On This Day

On This Day in History for October 15

Events in History

  • 533 Byzantine General Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 King Henry VIII of England orders bowling lanes at Whitehall

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1522 Emperor Karel I names Hernán Cortés governor of Mexico

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1552 Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1581 Commissioned by Catherine de' Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine" is staged in Paris

Queen Consort and Regent of France Catherine de' Medici
Queen Consort and Regent of France
Catherine de' Medici

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582 Gregorian calendar introduced in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states, after skipping 10 days after Oct 4 to sync the calendar

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1598 Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
  • 1641 Paul de Chomedy de Maisonneuve claims Montreal
  • 1654 Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1655 Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 1660 Asser Levy granted butcher's license (kosher meat) in New Amsterdam
  • 1674 Torsåker witch trials begin, largest witch trials in Sweden, 71 beheaded and burned
  • 1705 English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
  • 1724 Cornelis Steenoven is 1st archbishop of Old Catholic church in Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 1756 Saxon army surrenders to Prussia

RomanRoman Empire

1764 Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon
  • 1777 Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
  • 1783 Jean Pilstre de Rozier makes 1st tethered balloon ascent
  • 1786 Earliest 32°F (0°C) recorded temperature in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 1st presidential tour-George Washington in New England

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816 Lord Byron views the love letters of Lucrezia Borgia and poet Pietro Bembo in Milan and declares them "the prettiest love letters in the world"

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1827 Charles Darwin admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1846 Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether

Abraham Lincoln, the Presidential IconAbraham Lincoln, the Presidential Icon

1860 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Abraham Lincoln telling him to grow a beard

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Abraham Lincoln ended the Civil War, abolished slavery and rebuilt the US economy
Abraham Lincoln ended the Civil War, abolished slavery and rebuilt the US economy
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  • 1863 Cliff House opens in San Francisco, 1st of many on the site
  • 1864 Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
  • 1866 Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • 1877 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
  • 1878 Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
  • 1880 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • 1881 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
  • 1883 Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • 1885 Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche decides to write his autobiography "Ecce Homo" on his 44th birthday

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1889 Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
  • 1890 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Captain Alfred Dreyfus arrested and accused of espionage in France

Jewish Artillery Officer Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish Artillery Officer
Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1895 Henry Perky patents a machine he developed with William Ford for the preparation of cereals for food, otherwise known as shredded wheat
  • 1897 Aaron and Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • 1897 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
  • 1899 Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 & 19-3 victories over Cleve Spiders
  • 1904 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • 1905 Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • 1913 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"
  • 1914 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • 1914 Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
  • 1918 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • 1919 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money

USAStatue of Liberty

1924 US President Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument

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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
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Book releaseHistoric Publication

1924 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1926 Austria government of Seipel, forms
  • 1926 Philip Barry's "White Wings!" premieres in NYC

The Age of ZeppelinsThe Age of Zeppelins

1928 German dirigible "Graf Zeppelin" lands in Lakehurst, NJ

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The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
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  • 1932 Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
  • 1933 20th Amendment to the US Constitution goes into effect: President term begins in Jan not March

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1937 Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have & Have Not" published

  • 1938 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 LaGuardia Airport opens in NYC
  • 1939 Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
  • 1940 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • 1940 London's Waterloo Station bombed by German luftwaffe
  • 1941 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hideki Tojo appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1941 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • 1942 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die
  • 1944 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • 1948 China's Red army occupies Chinchov
  • 1949 Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government
  • 1949 Tripura accedes to Indian union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 First synthesis of an oral contraceptive (norethindrone) made by Luis E. Miramontes under direction of Carl Djerassi and George Rosenkranz at Mexican drug company Syntex

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Carl Djerassi
  • 1952 Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1952 "Charlotte's Web" by E. B. White and illustrated by Garth Williams is published by Harper & Brothers

