On This Day in History for October 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 148

  • 2333 BC State of Gojoseon (Modern-day Korea) founded by Dangun Wanggeom during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Yao

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

52 BC Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar

BattleBattle of Interest

42 BC First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 1143 Cardinal Guido elected Pope Coelestinus II
  • 1247 Willem II of Holland elected Roman Catholic German emperor
  • 1264 Comet said to predict death of Pope Urban IV is last seen
  • 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered
  • 1430 Jews are expelled from Eger Bohemia
  • 1569 Battle of Montcontour: Duke of Anjou beats Huguenots
  • 1574 The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen and the forces of Admiral Boisot
  • 1605 Chinese uprising on Philippines, Tondo/Quiapo massacre
  • 1657 French troops occupy Mardyke
  • 1683 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1691 English & Dutch army occupies Limerick Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1712 The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • 1735 France & Emperor Karel VI sign peace accord
  • 1739 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Captain James Cook anchors at Alaska

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1789 Washington proclaims 1st national Thanksgiving Day on Nov 26
  • 1835 Staedtler Company was founded by J.S. Staedtler in Nuremburg, Germany.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

  • 1862 -10] Battle of Corinth, Mississippi
  • 1862 Skirmish at Bardstown, Kentucky
  • 1863 Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day
  • 1872 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • 1873 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Explorer Fridtjof Nansen and his team complete first known crossing of Greenland interior, arriving in Godthaab

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • 1890 Capt Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • 1899 J S Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
  • 1900 Edward Elgar/Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham
  • 1904 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1904 Giants Christy Mathewson strikes out then record 16 Cards
  • 1904 Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal & Industrial School
  • 1906 US regime names Charles Magoon, governor of Cuba
  • 1906 William Vaughan Moody's "Great Divide" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 US Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%) by President Woodrow Wilson

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1915 7.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley, Nevada
  • 1918 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • 1918 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • 1918 Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1919 Serbian, Croatian & Slavic parliment accord for 8 hr work day
  • 1922 1st facsimile photo sent over city telephone lines, Washington, D.C.
  • 1922 Rebecca Felton of Georgia becomes 1st woman in Senate
  • 1923 Germany's Stresemann resigns
  • 1924 King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
  • 1926 1st congress of Pan European Movement (Pan-Europese Beweging) opens in Vienna
  • 1928 French submarine "Ondine" sinks returning to Toulon, drowning 42
  • 1929 British Labour government recovers diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1929 Julius Curtius succeeds Stresemann as German foreign minister
  • 1929 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changes name to Yugoslavia

  • 1932 Iraq gains full independence from Britain, joins League of Nations
  • 1933 Gustave "Staf" de Clerq forms Flemish National Covenant
  • 1935 Italy invades Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Ethiopian War
  • 1939 Lemmer-Urk Dike closes
  • 1940 France Vichy government proclaims end to Jewish status
  • 1940 US forms parachute troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "already broken and will never rise again" in a broadcast to the German people

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, are killed by SS
  • 1941 Nazis blow up 6 synagoges in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR forms Office of Economic Stabilization

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Launch of 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km)
  • 1943 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • 1943 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • 1944 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • 1944 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • 1945 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • 1947 1st telescope lens 200" (508 cm) in diameter completed
  • 1948 Columbia University reports discovery of uranium in Belgian Congo
  • 1949 WERD, 1st black-owned radio station, opens in Atlanta
  • 1950 1st black lead (Ethel Waters) on TV (Beulah)
  • 1950 Indonesian army opens assault on Ambon, South Moluccas
  • 1952 1st British nuclear test at Monte Bello Island in Australia
  • 1954 "Father Knows Best" premieres
  • 1955 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres
  • 1955 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes President of Brazil
  • 1955 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1957 German statesman Willy Brandt is elected mayor of West Berlin (1957-1966)

