On This Day

On This Day in History for September 14

Events in History

RomanRoman Empire

81 Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus

Roman Emperor Domitian
Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
  • 786 Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother Al-Hadi
  • 891 Stephen V's reign as Catholic Pope end with his death, succeeded a few weeks later by Pope Formosus
  • 1163 Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland
  • 1180 Minamoto no Yoritomo led force of 300 defeated at Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan
  • 1515 Battle at Marignano ends in French/Venetian victory
  • 1607 Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1629 Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1662 Netherlands & England sign peace treaty
  • 1682 Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, founded
  • 1716 1st lighthouse in American colonies lit at Boston Harbor

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar (no Sept 3 - Sept 13)

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1759 Austrian troops occupy Dresden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr

RussiaGreat Fire of Moscow

1812 Great Fire of Moscow begins as Napoleon approaches the city and retreating Russians burn it - fire continues to burn for five days

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Napoleon retreats from Moscow as it burns, in a painting by Viktor Mazurovsky
Napoleon retreats from Moscow as it burns, in a painting by Viktor Mazurovsky
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Fiery Birth for Star Spangled BannerFiery Birth for Star Spangled Banner

1814 Francis Scott Key pens the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry", later known as "The Star-Spangled Banner" while witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry from a ship in Baltimore harbor

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The Stars and Stripes with the Star Spangled Banner words by Francis Scott Key
The Stars and Stripes with the Star Spangled Banner words by Francis Scott Key
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  • 1829 Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1847 US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)
  • 1848 Alexander Stewart opens the 1st US department store, “The Marble Palace” in downtown New York City
  • 1852 Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office as 18th US Postmaster General
  • 1854 British and French forces land at Calamita Bay on the Crimean Peninsula, during the Crimean War
  • 1856 Battle of San Jacinto at Hacienda San Jacinto, Nicaraguan forces defeat American filibusters
  • 1862 Battle at Crampton's Gap: Union troops win a tactical victory over Confederate forces
  • 1862 Battle at South Mountain: Union troops defeat an outnumbered Confederate force
  • 1862 Battle of Munfordville, Kentucky, begins
  • 1862 Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1862 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War
  • 1872 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1876 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Rwanda

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1876 Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • 1882 British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • 1886 George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee, patents typewriter ribbon
  • 1891 "Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • 1894 Hottentotten uprising in Southwest Africa fails
  • 1899 Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality in the US (NY)
  • 1900 There are now 62,000 foreign troops in Peking and nearby cities, still defeating Boxer Rebels.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the youngest man to serve as US President, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905 Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
  • 1905 Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname
  • 1905 RAC Tourist Trophy first run on Isle of Man
  • 1911 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime had been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Lord Kitchener: "Your country needs you" appears as front cover design for the London Opinion magazine

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1914 German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn
  • 1914 German troops withdraw from Aisne
  • 1916 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game
  • 1918 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • 1919 British regime forbids Sinn Féin Dáil
  • 1920 The Trial of Sacco & Vanzetti: Sacco and Vanzetti indicted for murder
  • 1923 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • 1930 Nazis gain 107 seats in German election
  • 1932 Military coup in Chile under Arturo Alessandri
  • 1933 2 billion board feet of lumber destroyed in Tillamook Oregon fire
  • 1936 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans US ships from trading arms with China or Japan

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

The Age of ZeppelinsThe Age of Zeppelins

1938 Graf Zeppelin II, world's largest airship, makes its maiden flight

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The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
The Hindenburg bursts into flames as it approaches its mooring mast. Thirty-six people died.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 World’s 1st practical helicopter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky

  • 1939 British fleet attacks German U-39 boat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill visits Scapa Flow, Orkney

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 US Congress passes 1st peace-time conscription bill (draft law)
  • 1940 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge (Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1
  • 1944 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • 1944 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • 1944 Great Atlantic hurricane hits New England, 300-400 die along the US East Coast
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • 1944 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Gerald Ford upsets Representative Bartel J Jonkman in Michigan 5th Dist Republican primary

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1948 Groundbreaking ceremony for UN world headquarters in New York
  • 1949 India's Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.
  • 1950 Western allies rearm West Germany
  • 1951 Giant's Bob Niemans homers on his 1st 2 at bats

