On This Day

On This Day in History for October 24

Events in History

  • 1260 Qutuz, Mamluk Sultans of Egypt (1259-60), is assassinated by Baibars, a fellow Mamluk leader, who seizes power for himself
  • 1260 The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; now a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • 1360 The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1492 24 Jews are burned at the stake in Mecklenburg, Germany
  • 1531 Bavaria joins Schmalkaldic League
  • 1593 Alleged teleportation of Spanish soldier Gil Perez from the Philippines to Mexico
  • 1596 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1601 Johannes Kepler succeeds Tycho Brahe as imperial mathematician to Emperor Rudolph II

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1648 Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Years' War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland's independence recognized
  • 1656 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • 1681 Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London
  • 1795 3rd Partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia

BattleBattle of Interest

1812 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow, French army then forced to retreat through the snow towards Smolensk

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1836 Earliest American patent for a phosphorus friction match by Alonzo Dwight Phillips of Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1851 William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
  • 1856 Constitution of South Australia adopted
  • 1861 First US transcontinental telegram is sent (from San Francisco to Washington, D.C.)
  • 1861 West Virginia secedes from Virginia
  • 1871 Mob in Los Angeles, California hangs 18 Chinese

USAStatue of Liberty

1881 Levi P Morton, US ambassador to France drives first rivet in Statue of Liberty

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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
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  • 1899 Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
  • 1900 General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • 1901 First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
  • 1902 Santa Maria volcano in Guatemala erupts, killing 6,000 people and becoming one of the three largest eruptions of the 20th century
  • 1903 First trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
  • 1903 George Sutton becomes billards champion
  • 1908 Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"
  • 1909 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1911 Captain Robert Falcon Scott's expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.

  • 1916 Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • 1917 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • 1922 German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925
  • 1922 Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State
  • 1923 General Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
  • 1924 Christian General Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
  • 1924 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine awarded to Dutchman Willem Einthoven "for his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Harry Houdini's last performance, at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan

Magician and Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician and Escape Artist
Harry Houdini

Another Panic, Another Market CrashAnother Panic, Another Market Crash

1929 "Black Thursday", start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%

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A victim of the Wall Street crash puts his car up for sale in a desperate bid to raise cash
A victim of the Wall Street crash puts his car up for sale in a desperate bid to raise cash
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  • 1929 Belgian princess Marie-Jose & Italian crown prince Umberto get engaged, assassination attempt on Umberto fails

BattleCoup d'état

1930 A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1931 George Washington Bridge linking New York City and New Jersey dedicated, opens the next day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • 1932 British government signs trade treaty with USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Langston Hughes' "Mulatto" premieres in NYC

Poet and Playwright Langston Hughes
Poet and Playwright
Langston Hughes
  • 1938 US forbids child labor in factories
  • 1939 Nylon stockings go on sale for first time (Wilmington, Delaware)
  • 1940 US Fair Labor Standards of 1938 comes into effect - minimum wage, 44 hr week

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler meets the Head of the French State Marshal Philippe Pétain

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Protestant churches protest against dismissal of Jew civil servants
  • 1942 Second day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
  • 1943 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • 1944 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • 1944 US air raid on Japanese battleships and cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • 1944 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • 1944 US Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte

United NationsUnited Nations Charter

1945 Charter of United Nations comes into effect

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Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
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  • 1945 In France PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)
  • 1946 Netherlands & Indonesia sign cease fire
  • 1946 A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket, launched from Whites Sands US, takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.
  • 1947 Series of forest fires burn over $30 million of timber across the New England States
  • 1948 Bernard M Baruch introduces term "Cold War"
  • 1948 Francis Poulenc's "Sinfonietta" premieres

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1948 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical In Multiplicibus Curis

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1949 Construction begins on the United Nations headquarters in New York
  • 1951 Jan de Hartog's "Four Poster" premieres in NYC
  • 1951 United Nations publishes its first postage stamps
  • 1952 Arab Liberation Movement becomes only political party in Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States' support to South Vietnam

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1956 AP names Cin manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
  • 1956 Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes Prime Minister of Hungary
  • 1956 Margaret Towner becomes first woman to be ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA)
  • 1957 The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
  • 1958 USSR lends Egypt 400 million rubles to build Aswan Dam
  • 1960 Disaster on USSR's Baikonoer launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin & team (165 die-unconfirmed); USSR claims killed in plane crash