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1960 Janio Quadros elected president of Brazil
  • 1960 San Francisco's White House department store is the 1st to accept BankAmericard
  • 1960 Yanks win 8-7, ending season on a 15 game win streak, & record 193 HRs
  • 1962 Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1963 Hurricane hits Haiti; about 5,000 die & 100,000 injured
  • 1964 Yankees clinch their 5th straight pennant, & 29th in club's history
  • 1966 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva elected president
  • 1967 King Boudouin inaugurates world's biggest floodgate (Antwerp)
  • 1967 William Knight sets X-15 speed rec of 7,297 KPH/4,534 MPH/Mach 6.72
  • 1968 Howard Sacklers "Great White Hope" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 The proposed civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland, is banned from the area of the city centre and the Waterside area; the banning order is issued under the Public Order Act by William Craig, then Home Affairs Minister
  • 1972 Indians set a team record for lowest team batting avg .234
  • 1972 Spaceflight 71-2 launched; 1st flexible substrate photovoltaic flown
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1973 Willi Stoph succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Ted Bundy victim Nancy Wilcox disappears in Salt Lake City, Utah

Serial Killer Ted Bundy
Serial Killer
Ted Bundy
  • 1974 Watergate crinimal trial begins
  • 1975 Ireland AKZO director Tiede Herrema kidnap
  • 1976 Helmuth Kohl's CDU wins German parliament election

Birthdays in History

  • 1573 Entonius Walaeus, Dutch calvinist theologist
  • 1605 Li Tzu-ch'eng, Chinese revolutionary, dethroned last Ming emperor
  • 1647 Johannes Voet, Dutch lawyer
  • 1716 Giovanni Battista Beccaria, Italian physicist (d. 1781)
  • 1720 Johann P Uz, German poet (Lyrische Poem)
  • 1728 Charles G Chevalier d'Eon de Beaumont, French spy/transvestite
  • 1761 Dirk earl van Hogendorp, general/Dutch minister of War [OS]
  • 1789 Francis Hoyt Gregory, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1866)
  • 1790 John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee Nation (d. 1866)
  • 1792 Francisco Morazán, Central American statesman
  • 1797 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1870)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1800 George Bancroft, American historian (History of the United States), born in Worcester Massachusetts (d. 1891)

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft
  • 1803 John Gorrie, inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration)
  • 1804 Townsend Harris, 1st Western consul to reside in Japan
  • 1804 Allan Kardec, French founder of Spiritism (d. 1869)
  • 1806 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (d. 1850)
  • 1814 Mikhail Yurevich Lermontov, Russian poet/writer (Demon & other poems)
  • 1830 George Brayton, US engineer who developed the Brayton Cycle combustion engine, born on Rhode Island (d. 1892)
  • 1844 Patrick Manson, "Father of tropical medicine"
  • 1848 Henry Lerolle, French painter (d. 1929)
  • 1854 William Crawford Gorgas, American Surgeon-Gen, help cure yellow fever
  • 1860 Annie EF Horniman, England, theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin)
  • 1863 Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov, Russian explorer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 Johannes IJWJ Eilerts de Haan, Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname)
  • 1867 Pierre Bonnard, French painter/illustrator
  • 1869 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), born in Port Deposit, Maryland (d. 1936)
  • 1871 Stijn Streuvels, [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Valschaard)
  • 1882 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, born in Posen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1882 A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (d. 1974)
  • 1885 Langley Collyer, hoarder (d. 1947)
  • 1885 Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1886 Henri Alain-Fournier, French novelist (Great Adventure)
  • 1889 Carl von Ossietzky, German journalist and pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize1935), born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1894 Elmer Robinson, American politician (d. 1982)
  • 1894 Walter Warlimont, German General WWII (d. 1976)
  • 1895 Kurt Schumacher, co-founder/president West German SDP [OS]
  • 1896 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (d. 1987)
  • 1897 Josephine "Mama Jo" Riley Matthews, midwife (SC)
  • 1897 Louis Aragon, French poet and writer (Les Lettres françaises, Pour un réalisme socialiste), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d.1970)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d.1938)

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Thomas Wolfe
  • 1902 Arturo da Costa e Silva, marshal/President of Brazil (1967-69)
  • 1904 Charles Pedersen, UK, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1916 Angeles Alvarino Deleira, biologist/oceanographer/writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], English veterinarian and novelist (All Creatures Great and Small), born in Sunderland, County Durham (d. 1995)

