On This Day

On This Day in History for October 14

Events in History

  • 530 Discorus ends his reign as Catholic anti-Pope

Declaration of WarNorman Invasion of England

1066 Battle of Hastings: William, Duke of Normandy and his Norman army defeat the English forces of Harold II who is killed in the battle

Learn More
William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
Learn More

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1322 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
King of England Edward II
King of England
Edward II

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1468 Treaty of Peronne: Duke Charles the Stoute & French King Louis XI

King of France Louis XI
King of France
Louis XI

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1492 Christopher Columbus leaves San Salvador; arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (Bahamas)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1586 Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots
  • 1700 Rabbi Judah Hasid & Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • 1745 French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • 1758 Battle at Hochkirk, Saksen: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1773 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
  • 1773 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1774 1st Continental Congress makes Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia
  • 1805 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
  • 1806 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • 1812 Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
  • 1834 First African-American granted a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
  • 1834 In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
  • 1840 Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
  • 1843 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
  • 1862 Excelsiors defeat Unions of Morrisania 13-9
  • 1863 Battle at Bristoe Station, Virginia (about 2000 casualties)
  • 1865 Cheyennes & Arapahos sign "peace treaty" then chased out Colorado
  • 1867 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns in Japan
  • 1882 University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.

InventionHistoric Invention

1884 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1892 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" collection of 12 stories originally published serially in "The Strand Magazine"

  • 1893 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • 1893 Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1901 Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King" premieres in NYC
  • 1912 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • 1912 Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government
  • 1913 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • 1914 German troops occupy Brug
  • 1916 Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
  • 1916 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.
  • 1920 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
  • 1922 1st Thom McAn shoe store opens on Third Avenue NYC
  • 1922 1st automated telephones-Pennsylvania exchange in NYC
  • 1925 Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1926 A. A. Milne's book "Winnie the Pooh" released

Author A. A. Milne
A. A. Milne
  • 1931 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
  • 1931 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church & State
  • 1933 Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations
  • 1934 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres
  • 1938 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • 1939 German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War''Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

1940 Balham tube station in London is bombed by the German Luftwaffe during the Blitz, killing 64-66 people

Read Article
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Read Article
  • 1941 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga
  • 1942 Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
  • 1942 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
  • 1942 Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • 1943 600 Jewish prisoners mount an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland, 300 successfully escape

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • 1943 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • 1944 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • 1944 British troops march into Athens
  • 1945 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • 1946 Netherland & Indonesia sign cease fire
  • 1947 Chuck Yeager in Bell XS-1 makes 1st supersonic flight (Mach 1.015)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina gives golden award to general Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1948 Batavia lt-governor-general van Mook dismissed
  • 1948 Large scale fighting between Israel & Egypt
  • 1949 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • 1949 Chinese Red army occupies Canton
  • 1950 Rev Sun Young Moon liberated from Hung Nam prison
  • 1951 Organization of Central American States forms
  • 1952 UN General Assembly first meets at its new headquarters in New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 One of the most influential of all Modernist buildings the Unité d’Habitation, designed by Le Corbusier is officially inaugurated in Marseille, France

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 1953 1st 3 Dutch female police officers go into service
  • 1953 Belgian Convair crashes at Frankfurt, 44 die
  • 1953 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Emu Field, Australia
  • 1953 Ike promises to fire as Red any federal worker taking 5th amendment
  • 1954 Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya Jordan, kills 53

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Indian social reformer B.R. Ambedkar and 500,000 supporters convert to Buddhism in Nagpur

Jurist and Social Reformer B.R. Ambedkar
Jurist and Social Reformer
B.R. Ambedkar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Brendan Behan's "Hostage" premieres in London

Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan
Irish Poet and Playwright
Brendan Behan
  • 1958 Malagasy Republic becomes autonomous republic in French Community
  • 1958 Paul Osborn's "World of Suzie Wong" premieres in NYC
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
  • 1960 Belgian senator Victor Leemans reveals huge gas field in Groningen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Peace Corps 1st suggested by John F. Kennedy in a speech at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Houston Oiler George Blanda throws for 6 TD passes vs NY Titans 56-17
  • 1962 US U-2 espionage planes locate missile launchers in Cuba
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1963 Algeria & Morocco border conflict

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1964 Martin Luther King Jr. announced as winner of the Nobel Peace Prize

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1964 Martin Walser's "Der Schwarze Schwan," premieres in Stuttgart
  • 1964 Philips begins experimenting with color TV

