On This Day

On This Day in History for September 17

Events in History

  • 642 Arab forces under Amr ibn al-'As conquer Alexandria

BattleBattle of Interest

1048 Battle of Kapetron: night battle between invading Seljuk Turks and Byzantine-Georgian forces of Constantine IX, Byzantines drive back Turks but unable to stop huge plunder

King of Greece Constantine I
King of Greece
Constantine I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1156 Emperor Frederick Barbarossa issues the 'Privilegium Minus' decree, which elevated Austria to a duchy.

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1176 At the Battle of Myriokephalon the Byzantines fail to recover Anatolia from Turkish rule.
  • 1394 Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
  • 1462 The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
  • 1562 Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
  • 1584 Gent surrenders to Duke of Parma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1595 Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henry IV as King of France

  • 1598 Dutch sailors discover island of Mauritius
  • 1631 Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf of Sweden defeats Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
  • 1644 French troops occupy Mainz
  • 1678 France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
  • 1683 Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria
  • 1691 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter
  • 1730 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • 1737 Georg-August University opens in Göttingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Edinburgh occupied by Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart (aka the Young Pretender or Bonny Prince Charlie)

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1776 The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
  • 1778 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • 1787 Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem

USAConstitution of the United States

1787 The US Constitution is signed by delegates at the Philadelphia Convention

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1789 William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • 1809 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1819 First whaling ship arrives in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwins lands on Chatham in Galapagos archipelago

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • 1850 Fourth great fire in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton

MurderMurder of Interest

1859 James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • 1861 First class for escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe Virginia (now Hampton University).
  • 1862 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
  • 1862 Battle of Mumfordville, Kentucky, US Col J Wilder surrenders city
  • 1862 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • 1863 Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
  • 1864 American Civil War: Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
  • 1871 Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
  • 1872 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • 1873 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
  • 1876 Race riots in South Carolina
  • 1899 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
  • 1900 Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed
  • 1900 Philippine–American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • 1900 USA, Anthracite coal miners go out on strike for better wages until the October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President McKinley's campaign
  • 1901 Battle of Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats Major Gough's cavalry
  • 1901 Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
  • 1902 US protests anti-semitism in Romania
  • 1903 Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
  • 1908 Thomas Selfridge becomes first fatality of powered flight
  • 1909 Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
  • 1911 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min
  • 1914 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 1916 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 WWI flying ace The Red Baron of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1920 Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings
  • 1922 Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
  • 1923 Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
  • 1924 Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
  • 1926 Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Charles Lindbergh visits San Francisco

  • 1928 Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500
  • 1929 British troops begin withdrawal from occupied Germany
  • 1931 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • 1934 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland & Portugal vote no)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina chosen 2nd President of Philippines

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1939 German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • 1939 Poland's President Ignacy Mościck and Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski flee to Romania
  • 1939 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland allowing Germans to advance West, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner, without a formal declaration of war
  • 1939 Taisto Mäki of Finland becomes first man to run 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6 in Helsinki
  • 1940 Nazis deprive Jews of possessions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler indefinitely postpones Operation Sealion, the planned German invasion of Great Britain

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • 1941 The New Zealand Labour Party abolishes the death penalty (It is reintroduced by the National government in 1950 before being finally removed from the statute book in 1961)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1941 Famous meeting between Danish physicist Niels Bohr and German head of nuclear energy project Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen to discuss nuclear weapons (date approximate)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • 1943 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
  • 1943 World War II: Soviet city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • 1947 James Forrestal sworn in as 1st US Secretary of Defense
  • 1949 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
  • 1951 Romanian bishop A Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
  • 1952 "I am an American Day" & "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1954 "Lord of the Flies" by William Golding is published by Faber and Faber in London

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding
  • 1956 Black students enter Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1957 Scott Crossfield takes X-15 up for 1st powered flight
  • 1957 Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat
  • 1957 The North East Humanists group is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit
  • 1959 Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan & Korea
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes US banks
  • 1961 "Car 54, Where are You?" premieres on US TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 Justice Department files 1st suit to end segregation in public schools
  • 1962 US space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts

