On This Day

On This Day in History for October 12

Events in History

  • 539 BC The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon
  • 638 Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
  • 642 John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1160 Maurice de Sully is elected bishop of Paris, will initiate plan to build Notre Dame
  • 1165 Jewish rabbi and philosopher Moses ben Maimon (aka Maimonides or the Rambam) reaches Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1216 King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash as the flood tide swamps his wagons, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge

King of England King John
King of England
King John
  • 1279 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
  • 1285 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany and are set on fire
  • 1366 King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
  • 1398 The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
  • 1459 Battle at Ludford Bridge: Richard of York defeated
  • 1492 Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1492 Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on a Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1504 Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament

Queen of Castile Isabella I of Castile
Queen of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
  • 1509 Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy

Papal VisitThe Protestant Reformation

1518 Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther

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1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
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  • 1549 John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, forces the Duke of Somerset out of his office as Lord Protector.
  • 1576 Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1609 Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" published in London
  • 1654 The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100
  • 1659 English "Rump" Parliament dismisses John Lambert and other Parliamentary generals

CrownRoyal Coronation

1711 Charles VI is crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Frankfurt

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1729 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1730 Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1740 English evangelist George Whitefield preaches to 30,000 people in Boston in the US during the 'Great Awakening'

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield
  • 1773 America's first asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia
  • 1776 British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 French Revolution: King Louis XVI writes secretly to the King of Spain about complaining of harsh treatment; the Count of Artois writes to the Austrian king requesting military intervention in France

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1792 First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
  • 1798 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • 1798 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
  • 1815 Ex-king Joachim Murat of Naples sentenced to death
  • 1822 Second eruption of Galunggung in Java destroys summit of mountain
  • 1823 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
  • 1836 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
  • 1854 Lincoln University founded in Pennsylvania as Ashmun Institute

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 Self-proclaimed Emperor of the USA, Emperor Norton issues edict abolishing the US Congress

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • 1860 British & French troops capture Beijing
  • 1861 Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 JEB Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan"

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • 1862 Major General Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Confederate troops in Mississippi
  • 1862 Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 War of the Triple Alliance begins with Brazilian troops under the command of Gen. João Propício Mena Barreto invading Uruguay

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • 1871 US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • 1872 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • 1879 British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1881 Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
  • 1886 Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
  • 1891 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • 1892 US Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools during Columbus Day
  • 1898 Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
  • 1899 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S. Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Theodore Roosevelt renames the "Executive Mansion" as "The White House"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1914 The First Battle of Ypres begins

Historic InventionModel T

1915 Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth automobile at the River Rouge plant in Detroit

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The 1910 Model T Ford
The 1910 Model T Ford
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1915 Despite international protest, Edith Cavell an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners

  • 1918 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • 1920 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
  • 1920 Man O'War's last race & win
  • 1924 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
  • 1925 German-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1927 Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
  • 1928 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
  • 1931 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform

BrazilChrist the Redeemer

1931 Christ the Redeemer statue opens standing 30 meters high (98 ft) on top of Mount Corcovado overlooking Rio de Janeiro, built by engineer Heitor da Silva Costa

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Christ the Redeemer statue, Brazil
Christ the Redeemer statue, Brazil
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  • 1933 Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio

Gangster John Dillinger
John Dillinger
FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment

  • 1941 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • 1942 Successful Soviet counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • 1942 US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
  • 1943 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • 1944 German army retreats from Athens
  • 1953 US & Greece sign peace treaty (US bases)
  • 1956 Marga Klompé becomes first Dutch women elected minister
  • 1957 First commercial flight between California & Antarctica
  • 1957 Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1958 CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1959 At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on his desk at UN General Assembly session

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology
  • 1962 Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
  • 1963 Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
  • 1963 San Francisco's Oakland Bay Bridge converted to 1-way on each deck
  • 1964 Launch of Voskhod 1, first time 3 people in space (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov)
  • 1968 Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
  • 1969 1st time 5 people in space
  • 1969 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KAPN
  • 1969 KHOF (now KAGL) TV ch 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, CA (IND) begins
  • 1969 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 7 is launched
  • 1970 Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East
  • 1972 46 sailors injured in race riot on American aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk
  • 1972 Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot

