On This Day

On This Day in History for October 27

Events in History

Papal VisitVision of the Cross

312 Roman Emperor Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross

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Roman Emperor Constantine as depicted by Raphael having his Vision of the Cross on October 27, 312
Roman Emperor Constantine as depicted by Raphael having his Vision of the Cross on October 27, 312
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  • 625 Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 710 Saracen invasion of Sardinia
  • 939 Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England
  • 1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1507 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz on Hormuz Island

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1523 English troops occupy Montalidier, France
  • 1553 Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva
  • 1605 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1627 English invasion force under George Villiers assaults the French island of Île de Ré

Courtier and Statesman George Villiers
Courtier and Statesman
George Villiers

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1644 Second Battle of Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1651 English troops occupy Limerick, Ireland
  • 1676 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is founded by Englishman William Penn

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1688 King James II dismisses premier Robert Spencer
  • 1702 British troops plunder St Augustine, Florida
  • 1775 US Navy forms as the Continental Navy
  • 1780 Samuel Williams and the first U.S. astronomical expedition to record an eclipse of the sun observes the event at Penobscot Bay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 Federalist Papers start appearing in New York newspapers under pseudonym "Publius" (written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay)

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • 1795 Pinckney's Treaty [Treaty of San Lorenzo] signed by Spain and US, establishing the southern boundary of the US and giving Americans right to navigate the Mississippi River
  • 1806 The French Army enters in Berlin
  • 1810 United States annexes West Florida from Spain
  • 1830 Major-General Baron D Chasse bombs Antwerp (Belgium revolution)
  • 1838 Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
  • 1863 Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • 1864 Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
  • 1864 Second Battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia near Richmond
  • 1864 Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed and sunk by a spar torpedo mounted on a steam launch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Giuseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Democratic leader of Tammany Hall NY, Boss Tweed is arrested after the NY Times exposes his corruption

Politician and Businessman Boss Tweed
Politician and Businessman
Boss Tweed
  • 1884 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC
  • 1893 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah, Georgia & Charleston, South Carlolina
  • 1896 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
  • 1904 First section of New York subway - Lower Manhattan to Broadway Harlem, opened by Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT), fare one nickel
  • 1907 The first trial of the so called Eulenberg Affair, which will rock the highest circles of Germany, ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 President Woodrow Wilson says US will never attack another country

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1914 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • 1915 Andrew Fisher is replaced as Labour Prime Minister by William 'Billy' Hughes, who will advocate a more active role for Australians in the war
  • 1916 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • 1917 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US
  • 1919 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • 1920 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • 1920 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA is granted a Limited Commercial license by the Department of Commerce
  • 1922 1st commemoration of Navy Day (USA)
  • 1922 Dutch 2nd Chamber votes for child labor laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 In Italy, Liberal Luigi Facta resigns in the face of threats from Mussolini that 'either the Government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome'

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1924 The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union
  • 1925 Water skis patented by Fred Waller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Queen Wilhelmina opens Meuse-Waal Canal in Nijmegen

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1935 SDAP and NVV launches "Plan for Work" in Utrect, Netherlands
  • 1938 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • 1941 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan
  • 1942 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
  • 1944 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Tito reaches free Belgrade

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1945 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • 1946 Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)

BattleHistoric Siege

1948 Albert Camus' "L'etat de Siege" premieres in Paris

Author Albert Camus
Albert Camus
  • 1948 Israel recaptures Nizzanim in Negev
  • 1948 Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnam Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
  • 1955 Argentine peso devalued
  • 1955 Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo
  • 1957 Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
  • 1958 General Ayub Khan succeeds Iskander Mirza as President of Pakistan
  • 1959 Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico
  • 1960 AL admits LA & Washington to the league
  • 1961 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
  • 1961 Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of United Nations
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR

The Man Who Saved The WorldThe Man Who Saved The World

1962 Black Saturday during the Cuban Missile Crisis: An American spy plane is shot down over Cuba and the navy drops warning depth charges on Soviet submarines

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Trial of strength: How a cartoonist saw the confrontation between Kruschev and Kennedy
Trial of strength: How a cartoonist saw the confrontation between Kruschev and Kennedy
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  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian oil industry's most powerful figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances
  • 1963 Bob Simpson completes 359 for NSW v Qld at Gabba
  • 1964 Congo rebel leader Christopher Gbenye holds 60 Americans & 800 Belgians
  • 1966 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1966 UN deprives South Africa of Namibia
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1967 4 people from Baltimore pour blood on selective service records
  • 1967 NLF leaves People's Republic of South-Yemen
  • 1969 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to John Tinbergen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization known as Nader's Raiders

