On This Day

On This Day in History for October 28

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

306 Maxentius proclaimed Emperor of Rome

Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

312 Emperor Constantine the Great beats rival Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor
  • 969 Byzantine troops occupy Antioch (in modern Syria)
  • 1061 Emperor disposes of bishop Cadalus & Pope Honorius II
  • 1420 Beijing is declared the capital of the Ming dynasty under the Yongle Emperor
  • 1422 Charles V's son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France
  • 1449 Christian I is crowned King of Denmark in the Church of Our Lady, Copenhagen, establishing the House of Oldenburg (still rules the Danish throne today)
  • 1467 Battle at Brustem: Charles the Stoute beats the Luikenaars

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1492 Christopher Columbus sights Cuba and claims it for Spain under the name "Juana"

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1516 Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza
  • 1531 Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
  • 1538 The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola
  • 1574 Prince Willem of Orange installs university
  • 1595 Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1612 Robert Dowland appointed court luitist of King James I

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1628 Huguenot bulwark La Rochelle surrenders to Cardinal Richelieu
  • 1636 Harvard University, Cambridge, founded by a vote of the Massachusetts General Court
  • 1646 First Protestant church assembly for American Indians established in Massachusetts
  • 1664 The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1726 "Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift is published by Benjamin Motte in London

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1740 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia [OS=Oct 17]
  • 1746 Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die

BattleBattle of Interest

1776 Battle of White Plains: George Washington retreats to New Jersey

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1790 New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000

InventionHistoric Invention

1793 Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1811 First known purchase of Jane Austen's novel "Sense and Sensibility" by the Prince Regent (later George IV), a fan

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen

Faraday, the Blacksmith's Boy Who Changed the WorldFaraday, the Blacksmith's Boy Who Changed the World

1831 Michael Faraday demonstrates his dynamo invention, an electrical generator

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Michael Faraday working in his converted kitchen laboratory in the 1850s. Painting by artist Harriet Moore.
Michael Faraday working in his converted kitchen laboratory in the 1850s. Painting by artist Harriet Moore.
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  • 1834 The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
  • 1846 Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
  • 1848 The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1856 French Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin performs for Algerian Marabouts in Algeria to convince them that French magic is the stronger

  • 1858 R. H. Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $11.06
  • 1863 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • 1864 Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • 1864 Second Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends with 1554 casualties
  • 1864 Battle of Wauhatchie, Tennessee
  • 1867 Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US
  • 1882 Athletics reveal $22,000 profit in their 1st season in the American Association

USAStatue of Liberty

1886 Statue of Liberty dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland, celebrated by first confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City

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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
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  • 1891 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & Premier Botho zu Eulenburg

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1904 St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints
  • 1906 Belgian-British "Union Minière du Haut Katanga" mining company created in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 1908 The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Emperor Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries
  • 1911 Bill Dobbie of Calgary Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
  • 1913 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal
  • 1914 German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • 1914 Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates
  • 1916 Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Tomáš G. Massaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Woodrow Wilson's veto

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1921 First American gubernatorial recall election is held in North Dakota. Governor Lynn Frazier loses to Ragnvald A. Nestos by just over 4,000 votes (1.8%).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Italian fascists conduct the March on Rome, leading to the assumption of power by Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1922 First US coast-to-coast radio broadcast of a football game
  • 1924 French-Russian trade agreement signed

InventionScientific Discovery

1924 Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Raymond Dart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Josip Broz (Tito) begins 7 months jail sentence in Croatia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1927 KLM-plane "Homing Pigeon" leaves Neth-Indies after 1st regular flight
  • 1928 Indonesian child laws enforced in Bahasa Indonesia
  • 1928 Indian freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai injured leading silent protest against visiting British commission in Lahore (dies of injuries 17th November)
  • 1929 Dow Jones plummets 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64
  • 1935 Sidney Kingsley's "Dead End" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1938 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
  • 1939 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland
  • 1940 Greece successfully resists Italy's attack

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1940 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • 1942 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
  • 1943 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • 1944 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1946 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR
  • 1948 Flag of Israel is adopted
  • 1949 Georges Bidault elected president of France
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Bud Grant of Winnipeg Blue Bombers intercepts 5 passes (record)
  • 1954 N Richard Nash' "Rainmaker" premieres in NYC

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1954 Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded to Ernest Hemingway

  • 1955 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII

BeatificationPapal Inauguration

1958 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli elected Pope, taking name John XXIII

  • 1958 Pete Runnels wins Comeback Player of Year (avg went from .230 to .322)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Jean Genet's "Les Negres" premieres in Paris

Novelist and Playwright Jean Genet
Novelist and Playwright
Jean Genet
  • 1962 Radio Moscow reports nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Battle of InterestCuban Missile Crisis

1962 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President JFK receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement

