On This Day in History for October 11

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • 1138 Earthquake in Aleppo, Syria, kills an estimated 230,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Pope Leo X
Leo X
  • 1531 Battle of Kappel: Swiss Roman Catholic cantons beat protestant forces of Zurich; Huldrych Zwingli Swiss reformation leader is killed
  • 1540 Emperor Karel names his son Philip, Duke of Milan
  • 1573 Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
  • 1614 Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
  • 1634 Burchardi flood - "the second Grote Mandrenke" kills about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany
  • 1674 Pierre Corneille's "Surena" premieres in Paris
  • 1687 Hungary accepts Habsburg sovereignty
  • 1698 France, England & Netherlands ratified the First Partition Treaty, which eventually led to the War of the Spanish Succession

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1726 Benjamin Franklin returns to Philadelphia from England

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1737 Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta, India
  • 1746 Battle of Rocoux: French defeat British, Austrian and Dutch armies
  • 1776 Brigadier-General Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British during the Battle of Valcour Island (American Revolutionary War)
  • 1797 Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): British navy defeats Dutch fleet
  • 1811 The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
  • 1852 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • 1861 Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
  • 1864 Slavery abolished in Maryland
  • 1864 Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 President Andrew Johnson paroles Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1865 Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
  • 1871 Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • 1873 Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
  • 1881 David Houston patents roll film for cameras
  • 1887 A Miles patents elevator
  • 1890 First 100 yard dash under 10 seconds run by John Owen in 9.8 sec at Analostan Island, Washington D.C.
  • 1890 Daughters of American Revolution founded
  • 1895 Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia rejects a treaty with Italy
  • 1899 South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • 1906 San Francisco Board of Education orders segregation in separate schools of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children sparking diplomatic crisis
  • 1914 German troops occupy Ghent
  • 1915 Bulgarian anti-Serbian offensive begins
  • 1915 Despite international protest, Edith Cavell an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners
  • 1918 Major tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • 1919 First transcontinental air race ends
  • 1922 First woman FBI "special investigator", Alaska Davidson, appointed
  • 1922 Turkey & Greece sign cease fire
  • 1923 German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
  • 1924 Bureau of Surrealist Research opens in Paris, directed by Antonin Artaud, resource centre for surrealist writers
  • 1925 Belgian episcopelian speaks against Flemish activism
  • 1929 Sean O'Casey's "Silver Tassle" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1930 Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
  • 1931 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Stalin forces Zinoviev & Kamenev out of Communist Party

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1936 "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Albert Einstein informs FDR of the possibilities of an atomic bomb

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Bucky Harris signs to manage Washington again
  • 1939 NAACP organized Legal Defense & Education Fund

  • 1941 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
  • 1942 -Oct 12] Naval battle at Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal
  • 1944 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • 1944 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1945 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • 1947 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
  • 1955 All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
  • 1955 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • 1956 AL President Will Harridge bars Washington Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
  • 1958 2nd US Moon probe, Pioneer 1, reaches 113,810 km, falls back
  • 1960 Hurricane ravages East-Pakistan (6,000 die)
  • 1961 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1962 1st appearance of a Gabor sister on Merv Griffin Show

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Second Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII

  • 1967 Yoko Plus Me art exhibit opens in London (the me is John Lennon)
  • 1968 Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele & Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours
  • 1968 Coup d'état in Panama against President Arnulfo Arias
  • 1969 -28] Rome: 2nd bishop synod
  • 1969 Soyuz 6 launched; Soyuz 7 & 8 follow in next 2 days
  • 1969 Three people shot dead during street violence in the loyalist Shankill area of Belfast
  • 1971 Brooks Robinson ties Series record, reaches base 5 straight times
  • 1971 Frank McGee becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • 1971 Switzerland recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1972 Panama adopts constitution
  • 1972 Prison uprising at Washington, D.C. jail
  • 1973 Oakland beats Baltimore 3 games to 2 to win AL pennant
  • 1973 Héctor José Cámpora is elected President of Argentina
  • 1974 A's Catfish Hunter charge owner Charlie Finley with breach of contract

