On This Day

On This Day in History for October 5

Events in History

  • 610 Heraclius' fleet takes Constantinople
  • 816 Pope Stephen IV crowns Louis the Pious Emperor at Reims cathedral
  • 869 4th Council of Constantinople (8th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1143 King Alfonso VII of Leon recognises Portugal as a Kingdom

Historic PublicationLetter from Kublai Khan to the Japanese Emperor

1274 Around 1,000 soldiers of the Mongol army land on the Japanese island of Tsushima, the first attack of Kublai Khan's Mongol invasion of Japan

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A 1266 letter from Kublai Khan to the Japanese emperor threatening use of force
A 1266 letter from Kublai Khan to the Japanese emperor threatening use of force
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  • 1349 Paris theologian Jean de Fayt warns against the Flagellants at Avignon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1430 Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy visits Brussels

Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good
Duke of Burgundy
Philip the Good
  • 1450 Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1465 French King Louis XI signs peace with Charles the Stout

King of France Louis XI
King of France
Louis XI
  • 1511 Eedgenootschap signs anti-French Saint League
  • 1550 Foundation of the city of Concepción, Chile.

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1568 Conference of York begins: trial against Mary, Queen of Scots

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots
  • 1568 William of Orange's army occupies Brabant
  • 1572 Spanish army under Alva's son Don Frederik plunders Mechelen
  • 1632 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Groningen
  • 1665 The University of Kiel is founded.
  • 1693 Haarlem people's revolution due to food shortages
  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Teatro Comico" premieres in Venice

FranceWomen's March on Versailles

1789 French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris

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Women of Paris marching to Versailles, one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution
Women of Paris marching to Versailles, one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1796 Spain declares war on England
  • 1813 Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
  • 1830 King Willem I mobilizes Dutch army
  • 1857 The City of Anaheim is founded
  • 1857 Mormon pioneer Captain Lot Smith and members of the Utah militia destroy US army supply wagon train in Wyoming during Utah War
  • 1862 Battle of Hatchie Bridge, Tennessee; confederate forces avoid capture by Union army
  • 1862 Federal fleet occupies Galveston, Texas
  • 1863 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • 1864 Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing South
  • 1864 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • 1867 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • 1869 A strong hurricane known as the Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Maritime Canada. Incredibly British naval officer Stephen Martin Saxby predicted the storm 10 months earlier in December 1868 via astronomy.
  • 1869 Man-made tunnel under St. Anthony Falls, Minnesota collapses, threatening the Minneapolis riverfront
  • 1875 Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • 1877 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • 1892 Dalton Gang ends in shoot-out in Coffeville, Kansas bank holdup
  • 1896 William Gillette's dramatic play "Secret Service" premieres in NYC
  • 1897 Swedish explorer Solomon August Andrée expedition to the North Pole reaches White Island
  • 1903 Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Orville and Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3"

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright
  • 1908 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • 1910 Portugal overthrows monarchy, proclaims republic
  • 1911 Italian troops occupy Tripoli
  • 1914 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill
  • 1915 Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
  • 1915 Allies land troops at the northern Greek city of Salonika; Greece is nominally neutral but allows the landing

Battle of InterestBattle of the Somme

1916 Adolf Hitler is wounded in the left thigh by an exploding shell during the Battle of the Somme

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A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
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  • 1919 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • 1921 Present constitution of Liechtenstein comes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Edwin Hubble
  • 1924 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • 1925 WSM-AM in Nashville Tenn begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 The Lacarno Conference meets: Germany agrees to recognise their frontiers with France and Belgium and will apply for membership in the League of Nations
  • 1930 British airship crashes in storm at Beauvais, France, 48 die
  • 1930 Homecoming of the bodies of Swedish polar balloon expedition (1897) led by Salomon August Andrée
  • 1931 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Wash (Herndon & Pangborn)
  • 1931 Paul Green's "House of Connelly" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • 1937 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • 1942 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Budy Massacre at Auschwitz sub-camp, 90 French-Jewish women beaten to death by prison guards

