On This Day

On This Day in History for October 30

Events in History

  • 637 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge
  • 701 John VI of Greece begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 942 Alberic nominates Pope Marinus II (Martinus III)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1077 Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV gives the district of Stavoren to the bishop of Utrecht (Conrad, his former tutor)

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
  • 1270 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
  • 1340 Battle of Rio Salado (or Tarifa): King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeat Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada, last Marīnids invasion of Iberian Peninsula
  • 1389 French King Charles VI visits pope Clemens VII
  • 1468 Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, occupies & plunders Liege
  • 1470 Wars of the Roses: Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle
  • 1485 Henry VII of England crowned at Westminster Abbey
  • 1489 Peace of Tours, between emperor Maximilian I & Flemings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1502 Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut, India for the second time.

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
  • 1503 Queen Isabella of Spain bans violence against Indians in the Americas
  • 1611 Gustaaf II Adolf (17) becomes king of Sweden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1629 King Charles I gives Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1697 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year War
  • 1739 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkins' Ear [NS=Oct 19]
  • 1766 St. Paul's Chapel in New York is consecrated
  • 1768 First Methodist church in North American colonies initiated (Wesley Chapel, NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1772 Captain James Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown

Explorer James Cook
James Cook

A Salute to the Military Genius, Napoleon BonaparteA Salute to the Military Genius, Napoleon Bonaparte

1784 Napoléon Bonaparte admitted to the elite École Militaire in Paris, the start of his military career

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Death and despair as Napoléon and his Grand Army retreat from Russia. Artist: Adolf Northen
Death and despair as Napoléon and his Grand Army retreat from Russia. Artist: Adolf Northen
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  • 1851 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • 1864 Helena, Montana's capital, founded
  • 1864 Treaty of Vienna signed to end the Second Schleswig War - Denmark loses control of Schleswig to Prussia, and of Holstein to Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 Jesse James' gang robs bank in Lexington, Missouri ($2000)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1868 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 P. T. Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City)

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
  • 1883 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1886 Great Britain and Germany agree boundaries in East Africa
  • 1888 John J Loud patents ballpoint pen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1893 US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • 1894 Daniel Cooper patents time clock
  • 1894 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread).
  • 1899 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1901 Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lieutenant-Colonel Benson's British unit vs Boers
  • 1903 In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

  • 1911 Clark Griffith is named manager of Washington Senators
  • 1914 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers' during WWI begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1918 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1918 WWI: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • 1920 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Benito Mussolini forms government in Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1925 KUT-AM in Austin TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Germany
  • 1930 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1939 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Adolf Hitler deports Jews

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard
  • 1942 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • 1943 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukrainian Front

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • 1944 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • 1944 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • 1944 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • 1945 US government announces end of shoe rationing
  • 1947 23 countries sign GATT agreement in Geneva
  • 1948 20 die & 6,000 made ill by smog in Donora, Pennsylvania
  • 1948 Operation Hiram: Israelis take control of Galilee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Pope Pius XII witnesses "The Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Clarence Birdseye sells first frozen peas

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1953 Dr Albert Schweitzer & Gen George Marshall win Nobel Peace Prize

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1954 US Defense Department announces elimination of all racially segregated regiments
  • 1955 Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 v NZ, the record for a no 8 batsman
  • 1955 Businessman and horse breeder William Woodward, Jr. is shot dead by his wife Ann Cromwell after she mistook him for an intruder
  • 1956 Israel captures Egyptian military post at El-Thamad
  • 1960 Guatemala's "La Hora" reports plan for invasion on Cuba
  • 1960 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
  • 1961 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square as part of de-Stalinization efforts

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1963 Morocco & Algeria sign cease fire
  • 1964 Tran Van Huong appointed premier of South Vietnam
  • 1965 Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia
  • 1967 USSR Kosmos 186 & 188 make 1st automatic docking & Venmera 13 launch
  • 1968 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
  • 1968 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)
  • 1968 Queen Juliana opens IJ tunnel in Amsterdam

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1968 Jack Lynch, Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach), meets with Harold Wilson, then British Prime Minister, in London, calling for the ending of partition as a means to resolve the unrest in Northern Ireland

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
Taoiseach Jack Lynch
Jack Lynch
  • 1970 There are serious riots in the Catholic Ardoyne area of Belfast which last for three nights

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1970 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British Home Secretary Reginald Maulling to discuss matters related to reforms and security

Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
James Chichester-Clark
  • 1972 Worst US rail accident in 14 years; 45 die in Chicago, llinois
  • 1972 The Northern Ireland Office issues a discussion document 'The Future of Northern Ireland'; the paper states Britain's commitment to the union as long as the majority of people wish to remain part of the United Kingdom
  • 1972 Loyalist paramilitaries carry out a raid on Royal Ulster Constabulary station in County Derry, and steal 4 British Army Sterling sub-machine Guns

