On This Day

On This Day in History for October 9

Events in History

CrownRoyal Coronation

768 Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I are crowned Kings of The Franks

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 869 Charles the Bald crowned king of Lotharingen
  • 1000 Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly L'Anse aux Meadows, Canada) reputedly becoming first European to reach North America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1192 Richard I of England, the Lion Heart, leaves Jerusalem in disguise

  • 1238 James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1290 Last of 16,000 Jews expelled by King Edward I leave England

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1446 The Hangul alphabet is published in Korea
  • 1558 Mérida is founded in Venezuela
  • 1573 Don Frederik and the Spanish disband the siege of Alkmaar
  • 1595 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
  • 1597 Eighty Years War: Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange with English support captures Breevoort, Netherlands from the Spanish
  • 1617 Peace of Pavia between Spain and Savoye
  • 1621 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1635 Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • 1651 English parliament passes Navigation Act
  • 1655 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow

Historic DiscoveryGreat Plague of London

1665 Due to the Great Plague of London, the British Parliament meets at the University of Oxford rather than the Palace of Westminster

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Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to
Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to "bring out your dead" at the height of the London plague outbreak in 1665
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  • 1668 Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish governor Jose de Paternina
  • 1701 Collegiate School of Ct (Yale U), chartered in New Haven
  • 1708 Great Northern War: Battle at Lesnaya (N.S): Russian army captures Swedish convoy
  • 1716 Britain & France sign treaty
  • 1740 Dutch governor general Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8,000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • 1760 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1771 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.

BattleHistoric Siege

1779 Siege of Savannah during American Revolutionary War: Casimir Pulaski is wounded by grapeshot (dies 11 or 15 March)

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski

Victory in BattleSurrender at Yorktown

1781 Americans under George Washington and the French under comte de Rochambeau begin bombardment of Yorktown, the last battle of American Revolutionary War

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'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
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  • 1794 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • 1799 Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast
  • 1804 Hobart in Tasmania founded
  • 1806 Prussia declares war on France
  • 1817 University of Gent officially opens
  • 1818 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820 Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 1824 Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica
  • 1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, first Head of State of modern Greece, assassinated in Nafplion
  • 1835 The Royal College, Colombo, established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka
  • 1837 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke, North Carolina, killing 100
  • 1837 Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1845 The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church
  • 1854 The siege of Sevastopol begins during the Crimean War
  • 1855 American inventor Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • 1863 Battle of Brady Station, Virginia (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1864 Battle of Tom's Brook; Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is beaten by General George A. Custer & Merrit's cavalry divisions

  • 1865 First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • 1870 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1872 Aaron Montgomery starts his mail-order business
  • 1874 World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • 1876 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • 1877 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • 1888 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • 1899 1st British troops reaches Durban, South Africa
  • 1899 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
  • 1900 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • 1903 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hrs (NYC)
  • 1914 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • 1915 Belgrade, Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
  • 1915 Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Royal Colonial Institution

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1928 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz" premieres in Paris
  • 1930 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin expels Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev from the Communist Party after a power struggle

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin


1934 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

USAManhattan Project

1941 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves an atomic program that would become the Manhattan Project

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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  • 1941 Coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1944 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1944 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • 1945 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1946 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1947 First telephone conversation between a moving car & a plane
  • 1953 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aproves Guyanese Constitution

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1953 Konrad Adenauer elected Chancellor of West Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1958 Israeli navy inaugrates its first submarine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton, England

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1960 Cowboy QB Eddie LeBaron throws shortest touchdown pass (2")
  • 1961 Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • 1961 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • 1961 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • 1962 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot John B McKay takes X-15 to 39,200 m
  • 1962 Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1963 Vajont Dam disaster, landslide creates 50 million cubic metre wave killing around 2,000 in the Piave Valley in Northern Italy

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1963 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan resigns and is replaced by Alec Douglas-Home

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • 1963 French air force gets first nuclear weapons
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba & Haiti, kills 6,000
  • 1968 Government seizes oil fields in Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 2,000 students from Queen's University Belfast try to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against 'police brutality', but blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley; leads for formation of student civil rights group People's Democracy

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley
  • 1970 Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Japanese Emperor Hirohito visits the Netherlands

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
  • 1973 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • 1973 Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors
  • 1974 Race riot in Boston due to "bussing"
  • 1975 Emperor Hirohito of Japan visits San Francisco

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1975 Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov

