On This Day

On This Day in History for September 16

Events in History

  • 1400 Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers
  • 1575 King Johan Casimir of Palts promises military aid to the Huguenots
  • 1597 French troops chase away Albrecht of Austria
  • 1620 The Mayflower departs Plymouth, England, with 102 Pilgrims and about 30 crew for the New World (O.S. 6 Sept)
  • 1630 Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes its name to Boston
  • 1652 Spanish troops occupy Dunkirk
  • 1654 Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1666 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1668 King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1701 James Francis Edward Stuart "The Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland on the death of his father James II
  • 1702 Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
  • 1729 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1747 French troops occupy Bergen on Zoom
  • 1782 Great Seal of the United States of America used for the first time
  • 1795 British capture Capetown, South Africa, from the Dutch
  • 1810 Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, calling for the end of Spanish rule (Mexican Independence Day)

  • 1830 Oliver Wendell Holmes writes poem "Old Ironsides" as tribute to the 18th-century USS Constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust buys bard's birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon

  • 1848 Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • 1857 Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
  • 1858 1st overland mail for California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1861 Battle of Princeton, West Virginia
  • 1861 British Post Office Savings Banks opens
  • 1862 Gen Bragg's army surrounds 4,000 federals at Munfordville, KY
  • 1863 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1864 Battle of Coggin's Point, Virginia (Hampton-Rosser Cattle Raid)
  • 1867 Ottawa Rough Riders & Senators play Canadian Football game
  • 1873 German troops leave France
  • 1893 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opens white settlement homesteaders
  • 1901 Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 French painter Paul Gauguin settles in Atuona in the Marquesas Islands

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1906 Douglas Mawson, Edgeworth David and Alistair Mackay claim to have discovered the Magnetic South Pole in Antarctica

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1908 Carriage-maker, William C. Durant, founds General Motors in Flint, Michigan
  • 1913 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Tsar Nicolas II adjourns 4th Duma


  • 1915 US takes control of customs & finances of Haiti for 10 years
  • 1919 American Legion incorporated by an act of US Congress
  • 1919 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant

USAWall Street Bombing

1920 The "Wall Street bombing" occurs at 12:01 when a horse-drawn wagon explodes on Wall Street, New York, killing 38 and injuring 143

Learn More
Aftermath of the attack on Wall Street, September 16, 1920
Aftermath of the attack on Wall Street, September 16, 1920
Learn More
  • 1922 Turkish troops chase Greeks out of Asia
  • 1924 Cardinal Jim Bottomley bats in 12 RBIs in 1 game
  • 1926 -22] Hurricane in Florida & Alabama, kills 372
  • 1926 Italian-Romanian peace treaty signed
  • 1926 Philip Dunning & George Abbott's "Broadway" premieres in NYC
  • 1928 Hurricane hits West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee Florida; 3,000 die
  • 1929 Police shoot at strikers in Maastricht, 2 killed
  • 1931 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • 1932 30.8 cm rainfall at Westerly, Rhode Island (state record)
  • 1938 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 FDR signs Selective Training & Service Act (1st peacetime draft)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 Luftwaffe attacks central London
  • 1940 Samuel T Rayburn of Texas elected speaker of US House of Representatives
  • 1940 St Louis Browns Johnny Lucadello is 2nd to HR from each side of plate
  • 1941 German armoured troops surround Kiev, Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Adolf Hitler orders that for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavs should be killed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

  • 1941 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto
  • 1942 Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
  • 1943 Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
  • 1943 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
  • 1945 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
  • 1947 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 394.2 MPH
  • 1947 Typhoon Kathleen hits Saitama, Tokyo and Tone River area, killing at least 1,930
  • 1950 Viet Minh offensive against French bases in Vietnam
  • 1955 US Auto Club forms to oversee four major auto racing categories
  • 1957 Coup in Thailand (Premier Songgram deposed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 French President Charles de Gaulle recognizes Algerian right of self determination

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1960 Amos Alonzo Stagg retires as a football coach at 98
  • 1961 CDU loses West German election
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Gerda Kroon runs European record 800 m in 2:02.8
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Federation of Malaysia formed by Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1965 Sobibor trial opens in Hagen, West Germany
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Richard Nixon appears on "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-in"

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

  • 1970 King Hussein of Jordan forms military government
  • 1971 6 Ku Klux Klansmen arrested in connection with bombing of 10 school buses