TurkeyOpening of the Bosphorus Bridge

1973 The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time

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The Bosphorus Bridge, Istanbul that connects the continents of Europe and Asia
The Bosphorus Bridge, Istanbul that connects the continents of Europe and Asia
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  • 1974 Catfish Hunter is named AL Cy Young Award
  • 1975 King Juan Carlos assumes power in Spain
  • 1975 NY Daily News runs headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead"
  • 1976 Jane Pauley becomes news co-anchor of Today Show
  • 1976 Rev Joseph Evans elected president of United Church of Christ
  • 1977 Panama 747SP lands after polar flight around Earth in record 54:07
  • 1978 Laura Nickel & Curt Noll find 25th Mersenne prime, 2 ^ 21701-1

Birthdays in History

  • 1218 Emperor Chūkyō, 85th emperor of Japan (d. 1234)
  • 1391 Edward [Dom Duarte], King of Portugal (1433-38), born in Viseu, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1438)

Person of interestChristopher Columbus

1451 Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer and navigator who discovered the "New World" for Spain and initiated European colonization, born in the Republic of Genoa on or just before this date (d. 1506)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1513 Jacques Amyot, French humanist, translator and Abbot of Bellozanne, born in Melun (d. 1593)
  • 1576 Enrico Caterino Davila, Italian writer (Storia delguerre civili Francia), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1631)
  • 1624 Paul Pellisson, French writer, born in Béziers, France (d. 1693)
  • 1668 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, 1st Queen consort of Prussia (1701-05), born in Iburg Castle, Osnabrück, Hanover (d. 1705)
  • 1712 Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, German painter, born in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1774)

Person of interestJohn Adams

1735 John Adams, 2nd US President (1797-1801), born in Braintree, Massachusetts (d. 1826)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1739 Grigory Potemkin, Russian military leader, statesman and favorite of Catherine the Great, born in Chizhovo near Smolensk (d. 1791)
  • 1741 Angelica Kauffmann, Swiss Neoclassical painter, born in Chur, League of God's House (now Switzerland) (d. 1807)
  • 1751 Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright (The Rivals, The School for Scandal) and Whig MP, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1816)
  • 1762 André Chénier, French poet killed during French Revolution, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1794)
  • 1786 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer, born in Quebec City, Quebec (d. 1871)
  • 1790 Rinse Posthumus, Frisian writer and poet, born in Ternaard, Friesland (d. 1859)
  • 1799 Ignace Bourget, French-Canadian Bishop of Montreal, born in Lévis, Province of Lower Canada, British Empire (d. 1885)
  • 1807 James Samuel Wadsworth, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1817 Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Jahresbericht of Chemistry), born in Hanau, Hesse-Kassel, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1829 Roscoe Conkling, American politician (U.S. Senator from New York 1867-81), born in Albany, New York (d. 1888)
  • 1830 John S. Bowen, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Bowen's Creek, Georgia (d. 1863)
  • 1839 Alfred Sisley, French impressionist painter, born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • 1840 William Graham Sumner, American sociologist (Folkways), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • 1843 Henri Regnault, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1871)
  • 1848 Zinovy Rozhestvensky, Russian vice-admiral (d. 1909)
  • 1849 Johan Willem, son of Dutch princess Marianne & coachman
  • 1857 John H Aberson, 1st chancellor (Dutch Agricultural University)
  • 1857 Georges Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist and namesake of Tourette's syndrome, born in Saint-Gervais-les-Trois-Clochers, France (d. 1904)
  • 1861 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor, born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne, France (d. 1929)
  • 1873 Francisco I. Madero, Mexican revolutionary and 33rd President of Mexico (1911-13), born in Parras de la Fuente, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 1913)
  • 1881 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), born in Glonn, Bavaria (d. 1920)
  • 1881 Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (The Time of Man), born in Perryville, Kentucky (d. 1941)
  • 1882 William Halsey Jr., US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1959)