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1964 Premier Nikita Khrushchev replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1965 Joe Engle in X-15 reaches 80 km
  • 1966 175 US airplanes bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966 Dutch government of Cals falls by motion of Schmelzer
  • 1968 1st live telecast from a manned US spacecraft (Apollo 7)
  • 1968 Gruener & Watson (US) set scuba depth record (133 m) in Bahamas
  • 1968 6.8 earthquake wrecks Australian town of Meckering, rupturing all nearby major roads and railways

TrainOpening of Euston Station

1968 Opening of the rebuilt Euston railway station in London, England

Learn More
An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
Learn More
  • 1969 Palme government forms in Sweden
  • 1969 Race riots in Springfield, Massachusetts

Birthdays in History

  • 1257 Przemysł II, King of Poland (1295-96), born in Poznań, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1404 Marie of Anjou, Queen of France (1422-61), born in Angers, France (d. 1463)
  • 1420 Tomas de Torquemada, Castilian Grand Inquisitor during Spanish Inquisition, born in Torquemada (or Valladolid), Kingdom of Castile (d. 1498)
  • 1493 Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
  • 1499 Claude of France, Duchess of Brittany amd wife of Francis I of France, born in Romorantin-Lanthenay, France (d. 1524)
  • 1606 Joan Maetsuyker, Dutch governor-general of Ceylon (1653-78), born in Amsterdam (d. 1678)
  • 1630 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1714)
  • 1633 James II of England and James VII of Scotland [Stuart], King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), born in St. James's Palace, London (d. 1701)
  • 1639 Simon van der Stel, 1st governor of Dutch Cape Colony (1679-99), born in Indian Ocean en route to Mauritius (d. 1712)
  • 1643 Bahādur Shah I, 7th Mughal Emperor of India, born in Burhanpur, Mughal Empire (d. 1712)

Person of interestWilliam Penn

1644 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, born in London, England (d. 1718)

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1687 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (Simson line), born in West Kilbride, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1768)

Person of interestGeorge Grenville

1712 George Grenville, British Prime Minister (1763-65) who introduced the Stamp Act (1st international tax to the colonies in America), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1770)

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • 1726 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician, born in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • 1733 François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal, born in Hainaut, Austrian Netherlands (d. 1798)
  • 1734 Francis Lightfoot Lee, American advocate for independence (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Stratford Hall Plantation, Westmoreland County, Virginia Colony (d. 1797)
  • 1740 Joannes Siberg, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1801-05), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1817)
  • 1774 Hubert Matthijs Adriaan Jan van Asch van Wijck, Dutch lawyer and politician, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • 1784 Ferdinand VII, King of Spain, born in El Escorial, Spain (d. 1833)
  • 1789 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, born in Geraardsbergen, Belgium (d. 1865)
  • 1790 Thursday October Christian, son of Fletcher Christian (leader of the historical mutiny on the Bounty), born in Pitcairn Island (d. 1831)
  • 1801 Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (Plateau's Law), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1883)
  • 1806 Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (1857-63), born in Ogdensburg, New York (d. 1865)
  • 1827 James Sidney Robinson, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Mansfield, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • 1827 William Harcourt, British Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in York, England (d. 1904)
  • 1837 Ellison Capers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1908)
  • 1857 Elwood Haynes, American automotive pioneer (built one of 1st US autos), born in Portland, Indiana (d. 1925)
  • 1861 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • 1864 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1867 Masaoka Shiki, Japanese haiku & tanka poet and diarist (Salt Water Ballads), born in Matsuyama, Japan (d. 1902)
  • 1869 Joseph Duveen, British art connoisseur (Elgin marbles), born in Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1939)
  • 1873 Jules Rimet, French football administrator (3rd President of FIFA 1921-54), born in Theuley, Franche-Comté, France (d. 1956)
  • 1874 Margarete Susman, German-Jewish writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1966)
  • 1880 Vilhelm Ekelund, Swedish poet and writer (Sak och sken) (d. 1940)

Person of interestÉamon de Valera

1882 Éamon de Valera, Irish politician (President of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59)), born in NYC, New York (d. 1975)

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera

Person of interestKatherine Mansfield

1888 Katherine Mansfield (Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp Murry), New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1923)

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • 1889 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1963)

Person of interestDwight D. Eisenhower

1890 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th US President (R, 1953-61) and WWII general, born in Denison, Texas (d. 1969)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1891 Paul de Keyser, Flemish philologist and folklorist, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1966)
  • 1892 Sumner Welles, American diplomat (Good neighbor policy), born in New York (d. 1961)
  • 1894 E.E.Cummings (Edward Estlin), poet (Tulips & Chimneys), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1901 Willem A. Wagenaar, Dutch journalist and writer (Shanghai) (d. 1968)

