On This Day

On This Day in History for October 20

Events in History

  • 1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1528 Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 King Christian III of Denmark & Norway leads reform in Catholic possessions

King of Denmark and Norway Christian III
King of Denmark and Norway
Christian III
  • 1576 Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht
  • 1587 Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
  • 1603 Chinese uprising in the Philippines fails after 23,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1634 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

CrownRoyal Coronation

1714 Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I

King George I
George I
  • 1740 Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
  • 1751 Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
  • 1774 American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment
  • 1786 Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US
  • 1803 US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase
  • 1813 Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • 1817 1st Mississippi "Showboat" leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
  • 1818 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • 1818 US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 1822 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1827 Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet
  • 1835 HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago to sail to Tahiti
  • 1839 Margaret Fuller is appointed editor of new US Transcendental Magazine "The Dial"
  • 1843 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 1847 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • 1856 Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
  • 1862 Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
  • 1880 Amsterdam Free University opens
  • 1883 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • 1883 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1889 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1891 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • 1898 NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
  • 1899 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • 1902 The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • 1903 US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
  • 1904 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; recognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • 1905 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland

  • 1906 Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
  • 1908 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • 1910 The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1912 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington

Suffragist Alice Paul
Alice Paul

Victory in BattleEnd of World War I

1918 In order to secure a WWI armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions

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This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
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  • 1920 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • 1921 Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden
  • 1921 The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border
  • 1922 Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place
  • 1926 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Wien Alaska Airways, Inc. incorporated; the first airline in Alaska and one of the 1st in the US with Noel Wien as president

Aviation Pioneer Noel Wien
Aviation Pioneer
Noel Wien
  • 1929 Bayshore Highway opens (San Francisco)
  • 1930 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • 1931 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • 1935 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • 1935 Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1936 Spanish government moves to Barcelona

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1939 Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1940 Cheese rationed in Netherlands
  • 1940 Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
  • 1942 "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • 1944 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • 1944 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • 1944 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • 1944 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Philippine Revolution'I Shall Return'

1944 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

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A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
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  • 1947 Robinson Jeffer's "Medea" premieres in NYC
  • 1949 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1951 The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • 1952 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • 1955 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
  • 1956 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
  • 1956 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • 1957 Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1957 Lester B. Pearson is the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his aid in resolving the Suez Crisis

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1959 Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
  • 1960 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI
  • 1962 Chinese army lands in India
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Alec Douglas-Home forms British government

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1964 Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1966 Nobel Prize for Literature awarded jointly to Jewish writers Shmuel Yosef Agnon and Nelly Sachs

  • 1967 All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi
  • 1970 American agronomist Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to world food supply
  • 1970 Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return)

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1971 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1971 The Nepal stock exchange collapses.
  • 1971 Senator in the US Congress Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland
  • 1972 Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1972 John Betjeman is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1973 OPEC oil embargo begins
  • 1973 US President Nixon accepts the resignations of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus as they refuse orders to discharge Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, in what has become known as "The Saturday Night Massacre"
  • 1973 The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass

Birthdays in History

  • 1435 Andrea Della Robbia, Florence, sculptor, nephew of Luca
  • 1475 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api)
  • 1496 Claude de Lutherans, duke of Guise
  • 1616 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (d. 1680)
  • 1620 Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (d. 1691)

Person of interestChristopher Wren

1632 Christopher Wren, English astronomer and architect (St. Paul's Cathedral), born in East Knoyle, Wiltshire (d. 1723)

Architect Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren
  • 1637 Nicolaas van der Veken, Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs)
  • 1656 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (d. 1746)
  • 1660 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1723)
  • 1677 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)
  • 1679 Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer
  • 1700 Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans, Duchess of Modena (d. 1761)
  • 1711 Timothy Ruggles, American-born Tory politician (d. 1795)
  • 1719 Gottfried Achenwall, German lawyer, statistician and economist
  • 1740 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Three Women), born at Castle Zuylen near Utrecht (d. 1805)
  • 1751 Hendrik van Stralen, Dutch politician
  • 1759 Chauncey Goodrich, U.S. Senator from Connecticut (d. 1815)
  • 1780 M Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma/Guastalla

