On This Day

On This Day in History for September 12

Events in History

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

490 BC Traditional date of the Battle of Marathon, where a small Athenian force defeats the Persian Empire

Hero of Athens Pheidippides
Hero of Athens
  • 1015 Henry I becomes Count of Leuven
  • 1213 Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
  • 1217 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1229 Aragonese army led by James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, to conquer the island
  • 1396 Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1543 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1556 Emperor Charles abdicates in favour of his brother Ferdinand I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1624 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1635 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1639 Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
  • 1662 John Flamsteed sees partial solar eclipse, stirs his interest in astronomy
  • 1673 Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
  • 1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1695 New York Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
  • 1703 Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage

  • 1703 English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1720 Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
  • 1722 Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent in Persia
  • 1733 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1751 Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 Giacomo Casanova is sentenced to 5 years imprisonment in Venice without trial for affront to religion and common decency

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1758 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue
  • 1759 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale

USABill of Rights

1787 American statesman George Mason suggests the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution modeled on previous state declarations, but the motion is defeated

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The bill of rights as it was created on September 25, 1789
The bill of rights as it was created on September 25, 1789
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Book releaseHistoric Publication

1789 Jean-Paul Marat publishes the first issue of his radical newspaper Le Publiciste parisien, later called L'Ami du peuple (The Friend of the People) in Paris

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat

Mutiny On The BountyMutiny On The Bounty

1792 Court martial begins for instigators of the mutiny on the Bounty on board HMS Duke in Portsmouth harbour, presided over by Vice-Admiral Samuel Hood

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Captain Bligh (Trevor Howard) faces mutineer Fletcher Christian (Marlon Brando) in the 1962 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film Mutiny On The Bounty
Captain Bligh (Trevor Howard) faces mutineer Fletcher Christian (Marlon Brando) in the 1962 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film Mutiny On The Bounty
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  • 1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • 1829 Greek War of Independence ends after 8 years and 6 months
  • 1847 Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • 1848 Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • 1857 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • 1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
  • 1867 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • 1874 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.

  • 1876 King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • 1878 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1882 Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1897 Battle of Saragarhi: Thousands of Orakzai and Afridi tribesmen overwhelm and kill at great cost to themselves 21 British Raj Sikh Soldiers led by Havildar Ishar Singh at Tirah, North-West Frontier Province, British India
  • 1901 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • 1906 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1908 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • 1909 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • 1910 United States' 1st known female cop appointed, Alice Stebbins Wells by LAPD
  • 1912 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • 1918 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • 1919 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1919 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1928 -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000
  • 1932 Bkln Dodger Johnny Frederick hits his record 6th pinch hit HR
  • 1932 German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
  • 1933 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 1933 Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction

Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd
  • 1934 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1938 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 1940 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
  • 1940 Italian troops enter Egypt

Dog Unearths Cave of AntiquityDog Unearths Cave of Antiquity

1940 Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the Lascaux Cave Paintings

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Marcel Ravidat, second from left in beret, with his friends at the cave entrance in 1940
Marcel Ravidat, second from left in beret, with his friends at the cave entrance in 1940
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  • 1941 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • 1943 Free French lands on Corsica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1944 Second Quebec Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and the Combined Chiefs of Staff meet in Quebec City, Canada to discuss Allied occupation zones, the Morgenthau Plan, U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain and the role of the Royal Navy

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Noorbeek becomes the first liberated community in the Netherlands during World War II
  • 1944 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • 1946 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • 1947 Pirate Ralph Kiner hits his record 8th HR in 4 games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Indian Army Invades the State of Hyderabad a day after Pakistani leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah passes away

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1949 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1950 Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
  • 1956 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1957 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits US

USALittle Rock Crisis

1958 US Supreme Court orders the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas to integrate

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The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
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  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Jack Kilby demonstrates his first integrated circuit (IC) to his supervisor

Engineer Jack Kilby
Jack Kilby
  • 1959 Janos Kádár becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on the Moon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1964 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6
  • 1964 Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park.
  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75
  • 1966 Gemini XI with Charles "Pete" Conrad and Richard F. Gordon aboard launched for 71-hour flight
  • 1966 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor Mich begins teaching
  • 1968 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1970 Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna 16 launched to the moon
  • 1970 Supersonic airliner Concorde lands for the 1st time at Heathrow airport
  • 1970 US LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from California jail
  • 1970 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1973 2 bettors win largest US Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

BattleCoup d'état

1974 Coup overthrows Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie on Ethiopia's national day

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1974 Jeff "Skunk" Baxter joins Doobie Brothers

Birthdays in History

  • 1492 Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1519)