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1971 West German chancellor Willy Brandt meets with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1971 A number of Unionists resign over the proposed tripartite talks involving Northern Ireland, the UK, and the Republic of Ireland
  • 1974 BART begins regular transbay service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US President Gerald Ford announces conditional amnesty for US Vietnam War deserters

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1974 US General Alexander Haig Jr. becomes NATO supreme commander in Europe
  • 1975 Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)
  • 1975 The first prototype of the MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight.
  • 1976 Egyptian president Sadat re-elected
  • 1976 American Episcopal Church approves ordination of women as priests & bishop
  • 1976 Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from the trolleybus that had fallen into Erevan reservoir.
  • 1977 90 minute pilot of "Logan's Run" premieres on TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Ringo Starr releases "Drowning in Sea of Love"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1977 Seattle beats Royals, 4-1, to end KC's winning streak at 16 games
  • 1978 25,000 die in 7.7 earthquake in Tabar, Iran
  • 1979 Coup in Afghanistan under Hafizullah Amin
  • 1979 KC's Willie Wilson hits 5th inside-the-park HR (most since 1925)
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1979 The families of Peter Strelzyk and Gunter Wetzel arrive in West Germany from Communist East Germany in a hot air balloon
  • 1982 Massacre of 1000+ Palestinian refugees at Chatila & Sabra begins
  • 1986 Fire in Kinross gold mine, Transvaal South Africa, 177 killed
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Pope John Paul II's ends his Los Angeles tour with an interfaith meeting at Dodger Stadium with leaders of Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Birthdays in History

  • 16 Drusilla, daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder (d. 38)
  • 1386 Ambrose Traversari, Italian theologian and monk, born in Portico di Romagna, Forlì, Papal States (d. 1439)
  • 1387 Henry V, King of England (1413-22) and France (1416-19), born in Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Principality of Wales (date disputed) (d. 1422)
  • 1507 Jiajing, 12th Emperor of Ming Dynasty of China (d. 1567)
  • 1547 Abu al-Faiz ibn Mubarak Faizi, Persian-Dutch East Indies poet, born in Agra, Mughal India (d. 1595)
  • 1574 Samuel Coster, Dutch physician and playwright (Polyxena), born in Amsterdam (d. 1665)
  • 1577 Pietro Tacca, Italian sculptor and architect (Aanbidding of the Point), born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1640)
  • 1584 Matthias Gallas, Austrian earl of Campo and Duke of Lucerna, born in Trento, Italy (d. 1647)
  • 1651 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler, born in Lemgo, Lippe, Germany (d. 1716)
  • 1666 Antoine Parent, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1716)
  • 1678 Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher, born in Battersea, Surrey, England (d. 1751)
  • 1722 Gabriel Christie, British general, born in Stirling, Scotland (d. 1799)
  • 1725 Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist and geographer (Volcanos), born in Soulaines-Dhuys, France (d. 1815)
  • 1736 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, born in Tetenbüll, Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1807)
  • 1745 Mikhail Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (Battle of Borodino), born in St Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1813)
  • 1762 Charles de Merode, Earl of Merode, Mayor of Brussels and French senator, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1830)
  • 1782 Daoguang, 8th Emperor of Qing Dynasty, born in Forbidden City, Beijing, China (d. 1850)
  • 1818 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)

Person of interestCharles Crocker

1822 Charles Crocker, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), born in Troy, New York (d. 1888)

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Charles Crocker
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Charles Crocker
  • 1823 Francis Parkman, American historian and author (Oregon Trail), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1823 Michael Obrenovic, ruler of Serbia (1839-42,1860-68), born in Kragujevac, Serbia (d. 1868)
  • 1827 Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist and palaeontologist, born in St Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1908)
  • 1832 George Washington Custis Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Fort Monroe, Virginia (d. 1913)
  • 1837 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), born in Lisbon (d. 1861)
  • 1838 James J. Hill, Canadian-American railroad entrepreneur (Great Northern Railroad), born in Eramosa Township, Ontario (d. 1916)
  • 1851 Emilia Pardo Bazán, Spanish countess and writer (Pascual López: Autobiography of a Medical Student), born in La Coruña, Spain (d. 1921)
  • 1853 Albrecht Kossel, German physician (Nobel 1910), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 1927)

Person of interestBonar Law

1858 Andrew Bonar Law, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), born in Kingston, Colony of New Brunswick (now Canada)