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Mao Zedong's widow Jiang Qing & "Gang of Four" arrested & charged with plotting a coup

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • 1977 Soyuz 25 returns to Earth
  • 1978 Aristides Royo elected president of Panama
  • 1978 Belgium government of Tindemans resigns
  • 1979 German DR frees dissidents Rudolf Bahro & Nico Hubner
  • 1979 Allan McLeod Cormack & Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing CAT scan
  • 1980 Cosmonauts Popov & Ryumin set space endurance record of 184 days
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1981 LeRoy Irvin sets yards gained on punt returns record (207 yds)
  • 1982 English ship Mary Rose, which sank during an engagement with France in 1545, raised at Portsmouth, England
  • 1982 Riot in Amsterdam as tram catches fire
  • 1983 Last hand-cranked telephones US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial
  • 1984 1st space walk by US woman (Dr Kathryn D Sullivan)
  • 1984 August Wilson's "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom" premieres in NYC
  • 1984 NASA launches space vehicle S-208
  • 1984 US Vice Presidential candidates' debate - Geraldine Ferraro (D) & George H. W. Bush (R)

Birthdays in History

  • 1573 Jacob Boonen, South Netherlands clergyman and lawyer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1655)
  • 1593 Nicolaas Tulp, Mayor of Amsterdam (1654-71), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1674)
  • 1611 Hugues de Lionne, Marquess de Berry, French ambassador to Rome, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1671)
  • 1661 Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat, Cardinal and poet, born in Chateau de la Ronte, Haute-Loire, France (d. 1741)
  • 1671 Frederik IV, King of Denmark and Norway (1699-1730), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1730)
  • 1675 Samuel Clarke, English philosopher and theologian, born in Norwich, England (d. 1729)
  • 1738 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, 1st Governor of New South Wales (1788-92), born in Cheapside, London (d. 1814)
  • 1758 Wilhelm Olbers, German astronomer and physician, discovered asteroids (Pallas & Vesta), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1840)
  • 1768 Adriaan van den Ende, Dutch vicar and educationalist, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1846)
  • 1782 Steen Steensen Blicher, Danish poet and short-story writer (E Binddstouw), born in Vium, Denmark (d. 1848)
  • 1786 Stevenson Archer, American judge and Congressmen from Maryland, born in Churchville, Maryland (d. 1848)
  • 1803 Albartus Telting, Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen), born in Franeker, Netherlands (d. 1863)
  • 1806 Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia (1842-58), born in Topola, Serbia (d. 1885)
  • 1809 Orson Squire Fowler, American phrenologist and lecturer, born in Cohocton, New York (d. 1887)
  • 1814 Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (1853-85), born in Lempdes, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1888)
  • 1815 Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican representative of the people, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1881)
  • 1820 Alfred Washington Ellet, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1895)
  • 1821 George Williams, English philanthropist and founder of YMCA, born in Dulverton, West Somerset, England (d. 1905)
  • 1825 Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, Swiss writer, born in Zürich (d. 1898)
  • 1825 Elkanah Brackin Greer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1877)
  • 1835 Hunter McGuire, American physician and Med Director (Confederate Army), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1900)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844 Henry John Heinz, founded prepared-foods company (Heinz-57 varieties), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1919)

Founder of Heinz Henry John Heinz
Founder of Heinz
Henry John Heinz
  • 1865 Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian philological and writer (Mot Karnaval), born in Øksfjord, Norway (d. 1926)
  • 1871 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, born in Fredrikstad, Norway (d. 1943)
  • 1872 Harlan Fiske Stone, Chief Justice Supreme Court (1941-46), born in Chesterfield, New Hampshire (d. 1946)
  • 1875 Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), born in Brașov, Romania (d. 1913)
  • 1876 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • 1881 Stark Young, American writer (So Red the Rose), born in Como, Mississippi (d. 1963)
  • 1881 Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal philosopher and political philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1973)
  • 1882 Will Vesper, German author (Vom grossen Krieg), born in Wuppertal, Germany (d. 1962)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1884 Eleanor Roosevelt, American 1st lady (1933-1945) human rights advocate (UN), born in NYC, New York (d. 1962)

