On This Day

On This Day in History for November 8

Events in History

  • 392 Roman Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion the state religion
  • 911 Duke Conrad I chosen as King of East Francia
  • 1322 Pope John XXII names John van Diest as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1494 Uprising against Piero de' Medici in Florence

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1519 1st meeting of Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II and Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés in Tenochtitlan, Mexico

Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II
Aztec Emperor
Moctezuma II
Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1520 Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.
  • 1575 French Roman Catholics & Huguenots signs treaty
  • 1576 Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent - 17 Dutch provinces sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1598 Spanish troops under Bernardino de Mendoza conquer Doetinchem
  • 1602 The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened
  • 1620 Battle of White Mountain, Prague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1627 English fleet under George Villiers leaves Île de Ré

Courtier and Statesman George Villiers
Courtier and Statesman
George Villiers
  • 1658 Battle of the Sound: Swedish fleet prevails over the Dutch fleet during the 2nd Northern War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1701 William Penn presents Charter of Privileges

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1731 In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st library in the north American colonies

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1734 Vincent la Chapelle, master cook to various nobility and royalty, forms Free Masons Lodge in Netherlands
  • 1789 Bourbon Whiskey 1st distilled from corn by Elijah Craig in Bourbon, Kentucky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798 Irish revolutionary Wolfe Tone is sentenced to death by hanging for his part in the Irish Rebellion of 1798. Tone requests to be shot instead so as to die a soldier's death.

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • 1833 Train derails at Hightstown New Jersey; 2 die
  • 1837 Mount Holyoke Seminary in Massachusetts founded - 1st US college founded for women

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1838 Victor Hugo's "Ruy Blas" premieres in Paris

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
  • 1842 Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
  • 1861 Battle of Mount Ivy, Kentucky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 USS San Jacinto commanded by Charles Wilkes captures two Confederate diplomats from the British mail steamer Trent, almost causing a war between the US and the UK

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1864 Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as American President

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1870 Democratic governor elected in Tennessee
  • 1883 English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage)
  • 1884 German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1889 Montana admitted as 41st state of the Union

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1892 Grover Cleveland (D) elected 24th US President

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1900 Theodore Dreiser's novel "Sister Carrie" is published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 David Beatty takes part in the successful relief of the naval brigade and is promoted to captain

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1901 Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1904 American President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B. Parker (D)

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1904 Inventor and manufacturer Harvey Hubbell receives the first U.S. patent for a separable electric attachment plug
  • 1907 In a landmark decision for Australia, the Court of Conciliation and Arbitration rules that the Sunshine Harvester Work must pay 'fair and reasonable wages'
  • 1910 1st Washington State election in which women could vote
  • 1910 For the first time since 1894, the US elects a Democratic Congress, including the first socialist ever to sit in Congress, Victor L Berger of Milwaukee
  • 1910 William H. Frost receives the first U.S. patent for an electrical insect destroyer
  • 1915 An Austrian-Hungarian submarine torpedoes and sinks the Italian liner 'Ancona' without warning, killing over 200 people
  • 1917 Telephone Co runs 1st advertisement for Army operators, receives 7,000 applicants
  • 1918 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs
  • 1920 Rupert Bear by illustrator Mary Tourtel first appears in the Daily Express newspaper in the UK

BattleCoup d'état

1923 Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party stage "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1924 Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt
  • 1924 Fortune Theatre opens in London
  • 1929 Jean Giraudoux' "Amphitryon '38" premieres in Paris
  • 1930 Friedrich Wolf's "Die Matrosen von Cattaro" premieres in Berlin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1932 Amidst the Great Depression, Democrat candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican incumbent Herbert Hoover

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1933 FDR creates Civil Works Administration
  • 1934 Ford Frick, NL publicity director, is named league president
  • 1937 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
  • 1938 1st African American woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia
  • 1939 Failed assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich
  • 1939 H Lindsay & R Crouse' "Life with Father" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 RAF bombs Munich, Adolf Hitler promises "an attack on the capital of the Nazi movement would not go unpunished"
  • 1941 The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
  • 1942 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)
  • 1942 Adolf Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Operation Torch; began as US and British forces under Eisenhower land in French North Africa

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1942 Vichy-France drops diplomatic relations with US
  • 1943 France arrests government of Lebanon after they abolish the French mandate
  • 1944 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
  • 1944 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • 1945 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Jean-Paul Sartre's "La Putain Respecteuse" premieres in Paris