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1943 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • 1944 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • 1944 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • 1945 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • 1945 Indonesian army forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1946 Newcastle United equals English Football League record for biggest winning margin in a 13-0 thrashing of Newport in a Division 2 match at St. James' Park; Len Shackleton scores 6, Charlie Wayman 4 for the Toon
  • 1952 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Earl Warren sworn in as 14th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1953 The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held.
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel forms in the Caribbean, killing 400-1000 people in the Bahamas and Haiti
  • 1957 Yugoslav dissident Milovan Djilos sentenced to 7 years
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 British Labour party demands unilateral nuclear disarmament
  • 1960 Eastern AL Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor (61 die)
  • 1961 China & Nepal sign treaty
  • 1963 Hyde St Pier re-opens as State Historical Park
  • 1964 San Francisco Fire Department Museum dedicated
  • 1965 Chuck Linster performs 6,006 consecutive push-ups
  • 1965 Dick McInnes from Henderson, Kentucky stays aloft almost 12 hours in a kite pulled by a speedboat along the Ohio River

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Nigerian government presents a copy of Ben Enwonwu's sculpture "The Awakening" to the United Nations

Artist Ben Enwonwu
Ben Enwonwu
  • 1968 Civil rights march in Derry stopped by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)and resulting clashes lead to two days of serious rioting, often considered the start of 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 John Creach joins Jefferson Airplane
  • 1970 Quebec separatists kidnap British trade commissioner James Cross
  • 1971 A new sitting of the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont begins, though the Social Democratic and Labour Party remain absent due to its continuing protest against Internment
  • 1972 Herbert Mullin 1st kills, claiming it was to prevent earthquakes
  • 1973 Signature of the European Patent Convention.
  • 1974 Guildford pub bombing by the IRA leaves 5 dead and 65 injured.
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer wins the Nobel Prize for literature
  • 1978 Sweden's Fälldin government falls
  • 1978 Over 30 major nations ratify the Environmental Modification Convention which prohibits weather warfare that has widespread, long-lasting or severe effects
  • 1978 "The Boys from Brazil" debuts
  • 1980 Formal opening of meditation hall of Zenshin Temple in Riverdale, the Bronx NYC
  • 1981 Dutch guilder/Deutsche mark revalued up 5.5%
  • 1981 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg becomes an honorary American (posthumously)
  • 1982 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1982 Hernan Siles Zuazo appointed president of Bolivia

Birthdays in History

  • 1458 Saint Casimir, Kingdom of Poland prince and Roman Catholic saint, born in Wawel, Kraków, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1484)
  • 1609 Paul Fleming, German poet, born in Hartenstein, Saxony (d. 1640)
  • 1641 Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, Marquise de Montespan, French mistress of King Louis XIV of France, born in Lussac-les-Châteaux, France (d. 1707)
  • 1658 Mary of Modena, Queen of James II of England, born in Ducal Palace, Modena (d. 1718)

Person of interestJonathan Edwards

1703 Jonathan Edwards, Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), born in East Windsor, Connecticut Colony (d. 1758)

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards
  • 1712 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, born in Venice (d. 1793)

Person of interestDenis Diderot

1713 Denis Diderot, French enlightenment philosopher (Encyclopédie), born in Langres, Champagne (d. 1784)

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • 1715 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, born in Pertuis, France (d. 1789)
  • 1717 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, born in Paris (d. 1744)
  • 1728 Chevalier d'Éon, French diplomat & spy, born in Tonnerre, France (d. 1810)
  • 1781 Bernard Bolzano, Czech mathematician and philosopher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1848)
  • 1792 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer, born in Warrington, England (d. 1844)
  • 1795 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) and brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), born in Halkirk, Caithness, Highland, Scotland (d. 1873)
  • 1799 Anthony Gerhard Alexander van Rappard, Dutch politician, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1869)
  • 1804 Robert Parker Parrott, American inventor (developed the rifled cannon known as the Parrott gun), born in Lee, New Hampshire (d. 1877)
  • 1808 Thomas Algeo Rowley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)
  • 1808 Winand Staring, Dutch geologist (Geology of Netherlands), born in Wildenborch, Vorden, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1820 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Quaker Street, Duanesburg, New York (d. 1890)

