On This Day

On This Day in History for November 7

Events in History

  • 680 3rd Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical council) opens
  • 921 Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other
  • 1492 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1512 Medici's discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence

Humanist philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli
Humanist philosopher
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 1519 University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther
  • 1558 French King Henri II occupies Calais
  • 1631 Pierre Gassendi observes 1st ever transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler
  • 1637 Anne Hutchinson tried in Massachusetts Bay Colony as a heretic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1651 King Louis XIV of France (13) declared of full age

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1659 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV
  • 1665 1st edition of "London Gazette" published as "The Oxford Gazette"
  • 1667 Jean Racine's "Andromaque" premieres in Paris
  • 1722 Richard Steele's "Conscious Lovers" premieres in London
  • 1733 France & Spain sign the Treaty of the Escorial (the first 'Pacte de Famille' between the Bourbon kings of France and Spain)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1742 Empress Elizabeth of Russia proclaims her nephew Peter of Holstein-Gottorp (later Peter III) her heir

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1747 Organgist in Netherlands revolt under Daniel Raap

  • 1775 Lord Dunmore promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
  • 1794 French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • 1800 It becomes illegal for women in Paris to wear trousers without a Police permit (annulled 2013)

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1805 Lewis and Clark Expedition first sights the Pacific Ocean at the mouth of the Columbia River

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
Interpreter and Guide Sacagawea
Interpreter and Guide
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1811 Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeats the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • 1814 1st sitting of States-general in Hague

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1820 James Monroe re-elected US president

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1824 St Petersburg floods to 4.20m, city's greatest flood
  • 1831 State of Gran Colombia disbands
  • 1837 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1848 General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1861 Battle of Belmont, fought in Mississippi County, Missouri begins, first combat test for Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant, Union victory (US Civil War)

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1861 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina ends, Union forces capture Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battles of Rappahannock Station & Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • 1864 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
  • 1872 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Alexander Mackenzie becomes the second Prime Minister of Canada, succeeding John A. Macdonald

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1875 Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equatorial Africa
  • 1876 Edward Bouchet is 1st African American to receive a Ph.D from a US college (Yale)
  • 1876 Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennessee College

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1876 President Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden claim presidential victory as Tilden (D) wins popular vote but Electoral College votes are disputed with Hayes (R)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1885 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
  • 1893 US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • 1900 Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 In Canada, the Liberal Government led by Wilfrid Laurier retains its majority

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1901 A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896
  • 1907 Dynamite explodes on locomotive kills engineer Jesus Garcia in Mexico
  • 1907 Test tokens are struck in 1st production of Canadian coins

Meeting of InterestFoundation of Delta Sigma Pi

1907 Delta Sigma Pi, a professional fraternity organized to foster the study of business in universities is founded at New York University.

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Three of the four founders of Delta Sigma Pi at New York University
Three of the four founders of Delta Sigma Pi at New York University
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  • 1908 Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
  • 1909 Knights of St Peter Claver founded in Mobile, Alabama; Ladies Auxiliary formed in 1922
  • 1910 The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
  • 1914 Japanese attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai
  • 1914 The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
  • 1914 The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
  • 1916 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Tsar of uprising

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1916 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Montana) is elected to Congress as its first woman Representative

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1916 Amidst the Mexican Revolution and World War I, Woodrow Wilson is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Charles E. Hughes

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 British capture Gaza, Palestine, from Turks

RussiaRed October

1917 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.

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Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

InventionHistoric Invention

1918 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard

Victory in BattleEnd of World War I

1918 United Press erroneously reports WWI armistice had been signed

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This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
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  • 1918 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd

The 1918 Flu PandemicThe 1918 Flu Pandemic

1918 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year

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1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
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  • 1918 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • 1919 US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers
  • 1921 Hungary passes a law invalidating the Habsburg line of succession to the throne
  • 1925 Italians liberal-national party joins fascist
  • 1929 Museum of Modern Art opens in Hecksher Building in New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1933 Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
  • 1934 Arthur L. Mitchell, becomes first African American Democratic US congressman (Illinois)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Addressing a meeting of Stakhanovites, Joseph Stalin utters his famous phrase "life has become better"

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1936 Battle of Madrid begins
  • 1940 Stravinsky's Symfonie in C premieres in Chicago
  • 1940 Tacoma Narrows (Galloping Gertie) Bridge collapses, Wash
  • 1941 British air attacks on Berlin, Mannheim & Ruhrgebied

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1942 First US President to broadcast in a foreign language-FDR in French