Battle of InterestCuban Missile Crisis

1962 Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet ships approach but stop short of the US blockade of Cuba

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Reconnaissance photo of Soviet missiles in Cuba shown to John F. Kennedy on October 16, 1962
Reconnaissance photo of Soviet missiles in Cuba shown to John F. Kennedy on October 16, 1962
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  • 1963 KRO shows first episode of Bonanza
  • 1964 Belgian paratroops liberate 1,000 white hostages in Stanleyville
  • 1964 Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day) with Kenneth Kaunda becoming President
  • 1968 The People's Democracy (PD) stage a protest demonstration at Stormont Parliament buildings, Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1970 Nancy Walker creates Ida Morgenstein role on "The Mary Tyler Moore Show"

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Marxist Salvador Allende elected President of Chile by the Chilean Congress

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1971 Harry Drake sets longest arrow flight by a footbow (1 mile 268 yds)
  • 1971 Texas Stadium opens-Cowboys beat Patriots 44-21
  • 1971 President of Sinn Féin Ruairi O'Brady, addresses a party conference in Dublin and proclaims that the North of Ireland must be made ungovernable as a first step to achieve a united Ireland
  • 1971 A member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is shot dead by undercover Royal Ulster Constabulary officers during a bomb attack in Belfast
  • 1972 2 Catholic men are found dead at a farm at Aughinahinch, near Newtownbbutler, County Fermanagh - British soldiers carry out the killings
  • 1973 Heavy fog causes 65 car collision killing 9 on New Jersey Turnpike
  • 1973 Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus
  • 1975 Turkish diplomat shot dead in Paris
  • 1976 1st Jewish film & TV festival
  • 1976 1st Toronto International Film Festival opens
  • 1980 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 Iraqi troops occupies Khorramshar
  • 1980 Polish government legalizes independent labor union Solidarity

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Pablo Picasso's 1937 painting Guernica goes on display in Madrid Spain to celebrate the centenary of the artist's birth

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • 1984 11 members of Colombo crime family arrested
  • 1984 Intelsat 5 re-enters Earth's atmosphere 5 months after it failed
  • 1986 Dodgers' Bill Russell, 38, announces his retirement
  • 1986 Great Britain drops diplomatic relations with Syria

Birthdays in History

Person of interestDomitian

51 Domitian, Roman Emperor (81-96), born in Rome (d. 96)

Roman Emperor Domitian
Roman Emperor
  • 1378 David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
  • 1607 John Lievens, Dutch painter, etcher and wood carver, born in Leiden, Dutch Republic (d. 1674)
  • 1632 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch microscopist who was the first to observe bacteria and protozoa and naturalist (Philosophical Transactions), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1723)
  • 1675 Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician, born in Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany (d. 1749)
  • 1710 Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer, born in Northampton, England (d. 1773)
  • 1763 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (Florentin), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1839)
  • 1788 Sarah Josepha Hale, American author (Mary Had a Little Lamb), born in Newport, New Hampshire (d. 1879)
  • 1789 Jean Chrétien Baud, Dutch gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1834-36), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1859)
  • 1794 Friedrich Balduin von Gagern, German-Dutch army commandant, born in Weilburg, Germany (d. 1848)
  • 1796 August von Platen, German poet, born in Ansbach, Germany (d. 1835)
  • 1804 Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist, born in Wittenberg, Germany (d. 1891)
  • 1808 Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1879)
  • 1815 John Edwards, American politician (US Representative Arkansas) Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • 1817 Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, French chemist and inventor of margarine, born in Draguignan, France (d. 1880)
  • 1830 Belva Ann Lockwood, American attorney (1st lady to argue in Supreme Court), born in Royalton, New York (d. 1917)
  • 1844 Karl Lueger, Austrian politician, cofounder and leader of the Austrian Christian Social Party, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1910)
  • 1854 Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom, Dutch chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte), born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1907)
  • 1855 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), born in Utica, New York (d. 1912)
  • 1868 Alexandra David-Néel, Belgian-French explorer and writer, born in Saint-Mandé, France (d. 1969)
  • 1873 Edmund Taylor Whittaker, Southport, Lancashire, U.K., British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions)
  • 1875 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Paul Basilius Barth, Swiss painter and lithographer, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1955)
  • 1885 Ernest Claes, Belgian author (Saints from Zichem), born in Zichem, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Delmira Agustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1914)
  • 1887 Victoria von Battenberg, Queen of Spain as the wife of King Alfonso XIII, born in Balmoral Castle, Scotland (d. 1969)
  • 1890 Main Rousseau Bocher, American uniform designer (Red Cross, Girl Scouts, Waves), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1976)
  • 1891 Rafael Trujillo [Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina], Dominican politician, soldier and dictator of the Dominican Republic (1930-61), born in San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic (d. 1961)
  • 1892 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, born in Chur, Switzerland (d. 1943)
  • 1894 Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Bengali author, born in Darbhanga district, Bihar, British India (d. 1987)
  • 1899 Ferhat Abbas, Algerian politician and President of the National Constituent Assembly of Algeria (1962-63), born in Taher, Algeria (d. 1985)
  • 1900 Elizabeth Hill, Russian-English teacher of Salvonic languages, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1996)