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • 1954 Hurricane Edna (2nd of 1954) hits NYC, $50 million damage
  • 1954 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1955 Herb Score sets rookie record of 235 strikeouts (en route 245)

Historic InventionIBM 305 RAMAC

1956 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton

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IBM 305 RAMAC at the U.S. Army Red River Arsenal; foreground: two 350 disk drives; background: 380 console and 305 processing unit
IBM 305 RAMAC at the U.S. Army Red River Arsenal; foreground: two 350 disk drives; background: 380 console and 305 processing unit
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  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • 1957 UN resolution deplores & condemns USSR invasion of Hungary
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959 Soviet Union's Luna-2 is 1st spacecraft to land on the Moon
  • 1960 Coup under Colonel Joseph-Desire Mobutu in Congo
  • 1960 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Mary Ann Fischer of Aberdeen, South Dakota, gives birth to America's 1st surviving quintuplets, 4 girls & a boy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 President Lyndon Johnson presents Walter Lippmann with the Presidential Medal of Freedom

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • 1965 4th meeting of 2nd Vatican council opened
  • 1967 Melville Abrams Ball Field in Bronx named
  • 1967 Thomas Pell Wildlife Refuge & Sanctuary opens in Bronx
  • 1968 USSR's Zond 5 is launched on 1st circumlunar flight
  • 1969 Male voters of Swiss Canton Schaffhausen reject female suffrage
  • 1970 Economic Council for Northern Ireland holds its first meeting
  • 1971 Two British soldiers are killed in separate shooting incidents in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 Jason Miller's "That Championship Season," premieres in NYC
  • 1972 West Germany & Poland establish diplomatic relations
  • 1972 2 people are killed and 1 mortally wounded in a Ulster Volunteer Force bomb attack on the Imperial Hotel, Belfast
  • 1973 Indianapolis is awarded a WHA franchise
  • 1973 Israel shoots down 13 Syrian MIG-21s

Birthdays in History

  • 786 Al-Ma'mun, 7th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate (813-833), born in Baghdad (d. 833)
  • 1388 Claudius Clavus, Danish cartographer, born in Salling, Island of Fünen
  • 1486 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, German royal astrologer, physician and theologian, born in Cologne, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1535)
  • 1531 Philipp Apianus [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German mathematician and cartographer, born in Ingolstadt, Germany (d. 1589)
  • 1543 Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit priest (5th Superior General of the Society of Jesus), born in Atri, Italy (d. 1615)
  • 1547 Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch lawyer and statesman, born in Amersfoort, Netherlands (d. 1619)
  • 1580 Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, Spanish poet and writer, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1645)
  • 1644 Gisbert Cuper, Dutch classicist and historian, born in Hemmen, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 1716)
  • 1656 Thomas Baker, English antiquarian, born in Lanchester, Durham (d. 1746)
  • 1713 Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1781)
  • 1721 Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1807)
  • 1735 Robert Raikes, British philanthropist and Sunday school pioneer, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1811)
  • 1742 James Wilson, One of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, born in Carskerdo, Scotland (d. 1798)

Person of interestAlexander von Humboldt

1769 Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (Kosmos), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1859)

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1771 Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1829)
  • 1774 Lord William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, British soldier and statesman (Governor-General of India, 1828-1835), born in Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1839)
  • 1792 Gino Capponi, Italian marquis, literary and Premier of Toscane, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1876)
  • 1804 John Gould, British ornithologist and bird artist, born in Lyme Regis, Dorset (d. 1881)
  • 1804 Louis Désiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate, born in Saint-Pierre-de-Maillé, France (d. 1882)
  • 1817 Theodor Storm, German judge and author (Immensee, Der Schimmelreiter), born in Husum, Germany (d. 1888)
  • 1819 Henry Jackson Hunt, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1889)
  • 1835 Joseph Hayes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in York County, Maine (d. 1912)
  • 1835 Y de Smit-Rog, oldest citizen of Netherlands (d. 1940 at 104)
  • 1836 Abraham Pieter Cornelis van Karnebeek, Dutch Foreign Minister (Liberal, 1918-27), born in Amsterdam (d. 1925)
  • 1837 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, born in Georgia, Russian Empire (d. 1903)
  • 1838 John Pelham, U.S. Confederate artillery major, born in Alexandria, Alabama (d. 1863)
  • 1847 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, born in London, England (d. 1908)
  • 1860 Hamlin Garland, American writer (Middle Border), born in West Salem, Wisconsin (d. 1940)
  • 1864 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British lawyer and politician who helps form League of Nations (Nobel 1937), born in Cavendish Square, London (d. 1958)
  • 1867 Charles Dana Gibson, American illustrator (Gibson Girl), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1944)