Person of interestHannah Arendt

1906 Hannah Arendt, German-American political theorist and historian (Origins of Totalitarianism), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1975)

Political Theorist Hannah Arendt
Political Theorist
Hannah Arendt
  • 1906 Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, born in Mahmoudiyah, Beheira, Egypt (d. 1949)
  • 1910 Jozef Keuleers, Belgian worker's union leader, born in Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels (d. 1986)
  • 1911 Lê Ðức Thọ, Vietnamese revolutionary general, politician and negotiator in Paris (1975), born in Nam Định Province, French Indochina (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex), born in Chemnitz, Saxony (d. 1984)
  • 1916 C. Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1918 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician, born in Hull, Quebec (d. 1991)
  • 1919 Edward L. Feightner, American rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands), born in Lima, Ohio
  • 1925 Phillip Tobias, South African palaeoanthropologist and three time Nobel Prize nominee (hominid fossil sites), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lawrence Herkimer, "Grandfather of Cheerleading" (founded National Cheerleading Association, patented the pom-pom), born in Muskegon, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (Philip Morris USA), born in Pleasant Unity, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)

Person of interestMobutu Sese Seko

1930 Mobutu Sese Seko, Dictator and President of Zaire (1965-97), born in Lisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1997)

President of Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko
President of Zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko
  • 1932 Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist, born in Kolomna, Russia (d. 2005)
  • 1938 John Dean, American attorney and former White House counsel (Watergate figure), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1938 Farah Pahlavi, Queen consort of Iran (1959-61), born in Tehran, Iran

Person of interestRalph Lauren

1939 Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer (Chaps, Polo Ralph Lauren), born in The Bronx, New York

Fashion Designer Ralph Lauren
Fashion Designer
Ralph Lauren
  • 1941 Jim Courter, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), born in Montclair, New Jersey
  • 1941 Alexander Burdonsky, Russian theater director and Joseph Stalin's grandson, born in Samara, Russia (d. 2017)
  • 1946 Craig Venter, American biotechnologist and geneticist (involved with the first draft sequence of the human genome), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1947 Lukas Resetarits, Austrian cabaret artist, born in Stinatz, Austria
  • 1948 David Ruprecht, American game show host, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1948 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist, born in Istanbul (d. 2007)
  • 1949 Katha Pollitt, American poet and writer, born in Brooklyn Heights, New York
  • 1953 Marcel Zeeuw, Surinamese soldier (coup 1982), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 2015)
  • 1954 Carole Malone, English newspaper columnist
  • 1957 Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • 1964 Olu Oguibe, Nigerian born American artist, born in Aba, Eastern Nigera
  • 1965 Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower
  • 1973 Lasha Zhvania, Georgian politician

Person of interestGeorge Floyd

1973 George Floyd, African American bouncer murdered while restrained in police custody by Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin, born in Fayetteville, North Carolina (d. 2020)

Victim of Police Brutality George Floyd
Victim of Police Brutality
George Floyd
  • 1976 Ben Pridmore, World Memory Champion

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1806 German writer, artist and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe marries mistress Christiane Vulpius in Weimar

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1923 "All Quiet on the Western Front" author Erich Maria Remarque (25) weds Ilse Jutta Zambona
  • 1961 Howard Allen Frances (Anne) O'Brien (20) best-selling author (The Vampire Chronicles) marries poet and painter Stan Rice (21)

LoveWedding of Interest

1961 Author Anne Rice (20) weds poet/artist Stan Rice (18) in Denton, Texas

Author Anne Rice
Anne Rice

LoveWedding of Interest

1961 Author Upton Sinclair (83) weds Mary Elizabeth Willis

LoveWedding of Interest

1989 Novelist Sidney Sheldon (72) weds Alexandra Sheldon in Las Vegas, Nevada

Novelist Sidney Sheldon
Sidney Sheldon
  • 2001 Inspirational speaker Anthony Robbins (41) weds Sage Bonnie Humphrey

Divorces in History

  • 2015 Ricki Lake and Christian Evans divorce after 3 years of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 530 Dioscorus, deacon of the Alexandrian and the Roman church and a posthumous antiPope (530), dies

