On This Day in History for September 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 157

  • 509 BC The temple of Jupiter on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September

Event of interestEvent of Interest

122 Building begins on Hadrian's Wall, Northern England

Roman Emperor Hadrian
Roman Emperor
  • 335 Church of Holy Sepulchre consecrated in Jerusalem
  • 533 General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa.
  • 604 Sabinian begins his reign as Pope replacing Pope Gregory the Great
  • 1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg crowned as German king Lotharius III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1224 Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata after a vision praying on Mount Verna

Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1440 Gilles de Rais is finally taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes.
  • 1500 Predro Álvares Cabral and his Portuguese expedition arrive in Calicut, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1503 Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
  • 1504 Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of a Royal Chapel (Capilla Real) to be built.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1515 -14] Battle at Marignano: France beats Habsburgers & Pope Leo X

Pope Leo X
Leo X
  • 1549 Pope Paul III signs Council of Bologna
  • 1553 English bishop Hugh Latimer arrested

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1556 Charles V & Maria of Hungary march into Spain

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1574 Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • 1579 Breda forms Union of Utrecht
  • 1625 16 Rabbis (including Isiah Horowitz) are imprisoned in Jerusalem
  • 1631 Admiral Tholen conquers 30+ Spanish frigates
  • 1663 1st serious slave conspiracy in colonial America (Virginia)
  • 1743 Great Britain, Austria and Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • 1751 Britain signs Austrian & Russian alliance
  • 1759 British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • 1775 Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main
  • 1787 Prussian army moves into Netherlands
  • 1788 NY City becomes 1st capital of US
  • 1789 1st loan to US government (from NYC banks)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1800 Curacao in British hands (until Jan 1803)
  • 1808 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
  • 1847 American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • 1849 1st US prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)
  • 1858 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • 1861 1st naval battle of Civil War, Union frigate "Colorado" sinks privateer "Judah" off Pensacola, Fla
  • 1867 Gen E R S Canby orders SC courts to impanel blacks jurors
  • 1869 Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • 1881 America Lewis Howard Latimer invents and patents electric lamp with a carbon filament
  • 1882 Battle at Count el-Kebir: British troops invade Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists hoist the Union Jack in Mashonaland & Salisbury

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1898 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
  • 1898 Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
  • 1899 Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m - 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
  • 1900 Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War.
  • 1906 1st airplane flight in Europe
  • 1918 Train accident at Weesp Neth, kills 42
  • 1919 Guy Bolton & George Middleton's "Adam & Eve," premieres in NYC
  • 1922 136.4°F (58°C), El Aziziyah, Libya in shade (world record)
  • 1923 With Spain's king Alfonso XIII assist, army coup under de Rivera
  • 1925 1st US University for African American, Xavier University, opens in New Orleans
  • 1927 Yanks clinch pennant, Ruth hits 2 HRs (52 en route to 60)
  • 1927 Waite Hoyt became only 20 game winner of 1927 Yankees

  • 1928 KOH-AM in Reno NV begins radio transmissions

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1930 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 20,000m (1:04:38.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1931 Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
  • 1931 Right-radical coup of Dr Pfrimer fails in Austria
  • 1933 Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first New Zealand woman Member of Parliament
  • 1935 Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway
  • 1936 Cleve Bob Feller strikes out then record 17 in a game (vs Philadelphia A's)

MurderMurder of Interest

1936 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner

  • 1940 Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940 Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attack Egypt
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge (2nd Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German forces attack Stalingrad
  • 1943 German counter attack at Salerno
  • 1943 The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe.
  • 1944 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • 1944 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall
  • 1948 Margaret Chase Smith (R-Me) elected senator, 1st woman to serve in both houses of Congress
  • 1952 Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez elected president of Mexico
  • 1954 Reds Ted Kluszewski scores a run in record 17 consecutive games
  • 1955 Swiss inventor George de Mestral is granted a patent for what would become known as Velcro
  • 1956 Dike around Dutch polder Eastern Flevoland closes
  • 1956 Stravinsky's "Canticum Sacrum," premieres in Venice
  • 1956 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton
  • 1958 Queen Juliana christens passenger ship Rotterdam
  • 1959 USSR's Luna 2 becomes 1st probe to contact another celestial body
  • 1961 Battles between UN & Katanga troops in Congo
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1961 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1963 Jim Bouton's 20th win clinches Yanks 28th pennant
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 3rd sitting of 2nd Vatican council opens in Rome
  • 1964 St Louis is 1st NL to score runs in every game since 1923, win 15-2
  • 1965 Today Show's 1st totally color broadcast
  • 1966 Johannes Balthazar Vorster sworn in as premier of South Africa
  • 1968 Albania leaves Warsaw pact
  • 1970 IBM announces System 370 computer
  • 1970 Palestine guerillas conquer Irbid Jordania
  • 1971 11 guards & 31 prisoners die in take over at Attica State Prison
  • 1971 Frank Robinson hits his 500th HR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet premier, buried in Moscow