Writer E. B. White
E. B. White


1952 Henri Cartier-Bresson's influential photography book "The Decisive Moment" is first published in the US and France

Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson
Henri Cartier-Bresson
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel makes landfall in the US in North Carolina as a category 4 hurricane, 195 die in US and Canada
  • 1956 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1956 William J. Brennan, Jr. is appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1956 First plane to land safely on water - Pan Am Flight 6 San Francisco to Honolulu, all 24 passengers and 7 crew survive
  • 1958 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1959 "Untouchables" premieres
  • 1962 Byron R White appointed to Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Ludwig Erhard succeeds Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor of West Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1964 Craig Breedlove sets auto speed record of 846.97 kph
  • 1966 Australia bans Troggs' "I Can't Control Myself" as "terribly obscene"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 LBJ signs a bill creating US Department of Transportation

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 Black Panther Party created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale

RussiaThe Motherland Calls

1967 The Motherland Calls, a monumental statue commemorating the battle of Stalingrad completed in Volgograd, Russia, then the World's tallest statue designed by Yevgeny Vuchetich

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The Motherland Calls statue in Volvograd, Russia
The Motherland Calls statue in Volvograd, Russia
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  • 1968 AL expansion draft, KC pick Roger Nelson & Pilots pick Don Mincher 1st
  • 1968 The Nationalist Party of Northern Ireland (NPNI) withdraws from its role as 'official' opposition within the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont
  • 1969 Bank of America World Headquarters (555 California) dedicated
  • 1969 Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions nationwide protest the war
  • 1970 Bridge over Yarra River in Melbourne crashes; killing 35
  • 1970 Russian passenger flight hijacked to Turkey

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Anwar Sadat elected 3rd President of Egypt, succeeding the late Gamal Abdel Nasser

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1971 The start of the 2,500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia
  • 1971 World's first arcade video game Computer Space developed by Syzygy first demonstrated at the MOA Show in the US
  • 1973 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed
  • 1974 National Guard mobilizes to restore order in Boston school busing

Birthdays in History

Person of interestVirgil

70 BC Virgil [Publius Vergilius Maro], Roman poet of the Augustan period (Aeneid), born in Andes, Cisalpine Gaul (d. 19 BC)

Roman Poet Virgil
Roman Poet

Person of interestTemür Khan

1265 Temür Khan, Second Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty (1294-1307), grandson and successor of Kublai Khan, born in Khanbaliq (Dadu or modern day Beijing), Mongol Empire (d. 1307)

Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty Temür Khan
Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty
Temür Khan
  • 1471 Konrad Mutian, German humanist, born in Homberg, Hesse, Germany (d. 1526)

Person of interestAkbar

1542 Akbar, 3rd Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605), born in Umerkot, Sindh (d. 1605)

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
  • 1550 Henry, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg and brother of William of Orange
  • 1608 Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (inventor of barometer), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1647)
  • 1686 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), born in Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1758)
  • 1701 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal), born in Varennes, Quebec (d. 1771)
  • 1711 Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen consort of Sardinia (1737-41), born in Château de Lunéville, Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • 1784 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly, born in Limoges, France (d. 1849)

Person of interestJosé Miguel Carrera

1785 José Miguel Carrera, 1st President of Chile (1811-14), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 1821)

General and President of Chile José Miguel Carrera
General and President of Chile
José Miguel Carrera
  • 1795 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) and Germany (1849-61), born in Berlin (d. 1861)
  • 1816 Amiel Weeks Whipple, American Major General (Union Army), born in Greenwich, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Irvin McDowell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Marinus Frederik Andries Gerardus Campbell, Dutch bibliographer, born in Kampen, Netherlands (d. 1890)
  • 1822 Alfred Meissner, Austrian poet (Ziska), born in Teplice, Czech Republic (d. 1885)
  • 1825 Marie of Prussia, Queen consort of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Berlin City Palace, Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829 Asaph Hall, American astronomer who discovered satellites of Mars (Phobos & Deimos), born in Goshen, Connecticut (d. 1907)
  • 1831 Helen Hunt Jackson, American author (Ramona), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1885)
  • 1832 Henry Harrison Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sussex County, Virginia (d. 1912)
  • 1833 Klaas Kater, Dutch Christian Worker's Union Leader, born in Amsterdam (d. 1916)
  • 1836 Thomas Lafayette Rosser, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1910)
  • 1836 James Tissot, French artist, born in Nantes, France (d. 1902)
  • 1840 Honoré Mercier, Canadian politician and 9th Premier of Quebec (1887-91), born in Saint-Athanase, Lower Canada (d. 1894)

