On This Day in History for October 2

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 939 Battle at Andernach: King Otto & Hermann of Zwaben beat Eberhard of France & Giselbert of Lutherans
  • 976 Hisham II appointed kalief of Cordoba
  • 1134 Storm flood ravages Zeeland county

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1187 Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
Saladin
  • 1263 The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1492 King Henry VII of England invades France
  • 1518 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey makes European plan

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1535 Jacques Cartier discovers Mount Royal (Montreal)

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1540 Venice and Turkey signs peace

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1552 Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1572 Spanish army occupies, plunders and destroys Mechelen
  • 1608 Hans Lippershey applies for patent for first known early telescope in the Netherlands
  • 1614 French King Louis XIII declared an adult at 13
  • 1656 English North American colony of Connecticut passes law against Quakers
  • 1700 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
  • 1760 Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin [NS=10/13]

  • 1787 Maagden House opens in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1792 Baptist Missionary Society forms in London
  • 1795 Tula (leader slave uprising) sentence to death in Curacao
  • 1799 Duke of York & Russians capture Alkmaar in Netherlands
  • 1804 Britain mobilizes to protect against French invasion
  • 1833 NY Anti-Slavery Society organized
  • 1835 Battle of Gonzales fought between Texan settlers and Mexican forces. First engagement of the Texas revolution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 After 5 years at sea Charles Darwin returns to England aboard the HMS Beagle

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1851 The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass(a contraption built to test the pseudo-scientific hypothesis that snails create a permanent telepathic link when they mate) is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • 1853 Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • 1861 Former US VP John C Breckinridge flees Kentucky
  • 1864 Battle of Saltville, VA
  • 1866 J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • 1870 Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • 1872 Morgan State University founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 Phileas Fogg sets out on his journey as depicted in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • 1879 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
  • 1889 1st Pan American conference (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1889 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • 1899 Orange Free state mobilizes
  • 1901 First Royal Navy submarine launched at Barrow-in-Furness

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1902 Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • 1904 German General Lothar von Trotha issues order to exterminate Herero people of Namidia, first genocide of the 20th Century, will kill 65,000 Herero and 100,000 of the Nama tribe

  • 1910 1st 2 aircraft collision (Milan Italy)
  • 1910 Henry Wijnmalen flies to 2,800m altitude (world record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1916 San Diego Zoo founded
  • 1919 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • 1923 British occuping army leaves Constantinople
  • 1924 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
  • 1928 "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", known as Opus Dei, founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá
  • 1931 Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1935 NY Hayden Planetarium, 4th in US, opens
  • 1936 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
  • 1936 Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject nazism
  • 1936 French franc devalued, relatively late and after Britain (1931) and the US (1933)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 17 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940 British Council receives Royal Charter
  • 1940 British liner Empress, loaded with refugees for Canada, sunk
  • 1941 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
  • 1941 Germans launch attack on Moscow
  • 1942 RMS Queen Mary, carrying thousands of US troops, slices cruiser HMS Curacao in half, killing 239
  • 1943 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • 1944 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • 1944 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • 1947 Revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • 1949 USSR recognizes People's Republic of China

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1950 1st strip of Charlie Brown, "Li'l Folks", later "Peanuts", by Charles M. Schulz published in 9 papers

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Cartoonist
Charles M. Schulz
  • 1954 Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal, India
  • 1955 Chiva Stoica becomes premier of Romania
  • 1956 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
  • 1957 New volcanic island appears off Fayal Island Azores
  • 1958 Guinea (French Guinea) gains independence from France (National Day)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer condemns western grain shipments to USSR

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1965 Mel Stottlemyre wins game #20
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI named MR Perey bishop's helper of New Orleans
  • 1967 Groundbreaking begins on Veteran's Stadium in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Thurgood Marshall sworn in as 1st black Supreme Court Justice