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • 1884 Friedrich Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel 1931), born in Breslau (Wrocław), Germany (d. 1949)
  • 1884 Sig Ruman [Siegfried Albon Rumann], German-American actor (Schultz-Life With Luigi), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1967)
  • 1885 Alfred Haar, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1933)
  • 1885 Francois Mauriac, French novelist, poet and playwright (Nobel 1952), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1970)
  • 1891 Antonius [Jacob LT] van der Veen Zeppenfeldt, Antillian Bishop
  • 1896 Roman Jakobson, Russian-American linguist and Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1982)
  • 1897 Nathan F Twining, USAF general (Neither Liberty nor Safety)
  • 1897 Russell Collins, New Orleans LA
  • 1902 Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian freedom fighter and political leader (d. 1979)
  • 1905 Fred Trump, American real estate developer, father of Donald Trump, born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1910 Francis James Claude Piggott, soldier
  • 1910 Joseph Alsop, political newspaper columnist (Men Around the President)
  • 1913 J J Pickle, (Rep-D-TX, 1963- )
  • 1914 Edward J Day, US Postmaster General (1961)
  • 1915 Florence Finch, Philippine American war hero (WWII), born in Santiago, Philippines (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Elmore Leonard, American writer (Glitz, Mr Majestyk, Touch, 52 Pick-Up), (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Nhất Hạnh, Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk
  • 1927 Joséphine-Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Princess of Belgium, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2005)
  • 1930 Sam Johnson, American politician (Rep-R-Texas), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1931 Dorothy Woolfolk, American comic book editor (d. 2000)
  • 1937 Georgi Vladimirovich Machinski, cosmonaut
  • 1937 R. H. W. Dillard, American poet
  • 1939 Franklin A Sonn, union leader (South African workers)
  • 1942 Malvin Whitfield, Bay City Tx, track star (Oly-3 gold/silv/br-48, 52)
  • 1942 Victor H Fazio, (Rep-D-California, 1979- )
  • 1946 Oba Chandler, American convicted murderer
  • 1947 Lucas Papademos, Greek economist
  • 1950 Patty Murry, (Sen-D Washington)
  • 1950 Thomas J "Tom" Tauke, American politician (House of Representatives, Iowa, 1979-1991), born in Dubuque, Iowa
  • 1956 Nicanor Duarte Frutos, President of Paraguay
  • 1957 Paul Sereno, American paleontologist
  • 1959 Bob Inglis, (Rep-R-South Carolina)
  • 1963 Prince Faisal bin Al Hussein of Jordan
  • 1967 Peter Thiel, German-American entrepreneur, co-founder of PayPal, born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1969 Prince Constantijn, CF Aschwin, of Netherlands
  • 1969 Ty Murray, rodeo cowboy(5-time all-around world champion)
  • 1976 Brent Bennett, American mercenary
  • 1977 Claudia Palacios, Colombian television journalist
  • 1983 William Sledd, American internet personality
  • 1983 Ruslan Ponomariov, Ukrainian chess player
  • 1989 Henry Lau, member of Korean Boy Band Super Junior M

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1948 Fellow students Fidel Castro and Mirta Diaz-Balart marry (divorced 1955)

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

HeartWedding of Interest

1954 Philippine president Corazon Aquino (21) weds Tarlac governor Benigno Aquino Jr (22) in Pasay City, Philippines

11th President of the Philippines Corazon Aquino
11th President of the Philippines
Corazon Aquino

HeartWedding of Interest

1975 Future US President Bill Clinton (29) weds future US Senator and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham (28) in a Methodist ceremony in their living room in Fayetteville, Arkansas

Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton
42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 2003 American Pie star Alyson Hannigan (29) weds Angel's Alexis Denisof (37) at the Two Bunch Palms Resort & Spa in Palm Springs, California