Person of interestEzra Pound

1885 Ezra Loomis Pound, American poet (Cantos), born in Hailey, Idaho (d. 1972)

  • 1886 Zoe Akins, American playwright (Pulitzer Prize for Drama 1935), born in Humansville, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • 1887 Georg Heym, German writer, born in Hirschberg, Lower Silesia (d. 1912)
  • 1893 Charles Atlas [Angelo Siciliano], Italian-American bodybuilder, born in Acri, Cosenza, Italy (d. 1972)
  • 1893 Jan Romein, Dutch historian (Low Countries at Sea), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1893 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case) and politician, born in Celle, Lower Saxony, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1894 Jean Rostand, French biologist and philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1977)
  • 1895 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist (Nobel Prize 1939 in Physiology or Medicine - first commercially available antibiotic and marketed under the brand name Prontosil), born in Lagow, Brandenburg (d. 1964)
  • 1895 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician (Nobel 1956 - development of cardiac catheterization and the characterisation of a number of cardiac diseases), born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • 1896 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet, born in Tripoli, Greece (d. 1928)
  • 1899 Ernst Herman van Rappard, Dutch SS officer and founder (NSNAP), born in Banyumas Regency, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1953)
  • 1900 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), born in Helsinge, Finland (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Paul D. Stoop, American vice-admiral (WW II-Coral Sea), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Alexander Gode, German-American linguist, born in Bremen, Imperial Germany (d. 1970)
  • 1907 Albert Rice Leventhal, American publisher (Little Golden Books), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1907 Sol Tax, American anthropologist (founded the journal Current Anthropology), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Homi J. Bhabha, Indian nuclear physicist, born in Bombay, British India (d. 1966)
  • 1910 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), born in Orihuela, Spain (d. 1942)
  • 1914 Marion Ladewig, American ten-pin bowler (9 time woman bowler of year 1950-63), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 2010)
  • 1915 Fred W. Friendly, American journalist and broadcast executive, born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1917 Nikolai Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal, born in Molokovo, Tver, Russian Republic (d. 1994)
  • 1920 Christy Ring, Irish hurler (Cork 65 games, scoring tally [33-208], 8 x All-Ireland medals), born in Cloyne, Ireland (d. 1979)
  • 1925 Gus Savage, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1981- 93), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Ernest Flatt, American choreographer (The Carol Burnett Show), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Michael Andrews, British painter, born in Norwich, England (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist (Nobel 1978 - discovery of restriction enzymes and their application in restriction mapping), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1999)
  • 1931 David Wilson, British archaeologist and director of British Museum (1977-92), born in Dacre Banks, England
  • 1932 Barun De, Indian historian, born in Calcutta, India (d. 2013)
  • 1935 Ágota Kristóf, Hungarian writer (The Notebook), born in Csikvánd, Hungary (d. 2011)
  • 1935 Robert Caro, American journalist and biographer (Lyndon B. Johnson), born in NYC, New York
  • 1937 Pat Williams, American politician (Rep-D-Montana, 1979-93), born in Helena, Montana
  • 1939 Leland H. Hartwell, American scientist (Nobel 2001 - discoveries of protein molecules that control the division (duplication) of cells), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1939 Emily Howell Warner, American pilot, 1st woman to captain a commercial American airline plane, born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2020)
  • 1944 Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Glenn Poshard, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois), born in Herald, Illinois
  • 1946 Robert L. "Hoot" Gibson, American aviator, aeronautical engineer and astronaut (STS 41B,61C,27,47,71), born in Cooperstown, New York
  • 1950 John Doolittle, American politician (Rep-R-California), born in Glendale, California
  • 1951 Frank Pallone, American politician (Rep-D-New Jersey), born in Long Branch, New Jersey
  • 1953 Alexander Fedorovich Poleshchuk, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-16), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1953 Peter Hoekstra, Dutch-American (Rep-R-Michigan), born in Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1953 Desmond Fitzgerald, Irish medical doctor and President of the University of Limerick, born in Dublin
  • 1954 Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1956 Tim Roemer, American politician (Rep-D-Indiana), born in South Bend, Indiana
  • 1957 Aleksandr Lazutkin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-25), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1964 Sandra Magnus, American engineer and NASA astronaut (STS-119 Discovery), born in Belleville, Illinois
  • 1964 Howard Lederer, American poker player, born in Concord, New Hampshire
  • 1977 Charmian Faulkner, Australian crime victim (went missing with her mother from St Kilda, Victoria, Australia, in 1980), born in Colac, Victoria, Australia

Person of interestIvanka Trump

1981 Ivanka Trump, American businesswoman and daughter of Donald Trump, born in New York

Businesswoman and Adviser to Donald Trump Ivanka Trump
Businesswoman and Adviser to Donald Trump
Ivanka Trump

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1613 Astronomer Johannes Kepler marries his second wife Susanna Reuttinger