Person of interestChester A. Arthur

1829 Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (1881-85), born in Fairfield Vermont (d. 1886)

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1833 Cyrus Bussey, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hubbard, Ohio (d. 1915)
  • 1836 George Washington Gordon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1911)
  • 1840 John Addington Symonds, British historian and writer (Probs in Greek Ethics), born in Bristol, England (d. 1893)
  • 1844 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, born in Swellendam, Cape Colony (d. 1934)
  • 1848 Guido von List, Austrian-German occultist and novelist (Jung Diethers Heimkehr), born in Vienna (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • 1858 Henry von Battenberg, German son-in-law of Queen Victoria, born in Milan, Lombardy–Venetia (d. 1896)'
  • 1863 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • 1864 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, born in Besançon, France (d. 1948)
  • 1879 John Erskine, American poet and writer (Private Life of Helen of Troy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Otto V. Kuusinen, Finnish politician (founder of the Finnish Communist Party), born in Laukaa, Finland (d. 1964)
  • 1882 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1982)

Person of interestRobert H. Goddard

1882 Robert H. Goddard, American Rocket Pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1945)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1884 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1887 Max Ackermann, German "entartet" painter, born in Berlin (d. 1975)
  • 1887 René Cassin, French jurist and judge (Nobel Peace Prize 1968), born in Bayonne, Basque Country, France (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (Memorias de Mamá Blanca), born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • 1890 Kasimir Edschmid, German writer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1892 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist and director (U.S. National Museum), born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1969)
  • 1895 Walter Bedell Smith, U.S. Army general (WWII) and head of CIA (1950-52), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1961)
  • 1899 George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1901 Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam (WWII), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1971)
  • 1903 M. King Hubbert, American geologist and geophysicist, born in San Saba, Texas (d. 1989)
  • 1904 George Chesterman Phillips, British naval officer (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Leopold Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, born in Oberndorf, Austria (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific), born in Texarcana, Texas (d. 1988)
  • 1912 Fritz Fischer, German physician and Nazi war criminal, born in Berlin (d. 2003)
  • 1913 William Lehman, American politician, born in Selma, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • 1913 Eugene B. Fluckey, American Navy submariner, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, born in Furness, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Robert Adams, English sculptor and designer, born in Far Cotton, Northampton (d. 1984)
  • 1920 Robert Feenstra, Dutch law historian
  • 1922 Bil Keane, American cartoonist (The Family Circus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2011)
  • 1923 Philip Berrigan, American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest, born in Two Harbors, Minnesota (d. 2002)
  • 1923 Stig Dagerman, Swedish writer (Burned Child), born in Älvkarleby, Uppsala County, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • 1924 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), born in Santiago (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (Frank and Ernest), born in Burt, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Willi Unsoeld, American mountaineer (First ascent of the West Ridge of Mount Everest), born in Arcata, California (d. 1979)
  • 1927 Al Hansen, American artist (Fluxus), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Louise Fitzhugh, American author and illustrator (Harriet the Spy), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • 1929 Autherine Lucy, 1st African-American to enroll in University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa, born in Shiloh, Alabama
  • 1929 Richard F. Gordon, Jr., American naval officer and astronaut (Gemini 11; Apollo 12), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Pavel Popovich, Ukrainian cosmonaut (Vostok IV, Soyuz 14), born in Uzyn, Kiev Oblast, Soviet Union (d. 2009)
  • 1930 Reinhard Selten, German economist (Nobel Prize 1994), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Rahmon Nabiyev, Tajik politician (First Secretary of The Communist Party, 1982-85; President of Tadzjikistan, 1991-92), born in Leninabad, Tajik SSR (now Khujand, Tajikistan) (d. 1992)
  • 1932 Yvonne Brathwaite Burke, American politician (first African-American woman to represent the West Coast in Congress), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1934 Angelo Buono, Jr., American serial killer, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2002)