Person of interestMelvin Purvis

1903 Melvin Purvis [Little Mel], American FBI agent that lead the manhunt for outlaws like Baby Face Nelson, Pretty Boy Floyd, and John Dillinger, born in Timmonsville, South Carolina (d. 1960)

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • 1903 Charlotte Perriand, French architect and furniture designer (Unité d'habitation), born in Paris, France (d. 1999)

Person of interestMoss Hart

1904 Moss Hart, playwright (You Can't Take it With You, Act 1), born in The Bronx, New York

Playwright Moss Hart
Moss Hart
  • 1906 Marie-Louise von Motesiczky, Austrian painter, born in Vienna (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1968)
  • 1908 John Alwyne Kitching, British zoologist (d. 1996)
  • 1908 John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (contributions to plate tectonics), born in Ottawa, Ontario (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Clarence M. Kelley, American 2nd Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1973-77), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Paul Grégoire, French Canadian Archbishop of Montreal, born in Viauville, Montreal, Quebec (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Nathaniel Wyeth, American chemist and inventor (created PET plastic beverage bottle), born in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • 1915 Roger Milliken, American millionaire (CEO of Milliken & Company), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1915 Marghanita Laski, English journalist and author (Victorian chaise-lounge), born in Manchester, England (d. 1988)
  • 1919 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer and helicopter aviation pioneer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)
  • 1920 Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Julius Youngner, American scientist, helped develop Salk polio vaccine, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Denise Levertov, American poet and essayist (Joy Beneath the Skin), born in Ilford, Essex, England (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Piet Roozenburg, Dutch World champion checker player (1948, 51, 52, 55), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Jayaram N. Reddy, South African politician
  • 1928 Gabriel Laub, Polish writer, born in Bochnia, Poland (d. 1998)
  • 1929 Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer and playwright (The Tied Up Balloon), born in Kalimanitza, Montana region, Bulgaria (d. 2004)
  • 1929 Hubert Aquin, French-Canadian novelist, political activist and editor, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1977)
  • 1930 Johan Galtung, Norwegian polemologist (Meaning of Nonviolence), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1930 Sultan Ahmad Shah, 7th King of Malaysia (1979-84), born in Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya (d. 2019)
  • 1932 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (1991), born in Paris, France (d. 2007)

Person of interestRobert Mundell

1932 Robert Mundell, Canadian economist and Nobel laureate (1999) "father of the euro", born in Kingston, Ontario

Economist/Nobel Laureate Robert Mundell
Economist/Nobel Laureate
Robert Mundell
  • 1933 Norman Rush, American writer (Mating), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1933 Ronald "Ronnie" Kray and Reginald "Reggie" Kray, English gangsters (the Kray twins), born in London, England
  • 1936 Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1940 David Sainsbury, English billionaire and founder (Dutch Soc-Dem)
  • 1941 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013 nominee), born in Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1943 José E. Serrano, American politician (Rep-D-New York), born in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
  • 1945 Anthony Christian, English artist
  • 1945 Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive, born in Ham-Nord, Quebec
  • 1947 Edgar Broughton, English rocker (Edgar Broughton Band), born in Warwick, Warwickshire, England
  • 1948 Kweisi Mfume, American (Rep-D-Maryland) and CEO of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949 Robert Pickton, Canadian serial killer charged with the first degree murder of twenty-six women, born in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia
  • 1954 Brad Sherman, American politician, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1954 Tom Mulcair, Quebec politician (Leader of the New Democratic Party 2012-17), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1954 Mike Rounds, American politician (31st Governor of South Dakota), born in Huron, South Dakota

