On This Day

On This Day in History for September 11

Events in History

  • 9 The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends
  • 813 Charles the Great crowns Louis I Emperor
  • 910 Benedictine abbey of Cluny founded by William, Duke of Aquitaine, in Burgundy, France, one of the greatest monasteries of Western Europe
  • 1185 Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1226 The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1297 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the English

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1304 Willem III becomes earl of Holland
  • 1390 Lithuanian Civil War (1389-1392): the Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1503 Michelangelo begins sculpting the 12 Apostles for the Cathedral of Florence, over-life-sized marble statues of which only 1 was partly finished, that of St. Matthew

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
  • 1541 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko
  • 1557 Catholic & Lutheran theology debated in Worms
  • 1609 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
  • 1645 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Bristol
  • 1648 -13] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [OS]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1649 Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland - Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1697 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1708 Great Northern war: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII
  • 1709 Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: English, Austrian and Dutch Great Alliance defeat France
  • 1714 French & Spanish troops under Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
  • 1741 Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament
  • 1758 Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years' War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1773 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski
First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1786 Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of the US Treasury

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
  • 1792 The French Blue gem (later the Hope Diamond) is stolen with other French crown jewels from Royal storehouse in Paris during Reign of Terror
  • 1802 France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont.
  • 1814 Begun on the 6th Sept, Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh during War of 1812
  • 1814 Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
  • 1839 1st Canadian track & field meet held (Caer Howell Grounds)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 1st singing of Stephen Foster's "Susanna" (in Pittsburgh)

Father of American Music Stephen Foster
Father of American Music
Stephen Foster
  • 1852 Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia River
  • 1853 1st electric telegraph used - Merchant's Exchange, San Francisco to Pt Lobos, California
  • 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
  • 1877 Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • 1881 Triple landslides bury Elm, Switzerland
  • 1883 James Cutler patents postal mail chute
  • 1885 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 Ambrose Bierce finishes as editor of The Wasp magazine

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • 1888 Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
  • 1891 The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
  • 1893 Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • 1893 Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • 1893 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held in Chicago, Indian monk Swani Vivekananda gives influential speech

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger
  • 1903 The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1909 Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
  • 1914 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • 1916 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • 1916 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men
  • 1919 US Marines again send troops to Honduras
  • 1921 Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled.
  • 1922 British mandate of Palestine begins
  • 1922 The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
  • 1922 One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia's predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
  • 1923 ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
  • 1926 Aloha Tower dedicated in Honolulu
  • 1926 Spain leaves League of Nation due to Germany joining
  • 1927 After losing 21 in a row to NY, the Browns win their last meeting, 6-2
  • 1929 SF Mayor Rolph inaugurates new pedestrian traffic light system
  • 1930 Stromboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles

MurderMurder of Interest

1931 Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.

  • 1932 Franciszek Żwirko and Stanisław Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed in a plane crash when their RWD 6 crashes into the ground during a storm.
  • 1939 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939 British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley
  • 1939 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1940 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940 54th US Postmaster General: Frank C Walker of Pa takes office
  • 1940 Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler begins operation Seelöwe (Sealion - aborted invasion England)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 FDR orders US Navy that any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Charles Lindbergh, claims the "British, Jewish and Roosevelt administration" are trying to get the US into World War II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Construction of the Pentagon begins in Arlington County, Virginia (completed Jan 15, 1943). Designed by architect George Bergstrom and built by contractor John McShain, construction was overseen by Leslie Groves.