Person of interestHenry John Temple

1784 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, British Prime Minister (1855-58 and 1859-65), born in Westminster, Middlesex (d. 1865)

British Prime Minister Henry John Temple
British Prime Minister
Henry John Temple
  • 1785 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (d. 1873)
  • 1792 Colin Campbell/Lord Clyde, British officer (Sepoy-uprising)
  • 1808 Karl [Theodor] Andree, German geographer/journalist (Globus)
  • 1812 Austin Flint, 19th century heart research pioneer
  • 1819 Daniel Edgar Sickles, American politician, diplomat and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • 1819 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith (d. 1850)
  • 1820 Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820 George Jerrison Stannard, American farmer, teacher, governmental official and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgia, Vermont (d. 1886)
  • 1822 Mansfield Lovell, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • 1823 Thomas Hughes, English politician and author (Tom Brown's School Days), born in Uffington (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (d. 1894)
  • 1843 Victor de Stuers, Dutch art connoisseur

Person of interestArthur Rimbaud

1854 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer (Illuminations), born in Charleville, France (d. 1891)

  • 1858 John Burns, English politician (d. 1943)

Person of interestJohn Dewey

1859 John Dewey, American philosopher, educational theorist and writer (learn by doing), born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 1952)

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1864 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1951)

Person of interestJames Chadwick

1891 James Chadwick, English physicist (Nobel 1935 discovered neutron), born in Bollington, Cheshire (d. 1974)

Physicist James Chadwick
James Chadwick

Person of interestJomo Kenyatta

1891 Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan leader and 1st President of Kenya (1963-78), born in Gatundu, Kenya (d. 1978)

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1897 Jevsei G Liberman, Ukrainian economist (Plan, profit, bonuses)
  • 1897 Crown Prince Eun of Korea (d. 1970)
  • 1899 Evelyn Brent, American actress (Panama Lady, Last Command), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Marnix Gijsen [baron Jan-Albert Goris], Flemish writer (Grote God Pan)
  • 1900 Wayne Morse, (Sen-R/D-Ore)

Person of interestTommy Douglas

1904 Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician (Father of Medicare), born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 1986)

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • 1909 Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese Nihonga style painter, and designer, born in Asakusa, (d. 1993)
  • 1917 Efrain Jonckheer, premier Dutch Antilles
  • 1917 Jean-Pierre Melville, director (A Cop), born in Paris, France
  • 1918 Robert Lochner, German journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1919 Tracy Hall, American inventor (d. 2008)
  • 1921 Hans Warren, Dutch writer/poet/critic (Secret Diary)
  • 1921 Pierre Laporte, Canadian journalist/statesman (Revolution Script)
  • 1923 Joe Minogue, journalist
  • 1924 Kenneth WIlliam Gatland, aerospace scientist
  • 1924 Stanley Eric Francis Booth-Clibborn, bishop (Manchester)
  • 1925 Art Buchwald, columnist and author (Have I Ever Lied to You), born in Mt Vernon, New York
  • 1925 Theodore Hall, American Physicist and atomic spy for the Soviet Union, born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1927 Oskar Pastior, Romanian-born German writer (Oulipo), born in Sibiu (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Joyce Brothers, American pop psychologist ($64,000 Question, Naked Gun), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Li Peng, Chinese leader, Premier of China (1987-98), born in Shanghai French Concession (d. 2019)
  • 1931 Ken Morrison, English supermarket maginate/multi-millionaire
  • 1934 Michiko, empress of Japan
  • 1937 Emma Tennant, English writer (Pemberley: Or, Pride and Prejudice Continued), born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1938 Iain Macmillan, Abbey Road photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1940 Robert Pinsky, American poet and Poet Laureate of the United States
  • 1945 Vladimir Kozlov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow (d. 2012)
  • 1946 Elfriede Jelinek, writer
  • 1948 Robert A Borski, (Rep-D-PA, 1983- )
  • 1951 Patrick Hall, British politician
  • 1951 Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish politician
  • 1952 Mikhail Georgiyevich Potapov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1955 David Profumo, English novelist
  • 1958 Lynn Flewelling, American fantasy author
  • 1959 Shuping Wang, Chinese doctor who exposed China's HIV crisis, born in Fugou County, Henan, China (d, 2019)
  • 1961 Les Stroud, Canadian survival expert (Survivorman), born in Etobicoke, Ontario
  • 1963 Julie Payette, astronaut, born in Montreal, Quebec