Person of interestMalcolm Turnbull

1954 Malcolm Turnbull, Australian politician, Prime Minister (2015-18), born in Sydney, Australia

Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Turnbull
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Turnbull
  • 1954 Wang Jianlin, Chinese businessman and founder of Dalian Wanda Group, born in Cangxi County, Sichuan Province
  • 1956 Dale Maharidge, American author (And Their Children After Them), born in Ohio
  • 1959 Michelle Lujan Grisham, American politician, Governor of New Mexico (2019-), born in Los Alamos, New Mexico
  • 1961 Susan Kilrain [Still], USN commander and astronaut (STS 83, 94), born in Augusta, Georgia
  • 1961 Mary Bono, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California 1998-2013), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1961 Dave Meltzer, American wrestling journalist and sports historian, born in New York
  • 1965 Kyriakos Velopoulos, Greek politician, born in Essen, Ruhr, West Germany
  • 1966 Roman Abramovich, Russian-Israeli oil magnate, born in Saratov, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
  • 1968 Robert Wilonsky, American journalist, born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1970 Rob Leslie-Carter, British engineer and project manager, born in Oxford, England
  • 1972 Susan Barnett, Miss Pennsylvania 1996 and news anchor, born in Levittown, Pennsylvania
  • 1972 Scott Peterson, American murderer, born in San Diego, California
  • 1974 Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster, son of English prince Richard, born in London
  • 1980 Monica, American (The Boy is Mine), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1980 Zac Posen, American fashion designer, born in NYC, New York
  • 1989 Shenae Grimes (also Grimes-Beech), Canadian-American (90210 - "Annie"), born in Toronto, Ontario

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1867 US Admiral George Dewey (29) weds daughter of New Hampshire's war governor Susan Goodwin

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey

LoveWedding of Interest

1976 Pediatrician Benjamin Spock (73) weds Mary Morgan

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Benjamin Spock

Deaths in History

  • 996 Hugh Capet, King of France (987-96), dies at 58
  • 1375 King Valdemar IV of Denmark (1340-75), dies at about 55
  • 1537 Jane Seymour, 3rd wife of Henry VIII and Queen of England (1536-7), dies of postnatal complications at 28
  • 1572 Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, English nobleman under Henry VIII and Elizabeth I, dies at about 62 or 63
  • 1579 Albrecht V von Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 51

Person of interestTycho Brahe

1601 Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer, dies in Prague at 54

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1649 Ferdinand van Boisschot, South Neth diplomat, dies at about 89
  • 1655 Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, dies at 63
  • 1667 Gabriel Metsu, Dutch painter, buried
  • 1667 Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer, the crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him, dies at 87
  • 1669 William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)
  • 1672 John Webb, English architect (b. 1611)
  • 1679 Barent Avercamp, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 66
  • 1708 Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
  • 1789 Lucretia Wilhelmina van Merken, Dutch poet, dies at 68
  • 1821 Elias Boudinot, American lawyer and patriot, President of the Continental Congress, dies at 81
  • 1842 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule, dies at 64

Person of interestDaniel Webster

1852 Daniel Webster, US Secretary of State (1841-43, 1850-52), politician and lawyer,, dies at 70

American Statesman Daniel Webster
American Statesman
Daniel Webster
  • 1860 Élie, Duke Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician (Sainte-Martin-de-Laye, France), dies at 80
  • 1864 James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46
  • 1869 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
  • 1875 Raffaello Carboni, Italian writer
  • 1897 Francis Turner Palgrave, English poet (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
  • 1898 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter, dies at 73
  • 1912 Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain/author (Zeesterre), dies at 83
  • 1913 Isabel Barrows, American editor and penologist (Conference on Negro Question), dies at 68
  • 1915 Désiré Charnay, French traveller and archaeologist, dies at 87
  • 1922 George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (Cadbury), dies at 83
  • 1925 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Lusy), dies at 56
  • 1929 Peter J Blok, Dutch historian, dies at 74
  • 1938 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, dies at 68
  • 1940 Pierre Weiss, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism) dies at 75
  • 1943 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (Regards et jeux dans l'espace), dies at 31
  • 1944 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • 1944 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer, dies at 67 (b. 1877)
  • 1945 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide