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1968 1st London performance of "Promises, Promises" presented
  • 1968 Mexico City police fire on protesting students, 300-500 killed
  • 1968 Republic Guinea forms (day of republic)
  • 1968 1st time, 2 soon-to-be-named MVPs oppose each other Cards Bob Gibson beat Tigers Denny McLain 4-0
  • 1969 US performs underground nuclear test at Amchitka Island Aleutians
  • 1970 14 members of the Wichita State University Football team as well as 17 administrators and supporters are killed in a plane crash in the Rocky Mountains
  • 1971 Homing pigeon averages a record 133kph in an 1100km race in Australia
  • 1972 Aeroflot Il-18 crashes near Black Sea resort of Sochi, kills 105
  • 1972 Bill Stoneman of Montreal pitches his 2nd no-hitter, beating Mets, 7-0
  • 1972 Danish population votes for membership of the European Common Market
  • 1972 Ron Johnson becomes 1st NY Giant to score 4 TDs (vs Philadelphia)
  • 1975 The Ulster Volunteer Force kill 7 civilians in a series of attacks across Northern Ireland; 6 were Catholic civilians and 1 was a Protestant civilian
  • 1975 Four Ulster Volunteer Force members killed after a bomb they are carrying prematurely explodes in Farrenlester, near Coleraine
  • 1977 Pakistani general Zia ul-Haq bans all opposition
  • 1978 Syrian & Palestinians shoot in East Beirut, 1,300 killed

BeatificationPapal Visit

1979 Pope John Paul II visits New York City, and at the U.N. denounces all concentration camps and torture

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1980 Michael Myers (D-Pa), is 1st rep expelled in over 100 years (ABSCAM)

Birthdays in History

  • 1452 Richard III, King of England (1483-85), born in Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1485)
  • 1470 Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (1489-1494), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1524)
  • 1538 Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal and Archbishop of Milan (1564-84), born in Arona, Milan, Italy (d. 1584)
  • 1595 Jacob Louys, Flemish engraver, born in Antwerp (d. 1668)
  • 1616 Andreas Gryphius, German lyric poet and dramatist, born in Glogau, Silesia (d. 1664)
  • 1644 François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (Quatre dialogues sur l'immortalité de l'âme), born in Paris (d. 1724)
  • 1722 Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier, born in Horn, Austria (d. 1776)
  • 1752 Samuel Story, Dutch rear admiral (Battle at Kamperduin), born in Maasbommel, Dutch Republic (d. 1811)
  • 1756 Jacob van Strij, Dutch cartoonist and graphic artist, born in Dordrecht, Dutch Republic (d. 1815)
  • 1768 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician, born in Bedgebury, Kent, England (d. 1854)
  • 1798 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1849)

Person of interestNat Turner

1800 Nat Turner, American leader of a major slave rebellion in 1831, born in Southampton County, Virginia (d. 1831)

Rebel Slave Nat Turner
Rebel Slave
Nat Turner
  • 1819 George Washington Getty, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1901)
  • 1821 Alexander P. Stewart, American Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), born in Rogersville, Hawkins County, Tennessee (d. 1908)
  • 1822 Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1877-79), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1895)
  • 1827 Edmund Jackson Davis, American lawyer, soldier, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in St. Augustine, Florida (d. 1883)
  • 1828 Charles Floquet, French statesman and 44th Prime Minister of France, born in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, France (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (Primitive Culture), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1832 Julius von Sachs, German botanist and naturalist, born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1897)
  • 1833 William Corby, American Catholic priest and President of the University of Notre Dame, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1897)
  • 1835 Louis-Antoine Ranvier, French anatomist and historian, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1839 Hans Thoma, German painter, born in Bernau, Black Forest (d. 1924)

Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

1847 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), born in Posen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia (d. 1934)

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1851 Ferdinand Foch, French Allied military commander and marshal of France during WW I, born in Tarbes, France (d. 1929)
  • 1852 William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who discovered noble gases (Nobel 1904), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • 1857 Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African politician and President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), born in Winburg, Orange Free State (d. 1916)
  • 1866 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1931)