Birthdays in History

  • 1201 Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne College, born in Sorbon, France (d. 1274)
  • 1221 Salimbene di Adam, Italian chronicler, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1288)
  • 1261 Denis of Portugal, King of Portugal (1279-1325), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1325)
  • 1328 Peter I of Cyprus, King of Cyprus (1358-69), born in Nicosia, Cyprus (d. 1369)
  • 1469 John Fisher, English bishop (1504-35), cardinal (Saint John Fisher), born in Beverley, England (beheaded 1535)
  • 1581 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician and poet, born in Bourg-en-Bresse, France (d. 1638)
  • 1586 Jan III van Foreest, Dutch lawyer, poet and mayor of Hoorn, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1651)
  • 1586 Leopold V, Archduke of Austria, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1632)
  • 1663 Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni, Italian literary and critic (Arcadia), born in Macerata, Italy (d. 1728)
  • 1704 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)

Person of interestCharles X

1757 Charles X, King of France (1824-30), born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1836)

King of France Charles X
King of France
Charles X
  • 1771 Frederik Willem, Duke of Brunswick (1813-15), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1782 Lewis Cass, American military officer and politician (U.S. Senator-Michigan), born in Exeter, New Hampshire (d. 1866)
  • 1796 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, born in London, England (d. 1878)
  • 1813 John J. Pettus, American politician, Confederate governor (D-Miss, 1859-63), born in Wilson County, Tennessee (d. 1867)
  • 1822 George Sykes, American Major General (Union Army), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1880)

Person of interestMary Ann Shadd Cary

1823 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher ('Provincial Freeman'), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1893)

Suffragist and Publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and Publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary
  • 1830 Harriet Hosmer, American neoclassical sculptor, born in Watertown, Massachusetts (d. 1908)
  • 1840 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London, England (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Andre Dumont, Belgian mine engineer (Limburg's coal basin), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1920)
  • 1847 Stephanus Jacobus du Toit, South African theologist and journalist (Afrikaner Bond), born in Paarl, South Africa (d. 1911)

Person of interestEmil Fischer

1852 [Hermann] Emil Fischer, German chemist, discovered Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), born in Euskirchen, Rhine Province (d. 1919)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Emil Fischer
  • 1858 Gerard Philips, Dutch industrialist and manufacturer (Philips), born in Zaltbommel, Netherlands (d. 1942)

Person of interestAlfred Dreyfus

1859 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1935)

Jewish Artillery Officer Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish Artillery Officer
Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1871 Gerrit Bolkestein, Dutch minister of Education (1939-45), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1871 George Gauthier, Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1940)
  • 1871 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar, born in Paoča, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1922)
  • 1873 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1874 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1947)
  • 1879 Max von Laue, German physicist who discovered the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, born in Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1960)
  • 1884 Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach], Polish-American psychoanalyst, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1982)
  • 1888 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1890 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), born in South-West Oxford, Canada (d. 1944)
  • 1892 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavian novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel 1961), born in Dolac, Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1975)
  • 1892 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), born in Moscow (d. 1941)
  • 1893 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, born in São Paulo (d. 1945)
  • 1895 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1961)
  • 1899 Bruce Catton, American historian and writer (Civil War), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 1978)
  • 1904 Johannes Karel Marie Ditto, Dutch dominican and broadcast chairman (KRO, 1938-45), born in Velsen, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1906 John Dalrymple, 13th earl of Stair, Lord-Lieutenant of Wigtownshire (1961-83)
  • 1906 Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet and 1st President of Senegal (1960-80), born in Joal-Fadiouth, Senegal (d. 2001)
  • 1907 Jacques Tati, French director (Traffic, Playtime), born in La Pecq, France (d. 1982)
  • 1907 Quintin Hogg, British politician, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, born in London (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Jim Folsom, American politician (Alabama-Gov, 1947-51, 1955-59), born in Coffee County, Alabama (d. 1987)
  • 1908 Harry Hooton, Australian poet, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, England (d. 1961)
  • 1910 Donald Coggan, 101st Archbishop of Canterbury (1974-80), born in Highgate, London (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (Pulitzer Prize-Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2006)
  • 1915 Clifford M. Hardin, American politician (17th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture), born in Knightstown, Indiana (d. 2010)
  • 1918 E. Howard Hunt, American intelligence officer involved in Watergate break-in, born in Hamburg, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Irmgard Seefried, German soprano, born Köngetried, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian poet and writer (Dikt, Jonas), born in Kristiansand, Norway (d. 1976)
  • 1924 Robert A. Rushworth, American test pilot (X-15), born in Madison, Maine (d. 1993)
  • 1925 Robert Finch, American politician (8th U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare), born in Tempe, Arizona (d. 1995)
  • 1927 Ivan Metropolitan Ioann Snychev, Russian Orthodox Priest, born in Novo-Mayachka, Russia (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Bill Tidy, English cartoonist (Fosdyke Saga), born in Tranmere, England
  • 1933 Peter Mansfield, British Physician whose discoveries led to MRI (2003 Nobel Prize), born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Jacobo Majluta Azar, 47th President of the Dominican Republic (1978-82), born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (d. 1996)
  • 1934 Jill Ker Conway, Australian-American author, first female president of Smith College, born in Hillston, Australia (d. 2018)
  • 1935 Don McCullin, British photographer, born in London, England
  • 1935 Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in London, England
  • 1938 Heinz Fischer, Austrian politician (11th President of Austria), born in Graz, Austria
  • 1939 Pierre Mertens, French-Belgian writer (Lettres Clandestines), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1940 Gordon J. Humphrey, US Senator (R) New Hampshire (1979-90), born in Bristol, Connecticut
  • 1941 Trent Lott, American politician (Rep-R-MS, 1973-1989, Senator-R-MS 1989-2007), born in Grenada, Mississippi
  • 1941 Brian Lamb, American founder of c-span, born in Lafayette, Indiana
  • 1942 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister (2003-2006), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1943 Mike Peters, American cartoonist (Mother Goose and Grimm), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1947 William E. McAnulty, Jr., American lawyer (1st African American justice on the Kentucky Supreme Court), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2007)
  • 1950 Jody Williams, American political activist and aid worker (Nobel Peace Prize 1997), born in Rutland, Vermont
  • 1957 Yuri Usachyov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-18, TM-23), born in Donetsk, Russia
  • 1959 Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician, born in Sochi, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • 1959 Bill Lee, American politician, Governor of Tennessee (2019-), born in Franklin, Tennessee
  • 1966 Christopher Östlund, Swedish publisher and entrepreneur, born in Uppsala, Sweden