Birthdays in History

  • 879 Charles III "The Simple", King of France (893-923) (d. 929)
  • 1192 Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese 3rd shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate (d. 1219)
  • 1271 Wenceslaus II, King of Bohemia & Poland (1278-1305), born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1305)
  • 1550 Pope Paul V [Camillo Borghese], 233rd pope (1605-21) and persecutor of Galileo, born in Rome (d. 1621)
  • 1580 Charlotte Brabantia, countess of Nassau and daughter of Willem of Orange, born in Antwerp (d. 1631)
  • 1619 John Lambert, English general-major and parliamentary leader, born in Kirkby Malham, England (d. 1684)
  • 1630 Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma, born in Parma (d. 1694)
  • 1639 Hans Herr, Swiss Mennonite bishop, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1725)
  • 1643 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish philosopher and Bishop of Salisbury, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1715)
  • 1677 Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist and inventor (first person to measure blood pressure), born in Bekesbourne, Kent, England (d. 1761)
  • 1687 Durastante Natalucci, Italian historian (specialized in history of Trevi, in Umbria), born in Picicche di Trevi, Italy (d. 1772)
  • 1688 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Savoy (d. 1714)
  • 1714 Gottlieb Rabener, German author (Vom Misbrauch of the Satire), born in Wachau, Germany (d. 1771)

Person of interestFriedrich Wilhelm von Steuben

1730 Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian-American military officer (major general of the Continental Army), born in Magdeburg (d. 1794)

Major General of the Continental Army Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
Major General of the Continental Army
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
  • 1739 John Rutledge, American 2nd Chief Justice of the United States, born in Charleston, South Carolina, British America (d. 1800)

Person of interestMarquis de Condorcet

1743 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, born in Ribemont, Picardy, France (d. 1794)

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
  • 1764 John Goodricke, English deaf astronomer (first to notice that some variable stars were periodic), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1786)
  • 1771 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1816)
  • 1774 Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Italian cardinal, linguist and hyperpolyglot (understood 70 languages), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1849)
  • 1783 Samuel Prout, British water color painter, born in Plymouth, England (d. 1852)
  • 1798 Antonio Benedetto Antonucci, Italian cardinal and diplomat, born in Subiaco, Italy (d. 1879)
  • 1800 Franklin Buchanan, American first superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1874)
  • 1801 Edward William Lane, British lexicographer and translator (One Thousand & One Nights), born in Hereford, England (d. 1876)
  • 1819 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, born in Paris (d. 1868)
  • 1819 Marthinus Wessels Pretorius, 1st president of the Republic South Africa, born in Graaff Reinet, Cape Colony (d. 1901)
  • 1820 Earl Van Dorn, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Claiborne County, Mississippi (d. 1863)
  • 1820 Émile Augier, French dramatist, born in Valence, Drôme, Kingdom of France (d. 1889)
  • 1825 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, American politician and U.S. Supreme Court Justice, born in Eatonton, Georgia (d. 1893)
  • 1826 Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), born in Breselenz, Hanover (d. 1866)
  • 1834 Edouard Pailleron, French attorney, poet and stage writer, born in Paris, France (d. 1899)
  • 1839 Ira Erastus Davenport, American magician, claimed to be a spirit medium, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1911)
  • 1853 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Patristischen Philosophie), born in Paderborn, Germany (d. 1924)
  • 1854 David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-American automobile pioneer (Buick Motor Company), born in Arbroath, Angus, Scotland (d. 1929)
  • 1857 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian pioneer in rocket and space research, born in Izhevskoye, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1935)
  • 1859 Frank Dawson Adams, Canadian geologist, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1942)
  • 1861 Owen Seaman, British poet and editor (Punch), born in Shrewsbury, England (d. 1936)
  • 1868 James Alexander Calder, Canadian politician, born in Oxford County, Ontario (d. 1956)
  • 1869 Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian pacifist and internationalist (Nobel Peace Prize 1921), born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Ben Turpin, American comic (Uncle Tom Without the Cabin), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1940)
  • 1879 Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian Social social activist and reformer, born in Erode, Madras Presidency, British India (d. 1973)
  • 1881 Alfred Carpenter, English Royal Navy soldier, born in Barnes, Surrey (d. 1955)
  • 1882 Anton Hendrik Blaauw, Dutch botanist (Perception of Light), born in Elst, Overbetuwe, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • 1883 William Carlos Williams, American physician and poet, born in Rutherford, New Jersey (d. 1963)
  • 1884 Bastiaan de Gaay Fortman, Dutch historian and Justice of Curacao, born in Amsterdam (d. 1961)
  • 1890 Gabriel Heatter, American radio commentator famous for his WWII sign-on "There's good news tonight", born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1972)
  • 1893 Abel Herzberg, Russian-Dutch Jewish lawyer and writer (Persecution of Jews), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • 1899 Winnie Lightner, American comedienne (Sit Tight, Side Show), born in Greenport, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1900 J. Willard Marriott, American entrepreneur and hotelier (founder of Marriott Corporation), born in Marriott Settlement, Utah (d. 1985)
  • 1901 Francis Chichester, English aviator and sailor (Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire), born in Barnstaple, Devon, England (d. 1972)