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Reconnaissance photo of Soviet missiles in Cuba shown to John F. Kennedy on October 16, 1962
Reconnaissance photo of Soviet missiles in Cuba shown to John F. Kennedy on October 16, 1962
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  • 1965 Gateway Arch (630' (190m) high) completed in St Louis, Missouri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Pope Paul VI proclaims Jews not collectively guilty for crucifixion

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
  • 1966 Belgium's Gaston Roelants runs 12-4/5 miles in 1 hour
  • 1970 US/USSR sign an agreement to discuss joint space efforts
  • 1971 United Kingdom becomes the 6th nation to have a satellite in orbit with the launch of Prospero

Britain Joins the European CommunityBritain Joins the European Community

1971 The British Parliament debates the European Communities principle of membership and votes 356 to 244 in favour of joining, requiring a new law to be drafted and a later final vote on joining

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Margaret Thatcher campaigning to stay in Europe during the 1975 referendum
Margaret Thatcher campaigning to stay in Europe during the 1975 referendum
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, designed by architect B. V. Doshi, inaugurated by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1974 Luna 23 launched (landing on Moon)
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 Cleveland Metroparks assume operating responsibilities for Zoo (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1975 Venezuela and foreign oil companies agree on nationalization as of January 1, 1976

Birthdays in History

  • 1017 Henry III, Holy Roman emperor (1046-56) (d. 1056)

Person of interestErasmus

1466 Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (The Praise of Folly), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1536)

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
  • 1510 Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía and Jesuit priest, born in Duchy of Gandía, Kingdom of Valencia, Spain (d. 1572)
  • 1585 Cornelius Jansen, French Roman Catholic reform leader (Jansenism), born in Acquoy, County of Holland, Dutch Republic (d. 1638)
  • 1667 Maria Anna of Neuburg, second wife of Charles II of Spain, born in Benrath Palace, Düsseldorf, Electoral Palatinate (d. 1740)
  • 1691 Peter Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero, born in Trondheim, Denmark-Norway (d. 1720)
  • 1703 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician, born in Portes, Gard, France (d. 1768)
  • 1718 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary and geographer, born in Kottori, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1793)

Person of interestJohn Laurens

1754 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1782)

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1767 Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel, queen consort of Denmark and Norway, born in Hanau, Hesse, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1793 Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer (Remington Arms Co., L.L.C.), born in Suffield, Connecticut (d. 1861)
  • 1795 Leonardus Antonius Lightenvelt, Dutch politician, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1873)
  • 1804 Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1849)
  • 1806 Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, French-Swiss botanist, born in Paris (d. 1893)
  • 1810 Adley H. Gladden, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fairfield District, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • 1834 Dudley M. DuBose, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1883)
  • 1837 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, born in Edo, Japan (d. 1913)
  • 1842 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, American orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)
  • 1842 Charles Boissevain, Dutch editor of Amsterdam Algemeen Handelsblad (1885-1908), born in Amsterdam (d. 1927)
  • 1845 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, born in Grodno, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1846 Auguste Escoffier, French chef and culinary writer, 'king of chefs & chef of kings', born in Villeneuve-Loubet, France (d. 1935)
  • 1855 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Russian botanist (more than 300 new types of fruit), born in Vershino estate, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Adolfo Camarillo, American prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher, born in Ventura, California (d. 1958)
  • 1864 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • 1875 Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American geographer and 1st full-time editor of National Geographic Society (1899-1954), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1876 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • 1879 Channing H. Cox, American politician (49th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1968)
  • 1886 Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet politician, born in Ghoresha, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • 1891 Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (The Great Air Robbery), born in Greenville, Texas (d. 1920)
  • 1892 Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis, Dutch historian of science (biography of Archimedes), born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Night Watch), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1893 Christopher Kelk Ingold, English chemist (Cahn–Ingold–Prelog priority rules), born in London (d. 1970)
  • 1893 Otto Huiswoud, Suriname-born political activist and editor-in-chief (Negro Worker), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1961)
  • 1897 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), born in Metzingen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire (d. 1984)
  • 1901 Eileen Shanahan, Irish poet (The Three Children (Near Clonmel)), born in Dublin (d. 1979)
  • 1903 Evelyn Waugh, English author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop), born in London, England (d. 1966)
  • 1905 Harry Broadhurst, British Royal Air Force commander and flying ace of the Second World War, born in Frimley, Surrey, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 John Hewitt, Northern Irish poet, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1987)
  • 1909 Claude Bourdet, French human rights activist and journalist, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Francis Bacon, Irish-British abstract painter (Study for a Pope), born in Dublin (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (pioneer in research linking smoking to health problems), born in Hampton, Middlesex, England (d. 2005)