Novelist James Herriot
James Herriot
  • 1919 Boyd Bradfield Upchurch, [John Boyd], American sci-fi author (IQ Merchant)
  • 1919 James M. Buchanan, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (d. 2004)
  • 1924 Harvey Kurtzman, U.S. cartoonist and founding editor of Mad magazine (d. 1993)
  • 1925 Gore Vidal, author (Myra Breckinridge, Lincoln), born in West Point, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1925 W Howard Baker, English publisher
  • 1927 Kenojuak Asheva, Ikirasaq, Canadian Inuit artist, (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Shridath Surendranath "Sonny" Ramphal, Guyanese sec-gen (1975- )
  • 1929 Bert Stern, American photographer
  • 1935 Charles "Charlie" Duke Jr, American Brigadier General and astronaut (Apol 16), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1938 David R Obey, (Rep-D-Wisconsin, 1969- )
  • 1938 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, Peruvian economist and 66th President of Peru (2016-present), born in Lima, Peru
  • 1943 Jeff Bingaman, (Sen-D-New Mexico, 1983- )
  • 1944 Roy Horn, German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy)
  • 1944 Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician
  • 1944 Bob Riley, American politician, governor of Alabama
  • 1945 Kay Baxter, Woodsfield Ohio, Best Bodybuilder in World (1983-85)
  • 1947 7th earl of Bradford, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1947 Fred DeLuca, American co-founder of the Subway chain, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1949 Yekaterina Aleksandrowna Ivanova, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-15A)
  • 1951 Kathryn Sullivan, Paterson NJ, geologist and astronaut (1st American woman to walk in space), born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • 1951 Bernard Cooper, American writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 Al Sharpton [Alfred Charles], American minister and civil rights activist (Keepin' It Real), born in Brooklyn, New York

Minister and Civil Rights Activist Al Sharpton
Minister and Civil Rights Activist
Al Sharpton
  • 1957 Tim Westwood, Pimp My Ride UK presenter and DJ
  • 1959 Carmen Russo, Miss Teenage Italy (1972), born in Genoa, Italy
  • 1960 Cinzia De Ponti, [Fiordeponti], Pescara Italy (Miss Italy 1979)
  • 1963 Marion Peck, American artist and painter
  • 1967 Rob Liefeld, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1967 Walter Polovchak, Ukrainian-American asylum seeker, born in Ukraine

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1965 Paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould (23) weds artist Deborah Lee

Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist Stephen Jay Gould
Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist
Stephen Jay Gould

HeartWedding of Interest

1970 75th Prime Minister of UK John Major (27) weds Norma Johnson (28) at St Matthew's Church, Brixton

British Prime Minister John Major
British Prime Minister
John Major
  • 1992 LeVar Burton weds Stephanie Cozart

HeartWedding of Interest

1992 Future US President Barack Obama (31) weds fellow lawyer Michelle Robinson (28) in Chicago, Illinois

US First Lady Michelle Obama
US First Lady
Michelle Obama
44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 1993 Evangelist Tammy Faye Bakker (52) weds Roe Messner (58)

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

42 BC Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman senator and conspirator against Julius Caesar, dies during the Battle of Philippi

Roman Senator Gaius Cassius
Roman Senator
Gaius Cassius
  • 695 "Black Ewald", helper of Willibrord, murdered
  • 695 "White Ewald", helper of Willibrord, murdered

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1226 Saint Francis of Assisi, Italian founder of the Franciscan Order, dies at 44 or 45

Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffyd, last monarch of Gwynnedd (North-Wales), dies
  • 1369 Margarete Maultasch, Countess of Tyrol (b. 1318)
  • 1564 Christophorus Fabritius, [Christoffel Smit], calvinist vicar, burned
  • 1568 Elisabeth van Valois, French queen of Spain, dies at 23
  • 1596 Florent Chrestien, French writer (b. 1541)
  • 1611 Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (b. 1554)
  • 1629 Giorgi Saakadze, Georgian military leader (b. 1570)
  • 1649 Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman (b. 1576)
  • 1653 Mark Zuesius Boxhorn, Dutch historian, dies at 41

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1656 Myles Standish, Plymouth Colony leader, dies of strangury at 72