US Army Engineer and WWII General Leslie Groves
US Army Engineer and WWII General
Leslie Groves
  • 1942 Transport #31 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1942 Enid Blyton publishes "Five on a Treasure Island" first of her "Famous Five" children's novels, start of one of the best-selling children's series ever with over 100 million sold

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton
  • 1943 Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy
  • 1943 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • 1943 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island / Rapa Nui
  • 1943 US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
  • 1944 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1945 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
  • 1946 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
  • 1950 1st typesetting machine to dispense with metal type exhibited
  • 1950 33 die in a train crash in Coshocton Ohio

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1952 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signs a reparation pact for the Jewish people

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1954 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
  • 1955 Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple.
  • 1956 Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1959 Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans
  • 1960 The Young Americans for Freedom, meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr., promulgate the Sharon Statement.
  • 1961 Hurricane Carla strikes near Port O'Connor, Texas with winds of 175 mph
  • 1961 Founding of the World Wildlife Fund in Morges, Switzerland
  • 1963 Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
  • 1965 The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam.
  • 1966 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll

Birthdays in History

  • 1182 Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun, born in Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan (d. 1204)
  • 1458 Bernardo Accolti [Unico Aretino], Italian writer (Virginia), born in Arezzo, Italy (d. 1535)
  • 1476 Louise of Savoy, French mother of King Francois I, born in Pont-d'Ain, France (d. 1531)
  • 1522 Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist and naturalist, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1605)
  • 1523 Pierre de Ronsard, French poet, born in Couture-sur-Loir, Vendômois (d. 1585)
  • 1525 Johan Georg, Elector of Brandenburg (1571-91), born in Cölln, Germany (d. 1598)
  • 1584 Thomas Erpenius [van Erpe], Dutch orientalist and Arabist (grammar), born in Gorinchem, Netherlands (d. 1624)
  • 1611 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France, born in Château de Sedan, Sedan, France (d. 1675)
  • 1681 Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist, born in Eisenberg, Germany (d. 1741)
  • 1700 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule Britannia), born in Ednam, Scotland (d. 1748)
  • 1723 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1790)
  • 1741 Johann Jakob Engel, German author (Herr Lorenz Stark), born in Parchim, Germany (d. 1802)
  • 1762 Joanna Baillie, Scottish poet and playwright, born in Bothwell, Scotland (d. 1851)
  • 1771 Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (first westerner to travel the central Niger River in Africa), born in Selkirkshire, Scotland (d. 1806)
  • 1798 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, born in Joachimsthal, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1800 Daniel S. Dickinson, New York senator, born in Goshen, Connecticut (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), born in Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1838) [OS 30 Sep]
  • 1806 Joshua Blackwood Howell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Woodbury, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • 1813 Conrad Feger Jackson, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Alsace Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • 1816 Carl Zeiss, German scientific instrument and lens maker (Carl Zeiss AG), born in Weimar, German Confederation (d. 1888)
  • 1821 Erastus Flaval Beadle, American publisher (Beadle's Dime Novels), born in Oswego County, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1835 William Wirt Allen, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1836 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • 1838 John Ireland, Irish-American archbishop of St Paul (1888-1918), born in Burnchurch, Ireland (d. 1918)
  • 1859 Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian Realist writer (Pavao Šegota), born in Senj, Croatia (d. 1905)
  • 1861 Juhani Aho, Finnish journalist and writer (Panu, Tuomio), born in Lapinlahti, Finland (d. 1921)

Person of interestO. Henry

1862 O. Henry [William Sydney Porter], American short story writer (Cabbages and Kings), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 1910)

Short Story Writer O. Henry
Short Story Writer
O. Henry
  • 1862 Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, British army officer, born in Wrotham Park, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1935)
  • 1862 Hawley Harvey Crippen [Dr Crippen], American homeopath and first killer to be caught with the aid of wireless telegraphy, born in Coldwater, Michigan (d. 1910)
  • 1865 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, born in Dunava parish, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • 1877 Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Ivyanets, Lithuania, Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB)
  • 1877 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • 1883 Grigory Zinoviev [Hirsch Apfelbaum], Russian revolutionary, born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1936)

Person of interestD. H. Lawrence

1885 D. H. Lawrence, English poet and writer (Lady Chatterley's Lover), born in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire (d. 1930)