  • 1950 A US aircraft shoots down a North Korean jet in the Korean War, the first jet-to-jet dogfight in history
  • 1953 Salazar's party wins all parliamentary seats in Portugal
  • 1954 AL approves Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
  • 1956 UN demands USSR leave Hungary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 NYT critic Brooks Atkinson writes of Eugene O'Neill's latest play 'With the production of 'Long Day's Journey Into Night' at the Helen Hayes last evening, the American theater acquires size and stature." [1]

Drama Critic Brooks Atkinson
Drama Critic
Brooks Atkinson
Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1957 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1959 Tunisian president Habib Bourguiba's Nes Destour party wins every seat

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1960 John F. Kennedy is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Richard Nixon who was the incumbent Vice President

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1961 Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8, a Lockheed Constellation aircraft, crashes near Richmond, Virginia, 77 die
  • 1962 Canada's government orders the nickel changed back to round shape
  • 1964 IMF grants Great Britain credit of $1 billion
  • 1965 British Indian Ocean Territory formed
  • 1965 Vietnam War: US, Australian and New Zealand forces launch Operation Hump, a search-and-destroy operation near Bien Hoa in South Vietnam

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1966 Edward W. Brooke (Rep-R-Mass) becomes 1st African American popularly elected to the US Senate

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke
  • 1967 Radio Leicester begins broadcasting on VHF, the 1st of 8 local British radio stations (now 40)
  • 1967 Silver hits record $1.951 an ounce in London
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Londonderry Corporation agreed to a Nationalist request to introduce a points system in the allocation of public sector housing in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Nevada approves pari-mutuel betting on Jai Alai

The Great Lord Lucan MysteryThe Great Lord Lucan Mystery

1974 British peer the Earl of Lucan disappears and is never seen again after his nanny is found murdered in London

Read Article
Lord and Lady Lucan outside their home where she was later attacked
Lord and Lady Lucan outside their home where she was later attacked
Read Article

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Ted Bundy victim Debi Kent disappears in Salt Lake City, Utah

Serial Killer Ted Bundy
Serial Killer
Ted Bundy
  • 1975 Nick Bockwinkle beats Verne Gagne in St Paul, to become NWA champ
  • 1976 A series of earthquakes spreads panic in the Greek city of Thessaloniki, which is evacuated
  • 1977 Greek Archaeologist Manolis Andronikos discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1977 Ed Koch is elected Mayor of New York City (his 1st term)

Congressman and NYC Mayor Ed Koch
Congressman and NYC Mayor
Ed Koch

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1978 Tom Stoppard's play "Night & Day" premieres in London

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • 1979 The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) is formed.
  • 1980 Voyager 1 space probe discovers 15th moon of Saturn
  • 1981 Christian Democrats looses Belgium parliamentary election
  • 1983 Martha Layne Collins (D) elected 1st female governor of Kentucky
  • 1983 STS-9 vehicle again moves to launch pad
  • 1983 W Wilson Goode (D) elected 1st black mayor of Philadelphia
  • 1984 Anna Fisher becomes 1st "mom" to go into orbit

Birthdays in History

Person of interestNerva

30 Nerva, Roman Emperor (96-98), born in Narni, Italy (d. 98)

Roman Emperor Nerva
Roman Emperor
  • 1342 Julian of Norwich, English saint, born in Norfolk, England (d. 1416)

Person of interestVlad the Impaler

1431 Vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince, born in Sighișoara, Transylvania, Romania (d. 1476)

Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler
Wallachian Prince
Vlad the Impaler
  • 1491 Teofilo Folengo, Italian macaronic poet, born in Mantua, Italy (d. 1544)
  • 1572 John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia (1618-19), born in Halle, Germany (d. 1619)
  • 1622 Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen, Dutch baptist pastor (Lambs' War), born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1706)
  • 1622 Charles X Gustav, King of Sweden (1654-60), born in Nyköping Castle, Sweden (d. 1660)
  • 1647 Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and writer (Historical and Critical Dictionary), born in Carla-le-Comte, Kingdom of France (d. 1706)

Person of interestEdmond Halley

1656 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), born in Haggerston, Middlesex (d. 1742) [OS 29 Oct]