Person of interestVidkun Quisling

1945 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Minister of Defense and Prime Minister (1942-45), executed for collaborating with the Nazis at 58

Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator Vidkun Quisling
Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator
Vidkun Quisling
  • 1955 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
  • 1956 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), dies at 100
  • 1958 G. E. Moore, English philosopher (systematic approach to ethical problems), dies at 84
  • 1966 Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
  • 1970 Richard Hofstadter, American historian, dies at 54
  • 1975 Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador, killed by car bomb in Paris
  • 1975 Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian, dies at 87
  • 1980 Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), dies at 30
  • 1985 Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Quebec, (b. 1905)
  • 1985 Lásló Jósef Bíró, Hungarian inventor (ballpoint pen), dies at 86
  • 1987 Constantin Alajalov, Armenian-American artist (Ditters & Jitters), dies at 86
  • 1991 Leon Clements, journalist (Interlijnen), dies at 43
  • 1992 Alexander V Van de Wall Bake, staff leader/gov KMA Breda, dies
  • 1992 Laurie Colwin, American author (Happy All the Time), dies at 48
  • 1993 Ben Scholtens, historian (Gaama Duumi), murdered at 39
  • 1993 Desmond Nuttall, English theorist, dies at 49
  • 1994 Alexandr Nikolaievich Shelepin, dir of KGB (1958-61), dies
  • 1994 Gamini Dissanayake, Sri Lankain presidential candidate, murdered
  • 1995 Emile Jonassaint, president of Haiti (1994), dies at 82
  • 1995 Ronald Selby Wright, Scottish Church of Scotland minister, dies at 87
  • 1996 Arthur Axmann, German Nazi leader, head of the Hitler Youth in (1940-45), dies at 83
  • 1996 Bruce Matthews, Australian newspaper executive who worked for Rupert Murdoch, dies at 71 [1]
  • 1996 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat, dies at 96
  • 1996 Roderick Barclay, diplomat, dies at 87
  • 1997 Adolph Blaine Charles David Earl Frederick Gerald Hubert Irvin John Kenneth Lloyd Martin Nero Oliver Paul Quincy Randolph Sherman Thomas Uncas Victor William Xerxes Yancy Zeus Wolfeschlegelsteinhausen, longest personal name, dies at possibly 83 (birth date disputed)
  • 1998 Mary Calderone, American physician and founder (planned parenthood), dies at 94
  • 2001 Wolf Rüdiger Hess, German neo-Nazi (b. 1937)
  • 2002 Winton M. Blount, United States Postmaster General (b. 1921)
  • 2002 Harry Hay, American activist (b. 1912)
  • 2003 Rosie Nix Adams, Stepdaughter of Johnny Cash (b. 1958)
  • 2003 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K., dies from cancer of the stomach at 70
  • 2004 Randy Dorton, American race car crew member (b. 1954)
  • 2004 James Cardinal Hickey, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1920)
  • 2005 José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (1986-90), dies at 78

Person of interestRosa Parks

2005 Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger, dies of natural causes at 92

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • 2005 Immanuel C.Y. Hsu, scholar of modern Chinese intellectual and diplomatic history (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Mokarrameh Ghanbari, Iranian painter (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Enolia McMillan, American civil rights activist (b. 1904)
  • 2006 William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2007 Alisher Saipov, Kyrgyz journalist
  • 2007 Ian Middleton, New Zealand novelist (b. 1928)
  • 2010 Lamont Johnson, American television director (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Joseph Stein, American playwright (Fiddler on the Roof), dies at 98
  • 2011 John McCarthy, American computer scientist and pioneer in the field of Artificial Intelligence, inventor of the Lisp programming language.(b. 1927)
  • 2014 Marcia Strassman, American actress, dies from breast cancer at 66
  • 2016 Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (2000-2005), dies at 88
  • 2020 Kevin McCarra, Scottish sports journalist (The Guardian, Scotland on Sunday, The Times), dies from Alzheimer's disease at 62