On This Day

On This Day in History for October 10

Events in History

  • 354 Roman Emperor Constantius gives grand circus and theater shows to mark 30th year of his reign as Caesar in Arles
  • 680 Al-Hussein (Al-Ḥusayn ibn) and his followers killed at Karbala by army of Yazid, the Umayyad caliph, on the way to Kufa
  • 732 Battle of Tours: Umayyad army led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi defeated by Frankish Aquitainian force led by Charles Martel during Umayyad invasion of Gaul
  • 1375 Westfriese sea wall breaks flooding northern Netherlands
  • 1471 Battle of Brunkeberg: Swedish regent Sten Sture defeats forces led by Danish King Christian I
  • 1549 Duke of Somerset fired as Lord Protector & imprisoned
  • 1575 Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1578 Count Johan Casimir occupies Ghent with 500 horsemen
  • 1631 Saxon army occupies Prague
  • 1695 King Willem III escapes South Netherlands, back to England
  • 1720 French government proclaims strike on banknotes

BattleDeclaration of War

1733 France declares war on emperor Charles VI

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1760 Suriname Colonial Regime signs treaty with Aukaners (ex-slaves)
  • 1780 Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in the Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. Atlantic's deadliest recorded hurricane.
  • 1787 Amsterdam surrenders to Prussian invasion army
  • 1799 Convention of Alkmaar: British-Russian invasion army departs Holland

  • 1802 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839 British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut

  • 1845 Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • 1846 Alexis de Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • 1846 Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
  • 1854 US Assay Office in NYC, New York opens
  • 1863 Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • 1865 John Wesley Hyatt patents the billiard ball made from cellulose nitrate (celluloid) in Albany, New York (patent US50359A)
  • 1868 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • 1868 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain

USAGreat Chicago Fire

1871 The Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, leaving approximately 300 dead, 100,000 homeless, and costing $222m in damage

Learn More
A depiction of the Great Chicago Fire which lasted from October 8 to October 10, 1871
A depiction of the Great Chicago Fire which lasted from October 8 to October 10, 1871
Learn More
  • 1874 Fiji becomes a British possession
  • 1886 1st dinner jacket (tuxedo) worn to autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, NY
  • 1888 Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania
  • 1889 Barnard College is founded in New York City after Columbia University refuses to accept women
  • 1900 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • 1900 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger

MurderMurder of Interest

1902 American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 The Women's Social and Political Union was formed by Emmeline Pankhurst to fight for women's rights in Britain.

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst
Emmeline Pankhurst

  • 1904 Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1911 The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Robert Borden becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Canada

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • 1913 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • 1913 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China

General and President of the Republic of China Yuan Shikai
General and President of the Republic of China
Yuan Shikai
  • 1914 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WWI)
  • 1917 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • 1918 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • 1920 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
  • 1923 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1931 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
  • 1931 William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast" premieres in Leeds
  • 1932 "Betty & Bob" premieres on radio
  • 1932 Dnjepr Dam in USSR put into operation (world's biggest)
  • 1933 1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter & Gamble, goes on sale
  • 1935 Coup under Gen Giorgios Kondylis in favor of Greek monarchy
  • 1935 League of Nations denounces Italian invasion of Abyssinia

  • 1938 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • 1941 RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancing
  • 1942 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • 1943 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • 1944 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • 1946 Max Frisch' "Die Chinesische Mauer" premieres in Zurich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1956 Fazal Mahmood takes 13-114 for match v Australia in Karachi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1957 A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, England becomes the world's first major nuclear accident
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald signs guestbook in hotel Helsinki

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1959 Pan Am begins regular flights around the world
  • 1960 16 California Poly football team members die in plane crash in Toledo
  • 1960 Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 4000 die
  • 1961 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 Indies assault up Chinese positions in North-India attack

  • 1963 Netherlands population hits 12,000,000
  • 1963 France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia
  • 1965 "Vinland Map" is introduced by Yale University as being the first known map of America, drawn about 1440
  • 1966 The Beach Boys release their influential single "Good Vibrations"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Brendan Behan's "Borstal Boy" premieres in Dublin

Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan
Irish Poet and Playwright
Brendan Behan
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Fiji gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1972 3 members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature explosion in a house in Balkan Street, Lower Falls, Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to allegations of tax fraud

Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
  • 1974 A's Mike Andrews files $25 million lawsuit against Charlie Finley
  • 1974 Canadian John Hathaway begins 2-yr ride of 50,600 miles

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1974 Labour Party led by Harold Wilson wins UK general election

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1974 The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) and its political wing the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP) founded at the Spa Hotel in the village of Lucan near Dublin
  • 1975 Israel formally signs Sinai accord with Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Beijing reports arrest of Mao Zedong's widow

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US Congress approves dollar coin honoring women's suffrage campaigner Susan B. Anthony

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Daniel Arap Moi succeeds Jomo Kenyatta as President of Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1978 Steve Perry joins Journey
  • 1979 Panama assumes sovereignty over Canal Area (ie Canal Zone)
  • 1979 Recorded trace of snow in Central Park NYC
  • 1980 4,500 die when a pair of earthquakes strikes NW Algeria
  • 1980 Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope network dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Anwar Sadat's funeral service held in Cairo

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1982 Hernan Siles Zuazo installed as president of Bolivia

Birthdays in History

  • 1344 Mary Plantagenet, English princess, daughter of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, born in Waltham, Hampshire (d. 1362)
  • 1486 Charles III, Duke of Savoy (1504-53), born in Chazey-sur-Ain, France (d. 1553)
  • 1567 Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain [Catalina Micaela de Austria], Duchess consort of Savoy (1585-97), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1597)
  • 1599 Jacob Aertsz Colom, Dutch publisher (Consolation of the Sea), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1673)
  • 1678 John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll and field marshal (Union of 1707), born in Ham House, Petersham, Surrey (d. 1743)
  • 1684 Jean-Antoine Watteau, French Rococo painter (fêtes galantes), born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1721)
  • 1700 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor, born in Nancy, Kingdom of France (d. 1759)
  • 1731 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist and chemist (discovered hydrogen), born in Nice (d. 1810)
  • 1738 Benjamin West, Anglo-American painter (Death of General Wolfe), born in Springfield, Province of Pennsylvania (d. 1820)
  • 1757 Erik Acharius, Swedish botanist (lichens), born in Gävle, Sweden (d. 1819)
  • 1779 Antoine Philippe Vischer, comte de Celles, Belgian-French politician, born in Brussels (d. 1841)
  • 1780 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, born in Aberdeen (d. 1844)
  • 1794 William Whiting Boardman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in New Milford, Connecticut (d. 1871)
  • 1817 C. H. D. Buys Ballot, Dutch meteorologist (Buys Ballot's law), born in Kloetinge, Netherlands (d. 1890)
  • 1819 Zebulon York, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Avon, Maine (d. 1900)

Person of interestPaul Kruger

1825 Paul Kruger, 3rd President of South African Republic (1883-1900) and face of Boer resistance during the Second Boer War, born in Steynsburg, Cape Colony (d. 1904)

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger
  • 1828 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (Speaker of the United States House of Representatives), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1890)
  • 1829 Dandridge McRae, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Baldwin County, Alabama (d. 1899)
  • 1830 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1832 Theodore Shelton Bowers, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Hummelstown, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania (d. 1866)
  • 1834 Aleksis Kivi, Finnish writer and poet (Nummisuutarit), born in Nurmijärvi, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1872)

Person of interestFridtjof Nansen

1861 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian Arctic explorer and advocate for refugees (Nobel Peace Prize 1922), born in Store Frøen, Christiania (d. 1930)

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • 1863 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (lifting 500 pounds (227 kg) with one finger and backlifting 4,337 pounds (1,967 kg)), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1912)
  • 1864 T. Frank Appleby, American Republican Party politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), born in Old Bridge Township, New Jersey (d. 1924)
  • 1865 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1870 Louise Mack, Australian poet and novelist, born in Hobart, Tasmania (d. 1935)
  • 1884 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer and writer (Bint), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)
  • 1885 Walter Anderson, German folklorist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Rie Cramer, Dutch writer and illustrator, born in Sukabumi, Dutch East Indies (d. 1977)
  • 1889 Han [Henricus Antonius] van Meegeren, Dutch painter and art forger (Vermeer), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • 1892 Earle Dickson, American inventor (Band-Aid), born in Grandview, Tennessee (d. 1961)
  • 1893 August Balthazar, Belgian politician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • 1895 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), born in Barzdorf, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1898 Lilly Daché, French-American milliner and fashion designer, born in Bègles, France (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Alberto Giacometti, Swiss-French painter and sculptor, born in Borgonovo, Stampa, Graubünden, Switzerland (d. 1966)
  • 1902 Dick Ket, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • 1903 Charles Théodore Henri Antoine Meinrad de Belgique, Count of Flanders, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1983)