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1706 Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher, born in Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1772)
  • 1710 Sarah Fielding, English writer (The Adventures of David Simple), born in East Stour, England (d. 1768)
  • 1715 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederik II the Great, born in Schloss Bevern, Germany (d. 1797)
  • 1723 John Byron, British Royal Navy officer (d. 1786)
  • 1760 Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau, Dutch general, born in Brussels, Austrian Netherlands (d. 1821)
  • 1768 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, 6th child and second daughter of King George III and Queen Charlotte, born in London (d. 1840)
  • 1777 Désirée Clary, Queen of Sweden and Norway (1818-44), born in Marseille, France (d. 1860)
  • 1814 Girolamo de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku), born in Macchia Albanese, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1903)
  • 1817 Claudius W. Sears, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Peru, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1817 Théodore-Joseph Canneel, Flemish painter, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1892)
  • 1829 Samuel Wylie Crawford, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Franklin County, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1830 Oliver Otis Howard, American Major General (Union Army), born in Leeds, Maine (d. 1909)
  • 1831 Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton, English statesman and Viceroy of India (1876-1880) (d. 1891)
  • 1836 Milton Bradley, American business magnate and game manufacturer, born in Vienna, Maine (d. 1911)

Person of interestBram Stoker

1847 Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager and author (Dracula), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1912)

Novelist Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
  • 1847 Jean Casimir-Périer, French politician (President of France 1894-95), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1848 Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (Begriffsschrift), born in Wismar, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation (d. 1925)
  • 1854 Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (Rydberg formula), born in Halmstad, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • 1862 James Edward Sullivan, American sports official and founder (Amateur Athletic Union), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • 1863 René Viviani, French historian and 61st Prime Minister of France (1914-15), born in Sidi Bel Abbès, French Algeria (d. 1925)
  • 1866 Herbert Austin, English automobile designer and builder (founder of Austin Motor Company), born in Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1941)
  • 1868 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942)
  • 1875 Qiu Jin, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, and writer considered a national heroine in China, born in Shanyin, Shaoxing, Qing Dynasty (d. 1907)
  • 1876 Frank L. Gillespie, American founder of Supreme Life Insurance Company, born in Osceola, Arkansas (d. 1925)
  • 1881 Frank Speck, American anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe, born in Paris (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (inkblot test - Rorschach test), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1922)
  • 1885 Hans Cloos, German geologist and pioneer in the study of granite tectonics (the deformation of crystalline rocks), born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1885 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya", born in Ōtoyo, Kōchi, Japan (d. 1946)
  • 1885 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1893 Prajadhipok, Rama VII, last absolute king of Siam (1925–35), born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 1941)
  • 1895 Photis Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer, born in Ayvalık, Turkey (d. 1965)

Person of interestDorothy Day

1897 Dorothy Day, American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1980)

Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert Dorothy Day
Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert
Dorothy Day

Person of interestMargaret Mitchell

1900 Margaret Mitchell, American author (Gone With the Wind), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1949)

  • 1900 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology, born in Küsnacht, Switzerland (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Gheorge Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist politician (President of the State Council 1961-65), born in Bârlad, Romania (d. 1965)
  • 1904 Cedric Belfrage, English writer and journalist (co-founder of National Guardian), born in Marylebone, London (d. 1990)
  • 1907 Otto Brenner, German trade union leader (Industrial Union of Metalworkers), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1972)
  • 1908 Martha Gellhorn, American novelist and journalist who was one of the first female war correspondents, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1998)
  • 1912 Joseph Fattorini, businessman, born in Bradford, Yorkshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Lute T de Cock, student/resistance fighter
  • 1914 Peter Mondavi, Napa Valley winemaker (Charles Krug), born in Virginia, Minnesota (d. 2016)
  • 1916 Peter Weiss, German author and playwright (Marat/Sade), born in Nowawes, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1918 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer (Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)
  • 1919 P. L. Deshpande, Indian Marathi writer, born in Mumbai, India (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian Roman Catholic cardinal, born in Acari, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Jerome Hines [Heinz], American basso (I am The Way), born in Hollywood, California
  • 1922 Christiaan Barnard, South African cardiac surgeon (perform 1st heart transplant), born in Beaufort West, Union of South Africa (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Dmitry Jazov, Russian Minister of Defense (1991 coup), born in Omsk Oblast, Soviet Union

Person of interestJack Kilby

1923 Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer (Nobel 2010 - handheld calculator, integrated circuit), born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 2005)