Person of interestFrederick Ashton

1904 Frederick Ashton, British choreographer (Cinderella), born in Guayaquil, Ecuador (d. 1988)

Choreographer Frederick Ashton
Frederick Ashton
  • 1906 J. R. [Junius Richard] Jayawardene, 2nd President of Sri Lanka (1978-89) and 7th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1977-78), born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Edgar Wayburn, American environmentalist awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom 1999, born in Macon, Georgia (d. 2010)
  • 1907 Desmond Heap, British lawyer and authority on British planning law, born in Burnley, Lancashire (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Warren E. Burger, 15th Supreme Court chief justice (1969-86), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Elizabeth Wilkinson, professor German University College London
  • 1909 Kenneth Darling, British Army Commander-in-chief Allied Forces, born in Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1998)
  • 1910 Vernon Thompson, thoracic surgeon
  • 1912 Pauline Parsons, matron in chief (PMRAFNS)
  • 1914 Shin Kanemaru, Japanese politician (Deputy Prime Minister 1986-87), born in Suwa, Yamanashi Prefecture, Empire of Japan (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Mary Stewart, British sci-fi author (Crystal Cave), born in Sunderland, England (d. 2014)
  • 1916 Ove Abildgaard, Danish poet (Uglegylp), born in Lemvig, Denmark (d. 1990)
  • 1916 Oswald Garrison Villard Jr., American Engineer (electronics) who invented the over-the-horizon radar that could detect objects thousands of miles away and peer around the Earth's curvature, born in Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • 1916 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian politician (Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (President), 1974-84; Prime Minister, 1952-74; General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party, 1940-54), born in Davst sum, Uvs aimag, Outer Mongolia (d. 1991)
  • 1918 Chaim Herzog, 6th President of Israel (1983-93), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Marjorie Holt, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 2018)
  • 1921 Virgilio Barco Vargas, President of Colombia (1986-90), born in Cúcuta, Colombia
  • 1922 Agostinho Neto, 1st President of Angola (1975-79), born in Ícolo e Bengo, Portuguese Angola (d. 1979)
  • 1922 Naomi Datta, British geneticist and bacteriologist (pioneer in investigating the development of resistance to antibiotics by bacteria), born in London (d. 2008)
  • 1923 John Rigby Hale, British linguist and historian, born in Ashford, Kent (d. 1999)
  • 1926 Donald Acheson, Irish physician and Chief Medical Officer for England (1983-90), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2010)
  • 1927 Theodore S. Weiss, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1977-92), born in Gáva, Hungary (d. 1992)
  • 1928 Brian Matthew, British disc jockey (Saturday Club), born in Coventry (d. 2017)
  • 1929 John Stewart-Clark, British businessman and Member of the European Parliament (MEP), born in Dalmeny, Scotland
  • 1929 David Craig, Baron Craig of Radley, British marshal (RAF), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1930 Edgar Mitchell, NASA astronaut (Apollo 14), born in Hereford Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Gwyn Francis, British Forestry commissioner
  • 1930 Thomas P. Stafford, American Air Force officer and astronaut (Gem 6 9, Ap 10 18), born in Weatherford, Oklahoma
  • 1930 Jim Rohn, American business philosopher, born in Yakima, Washington (d. 2009)
  • 1932 Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1972-95), born in Rayyan (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Chuck Grassley, American (Sen-R-Iowa, 1981- ), born in New Hartford, Iowa
  • 1933 Desmond Fennell, British high court judge, born in Sheffield, England (d. 2011)
  • 1935 Ken Kesey, American author (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest), born in La Junta Colorado (d. 2001)
  • 1935 Timothy Bavin, British Anglican bishop (Bishop of Portsmouth 1985-95)
  • 1936 Jennifer Dickson, South African-British artist and photographer, born in Piet Retief, South Africa
  • 1936 Mischa de Vreede, Dutch poetess (Our Eternal Hunger), born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies
  • 1936 Richard Gaskell, solicitor/president (Law Society)
  • 1937 Albertine Sarrazin, French author (L'astragale, La Cavale), born in Algiers, Algeria (d. 1967)
  • 1938 Alec Broers, British electrical engineer and master (Churchill College Cambridge), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1939 David Souter, American retired 107th Supreme Court Justice (1990-2009), born in Melrose, Massachusetts
  • 1940 Jan Eliasson, Swedish diplomat (4th Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations), born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1941 Bob Matsui, American politician (Rep-D-California, 1979-2005), born in Sacramento, California (d. 2005)
  • 1942 Robert Graysmith, American Zodiac killer researcher and author, born in Pensacola, Florida
  • 1943 Samuel T. Durrance, American scientist and astronaut (STS 35, STS 67), born in Tallahassee, Florida
  • 1943 Sarah Lucas, theatre administrator (d. 1997)
  • 1944 Reinhold Messner, Italian mountain climber (Mount Everest), born in Brixen (Bressanone), Italy
  • 1946 Michael Jack, British Conservative Party politician and minister of state-home office, born in Folkestone, Kent, England
  • 1947 Jeff MacNelly, American Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist (Shoe), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • 1947 Robert Kidd, marine geoscientist
  • 1947 Tessa Jowell, British politician and Labour Member of Parliament (1997-2015), born in Marylebone, London (d. 2018)
  • 1948 Patricia Kluge, Baghdad Iraq, wife of Billionaire John Kluge

