On This Day

On This Day in History for September 13

Events in History

  • 509 BC The temple of Jupiter on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September

Event of interestEvent of Interest

122 Building begins on Hadrian's Wall, Northern England

Roman Emperor Hadrian
Roman Emperor
  • 335 Church of Holy Sepulchre consecrated in Jerusalem
  • 533 General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa
  • 604 Sabinian begins his reign as Pope replacing Pope Gregory the Great
  • 1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg crowned as German king Lotharius III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1224 Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata after a vision praying on Mount Verna

Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1440 Gilles de Rais is finally taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes.
  • 1500 Predro Álvares Cabral and his Portuguese expedition arrive in Calicut, India

ItalyThe Statue of David

1501 Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David, a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture

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A masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture, The Statue of David completed by Michelangelo in 1504
A masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture, The Statue of David completed by Michelangelo in 1504
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  • 1504 Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of a Royal Chapel (Capilla Real) to be built.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1515 -14] Battle at Marignano: France beats Habsburgers & Pope Leo X

Pope Leo X
Leo X
  • 1549 Pope Paul III signs Council of Bologna
  • 1553 English bishop Hugh Latimer arrested

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556 Charles V & Maria of Hungary march into Spain

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1574 Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis

  • 1579 Breda forms Union of Utrecht
  • 1625 16 Rabbis (including Isiah Horowitz) are imprisoned in Jerusalem
  • 1631 Admiral Tholen conquers 30+ Spanish frigates
  • 1663 1st serious slave conspiracy in colonial America (Virginia)
  • 1743 Great Britain, Austria and Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • 1751 Britain signs Austrian & Russian alliance
  • 1759 British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • 1775 Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main
  • 1787 Prussian army moves into Netherlands
  • 1789 1st loan to US government (from NYC banks)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1800 Curacao in British hands (until Jan 1803)
  • 1808 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.

InventionScientific Discovery

1845 English chemist Michael Faraday discovers the 'Faraday effect', the influence of a magnetic field on polarized light

Scientist and Inventor Michael Faraday
Scientist and Inventor
Michael Faraday
  • 1847 American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • 1849 1st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)
  • 1850 The main-belt asteroid "12 Victoria" is discovered by J R Hind
  • 1858 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1861 1st naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate "Colorado" sinks privateer "Judah" off Pensacola, Fla
  • 1867 Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors

  • 1869 Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • 1881 America Lewis Howard Latimer invents and patents electric lamp with a carbon filament
  • 1882 Battle at Count el-Kebir: British troops invade Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists hoist the Union Jack in Mashonaland & Salisbury

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1898 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
  • 1899 Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m - 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
  • 1900 Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine–American War.
  • 1906 1st airplane flight in Europe
  • 1907 Lusitania arrives in New York City after record 5 day crossing of Atlantic
  • 1918 Train accident at Weesp Neth, kills 42
  • 1919 Guy Bolton & George Middleton's "Adam & Eve," premieres in NYC
  • 1922 World record temperature of 136.4°F (58°C) in El Aziziyah, Libya, in the shade (invalidated 2012 by the World Meteorological Organization)
  • 1922 The Straw Hat Riot begins in New York City as people protest the right to wear straw hats beyond the accepted end date of September 15
  • 1923 With Spain's king Alfonso XIII assist, army coup under de Rivera
  • 1925 1st US University for African American, Xavier University, opens in New Orleans
  • 1928 KOH-AM in Reno NV begins radio transmissions
  • 1931 Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • 1931 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • 1933 Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first New Zealand woman Member of Parliament
  • 1935 Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway

MurderMurder of Interest

1936 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner

  • 1940 Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940 Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attack Egypt
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge (2nd Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German forces attack Stalingrad
  • 1943 German counter attack at Salerno
  • 1943 The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe.
  • 1944 Great Atlantic hurricane reaches peak intensity as a Category 4 storm, goes on to kill 300-400 along the US East Coast
  • 1944 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • 1944 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Amon Göth removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth
  • 1948 Margaret Chase Smith (R-Me) elected senator, 1st woman to serve in both houses of Congress
  • 1952 Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez elected president of Mexico
  • 1954 Reds Ted Kluszewski scores a run in record 17 consecutive games
  • 1955 Swiss inventor George de Mestral is granted a patent for what would become known as Velcro
  • 1956 Dike around Dutch polder Eastern Flevoland closes
  • 1956 Stravinsky's "Canticum Sacrum," premieres in Venice
  • 1958 Queen Juliana christens passenger ship Rotterdam
  • 1959 USSR's Luna 2 becomes 1st probe to contact another celestial body