Person of interestFrancis I of France

1494 King Francis I of France (1515-47), born in Cognac, France (d. 1547)

  • 1559 Lodovico Cardi da Cigoli, Italian painter and architect, born in Tuscany, Italy (d. 1613)

Person of interestHenry Hudson

1575 Henry Hudson, English navigator and explorer (Hudson River), born in England (d. 1611)

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
  • 1605 William Dugdale, English antiquarian and Garter King of Arms (1677-86), born in Shustoke, Warwickshire, England (d. 1686)
  • 1688 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor and carver of the Baroque era, born in Chomutov, Czech Republic (d. 1731)
  • 1690 Peter Dens, Flemish Catholic theologian, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1775)
  • 1720 Frederick Philipse III, American land owner (Bronx, Westchester & Putnam), born in NYC, New York (d. 1785)
  • 1725 Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer, born in Coutances, France (d. 1792)
  • 1740 Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (Heinrich Stillings Leben), born in Hilchenbach, Germany (d. 1817)
  • 1788 Alexander Campbell, Irish-American clergyman and Founder of Disciples of Christ, born in Ballymena, County Antrim, Ireland (d. 1866)
  • 1801 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing teacher, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1861)
  • 1806 Andrew Hull Foote, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1863)
  • 1811 James Hall, American geologist and paleontologist (Natural history of NY), born in Hingham, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • 1812 Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1818 Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor (hand-cranked machine gun), born in Hertford County, North Carolina (d. 1903)
  • 1829 Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, born in Speyer, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1829 Charles Dudley Warner, American novelist (Being a Boy), born in Plainfield, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • 1830 William Sprague IV, American politician and Governor of Rhode Island (1859-63), born in Cranston, Rhode Island (d. 1915)

Person of interestH. H. Asquith

1852 H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), born in Morley, England (d. 1928)

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1855 Jacobus of Looy, Dutch writer and painter (Death of My Cat), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • 1855 Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian politician and 12th Premier of Quebec (1900-05), born in Beauport, Quebec City (d. 1920)
  • 1857 George H. Breitner, Dutch impressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1858 Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter and sculptor, born in Grembergen, Dendermonde, Belgium (d. 1921)
  • 1871 Prince Friedrich Aloys Johannes Maria, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania, born in Arad, Romania (d. 1959)
  • 1879 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, born in Lugano, Switzerland (d. 1944)

Person of interestH. L. Mencken

1880 Henry Louis Mencken, American newspaperman and critic (Prejudices), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1956)

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • 1881 Daniel Jones, English phoneticist (English pronouncing dictionary), born in London (d. 1967)
  • 1891 Pedro Albizu Campos, Advocate for Puerto Rican independence, born in Ponce, Puerto Rico (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Alfred A Knopf, American publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal), born in NYC, New York (d. 1984)
  • 1896 Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Il Libro Dell'Alpe), born in Broglio, Switzerland (d. 1952)

Person of interestIrene Joliot-Curie

1897 Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist, (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935), born in Paris, France (d. 1956), daughter of Marie Curie