Political Activist Ralph Nader
Political Activist
Ralph Nader
  • 1969 St Vincent & Grenadines gains associated status with Britain
  • 1971 Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes Republic of Zaire
  • 1971 Gerard Newe becomes the first Catholic to serve in any Northern Ireland government since 1920; Newe was appointed to try to improve community relations
  • 1972 Golden Gate National Recreation Area created
  • 1972 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973 Alabama sets offensive record (828 yds), beats Virginia Tech 77-6
  • 1977 Amsterdam businessman M Caransa kidnapped
  • 1977 NASA launches space vehicle S-200

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US President Jimmy Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1979 St Vincent & Grenadines becomes independent of UK (National Day)
  • 1979 Voluntary Euthanasia Society publishes how-to-do-it suicide guide

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1980 William Safire’s column entitled "The Ayatollah Votes" is published in the New York Times, and was later quoted in a campaign ad for Ronald Reagan in that year's presidential election

Political Columnist and Presidential Speechwriter William Safire
Political Columnist and Presidential Speechwriter
William Safire
  • 1981 Andrew Young, former UN Ambassador, elected mayor of Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1981 The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.
  • 1982 China announces its population has reached 1 billion plus people

Birthdays in History

  • 1156 Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse (1194-1222), born in Saint-Gilles, Gard, France (d. 1222)
  • 1335 Taejo of Joseon [Yi Seong-gye], King of Joseon (1392-98), born in Hamhung, North Korea (d. 1408)
  • 1401 Catherine of Valois, Queen of Henry V of England, born in Paris (d. 1437)

Person of interestJames Cook

1728 James Cook, British explorer, navigator and cartographer who was the first European to explore much of Australia, the Pacific Islands and New Zealand, born in Marton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1779)

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1744 Mary Moser, English painter (Flowers Still Life), born in London (d. 1819)
  • 1760 August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal, born in Schildau, Saxony (d. 1831)
  • 1761 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), born in Shotts Manse, Lanarkshire (d. 1823)
  • 1762 Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, Dutch count and Minister of Foreign affairs (1813-14), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1834)
  • 1763 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1840)
  • 1800 Benjamin Franklin Wade, American politician, US Senator from Ohio (1851-69), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1878)
  • 1809 Peter Donders, Dutch Roman Catholic missionary to Suriname, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1887)
  • 1811 Isaac Singer, American inventor (1st practical home sewing machine), born in Pittstown New York (d. 1875)
  • 1811 Stevens T. Mason, First Governor of Michigan (1835-40), born in Leesburg, Virginia (d. 1843)
  • 1814 Daniel H. Wells, Mormon leader and 3rd Mayor of Salt Lake City, born in Trenton, New York (d. 1891)
  • 1828 Jacob Dolson Cox, Canadian-American statesman, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1900)
  • 1829 Christopher Columbus Andres, American diplomat, newspaperman, author, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire (d. 1922)
  • 1838 John Davis Long, 32nd Governor of Massachusetts (1880-1915), born in Buckfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • 1842 Giovanni Giolitti, 5x Prime Minister of Italy (1892-93, 1903-05, 1906-09, 1911-14, 1920-21), born in Mondovì, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1928)
  • 1844 Klas Arnoldson, Swedish politician and pacifist (Nobel Peace 1908), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • 1854 Sir William Alexander Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade, born in Pennyland House, Thurso, Scotland (d. 1914)

Person of interestTheodore Roosevelt

1858 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US President (R: 1901-09; Nobel 1906), born in NYC, New York (d. 1919)

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1865 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1958)
  • 1872 Emily Post, American authority on social behaviour and writer (Etiquette), born in Baltimore, Maryland [or Oct 3rd, 1873] (d. 1960)

Person of interestOwen D. Young

1874 Owen D. Young, American industrialist (RCA) and diplomat (Young Plan), born in Stark, New York (d. 1962)

Diplomat and Industrialist Owen D. Young
Diplomat and Industrialist
Owen D. Young
  • 1885 Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter, born in Sundsvall, Sweden (d. 1948)
  • 1889 Enid Bagnold, British novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1981)
  • 1892 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), born in Quebrangulo, Brazil (d. 1953)
  • 1892 Victor E. van Vriesland, Dutch poet (Mirror of Dutch Poetry), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • 1894 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor, born in Hassfurt, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1894 Oliver Leese, British World War II general, born in Westminster, London (d. 1978)
  • 1896 Edith Haisman, the oldest survivor of Titanic, born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Earle Cabell, American politician, 48th Mayor of Dallas (1961-64), born in Dallas County, Texas (d. 1975)
  • 1907 Moises Frumencio da Costa Gomez, 1st Prime Minister of Dutch Antilles (d. 1966)
  • 1908 Lee Krasner, American abstract expressionist painter, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1984)
  • 1910 Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne and Guinness brewing heir, born in Mandatory Palestine (d. 1992)
  • 1913 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, born near Lodge Grass, Montana (d. 2013)
  • 1914 Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (Child's Christmas in Wales), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1953)
  • 1914 Stanislaw Brunstein, artist
  • 1916 Kazimierz Brandys, Polish essayist and writer, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 2000)