  • 1891 William Thomas Walsh, American author (Isabella of Spain), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1949)
  • 1900 D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman, born in Royston, Georgia (d. 1999)
  • 1903 Theodor W. Adorno, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Frankfurt (d. 1969)
  • 1906 Roye England, creator and founder President of the Pendon Museum of Miniature Landscape and Transport, born in Perth, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Everhardus Jacobus van Romondt, Dutch Antillean minister, born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 1960)
  • 1909 William Natcher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky 1953-94), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky (d. 1994)

Person of interestFerdinand Marcos

1917 Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (1965-86), born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Philippines (d. 1989)

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1917 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author (American Way of Death), activist and one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator who led 4th Fighter Group during World War II, born in Fairport Harbor, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1922 Charles Evers, American civil rights leader (1st Black mayor in Mississippi since Reconstruction), born in Decatur, Mississippi (d. 2020)
  • 1924 Daniel Akaka, American educator and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Hawaii), born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 2018)
  • 1924 Rudolf Vrba, Slovak-Jewish biochemist and Holocaust survivor, born in Topoľčany, Czechoslovakia (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Gerrit van Niekerk Viljoen, South African minister of Legislation, born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1927 G. David Schine, American businessman, born in Gloversville, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Reubin Askew, American politician (37th Governor of Florida), born in Muskogee, Oklahoma (d. 2014)
  • 1929 David S. Broder, American journalist (Pulitzer 1973), born in Chicago Heights, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1931 Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian, born in Freudenberg, Germany (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Sonny [Herbert Leon] Callahan, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama), born in Mobile, Alabama

Person of interestBob Packwood

1932 Bob Packwood, American attorney and politician (U.S. Senator from Oregon, 1969-95), born in Portland, Oregon

US Senator Bob Packwood
US Senator
Bob Packwood
  • 1933 William Luther Pierce, American author and activist, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2002)
  • 1935 Gherman Stepanovich Titov, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok II), born in Kosikhinsky District, Russia (d. 2000)
  • 1937 Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Italian princess and Queen of Belgium (1993-2013), born in Villa Claudia, Forte dei Marmi, Italy
  • 1937 Robert Crippen, American astronaut (STS 1, 7, 41C, 41G), born in Beaumont, Texas
  • 1939 Charles Geschke, American inventor and businessman (Adobe Systems Inc.), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1940 Theodore Olson, 42nd Solicitor General of the United States, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1940 Robert Palmer, American businessman and last CEO of Digital Equipment Corporation
  • 1940 Tom Gallagher, American diplomat, gay activist, and 1st Foreign Service officer to publicly come out in 1976, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1943 Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist (founding member of the Front de libération du Québec)
  • 1944 Freddy Thielemans, Belgian socialist politician (Mayor of Brussels), born in Laeken, Belgium
  • 1951 Richard D. Gill, British-Dutch mathematician, born in Redhill, Surrey
  • 1953 Jani Allan, South African journalist and media personality, born in London
  • 1961 Philip Ardagh, English children's books author (Eddie Dickens series), born in Kent, England
  • 1962 Filip Dewinter, Belgian politician (Vlaams Belang), born in Bruges, Belgium

Person of interestBashar al-Assad

1965 Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria (2000-present), born in Damascus, Syria

President of Syria Bashar al-Assad
President of Syria
Bashar al-Assad
  • 1966 Princess Akishino, Japanese Imperial Family, born in Suruga-ku, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 1967 Maria Bartiromo, American financial broadcast journalist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1968 Paul Mayeda Berges, American film writer and director, born in Torrance, California
  • 1971 Markos Moulitsas, American blogger and author (Daily Kos), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1979 Nathan Gale, American murderer (Heavy metal Pantera's concert murder), born in Marysville, Ohio (d. 2004)
  • 1981 Dylan Klebold, American Columbine High School Massacre co-perpetrator, born in Lakewood, Colorado (d. 1999)

Person of interestSviatlana Tsikhanouskaya

1982 Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, Belarusian human rights activist and politician who claimed victory in the disputed 2020 Belarusian presidential election, born in Mikashevichy, Byelorussian SSR, Soviet Union