Person of interestJonas Salk

1914 Jonas Salk, American medical scientist (created the polio vaccine), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1914 Richard Laurence Millington Synge, British biochemist (Nobel 1952), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Glenn Robert Davis, American politician, born in Vernon, Wisconsin (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Dody Goodman, American comedienne (Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman - "Martha Shumway"; Max Duggan), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1915 Michael Fraser, British Conservative Party political administrator, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Jessie Kesson, Scottish writer and radio producer, born in Inverness (d. 1994)
  • 1922 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwean politician (1st Vice-President of Zimbabwe), born in Gutu district, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Leonard Starr, American comic strip cartoonist (Little Orphan Annie), born in NYC, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1925 Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scottish poet, writer, artist and gardener, born in Nassau, Bahamas (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Ion Mihai Pacepa, Romanian three-star general in the Securitate, born in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1929 Airline Falconer, 1st child born in aircraft, born in the skies above Miami, Florida
  • 1929 John Hollander, American poet and literary critic, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Horst Antes, German painter and sculptor, born in Heppenheim, Germany
  • 1938 Anne Perry [Juliet Marion Hulme], English-born novelist, born in London, England
  • 1944 Anton Schlecker, German billionaire (Schlecker drug store), born in Ehingen, Germany
  • 1946 John Hewson, Australian politician
  • 1948 Valeri Viktorovich Baberdin, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1949 Robert Mellors, gay activist
  • 1949 Surin Pitsuwan, Thai foreign minister and 12th Secretary General of ASEAN (2008-2012), born in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand (d. 2017)
  • 1950 Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
  • 1951 Ron & Don Galyon, American siamese twins (Jerry Springer Show), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1953 Pierre Boivin, Canadian businessman and hockey executive

Person of interestBill Gates

1955 Bill Gates, American businessman and billionaire (founder and CEO of Microsoft, richest person in the world), born in Seattle, Washington

Founder of Microsoft and Computer Scientist Bill Gates
Founder of Microsoft and Computer Scientist
Bill Gates
  • 1955 Indra Nooyi, Indian American businesswoman (CEO of PepsiCo), born in Madras, India

Person of interestMahmoud Ahmadinejad

1956 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran (2005-13), born in Aradan, Iran

Iran President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iran President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • 1960 Landon Curt Noll, Astronomer, Cryptographer and Mathematician: youngest to hold the world record for the largest known prime 3 times
  • 1962 Bobby Tate, fictional character on Soap
  • 1962 Scotty Nguyen, professional poker player
  • 1963 James Miller, the "Fan Man" (d. 2002)
  • 1965 Luigi Miraglia, Italian Latinist
  • 1966 Aris Spiliotopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1967 Sophie, Hereditary Princess of Liechtenstein
  • 1967 John Romero, American video game designer (id Software), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1980 Kanzi, Bonobo, most literate non-human, born at Georgia State University
  • 1985 Richard Smith, American entrepreneur

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1533 Prince Henry of France (later Henry II) (14) marries Florentine noblewoman Catherine de' Medici (14) in Marseille

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
Queen Consort and Regent of France Catherine de' Medici
Queen Consort and Regent of France
Catherine de' Medici

LoveWedding of Interest

1863 Painter Edouard Manet (31) weds Suzanne Leenhoff (34)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet

LoveWedding of Interest

1869 Sarawak's head of state Charles Brooke (40) weds Margaret Alice Lili de Windt (20) at Highworth, Wiltshire

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke

LoveWedding of Interest

2004 Economist Joseph Stiglitz (61) weds professor Anya Schiffrin (41) at the Municipal Building in New York

Economist Joseph Stiglitz
Joseph Stiglitz
  • 2012 Bristol Palin's former fiance Levi Johnston (21) weds Sunny Oglesby (20) at Settlers Bay Lodge in Wasilla, Alaska

Deaths in History

Person of interestMaxentius

312 Maxentius, Roman emperor (306-312), drowns at the Battle of Milvian Bridge at 34

Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor
  • 1138 Boleslaw III Wrymouth [scheefmond], Duke of Poland, dies at 52
  • 1225 Jien, Japanese poet and historian, dies at 70
  • 1312 Elisabeth of Tirol, German queen
  • 1412 Margaret I of Denmark, wife of Haakon VI of Norway (b. 1353)
  • 1468 Bianca Maria Visconti, Duchess of Milan (1450-68), dies at 43
  • 1520 Pier Gerlofs Donia, Frisian pirate and freedom fighter
  • 1568 Ashikaga Yoshihide, Japanese shogun (b. 1539)
  • 1627 Jahangir, 4th Mughal Emperor of India (1605-27), dies at 58
  • 1637 Foppe van Aitzema, diplomat, dies at about 57
  • 1646 William Dobson, English portrait painter, dies at about 35 (b. 1610)
  • 1661 Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • 1676 Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)