Person of interestOliver Tambo

1917 Oliver Tambo, South African lawyer, anti-apartheid politician and co-founder (African National Congress), born in Nkantolo, Bizana, South Africa (d. 1993)

Anti-Apartheid Politician and Revolutionary Oliver Tambo
Anti-Apartheid Politician and Revolutionary
Oliver Tambo
  • 1917 Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough, born in West Derby, Liverpool (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Paul Dixon, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show), born in Albia, Iowa (d. 1974)
  • 1920 K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India (1997-2002), born in Uzhavoor, Kerala (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Warren Allen Smith, American gay rights activist and writer, born in Minburn, Iowa (d. 2017)
  • 1922 Carlos Andrés Pérez, President of Venezuela (1974-79, 89-94), born in Rubio, Venezuela (d. 2010)
  • 1923 Roy Lichtenstein, Pop art painter (painted comic book panels), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Alain Bombard, French Biologist, Physician, and Politician who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in a small boat to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive without provisions, born in Paris, France
  • 1925 Warren M Christopher, 63rd United States Secretary of State (1993-97), born in Scranton, North Dakota (d. 2011)
  • 1925 Albert Medwin, American electrical engineer and inventor

Person of interestH. R. Haldeman

1926 H. R. Haldeman, Nixon's White House Chief of Staff during Watergate, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1993)

Nixon's White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman
Nixon's White House Chief of Staff
H. R. Haldeman
  • 1927 Edward Keinholz, American artist and sculptor, born in Fairfield, Washington (d. 1994)
  • 1928 Stefan Wewerka, German architect and sculptor, born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1929 Marino Iandioro, canned Tomato Pioneer
  • 1931 David Bryant, English lawn bowler (World Outdoor C'ship singles 1966, 80, 88; 4 x C'wealth Games gold singles), born in Clevedon, England (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Nawal el-Saadawi, Egyptian feminist writer and activist, born in Kafr Tahla, Egypt (d. 2021) [1]

Person of interestSylvia Plath

1932 Sylvia Plath, American poet and novelist (Colossus, 3 Women, Bell Jar), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath
  • 1934 David Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, born in Hammersmith, London
  • 1934 Frederick Barclay, British hotel magnate and multi-millionaire, born in Hammersmith, London
  • 1938 Maurice Hinchey, American politician (Rep-D-New York), born in NYC, New York
  • 1940 Maxine Hong Kingston, American author (The Woman Warrior), born in Stockton, California

Person of interestJohn Gotti

1940 John Gotti, mafia head of the Gambino family, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2002)

Gangster John Gotti
John Gotti
  • 1945 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, 35th President of Brazil (2003-11), born in Caetés, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1946 Leslie Byrne, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1946 Steven R. Nagel, American astronaut, USAF (STS 51-G, 61-A, 37, 55), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • 1946 Terry J. Hart, American astronaut (STS 41C), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Terry Anderson, American journalist, US hostage held in Lebanon (1985-91), born in Lorain, Ohio
  • 1949 Mike Kopetski, American businessman and politician (Rep-D-Oregon), born in Pendleton, Oregon
  • 1949 Clifford Antone, American businessman, born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2006)
  • 1951 Carlos Frenk, Mexican-British cosmologist, born in Mexico
  • 1951 Nancy Jacobs, American politician (R), Senator Maryland (1999-2015), born in Charleston, West Virginia

Person of interestEdward Lee Howard

1951 Edward Lee Howard, American CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy who defected to the Soviet Union in 1985, born in Alamogordo, New Mexico (d. 2002)

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • 1953 Michael Baker, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 43, 52, 68, 81), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1955 Debra Bowen, American politician, 31st Secretary of State of California (2007-15), born in Rockford, Illinois
  • 1956 Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer, born in California
  • 1958 Lee Carter, Alabama Judge of the 25th Judicial Circuit
  • 1966 Matt Drudge, American political commentator and blogger (Drudge Report), born in Takoma Park, Maryland
  • 1971 Jade Arcade, American comics artist and writer, born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1981 Kristi Richards, Canadian freestyle skier, born in Penticton, British Columbia
  • 1982 Dennis Moran, American computer hacker, born in Middlesex County, Massachusetts (d. 2013)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1880 Theodore Roosevelt, later 26th US President marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Deaths in History

  • 925 Rhazes [Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyāʾ al-Rāzī], Persian, dies at 60
  • 939 King Athelstan I of England, often regarded as the 1st king of England (b. 895)
  • 1271 Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, French crusader, dies at 59
  • 1312 John II, Duke of Brabant (b. 1275)
  • 1327 Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)
  • 1331 Aboe al-Fida [Aboelfeda], Arabic writer/sultan of Hama, dies
  • 1430 Vytautas the Great, Grand Duke of Lithuania (b. 1350)
  • 1439 Albert II of Germany, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia, dies at about 42
  • 1449 Ulugh Beg, Timurid sultan of Samarkand and astronomer, assassinated at 56