Person of interestDavid Cameron

1966 David Cameron, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 2010-16), born in London, England

British Prime Minister David Cameron
British Prime Minister
David Cameron
  • 1971 Simon Atlee, British fashion photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1984 Marie Kondo, Japanese organizational guru (The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up), born in Tokyo, Japan

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1514 King Louis XII of France marries Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII (sister of Henry VIII)

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII

LoveWedding of Interest

1901 Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr (27) weds Abby Aldrich in Warwick Neck, Rhode Island

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr

LoveWedding of Interest

1944 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (67) weds 1930 Miss France Yvonne Blanche Labrousse (38) in Geneva, Switzerland

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III

Divorces in History

  • 1973 Elvis & Priscilla Presley divorce after 6 years
  • 1980 Princess Caroline of Monaco divorces Philippe Junot

Deaths in History

  • 1047 Clemens II [Suitger], Pope (1046-47), dies (b. 1005)
  • 1253 Robert Grosseteste, English scientist, scholastic philosopher, theologian and Bishop of Lincoln, dies at around 78
  • 1273 Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Germany
  • 1326 Reinald I, earl of Gelre/monarch, went insane, dies
  • 1390 John I of Castile, King of Castile and León (1379-90), dies after falling off his horse while riding in a fantasia at 32
  • 1423 Frederik III of Blankenheim, bishop of Straatsburg/Utrecht, dies
  • 1436 Jacoba van Bavarian, countess of Holland/Zealand, dies at 35
  • 1555 Justus Jonas, German Protestant theologian and reformer, dies at 62
  • 1562 Gabriel Fallopius [Fallopio], Italian anatomist and early advocate for the use of condoms (Observationes anatomicae), dies at 39
  • 1569 Vladimir of Staritsa, Russian prince (b. 1533)
  • 1597 Ashikaga Yoshiaki, 15th Japanese shōgun, dies at 59
  • 1646 Baltasar Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip IV, dies of smallpox at 16
  • 1688 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician, dies at 75
  • 1691 William Sacheverell, English statesman (b. 1638)
  • 1709 Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland, English mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1640)
  • 1729 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (b. 1654)
  • 1747 David Brainerd, American missionary to the Native Americans, dies at 29
  • 1793 Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary (b. 1718)
  • 1797 Elijah B Solomon Zalman, rabbi/Gaon of Vilna Latvia, dies at 77