Person of interestHarold II

1066 Harold II, last crowned Anglo-Saxon King of England (1066), dies at the Battle of Hastings, at about 44

King of England Harold II
King of England
Harold II
  • 1092 Aboe Ali Hasan ibn Nizam al-Moelk, writer (Sijasetname), assassinated
  • 1256 Kujō Yoritsugu, 5th shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan, dies at 16
  • 1536 Garcilaso de la Vega, Spanish poet and diplomat, dies in battle (b. 1498-1503)
  • 1552 Oswald Myconius, Swiss Protestant reformer (b. 1488)
  • 1565 Thomas Chaloner, English statesman and poet (b. 1521)
  • 1570 Floris van Montmorency, baron of Montigny, dies at 43
  • 1610 Amago Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1540)
  • 1619 Samuel Daniel, English poet (b. 1562)
  • 1631 Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen of Denmark and Norway, dies at 74
  • 1637 Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet, dies at 86
  • 1660 Francesco Albana, Italian painter (Hemelopneming of Maria), dies at 72
  • 1660 Thomas Harrison, English Puritan soldier (b. 1606)
  • 1703 Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)
  • 1711 Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1708)
  • 1719 Arnold Houbraken, Dutch painter and writer, dies at 59
  • 1746 Francois Fagel, lawyer/statesman, dies at 86
  • 1758 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal, dies at 62
  • 1790 William Hooper, American attorney and signer of U.S. Declaration of Independence, dies at 48
  • 1831 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (b. 1761)
  • 1872 Prince Albert of Prussia, Prussian colonel general, dies at 63
  • 1879 F Kornberger, writer, dies at 58
  • 1880 Victorio, Apache chief/murderer, killed by Mexican army
  • 1895 Elisha P. Ferry, American politician (Governor of Washington, 1872-80, 1889-93), dies at 70
  • 1900 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter and etcher, dies at 56
  • 1911 John Marshall Harlan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1833)
  • 1919 Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrial/son of Werner, dies
  • 1923 Marcellus Emants, writer/poet (Refrained from Confession), dies
  • 1925 Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer, dies at 58
  • 1930 Sam[uel] van Houten, lib minister (Child labor laws), dies

Person of interestErwin Rommel

1944 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), commits suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1958 Douglas Mawson, Australian Antarctic explorer (b. 1882)
  • 1960 Abram F. Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), dies at 79
  • 1961 Paul Ramadier, French politician (b. 1888)
  • 1961 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876)
  • 1967 Marcel Aymé, French novelist and playwright, dies at 65
  • 1971 Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (algebraic topology), dies at 61
  • 1983 Willard Price, Canadian author and naturalist
  • 1984 Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1918)
  • 1986 Mary Lund, American women first to receive an artificial heart, dies at 40
  • 1993 Guy Malary, Haitian lawyer/minister of Justice, murdered at 50
  • 1993 Mustafa Abada, Algerian TV director, murdered
  • 1995 Edith Pargeter, author (Brother Cadfael), dies of a stroke at 82
  • 1995 Helen Vlachos, journalist, dies at 83
  • 1996 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), dies at 80

Person of interestHarold Robbins

1997 Harold Robbins, salacious novelist, dies at 81

  • 1998 Cleveland Amory, American writer and animal rights activist (b. 1917)
  • 1999 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), dies at 77
  • 2004 Conrad Russell, 5th Earl Russell, British historian, dies at 67
  • 2005 Jody Dobrowski, English murder victim (b. 1981)
  • 2006 Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (b. 1919)
  • 2006 Nancy Lynn, American aviator (b. 1956)
  • 2006 Gerry Studds, American politician (Rep-D-MA, 1973-97), first openly gay member of US Congress, dies at 69
  • 2007 Frank Hauser, British theatrical director (Oxford Playhouse), dies at 85
  • 2008 Richard Cooey, American murderer and rapist (executed) (b. 1967)
  • 2008 Martin Peake, 2nd Viscount Ingleby, British peer and business man, dies at 82
  • 2008 Barrington J. Bayley, English sci-fi author (Collision Course), dies at 71
  • 2010 Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-French-American mathematician (proved Zipf's law), dies at 85
  • 2011 Reg Alcock, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2012 Arlen Specter, American Senator (Republican-PA, 1981- 2011), dies at 82
  • 2014 Elizabeth Peña, American actress, dies from cirrhosis at 55
  • 2015 Mathieu Kérékou, Dictator and President of Benin (1973-91, 1996-2006), dies at 82
  • 2019 Harold Bloom, American literary critic, 'the most notorious literary critic in America' dies at 89