Person of interestFriedrich Nietzsche

1844 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Beyond Good and Evil), born in Röcken, Saxony, Prussia (d. 1900)

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1851 George Foot Moore, American theologist (Hebrews, Old Testament), born in West Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)
  • 1856 Robert Nivelle, French military officer, born in Tulle, France (d. 1924)
  • 1859 Jaime de Magalhães Lima, Portuguese author and poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro), born in Vera Cruz, Portugal (d. 1936)
  • 1865 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1927)
  • 1872 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian politician and 3rd President of Austria (1928-38), born in Krems, Lower Austria, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1874 Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1899)
  • 1878 Paul Reynaud, Premier of France (May-June 1940), born in Barcelonette, France (d. 1966)
  • 1881 P. G. Wodehouse, British-American writer (Bertie Wooster novels), born in Guildford, England (d. 1975)
  • 1884 Archibald Hoxsey, American pioneer aviator (worked for the Wright brothers), born in Staunton, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • 1885 Dirk Filarski, Dutch painter and lithographer (Bergense School), born in Amsterdam (d. 1964)
  • 1888 S.S. Van Dine [pseudonym for William Huntingdon Wright], American art critic and crime writer (Philo Vance), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1939)
  • 1893 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), born in Peleș Castle, Sinaia, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1894 Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (1954-55), born in Kherson, Russian Empire (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil), born in Lautenburg, Germany (now in Poland) (d. 1952)
  • 1896 Célestin Freinet, French pedagogue & educational reformer, born in Gars, France (d. 1966)
  • 1901 Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats), born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1964)
  • 1901 Hermann Abs, German banker to Adolf Hitler & Konrad Adenauer and director of Deutsche Bank (1938-45), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1901 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, English soldier, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Julian Hodge, British financier and multi-millionaire (Hodge Group), born in Camberwell, London (d. 2004)
  • 1905 Charles P. Snow, English novelist (Death Under Sail, Strangers and Brothers) and physical chemist, born in Leicester, England (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Hiram Fong, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Hawaii), born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 2004)
  • 1907 John Dearden, American cardinal (1969-88) and archbishop of Detroit, born in Valley Falls, Rhode Island (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Varian Fry, American journalist and recognized as "Righteous Among the Nations", born in New York (d. 1967)

Person of interestJohn Kenneth Galbraith

1908 John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award), born in Iona Station, Ontario (d. 2006)

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • 1911 James H. Schmitz, American sci-fi author (Lion Game), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1913 Frances Tustin, English child psychologist, born in Darlington, England (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Yitzḥak Shamir, Israeli Prime Minister (1983–84, 1986–1992), born in Ruzinoy, Poland (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr, American historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Edwin Charles Tubb, British sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall), born in London (d. 2010)
  • 1919 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist, born in Momence, Illinois (d. 1985)