Person of interestKamala Harris

1964 Kamala Harris, American lawyer and politician (Vice President United States 2021-present; 1st African-American, Asian-American attorney general of California, born in Oakland, California

49th US Vice President and Senator Kamala Harris
49th US Vice President and Senator
Kamala Harris
  • 1966 Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, Al-Qaeda leader (d. 2006)
  • 1966 Stefan Raab, German entertainer
  • 1966 Patrick J. Volkerding, Founder and maintainer of the Slackware Linux distribution
  • 1970 Michelle Malkin, American political commentator and author

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1943 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton

LoveWedding of Interest

1949 Constitutional lawyer Phyllis Schlafly (25) weds attorney John Fred Schlafly, Jr.

Eagle Forum President Phyllis Schlafly
Eagle Forum President
Phyllis Schlafly

LoveWedding of Interest

1968 Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis on the island of Scorpios

LoveWedding of Interest

1978 Journalist Ben Bradlee (57) weds fellow journalist Sally Quinn (37)

Journalist Ben Bradlee
Ben Bradlee

LoveWedding of Interest

1990 US Senator Rand Paul (27) weds freelance writer Kelley Ashby

US Senator Rand Paul
US Senator
Rand Paul
  • 2005 Prince Floris of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven (30) weds Aimee Sohngen (28) in a civil ceremony at the Stadhuis in Naarden
  • 2006 "Liberty X" member Michelle Heaton (27) weds Pop Idol's Andy Scott-Lee (26) in Hertfordshire, England

LoveWedding of Interest

2007 Future French President Emmanuel Macron (30) marries teacher Brigitte Trogneux (54)

President of France Emmanuel Macron
President of France
Emmanuel Macron
  • 2013 Actor Rider Strong (33) weds actress Alexandra Barreto (31) in Oregon

Deaths in History

  • 460 Eudocia Aelia Athenais, empress Oostromeinse Rich/poetess, dies
  • 1139 Henry X the Trotse, duke of Bayern (1126-38), dies
  • 1187 Urban III [Umberto Crivelli], Italian Pope (1185-87), dies
  • 1268 Conrad Hohenstaufen/Conradin, last Duke of Swabia, beheaded in Naples aged 16
  • 1274 Engelbert II of Falkenburg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1438 Jacopo di Piero della Quercia, Italian sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1525 Joannes Custos, S Neth humanist, dies at about 50
  • 1570 João de Barros, Portuguese historian (b. 1496)
  • 1631 Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1550)
  • 1640 John Ball, English Puritan clergyman and author (A Short Catechisme, containing all the Principal Grounds of Religion), dies at about 55
  • 1652 Antonio Coello, Spanish writer (b. 1611)
  • 1713 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)

Person of interestCharles VI

1740 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40), dies after falling ill on a hunting trip at 55

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1765 William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English supreme commander, dies at 44
  • 1794 James Adam, System architect (essays on agriculture), dies at about 64
  • 1842 Grace Darling, English heroine (b. 1815)
  • 1864 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 27
  • 1865 Champ Ferguson, Confederate guerrilla (b. 1821)
  • 1876 Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, Dutch sociologist/historian, dies at 68
  • 1882 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina poet (El arpa perdida), dies at 41

Person of interestRichard Francis Burton

1890 Richard Burton, English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), dies at 69

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • 1894 James Anthony Froude, English historian and novelist (The Nemesis of Faith), dies at 76
  • 1896 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer, dies at 51
  • 1899 Robert H "Bobby" Gunning, British colonel (60th Rifles), dies in battle
  • 1900 Charles Dudley Warner, American novelist (As We Go), dies at 70
  • 1900 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer, dies at 54
  • 1907 Said Pasha Kurd, Kurdish statesman (b.1834)
  • 1910 David B. Hill, American politician and Governor of New York (1885-91), dies at 67
  • 1913 Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic (1897 Palmer School of Chiropractic), dies of typhoid fever at 68
  • 1926 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate, dies at 70
  • 1929 José Batlle y Ordóñez, President of Uruguay (1899, 1903-7, 1911-15), dies at 73
  • 1929 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), dies at 76
  • 1935 Adolphus Washington Greely, American Arctic explorer and recipient of the Medal of Honor, dies at 91
  • 1936 Anne Sullivan [Johanna Macy], American teacher who educated Helen Keller, dies at 70
  • 1940 Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (b. 1885)
  • 1950 Henry L. Stimson, American statesman (46th United States Secretary of State), dies at 83
  • 1953 Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (b. 1916)