Birthdays in History

  • 1008 Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan, 68th Emperor of Japan (1016-36), born in Heian-kyō, Japan (d. 1036)
  • 1350 Dmitry Donskoy, Grand Prince of Moscow (1359-89), born in Moscow (d. 1389)
  • 1537 Edward VI Tudor, King of England (1547-53), born in Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex, England (d. 1553)
  • 1558 Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria (1612-18), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1618)
  • 1558 Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit, born in Riom, France (d. 1651)
  • 1576 Thomas Dudley, British colonial governor of Massachusetts, born in Northamptonshire, England (d. 1653)
  • 1602 William Chillingworth, English religious leader, born in Oxford, England (d. 1644)
  • 1710 Jonathan Trumbull, American politician and statesman, born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1785)
  • 1712 William Shippen, American physician and delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1801)
  • 1725 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist, born in Paris (d. 1810)
  • 1742 Johann Peter Melchior, German sculptor, born in Lindorf, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1762 Jan Willem Janssens, Dutch Governor-General of Cape colony and Dutch-Indies, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1838)
  • 1775 Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1863)
  • 1792 Christian Gmelin, German chemist, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1860)
  • 1798 Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil (1822-31) and King of Portugal (1826), born in Queluz Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1834)
  • 1801 Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss politician, born in Lindau, Germany (d. 1873)
  • 1813 Lyman Trumbull, U.S. Senator from Illinois (1855-73), born in Colchester, Connecticut (d. 1896)
  • 1815 William J. Hardee, U.S. Army officer (Confederate Army), born in Camden County, Georgia (d. 1873)
  • 1822 Joseph Haydn Potter, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Concord, New Hampshire (d. 1892)
  • 1832 Walter T Watts-Dunton, English lawyer, poet and writer (Aylwin), born in St. Ives, England (d. 1914)
  • 1844 George W. Cable, American writer (Northampton Years), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1925)
  • 1855 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1926)
  • 1860 Elmer Ambrose Sperry, American entrepreneur and inventor (gyrocompass), born in Cincinnatus, New York (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)

Person of interestRamsay MacDonald

1866 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1875 Aleister Crowley, British occultist, founded the religion of Thelema, born in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire England (d. 1947)
  • 1878 Karl Buresch, Austrian lawyer and politician, born in Groß-Enzersdorf, Austria (d. 1936)
  • 1880 Louis Hémon, French novelist (Maria Chapdelaine), born in Brest, France (d. 1913)
  • 1881 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), born in Berlin, Wisconsin (d. 1955)
  • 1887 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet and writer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1951)
  • 1891 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), born in Breslau (Silesia), Germany (d. 1942) [1]
  • 1893 Velvalee Dickinson, American spy, convicted of espionage against the United States on behalf of Japan during World War II, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1980)
  • 1894 Charles Hodge, NYU professor (Answers for Americans) (d. 1964)
  • 1894 Elisabeth Antoinette de Vreugd, chambermaid for Dutch queen, born in Katwijk, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1896 Eugenio Montale, Italian poet and translator (Xenia-Nobel 1975), born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1902 Dick Binnendijk, Dutch poet and literary critic (Authoritarian Regimes in Transition), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1984)
  • 1903 Grayson L. Kirk, 14th President of Columbia University (1953-68), born in Jeffersonville, Ohio (d. 1997)
  • 1904 Ding Ling, Chinese writer (The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River), born in Linli, Hunan, China (d. 1986)
  • 1904 Lester Dent, American writer (Doc Savage), born in La Plata, Missouri (d. 1959)
  • 1906 Eddie Myers, British WWII soldier and engineer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Ann Lane Petry, American journalist and author (Street), born in Old Saybrook, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Paul Engle, American poet and writer (Worm Earth, American Song), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1991)
  • 1910 Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Louis de Guiringaud, French foreign minister (1976-78), born in Limoges, France (d. 1982)
  • 1919 Gilles Beaudoin, Canadian politician (Mayor of Trois-Rivières), born in Trois-Rivières, Canada (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Jean Nidetch, businesswoman and founder of Weight Watchers, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1925 Fons Jansen, Dutch news reader and cabaretier, born in Bussum, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1925 Denis Lazure, Canadian physician and politician, born in Napierville, Quebec (d. 2008)
  • 1926 César Pelli, Argentine American architect (Petronas Towers), born in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina (d. 2019)
  • 1928 Thomas Burnett Swann, American sci-fi author (Day of Minotaur), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1976)
  • 1928 Al Held, American painter and sculptor (hard edge-style), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Robert Coles, American author (Anna Freud, Pulitzer 1973), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1932 Jake Edwin Garn, American politician (US Senate-R-Utah, 1974-93) and NASA astronaut (STS-51-D), born in Richfield, Utah
  • 1933 Guido Molinari, Canadian painter, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Richard Meier, American architect and abstract artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1934 Albert Shiryaev, Russian mathematician, known for his work in probability theory, statistics and financial mathematics, born in Shchyolkovo, Russia
  • 1935 William Raspberry, American columnist (Pulitzer 1994), born in Okolona, Mississippi (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Robert Mangold, American minimalist artist, born in North Tonawanda, New York
  • 1939 Carolee Schneemann, American performance artist, born in Fox Chase, Philadelphia
  • 1941 Craig Washington, American politician (Rep-D-Texas), born in Longview, Texas
  • 1941 Michael Mansfield, English barrister, born in London
  • 1943 Jeffrey MacDonald, American medical doctor convicted of murdering his wife and two daughters, born in Queens, New York City
  • 1949 Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan international terrorist, born in Michelena, Venezuela
  • 1950 Dave Freudenthal, American economist and politician (31st Governor of Wyoming), born in Thermopolis, Wyoming
  • 1951 Ed Royce, American politician (Rep-R-California), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1953 Serge Lepeltier, French politician, born in Le Veurdre, Allier, France
  • 1954 Tom Blomberg, Dutch radio host and producer (Evening Rush Hour), born in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • 1955 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, born in Tkon, Croatia
  • 1959 Abigail Kingsley Alling, American executive (Biosphere 2), born in NYC, New York
  • 1959 Anna Escobedo Cabral, 42nd Treasurer of the United States, born in San Bernardino, California
  • 1962 Branko Crvenkovski, 3rd President of Macedonia, born in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia
  • 1963 Lane Frost, American professional bull rider, born in La Junta, Otero County Colorado (d. 1989)
  • 1965 Scott O'Grady, American Air Force fighter pilot, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1965 Hirokazu Yasuhara, Japanese video game designer (Sonic the Hedgehog), born in Japan
  • 1986 Li Wenliang, Chinese doctor who tried to raise the alarm over COVID-19, born in Beizhen, China (d. 2020)
  • 1997 Boris, Prince of Bulgaria, born in Madrid, Spain