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1898 Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter (1964 Arts & Letters), born in Kaunas, Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • 1899 Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect and painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • 1902 Juscelino Kubitschek, President Brazil (1955-60), born in Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil (d. 1976)
  • 1907 Louis MacNeice, Irish poet and playwright, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • 1909 Donald MacDonald, Canadian politician and former president of the Canadian Labour Congress (1967-74), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1986)
  • 1913 Ben Polak, Dutch physician, communist and resistance fighter, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Kenneth Lo, cookery writer and restaurateur, born in Foochow, China (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst, born in Amroha, India (d. 1988)
  • 1917 Seamas NacNeill, Classical physicist and piper, born in Glasgow (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Pierre Sévigny, Canadian military officer and politician, born in Quebec, Canada (d. 2004)
  • 1920 Jan W. Schulte Nordholt, Dutch poet and historian (Blossoming Stone), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Stanislaw Lem, Polish sci-fi author (Solaris, Invincible), born in Lwów, Second Polish Republic (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Howard Curtis Nielson, American politician (Rep-R-UT, 1983-91), born in Richfield, Utah
  • 1927 Ina Muller-van Ast, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1931 Kristin Hunter, African-American author (God Bless the Child), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)
  • 1934 Gunther Gebel-Williams, animal trainer and lion tamer (Ringling Bros Circus), born in Świdnica, Poland (d. 2001)
  • 1934 Jaegwon Kim, Korean-born American philosopher, born in Daegu, South Korea
  • 1935 Allan B. Swift, American politician (Rep-D-Washington, 1979-95), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • 1935 Richard H Hunt, sculptor (Pyramidal Construction), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1939 Henry Waxman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1940 Roger K. Crouch, American astronaut (STS 83, 94), born in Jamestown, Tennessee
  • 1940 Stephen Solarz, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1943 Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-Canadian poet and writer, born in Colombo, Ceylon
  • 1944 Leonard Peltier, Native American activist (American Indian Movement), born in Grand Forks, North Dakota
  • 1945 Vern Lindblad, Turkologist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1945 Richard Thaler, American economist (nudge theory, Nobel Prize 2017), born in East Orange, New Jersey
  • 1951 Berty Ahern, Prime Minister of Ireland (1997-2008), born in Drumcondra, Dublin, Ireland
  • 1951 Gerald Stano, American serial killer (confessed to killing 41 people), born in Schenectady, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1953 Nancy "Nan" Goldin, American photographer (The Ballad of Sexual Dependency), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1954 Russell G. Alexander, creator of Today In History v1.2
  • 1954 Jeff Jarvis, American journalist (This Week in Google) and advocate for the Open Web
  • 1956 Sam Brownback, American attorney and politician (46th Governor of Kansas), born in Garnett, Kansas
  • 1969 James Frey, American writer (Bright Shiny Morning), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1972 Avijit Roy, Bangladeshi-American activist and blogger, born in Bangladesh (d. 2015)
  • 1973 Tarana Burke, American activist, founder of #MeToo, born in New York City
  • 1974 Caroline Aigle, French first woman fighter pilot in the French Air Force aged 25, born in Montauban, France (d. 2007)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1812 Revolutionary leader Jose de San Martin (33) weds María de los Remedios de Escalada at Buenos Aires Cathedral in Argentina

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín

LoveWedding of Interest

1846 Poet and playwright Robert Browning (34) weds fellow poet Elizabeth Barrett (40) at Marylebone Church in London

LoveWedding of Interest

1892 61st UK Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin (25) weds writer and activist Lucy Ridsdale (23) in Rottingdean, England

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin

LoveWedding of Interest

1908 Politician Winston Churchill marries Clementine Hozier

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

LoveWedding of Interest

1953 American Senator John F. Kennedy (36) weds Jacqueline Bouvier (24) in Newport, Rhode Island

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
US First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
US First Lady
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Deaths in History