Engineer and Computer Scientist Jack Kilby
Engineer and Computer Scientist
Jack Kilby
  • 1927 Samuel I Newhouse Jr., American magazine publisher (Parade, Vogue, Vanity Fair), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1929 António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher, born in Tábua, Portugal
  • 1930 Edmund Happold, British structural engineer (founder of Buro Happold), born in Leeds, England (d. 1996)
  • 1932 Richard E. Lawyer, American astronaut, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1932 Ben Bova, American sci-fi author (Exiled from Earth), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1934 Roberta Hazard, American retired Rear Admiral (US Navy), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Villahermosa, Colombia (d. 2008)
  • 1936 Edward George Gibson, American astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1936 Claudio Bravo Camus, Chilean born painter, born in Valparaiso, Chile (d. 2011)
  • 1938 John Asprey, British jeweller and multi-millionaire
  • 1938 Driss Basri, Moroccan politician (Interior Minister 1979-99), born in Settat, Morocco (d. 2007)
  • 1938 Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian military ruler, born in Bendel State, Colonial Nigeria (d. 1976)
  • 1938 Dick Ritger, American ten-pin bowler (Tournament of Champions 1970, 79 runner-up; 20 career PBA Tour titles), born in River Falls, Wisconsin (d. 2020)
  • 1942 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Kramarenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1945 David Jessel, British TV reporter, born in Abingdon, Berkshire, England
  • 1947 Margaret Rhea Seddon, American physician and NASA astronaut (STS 51D, 40, SK:58), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee
  • 1948 Dale A Gardner, American naval commander and astronaut (STS 8, STS 51A), born in Fairmont, Minnesota (d. 2014)
  • 1949 Wayne LaPierre, Executive Vice Presidenf of the US National Rifle Association, born in Schenectady, New York
  • 1951 Alfredo Astiz, Argentine general and intelligence officer
  • 1952 Christie Ann Hefner, American businesswoman, CEO of Playboy Enterprises (1988-2009) and daughter of Hugh Hefner, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1953 John Musker, American animation director (Moana), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1954 Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director (2003-05), born in Guymon, Oklahoma
  • 1954 Kazuo Ishiguro, British author (An Artist of the Floating World, The Remains of the Day, When We Were Orphans), born in Nagasaki, Japan
  • 1970 Tom Anderson, American co-founder of MySpace, born in San Diego, California
  • 1974 Masashi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author, born in Nagi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan
  • 1974 Seishi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author, born in Nagi, Okayama Prefecture, Japan
  • 1976 Colin Strause, American director and one half of the Brothers Strause, born in Waukegan, Illinois
  • 1977 Bucky Covington, American entertainer, born in Rockingham, North Carolina
  • 1982 Lynndie England, former U.S. Army reservist, associated with Abu Ghraib
  • 1986 Aaron H. Swartz, computer programmer and internet activist (Demand Progress), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2013)
  • 2003 Lady Louise Windsor, British royal, born in Surrey, England

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1766 Future Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck (28) weds Dorothy Cavendish (16)

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck

LoveWedding of Interest

1985 Author Ken Follett (36) weds politician Barbara Hubbard (42)

Author Ken Follett
Ken Follett

Deaths in History

  • 397 Martin of Tours [St Martin], bishop of Tours, dies
  • 618 St Deusdedit/Adeodatus I, Italian Pope (615-18), dies
  • 955 Pope Agapetus II (946-955)
  • 1111 Otto II, Count of Habsburg, one of the founders of the Habsburg family, murdered
  • 1171 Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut (b. 1108)
  • 1195 Conrad of Hohenstaufen
  • 1226 Louis VIII, the Lion, King of France (1223-26), dies at 39
  • 1228 Dirk I, ruler of Heinsberg/Valkenburg, dies
  • 1246 Berenguela of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Castile (b. 1180)
  • 1308 Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
  • 1494 Melozzo da Forli, Italian painter, dies at about 56
  • 1517 Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros, cardinal/Chancellor of Castilia, dies
  • 1527 Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
  • 1590 Joost Jansz Bilhamer, master builder/cartographer, dies at about 49
  • 1595 Peter Opmeer, church historian and humanist (Historia Martyrum), dies at 69
  • 1600 Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
  • 1605 Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)
  • 1638 Johann H Alsted, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 50
  • 1658 Pieter Floriszoon, Dutch admiral, dies at sea in the Battle of the Sound at about 50
  • 1658 Witte de With, Dutch vice-admiral, dies at sea in the Battle of the Sound, at age 59

Person of interestJohn Milton

1674 John Milton, English poet and puritan (Paradise Lost), dies at 65

  • 1694 Ulrik Huber, Frisian lawyer/law historian/polemist, dies at 58
  • 1719 Michel Rolle, French mathematician (Rolle's theorem), dies at 67
  • 1773 Friedrich Wilhelm, baron von Seydlitz, Prussian general, dies at 52
  • 1793 Madame Roland [Marie-Jeanne Phlippon], French revolutionary (member of the Girondist faction), executed by guillotine at 39
  • 1805 Francois-Thomas de Baculard d'Arnaud, French writer, dies at 87
  • 1811 Charles F Bentinck, Dutch minister of Colonies, dies at 47
  • 1817 Andrea Appiani, Italian royal painter (Napoleon), dies at 63
  • 1830 Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), dies at 53
  • 1858 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), dies at 67
  • 1860 Charles Fellows, English Archaeologist who discovered ruins of the cities of ancient Lycia and brought to Lycian marbles to England, dies
  • 1873 Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Span poet/comic playwright, dies at 76
  • 1876 Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen consort of Spain (1870-73), dies at 29