Person of interestR.K. Narayan

1906 R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (Malguidi Days), born in Madras (d. 2001)

Novelist R.K. Narayan
R.K. Narayan
  • 1908 Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (La plaça del diamant), born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • 1909 Luc van Brabant, Flemish writer and erotic poet, born in Lokoren, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • 1910 Price Daniel, American politician (38th Governor of Texas), born in Dayton, Texas (d. 1988)

Person of interestClare Hollingworth

1911 Clare Hollingworth, British war correspondent who was the first to report on the outbreak of WWII, born in Knighton, England (d. 2017)

Journalist Clare Hollingworth
Clare Hollingworth
  • 1912 Charles Henry Madge, English poet and founder of Mass-Observation, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Claude Simon, Malagasy-French writer (Nobel Prize Literature 1985), born in Tananarive, Madagascar (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Jean Gimpel, French author and medievalist, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Yigal Allon, Israeli politician, born in Kfar Tavor, Palestine (d. 1980)
  • 1921 Boy Trip, Dutch minister, born in Amersfoort, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1922 Boeli van Leeuwen, Antillian writer (Vreemdeling Op Aarde), born in Curaçao (d. 2007)
  • 1924 James Clavell, British-American author (The Asian Saga), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1994)
  • 1925 Ivan Sviták, Czech philosopher and poet, born in Hranice na Moravě, Czechoslovakia (d. 1994)
  • 1925 Great Antonio [Antonio Barichievich], Croatian-Canadian strongman and eccentric, born in Zagreb, Yugoslavia (d. 2003)
  • 1927 John Eric Tieman, production manager (The Guardian) (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Adlai Stevenson III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Illinois), born in Chicago, Illinois

Person of interestHarold Pinter

1930 Harold Pinter, British playwright (The Homecoming, Servant), born in London, England (d. 2008)

Playwright Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
  • 1930 Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani Urdu poet, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1970)
  • 1933 Gerald Masters, South African-British author (Pan Book of Dates)
  • 1933 Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and Manson murder victim, born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 1969)
  • 1935 André Bureau, French Canadian lawyer and communications executive, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada
  • 1935 Khalil al-Wazir [Abu Jihad], Founder of Palestinian group Fatah and PLO leader, born in Ramla, Mandatory Palestine (d. 1988)
  • 1935 Ousmane Sow, Senegalese sculptor, born in Dhakar (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1938 Marcus Jan Adriani, biologist and director (Weevers' Duin) (d. 1995)
  • 1938 Toby Roth, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin), born in Strasburg, North Dakota
  • 1938 Daidō Moriyama, Japanese photographer, born in Ikeda, Osaka
  • 1939 Joe Pitts, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • 1941 Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian writer and environmentalist, born in Bori, Nigeria (d. 1995)
  • 1941 Laurence Henry Tribe, Harvard Law professor, born in Shanghai, China
  • 1942 Radu Vasile, Prime Minister of Romania (1998-99), born in Sibiu, Romania (d. 2013)
  • 1942 James Marshall, American illustrator and author (George and Martha, The Stupids), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1992)
  • 1943 Alexander MacMillan, 2nd Earl of Stockton, English publisher and politician
  • 1943 Frederick Barthelme, American author (There Must be Some Mistake), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1944 Christopher Ndodebandla Dlamini, South African trade unionist and SACP-leader, born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1944 Renier Schoeman, South African journalist and politician
  • 1946 Franco Malerba, Italian astronaut (STS 46), born in Genoa, Italy
  • 1946 Mildred Grieveson, English writer (Leopard in the Snow), born in England
  • 1946 Naoto Kan, Japanese politician (61st Prime Minister of Japan), born in Ube, Yamaguchi, Japan
  • 1950 Nora Roberts, American novelist (Angels Fall), born in Silver Spring, Maryland
  • 1951 Epeli Ganilau, Fijian soldier and politician (National Alliance Party of Fiji)
  • 1957 Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese artist, born in Niigata, Japan
  • 1958 John M. Grunsfeld, American physicist and astronaut (STS 67, 81), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1962 Rex J. Walheim, U.S. Air Force officer and NASA astronaut, born in Redwood City, California
  • 1963 Daniel Pearl, American journalist (kidnapped and murdered in Pakistan), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 2002)
  • 1965 Steve Scalise, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1967 Jonathan Littell, French-American writer (The Kindly Ones), born in NYC, New York
  • 1967 Gavin Newsom, American politician (Governor of California 2019-), born in San Francisco, California