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law

Person of interestYuan Shikai

1859 Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), born in Xiangcheng, Henan, Qing dynasty, China (d. 1916)

General and President of the Republic of China Yuan Shikai
General and President of the Republic of China
Yuan Shikai

Person of interestJames Cash Penney

1875 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1971)

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1877 Willem Huibert Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Pandji), born in Roosendaal, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • 1878 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (German Art, female nudes), born in Ühlingen-Birkendorf, Germany (d. 1961)
  • 1880 Alfred Noyes, British poet and essayist (Loom of Years, Highwayman), born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Clive Bell, English art critic, born in East Shefford, Berkshire (d. 1964)
  • 1883 T. E. Hulme, English writer and poet, born in Endon, Shaffordshire (d. 1917)
  • 1885 Karen Horney, German-American neo-freudian psychoanalyst, born in Blankenese, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1952)
  • 1887 (Hans) "Jean" Arp, German-French sculptor, artist and poet, born in Strassburg, Alsace-Lorraine, German Empire (now Strasbourg, France)(d. 1966)
  • 1889 Claude Albert Barnett, American journalist and founder (Associated Negro Press), born in Sanford, Florida (d. 1967)
  • 1891 Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-German princess by her marriage to the diplomat Prince Friedrich Franz von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst and spy, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1972)

Person of interestKarl Dönitz

1891 Karl Dönitz, German naval leader, born in Grünau, German Empire (d. 1980)

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1893 Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian biochemist (Vitamin C, Nobel 1937), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1986)
  • 1898 H. A. Rey, American children's author and creator of "Curious George", born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1905 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Jack Churchill, British Army commando, born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Beecher Moore, British sailor, born in Rochester, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1909 John Megaw, British Lord Justice of Appeal, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Fernand Lodewick, literature historian (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Erich Kempka, German chauffeur to Adolf Hitler, born in Oberhausen, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1911 Wilfred Burchett, Australian communist and writer (Catapult to Freedom), born in Clifton Hill, Melbourne (d. 1983)
  • 1912 Jerry Wald, American producer (Mildred Pierce, Johnny Belinda), born in NYC, New York (d. 1962)
  • 1916 Don Ryder, Baron Ryder of Eaton Hastings, CEO (Intl Publishing House), born in Brentford, Middlesex (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Willem Noordhoek, Dutch photographer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader, born in Saint Peter, Barbados (d. 1999)
  • 1916 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1918 Mervyn Pike [Baroness Pike], politician (C), born in Castleford, West Yorkshire (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Andy Russell, American singer (Andy & Della Russell Show), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1992)
  • 1919 Laurence J. Peter, Canadian author (Peter Principle), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1990)
  • 1920 Hannie Schaft, Dutch communist resistance fighter known as the "Girl with red hair", born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1920 Sheila Quinn, British nurse and adviser (British Red Cross), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2016)
  • 1921 William Johnston, Chaplain to Queen of Scotland, born in Edinburgh (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Marcel Mouloudji, French singer, born in Paris (d. 1994)
  • 1922 Guy Hamilton, British director (Goldfinger), born in Paris (d. 2016)

Person of interestLee Kuan Yew

1923 Lee Kuan Yew, Founding father of modern Singapore and 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-90), born in Singapore (d. 2015)