Person of interestMargaret Sanger

1879 Margaret Sanger, American nurse, birth control proponent and feminist, born in Corning, New York (d. 1966)

  • 1880 Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes), born in Elbing, West Prussia (d. 1958)
  • 1880 Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Bishop of the Russian Church and Orthodox missionary, born in Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1883 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1886 Jan Masaryk, Czech statesman and Minister to London (1918-35), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1887 Karl Taylor Compton, American physicist and 9th President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, born in Wooster, Ohio (d. 1954)
  • 1891 Ivan Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (analytic number theory), born in Velikoluksky District, Russian Empire (d. 1983)
  • 1898 Ernest Nash, German-American photographer and archaeologist, born in Nowawes, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1904 Anton Zischka, Austrian writer (Lebendiges Europa), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1997)
  • 1907 A. Cecil Snyder, American lawyer and Chief Justice of Puerto Rico, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1959)
  • 1909 Peter Scott, British naturalist & explorer, born in London (d. 1989)
  • 1910 Gaston Defferre, French Socialist politician, born in Marsillargues, France (d. 1986)
  • 1910 Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon, born in Katakolo, Greece (d. 2003)
  • 1910 Yi Sang, Korean author and poet (Dying Words, Wings, Child’s Bone), born in Jongro, Seoul (d. 1937)
  • 1913 Jacobo Árbenz, President of Guatemala (1951-54); overthrown by CIA, born in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala (d. 1971)
  • 1914 Robert McCloskey, American children's book writer and illustrator (Make Way For Ducklings), born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Robert S. Dietz, American geophysicist who proposed a theory of seafloor spreading in 1961, born in Westfield, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Eric Bentley, British-American critic and writer (In Search of Theater), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England
  • 1920 Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician, born in Mendoza, Argentina (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist and poet, born in Paso de los Toros, Uruguay (d. 2009)
  • 1920 Lawrence Klein, American economist who created computer models to forecast economic trends (1980 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2013)
  • 1924 John Michael Grimes, British set designer (Philby, Burgess and MacLean) (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Davidson Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and author, born in Freetown, Sierra Leone (d. 1994)
  • 1925 Mauk de Braauw, Dutch minister (DS'70) and Minister of Wetenschapsbeleid, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1984)
  • 1925 Ruth Mompati, South African politician and Secretary of Nelson Mandela, born in Vryburg, North-West Province, South Africa (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Michel Butor, French novelist and essayist, born in Mons-en-Baroeul (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Martin Caidin, American aviation writer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1928 Albert Shanker, American labor leader (Amer Fed of Teachers), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1928 Sir Angus Ogilvy, British businessman and husband of Princess Alexandra of Kent, born in London, England (d. 2004)
  • 1928 John Reginald "Nat" Allen, planning enforcement officer/climber

Person of interestJohn Gutfreund

1929 John Gutfreund, American investment banker, CEO of Salomon Brothers (King of Wall Street), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)

Investment Banker John Gutfreund
Investment Banker
John Gutfreund
  • 1929 Mel Hancock, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri), born in Cape Fair, Missouri (d. 2011)
  • 1929 Larry Collins, American writer, born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2005)
  • 1930 Allan Bloom, American philosopher and author (Closing of the American Mind), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1992)
  • 1932 John Tembo, Malawian politician (President of the Malawi Congress Party), born in Dedza District, Malawi
  • 1934 Hans Faverey, Dutch poet, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1990)
  • 1934 Kate Millett, American feminist and author (Sexual Politics), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Sarah Kofman, French philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1994)
  • 1935 Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese cartoonist, born in Luanping, Rehe, Manchuria (d. 2008)
  • 1936 Terence Donovan, English fashion photographer, film and video director, born in Stepney, London (d. 1996)
  • 1936 Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist (Nobel 1998), born in Whiting, Indiana
  • 1936 Harry Danielsen, Norwegian educator and politician, born in Rødøy, Norway (d. 2011)
  • 1937 Renzo Piano, Italian architect (Whitney Museum of American Art), born in Genoa, Italy
  • 1939 Piet Stoffelen, Dutch ambassador and MP (PvdA), born in Oldenzaal, Netherlands (d. 2011)
  • 1940 Leo Ferrier, Surinamese writer (Atman), born in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • 1942 Bernard MacLaverty, Northern Irish writer (Grace Notes), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1946 Jim Angle, American journalist and television reporter, born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • 1947 Joan Thirkettle, British journalist, born in Kent, England (d. 1996)
  • 1950 Michael Nifong, American attorney, born in Wilmington, North Carolina
  • 1951 Eugene H. Trinh, Vietnamese-American astronaut (STS 50), born in Saigon, Vietnam
  • 1956 Kostas Karamanlis, Greek politician (Prime Minister of Greece 2004-09), born in Athens, Greece
  • 1956 Lefteris Zagoritis, Greek lawyer and politician, born in Rhodes, Greece
  • 1958 John Bennett Herrington, American astronaut and USN aviator, born in Wetumka, Oklahoma