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for a record fourth term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey
  • 1944 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • 1949 King Faruk disbands Egyptian parliament
  • 1950 Carlo Terron's "Processo Agli Innocenti" premieres in Milan
  • 1950 French women & children leaves Hanoi/Tonkin-delta
  • 1951 Constitution of Jordan passes
  • 1954 US spy plane shot down North of Japan
  • 1955 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas

United <b>Nations</b>United Nations

1956 Suez Crisis ends with a ceasefire as the United Nations Emergency Force is established at instigation of Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1957 Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
  • 1961 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1962 Richard Nixon tells press he won't be available to kick around any more after losing election for Governor of California

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1963 Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
  • 1966 Jean-Claude van Itallie's "America Hurrah" premieres in NYC
  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 launched by US
  • 1967 Carl B Stokes elected first African American mayor of a major US city - Cleveland, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 LBJ signs a bill establishing Corporation for Public Broadcasting

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Richard G Hatcher elected mayor of Gary, Indiana
  • 1967 St Louis Cards Orlando Cepeda is 1st unanimous NL MVP
  • 1967 Surveyor 6 launched for soft landing on Moon
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1970 Race riots in Daytona Beach Florida
  • 1972 Incumbent President Richard Nixon is re-elected, defeating Democrat candidate George McGovern in a landslide by winning 49 states
  • 1973 NJ becomes 1st state to allow girls into little league
  • 1973 US & Egypt announce restoration of full diplomatic links

Birthdays in History

  • 630 Constans II, Byzantine emperor (641-668) (d. 668)
  • 994 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, born in Córdoba, Caliphate of Córdoba (d. 1064)
  • 1414 Jami [Mowlanā Nūr Od-dīn ʿabd Or-raḥmān Ebn Aḥmad], Persian poet (Lava’iḥ), born in Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan (d. 1492)
  • 1598 Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter, born in Fuente de Cantos, Spain (d. 1664)
  • 1619 Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (Historiettes), born in La Rochelle, France (d. 1692)
  • 1650 John Robinson, English diplomat and prelate, born in Cleasby, North Yorkshire (d. 1723)
  • 1687 William Stukeley, English physician and archaeologist (pioneered investigation of Stonehenge and Avebury), born in Holbeach, Lincolnshire (d. 1765)
  • 1692 Johannes Gottfried Schnabel, German author (Insel Felsenburg), born in Sandersdorf, Germany
  • 1750 Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet, lawyer and translator, born in Bad Bramstedt, Germany (d. 1819)
  • 1758 Edouard viscount de Walckiers, South Netherland banker and politician, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1837)
  • 1797 Silas H. Stringham, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Middletown, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1805 Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor, born in Buerton, Cheshire, England (d. 1870)
  • 1810 Fritz Reuter, German novelist, born in Stavenhagen, Germany (d. 1874)
  • 1811 Karel Jaromír Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet), born in Miletín, Austria (d. 1870)
  • 1818 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Andrew Dickson White, American historian and educator, 1st President of Cornell University, born in Homer, New York (d. 1918)
  • 1838 Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (Contes cruels), born in Saint-Brieuc, Brittany, France (d. 1889)
  • 1851 Chris von der Ahe, German entrepreneur and owner of St. Louis Brown Stockings, born in Hille, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1855 Edwin Hall, American physicist (discovered Hall effect), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1938)
  • 1858 Bipin Chandra Pal, Indian nationalist and freedom fighter, born in Habiganj, Sylhet region, India (d. 1932)
  • 1860 Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (Father of The Tank), born in Condé en Barrois, France (d. 1936)
  • 1861 Jeff Milton, American lawman, born in Marianna, Florida (d. 1947)

Person of interestMarie Curie

1867 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1934)

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie
  • 1875 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • 1876 Culbert Olson, American lawyer and politician (Gov-D-Cal), born in Fillmore, Utah (d. 1962)
  • 1878 Lise Meitner, Austrian-Swedish physicist (discovered the nuclear fission of uranium), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1968)
  • 1879 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish etcher and glass painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1975)