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1924 Paddy Stone, Canadian choreographer (Piccadilly Palace), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1925 Charles Haughey, Irish Taoiseach (1979-81, 82, 87-92), born in Castlebar, County Mayo, Ireland (d. 2006)
  • 1926 John Knowles, American writer (Morning in Antibes), born in Fairmont, West Virginia (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Robert Schuller, American Christian televangelist (Glass Cathedral, Hour of Power), born in Alton, Iowa (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Dale Kildee, American politician (Rep-D-Michigan, 1977-2013), born in Flint, Michigan
  • 1930 Ken Coates, British Labour politician and writer, born in Leek, Staffordshire (d. 2010)
  • 1933 Jim Gilbert, British artist and criminal, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1934 Eva Clayton, American politician (Rep-D-North Carolina), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1935 Carl Andre, American sculptor (minimal/conceptual art), born in Quincy, Massachusetts
  • 1935 Bob Kiley, American public transit specialist, born in Minneapolis (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Frits Niessen, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1941 Richard Perle, American political advisor, born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 David Wilshire, British MP (C) (Section 28, Parliamentary expenses scandal), born in Bristol, England
  • 1943 James Alan MacPherson, American writer, 1st black writer to win Pulitzer Prize, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • 1946 John Walton, Baron Walton of Detchant, British physician (Warden of Green College Oxford) (d. 2016)
  • 1946 Mike Reynolds, Australian politician (Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland 2006-09), born in Manly, New South Wales
  • 1947 Dusty Hughes, English playwright, born in Boston, Lincolnshire
  • 1947 Alexander Rutskoy, Russian politician (Vice President of Russia 1991-93) and Soviet military officer (led the putsch against President Boris Yeltsin during Russian constitutional crisis of 1993), born in Proskuriv, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1947 Michael R. McNulty, American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in Troy, New York
  • 1947 Enrique Krauze, Mexican historian and writer, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1947 Dumisani Kumalo, South African anti-apartheid activist and UN ambassador, born in KwaMbunda, South Africa (d. 2019)
  • 1948 Julia Donaldson, English children's writer (The Gruffalo), born in London, England
  • 1953 Gene Taylor, American politician (Rep-D-Mississippi), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1953 Nancy Huston, Canadian novelist (Cantique des plaines) and essayist, born in Calgary, Alberta
  • 1955 Liz Knights, English publisher (Victor Gollancz), born in Hayes Common, England (d. 1996)

Person of interestDavid Copperfield

1956 David Copperfield [Kotkin], American magician, born in Metuchen, New Jersey

  • 1956 Kevin R. Kregel, American pilot and astronaut (STS 70, 78, 87), born in Amityville, New York
  • 1956 Mark Daniel Gearan, American campaign manager (Al Gore), born in Gardner, Massachusetts
  • 1956 Nick Banton, founder of Body Positive (d. 1994)
  • 1960 Kurt Busiek, American comic book writer (Astro City), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1961 Alessandro Cecchi Paone, Italian entertainer (Lo psicologo di famiglia), born in Rome, Lazio, Italy
  • 1966 John Bel Edwards, American politician, Governor of Louisiana (2016-), born in Amite City, Louisiana
  • 1967 Hiroya Oku, Japanese Manga artist (creator of Gantz), born in Fukuoka, Japan
  • 1973 Justin Haythe, American novelist (The Honeymoon), born in London
  • 1974 Julian Castro, American politician, born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1977 Greg Ball, American politician (Member of the New York Senate 2011-14), born in Pawling, New York
  • 2005 Princess Jalilah bint Ali of Jordan, eldest child of Prince Ali bin Al Hussein and Rym Brahimi, born in Amman, Jordan

Weddings in History

  • 1862 Liliuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
  • 1990 101 year old Sam Ackerman weds 95 year old Eva in New Rochelle NY

LoveWedding of Interest

1995 Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking (53) weds nurse Elaine Mason

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Physicist
Stephen Hawking

LoveWedding of Interest

2000 Jeopardy game show winner Ken Jennings (26) weds Mindy Boam

74 Time Jeopardy Champion Ken Jennings
74 Time Jeopardy Champion
Ken Jennings
  • 2006 Aga Khan's son Prince Hussain weds Kristin White on the grounds of Chateau de Chantilly in France

Deaths in History

  • 655 Martinus I, bannished Pope (649-53), dies
  • 1087 Victor III [Dauferio/Desiderius], Italian Pope (1086-87), dies
  • 1100 Bernold of Constance, German chronicler (b. 1054)
  • 1345 John IV, Duke of Brittany (b. 1295)
  • 1380 Charles V, the Wise, King of France (1364-80), dies
  • 1394 Clement VII [Robert de Geneve], Pope (1378-94), dies
  • 1406 Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow (b. 1336)
  • 1498 Tomas de Torquemada, Castilian Grand Inquisitor during Spanish Inquisition, who burned 10,000 people, dies at 77
  • 1542 Diego de Almagro, Spanish captain-general of Peru, beheaded
  • 1583 Catherine Jagellion, Polish princess and queen of Sweden as the wife of John III of Sweden, dies at 56
  • 1589 Michael Baius, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
  • 1643 Lucas Franchoys the Elder, Belgian painter, dies at 69
  • 1670 William Penn, English admiral and politician, father of the founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, dies at 49
  • 1672 Anne Bradstreet, New England's first published poet, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 1701 James II of England and James VII of Scotland [Stuart], King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), dies at 68