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1971 World Hockey Association forms
  • 1971 Two North Ireland Loyalists are mortally injured when the bomb they were preparing exploded prematurely in a house in Bann Street, Belfast
  • 1973 Congress passes & sends a bill to Nixon to lift football's blackout
  • 1973 Syrian/Israeli dogfight over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1974 -17] 3 Japanese kidnap French ambassador in Hague
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1974 OPEC instructs its Secretary General to "carry out a study of supply and demand in relation to possible production controls"

Birthdays in History

  • 1087 John II Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1143)
  • 1157 Alexander Neckum/de Sancto Albano, English theologist/encyclopedist
  • 1475 Cesare Borgia, Italian aristocrat (d. 1507)
  • 1502 John Leland, English antiquarian (d. 1552)
  • 1520 William Cecil 1st baron Burghley, English premier
  • 1604 William Brereton, English soldier and politician (d. 1661)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1660 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), born in London, England

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • 1676 Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • 1694 Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1776)
  • 1723 François Joseph Paul de Grasse, French admiral (commanded the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake), born in Le Bar-sur-Loup, France (d. 1788)
  • 1751 Henry Kobell, Dutch painter/cartoonist
  • 1755 Oliver Evans, pioneered high-pressure steam engine
  • 1766 Samuel Wilson, possible namesake of Uncle Sam (d. 1854)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1775 Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts Bay (d. 1868)

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • 1802 Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and writer (d. 1880)
  • 1806 Joseph Lewis Hogg, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), die in 1862
  • 1813 John Sedgwick, American Major General (Union Army), born in Cornwall, Connecticut (d. 1864)
  • 1814 Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura) and theologian, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • 1817 John McAuley Palmer, US Union msj-gen/(Gov-Ill, 1868-72)
  • 1818 Olivier Gloux, [Aimard], Fren world explorer/writer (Grande Flibuste)
  • 1830 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (d. 1916)
  • 1831 Andrew Noble, Greenock, Scottish Physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics
  • 1836 John McCausland, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1927)
  • 1841 Johannes de Koo, Dutch journalist/stage writer
  • 1842 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
  • 1846 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa)
  • 1851 Walter Reed, US Army Surgeon, proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1857 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company) and philanthropist, born in Derry Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1945)

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • 1857 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (d. 1937)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860 John J. Pershing [Blackjack], American general and WWI commander, born in Laclede, Missouri (d. 1948)

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • 1862 Dirk Bos, Dutch liberal 2nd Member of parliament
  • 1863 Arthur Henderson, Britain, socialist/disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • 1866 Adolf Meyer, American psychiatrist/neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene)
  • 1874 Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (d. 1962)
  • 1876 Sherwood Anderson, Winesburg, Ohio, author/publisher (Winesburg)
  • 1877 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer (d. 1957)
  • 1877 Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (d. 1962)
  • 1882 Ramón Grau, Cuban president (d. 1969)
  • 1885 Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian geometer (d. 1962)
  • 1886 Alain LeRoy Locke, African American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”
  • 1887 Lavoslav Ruzicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1889 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), born in Occitanie (d. 1960)
  • 1894 Anton Roosjen, Dutch politician/NCRV-chairman
  • 1894 John B[oynton] Priestly, author (Good Companions)/wed Jessica Hawkes
  • 1894 Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (d. 1953)
  • 1899 Anton Constandse, Dutch anarchist/writer
  • 1899 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, leader of the Iron Guard (d. 1938)
  • 1902 Leland Hayward, American producer (Mister Roberts, Spirit of St Louis), born in Nebraska City, Nebraska (d. 1971)
  • 1907 Victor Reinganum, artist
  • 1915 Peter Guy Wykeham-Barnes, fighter Pilot

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 Roald Dahl, British author (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The BFG), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1990)

