On This Day in History for September 2

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 120

Event of interestEvent of Interest

44 BC Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.

Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

44 BC The first of Cicero's Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.

Roman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero
Roman Statesman & Philosopher
Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

31 BC Battle of Actium: decisive naval battle that effectively ends the Roman Republic. Octavian's forces defeat those under Mark Antony and Cleopatra">Cleopatra off the western coast of Greece.

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
  • 911 Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1192 Sultan Saladin and King Richard the Lionheart of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
King Richard the Lionheart
Richard the Lionheart
  • 1519 1st Battle of Tehuacingo, San Salvador vs Mexico
  • 1537 King Christian III publishes "Ordinance on the Danish Church"
  • 1644 Robert Devereux's Parliamentarian infantry surrenders to Royalist forces in Battle of Lostwithiel, Cornwall, during English Civil War
  • 1649 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • 1666 Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed
  • 1686 Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
  • 1732 Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome
  • 1752 Last Julian calendar day in Britain and British colonies (no Sept 3-Sept 13th)
  • 1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress
  • 1792 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
  • 1796 Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
  • 1798 First bank robbery in the US: Bank of Pennsylvania robbed of $162,821 at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia
  • 1806 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switzerland, kills 500

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1839 Salon of Varietes opens in Amsterdam
  • 1856 Tianjing's struggle Incident in Nanjing, China.
  • 1859 Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii
  • 1859 A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Union General William T Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during Savannah Campaign (US Civil War)

  • 1867 1st girls School opens in Haarlem, The Netherlands
  • 1870 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies at the Battle of Sedan
  • 1885 In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • 1894 -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
  • 1894 Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
  • 1897 "McCal" magazine first published

BattleBattle of Interest

1898 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1898 Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • 1900 Telegraph use between Germany & US begins
  • 1900 A large demonstration by Nationalists in Dublin's Phoenix Park demand that Ireland be free of British rule

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1902 "A Trip To The Moon", the first sci-fi film, released
  • 1909 King Edward VII signs South Africa Act
  • 1911 Joao Chagas forms Portuguese government
  • 1913 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • 1914 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
  • 1914 The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
  • 1917 Deutsche Vaterlands Partei formed by admiral Tirpitz
  • 1919 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • 1919 Italy agress to general voting right/proportional representation
  • 1920 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London
  • 1922 President Ebert declares "Deutschland Uber Alles" the German national anthem
  • 1924 Rudolf Friml's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in NYC
  • 1926 Italy signs treaty with Yemen
  • 1929 Unilever forms by merger of Margarine Union & Lever Bros
  • 1930 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
  • 1935 A hurricane slams Florida Keys killing 423

  • 1936 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight
  • 1937 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • 1940 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
  • 1941 Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
  • 1942 German troops enter Stalingrad
  • 1944 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • 1944 Future US president George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 US leaders meet in Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France (National Day)

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh

Victory in battleSurrender of Japan

1945 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of WW II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)

  • 1946 Johnny Neun replaces Bill Dickey as Yankee manager

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Jawaharlal Nehru forms government in India

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • 1949 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)
  • 1951 Australia, NZ & US sign ANZUS-pact
  • 1952 Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
  • 1954 Hurricane Edna batters NE US, killing 20
  • 1956 Collapse of a rail bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
  • 1956 San Francisco cable line replaced by bus service
  • 1957 1st edition newspaper the Ware Time (in Suriname), 1,700 die
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Hendrik Verwoerd appointed Prime Minister of South Africa
  • 1958 Minn announces $9 million bond issue to improve Metropolitan Stadium
  • 1958 National Defense Education Act was signed
  • 1958 U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan, Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 US President Eisenhower arrives in Paris

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1960 The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as the Democracy Day.
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Alabama Governor George Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee High School

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1964 Indonesian paratroopers lands in Malaysia
  • 1964 Norman Manley scores 2-consecutive holes-in-one at Del Valley, Cal
  • 1965 Treblinka trial in Dusseldorf ends
  • 1967 The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.
  • 1969 Ralph Houk signs 3-year contract to manage Yankees at $65,000 a season
  • 1969 The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
  • 1971 Cesar Cedeno hits an inside-the-park grand slammer
  • 1971 NY's Electric Circus Club goes out of business
  • 1971 There are further Irish Republican Army bombs set off across the region, including one in Belfast which wrecked the headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party
  • 1972 Renate Stecher runs 100m European female record (11.07 sec)
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 The headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in Belfast is severely damaged by an IRA bomb
  • 1973 Netherlands wins hockey world's championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US President Gerald Ford signs Employee Retirement Income Security Act

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1978 John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston
  • 1980 John Arlott commentates on his last game, England v Australia at Lord's
  • 1981 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Yitzḥak Shamir (Likud party) endorsed by Menachem Begin for Israeli PM
  • 1986 Cathy Evelyn Smith sentenced to 3 years for death of John Belushi