Person of interestVáclav Havel

1936 Vaclav Havel, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1990-2, Czech Republic, 1993-2003), born in Prague (d. 2011)

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1938 Teresa Heinz Kerry, American philanthropist (wife of John Kerry), born in Lourenço Marques, Portuguese East Africa
  • 1939 Marie-Claire Blais, French Canadian author and playwright, born in Quebec, Canada
  • 1939 Consuelo Ynares-Santiago, Filipino Supreme Court jurist, born in Binangonan, Rizal, Philippines
  • 1939 Walter Wolf, Slovenian-Canadian industrialist, born in Graz, Austria
  • 1941 Eduardo Duhalde, President of Argentina (2002-03), born in Lomas de Zamora, Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1943 Ben Cardin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1944 Ben Korthals, Dutch politician and lawyer (VVD), born in Voorschoten, Netherlands
  • 1946 Zahida Hina, Pakistani columnist, born in Sahasram, Bihar, British India
  • 1948 Zoran Živković, Serbian writer, born in Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1949 Ralph Goodale, Canadian politician (Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness), born in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • 1950 Edward P. Jones, American writer (The Known World), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1953 James Lascelles, British grandson of English princess Mary, born in Bayswater, London
  • 1953 John Stachniewski, scholar/teacher
  • 1957 Mark Geragos, American attorney
  • 1958 Brent W. Jett Jr, American naval officer and NASA astronaut (STS 72, sk:81), born in Pontiac, Michigan
  • 1958 André Kuipers, Dutch astronaut
  • 1959 Maya Lin, American designer (Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Civil Rights Memorial), born in Athens, Ohio
  • 1961 Matthew Kauffman, American journalist and George Polk Award winner
  • 1964 Malik Saidullaev Chechen businessman
  • 1964 Warren E. Miller, Maryland politician
  • 1972 Thomas Roberts, American news anchor, born in Towson, Maryland
  • 1974 Rich Franklin, American mixed martial artist, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1976 Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechen President, born in Tsentaroy, Russia
  • 1979 Jaime Chambers, American television reporter, born in Los Angeles, California

Deaths in History

  • 578 Justinus II, Byzantine emperor (565-78), dies
  • 1056 Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (1046-56), dies at 38
  • 1111 Robrecht II of Jerusalem, Count of Flanders (1st Crusader), dies
  • 1112 Sigebert of Gembloux, French chronicler
  • 1285 Philip III "the Bold", King of France (1270-85), dies of dysentery at 40
  • 1392 Yusuf II, ruler of Granada (1391-92), dies possibly killed by a poisoned tunic (b. c. 1356)
  • 1399 Raymundus of Capua, Italian general, dies
  • 1496 Ferdinand II, King of Naples (1495-96), dies at 27
  • 1528 Richard Foxe, English churchman
  • 1557 Il Bacchiacca [Franceso Ubertini], Italian painter, dies at 63
  • 1565 Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (b. 1522)
  • 1606 Philippe Desportes, French poet (b. 1546)
  • 1631 Arabella Holles, wife of English politician Thomas Wentworth, dies
  • 1714 Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)
  • 1740 Johann Philipp Baratier, German scholar (b. 1721)
  • 1763 August III, king of Poland, dies at 66
  • 1777 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, dies at 72
  • 1787 Thomas Stone, US attorney and signer of the US Declaration of Independence, dies at about 44
  • 1799 Antonio Dinis da Cruz e Silva, Portuguese poet (O Hissope), dies at 68

Person of interestCharles Cornwallis

1805 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator (leading British general in the American War of Independence), dies of fever at 66

General and Colonial Administrator Charles Cornwallis
General and Colonial Administrator
Charles Cornwallis

Person of interestTecumseh

1813 Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief (Battle of Thames), dies in battle at 45

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
  • 1818 Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln, dies at 34
  • 1837 Hortense de Beauharnais, French Queen of Holland (1806-10), dies at 54
  • 1848 Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (b. 1781)
  • 1861 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (b. 1778)
  • 1871 Alexander Afanasyev, Russian ethnographer and folklorist, dies at 45
  • 1878 George B. Vashon, American, lawyer, academic and poet, first African American lawyer, dies of yellow fever at 54