Person of interestLeon Trotsky

1879 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1883 Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, African-American TV preacher, born in Newport News, Virginia (d. 1968)
  • 1888 Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian physicist (Nobel Prize 1930 for light scattering), born in Tiruchirappalli, India (d. 1970)
  • 1895 Jacob Kaplan, French Grand Rabbi (1955-81), born in Paris (d. 1994)
  • 1896 Herbert O'Connor, 51st Governor of Maryland and TV narrator (Crime Syndicate), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1960)
  • 1896 Esdras Minville, Quebec writer, economist and sociologist, born in Quebec, Montreal (d. 1975)
  • 1897 Ruth Pitter, British poet and 1st woman to receive the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1955, born in Ilford, London (d. 1992)
  • 1898 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician, born in Saloniki, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1902 Rob van der de Bas [Barend Robberts], troubadour (Klucht of the Cow)
  • 1903 Albert Helman [Lou Lichtveld], Suriname politician and novelist, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1996)
  • 1903 Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist and ethologist (Man & His Ideas, Nobel Prize 1973), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1989)
  • 1906 Eugene Carson Blake, US Secretary-General of World Council of Churches (1966-72), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1985)
  • 1906 Jan Vercammen, Flemish author and chief inspector LO (Primary Education), born in Temse, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • 1906 Margaret Barbara Lambert, British historian (Saar) (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Maurits Mok, Dutch author and poet (Cheese & Bread Game), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • 1911 Walter Shlomo Gross, journalist

Person of interestAlbert Camus

1913 Albert Camus, French author (The Just-Nobel 1957), born in Dréan, Algeria (d. 1960)

Author Albert Camus
Albert Camus
  • 1914 R. A. Lafferty, American sci-fi author (Devil is Dead), born in Neola, Iowa (d. 2002)
  • 1915 Philip Morrison, American physicist, born in Somerville, New Jersey (d. 2005)

Person of interestBilly Graham

1918 Billy Graham, American Baptist evangelist (Crusades) described as 1 of the 20th century's most influential Christian leaders, born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2018)

Evangelist Billy Graham
Billy Graham
  • 1918 Paul Aussaresses, French Army general, born in Saint-Paul-Cap-de-Joux, France (d. 2013)
  • 1924 Wolf Mankowitz, English playwright and writer (A Kid for Two Farthings), born in Spitalfields, London (d. 1998)
  • 1928 Richard G. Scott, American scientist and LDS apostle, born in Pocatello, Idaho (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Norton Zinder, American biologist (genetic transduction), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Peter Woods, British journalist and newsreader, born in Romford, Essex, England (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Rudy Boschwitz, American politician (U.S. Senator from Minnesota 1978-91), born in Berlin, Weimar Germany
  • 1932 Yrrah [Harry Lammertink], Dutch cartoonist (Vrij Netherland), born in Apeldoorn, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1934 Stephen L. Neal, American politician (Rep-D-NC, 1975-95), born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • 1935 Willibrordus S. Rendra, Indonesian poet (Ballad orang-orang tertjina), born in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia (d. 2009)
  • 1940 Guido Provoost, Belgian historian, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • 1943 Wensley Haydon-Baillie, English pharmaceutical manufacturer
  • 1943 Stephen Greenblatt, American literary historian and author (The Swerve: How the World Became Modern), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1943 Boris Gromov, Russian general and politician (Governor of Moscow Oblast 2000-12), born in Saratov, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

Person of interestMichael Spence

1943 Michael Spence, Canadian-American economist (Nobel 2001 - dynamics of information flows and market development), born in Montclair, New Jersey

Economist Michael Spence
Michael Spence
  • 1950 Alexa Canady, 1st African-American female neurosurgeon and educator, born in Lansing, Michigan
  • 1950 Augusto Gen'un Alcalde, 1st South American Zen teacher, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1952 David Petraeus, Commanding General of Multinational Force Iraq (2007-08), born in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York
  • 1958 Lori Saldaña, American politician (California State Assembly), born in San Diego, California
  • 1964 Gill Holland, Norwegian-American producer (Hurricane Streets), born in Chapel Hill, North Carolina
  • 1968 Mark Preston, Australian businessman and motorsport professional, born in Geelong, Victoria, Australia
  • 1971 Jamie Drummond, Scottish-Canadian sommelier, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1972 Mike Goldman, Australian media personality (Big Brother Australia), born in Brisbane, Australia

Person of interestMarcus Luttrell

1975 Marcus Luttrell, American former Navy SEAL ("Lone Survivor"), born in Houston, Texas

Navy SEAL Marcus Luttrell
Marcus Luttrell
  • 1976 One Be Lo [Ralond Scruggs], American hip-hop artist (Binary Star), born in Pontiac, Michigan

Weddings in History

  • 1597 Emilia of Nassau weds Dom Emanuel of Portugal

LoveWedding of Interest

1957 Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (23) weds Valentina Ivanovna Goryacheva