Person of interestDoc Holliday

1887 John "Doc" Holliday, American dentist, gambler and gunfighter, dies of tuberculosis at 36

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1893 Francis Parkman, American historian and author (Oregon Trail), dies at 70
  • 1901 Mary Ann Bickerdyke, American army nurse (union), dies at 84
  • 1905 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, dies at 35
  • 1908 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, dies at 60
  • 1911 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, dies at 87
  • 1920 Abraham Kuyper, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1901-05), dies at 83
  • 1920 Salomon Anski, Russian/Polish yiddish author (Dibboek), dies at 57
  • 1921 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
  • 1933 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), assassinated at 50 by Abdul Khaliq during a graduation ceremony at a high school in Kabul
  • 1934 Carlos Chagas, Brazilian sanitary physician, dies at 55
  • 1934 James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, dies at 73
  • 1935 Hans Windisch, German New Testament scholar, dies at 54
  • 1941 Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Elite Circle), dies at 83
  • 1944 Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
  • 1945 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, dies at 95
  • 1949 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest and writer (Maria Magdalena -1928), dies at 75
  • 1953 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933, dies at 83
  • 1953 John van Melle, South African writer (Bart Nel), dies at 66
  • 1959 Frank Sherman Land, founder of the Order of DeMolay, dies at 69

Person of interestOtto Frederick Rohwedder

1960 Otto Frederick Rohwedder, American engineer (invented the bread-slicing machine), dies at 80

  • 1965 Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1913)
  • 1966 Bernhard Zondek, German/Israeli gynaecologist, dies at 75
  • 1969 Vesto Slipher, American astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory, dies at 93
  • 1970 Huw T. Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician, dies at 77
  • 1970 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), dies at 87
  • 1977 Georg Wüst, German Oceanographer, dies at 87
  • 1978 Norman Rockwell, artist (Saturday Evening Post covers), dies at 84
  • 1979 Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle, dies at 79
  • 1983 Robert Agnew, director, dies at 84 of kidney failure
  • 1983 Mordecai Kaplan, Rabbi, founded Reconstructionist Judaism (b. 1881)

Person of interestVyacheslav Molotov

1986 Vyacheslav Molotov [Skryabin], Russian politician (Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1939-49, 1953-6), dies at 96

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • 1988 Kingman Brewster, American educator and president of Yale University, dies at 69
  • 1989 Andre Kloos, Dut trade union leader (NVV)/chairman (VARA), dies at 67
  • 1990 Anya Seton, American author, dies
  • 1990 Grampy Davis, dies of heart attack at 87
  • 1991 Christine Felsmann, dies
  • 1991 Patrick Hamilton, author (Gaslight, Rope, Angel Street), dies at 45
  • 1993 Andrey Nikolayevich Tychonoff, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1994 Marianne Straub, weaver, dies at 85
  • 1995 Neil Blaney, Irish politician, dies at 73
  • 1996 Edward Albert Radice, economist, dies at 89
  • 1996 Peter Fowler, physicist, dies at 73
  • 1998 Rumer Godden, English author (Thursday's Children), dies at 90
  • 1998 Stuart Sutherland, British psychologist, educator (Sussex University's Laboratory of Experimental Psychology), and writer (Breakdown), dies of a heart attack at 76
  • 1999 Francis D. Foley, American Rear Admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal), dies at 89
  • 2002 Jaun Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher, dies at 70
  • 2003 C. Z. Guest, American socialite (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Peter Mathers, English-born Australian novelist (b. 1931)
  • 2005 David Westheimer, American novelist (Von Ryan's Express), dies at 88
  • 2006 Hannspeter Winter, Austrian plasma physicist, dies at 65
  • 2007 Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary, dies at 64
  • 2007 Chad Varah, English founder of charity The Samaritans (b. 1911)
  • 2007 Aad Nuis, Dutch writer and political scientist, dies at 74
  • 2009 Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2010 Emilio Eduardo Massera, Argentine naval officer and National Reorganization Process figure (b. 1925)
  • 2010 Jack Levine, American social realist painter, dies at 95
  • 2010 Alex Fagan, American law enforcement official (b. 1950)
  • 2011 Bil Keane, American cartoonist (The Family Circus), dies at 89
  • 2011 Mumtaz Hamid Rao, Pakistani journalist, dies at 70