Person of interestChris Ofili

1968 Chris Ofili, English painter (Turner prize - elephant dung), born in Manchester, England

Painter Chris Ofili
Chris Ofili
  • 1982 Amon Buchanan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1985 Dominique Cornu, Belgian professional cyclist, born in Beveren, Belgium

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1773 American revolution patriot Paul Revere (38) weds Rachel Walker in Boston, Massachusetts

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • 1993 Ted Kennedy Jr (32) weds psychiatrist Katherine Gershman (34)

Deaths in History

  • 413 BC Nicias, Athens politician (Peace of Nicias), killed at about 57
  • 19 Julius Caesar Germanicus, Roman commandant of Rijnleger, dies at 33
  • 680 Hazrat Hussein ibn Ali (RA), Muhammad's (SAW) grandson (b. 626) beheaded
  • 732 Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Arab Tihamite Governor of Andalusia, killed in combat at the Battle of Tours
  • 1359 King Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1295)
  • 1616 Maria van Nassau, countess of Buren, dies at 60
  • 1617 Bernardino Baldi, Italian mathematician and writer, dies at 64
  • 1651 Philippus Rovenius [Rouveen], apostole, dies at 77

Person of interestAbel Tasman

1659 Abel Tasman, Dutch seafarer and explorer (1st European to sight Tasmania, New Zealand and Fiji), dies around the age of 55

Explorer and Seafarer Abel Tasman
Explorer and Seafarer
Abel Tasman
  • 1691 Isaac de Benserade, French poet, dies at 77
  • 1708 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1714 Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
  • 1720 Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
  • 1723 William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1665)
  • 1725 Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, Governor-General of New France (b. 1643)
  • 1747 John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1674)
  • 1759 Granville Elliott, British military officer (b. 1713)
  • 1765 Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, dies at 77
  • 1791 C F D Schubart, writer, dies
  • 1795 Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian, dies at 81
  • 1797 Carter Braxton, American plantation owner and signer of the US Declaration of Independence, dies at 61
  • 1827 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet, dies at 49
  • 1834 Thomas Say, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, dies from typhoid fever at 47
  • 1836 Martha Jefferson Randolph, daughter of Thomas Jefferson the 3rd President of the U.S., dies at 64
  • 1858 Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German author/poet/diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1864 David Bullock Harris, US Confederate colonel, dies of yellow fever

Person of interestWilliam H. Seward

1872 William H. Seward, American politician (Secretary of State, 1861-69, Governor of New York, 1839-42), dies at 71

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward
  • 1873 Hermann Kurz, German poet and novelist (Schillers Heimatjahre), dies at 59
  • 1875 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (Prince Serebrenni), dies at 58
  • 1876 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • 1877 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist, dies at 76
  • 1885 John McCloskey, 1st American cardinal and Archbishop of New York, dies at 75
  • 1886 David L Yule, 1st Jewish US senator, dies
  • 1901 Lorenzo Snow, 5th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), dies at 87
  • 1910 Willem Maris, painter (Hague School), dies at 66
  • 1913 Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • 1913 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), dies at 74
  • 1914 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, mayor (Amsterdam)/foreign minister, dies at 73
  • 1914 Karol I, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, King of Romania (1881-1914), dies
  • 1914 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914), dies at 75
  • 1927 Gustave Whitehead, German-born inventor (b. 1874)

