On This Day

On This Day in History for October 1 (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 232

  • 1943 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • 1943 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • 1943 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • 1943 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • 1944 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • 1945 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands
  • 1946 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
  • 1947 1st helicopter air mail & express service, LA, Ca
  • 1947 US control of Haitian customs & governmental revenue ends
  • 1947 William Wister Haines' "Command Decision" premieres in NYC
  • 1947 The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1948 California Supreme Court voids state statute banning interracial marriages, in Perez v. Sharp case
  • 1948 Radio Denmark begins transmitting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 People's Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1949 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • 1950 South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea
  • 1951 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson (US ambassador to Denmark)
  • 1951 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black US military unit, deactivated
  • 1952 Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
  • 1952 Monte Bello-Island (Great Britain 1st atom bomb explosion)
  • 1953 Indian state of Andhra Pradesh partitioned from Madras
  • 1954 British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation
  • 1955 Piet Lieftinck becomes director v/h IMF (World bank)
  • 1956 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
  • 1957 B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack
  • 1957 First appearance of "In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958 Britain transfers Christmas Island (south of Java) to Australia
  • 1958 US space agency NASA begins operations incorporating earlier National Advisory Council on Aeronautics and other bodies
  • 1960 Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations
  • 1960 Nigeria gains independence from Great Britain (National Day)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1960 Wole Soyinka's play "A Dance of the Forests" is first performed as part of Nigerian Independence celebrations

Playwright Wole Soyinka
Wole Soyinka
  • 1961 A volcanco believed to be extinct erupts in Tristan da Cunha
  • 1961 East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 James Meredith becomes the 1st black student at the University of Mississippi

Civil Rights Activist James Meredith
Civil Rights Activist
James Meredith
  • 1962 UN gives Netherlands control of New Guinea
  • 1962 US National Radio Astronomy Observatory installa a 300' (91m) radio telescope in Green Bank, West Virginia
  • 1963 Nigeria enacts a new constitution and becomes a republic
  • 1964 1st official broadcast of Trans World Radio on Bonaire
  • 1964 2nd Dutch televisienet begins broadcastings
  • 1964 Free Speech Movement launched at University of California, Berkley
  • 1964 San Francisco cable cars declared a national landmark
  • 1965 Failed coup under lt col Untung in Indonesia
  • 1965 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1966 Newspaper magnate Thomson purchases "The Times"
  • 1966 West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatal injuries and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
  • 1968 The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
  • 1969 Concorde 001 test flight breaks sound barrier
  • 1969 Guernsey & Jersey begin issuing their own postage stamps
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Final game played at Philadelphia's Connie Mack Stadium, Phillies win over Montreal Expos, 2–1
  • 1971 Joseph Luns becomes secretary-general of NATO
  • 1973 USSR-West Germany gas tunnel opens
  • 1974 Watergate cover-up trial opens in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US Computer scientist Gary Kildall presents the prototype of his CP/M operating system in his backyard toolshed

Computer Scientist Gary Kildall
Computer Scientist
Gary Kildall
  • 1975 Britain grants internal self-government to Seychelles
  • 1975 Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands, take name "Tuvalu"
  • 1975 Reunion Island stops printing stamps, France takes over production
  • 1976 1st Dutch casino opens
  • 1977 US Department of Energy established
  • 1978 Comoros adopts constitution
  • 1978 Tuvalu (formerly Ellice Islands) declares independence from UK
  • 1978 The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
  • 1979 Nigeria adopts constitution, Alhaji Shagari becomes president
  • 1979 Pope John Paul II begins his first papal visit to the USA in Boston
  • 1979 RKO radio network begins operation
  • 1979 US returns Canal Zone (but not the canal) to Panama after 75 years
  • 1979 Shehu Shagari becomes first and only President of Nigeria's Second Republic
  • 1980 Cosmonauts Ryumin & Popov break space endurance record of 176 days
  • 1981 J Chodorov/N Panama's "Talent for Murder" premieres in London
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 US's largest private investment bank Salomon Brothers sold to commodities trader Phibro Corporation for $483 million

Investment Banker John Gutfreund
Investment Banker
John Gutfreund
  • 1982 EPCOT Center opens in Orlando, Florida
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 West Germany's Christian Democrat Union ousts Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor, replacing him with Helmut Kohl

German Chancellor Helmut Kohl
German Chancellor
Helmut Kohl
  • 1982 The Sony CDP-101, world's first commercially released Compact Disc player released in Japan for 168,000 yen ($730)
  • 1983 Denise Wallace, 18, of Virginia, crowned Miss Teen of America
  • 1984 Gary Trudeau's Doonesbury comic strip resumes after 2-year hiatus
  • 1985 Israeli air raid on PLO-headquarter at Tunis, 68 killed
  • 1986 President Carter's presidential library/museum dedicated in Atlanta
  • 1986 New Zealand's Labour Government introduces a Goods and Services Tax (GST), adding 10% to the cost of most goods and services

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1986 Canadian children's author Robert Munsch publishes "Love You Forever"

Children's Author Robert Munsch
Children's Author
Robert Munsch
  • 1987 6 killed by an earthquake measuring 6.1 in LA
  • 1987 Fiji's constitution is suspended
  • 1987 The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9.
  • 1988 Lowest batting avg for NL champion (Tony Gwynn .313)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, effectively head of state of the Soviet Union

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1989 Thousands of East Germans flee to West Germany
  • 1989 US Post Office issues a stamp labeling an apatosaurus as a brontosaurus

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1989 Danielle Steel’s novel “Daddy” is published

Novelist Danielle Steel
Danielle Steel
  • 1990 10,000 Uganda RPF rebels move into Rwanda
  • 1990 Meteorite explodes above Pacific Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 US President George H. W. Bush at UN, condemns Iraq's takeover of Kuwait

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Serbs in Croatia proclaim autonomy

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Saddam Hussein says he may be willing to negotiate the occupation of Kuwait and would consider foreign participation in negotiations

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein
  • 1991 Howard Stern adds Baltimore to his radio network (WJFK-AM)
  • 1991 New Zealand's Resource Management Act 1991 commences.
  • 1991 Soviet Union suspends petroleum product exports as its fuel shortages grow
  • 1992 Greater Pittsburgh International Airport opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Ross Perot re-enters US presidential race

Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate Ross Perot
Entrepreneur and Presidential Candidate
Ross Perot

Birthdays in History

Weddings in History

Deaths in History