Person of interestMahatma Gandhi

1869 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian pacifist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1871 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nation (Nobel 1945), born in Olympus, Tennessee (d. 1955)
  • 1871 Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscape architect, born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • 1873 Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Savage, Maryland (d. 1938)
  • 1878 François Conrad Schlumberger, French physicist, born in Guebwiller, Upper Rhine (d. 1936)
  • 1879 Wallace Stevens, American poet (Ideas of Order), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)
  • 1882 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, born in Zlatoust, Ufa Governorate Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Ruth Bryan Owen, American politician (first woman appointed as a U.S. ambassador, Denmark 1933-36), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1954)
  • 1886 Pierre Balledux, Dutch stage manager and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1976)
  • 1895 Louis Lebeer, Dutch art historian, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1895 Fritz Eberhard, West German lawyer and resistor (Law), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1982)

Person of interestCoco the Clown

1900 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • 1901 Christopher Clarkson, British test pilot, born in Dunsfold, Surrey (d. 1994)
  • 1901 Roy Campbell, South African poet (Flowering Rifle), born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1957)
  • 1901 Charles Stark "Doc" Draper, American Scientist and Engineer who headed the team that invented the Apollo Guidance Computer and inertial navigation technology for aircraft, space vehicles, and submarines, born in Windsor, Missouri (d. 1987)
  • 1902 Leopold Figl, Austrian politician (13th Chancellor of Austria), born in Rust, Michelhausen, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • 1904 Dermot Boyle, Marshal of the Royal Air Force, born in Rathdowney, County Laois, Ireland (d. 1993)
  • 1904 Godfrey Baseley, British radio executive, born in Alverchurch, Worchestershire, England (d. 1997)
  • 1904 Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1964-66), born in Mughalsarai, British India (d. 1966)

Person of interestGraham Greene

1904 [Henry] Graham Greene, English novelist (Brighton Rock, The Power and the Glory), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire (d. 1991)

  • 1906 John Humphreys Whitfield, British scholar of Italian language & literature, born in Wednesbury, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Alexander Robertus Todd, British organic chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Stuart Rose, British designer (British Post Office), born in London (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Jack Finney, American sci-fi and thriller author (The Body Snatchers, Time and Again), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Eric Charles Twelves Wilson, English British Army officer (awarded Victoria Cross), born in Sandown, Isle of Wight, England (d. 2008)
  • 1913 Vivian Ridler, British scholar and printer (Oxford University), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2009)
  • 1914 Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist and Thelemite occultist, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1952)
  • 1917 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist (Nobel 1974), born in Thames Ditton, Surrey (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Geoffrey Luttrell, English landowner and Lord Lieutenant of Somerset, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1920 William Cramond, Scottish psychiatrist and vice-chancellor (Stirling University), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Albert Scott Crossfield, American test pilot (XS-1), born in Berkeley, California (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2000)
  • 1923 Jack Dellal, English immovables-goedbezitter/multi-millionaire, (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Sam Wainwright, deputy chairman (British Post Office)
  • 1925 Brian Dillon, British Lord Justice of Appeal (1982-94) (d. 2003)
  • 1926 Jan Morris, Welsh historian and travel writer (Among the Cities, Hong Kong, Journeys), born in Clevedon, Somerset, England
  • 1928 Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologist (Gingham Girl), born in Stettin, Germany (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Anthony Tippet, British Royal Navy officer and Chief of Fleet Support (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Clay Felker, American journalist (NY Herald Tribune, Esquire), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Robin Duthie, British accountant and CEO (Britoil), born in Greenock, Scotland
  • 1929 John Zochonis, British industrialist (PZ Cussons) and philanthropist (d. 2013)
  • 1930 Dave Barrett, 26th Premier of British Columbia (1972-75), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2018)
  • 1932 Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, Irish paramilitary and political leader of Sinn Féin, born in Longford, Ireland (d. 2013)

Person of interestJohn B. Gurdon

1933 John B. Gurdon, English developmental biologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012), born in Dippenhall, Hampshire

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
  • 1934 Duncan Thomson, keeper (Scottish National Portrait Gallery)
  • 1934 Richard Scott, Baron Scott of Foscote, British high court judge, born in Dehradun, India

Person of interestRobert Henry Lawrence, Jr.