Weddings in History

  • 1810 First Oktoberfest: The Bavarian royalty invites the citizens of Munich to join the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.

LoveWedding of Interest

1822 "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" author Victor Hugo (20) weds Adele Fourcher

Author Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo

LoveWedding of Interest

1893 Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (37) weds Margaret James Murray

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

LoveWedding of Interest

1929 US military leader George Marshall (48) weds Katherine Tupper

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 2013 Actor Ben Feldman (33) weds longtime girlfriend Michelle Mulitz at Smokey Glen Farm in Gaithersburg, Maryland
  • 2013 "30 Rock" actor Keith Powell weds visual artist Jill Knox at Tribeca Rooftop in NYC, New York
  • 2018 Britain's Princess Eugenie marries Jack Brooksbank at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

Deaths in History

  • 632 Edwin of Deira, King of Northumbria and Bretwalda
  • 638 Honorius I [dux plebis], Italian Pope, dies
  • 642 Pope John IV, Dalmatian born Pope (640-42), dies
  • 1093 Robrecht de Fries, earl of Flanders (1071-93), dies at about 62
  • 1095 Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
  • 1176 William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician
  • 1320 Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Byzantine Emperor (1295-1320), eldest son of Andronikos II Palaiologos and Anna of Hungary, dies at 43
  • 1343 Reinald II, duke of Gelre, dies
  • 1491 Fritz Herlen, German artist
  • 1492 Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
  • 1565 Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)
  • 1576 Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor (1564-76), dies
  • 1590 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)
  • 1600 Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit priest (De liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis), dies at 65
  • 1632 Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646 François de Bassompierre, marshal of France, dies at 67
  • 1654 Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, painter, is injured in the Delft Explosion and later dies of his injuries
  • 1666 Dirck Graswinckel, Dutch States-General court clerk, dies at 66
  • 1672 Frederik of Nassau, count of Buren, slain in battle
  • 1678 Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
  • 1679 William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
  • 1685 Geeraerdt Burns, theologist/poet/historian, dies at 59
  • 1685 Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1685 Gerard Brandt, Dutch theologist, poet and historian, dies at 59
  • 1694 Matsuo Basho, greatest Japanese haiku poet, dies
  • 1730 Frederik IV, King of Denmark and Norway (1699-1730), dies at 59
  • 1758 Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • 1791 A L Karschin, writer, dies at 68
  • 1820 Elias Annes Borger, theologist/poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
  • 1829 Jacobus Blue, Dutch regent/patriot, dies at about 73
  • 1837 Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina, Queen of Netherlands, dies at 62
  • 1837 Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (1815-37), dies at 62
  • 1844 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), dies at 43