  • 1961 Battles between UN & Katanga troops in Congo
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1961 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 3rd sitting of 2nd Vatican council opens in Rome
  • 1964 St Louis is 1st NL to score runs in every game since 1923, win 15-2
  • 1965 Today Show's 1st totally color broadcast
  • 1966 Johannes Balthazar Vorster sworn in as premier of South Africa
  • 1968 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1970 IBM announces System 370 computer
  • 1970 Palestine guerillas conquer Irbid Jordania
  • 1971 11 guards & 31 prisoners die in take over at Attica State Prison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet premier, buried in Moscow

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1971 World Hockey Association forms
  • 1971 Two North Ireland Loyalists are mortally injured when the bomb they were preparing exploded prematurely in a house in Bann Street, Belfast
  • 1973 Congress passes & sends a bill to Nixon to lift football's blackout
  • 1973 Syrian/Israeli dogfight over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1974 -17] 3 Japanese kidnap French ambassador in Hague
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1974 OPEC instructs its Secretary General to "carry out a study of supply and demand in relation to possible production controls"
  • 1975 -27] Hurricane Eloise, kills 71 in the Caribbean & US
  • 1977 1st TV viewer discretion warning-Soap
  • 1977 2nd Test flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise

Birthdays in History

  • 1087 John II Komnenos, Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (1118-43), born in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire (d. 1143)
  • 1157 Alexander Neckam, English theologist and encyclopedist, born in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1217)
  • 1475 Cesare Borgia, Duke of Valentinois, Italian aristocrat, born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1507)
  • 1502 John Leland, English poet and antiquarian, born in London (d. 1552)
  • 1520 William Cecil, 1st baron Burghley, English statesman, born in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1598)
  • 1604 William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician, born in Brereton Hall, Cheshire, England (d. 1661)

Person of interestDaniel Defoe

1660 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), born in London, England (d. 1731)

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • 1676 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine, born in Château de Saint-Cloud, France (d. 1744)
  • 1694 Yeongjo of Joseon, 21st king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty, born in Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon (d. 1776)
  • 1723 François Joseph Paul de Grasse, French admiral (commanded the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake), born in Le Bar-sur-Loup, France (d. 1788)
  • 1751 Henry Kobell, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1779)
  • 1755 Oliver Evans, American inventor who pioneered high-pressure steam engine, born in Newport, Delaware (d. 1819)
  • 1766 Samuel Wilson, American meat packer and possible namesake of Uncle Sam, born in Menotomy, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1854)

Person of interestLaura Secord

1775 Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts Bay (d. 1868)

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • 1802 Arnold Ruge, German political philosopher and writer, born in Bergen auf Rügen, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1806 Joseph L. Hogg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Morgan County, Georgia (d. 1862)
  • 1813 John Sedgwick, American Major General (Union Army), who is best remembered for his famous last words "they couldn't hit an elephant at this distance" before being shot in battle, born in Cornwall, Connecticut (d. 1864)
  • 1814 Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura) and theologian, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • 1817 John M. Palmer, American politician (U.S. Senator from Illinois) and American Civil War General (Union), born in Eagle Creek, Kentucky (d. 1900)
  • 1818 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Flibuste), born in Paris (d. 1883)
  • 1830 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (The Child of the Parish), born in Zdislavič, Moravia (d. 1916)
  • 1831 Andrew Noble, Scottish physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, born in Greenock (d. 1915)
  • 1836 John McCausland, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1927)
  • 1841 Johannes de Koo, Dutch journalist and playwright, born in Middelie, Netherlands (d. 1909)
  • 1842 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama, born in Moscow, Marion County, Alabama (d. 1920)
  • 1846 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1915)
  • 1851 Walter Reed, U.S. Army physician and bacteriologist who proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever, born in Belroi, Virginia (d. 1902)
  • 1853 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1881)

Person of interestMilton S. Hershey

1857 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company) and philanthropist, born in Derry Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1945)

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • 1857 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (Drzymała's wagon), born in Province of Posen, Poland (d. 1937)