Author Roald Dahl
Roald Dahl
  • 1919 Mary Midgley, American philosopher
  • 1919 George Weidenfeld, British Publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Reninca, [Renée Lauwers], Flemish author (Seed in the Wind)
  • 1923 Edouard Boubat, French photographer (d. 1999)
  • 1928 Ernest L Boyer, educator/chancellor (NY's State Universities-SUNY)
  • 1930 Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, English publisher/multi-millionaire (St Ives)
  • 1936 Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian neo-Nazi
  • 1937 Don Bluth, American animator
  • 1938 Judith Martin, author/journalist/columnist (Miss Manners)
  • 1939 Larry Speakes, presidential press secretary
  • 1939 Bill Janklow, American politician and four-term Governor of South Dakota (Republican: 1979-87, 1995-2003), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1941 Tadao Ando, Japanese architect
  • 1941 Ahmet Necdet Sezer, 10th President of Turkey
  • 1942 Hissène Habré, dictator of Chad (1982-90), born in Faya-Largeau
  • 1945 Andres Küng, Swedish-Estonian politician, journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1948 Dimitri Nanopoulos, Greek physicist
  • 1950 Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Polish politician
  • 1957 John G. Trueschler, American politician
  • 1961 Peter Roskam, Republican Congressman from Illinois
  • 1962 Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian poet and author
  • 1963 Theodoros Roussopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1965 Annie Duke, American poker player
  • 1966 Maria Furtwängler, German physician
  • 1985 Keyunta Dawson, National Football League player

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1975 Novelist Danielle Steel (28) weds Danny Zugelder in the prison canteen

Novelist Danielle Steel
Danielle Steel

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

81 Titus Flavius Vespasianus, emperor of Rome (69-81), dies of a fever at about 42

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
  • 1506 Andrea Mantegna, Italian painter
  • 1557 John Cheke, English classical scholar and statesman (b. 1514)
  • 1592 Michel de Montaigne, French writer (b. 1533)
  • 1596 Pieter D Keyzer/Keyser, astronomer/navigator (Java)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1598 Philip II, King of Spain (1556-98), dies at 71

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1632 Leopold V, Archduke of Austria, dies at 45
  • 1650 Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik/archbishop, dies at 72
  • 1657 Jacob van Campen, painter/architect (Amsterdam Townhall), dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1759 James Wolfe, British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, dies in battle at 32

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1766 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
  • 1803 John Barry, 1st American commodore, dies
  • 1806 Charles James Fox, English politician (b. 1749)
  • 1808 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (b. 1718)
  • 1813 Hezqeyas of Ethiopia, deposed Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1847 Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (b. 1767)
  • 1859 Cornelis J van Axes, lawyer, dies at 71
  • 1872 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Ambrose Burnside, American soldier, politician and industrialist (Governor of Rhode Island, 1866-69), dies of a heart attack at 57

Union General, Politician and Industrialist Ambrose Burnside
Union General, Politician and Industrialist
Ambrose Burnside
  • 1904 Raden Ayu Kartini, Indonesian national heroine (b. 1879)
  • 1905 René Goblet, French politician (b. 1828)
  • 1912 Maresuke Nogi, Japanese general (b. 1849)
  • 1915 Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
  • 1921 Italo Svevo, writer, dies at 59
  • 1921 Ludwig-Alexander von Battenberg [Mountbatten], admiral (WWI), dies at 67
  • 1928 Italo Svevo, [Ettore Schmitz], Italian writer (Una Vita), dies at 66
  • 1932 Paul Gorguloff, murderer of French President Doumer, beheaded
  • 1938 Samuel Alexander, Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79
  • 1946 Amon Göth, Austrian SS commandant of the Płaszów concentration camp, executed by hanging at 37
  • 1946 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949 August Krogh, Danish zoophysiologist, dies at 75

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • 1959 Gilbert Adrian, costume designer, dies of heart attack at 56
  • 1965 Jean B. Fletcher, American architect (b. 1915)
  • 1967 Russell L Rogers, USAF/astronaut (X-20), dies in explosion at 38
  • 1969 Charles Foulkes, Canada gen/honorary citizen of Wageningen, dies at 66
  • 1971 Lin Biao, Chinese Communist Marshal during the Civil War and party leader, dies in a plane crash at 63, possibly while fleeing from a botched coup against Mao
  • 1981 William Loeb, publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, dies at 75
  • 1989 Yamada Koun, Zen teacher Sanbo Kyodan line, dies at 82
  • 1991 Joe Pasternak, producer (Spinout, Big City), dies of Parkinson's at 73
  • 1992 Lou Jacobs, US clown (1966 US postage stamp), dies at 89
  • 1994 Kaleria Fadicheva, ballerina, dies at 58
  • 1995 Francesco Messina, sculptor, dies at 94
  • 1995 Walter Goetz, illustrator cartoonist/painter, dies at 83
  • 1996 Anthony Nicholas Maria Wahl, historian, dies at 68
  • 1996 Cesar Mendoza, general of Military junta of Chile (1973-85), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1998 George Wallace, American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, dies of septic shock at 79

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1999 Benjamin Bloom, American educational theorist (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Frank O'Bannon, Governor of Indiana (b. 1930)
  • 2004 Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (b. 1925)
  • 2005 Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 Ann Richards, 46th Governor of Texas (b. 1933)
  • 2007 Whakahuihui Vercoe, New Zealand clergyman (b. 1928)
  • 2011 Walter Bonatti, Italian climber (b. 1930)