Person of interestJohn Wallis

1703 John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer who introduced ∞ as a symbol for infinity, dies at 86

Mathematician and Cryptographer John Wallis
Mathematician and Cryptographer
John Wallis

Person of interestJohn Locke

1704 John Locke, English empiricist philosopher; influential Enlightenment thinker and "Father of Liberalism" (Two Treatises of Government), dies at 72

Philosopher John Locke
John Locke
  • 1708 Prince George of Denmark, Prince Consort of Anne of England, dies at 55
  • 1716 Stephen Fox, English politician, dies at 89
  • 1740 Anna Ivanova Romanova, Empress of Russia (1730-40), dies at 47
  • 1754 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem), dies at 46
  • 1763 Heinrich von Brühl, German statesman, dies at 63
  • 1792 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, died at 82
  • 1792 John Smeaton, British civil engineer, dies at 68
  • 1800 Artemas Ward, American politician and soldier (major general during the American Revolutionary War), dies at 72
  • 1806 Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)

Person of interestAbigail Adams

1818 Abigail Adams, 2nd first lady (1797-1801), dies of typhoid fever at 73

2nd First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams
2nd First Lady of the United States
Abigail Adams
  • 1841 Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (b. 1792)
  • 1852 Gerhard Moritz Roentgen, Dutch industrialist (founder of Fijenoord dockyard), dies at 57
  • 1857 Louis Eugène Cavaignac, French soldier and politician (b. 1802)
  • 1877 Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)
  • 1879 Marie Roch Louis Reybaud, French writer (b. 1799)
  • 1897 Hercules Robinson, British colonial administrator (Ceylon, Fiji, New Zealand, South Africa), dies at 72
  • 1899 C Grant B Allen, Canada, British writer (Woman Who Did), dies
  • 1899 Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-American inventor who invented the linotype machine that revolutionized printing, dies of tuberculosis at 45
  • 1900 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, dies at 76 (b. 1823)
  • 1916 Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau), dies at 77
  • 1916 Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)
  • 1917 Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1831)
  • 1918 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), dies at 72
  • 1918 Edward Bouchet, American Physicist, 1st African American to receive US Ph.D, dies at 66
  • 1922 Hugo Verriest, Flemish writer and poet (Flemish Motion), dies at 81
  • 1929 Hermann Ungar, Moravian writer, dies at 36
  • 1929 Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany, dies at 80
  • 1944 Helen Magill White, American educator and 1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in the U.S., dies at 90
  • 1952 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), dies at 90
  • 1959 Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)
  • 1964 Reginald Horace Blyth, Zen teacher/scholar, dies in Japan at 66
  • 1965 Ben Barka, Moroccan opposition leader, kidnapped & murdered in Paris
  • 1968 Henricus WJM Keuls, lawyer/poet, dies at 85
  • 1973 Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer (b. 1889)
  • 1986 Marga Klompé, Dutch 1st female minister (CRM), dies at 74
  • 1986 John Braine, English novelist (Life at the Top), dies at 64
  • 1987 Andre Masson, French surrealist artist (Labyrinth), dies at 91
  • 1990 Nobutaka Shikanai, Japanese media CEO (Fujisankei Communications Group), dies of liver failure at 78 [1]
  • 1991 Dudley McConnell, American space scientist, headed NASA's Earth Science Division, dies at 55
  • 1991 Lydia Hodson Copeland, America's Jr Miss (1972), dies at 37
  • 1993 Carmino Baelen, Belgian sleder, dies at 22
  • 1993 Doris Duke, heiress (American Tobacco Co), dies at 80
  • 1994 Sjlomo Goren, Polish/Israeli supreme rabbi, dies
  • 1995 Allan Leslie Merson, historian, dies at 79
  • 1995 Katsumasa Sakioka, Japanese-American property tycoon, dies at 96 [1]
  • 1996 Jack Tinker, British drama critic, dies at 58
  • 1996 William Downie Forrest, journalist, dies at 94
  • 1997 Toni Carabillo, writer (Feminist Chronicles), dies of lymphoma at 71

Person of interestTed Hughes

1998 Ted Hughes, Poet and British Poet Laureate (1984-98), dies aged 68

  • 2002 Erling Persson, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Eugene K. Bird, German prison director (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Raymond Hains, French artist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2010 Jonathan Motzfeldt, Greenlander statesman (b. 1938)
  • 2010 Ehud Netzer, Israeli archaeologist (b. 1934)
  • 2010 Liang Congjie, Chinese environmentalist (b. 1932)
  • 2012 Jack Dellal, British property investor/multi-millionaire, dies from natural causes at 83
  • 2013 Ike Skelton, American politician, dies from pneumonia at 81
  • 2013 Tadeusz Mazowiecki, 1st Prime Minister of Poland (1989-90), dies at 86
  • 2014 Galway Kinnell, American author, dies from leukemia at 87