Military Leader of Plymouth Colony Myles Standish
Military Leader of Plymouth Colony
Myles Standish
  • 1690 Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1648)
  • 1701 Joseph Williamson, English politician (b. 1633)
  • 1703 Pieter van Wooden, Amersfoorts rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1703 Richard Saab, Amersfoorts rebel leader, beheaded
  • 1704 Jean-Baptiste Denys, French physician who performed the 1st human blood transfusion, a xenotransfusion, dies at about 61
  • 1795 Tula, leader Curacaose slave uprising, executed
  • 1801 Philippe Henri, marquis de Ségur, Marshal of France (b. 1724)
  • 1826 Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist (Labyrinth), dies
  • 1838 Black Hawk (chief), Leader of the Sauk Native American tribe (b. 1767)
  • 1862 Pleasant Adam Hackleman, Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 47
  • 1867 Elias Howe, American sewing machine pioneer (b. 1819)
  • 1873 Kintpuash, [Captain Jack], fought Modoc indians, Oregon, dies
  • 1877 James Roosevelt Bayley, first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 63
  • 1881 Orson Pratt, American religious leader (b. 1811)
  • 1884 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Geur), dies at 44
  • 1890 Joseph Hergenröther, German historian (b. 1824)
  • 1891 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (b. 1842)
  • 1896 William Morris, artist and writer associated with Arts and Crafts movement, dies at 62 London
  • 1929 Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (Nobel 1926), dies at 51
  • 1930 Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken, painter/etcher/author (Bauer), dies at 73
  • 1952 Alfred Neumann, German writer, dies at 56
  • 1953 Florence Sabin, American Scientist who was the first woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins and the first lifetime woman member of the National Academy of Sciences, dies at 82
  • 1967 Pinto Colvig, animation voice (Goofy, Pluto), dies at 75
  • 1971 Leah Baird, writer (Jungle Bride), dies of anemia at 88
  • 1975 Bauke Tuinstra, Fries notary/writer (Ealse & I), dies at 75
  • 1975 Guy Mollet, Prime Minister of France (1956-57), dies at 69
  • 1979 Charles White, artist, dies at 61 in Los Angeles
  • 1981 Walter Mehring, writer, dies at 85
  • 1983 Kurt Kusenberg, writer, dies at 79
  • 1987 Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (Ball of the Voleurs), dies at 77 (b. 1910)
  • 1988 Franz Josef Strauss, German politician, Minister of Defense (1956-62), dies at 73
  • 1988 Generoso Pope Jr, National Enquirer owner, dies at 61
  • 1989 Joseph Wybran, Belgian physician/Jews foreman, murdered
  • 1990 Stefano Casiraghi, Princess Caroline of Monaco husband, dies at 30
  • 1991 Max Cantor, journalist, dies
  • 1993 Johan Scheps, Dutch politician (Social Democratic), dies at 93
  • 1993 Sgt. First Class Randy Shughart, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1958)
  • 1993 Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1960)
  • 1996 Denis Frank Owen, Natural historian, dies at 65
  • 1996 Eustace Wenworth Roskill, law lord, dies at 85
  • 1996 Thomas ap Rees, British botanist, dies in a cycling accident at 65
  • 1996 Tony Parker, oral historian, dies at 73
  • 1997 Alfred Leslie Rowse, historian, dies at 93
  • 1999 Akio Morita, Japanese businessman (b. 1921)
  • 2000 John Grant, British politician (b. 1932)
  • 2002 Robert Krausz, Stock market advisor and investor (b. 1936)
  • 2003 William Steig, American cartoonist and children's author (Shrek!, Doctor De Soto), dies at 95
  • 2006 Alberto Ramento, Filipina bishop (b. 1937)
  • 2006 John Crank, British mathematician (b. 1913)
  • 2006 Peter Norman, Australian track star (b. 1942)
  • 2007 M.N. Vijayan, Indian writer, orator, and academic
  • 2008 Karam ud Din, Pakistani Navy officer (b. 1941)
  • 2009 Queen Fatima, former Libyan queen (b. 1918)
  • 2010 Abraham Sarmiento, Sr., Filipino Supreme Court jurist (1987-91), dies at 88
  • 2015 Denis Healey, English politician (Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer), dies at 98

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2017 Jalal Talabani, Iraqi-Kurdish politician and President of Iraq (2005-2014), dies at 83

6th President of Iraq Jalal Talabani
6th President of Iraq
Jalal Talabani
  • 2017 Michel Jouvet, French neuroscientist and medical researcher who discovered the region of the brain that controls rapid eye movement (REM sleep), dies at 91
  • 2017 Isabella Karle, American scientist who was instrumental in developing techniques to extract plutonium chloride, dies from a brain tumor at 95