Human Rights Activist and Politician Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya
Human Rights Activist and Politician
Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1930 Mystery writer Agatha Christie (39) weds archaeologist Max Mallowan (26)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie
  • 1941 Belgium King Leopold secretly marries Lilian Baels
  • 1983 Fashion designer Donna Karen marries Stephan Weiss

Divorces in History

  • 1977 TV's Rhoda gets divorced

Deaths in History

  • 1161 Queen Melisende of Jerusalem (b. 1105)
  • 1185 Stephanus Hagiochristophorites, Byzantine courtier
  • 1297 Hugh de Cressingham, English treasurer, dies in battle
  • 1298 Philip of Artois, French soldier (b. 1269)
  • 1349 Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (b. 1315)
  • 1570 Johannes Brenz, German theologist (Dutch Brentians), dies at 71
  • 1599 Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), murder at 35
  • 1599 Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for fratricide at 22
  • 1630 John de White, calvinist/banker to Prague, commits suicide
  • 1677 James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
  • 1680 Emperor Go-Mizunoo, 108th Emperor of Japan, dies at 84
  • 1680 Roger Crab, English Puritan political writer (b. 1621)
  • 1709 Oxenstiern, Dutch general, dies in the Battle of Malplaquet
  • 1709 Spaar, Dutch General, dies in the Battle of Malplaquet
  • 1712 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician, astronomer and engineer who discovered four of Saturn's moons, dies at 87
  • 1713 Johannes Voet, Dutch lawyer, dies at 65
  • 1713 John Foot, lawyer, dies at 65
  • 1721 Rudolph J Camerarius, German physician (sexuality plans), dies
  • 1760 Louis Godin, French astronomer (b. 1704)
  • 1823 David Ricardo, English economist (On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation), dies at 51
  • 1840 Johannes Hendricus van der Palm, Dutch theologist and Minister of Education, dies at 77
  • 1843 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, died at 57
  • 1851 Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist and minister (Graham cracker) (b. 1794)
  • 1865 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general, dies at 59
  • 1870 Eugenio Lucas y Padilla, Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • 1888 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), dies at 77
  • 1891 Antero Tarquínio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice), dies at 49
  • 1896 Francis James Child, American ballad collector (b. 1825)
  • 1911 Louis Henri Boussenard, French novelist (b. 1847)
  • 1911 William R Boggs, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and chief of engineers, dies at 82
  • 1915 William Sprague IV, American politician and Governor of Rhode Island (1859-63), dies at 84
  • 1915 William Cornelius Van Horne, American-Canadian railway executive (Canadian Pacific Railway), dies at 72
  • 1917 Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot, dies at 22
  • 1921 Subramania Bharati, Indian poet and independence activist, dies at 38
  • 1931 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, dies at 63
  • 1932 Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish pilots (Żwirko b. 1895 Wigura b. 1901)
  • 1946 Arthur van Schendel, writer (Holland Drama), dies at 72)

Person of interestMohammed Ali Jinnah

1948 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), dies of tuberculous at 71

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
  • 1950 John C Smuts, co-found British RAF/South African PM (1919..48), dies at 80

Person of interestBilly Bishop

1956 Billy Bishop, Canadian First World War flying ace, dies at 62

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1958 Robert W. Service, English-Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee), dies at 84
  • 1958 Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician and Mayor of Montreal, dies at 69
  • 1965 Ralph C. Smedley, Founder of Toastmasters International (b. 1878)
  • 1966 Collett E. Woolman, American airline founder (Delta Air Service), dies at 76
  • 1967 Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist, dies at 62
  • 1968 René Cogny, French General (b. 1904)
  • 1970 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), dies at 84

Person of interestNikita Khrushchev

1971 Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet premier, dies of a heart attack at 77

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev

Person of interestSalvador Allende

1973 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, commits suspected suicide by shooting himself during a military coup at 65