Deaths in History

  • 732 Abd ar-Rahman, Yemenite general strategist (Bordeaux occupier), dies
  • 965 Bruno I, archbishop of Cologne/duke of Lutheran, dies at about 40
  • 1188 Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France
  • 1303 Boniface VIII, [Benedetto Gaetani], lawyer/pope (1294-1303), dies
  • 1347 Louis IV, Duke of Bayern/Romania-Germany King/emperor, dies
  • 1424 Jan Zizka, Czech (army)leader (Hussieten), dies of plague at 46
  • 1531 Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss church reformer (Zwinglianen), dies
  • 1598 Joachim Camerarius, German botanist (horticulture catalog), dies
  • 1617 Franchois Vranck, economist/writer (Deduction), dies at about 62
  • 1666 Henry de Fleury dee Coulan, mister of Buat/ritmeester, dies
  • 1705 Guillaume Amontons, French physicist, dies at 42
  • 1708 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
  • 1721 Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist, dies at 84
  • 1725 Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (b. 1639)
  • 1779 Casimir Pułaski, Polish born fighter for American independence (b. 1745) dies in Battle of Savannah

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 Meriwether Lewis, American soldier, public administrator and explorer (Lewis & Clark Expedition), dies under mysterious circumstances at 35 along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee at an inn called Grinder's Stand

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
  • 1811 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
  • 1812 Jurriaan F de Frederici, Dutch governor-gen (Suriname), dies at 60
  • 1821 John Ross Key, American judge and lawyer (b. 1754)
  • 1839 Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna, Portuguese poet, dies at 88
  • 1850 Louisa Maria, queen of Belgium (1832-50)/wife of Leopold I, dies at 38
  • 1852 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)
  • 1889 James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
  • 1891 Charles Stewart Parnells remains buried in Ireland
  • 1896 Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1829)
  • 1925 Karl M Lybeck, Fin/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten), dies at 71
  • 1933 Josef Hofmiller, writer, dies
  • 1935 Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
  • 1940 Lluís Companys, President of Generalitat of Catalonia (shot) (b. 1882)
  • 1940 Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1860)
  • 1958 Johannes R. Becher, German writer and politician, dies at 67
  • 1962 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian Botanist who was one of three scientists to independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, dies at 90
  • 1963 Jean Cocteau, French author (La Voie Humaine), dies at 73
  • 1965 Dorothea Lange, American photographer (b. 1895)
  • 1965 Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1884)
  • 1971 Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (b. 1898)
  • 1976 Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (b. 1897)
  • 1977 Mason Gross, professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money), dies at 66
  • 1977 MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
  • 1989 M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (b. 1904)
  • 1990 Douglas Edwards, WW II correspondent, dies of cancer at 73
  • 1991 Steven Jesse Bernstein, American underground poet (suicide) (b. 1950)
  • 1992 Theo Wolvencamp, painter (Cobra), dies
  • 1992 Willem RJ Wittkampf, journalist/writer (Liner, Cannon), dies
  • 1994 Nic Jonk, sculptor/painter (Nereus on Zeepaard), dies at 66
  • 1996 Arthur Walter Lucas, picture restorer, dies at 80
  • 1996 Edith Tilton Penrose, American-born British economist (The Theory of the Growth of the Firm), dies at 81
  • 1996 Terry Patchett, politician, dies at 56
  • 1996 William Vickrey, economist, dies at 82
  • 1996 Lars Ahlfors, Finnish mathematician (b. 1907)
  • 1999 J. Franklin Hyde, American inventor (created silica), dies at 96
  • 2000 Donald Campbell Dewar, Scotish politician (1st minister of Scotland's first Parliament in almost 300yrs), dies from health complications at 63
  • 2003 Franklyn Perring, English Botanist, dies of cancer at 76
  • 2005 Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and Prime Minister in exile (b. 1915)
  • 2005 Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Linguist, and writer of Pakistan (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Howard Kerzner, Chief Executive Officer of Kerzner International (b. 1964)
  • 2006 Benito Martínez, Cuban who claimed to be the oldest person, died mildly ironically. Family didn't mourn - mostly dead also. (b. ?1880)
  • 2007 David Lee "Tex" Hill, World War Two fighter pilot, flying ace, 1st American Volunteer Group (b. 1915)
  • 2008 Jörg Haider, Austrian far-right politician (b. 1950)