Person of interestDmitry Medvedev

1965 Dmitry Medvedev, Russian politician (President and Prime Minister of Russia), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Russian President
Dmitry Medvedev
  • 1976 Jeremy Dunham, American video game designer, born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1978 Ron DeSantis, American politician, Governor of Florida (2019-), Rep-D-Florida (2013-18), born in Jacksonville, Florida

Weddings in History

  • 1830 Princess WFLC Marianne marries Albrecht of Prussia

LoveWedding of Interest

1835 American leading transcendentalist Ralph Waldo Emerson (33) marries 2nd wife Lydia (Lidian) Jackson in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson

LoveWedding of Interest

1838 Newly escaped slave Frederick Douglass marries free woman Anne Murray in New York

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

LoveWedding of Interest

1886 Neurologist Sigmund Freud (30) weds Martha Bernays (25) in Hamburg, Germany

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • 1892 American banker AP Giannini marries Clorinda Cuneo
  • 2006 Former B*Witched member Lindsay Armaou weds former "911" member Lee Brennan at St. Mary's Parish Church in County Wicklow, Ireland
  • 2014 Actress Elisabetta Canalis (36) weds orthopedic surgeon Brian Perri in Sardinia, Italy

Deaths in History

  • 258 Thascius C Cyprian, Saint/Bishop of Carthage, dies at 58
  • 407 Johannes Chrysostomus, patriarch, dies
  • 585 Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)
  • 775 Constantine V, Byzantine Emperor (b. 718)
  • 786 Al-Hadi, 4th Abbasid caliph (785-86), dies at 22
  • 820 Li Jong, Chinese official and governor of the Tang Dynasty dies
  • 891 Stephen V [VI], Italian Pope (885-91), dies
  • 1146 Imad ad-Din Zengi, governor of Basra, murdered
  • 1164 Emperor Sutoku of Japan (b. 1119)
  • 1214 Albert Avogadro, Italian patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149)
  • 1321 Dante Alighieri, Italian poet and author (Dante's Inferno, Divina Commedia), dies at 56
  • 1404 Albert IV, Duke of Austria, dies at 26
  • 1435 John Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Bedford, English prince, general (Hundred Years’ War) and statesman, dies at 46
  • 1495 Elizabeth Tudor, English princess, the second daughter and fourth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, dies at 3
  • 1523 Adrian VI [Adriaan F Bieyens], only Dutch Pope (1522-23), dies at 64
  • 1538 Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg & Dietz, viceroy of Holland, dies
  • 1605 Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • 1637 Pierre Vernier, French mathematician and inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements, dies at 57
  • 1638 John Harvard, English clergyman and benefactor of Harvard College, dies at 30
  • 1646 Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of Essex, dies
  • 1646 Thomas H Earl of Arundel, English art collector (Marbles), dies
  • 1693 Aert Jansse van Nes, Dutch naval commander, dies at 67
  • 1712 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian French mathmetician and astronomer (discovered satellites of Saturn), dies at 87
  • 1715 Dom Pérignon, French-Benedictine monk who helped improve the quality of champagne, dies at 76 or 77
  • 1743 Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • 1749 Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician, dies at 73
  • 1759 Louis Joseph Montcalm, French general (Plains of Abraham), dies at 47
  • 1788 John Penn, American attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 47
  • 1807 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • 1819 Erik Acharius, Swedish botanist (lichens), dies at 61

