On This Day

On This Day in History for October 7

Events in History

  • 3761 BC The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar).
  • 336 Pope Saint Mark's death ends his reign as Catholic Pope leaving the papacy vacant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus misses Florida when he changes course

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1506 Pope Julius II & France occupy Bologna

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1513 Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
  • 1520 1st public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1542 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers Catalina Island off the coast of California

Conquistador and Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Conquistador and Explorer
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo

Lepanto – The Battle That Saved EuropeLepanto – The Battle That Saved Europe

1571 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroy Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece

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The Battle of Lepanto by an unknown artist
The Battle of Lepanto by an unknown artist
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1637 Prince Frederick Henry occupies Breda

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1690 English attack Quebec under Louis de Buade
  • 1702 British & Dutch troops under Marlborough occupy Roermond
  • 1714 People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar, Netherlands
  • 1737 A cyclone causes 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300,000 in Calcutta, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1763 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1765 Stamp Act Congress (First Congress of the American Colonies) convenes in New York City to devise a unified protest against new British taxation
  • 1777 Americans beat British in Second Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • 1780 British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
  • 1806 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood
  • 1816 1st double decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans
  • 1825 Miramichi Fire - forest fire disaster in New Brunswick
  • 1826 Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
  • 1828 The Greek city of Patras is liberated by the French expeditionary force in Peloponnese under General Maison.
  • 1830 The Black Line begins; a leveé of colonists in Tasmania, Australia, attempts to round up Aborigines onto the Tasman Peninsula [1]
  • 1840 Willem I resigns as king of Netherlands
  • 1856 Cyrus Chambers Jr patents folding machine that folds book & newspapers
  • 1864 -Oct 13th) Battle of Darbytown Road, Virginia
  • 1864 Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor, Brazil - CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
  • 1868 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
  • 1870 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • 1871 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • 1879 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • 1886 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
  • 1900 The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
Henri Farman crosses the line to win the Grand Prix d'Aviation for the first observed circular flight of 1km
Henri Farman crosses the line to win the Grand Prix d'Aviation for the first observed circular flight of 1km
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  • 1908 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • 1908 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • 1912 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 English nurse Edith Cavell sentenced to death along with 34 others by German court martial for running underground network to free Allied soldiers

  • 1916 The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters
  • 1919 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • 1919 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • 1922 Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
  • 1924 Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms
  • 1926 Italian Great Fascist Council forms
  • 1928 Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Ramsay MacDonald is first British Prime Minister to address US Congress

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1931 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Himmler, Hess and Heydrich inspect the concentration camp at Dachau

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1937 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1938 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J
  • 1940 World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
  • 1941 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • 1942 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys Nazi battalion in Stalingrad
  • 1942 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing (Netherlands)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Maxwell Anderson's "Eve of St Mark" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson
  • 1942 US & UK government announce establishment of United Nations
  • 1944 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1944 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1945 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
  • 1949 German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
  • 1950 US forces invade North Korea by crossing 38th parallel
  • 1950 Walter Bedell Smith replaces Roscoe H Hillenkoetter as 4th CIA head
  • 1950 William H Jackson becomes deputy director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 David Ben-Gurion forms 3rd Israeli government

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1954 Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of the Muslim Brothership, arrested in Egypt

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1955 Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1958 Potter Stewart appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1958 US manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury

Historic DiscoveryFar Side of the Moon Revealed

1959 Far side of Moon seen for the 1st time, courtesy of USSR's Luna 3 space probe

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The first ever photo of the far side of the Moon, taken by the Soviet spacecraft Luna 3
The first ever photo of the far side of the Moon, taken by the Soviet spacecraft Luna 3
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 2nd JFK & Richard Nixon debate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Bobby Baker resigns as Senate Democratic secretary
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora hits Haiti & Dominican Republic, kills 7,190
  • 1963 JFK signs ratification for nuclear test ban treaty
  • 1965 Charles Linster does 6,006 consecutive push-ups
  • 1965 50 mph gust helps Robert Mitera ace 447-yd 10th hole at Miracle Hills, Omaha, Nebr to score world's longest straight hole-in-one
  • 1967 Rolf Hochhuth's play "Soldaten" premieres in West Berlin
  • 1968 Motion Picture Association of America adopts film rating system
  • 1968 Rioting continues in Derry, Northern Ireland after Royal Ulster Constabulary put down civil rights march two days earlier
  • 1971 Terence McNally's play "Where has Tommy Flowers gone?" premieres in NYC