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler

Deaths in History

  • 1459 Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist, who rediscovered lost classical texts, dies at 79
  • 1553 Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (b. 1489)
  • 1583 Pirro Ligorio, Italian architect/painter/archaeologist, dies at 83
  • 1602 Jean-Jacques Boissard, French poet (b. 1528)
  • 1611 Charles IX [Carl], King of Sweden (1604-11), dies at 61
  • 1626 Willebrord Snellius (also Snell and Snel van Royen), Dutch astronomer/mathematician, dies at about 46
  • 1632 Henri de Montmorency, French duke/plotter, beheaded
  • 1654 Emperor Go-Kōmyō, 110th emperor of Japan, dies at 21
  • 1661 Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter known for his still lifes of fish and game pieces, dies at 74
  • 1676 Ahmed Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (siege of Candia, Kreta), dies
  • 1680 Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (b. 1616)
  • 1685 Michel le Tellier, French statesman (b. 1603)
  • 1690 Hieronymus van Beverningk, Dutch general, dies at 76
  • 1757 Osman III, sultan of Turkey (1754-57), dies
  • 1785 Gustaf P Creutz, Swedish diplomat/poet (Daphne), dies at 54
  • 1787 Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist (Della Moneta), dies at 58

Person of interestWilliam Cavendish-Bentinck

1809 William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), dies after an operation to remove a kidney stone at 71

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
  • 1816 Frederick I of Württemberg (b. 1754)
  • 1823 Edmund Cartwright, English inventor (power loom), dies at 80
  • 1833 Pieter G Witsen Geysbeek, historian/literary, dies at 58
  • 1842 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author, dies at 57
  • 1862 Ormsby McKnight Mitchel, American astronomer and Union Major General, dies at 53
  • 1867 John Albion Andrew, American politician (25th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 49

Person of interestJohn Abbott

1893 John Abbott, 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (C) (1891-92), dies of brain cancer at 72

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • 1894 Honoré Mercier, Canadian politician and 9th Premier of Quebec (1887-91), dies at 54
  • 1898 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky Russian poet (Stichotvorenija), dies at 78
  • 1899 William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist, dies at 83
  • 1901 ... Opperman, South African Boer general (Spy), killed in battle
  • 1901 U Benson, British lt-col (Magers' fountain), killed in battle
  • 1910 Henri Dunant, Swiss humanitarian, Founder of Red Cross (Nobel 1901), dies at 82
  • 1912 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), dies at 57
  • 1914 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), dies fighting in WWI at 31
6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper
  • 1919 Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (Poems of Passion), dies at 68

Person of interestBonar Law

1923 Andrew Bonar Law, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), dies of throat cancer at 64

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law
  • 1932 Paul S Methuen, English baron/fieldmarshal/gov of Natal, dies at 87
  • 1936 Lorado Taft, American sculptor (Black Hawk), dies at 76

Person of interestPío Baroja

1956 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), dies at 83

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja
  • 1958 Rose Macaulay, English writer (The Towers of Trebizond), dies at 77
  • 1959 Blonde Dolly [Sybille A J Niemans], Dutch prostitute, murdered at 33
  • 1961 Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president Italy, dies
  • 1966 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (Leonís), dies at 60
  • 1968 Conrad Richter, American writer (Light in the Forest), dies at 78
  • 1972 Philip H. Frohman, American architect (Washington National Cathedral), dies at 84
  • 1975 Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1979 Barnes Wallis, English scientist, engineer and inventor (bouncing bomb), dies at 92
  • 1979 Donna Rachele Mussolini, wife of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, dies at 89
  • 1990 Craig Russell, Canadian female impersonator, dies of an AIDS-stroke at 42
  • 1991 Johan Mekkink, painter, dies
  • 1991 Ken Hardin, producer, dies at 62
  • 1992 Joan Mitchell, American painter and printmaker dies of cancer aged 67
  • 1993 Hernan Heleno Castro, El Salvadorian guerilla leader, murdered
  • 1993 Paul Grégoire, French Canadian Archbishop of Montreal, dies at 82
  • 1994 Nyanaponika [Siegmund Feniger], German scholar/author, dies at 93
  • 1995 Terry Southern, writer, dies at 71
  • 1996 Alexander d'Arbeloff, entrepreneur, dies at 101
  • 1996 Leon Lewis, US radio talk show host (WMCA, 1970-80), dies at 81
  • 1996 Rohan Butler, historian, dies at 79
  • 2002 William Mitchell, British physicist, dies at 77
  • 2005 Shamsher Singh Sheri, Indian communist leader (b. 1942)
  • 2006 Junji Kinoshita, Japanese playwright (b. 1914)
  • 2006 Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist (symbolic anthropology), dies at 80
  • 2007 Washoe, chimpanzee trained in American Sign Language (b. 1965)
  • 2008 Pedro Pompilio Argentinian businessman (b. 1950)
  • 2009 Claude Lévi-Strauss, French social anthropologist and ethnologist (structuralism), dies at 100
  • 2010 Harry Mulisch, Dutch writer (b. 1927)
  • 2018 Hardy Fox, American member of avant-garde band The Residents, dies at 73
  • 2018 Jin Young [Louis Cha Leung-yung], Chinese Wuxia novelist, dies at 94