  • 352 Maximinus van Trier, bishop of Trier/saint, dies
  • 413 Marcellinus of Carthage, Christian saint
  • 1012 Guido van Anderlecht, Flemish pilgrim/saint, dies
  • 1015 Lambert I with the Beard, Count of Leuven, dies in battle at about 65
  • 1185 Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine emperor (1183-85), lynched
  • 1213 Pedro II, [el Catolico], king of Aragon, dies in battle
  • 1362 Innocent VI, [Etienne Aubert], Pope (1352-62), dies
  • 1369 Blanche of Lancaster, wife of John of Gaunt, dies possibly of the plague at 24 (age disputed)
  • 1500 Albrecht III van Saxon-Meisen, duke of Saxon, dies at 57
  • 1591 Richard Grenville, vice-admiral (Roanoke) dies in battle at 49
  • 1604 Louis Gunther, earl of Nassau, dies in battle at about 29
  • 1612 Tsar Vasili IV of Russia (b. 1552)
  • 1642 Cinq Mars, French plotter, executed
  • 1647 Joos Banckert, Swiss admiral (Spanish silver fleet), dies at 48
  • 1660 Jacob Cats [Father Cats], Dutch grand pensionary and poet (Houwelyck), dies at 82
  • 1661 Jacobus de la Torra, RC apostole vicar of Holland, dies at about 53
  • 1665 Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer and historian (Acta Sanctorum), dies at 69
  • 1672 Tanneguy Lefebvre, French classical scholar (b. 1615)
  • 1674 Nicolaas Tulp, Mayor of Amsterdam (1654-71), dies at 80
  • 1683 Afonso VI, mentally ill King of Portugal (1656-67), dies at 40
  • 1691 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), dies at 44
  • 1695 Jacob Abendana, Spanish scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1732 Jean Philippe Eugène de Mérode, Belgian marquis of Westerloo, dies at 58
  • 1779 Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician, dies at 67
  • 1812 Pyotr I Bagration, Georgian/Russian ruler/general, dies in battle
  • 1819 Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian general (b. 1742)
  • 1824 Louis AG baron de Bacler d'Albe, French cartographer, dies at 62
  • 1836 Grabbe, writer, dies at 34
  • 1861 George N. Briggs, American lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 65
  • 1870 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), dies at 34
  • 1874 François Guizot, French historian and politician (17th Prime Minister of France), dies at 86
  • 1876 Henry A. Wise, American lawyer and politician (33rd Governor of Virginia), dies at 69
  • 1878 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
  • 1912 Pierre-Hector Cardinal Coullie, Cardinal-Archbishop of Lyon
  • 1918 George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
  • 1919 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), dies at 48
  • 1923 Jules Violle, French physicist and inventor, dies at 81
  • 1927 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist, dies at 61
  • 1927 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer, dies at 80
  • 1929 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, dies at 64
  • 1934 Catherine Breshkovsky, Babushka/Grandmother of Russian revolution, dies at 90
  • 1936 Hermann Hirt, German linguist (Indo-European Grammar), dies at 70
  • 1953 Hugo Schmeisser, German inventor and weapons designer, dies at 68
  • 1955 Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary (La Gazette), dies at 86
  • 1956 Hans Carossa, German writer, dies at 77
  • 1956 Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian nobleman and politician, dies at 74
  • 1961 Carl Hermann, German physicist, dies at 63
  • 1963 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), dies at 63
  • 1973 Marjorie Post, US philanthropic/multi-millionaire ($200m), dies at 86
  • 1977 Robert Lowell, American poet/pacifist (Near the Ocean), dies at 60)
  • 1977 Steven Biko, South African anti-apartheid activist, dies in police custody at 30
  • 1981 Eugenio Montale, Italian poet and translator (Xenia-Nobel 1975), dies at 84
  • 1982 Karen Aabye, Danish author (Less bedstemor there jomfru), dies at 77
  • 1986 Jacques-Henri Lartigue, French photographer and painter, dies at 92
  • 1988 Alan Bible, American lawyer and politician (Sen-D-Nev, 1954-74), dies at 78
  • 1988 Lauris Morstad, NATO commander/CEO Corning Fiberglass, dies at 71
  • 1989 Anton Lubowski, Namibian attorney/SWAPO, murdered at 37
  • 1991 Jacques Benoit, [JJM Bayer], poet, dies
  • 1994 Boris Yegorov, Soviet physician and cosmonaut (Voskhod I), dies at 56
  • 1994 Douglas MacKenzie Davey, psychometrist, dies at 72
  • 1995 John Stuart-Jervis, balloonist, dies
  • 1996 Ernesto Geisel, 29th President of Brazil (1974-79), dies at 89
  • 1996 Geoffrey Bryan Bentley, Canon of Windsor and moral theologian, dies at 87
  • 1996 James Gulliver, Scottish businessman (Argyll Foods), dies at 66
  • 1996 Lloyd Turner, journalist (Daily Express), dies at 57
  • 1996 Oscar Michael Moore, journalist, dies at 36
  • 1996 Richard Maling Barrer, chemist, dies at 86
  • 1996 Ricardo López, Uruguayan-born American stalker of Björk, commits suicide aged 21
  • 1997 Janet Leach, American potter, dies at 79
  • 1997 Judith Merril [Grossman], sci-fi writer, dies at 74
  • 2008 Bob Quinn, Australian Football Hall of Fame rover (All Australian captain 1947; SA captain 1945-47; Magarey Medal 1938, 45; Port Adelaide FC), dies at 93
  • 2008 David Foster Wallace, American author and essayist (b. 1962)
  • 2009 Norman Borlaug, American agronomist (b. 1914)
  • 2009 Willy Ronis, French photographer (b. 1910)
  • 2011 Frits Castricum, Dutch journalist and politician (PvdA), dies at 64

Person of interestRay Dolby

2013 Ray Dolby, sound expert/inventor (Dolby noise limiting system), dies of leukemia at 80

Inventor Ray Dolby
Ray Dolby
  • 2013 Ray Milton Dolby , American engineer and inventor of the noise reduction system known as Dolby NR, dies of leukemia at 80
  • 2014 Donald Sinden, English actor, dies from prostate cancer at 90

Person of interestIan Paisley

2014 Ian Paisley, First Minister of Northern Ireland (Democratic Unionist Party: 2007-08), loyalist politician and Protestant religious leader, dies at 88

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley
  • 2015 Max Beauvoir, Haiti Chief Voodoo Priest, dies at 79
  • 2015 Frank D. Gilroy, American writer (Subject Was Roses), dies at 89
  • 2017 Edith Windsor [née Schlain], American LGBT rights activist (lead plaintiff in United States v. Windsor), dies at 88
  • 2020 Terence Conran, English designer and restaurateur (Habitat), dies at 88