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1973 Neem Karoli Baba, Indian guru
  • 1974 Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1978 Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (b. 1929)
  • 1978 Janet Parker, English medical photographer, the last person to die of smallpox, dies at 40
  • 1982 Albert Soboult, French historian, dies at 68
  • 1982 Wifredo Lam, Cuban artist (The Jungle), dies at 79
  • 1984 Jerry Voorhis, American politician (b. 1901)
  • 1985 Andrew C. Thornton II, American drug smuggler (b. 1945)
  • 1987 Mahadevi Varma, Indian poet and freedom fighter, dies at 80
  • 1988 George Alpert, railroad executive, dies at 90
  • 1988 Luis Alvarez, American physicist (subatomic particles, Nobel 1968), dies of cancer at 77
  • 1988 Roger Hargreaves, English author and illustrator of children's books (Mr. Men and Little Miss), dies of a stroke at 53
  • 1990 Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist (b. 1949)
  • 1991 Ernst Herbeck, German Poet (b. 1920)
  • 1992 Erik Terpstra, director (Versier de leegte, De ander, Daniel), dies
  • 1992 Paul Storken, Dutch priest (Away Backing), dies
  • 1993 Antoine Izmery, Haitian businessman/advisor to pres Aristide, murdered
  • 1994 Frederick R. Weisman, philanthropist, dies at 82
  • 1994 Sara Taylor, mother of Elizabeth, dies at 62
  • 1995 Jerome Theisen, American Abbot Primate of the Benedictine order of monks, dies of a heart attack at 64
  • 1995 Anita Harding, neurologist (b. 1952)
  • 1997 Camille Henry, National Hockey League player (b. 1933)
  • 1997 Hannah Weiner, American experimental poet, dies at 68
  • 1998 Frank Ereaut, Bailiff of Jersey (1975-85), dies at 79
  • 1999 Belkis Ayón, Cuban printmaker (collography), commits suicide of at 32
  • 2001 Alice Stewart Trillin, American author (b. 1938)
  • 2001 Marwan Al-Shehhi, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1978)
  • 2001 Mohamed Atta, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1968)

Person of interestTodd Beamer

2001 Todd Beamer, American passenger and hero on United Airlines Flight 93, dies at 32 in a plane crash trying to stop the 9/11 terrorists

Passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 Todd Beamer
Passenger on United Airlines Flight 93
Todd Beamer
  • 2001 Mark Bingham, passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 (b. 1970)
  • 2001 Tom Burnett, American businessman (b. 1963)
  • 2001 Peter J. Ganci, Jr., Chief of Department, FDNY (b. 1946)
  • 2001 Hani Hanjour, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1972)
  • 2001 Ziad Jarrah, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1975)
  • 2001 Father Mychal F. Judge, Chaplain, FDNY (b. 1933)
  • 2001 Angel L. Juarbe, Jr., American firefighter (b. 1966)
  • 2001 John P. O'Neill, American anti-terrorism FBI agent (b. 1952)
  • 2001 John Ogonowski, pilot for American Airlines Flight 11 (b. 1951)
  • 2001 Barbara Olson, American political commentator (b. 1955)
  • 2001 Daniel M. Lewin, founder of Akamai Technologies (b. 1970)
  • 2001 Henry Herbert, 7th earl of Carnarvon, English peer and racing manager to the Queen, dies at 77
  • 2003 Anna Lindh, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1957)
  • 2004 Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria, Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, dies at 55
  • 2004 David Mann, U.S. artist (b. 1939)
  • 2006 William Auld, Scottish poet, writer and supporter of Esperanto (b. 1924)

Person of interestJoachim Fest

2006 Joachim Fest, German historian and journalist (Hitler biography, Speer: The Final Verdict), dies at 79

Historian and Journalist Joachim Fest
Historian and Journalist
Joachim Fest
  • 2006 Johannes Bob van Benthem, Dutch lawyer (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Gene Savoy, American author and cleric (b. 1927)
  • 2009 Gertrude Baines, American supercentenarian and the world's oldest living person, dies at 115
  • 2011 Anjali Gupta, Indian Air Force officer (b. 1975)
  • 2015 Marcel Zeeuw, Surinamese soldier (coup 1982), dies at 61