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

1736 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, dies at 50

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • 1775 Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, English privy councillor (b. 1684)
  • 1803 Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (b. 1754)

Person of interestLouis XVIII

1824 Louis XVIII SX, earl of Province/king of France (1814-24), dies

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • 1829 Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman, dies at 58
  • 1834 Antoine-Vincent Arnault, French writer (Guillaume the Nassau), dies
  • 1845 John Kinker, Dutch philosopher poet, dies at 81
  • 1865 Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (b. 1792)
  • 1890 Louis Le Prince, French artist and original inventor of the motion picture camera sometimes called "the father of cinematography," vanishes under suspicious circumstances at 49
  • 1898 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat, dies at 71
  • 1911 Edward Whymper, English mountaineer 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865), dies at 71
  • 1914 James Edward Sullivan, American sports official and founder (Amateur Athletic Union), dies at 51
  • 1916 Basil W. Duke, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 78
  • 1920 Daniel Andersson, Swedish poet/writer (Polar History), dies at 32
  • 1925 Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman, Russian physicist (b. 1888)
  • 1926 Rudolf C Eucken, German philosopher (Nobel 1908), dies at 80
  • 1932 Ronald Ross, British pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, dies at 75
  • 1936 Karl Buresch, Austrian lawyer and politician, dies at 57
  • 1944 Gustav Bauer, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1919-1920), dies at 74
  • 1945 Johannes "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch missionary and philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • 1946 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), dies at 69
  • 1948 Ferdinand I MKLM, prince of Saxony-Coburg/tsar of Bulgaria, dies
  • 1953 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro-chemistry), dies
  • 1955 Leopold CMS Amery, British minister of Colonies (India), dies at 81

Person of interestQi Baishi

1957 Qi Baishi, Chinese painter famous for whimsical and playful watercolor paintings, dies at 93

Painter Qi Baishi
Painter
Qi Baishi
  • 1961 Yme Schuitmaker, Dutch potato farmer/dramatist, dies
  • 1962 Saif al-Islam Achmad, monarch of Yemen, dies at about 71
  • 1964 Leo Weismantel, German writer (Das Totenliebespar), dies at 76
  • 1971 Ferdinand Sassen, Dutch philosopher and director, dies at 77
  • 1973 Leonard Carmichael, American Psychologist and secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (1953-64), dies at 74
  • 1975 Irene Hayes, Ziegfeld girl and businesswoman (b. 1896)
  • 1979 Nur Mohammed Taraki, Communist president of Afghanistan (1978-79), murdered by order from his successor, Hafizullah Amin, at 62
  • 1984 Paul Neuhuys, Belgian playwright and poet (Le Canari et le Cerise), dies at 87
  • 1987 Howard Moss, American poet, dramatist, and critic (b. 1922)
  • 1990 Loretta Tupper, radio/TV entertainer, dies of cancer at 84
  • 1992 Duke Robbins, entertainer, dies of pneumonia at 71
  • 1992 Lee Tully, entertainer, dies
  • 1992 Millicent Fenwick, American politician (Rep-R-NJ 1975-82), dies at 82
  • 1993 Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian Aboriginal political activist and writer (We Are Going), dies at 72
  • 1993 Johanna Zandstra-Giezen, Dutch supercentenarian (oldest person in Netherland), dies at 111 years and 9 days
  • 1994 Alain Bernardin, impresario of the Crazy Horse Saloon, dies at 78
  • 1994 Albert de Courtray, French archbishop of Lyon/cardinal, dies at 71
  • 1995 Michael Balfour, historian, dies at 86
  • 1996 Andrew MacElhone, bar owner, dies at 73
  • 1996 McGeorge Bundy, US national security advisor (1961-66), dies at 77
  • 2000 Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist (b. 1969)

Person of interestGordon Gould

2005 Gordon Gould, American physicist (inventor of the laser) dies at 85

Physicist Gordon Gould
Physicist
Gordon Gould
  • 2006 Rob Levin, creator of Freenode (b. 1955)
  • 2007 Robert Jordan, author of the Wheel of Time series (b. 1948)
  • 2012 Ragnhild Alexandra [Princess Ragnhild, Mrs Lorentzen], Norwegian princess, dies of cancer at 82
  • 2016 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian President (1999-2006) and Prime Minister (1993-94), dies at 95

Person of interestEdward Albee

2016 Edward Albee, American playwright (Who's Afraid of Virgina Woolf?), dies at 88

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee