece 1991-2013), born in Athens, Greece
  • 1946 Gram Parsons [Cecil Ingram Connor III], American rocker (Byrds), born in Winter Haven, Florida (d. 1973)
  • 1946 Patricia K Kuhl, speech & hearing scientist
  • 1947 Peter Noone, English rocker (Herman-Herman's Hermits), born in Davyhulme, Lancashire, England
  • 1948 Mel Ab-Owain, Welsh politician
  • 1948 Hridayananda dasa Goswami, International Society for Krishna Consciousness guru, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1948 Bernard-Henri Lévy, French public intellectual, born in Béni Saf, Oran, French Algeria
  • 1948 Pepper LaBeija [William Jackson], American drag queen and fashion designer, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2003)
  • 1951 Stuart Havelock Hollingdale, anthropologist
  • 1951 Tony Evers, American politician, Governor of Wisconsin (2019-), born in Plymouth, Wisconsin
  • 1952 Vandana Shiva, Indian scholar and environmental activist, born in Dehradun, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • 1953 Florentino V. Floro, Filipino judge (suspended from the Philippine judiciary in 2006 due to mental illness), born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1953 Joyce Maynard, American journalist and novelist (Labor Day), born in Durham, New Hampshire
  • 1955 Karan Thapar, Indian journalist, political analyst and commentator, born in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • 1961 Charles O. Hobaugh, NASA astronaut and U.S. Marine Corps officer, born in Bar Harbor, Maine
  • 1962 Marcus J. Ranum, American computer and network security innovator, born in NYC, New York
  • 1965 Kubrat, Prince of Panagyurishte, titular Bulgarian royal family, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1974 Chris Sununu, American politician, Governor of New Hampshire (2017-), born in Salem, New Hampshire

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1940 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway marries journalist Martha Gellhorn

LoveWedding of Interest

1941 Writer and veterinary surgeon James Herriot (25) weds Joan Catherine Danbury

Novelist James Herriot
Novelist
James Herriot

LoveWedding of Interest

1977 43rd US President George W. Bush (31) weds Laura Welch (31) at The First United Methodist Church in Midland, Texas

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush

Deaths in History

  • 1370 Casimir III the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), dies at 61
  • 1515 Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter, dies at 41
  • 1559 Kano Motonobu, Zen co-founder (Kano school of painting), dies at 83
  • 1603 Irini Fedorovna, Russian daughter of Boris Godunov, dies
  • 1660 Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle, English socialite (b. 1599)
  • 1660 Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • 1669 John Coccejus, German/Neth reformed theologist, dies at about 66
  • 1675 Kurt S Adeler, Danish admiral/ship designer, dies at 52
  • 1680 Gillis Valckenier, mayor of Amsterdam (1665..80), dies at about 57
  • 1701 Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, French-born English politician, dies at about 40
  • 1714 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (founder of occupational medicine), dies at 81
  • 1737 Johan Willem, Duke of Ripperda, Dutch political adventurer, dies at 55
  • 1752 Carl Andreas Duker, German classical scholar (b. 1670)
  • 1758 Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (b. 1686)
  • 1772 Pieter Steyn, Dutch grand pensionary (1749-72), dies at 66
  • 1801 Norinaga Motoori, Japanese scientist, dies at 71
  • 1803 Ch de Laclos, writer, dies
  • 1804 Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker, poetess (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 66
  • 1807 Angelica Kauffmann, Swiss Neoclassical painter, dies at 66
  • 1819 Dirk van den Boetzelaer, Regent of Holland, dies at 55
  • 1828 Maria Feodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia, dies at 69
  • 1834 Aernout Drost, Dutch literary/founder (The Guide), dies at 24
  • 1836 Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech poet (b. 1810)
  • 1850 Ferdinand Karl Joseph, Archduke of Austria-Este, dies at 69
  • 1854 Soimonov, Russian general, dies in battle of Inkermann
  • 1869 Otis Tufts, American machinist and inventor who built printing machines, steam engines, firefighting equipment and invented the steam pile driver, dies at 65
  • 1872 Thomas Sully, American portrait painter (Queen Victoria), dies at 89

Person of interestJames Clerk Maxwell

1879 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (speed of light), dies of abdominal cancer at 48

  • 1883 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • 1923 Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French novelist (b. 1880)

Person of interestChristiaan Eijkman

1930 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1929), dies at 72

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1939 Charles Barrois, French geologist and palaeontologist, dies at 88
  • 1941 Arndt Pekurinen, Finnish pacifist (b. 1905)
  • 1943 Louis Schelfhout, Dutch painter and graphic artist, dies at 62
  • 1944 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), dies at 71
  • 1955 Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
  • 1960 August Gailit, Estonian writer (Ekke Moor), dies at 69
  • 1964 Lansdale Sasscer, U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 5th District (b. 1893)
  • 1964 Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children's author and illustrator, dies at 85
  • 1969 Itih Walracen, Sudanese widow of author William Walraven, dies
  • 1975 Edward L Tatum, American molecular geneticist and biochemist (Nobel Prize 1958), dies of heart failure at 65
  • 1975 Lionel Trilling, American literary critic and author (1969 Poses Award, The Liberal Imagination), dies at 70
  • 1979 Al Capp, US cartoonist (Li'l Abner), dies at 70
  • 1982 Gerarda "Gerda" Brautigam, Dutch journalist and politician (PvdA), dies
  • 1985 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (b. 1898)
  • 1987 Georges Franju, French director (Judex, L'homme sans visage), dies at 75
  • 1987 Jan Nicolaas Bakhuizen van den Brink, Dutch theologist and church historian, dies at 91
  • 1990 Humphrey Gibbs, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (1959-69), dies at 87
  • 1991 Robert Maxwell, British billionaire publisher (NY Daily News), dies at 68
  • 1992 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud"), dies at 92
  • 1993 Maurice Cranston, English philosopher and political scientist (John Locke biographies), dies at 73
  • 1996 Lars-Ake Nilsson, diplomat, dies at 53
  • 1997 Isaiah Berlin, Latvian-British philosopher, dies at 88
  • 2000 Roger Peyrefitte, French writer (Special Friendships), dies at 93
  • 2000 Victor Grinich, American businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2000 Bibi Titi Mohammed, Tanzanian politician (b.1926)
  • 2001 Barry Horne, a British animal liberation activist.
  • 2005 Rod Donald, New Zealand environmentalist (b. 1957)
  • 2005 John Fowles, English writer (b. 1926)
  • 2006 Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (between 1974 and 2002), dies at 81
  • 2007 Nils Liedholm, Swedish football midfielder and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2008 Paul Greening, Royal Navy officer and master of Queen's household, dies at 80
  • 2010 Adrian Păunescu, Romanian poet and politician (b. 1943)
  • 2012 Charles V. Bush, African-American pioneer (1st African-American US Air Force Academy Graduate and US Supreme Court Page), dies from colon cancer at 72
  • 2012 Stalking Cat [Dennis Avner], American body modifier, dies at 54