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Brian Faulkner meets with British Prime Minister Edward Heath; they agree to send an additional 1,500 British Army troops to Northern Ireland

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1973 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.
  • 1974 German Democratic Republic amends constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Hua Guofeng succeeds Mao as Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • 1977 USSR adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1979 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1980 Belgium 3rd government of Martens resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Hosni Mubarak becomes acting-president of Egypt

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1982 Olof Palme forms Swedish government
  • 1985 21st Space Shuttle Mission (51-J)-Atlantis 1 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1985 KHQ-AM in Spokane Wash's final transmission
  • 1985 PLO terrorists seize Italian cruise liner Achille Lauro
  • 1986 First edition of new British newspaper "Independent" published
  • 1988 Latvian flag raised in Riga for first time since annexation by USSR

Birthdays in History

  • 1471 Frederik I, King of Denmark and Norway (1523-33), born in Gottorp, Denmark (d. 1533)
  • 1573 William Laud, English Archbishop of Canterbury (1633-45), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 1645)
  • 1576 John Marston, English poet and playwright (d. 1634)
  • 1577 Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Liege/archbishop
  • 1589 Maria Magdalena of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany (d. 1631)
  • 1713 Granville Elliott, British military officer (d. 1759)
  • 1728 Caesar Rodney, Delaware, judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1734 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (Dutch Guyana)
  • 1744 Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (d. 1819)
  • 1748 Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18)
  • 1769 Solomon Sibley, American politician (d. 1846)
  • 1786 Louis-Joseph Papineau, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 1871)
  • 1817 Bushrod Rust Johnson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • 1821 Richard Heron Anderson, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1821 William Sill, with The Underground Railroad
  • 1826 William Brimage Bate, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army) and 23rd Governor of Tennessee (1882-86)
  • 1841 Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
  • 1849 James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (Raggedy Man)
  • 1854 Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
  • 1866 Martha McChesney Berry, American educator who founded Berry School for Children, born near Rome, Georgia (d. 1942)
  • 1866 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • 1881 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)

Person of interestNiels Bohr

1885 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist who expanded quantum physics (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1962)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • 1886 Johannes B Tielrooy, Dutch literary (Chateaubriand)
  • 1888 Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
  • 1894 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer
  • 1894 Del Lord, American director (d. 1970)

Person of interestElijah Muhammad

1896 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), born in Sandersville, Georgia (d. 1975)

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad

Person of interestHeinrich Himmler

1900 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi and head of the Gestapo, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1901 Souvanna Phouma, Prince and Prime Minister of Laos (1951–54, 1956–58, 1960 and 1962–75), born in Luang Phrabang, Laos (d. 1984)
  • 1906 James E Webb, head of NASA (1961-68)
  • 1907 Víctor Paz Estenssoro, Bolivian politician (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Anni Blomqvist, Finnish novelist (d. 1990)
  • 1909 Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany, New York (d. 1983)
  • 1910 Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (d. 1986)
  • 1912 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru (d. 2002)
  • 1913 Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist (Het Parool, Kinks)
  • 1915 Margarita Aliger, Russian poet (Zoja), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1992) [NS]
  • 1916 Walt W Rostow, American economist (Politics & Stages of Growth), born in NYC, New York
  • 1918 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist
  • 1919 George Duby, historian
  • 1919 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • 1920 Georg Leber, German politician (SPD), (d. 2012)
  • 1921 John Arthur Giles Gere, English art historian (Pre-Raphaelite painter)
  • 1922 Reina Prinsen Geerligs [Leentje Vandendriesch], Dutch antifascist
  • 1923 Irma Grese, Supervisor at Nazi concentration camps
  • 1923 Jean-Paul Riopelle, Québécois member of Les Automatistes (d. 2002)
  • 1927 R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1989)
  • 1928 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter, born in Kashan, Iran (d. 1980)
  • 1929 Robert Westall, British author, born in North Shields, United Kingdom (d. 1993)
  • 1929 Harold Zirin, American astronomer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)

Person of interestDesmond Tutu

1931 Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop of South Africa and 1984 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Klerksdorp, Western Transvaal, South Africa