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1937 Economist John Kenneth Galbraith (29) weds author Catherine Atwater (24) at the Reformed Church of North Hempstead in New York

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • 2005 Fashion designer Cynthia Rowley (47) weds Bill Powers in Montauk, New York

Divorces in History

  • 1994 Princess Christina separates

Deaths in History

  • 1312 Ferdinand IV, King of Castile and León (1295-1312), dies at 26
  • 1322 Robert III of Flanders (b. 1249)
  • 1422 Constantine II of Bulgaria
  • 1563 Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, English soldier
  • 1574 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Spanish admiral and explorer who founded St. Augustine, Florida, dies at 55
  • 1575 Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer, dies at 71
  • 1621 Roberto Bellarmino, Italian saint (Doctor of the Church), dies at 78
  • 1630 Thomas Lake, English statesman (b. 1567)
  • 1632 Susenyos I, Emperor of Ethiopia (1606-1632), dies at around 60
  • 1652 Bonaventura Elsevier, book publisher/merchant, dies at about 69
  • 1665 Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-55), dies at 60
  • 1676 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, dies at 49
  • 1679 Juan Jose of Austrian, Spanish general/govenor of Netherlands, dies at 50
  • 1727 Glückel of Hameln, German businesswoman (b. 1647)
  • 1771 Tobias Smollett, Scottish novelist (The Adventures of Roderick Random), dies at 50
  • 1791 Tomás de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias), dies at 40
  • 1808 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Rhode Island), dies at 53
  • 1823 Abraham L Breguet, French clock maker, dies at 76
  • 1836 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (Classification of flowering plants), dies at 88

Person of interestDred Scott

1858 Dred Scott, US ex-slave who sought to sue for his freedom, dies of tuberculosis at 62 or 63

US Slave Dred Scott
US Slave
Dred Scott
  • 1862 Lawrence O'Bryan Branch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 41
  • 1862 William Edwin Starke, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 48
  • 1863 Albartus Telting, Frisian poet (Frisianch Jierboeckjen), dies at 59
  • 1863 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), dies at 66
  • 1864 Walter Savage Landor, English poet and writer (Imaginary Conversations), dies at 89
  • 1868 Roman Nose (Wiquini), Cheyenne indian leader, dies
  • 1873 Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon and adventurer (established the first European settlement on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia), dies at 91