Person of interestElijah McCoy

1929 Elijah McCoy, Canadian-American inventor (57 patents), dies at 86

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Elijah McCoy
  • 1930 Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844)
  • 1931 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, dies at 84
  • 1935 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), dies at 72
  • 1942 Richard von Schaukal, Moravian-Austria poet and writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • 1943 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist gassed at Auschwitz aged 26
  • 1957 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, dies at 72
  • 1959 Prince Friedrich Aloys Johannes Maria, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania, dies at 88
  • 1963 Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer, dies at 70
  • 1964 Konrad Bayer, Ausrian writer, commits suicide at 31
  • 1970 Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Maritime (1956-68), dies at 60

Person of interestÉdouard Daladier

1970 Edouard Daladier, 72nd Prime Minister of France (1933, 1934 and 1938-40) and PM at the start of World War II, dies at 86

Prime Minister of France Édouard Daladier
Prime Minister of France
Édouard Daladier
  • 1971 John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian (b. 1901)
  • 1973 Albe [Renaut A. Joostens], Flemish writer (Paradise Bird), dies at 71
  • 1974 Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer, dies at 73

Person of interestLyudmila Pavlichenko

1974 Lyudmila Pavlichenko, Soviet sniper during World War II and the most successful female sniper in history with 309 confirmed kills, dies of a stroke at 58

Soviet Sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko
Soviet Sniper
Lyudmila Pavlichenko
  • 1977 Jean Duvieusart, 36th Prime Minister of Belgium, dies at 77
  • 1978 Gesina Van der Molen, Dutch WWII resistance fighter/lawyer, dies at 86
  • 1979 Christopher Evans, British psychologist and computer scientist (b. 1931)
  • 1982 Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1986 Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist, dies at 86
  • 1990 Michael A Salcido, dies at 39
  • 1990 Tom Murton, American penologist (b. 1928)
  • 1990 Irene Mayer Selznick, American socialite and theatrical producer (Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire"), dies at 83
  • 1991 Stephen J Falat, dies after long illness at 34
  • 1993 Djillali Belkhenchir, Algerian doctor, murdered at 52
  • 1993 Owen Saunders, English mathematician and mechanical engineer, dies at 89
  • 1994 Anna Hauptmann, wife of Lindbergh baby kidnapper Bruno, dies at 95
  • 1994 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and writer, dies at 86
  • 1994 Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist, dies at 74
  • 1995 Jimmy Nash, record company owner, dies at 47
  • 1995 John Rodolph, wheelchair-race world record holder, hit by truck at 31
  • 1995 Michelle Francis Bird, campaigner, dies at 30
  • 1995 Paolo Gucci, entrepreneur/accessories designer, dies at 64
  • 1995 Robert Finch, American politician (8th U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare), dies at 70
  • 1996 Dick Pickering, trade unionist, dies at 54
  • 1996 Hugh Stirling Mackenzie, British Royal Navy officer, dies at 83
  • 1996 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller, dies at 79
  • 1996 Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist, dies at 65
  • 1996 David Viscott, American psychiatrist and media personality, dies at 58
  • 1998 Clark Clifford, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
  • 1998 Tommy Quaid, Irish hurler (b. 1957)

Person of interestSirimavo Bandaranaike

2000 Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1960-65, 1970-77 and 1994-2000) and 1st female head of state, dies of a heart attack at 84

World's 1st Female Head of State Sirimavo Bandaranaike
World's 1st Female Head of State
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  • 2001 Eddie Futch, American boxing trainer, dies at 90
  • 2001 Vasily Mishin, Soviet rocket designer (b. 1917)
  • 2004 Arthur H. Robinson, American cartographer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (Season of the Jew), dies at 72
  • 2005 Wayne Booth, American literary critic (b. 1921)
  • 2005 Milton Obote, President of Uganda (b. 1925)
  • 2006 Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist (b. 1932)
  • 2006 Ian Scott, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007 Mehmed Uzun, Contemporary Kurdish writer and novelist. (b. 1953)
  • 2008 Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese businessman (b. 1947)
  • 2012 Kyaw Zaw, Burmese politician and soldier, dies at 92
  • 2013 Scott Carpenter, American astronaut (Mercury 7-Aurora 7), dies from complications from a stroke at 88
  • 2015 Hilla Becher (née Wobeser), German artist, worked collaboratively with husband Bernd Becher, dies at 81