Anglican Archbishop and Activist Desmond Tutu
Anglican Archbishop and Activist
Desmond Tutu
  • 1932 Joannes M Gijsen, Bishop of Roermond, born in Oeffelt, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Ulrike Meinhof, West German far left militant, born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1976)
  • 1935 Thomas Keneally, Australian writer (Schindler's List), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1936 Gennadi Mikhailovich Kolesnikov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Dauriya, Russia
  • 1937 Maria Szyszkowska, Polish politician, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1939 John Hopcroft, American computer scientist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1939 Harold Kroto, English chemist and Nobel laureate (1996), born in Wisbech (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Bruce F. Vento, American politician (Rep-D-Minnesota, 1977- ), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • 1940 Richard H. Stallings, American politician (Rep-D-ID, 1985- ), born in Ogden, Utah
  • 1941 John Ford Noonan, American playwright (A Coupla White Chicks Sitting Around Talking), born in Stamford, Connecticut (d. 2018)

Person of interestOliver North

1943 Oliver North, American political commentator and retired US Marine (Iran–Contra), born in San Antonio, Texas

Political Commentator and Iran-Contra Figure Oliver North
Political Commentator and Iran-Contra Figure
Oliver North
  • 1944 Donald Tsang, Former Chief executive of Hong Kong (2005-1012), born in Hong Kong
  • 1946 Pengiran Anak Saleha, Queen of Brunei, born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
  • 1946 Anita Shreve, American writer (Weight of Water, Past the Island; Drifting), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2018)
  • 1948 Diane Ackerman, American poet and essayist, born in Waukegan, Illinois
  • 1950 Jakaya Kikwete, Tanzanian politician, born in Msoga, Tanzania

Person of interestVladimir Putin

1952 Vladimir Putin, Russian politician (President and Prime Minister), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 1955 Ralph Johnson, American computer scientist
  • 1959 Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1959 Jean-Marc Fournier, French-Canadian politician, born in Châteauguay, Canada
  • 1961 Matthew Roloff, American reality star, born in San Francisco, California
  • 1961 Thomas "Tom" Perez, American Chair of the Democratic National Committee, born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1962 Dave Bronconnier, Canadian politician, born in Calgary, Canada
  • 1964 Dan Savage, American sex-columnist and author, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 2001 Princess Senate Seeiso, daughter of King Letsie III of Lesotho, born in Maseru, Lesotho

Weddings in History

  • 1649 Philip IV, King of Spain (44) marries his niece Mariana of Austria (14) in Navalcarnero, Spain
  • 1776 Crown Prince Paul of Russia marries Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.

LoveWedding of Interest

1914 44th US Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. (26) weds John F. Fitzgerald's daughter, Rose Fitzgerald (24)

Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Kennedy Family Matriarch
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • 2012 Media personality Jack Osbourne (26) weds Lisa Stelly on the Big Island of Hawaii

Deaths in History

  • 290 [Christian] Sergius, Roman soldier and martyred saint, decapitated
  • 336 Pope Saint Mark, bishop of Rome (336), dies of natural causes
  • 929 Charles III, the Plain, King of France (893-929), dies
  • 1368 Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England, dies at 29
  • 1488 Andrea del Verrochio, sculptor/painter/goldsmith, dies at about 52
  • 1555 Louis of Praet, Habsburg diplomat (b. 1488)
  • 1571 Müezzinzade Ali Pasha, Turkish fleet commander, dies in the Battle of Lepanto
  • 1571 Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen of Denmark and Norway, dies at 60
  • 1577 George Gascoigne, English poet
  • 1612 Menso Alting, Dutch reformed vicar and theologist, dies at 70
  • 1612 Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian writer (Faithfull Shepherd), dies at 73
  • 1620 Stanisław Żółkiewski, Polish military leader (b. 1547)
  • 1637 Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (1630-37), dies at 50
  • 1639 John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam), dies at 68
  • 1651 Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit, dies at 92
  • 1653 Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic priest (b. 1581)
  • 1660 Paul Scarron, French writer (Virgile Travesti), dies at 50
  • 1681 Nicolaas Heinsius, Dutch philological/diplomat, dies at 61
  • 1708 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet, dies following an assassination attempt at 41
  • 1772 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist, dies of smallpox at 51
  • 1777 Simon Fraser, English general, dies in battle
  • 1780 Patrick Ferguson, Scottish army officer and rifle inventor (Ferguson flintlock rifle), dies in battle at 36
  • 1787 Henry Muhlenberg, German-born founder of the U.S. Lutheran Church, dies at 76

Person of interestGeorge Mason

1792 George Mason, American statesman (advocated for the Bill of Rights), dies of natural causes at 66

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • 1793 Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, British politician, dies at 75
  • 1795 Johann Georg von Zimmermann, Swiss philosophical author and physician, dies at 66
  • 1796 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, dies at 86
  • 1800 Gabriel, slave revolt leader (Virginia), hanged
  • 1811 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist, dies at 68