Person of interestElizabeth Fry

1845 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, dies of a stroke at 65

English Social Reformer Elizabeth Fry
English Social Reformer
Elizabeth Fry
  • 1858 Ando Hiroshige, Japanese painter, dies at 61
  • 1860 Harry Smith, English military commander and leader of British-Indian forces (Battle of Aliwal), dies at 73
  • 1864 Roger Taney, 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87

Person of interestRobert E. Lee

1870 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 63

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1875 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1887 Dinah Craik, English writer (John Halifax, Gentleman), dies at 61
  • 1890 William Worth Belknap, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies from a heart attack at 61
  • 1896 Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (Council President of Denmark 1865-70), dies at 78
  • 1898 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • 1904 Charles Dowd, American principal who was the 1st to propose standardized time zones (for America's railways), struck and killed by a train at 79
  • 1914 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", dies at 76
  • 1915 Edith Louisa Cavell, British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium during World War I at 49

BattleEdith Cavell

1915 Edith Cavell, British nurse (WWI), executed by firing squad at 49

  • 1922 Daisy M C Baers, Flemish philosophy/theory, dies at 33
  • 1922 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, dies at 33
  • 1924 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), dies at 80
  • 1926 Edwin Abbott Abbott, English schoolmaster, theologian, and author (Flatland), dies at 87
  • 1929 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher/theorist, dies at 52
  • 1934 Gertrude Käsebier, American photographer dies aged 82
  • 1936 Edwin Blashfield, American painter who decorated the dome of Library of Congress, dies at 87
  • 1941 Harry Micajah Daugherty, American politician, lawyer and political manager accused of corruption, dies at 81
  • 1944 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42
  • 1945 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida
  • 1946 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China), dies
  • 1948 Alfred Kerr, German-British writer, dies at 80
  • 1948 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, dies at 63
  • 1951 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, dies in captivity at 62
  • 1954 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, dies in a plane crash of his experiential F-100 Super Sabre at 36
  • 1955 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, dies of a urinary tract infection at 87
  • 1958 Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect and painter, dies at 59
  • 1959 Arnoldt Bronnen, writer, dies at 63
  • 1960 Inejiro Asanuma, Leader of the Japanese Socialist Party, murdered at 61
  • 1961 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, dies of stomach cancer at 66
  • 1964 J Howard Frazer, USTA pres, dies in office
  • 1967 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician, dies at 57
  • 1969 Serge Poliakoff, Russ/French painter, dies
  • 1970 Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani Urdu poet, dies at 40
  • 1971 Dean Acheson, American statesman and U.S. Secretary of State (1949-53), dies at 78
  • 1977 Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter, dies at 86
  • 1978 Nancy Spungen, killed by boyfriend Sid Vicious in NYC
  • 1983 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61
  • 1984 Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (bombing victim) (b. 1925)
  • 1987 Alfred M Landon, former Kansas Gov, dies at his Topeka home at 100
  • 1987 Philleo Nash, US Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-67), dies at 77
  • 1988 Ruth Manning-Sanders, author of children's books (b. 1895)
  • 1989 Jay Ward, American cartoonist (Rocky & His Friends, Bullwinkle), dies of kidney cancer at 69
  • 1990 Rifaat Maghub, president Egyptian MP, murdered
  • 1990 Tom Carvel, Greek born American ice cream mogul (Carvels), dies at 84
  • 1991 Arkady Natanovich Strugatsky, Soviet-Russian sci-fi author (Tale of the Troika), dies at 66
  • 1992 Ulysses Guimaraes, Brazilian MP (chairman), dies in accident
  • 1994 Gérald Godin, French-Canadian poet and politician, dies at 55
  • 1996 David Gilroy Bevan, British politician, dies at 86
  • 1996 Pavel Alexandrovich Solovyov, aero-engine designer, dies at 79
  • 1996 Trevor Illtyd williams, scientific writer, dies at 75
  • 1998 Mario Beaulieu, French Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 1998 Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1999 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner, dies at 80
  • 2001 Quintin Hogg, British politician, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, dies at 94 (b. 1907)
  • 2003 Jim Cairns, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 2005 C. Delores Tucker, American politician and civil rights activist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (b. 1934)
  • 2008 Karl Chircop, Maltese politician (b. 1965)
  • 2008 Marta Pan, Hungarian-French sculptor (Great spiral), dies at 85
  • 2010 Belva Plain, American novelist (b. 1919)
  • 2011 Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist (created C programming language, helped developed Unix), dies at 70
  • 2013 Oscar Hijuelos, American novelist (The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love), dies from a heart attack at 62