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Gagarin

Deaths in History

  • 644 Umar ibn al-Khattāb, Second caliph of Islam dies of injuries after assassination attempt 4 days earlier
  • 739 Willibrord, [Clemens], 1st bishop of Utrecht/saint 695-739, dies at 81
  • 1225 Engelbert I, the Saint, archbishop of Cologne, murdered at 40
  • 1550 Jon Arason, the last Roman Catholic bishop of Iceland prior to the reformation, beheaded in Skalholt with his two sons Are and Bjorn. (b. 1484)
  • 1573 Solomon Luria (Maharshal), talmudic author (Yam Shel Shelomo), dies
  • 1581 Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
  • 1599 Gasparo Tagliacozzi, Italian surgeon (b. 1546)
  • 1608 Adolf, earl of Nassau-Siegen/cavalry commander, dies in battle
  • 1620 Hetman Stanisław Żólkiewski polish commander in the Battle of Ţuţora (1620) (b. 1547)
  • 1633 Cornelis Drebbel, physicist/chemist/inventor (builder of the first submarine), dies
  • 1639 Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour, English politician
  • 1642 Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1678 Erasmus Quellinus II, Flemish painter and etcher, dies at 70
  • 1708 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist, dies at 76
  • 1723 Godfrey Kneller, English painter (74-77), dies
  • 1837 Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, murdered at 34
  • 1872 Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (b. 1833)
  • 1876 Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (Michigan), dies at 65
  • 1881 John MacHale, Irish Archbishop (Tuam) and writer (b. 1791)
  • 1893 Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India, dies at 37
  • 1901 Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli, dies

Person of interestButch Cassidy

1908 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American train and bank robber, shot by Bolivian soldiers at 42

Person of interestAlfred Russel Wallace

1913 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of the theory of evolution through natural selection, dies at 90

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1919 Hugo Haase, German MP (SPD), murdered at 56
  • 1924 Hans Thoma, German painter, dies at 75
  • 1935 Lidj Jasu, emperor of Ethiopia, dies at 39
  • 1938 Ernst vom Rath, German diplomat, assassinated at 29, providing the pretext for Kristallnacht
  • 1941 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Das Gewitter), dies at 46
  • 1944 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, hanged in Tokyo at 49

Person of interestEleanor Roosevelt

1962 Eleanor Roosevelt, 1st Lady (1933-1945), dies at 78 in NYC

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • 1967 John Nance Garner, American Democratic politician & lawyer (32nd Vice President of the U.S.), dies at 98
  • 1967 Larry Kent, director (High Stakes), dies at 67
  • 1968 Willem A. Wagenaar, Dutch journalist and author (3,000 meter), dies at 67
  • 1968 Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician, dies at 62
  • 1974 Eric Linklater, British novelist and poet (Blue Swallows), dies at 75
  • 1974 Sandra Rivett, English nanny to John Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan, allegedly bludgeoned to death by Mr Lucan at 29 before he mysteriously disappeared
  • 1978 Janet Flanner, American journalist (New Yorker), dies at 86
  • 1980 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, dies at 73

Person of interestWill Durant

1981 Will Durant, American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), dies at 96

Historian Will Durant
Will Durant
  • 1988 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, dies at 74
  • 1990 Lawrence Durrell, Indian-British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet), dies of a stroke at 78
  • 1991 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, dies at 71

Person of interestAlexander Dubček

1992 Alexander Dubček, Czechoslovak politician who headed the Czech Communist Party and was deposed after a Soviet invasion, dies at 70 from injuries sustained in a car crash

Leader of Czechoslovakia Alexander Dubček
Leader of Czechoslovakia
Alexander Dubček
  • 1996 Bryan Keith-Lucas, British political scientist, dies at 84
  • 1996 Claude Ake, political scientist, dies at 57
  • 1996 Michael Fenton Haddon, mining engineer, dies at 81
  • 1996 Jaja Wachuku, Nigerian Lawyer and First Foreign Affairs Minister (b. 1918)
  • 1998 Margaret Gowing, English historian (Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy), dies at 77
  • 2000 Chidambaram Subramaniam, Indian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 Ingrid, Queen Mother of Denmark, Wife of King Frederik IX, ruler of Denmark (1947-72), dies at 90
  • 2002 Rudolf Augstein, German publisher (b. 1923)
  • 2002 Charles Hambro, English banker, multi-millionaire and CEO (Hambros), dies at 72
  • 2005 Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Jackie Parker, American College and Canadian Football Hall of Fame utility (Mississippi State University; Grey Cup 1954-56; Edmonton Eskimos), dies from throat cancer at 74
  • 2007 Earl Dodge, American politician (Prohibition Party) (b. 1932)
  • 2016 Janet Reno, first female US Attorney General (1993-2001), dies at 78
  • 2018 Oskar Rabin, Russian painter and dissident during Soviet era, dies at 90