Person of interestWilliam Henry Fox Talbot

1877 William Henry Fox Talbot, English photographic pioneer, dies at 77

Photography Pioneer William Henry Fox Talbot
Photography Pioneer
William Henry Fox Talbot
  • 1879 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (b. 1814)
  • 1892 Ignaz V Zingerle Edler von Simmersberg, Austrian, dies
  • 1894 Deng Shichang, Chinese admiral (b. 1849)
  • 1895 Auguste Toulet, Belgian balloonist, dies
  • 1899 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist and co-founder (Pillsbury Company), dies at 56
  • 1908 Thomas E Selfridge, earlier American aviator, 1st to die in an air crash
  • 1926 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), dies at 70
  • 1933 Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul, dies at 55
  • 1936 Ettie Annie Rout, New Zealand activist (b. 1877)
  • 1938 Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (b. 1901)
  • 1939 Ethel M. Dell, English author (Storm Drift), dies at 58
  • 1944 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • 1948 Count Folke Bernadotte, UN mediator for Palestine, assassinated
  • 1948 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), dies at 61
  • 1953 Emil Ermatinger, Swiss literature historian, dies at 80
  • 1957 John W "John" Eisenloeffel, goldsmith, dies at 81
  • 1958 Eugène Jungers, Belgian Governor of Rwanda Urundi, dies at 70
  • 1958 Friedrich Adolf Paneth, Austrian/British chemist, dies at 71
  • 1959 Bert Leysen, Belgian TV director (Belgian National TV), dies at 39
  • 1961 Adnan Menderes, Prime Minister of Turkey (1950-60), dies at 62
  • 1963 Eduard Spranger, German psychologist and educator, dies at 81
  • 1980 Anastasio Somoza Debayle [Tachito], President of Nicaragua (1967-72 and 1974-79), assassinated in Paraguay at 54
  • 1980 Katherine A Porter, American author (Ship of Fools, Pulit-66), dies at 90
  • 1983 Humberto Madeiros, US cardinal to Boston, dies at 67
  • 1985 Laura Ashley, Welsh fashion designer, businesswoman and co-founder of Laura Ashley, dies by falling down the stairs of her daughter's home at 60
  • 1989 Jay Stewart, American TV and Radio announcer (Let's Make a Deal), commits suicide at 71 by shooting himself in the carport of his home
  • 1992 William A Swanberg, biographer (Henry Luce, Pulitzer 1973), dies at 84
  • 1993 Christian Nyby, American director (Big Sleep, Thing), dies at 80
  • 1994 Henk Figee, author/publisher (Shoes of the Sea), dies at 46

Person of interestKarl Popper

1994 Karl Popper, philosopher (Poverty of Historianism), dies at 92

Philosopher and Professor Karl Popper
Philosopher and Professor
Karl Popper
  • 1994 Paul Nicholas Young, architect, dies at 47
  • 1995 Yehuda Meir Getz, rabbi/soldier/religious leader, dies at 71

Person of interestSpiro Agnew

1996 Spiro Agnew, American politician (Vice President, 1969 until resignation over corruption allegations in 1973), dies of leukemia at 77

Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
  • 1997 Jan Peder Syse, Prime Minister of Norway (1989-90), dies
  • 1997 John Seldon Whale, theologian, dies at 100
  • 1998 Ted Binion, Las Vegas casino heir (b. 1943)
  • 2001 Lou Dog, Sublime mascot.
  • 2006 Patricia Kennedy Lawford, American socialite (b. 1924)
  • 2009 Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist terrorist (b. 1968)
  • 2011 Colin Madigan, Australian architect (b. 1921)
  • 2012 Russell E. Train, American environmentalist and administrator (EPA, WWF), dies at 92
  • 2020 Terry Goodkind, American epic fantasy novelist (The Sword of Truth), dies at 72