Person of interestAaron Burr

1836 Aaron Burr, 3rd US Vice President (D-R: 1801-05) who killed Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel, dies at 80

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr

Person of interestJames Fenimore Cooper

1851 James Fenimore Cooper, American author (Last of Mohicans), dies of dropsy at 61

Person of interestArthur Wellesley

1852 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory: 1828-30), dies at 83

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1852 Augustus Pugin, English architect in Gothic Revival style (interior of the Palace of Westminster), dies at 40
  • 1862 Jesse Lee Reno, Union general-major (Reno Nevada), dies at 39
  • 1862 Samuel Garland Jr, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 31
  • 1879 Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist, dies at 70
  • 1887 Friedrich Theodor Vischer, German philosopher and writer (Auch einer), dies at 80
  • 1895 Alfred Verwee, Flemish painter, dies at 57
  • 1898 Paulus Adrianus Daum, Dutch writer, founder and editor (Batavian Newspaper), dies at 48
  • 1898 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor of the adding machine, dies at 43
  • 1899 Henry Bliss is the 1st recorded death from an auto accident when he is hit by a taxicab in New York City

Person of interestWilliam McKinley

1901 US President William McKinley, dies in Buffalo, after being shot 8 days earlier by anarchist, Leon Czolgosz

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • 1905 Pietro/Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, 1st French Congo gov (1890-98), die
  • 1916 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), dies at 60
  • 1916 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, dies at 55
  • 1926 Johan LE Dreyer, Danish astronomer (Catalog of Nebulae), dies at 74

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

1937 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • 1942 E.S. Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855)
  • 1952 Alexander Xaver Gwerder, Swiss writer, commits suicide at 29
  • 1955 Franz Carl Weiskopf, German Czech writer, dies at 55
  • 1960 M. Karagatsis, Greek author (b. 1908)
  • 1965 Lydia Mei, Estonian artist who specialized in watercolors and still lifes, dies at 69
  • 1966 Hiram Wesley Evans, American member of the Ku Klux Klan, dies at 84
  • 1967 Mohammed Abdul Hakim Amer, Egyptian vice-PM, commits suicide at 47
  • 1970 Rudolph Carnap, German philosopher and mathematician, dies at 79
  • 1974 Pieter Y Adriani, Dutch tax lawyer, dies at 95
  • 1982 Bechir Gemayel, President-elect of Lebanon (8/23-9/14, 1982), assassinated by a bomb at 34
  • 1982 John Gardner, American writer (Life & Times of Chaucer High), dies in a motorcycle accident at 49
  • 1991 Russell Lynes, American art historian and magazine editor (b. 1910)
  • 1992 Theodore S. Weiss, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1977-92), dies at 64
  • 1992 Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1994 David van Cup, sculptor/painter, dies at 57
  • 1995 Maurice K. Goddard, American state government official (b. 1912)
  • 1996 Clive Beadon, British RAF Wing Commander and pilot (WWII), dies at 77
  • 1996 Joe Elsby Martin, boxing coach, dies at 80
  • 2000 Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish writer and political activist, dies at 94
  • 2000 Frederick Erroll, 1st Baron Erroll of Hale, British Conservative politician, dies at 86
  • 2001 Barbara Mary Ansell, UK founder of paediatric rheumatology, dies at 78
  • 2003 Yetunde Price, half-sister of Venus and Serena Williams (b. 1972)
  • 2005 William Berenberg, American physician (b. 1915)
  • 2005 Vladimir Volkoff, French writer (b. 1932)
  • 2008 Domagoj Kapeć, Croatian hockeyplayer (b. 1989)
  • 2009 Jody Powell, American press secretary to Jimmy Carter (b. 1943)
  • 2009 Keith Floyd, English celebrity cook and restaurateur (Floyd on Fish), dies of a heart attack at 65
  • 2012 Louis Simpson, Jamaican-American poet (Good News of Death), dies from Alzheimer's disease at 89
  • 2013 Stefan Wewerka, German architect and sculptor, dies at 84
  • 2015 Fred DeLuca, American co-founder of the Subway chain, dies of cancer at 65
  • 2017 Basi, world's oldest giant panda in captivity, dies in Fuzhou, China, at 37