Person of interestJohn J. Pershing

1860 John J. Pershing [Blackjack], American general and WWI commander, born in Laclede, Missouri (d. 1948)

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • 1862 Dirk Bos, Dutch Liberal 2nd Member of Parliament, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1916)
  • 1863 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1866 Adolf Meyer, American psychiatrist and neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene), born in Niederweningen, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • 1874 Henry F. Ashurst, American Democratic politician (U.S. Senator from Arizona), born in Winnemucca, Nevada (d. 1962)
  • 1876 Sherwood Anderson, American author and publisher (Winesburg Ohio), born in Camden, Ohio (d. 1941)
  • 1877 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer who led the German Antarctic expedition of 1911–12, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1877 Stanley Lord, Captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster, born in Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1962)
  • 1882 Ramón Grau, 6th and 10th President of Cuba, born in La Palma, Spanish Cuba (d. 1969)
  • 1885 Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian integral geometer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1962)
  • 1886 Alain LeRoy Locke, African-American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1954)
  • 1887 Leopold Ružička, Croatian-Swiss chemist (Nobel 1939), born in Vukovar, Croatia (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), born in Occitanie (d. 1960)
  • 1894 Anton Roosjen, Dutch politician and NCRV-chairman, born in Aalsmeer, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1894 J. B. Priestly, English novelist and scriptwriter (The Good Companions, An Inspector Calls), born in Bradford, United Kingdom
  • 1899 Anton Constandse, Dutch anarchist and writer, born in Brouwershaven, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • 1899 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), born in Huși, Vaslui County, Romania (d. 1938)
  • 1902 Leland Hayward, American producer (Mister Roberts, Spirit of St Louis), born in Nebraska City, Nebraska (d. 1971)
  • 1907 Victor Reinganum, English artist and illustrator, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Peter Wykeham, Royal Air Force fighter pilot, born in Kotra, Sandhurst, Berkshire (d. 1995)

Person of interestRoald Dahl

1916 Roald Dahl, British author (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The BFG), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1990)

Author Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
  • 1919 Mary Midgley, British-American philosopher (Animals and Why They Matter), born in London
  • 1919 George Weidenfeld, British publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Reninca [Renée Lauwers], Flemish author (Seed in the Wind), born in Puurs, Antwerp
  • 1923 Édouard Boubat, French photographer, born in Montmartre, Paris (d. 1999)
  • 1928 Ernest L. Boyer, American educator and chancellor (NY's State Universities-SUNY), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, English publisher and multi-millionaire (St Ives Group), born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1936 Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian neo-fascist activist, born in Caserta, Italy
  • 1938 Judith Martin, American author, journalist and columnist (Miss Manners), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1939 Larry Speakes, Acting White House Press Secretary under President Ronald Reagan, born in Cleveland, Mississippi (d. 2014)
  • 1939 Bill Janklow, American politician and four-term Governor of South Dakota (Republican: 1979-87, 1995-2003), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Óscar Arias Sánchez, 40th & 45th President of Costa Rica (Nobel Peace Prize 1987), born in Heredia, Costa Rica
  • 1941 Tadao Ando, Japanese self-taught architect, born in Osaka, Japan
  • 1941 Ahmet Necdet Sezer, Turkish politician (10th President of Turkey), born in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
  • 1942 Hissène Habré, Dictator of Chad (1982-90), born in Faya-Largeau
  • 1945 Andres Küng, Swedish-Estonian politician and journalist, born in Ockelbo, Gävleborg County, Sweden (d. 2002)
  • 1948 Dimitri Nanopoulos, Greek physicist, born in Athens, Greece
  • 1950 Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Polish politician (8th Prime Minister of Poland), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1950 Jeff Lowe, American mountain climber (co-founder Lowe Alpine), born in Ogden, Utah (d. 2018)
  • 1956 Alain Ducasse, French-born Monégasque chef, born in Orthez, France
  • 1956 Oribe Canales, Cuban American celebrity hairdresser, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2018)
  • 1957 John G. Trueschler, American politician (member of the Maryland House of Delegates), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1959 Ralph Northam, American politician, Governor of Virginia (2018-), born in Nassawadox, Virginia
  • 1961 Peter Roskam, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), born in Hinsdale, Illinois
  • 1962 Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian poet and author, born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • 1963 Theodoros Roussopoulos, Greek politician (Minister of State), born in Messinia, Greece
  • 1964 Simegnew Bekele, Ethiopian dam engineer (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam), born in Maksegnit, Ethiopia (d. 2018)
  • 1965 Annie Duke, American poker player, born in Concord, New Hampshire

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1975 Novelist Danielle Steel (28) weds Danny Zugelder in the prison canteen

Novelist Danielle Steel
Danielle Steel

Deaths in History

Person of interestTitus

81 Titus Flavius Vespasianus, emperor of Rome (69-81), dies of a fever at about 42

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
  • 1409 Isabella of Valois, former queen consort of Richard II of England, dies in childbirth at 19
  • 1506 Andrea Mantegna, Italian painter
  • 1557 John Cheke, English classical scholar and statesman (b. 1514)
  • 1592 Michel de Montaigne, French writer (b. 1533)
  • 1596 Pieter D Keyzer/Keyser, astronomer/navigator (Java)
  • 1598 Philip II, King of Spain (1556-98), dies at 71
  • 1632 Leopold V, Archduke of Austria, dies at 45
  • 1650 Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik/archbishop, dies at 72
  • 1657 Jacob van Campen, painter/architect (Amsterdam Townhall), dies at 62