Person of interestMario Puzo

1920 Mario Puzo, American novelist (The Godfather, Cotton Club, Earthquake), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Novelist Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
  • 1922 Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer (A Sibila), born in Vila Mea, Portugal
  • 1923 Italo Calvino, Italian author (Winter's Night a Traveler), born in Santiago de Las Vegas, Cuba (d. 1985)
  • 1924 Lee Iacocca, American automotive executive (CEO of Chrysler Corp), born in Allentown, Pennsylvania (d. 2019)
  • 1924 Marguerite Andersen, German francophone writer and educator, born in Germany
  • 1926 Ed McBain [Evan Hunter], American writer (Blackboard Jungle), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (The History of Sexuality), born in Poitiers (d. 1984)
  • 1927 Mary Perot Nichols, American journalist, born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • 1927 Oswald Moxley Gibbs, Grenadian diplomat (High Commissioners to the United Kingdom 1974-78), born in Grenada (d. 1995)
  • 1930 FM-2030 [Fereidoun M. Esfandiary], Iranian-American author and transhumanist (Are You a Transhuman?), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2000)
  • 1931 A. P. J. [Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen] Abdul Kalam, Indian scientist and politician, 11th President of India (2002-07), born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Riekus Waskowsky, Dutch poet, born in Rotterdam (d. 1977)
  • 1935 Murdo Alex MacLeod, Free Church of Scotland minister, born in Ness, Lewis (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Anthony Hopkins, English clinical neurologist and Director of the Research Unit at the Royal College of Physicians, born in Poole, Dorset (d. 1997)
  • 1940 Peter C. Doherty, Australian immunologist and veterinary surgeon (Nobel 1996), born in Brisbane, Australia
  • 1942 Jim Leach, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa), born in Davenport, Iowa
  • 1944 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • 1944 Sali Berisha, 41st Prime Minister of Albania (2005-13) and 3rd President of Albania (1992-97), born in Viçidol, Albania
  • 1944 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • 1944 Kay Ivey, American politician, 54th Governor of Alabama (2017-), born in Camden, Alabama
  • 1946 Stewart Stevenson, Scottish National Party politician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1948 Aleksandr Puchkov, Russian colonel and cosmonaut
  • 1951 Hani Al-Mulki, Prime Minister of Jordan (2016-present), born in Amman, Jordan
  • 1953 Betsy Clifford, Canadian alpine skier, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1955 Cathy Ladman, American comedienne (Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead)
  • 1957 Stacy Peralta, American film director (Dogtown and Z-Boys), born in Venice, California
  • 1959 Sarah Margaret Ferguson, Duchess of York, born in London, England
  • 1959 Emeril Lagasse, American chef (Emeril Live), born in Fall River, Massachusetts
  • 1964 Roberto Vittori, Italian air force officer and ESA astronaut, born in Viterbo, Lazio, Italy
  • 1971 Annbjørg Lien, Norwegian folk fiddler and nyckelharpa player, born in Ålesund, Norway
  • 1991 Owen Joseph Kline, son of Phoebe Cates & Kevin Kline
  • 2005 Prince Christian of Denmark

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1501 Heir to the English throne Prince Arthur marries Catherine of Aragon

Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon

LoveWedding of Interest

1913 Author Beatrix Potter (47) weds solicitor William Heelis at St Mary Abbots in Kensington, London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter

LoveWedding of Interest

1927 Writer Graham Greene (23) weds Vivien Dayrell-Browning at St. Mary's Church in Hampstead, North London

LoveWedding of Interest

1948 38th US President Gerald Ford (35) weds department store fashion consultant Elizabeth (Betty) Bloomer Warren (30) at Grace Episcopal Church in Grand Rapids

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
US First Lady Betty Ford
US First Lady
Betty Ford

Divorces in History

  • 1993 Guardian Angel Lisa Evers Sliwa files for divorce from Curtis Sliwa

Deaths in History

  • 412 Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 892 Al-Mutamid, kalief of Abbasiden, dies
  • 898 Lambert, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 912 Abdullah ibn Muhammad, Emir of Córdoba
  • 961 Abd al-Rahman III, Umayyad Emir (912-29) and ruler of the Caliph of Córdoba (929-961), dies at 70
  • 1002 Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
  • 1080 Rudolf of Rheinfeld, Duke of Swabia and German anti-King
  • 1268 Dirk II, mister of Valkenburg, dies
  • 1271 Hostiensis [Henricus the Segusia], cardinal and bishop of Ostia, dies
  • 1326 Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (1308-26), dies at 65
  • 1389 Urban VI [Bartolomeo Prignano], Italian pope (1378-89), dies
  • 1404 Marie of Valois, Princess of France, dies at 60
  • 1512 Antoon Keldermans, Flem builder (Middelburg town hall), dies at 72
  • 1524 Joachim Patinir, Flemish landscape painter, dies at about 45
  • 1539 Reynier Brunt, procureur-general of Court of Holland, dies
  • 1595 Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch East iIndies poet, dies at 48
  • 1674 Robert Herrick, English poet ('Gather ye rosebuds while ye may'), dies at 83
  • 1715 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician, dies at 40
  • 1730 Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
  • 1788 Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1789 John Morgan, American physician-in-chief of Continental Army and co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America, dies at 54
  • 1810 Alfred Moore, American judge (b. 1755)
  • 1811 Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)