Person of interestEdgar Allan Poe

1849 Edgar Allan Poe, American writer, poet and critic (The Pit and the Pendulum) considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre (Murders in the Rue Morgue), dies in Baltimore at 40

  • 1864 Alexander Gardiner, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • 1864 John Gregg, American judge/Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 36
  • 1876 Georg Heinrich Pertz, German historian, dies at 81
  • 1894 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and author (Old Ironsides), dies at 85
  • 1903 Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (b. 1832)
  • 1906 Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
  • 1911 John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (b. 1835)
  • 1919 Alfred Deakin, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia, dies at 63
  • 1924 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Patristischen Philosophie), dies at 71
  • 1926 Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist who developed a classification system for mental illness, dies at 70
  • 1931 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), dies at 81
  • 1931 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, dies at 65
  • 1939 Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies), dies at 70
  • 1943 Radclyffe Hall, British author (b. 1880)
  • 1944 Helmut Lent, German night-fighter ace in World War II, dies at 26

Person of interestWillis Carrier

1950 Willis Carrier, American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), dies at 73

Air Conditioning Engineer Willis Carrier
Air Conditioning Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • 1951 Anton Philips, Co-Founder of Royal Philips Electronics N.V., dies at 77

Person of interestClarence Birdseye

1956 Clarence Birdseye, American inventor and founder of the modern frozen food industry (Birdseye), dies of a heart attack at 69

  • 1962 Maurits Dekker, Dutch writer (Boots in Jail), dies at 66
  • 1964 Eugen Varga, Hungarian-Russian economist and politician, dies at 84
  • 1967 Norman Angell (Lane), English journalist/pacifist (Nobel 1933), dies
  • 1973 Habib Rajab, South African trader and collector of oriental art who fought against a takeover of the Grey Street complex by White traders, dies at 58
  • 1981 Albert Cohen, Greek-born Swiss novelist (Belle du Seigneur), dies at 86
  • 1990 J Teengs Gerritsen, resistance fighter, dies
  • 1990 Juan Jose Arevalo, President of Guatemala (1945-51), dies
  • 1992 Allan Bloom, American philosopher and author (Closing of the American Mind), dies at 62
  • 1992 Tevfik Esenç, last known speaker of Ubykh (b. 1904)
  • 1994 James Hill, director, dies at 75
  • 1994 Niels Kaj Jerne, Danish immunologist (Nobel prize 1984), dies at 82
  • 1995 Ariston Muguranayanga Chambati, politician/businessman, dies at 59
  • 1995 Gérard de Vaucouleurs, French astronomer, dies at 77
  • 1996 Charles Wegg Solicitor-Prosser, dies at 86
  • 1999 David A. Huffman, American computer scientist, creator of Huffman coding, dies at 74
  • 1999 Rev. Bruce Ritter, American Catholic priest and controversial founder of charity New York City based Covenant House, dies of cancer at 72
  • 2001 Herblock [Herbert Lawrence Block], American cartoonist, dies at 91
  • 2001 Roger Gaudry, French Canadian chemist, businessman and corporate director (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Izzy Asper, Canadian tax lawyer (b. 1932)
  • 2003 Wally George, American conservative TV commentator, dies at 71
  • 2003 Henry Herbert, 17th Earl of Pembroke, English peer and director (Emily), dies at 64
  • 2004 Ken Bigley, British civil engineer, kidnapped and murdered in Iraq (b. 1942)
  • 2005 Doug Young, American national and world powerlifting champion, dies of a heart attack at 61
  • 2006 Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist and human rights activist, dies at 48
  • 2007 George E. Sangmeister, American politician (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Leslie Hardman, Jewish Orthodox rabbi (b. 1913)
  • 2009 Irving Penn, American photographer (b. 1917)
  • 2009 Shelby Singleton, American record label owner and producer (Smash Records, Mercury Records), dies of brain cancer at 77
  • 2010 Milka Planinc, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1982-86), dies at 85
  • 2011 Ramiz Alia, the former communist leader and first president of the Albanian pluralist (b. 1925)
  • 2012 Mervyn Dymally, Trinidadian-born American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1981-93), dies at 86
  • 2020 Mario Molina, Mexican scientist, 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry (CFC's effect on the ozone layer), dies at 77 [1]