Person of interestBenjamin Banneker

1806 Benjamin Banneker, African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., dies at 74

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • 1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, President (1829-31) and founding father of modern Greece.
  • 1837 Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (Harmony universal), dies
  • 1841 Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter (Altes Museum, Neue Wache), dies at 60
  • 1868 Howell Cobb, American politician (U.S. Secretary of Treasury), dies at 53
  • 1873 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (b. 1785)
  • 1891 Johannes Tideman, theologist, dies at 83
  • 1897 John Heemskerk, Dutch politician (Minister of the Interior 1866-88), dies at 79
  • 1906 Joseph Glidden, American inventor (barbed wire) and businessman, dies at 93
  • 1912 Millie & Christine McCoy, American Siamese twins born slaves, die at 61
  • 1915 Constant A M Cap, Flemish poet/etcher, dies at 73
  • 1917 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), dies at 63
  • 1918 Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff, murdered at 60
  • 1918 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire), dies at 41
  • 1924 Valery Bryusov, Russian writer and critic (b. 1873)
  • 1934 J-Louis-F Barthou, French writer, French Premier and Foreign Minister, assassinated by Croatian nationalist at 72
  • 1934 King Alexander I, of Yugoslavia (1921-34), assassinated by a Bulgarian revolutionary at 45
  • 1937 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of war (1918-20), dies at 73
  • 1940 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, dies at 75
  • 1943 Gerard W Kerncamp, historian/editor-in-chief (Green Amsterdam), dies
  • 1943 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, executed at 42
  • 1943 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN), executed
  • 1943 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Nobel Prize 1902 for Zeeman effect), dies at 78
  • 1943 Gerard Wilhelm Kernkamp, Dutch historian and editor (Groene Amsterdammer), dies at 78

Person of interestPius XII

1958 Pius XII [Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli], 260th Roman Catholic Pope (1939-58), dies of heart failure at 82

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1960 Howard Glenn, NY Titan, dies of injuries sustain in this day's game
  • 1962 Lulu McConnell, comediene (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 80
  • 1967 Andre Maurois [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac), dies at 82

BattleChe Guevara

1967 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary and physician, executed in Bolivia at 39

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1967 Gordon Allport, American psychologist (personalities), dies at 69
  • 1968 Pierre Mulele, Congolese rebel leader, executed
  • 1970 Jean Giono, French writer (Le Hussard sur le toit), dies at 75
  • 1972 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter, dies at 72
  • 1976 Walter Warlimont, German General WWII, dies at 82
  • 1978 Pavel Antokolsky, Russian poet and theatre director (Syn), dies at 82
  • 1982 Anna Freud, Austrian-English psychoanalyst and daughter of Sigmund Freud, dies at 86
  • 1983 Suh Seok-jun, South Korea Deputy Prime Minister, killed (one of 21 victims) in Rangoon bombing at about 45
  • 1985 Emílio Garrastazu Médici, 28th President of Brazil (1969-74), dies at 79
  • 1987 Clare Boothe Luce, American politician and U.S. ambassador to Italy, dies at 84
  • 1988 Felix Wankel, German inventor (Wankel rotary-piston engine), dies at 86
  • 1989 Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (b. 1940)
  • 1992 Per Olof Sundman, Swedish writer and politician, dies at 70

Person of interestAlec Douglas-Home

1995 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), dies at 92

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1995 John Alfred Scali, American journalist and diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1995 Kukrit Pramoj, Thai politician (13th Prime Minister of Thailand) and scholar, dies at 84
  • 1995 Patric Walker, American-British astrologer, dies of food poisoning at 64
  • 1995 Phillip Oppenheimer, British diamond trader, dies at 83
  • 1996 Alan Charles Downes, British founder member of Independent Television News and cameraman, dies at 58
  • 1996 Nigel Thomas Loveridge Fisher, politician, dies at 83
  • 1996 Richard Clarkson, English aeronautical engineer (Hawker Siddeley Trident), dies at 94
  • 1996 Joachim Wohlgemuth, German writer, dies at 64
  • 1999 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (b. 1914)
  • 1999 Morris West, Australian novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman), dies at 83
  • 2000 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
  • 2002 Aileen Wournos, American serial killer sentenced to death (b. 1956)
  • 2006 Raymond Noorda, American co-founder and long time CEO of Novell (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Enrico Banducci, American nightclub owner (b. 1922)
  • 2013 Stanley Kauffmann, American playwright (Red Handkerchief Man), dies at 97
  • 2013 Wilfried Martens, 44th Prime Minister of Belgium (1979-81, 1981-92), dies from pancreatic cancer at 77
  • 2013 Mark "Chopper" Read, Australian criminal and crime author (Chopper: From the Inside), dies from liver cancer at 58
  • 2014 Carolyn Ashley Kizer, American writer, dies from complications of dementia 89
  • 2015 Geoffrey Howe, British politician (Chancellor and Foreign Secretary under Thatcher), dies at 88
  • 2015 Richard F. Heck, American chemist who discovered the Heck Reaction (Nobel Prize 2010), dies at 84
  • 2016 Anthony Grant, British MP (C), dies at 91
  • 2017 Hervé Leroux, French fashion designer and founder of Hervé Léger fashion house, dies from a ruptured aneurysm at 60
  • 2018 Thomas A. Steitz, American Biochemist (2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for ribosome discoveries), dies at 78