Person of interestTadeusz Kościuszko

1817 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian Military Leader and statesman considered a national hero, dies at 71 after falling from a horse, developing a fever and suffering a stroke

Military Leader and Statesman Tadeusz Kościuszko
Military Leader and Statesman
Tadeusz Kościuszko
  • 1817 Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, Swiss traveller and orientalist, 1st European to discover Petra and Abu Simbel, dies at 32
  • 1819 Princess Louise of Orange-Nassau, daughter of viceroy Willem V & Wilhelmina of Prussia, dies at 48
  • 1819 Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1820 Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal, dies at 49
  • 1837 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet, dies at 77
  • 1838 Letitia Elizabeth Landon, English poet (Heath's Book of Beauty), dies at 36
  • 1891 Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
  • 1891 William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 54
  • 1918 Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • 1920 Hendrik Peter Staal, Dutch reformed officer and politician, dies at 75

Person of interestHerbert Henry Dow

1930 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (Dow Chemical), dies from cirrhosis of the liver at 64

Chemical Industrialist Herbert Henry Dow
Chemical Industrialist
Herbert Henry Dow
  • 1934 Raymond Poincaré, French president and Prime Minister (1912), dies at 74
  • 1942 Dirk Bannink, nurse/local counciller Deventer, executed
  • 1944 Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau

BattlePierre Laval

1945 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval

Person of interestHermann Goering

1946 Hermann Goering, Nazi Reichmarshal, poisons himself in prison at 53

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1958 Jan Poortenaar, Dutch painter, etcher and cartoonist, dies at 72
  • 1959 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
  • 1963 Edmond Fleg[enheimer], Swiss-French writer (Ecoute Israel), dies at 88
  • 1969 Shermake, president of (Somalia), murdered
  • 1971 Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, dies at 130

Person of interestCarlo Gambino

1976 Carlo Gambino, Italian-American gangster, dies of a heart attack at 74

Gangster Carlo Gambino
Carlo Gambino
  • 1980 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, dies at 79
  • 1985 Meret Oppenheim, writer, dies at 72
  • 1987 Thomas Sankara, Burkinabé revolutionary and politician, President of Burkina Faso (1983-87), assassinated in a coup at 37
  • 1991 Hotze de Roos, carpenter/kid book writer (Chameleon series), dies
  • 1994 Karl Edward Wagner, American sci-fi author (Bloodstone, Night Winds), dies at 48
  • 1994 Sarah Kofman, French philosopher, dies at 60
  • 1995 Arthur Carleton Hetherington, public servant, dies at 82
  • 1996 Bernard Frank, oriental scholar/writer, dies at 69
  • 2000 Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2001 Zhang Xueliang, Chinese ruler of Manchuria (b. 1901)
  • 2003 Ben Metcalfe, Canadian environmental activist (b. 1919)
  • 2003 Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2005 Matti Wuori, Finnish politician (b. 1945)
  • 2008 Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca, Turkish poet (b. 1914)
  • 2010 Richard C. Miller, American photographer (b. 1912)
  • 2010 Mildred Fay Jefferson, American physician and pro-life activist (b. 1926)

Person of interestNorodom Sihanouk

2012 Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia, dies from a heart attack at 89

King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk
King of Cambodia
Norodom Sihanouk
  • 2012 Claude Cheysson, French politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), dies at 92
  • 2013 Peter Miles, British Army officer, businessman and courtier in the Household of Elizabeth II, dies at 89
  • 2013 Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1982-84), dies at 90