1935 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr., 1st African-American astronaut and U.S. Air Force major, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)

  • 1936 Johnnie Cochran, American attorney (O.J. Simpson defense attorney), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • 1936 Roger Sainsbury, Anglican Bishop of Barking
  • 1938 Lloyd Turner, journalist (Daily Express), born in Australia (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Yury Glazkov, Soviet Air Force officer and cosmonaut (Soyuz 24), born in Moscow (d. 2008)
  • 1940 Gheorghe Gruia, Romanian handball player, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2015)
  • 1941 Zareh Baronian, Armenian theologian, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2017)
  • 1943 Franklin Rosemont, American poet, artist and co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1944 Peter Hobson, British headmaster (Giggleswick School) (d. 2003)
  • 1944 Vernor [Steffen] Vinge, American sci-fi author (Witling, True Names), born in Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • 1945 Frank Tejeda, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1948 Donna Karan, American fashion designer (Coty Award-1977), born in Forest Hills, New York
  • 1948 Leslie Frankenheimer, American film set designer (4 Emmy Awards), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2013)
  • 1950 Philip Wilson, Australian Catholic bishop, jailed for concealing sexual abuse, born in Cessnock, Australia
  • 1952 George Meegan, British adventurer who walked 19,019 miles from Argentina to Alaska, born in London
  • 1953 Ernest Bai Koroma, Sierra Leonean politician, President of Sierra Leone (2007-), born in Makeni, Sierra Leone
  • 1956 Murphy Morobe, South Afr UDF leader (spent 3 yrs in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • 1968 Victoria Derbyshire, British radio presenter
  • 1970 Colin Rivas, Galician artist
  • 1973 Verka Serduchka, Ukrainian entertainer
  • 1973 Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician
  • 1974 Paul Teutul Jr., co-star of American Chopper
  • 1976 Jason Dodson, American political consultant and teacher of esotericism
  • 1976 Anita Kulcsár, Hungarian handball player (d. 2005)
  • 1980 Shane Andrus, National Football League kicker
  • 1983 Huda Kattan, American-born make-up artist and beauty entrepreneur, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Weddings in History

  • 1900 Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern
  • 1909 American Playwright Eugene O'Neill (20) marries 1st wife Kathleen Jenkins

Deaths in History

  • 472 Olybrius, emperor of Westromeinse republic (472), dies
  • 939 Gilbert (Giselbert), Duke of Lorraine drowns trying to cross the Rhine at about 49
  • 1113 Mawdoed, Selchuk emir/governor of Mosul, dies
  • 1264 Urbanus IV, [Jacques Pantaleon], French Pope (1261-64), dies
  • 1517 John Murmelius, humanist/theory/school book writer, dies at about 37
  • 1564 Andreas Vesalius [Andries van Wesel], Flemish-Netherlandish physician and anatomist (De humani corporis fabrica), dies after being shipwrecked at 49
  • 1588 Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher (Rerum in Child), dies
  • 1617 Isaac Oliver, miniature painter, dies
  • 1626 Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (b. 1567)
  • 1629 Pierre the Barulle, French cardinal/founder (French Oratorio), dies
  • 1678 Wu San-kuei, gen, invited Manchus to China, dies trying to expel them
  • 1707 Anne Jules duke the Noailles, marshal of France (huguenot), dies at 57
  • 1721 Benott Audran, artist/engraver, dies
  • 1724 François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (Quatre dialogues sur l'immortalité de l'âme), dies at on his 80th birthday
  • 1729 Arnold Boonen, portrait painter, dies at 60
  • 1746 Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • 1764 William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 5th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1756-57), dies at 44
  • 1775 Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet (b. 1703)
  • 1780 John Andre, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, hanged by Americans (spied with B Arnold) at 30
  • 1782 Charles Lee, British and U.S. general (b. 1732)
  • 1786 Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral, dies at 61