Person of interestDoc Durant

1885 Doc Durant [Thomas C. Durant], American financier and railroad promoter (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific), dies at 65

Financier and Railroad Promoter Doc Durant
Financier and Railroad Promoter
Doc Durant
  • 1892 Bill Powers, US member of Daltonbende, dies
  • 1892 Bob Dalton, US leader of Daltonbende, dies
  • 1892 Dick Broadwell, US member of Daltonbende, dies
  • 1892 Grat Dalton, US member of Daltonbende, dies
  • 1906 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, dies at 58
  • 1913 Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • 1918 Roland Garros, French stunt flyer, dies
  • 1930 Christopher Birdwood Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson, British military officer (b. 1875)
  • 1933 Nikolaj N Joedenitsj, Russian general/contra revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1933 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, dies at 71
  • 1936 Jan J Slauerhoff, Dutch ship doc/writer (Seaman's Grave), dies at 38
  • 1938 Saint Faustina, Polish saint (b. 1905)
  • 1940 Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher and politician, dies at 81
  • 1940 Ballington Booth, English Officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America
  • 1941 Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and associate justice on the Supreme Court of the United States, dies at 84
  • 1950 Frederic Lewy, German neurologist (b. 1885)
  • 1953 Friedrich Wolf, writer, dies at 64
  • 1960 Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist and author (Anthropologist looks at History), dies at 84
  • 1967 Clifton Williams, American major and NASA astronaut, dies at 35, in T-38 jet crash
  • 1972 Ivan Yefremov, Russian paleontologist (originator of the concept of taphonomy) and author (Andromeda Nebula), dies at 64
  • 1976 Lars Onsager, Norwegian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1979 Charlie Smith, oldest American (137 year), dies
  • 1983 Earl Tupper, American-born Costa Rican inventor and businessman (Tupperware), dies of a heart attack at 76
  • 1986 James H. Wilkinson, English mathematician (b. 1919)
  • 1990 Meir Kahane, American founder of the Jewish Defense League, assassinated at 58
  • 1992 Cornelis "Cees" Berkhouwer, Dutch politician (VVD), dies
  • 1993 Karl G Henize, astronaut (STS 51-F), dies of heart failure at 66
  • 1993 Karl Gordon Henize, American astronomer and NASA astronaut (STS-51-F), dies of high altitude pulmonary edema during an expedition on Mount Everest at 66
  • 1995 Fred Fehl, photographer, dies at 89
  • 1996 Seymour Cray, American inventor (Cray Research, Cray I supercomputer), dies after a car accident at 71
  • 2000 Sidney R. Yates, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), dies at 91
  • 2000 Keith Roberts, English writer (Irish Encounter, Ladies from Hell), dies at 65
  • 2001 Mike Mansfield, American politician (b. 1903)
  • 2001 Lou Zara, American writer (Stump the Authors), dies at 91
  • 2004 Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born English physicist (Nobel 1962-X-ray diffraction studies of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) proved crucial to the determination of DNA’s molecular structure by James D. Watson and Francis Crick), dies at 87
  • 2004 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013 nominee), dies at 62
  • 2006 Antonio Peña, Mexican founder of lucha libre promotion AAA (b. 1953)
  • 2007 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (b. 1898)
  • 2007 Walter Kempowski, German writer (German Chronicle), dies at 78
  • 2010 Bernard Clavel, French novelist (b. 1923)
  • 2011 Derrick Bell, American legal scholar and civil rights advocate (b. 1930)

Person of interestSteve Jobs

2011 Steve Jobs, American computer entrepreneur and co-founder of Apple, dies of respiratory arrest related to cancer at 56

Apple Co-founder Steve Jobs
Apple Co-founder
Steve Jobs
  • 2012 Keith H.S. Campbell, British biologist, dies at 58
  • 2015 Henning Mankell, Swedish playwright and author (Wallander novels), dies of cancer at 67
  • 2016 Michal Kováč, ist President of Slovakia (1993-98), dies at 86