Person of interestJames Wolfe

1759 James Wolfe, British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, dies in battle at 32

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1766 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar, dies at 62
  • 1803 John Barry, 1st American commodore, dies
  • 1806 Charles James Fox, English politician (b. 1749)
  • 1808 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian Jesuit writer, dies at 90
  • 1813 Hezqeyas of Ethiopia, deposed Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1847 Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal, dies at 81
  • 1848 María Isabella of Spain, Queen of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), dies at 59
  • 1872 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68

Person of interestAmbrose Burnside

1881 Ambrose Burnside, American soldier, industrialist and politician (Governor of Rhode Island, 1866-69) who popularized sideburns, dies of a heart attack at 57

Union General, Politician and Industrialist Ambrose Burnside
Union General, Politician and Industrialist
Ambrose Burnside
  • 1904 Kartini, Indonesian national heroine, dies at 25
  • 1905 René Goblet, French politician (41st Prime Minister of France), dies at 76
  • 1912 Maresuke Nogi, Japanese general (b. 1849)
  • 1915 Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
  • 1921 Italo Svevo, writer, dies at 59
  • 1921 Ludwig-Alexander von Battenberg [Mountbatten], admiral (WWI), dies at 67
  • 1928 Italo Svevo [Ettore Schmitz], Italian writer (Una Vita), dies at 66

Person of interestLili Elbe

1931 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), dies from complications involving a uterus transplant at 48

Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery Lili Elbe
Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery
Lili Elbe
  • 1932 Paul Gorguloff, murderer of French President Doumer, beheaded
  • 1937 Ellis Parker Butler, American author (Pigs is Pigs), dies at 67
  • 1938 Samuel Alexander, Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79
  • 1939 Eugene Foss, American politician (45th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 80
  • 1944 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, executed at Dachau at 30

BattleAmon Göth

1946 Amon Göth, Austrian SS commandant of the Płaszów concentration camp, executed by hanging at 37

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth
  • 1946 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, dies at 71

Person of interestAugust Krogh

1949 August Krogh, Danish zoophysiologist, dies at 75

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • 1959 Gilbert Adrian, costume designer, dies of heart attack at 56
  • 1965 Jean B. Fletcher, American architect (b. 1915)
  • 1967 Russell L. Rogers, American electrical engineer and astronaut (X-20), dies in explosion at 39
  • 1967 Varian Fry, American journalist and recognized as "Righteous Among the Nations", dies at 59
  • 1969 Charles Foulkes, Canada gen/honorary citizen of Wageningen, dies at 66
  • 1971 Lin Biao, Chinese Communist Marshal during the Civil War and party leader, dies in a plane crash at 63, possibly while fleeing from a botched coup against Mao
  • 1981 William Loeb, publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, dies at 75
  • 1989 Yamada Koun, Zen teacher Sanbo Kyodan line, dies at 82
  • 1990 Samuel S. Stratton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 73
  • 1992 Lou Jacobs, US clown (1966 US postage stamp), dies at 89
  • 1995 Francesco Messina, Italian sculptor, dies at 94
  • 1995 Walter Goetz, illustrator cartoonist/painter, dies at 83
  • 1996 Anthony Nicholas Maria Wahl, American historian, dies at 68
  • 1996 Cesar Mendoza, general of Military junta of Chile (1973-85), dies

Person of interestGeorge Wallace

1998 George Wallace, American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, dies of septic shock at 79

Governor of Alabama and Segregationist George Wallace
Governor of Alabama and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1999 Benjamin Bloom, American educational theorist (b. 1913)
  • 2002 Douglas Black, Scottish physician and medical scientist (played a key role in the development of the National Health Service), dies at 89
  • 2003 Frank O'Bannon, American politician (Governor of Indiana , 1997-2003), dies of a stroke at 73(
  • 2004 Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (b. 1925)
  • 2005 Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 Ann Richards, 46th Governor of Texas (b. 1933)
  • 2007 Whakahuihui Vercoe, New Zealand clergyman (b. 1928)
  • 2011 Walter Bonatti, Italian climber (b. 1930)
  • 2012 Peter Lougheed, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Alberta), dies at 84
  • 2017 Pete Domenici, American politician, U.S. Senator from New Mexico (1973-2009), dies at 85