Person of interestHerbert Hoover

1964 Herbert Hoover, 31st President of US (1929-33), dies in NY at 90

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1964 Miles WL Killearn of Killearn, baron/diplomat (Egypt), dies at 84
  • 1967 Yoshida Shigeru, Japanese politician and diplomat, Prime Minister of Japan (1946-54), dies at 89
  • 1968 Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, African-American TV preacher, dies at 84
  • 1972 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), dies at 86
  • 1983 Yves Thériault, French Canadian author (b. 1915)
  • 1984 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American bio-chemist (Nobel 1947-discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy), dies at 87

Person of interestPaul Dirac

1984 Paul Dirac, English physicist (quantum electrodynamics, Nobel 1933), dies at 82

Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureate Paul Dirac
Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Paul Dirac
  • 1986 Samora Machel, president of Mozambique, dies in air crash at 53
  • 1987 Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (theory of probability), dies at 84

Person of interestSheila Scott

1988 Sheila Scott, English aviator (completes 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman), dies at 61

Aviator Sheila Scott
Sheila Scott
  • 1990 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter dies at 72
  • 1992 Orton Chirwa, Malawi's lawyer/Justice minister, dies in captivity
  • 1993 Sugiyama Yasushi, Japanese Nihonga style painter, and designer, dies on his 84th birthday
  • 1994 Sergei Bondarchuk, Soviet director (Destiny of a Man, War and Peace), dies of a heart attack at 74
  • 1994 Ivan Sviták, Czech philosopher and poet, dies at 69
  • 1994 Francis Steegmuller, American biographer (Cocteau), dies at 88
  • 1994 (Charles) Robert Medley, English abstract and figurative style painter, dies at 88
  • 1995 Bernadette Hingley, English priest, one of 1st women to be ordained in England, dies of cancer at 47
  • 1996 Bill Bedford, British test pilot (pioneered the development of V/STOL aircraft), dies at 75
  • 1996 Mary Tuck, British social researcher and civil servant, dies at 68

Person of interestJack Lynch

1999 Jack Lynch, Irish politician and Taoiseach (1966-73 and 1977-79), dies at 82

Taoiseach Jack Lynch
Jack Lynch
  • 2001 Ted Ammon, American financier and investment banker, bludgeoned to death at 52
  • 2004 Anthony Hecht, American poet (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Endon Mahmood, First Lady of Malaysia (breast cancer) (b. 1941)
  • 2005 Eva Svankmajerova, Czech artist (b. 1940)
  • 2008 Sœur Emmanuelle, Belgian-French religious sister, dies at 99

Person of interestBob Guccione

2010 Bob Guccione, American publisher (Penthouse magazine), dies at 79

Publisher Bob Guccione
Bob Guccione
  • 2010 Farooq Leghari, 8th President of Pakistan (1993-97), dies at 70

Person of interestMuammar Gaddafi

2011 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, political theorist and dictator (1969-2011), beaten to death in captivity by a Misratan militia at between 68–71

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 2011 Moatassem Gaddafi, Son of Moammar Gaddafi and National Security Adviser of Libya (b. 1977)
  • 2011 Tone Pavček, Slovenian poet and translator (b. 1928)
  • 2013 Lawrence Klein, American economist who created computer models to forecast economic trends (1980 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences), dies at 93
  • 2014 John Hoskyns, Policy Advisor to Margaret Thatcher (1979-82), dies at 87
  • 2014 Oscar de la Renta, Domincan American fashion designer (Coty Hall of Fame-1973), dies at 82
  • 2016 Junko Tabei, Japanese mountain-climber, 1st woman to climb Mount Everest, dies at 77