Person of interestIvan the Great

1505 Ivan the Great, Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia (1462-1505) who conquered Lithuania, dies at 65

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great
  • 1542 Abraham ben Avigdor, rabbi/author (commentary on Tur), dies
  • 1553 Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian physician, burnt at stake for heresy at Champel near Geneva
  • 1561 Lope de Aguirre, Spanish conquistador (b. 1510)
  • 1573 Laurentius Petri, first Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden (b. 1499)
  • 1580 John Bonga, beggar, dies

Person of interestAkbar

1605 Akbar, 3rd Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605), dies at 63

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
  • 1617 Ralph Winwood, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1651 Jan III van Foreest, Dutch lawyer, poet and mayor of Hoorn, dies at 65
  • 1652 Henry, count of Nassau-Siegen, colonel/gov of Hulst, dies
  • 1670 Vavasor Powell, Welsh non-conformist leader (b. 1617)
  • 1674 Hallgrímur Pétursson, Icelandic poet (b. 1614)
  • 1675 Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1687 Renatus Rapinus [René Rapin], French Jesuit theologian and poet (Hortorum libri IV), dies at 65
  • 1725 Jacob Hop, politician/diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1789 John Cook, American farmer and Governor of Delaware (b. 1730)
  • 1824 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, Swiss-Canadian cartographer and statesman, dies at 102
  • 1845 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834), dies at 60
  • 1879 John Wilkins Whitfield, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 61
  • 1897 Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, granddaughter of George III, grandmother of Edward VIII and George VI and great-grandmother of Elizabeth II, dies at 63
  • 1917 Arthur Rhys-Davids, English flying ace (WW I), dies at 20
  • 1919 Theodoor H de Meester, premier (1905-08), dies
  • 1927 Joseph "Squizzy" Taylor, Australian gangster, dies of wounds following a gunfight with a rival gangster, John "Snowy" Cutmore, at 39
  • 1933 Meir Shapira, rabbi/organizer (Daf Yomi), dies
  • 1938 Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic, dies at 57
  • 1941 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist (physiology of development, fertilization, cell division), dies of pancreatic cancer at 58
  • 1942 Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)
  • 1943 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • 1944 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • 1954 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), dies at 66
  • 1958 Frederik Gerretson [Geerten Gossaert], historian/poet/politician, dies at 74
  • 1958 Joseph Klausner, Polish-Israeli new testament expert, dies at 84
  • 1962 Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate (Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi), dies at 58
  • 1962 Rudolph Anderson, U-2 pilot, shot down over Cuba
  • 1964 Willi Bredel, German writer, dies at 63
  • 1968 Lise Meitner, Austrian-Swedish physicist (discovered the nuclear fission of uranium, dies at 89
  • 1975 Rex Stout, American detective writer (Nero Wolfe), dies at 88
  • 1977 James M. Cain, American writer (Postman Always Rings Twice), dies at 85
  • 1979 Father Charles Coughlin, Canadian-American Roman Catholic priest and pro-Fascist radio broadcaster, dies at 88
  • 1980 John Van Vleck, American physicist, mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, dies at 81
  • 1988 S B Fuller, founder (Fuller products), dies at 83
  • 1988 Hannah Tillich, German-American writer (Harbor Mouse) and wife of Paul Tillich, dies at 92
  • 1990 Elliott Roosevelt, son of FDR, dies at 80
  • 1990 Princess Sophie von Hohenberg, daughter of assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1901)
  • 1990 Jacques Demy, French director (The Umbrellas of Cherbourg), dies of AIDS at 59
  • 1991 Pyke F C Koch, realistic painter, dies
  • 1991 George Barker, English poet, dies at 78
  • 1992 David Bohm, American-born physicist, philosopher, and neuropsychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1996 James Aubrey Turner, scientist, dies at 57
  • 1999 Robert Mills, American physicist (quantum field theory), dies at 72
  • 1999 Charlotte Perriand, French architect and furniture designer (Unité d'habitation), dies at 96
  • 2006 Brad Will, American anarchist and independent journalist (b. 1970)
  • 2007 Pierre Janssen, Dutch art museum director, dies at 81
  • 2008 Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, dies at 87
  • 2010 Owen B Pickett, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia 1987-2001), dies at 80
  • 2010 Néstor Kirchner, Argentine politician, President of Argentina (2003-2007), dies of heart failure at 60
  • 2011 James Hillman, founder of Archetypal Psychology (b. 1926)
  • 2018 Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha, Thai businessman, sports team owner (Leicester City FC), dies in helicopter crash at 60