Person of interestSamuel Adams

1803 Samuel Adams, American revolutionary (Boston Massacre-Tea Party) and politician (Lt Gov-Mass, 1789-94), dies at 81

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • 1804 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French inventor who designed & built 1st automobile, dies at 79
  • 1809 Wybo Fijnje, politician/patriot/journalist, dies at 59
  • 1817 Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov, Russian naval commander and admiral (b. 1744)
  • 1842 William Ellery Channing, cleric/writer, dies
  • 1846 Benjamin Waterhouse, American physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School and smallpox vaccine pioneer, dies at 92
  • 1850 Sarah Biffin/Beffin, limbless miniature painter, dies
  • 1853 D Francois J Arago, French astronomer/physicist (chromosome), dies
  • 1860 Louis Hersent, painter, dies
  • 1863 Justinus van de Brugghen, lawyer/minister of Justice, dies
  • 1872 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A/M), dies at 78
  • 1873 Cornelius Varley, water-color painter, dies
  • 1883 Joshua Ratoon Sands, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 88
  • 1905 José Maria de Heredia, Cuban-French sonnet poet (Les Trophées), dies at 62
  • 1916 Benjamin Kidel, English sociologist (Social Evolution), dies at 58
  • 1920 Winthrop M. Crane, American politician, 40th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 67
  • 1927 Svante August Arrhenius, chemist, dies
  • 1938 Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and politician (b. 1859)
  • 1944 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • 1947 Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1956 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist, dies at 73
  • 1958 Marie Stopes, birth control pioneer, dies
  • 1962 Boris Y. Bukreev, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
  • 1965 [John] Selwyn (Brooke) Lloyd, British statesman, dies

Person of interestMarcel Duchamp

1968 Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (Nude Descending a Staircase), dies at 81

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • 1969 Katharine Susannah Prichard, Australian novelist (Black Opal), dies at 85
  • 1974 Ina Seidel, writer, dies at 89
  • 1975 Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian political leader, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (b. 1903)
  • 1980 Valentin Varlamov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 46
  • 1981 Harry Golden, American journalist (b. 1902)
  • 1982 William Bernbach, American advertising creative director, dies at 71
  • 1987 Peter Brian Medawar, medical scientist, dies
  • 1988 Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer, developer of the Mini (b. 1906)
  • 1989 Liesbeth Ribbius Peletier, Neth's 1st female advisor of State, dies
  • 1991 Dimitrios I, patriarch/primus interparis orthodox Christians, dies
  • 1991 Jan H Christianse, political chairman (CDA), dies
  • 1993 Henry Ringling North, circus owner (Ringling Bros Circus), dies at 83
  • 1994 Faith Davis, oldest triplets (Charity & Hope survive), dies at 95
  • 1994 Ronald James Herron, architect, dies at 64
  • 1995 Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, artist/teacher, dies at 67
  • 1996 Andrey Lukanov, Bulgarian politician (40th Prime Minister of Bulgaria), assassinated at 58
  • 1996 Ivan Mark Waller, mountaineer, dies at 89
  • 1996 Robert Bourassa, PM of province of Quebec (1970-76, 85-93), dies at 63
  • 1996 Ronald John Bilsland Colville, businessman, dies at 79
  • 1996 Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, theatre historian, dies at 93
  • 1999 Heinz G. Konsalik, German novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2002 Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-born physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 2003 John T. Dunlop, U.S. Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Bert Eriksson, Belgian neo-Nazi (b. 1931)
  • 2005 August Wilson, American playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987), dies at 60
  • 2006 Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006 Paul Halmos, Hungarian-born American mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 Dan Keating, Irish politician (b. 1902)
  • 2007 Christopher Derrick, British writer, dies at 86
  • 2007 Lady Katherine Brandram, Princess of Greece, the last surviving great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, dies at 94
  • 2008 Rob Guest, New Zealand entertainer (b. 1950)
  • 2010 Kwa Geok Choo, wife of Singapore PM Lee Kuan Yew (b. 1920)
  • 2015 Brian Friel, Irish dramatist "Irish Chekhov" (Dancing at Lughnasa), dies at 86