Birthdays in History

  • 1243 Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, English politician (d. 1295)
  • 1548 Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)
  • 1675 William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
  • 1731 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • 1753 Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy, queen of France (d. 1810)
  • 1763 Caroline von Schelling, [Michaelis], German author
  • 1778 Leopold F. J. J. J. van Sassen Ysselt, Dutch politician
  • 1778 Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (d. 1846)
  • 1798 Thomas Holliday Hicks, (Union Gov) (d. 1865)
  • 1805 Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (d. 1851)
  • 1810 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (d. 1897)
  • 1814 Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist/historian
  • 1830 William P. Frye, American politician (d. 1911)
  • 1837 James Harrison Wilson, American topographic engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Shawneetown, Illinois (d. 1925)
  • 1838 Liliuokalani [Lydia Kamakaʻeha], last queen of Hawaii (1891-93), born in Honolulu, Oʻahu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1917)
  • 1839 Henry George, land reformer/writer (Progress & Poverty)
  • 1840 Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (Eros)
  • 1847 Roger Wolcott, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • 1850 Eugene Field, author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
  • 1850 Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)
  • 1852 Paul Bourget, French novelist and critic (d. 1935)
  • 1853 Wilhelm Ostwald, German physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
  • 1854 Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (d. 1910)
  • 1856 Yang Hsiu-ch'ing, commander in chief of Taiping Rebellion
  • 1866 Hiram Johnson, Progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1945)
  • 1870 Marie Ault, [Mary Cragg], Wigan England
  • 1870 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1877 Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel laureate, (d. 1956), born in Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1956)

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy
  • 1878 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr
  • 1879 An Jung-geun, Korean nationalist and assassin of Itō Hirobumi (d. 1910)
  • 1883 Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria, "The Red Archduchess" (d. 1963)
  • 1884 Frank Laubach, Benton Pa, educator, taught reading through phonetics
  • 1894 Joseph Roth, Austrian journalist/writer (Hotel Savoy)
  • 1901 Andreas Embirikos, Greek surrealist poet (d. 1975)
  • 1911 Romare Bearden, African American painter (d. 1988)
  • 1912 Johan Daisne, [Herman Thiery], Belgian writer (magic realism)
  • 1915 Benjamin Aaron, American labor law expert (d. 2007)
  • 1917 Cleveland Amory, Nahant Mass, conservationist/TV reviewer (TV Guide)
  • 1918 Allen Drury, author (Advise & Consent-1960 Pulitzer Prize)
  • 1918 Martha Mitchell, wife of Attorney General John Mitchell
  • 1923 Rene Thom, French mathematician (d. 2002)
  • 1924 Daniel arap Moi, President of Kenya
  • 1928 Peter Mansfield, British politial journalist and author (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Alan K Simpson, minority whip (Sen-R-WY, 1979- )
  • 1931 Pierre Huyskens, Dutch radio host
  • 1933 Mathieu Kérékou, Dictator and President of Benin (1973-91, 1996-2006), born in Kouarfa, French Dahomey (d. 2015)
  • 1934 Hilla Becher (née Wobeser), German artist, worked collaboratively with husband Bernd Becher, born in Potsdam Germany (d. 2015)
  • 1935 Jim Moody, (Rep-D-WI, 1983- )
  • 1936 Joan Kennedy, 1st wife of Mass Senator, Ted
  • 1944 Claude Nicollier, Swiss astronaut (STS 61-K, 46, 61, 75), born in Vevey, Switzerland
  • 1946 Marty Grebb, rocker (Buckinghams), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1948 Christa McAuliffe, American teacher who died in Challenger space shuttle disaster, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • 1951 Jim DeMint, American politician
  • 1952 Earl Pomeroy, (Rep-D-North Dakota)
  • 1953 Gerhard P J Thiele, Brenz Germany, astronaut
  • 1953 Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander and a war hero (d. 2001)
  • 1956 Angelo Fusco, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • 1959 Guy Laliberté, founder of Cirque du Soleil
  • 1960 Kristin Halvorsen, Norwegian politician
  • 1960 John S. Hall, American poet and spoken-word artist
  • 1962 Jon Berkeley, author and illustrator
  • 1969 Chris Kuzneski, American bestselling author
  • 1971 Kjetil André Aamodt, Norwegian skier
  • 1980 Dany Sabourin, French Canadian Goaltender in the National Hockey League

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1824 US Navy flag officer David Farragut (23) weds Susan Caroline Marchant

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut

HeartWedding of Interest

1908 Naval officer Robert Scott (40) weds sculptress Kathleen Bruce (30) at the Chapel Royal in London, England

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott

HeartWedding of Interest

1922 "Gone With The Wind" author Margaret Mitchell (21) weds Red Berrien Upshaw

  • 1978 Gloria Fajardo (21) marries Emilio Estefan (25) (Miami Sound Machine)

Deaths in History

  • 421 Flavius Constantine III, Emperor of Western Roman Empire, dies at about 51
  • 1031 Saint Emeric of Hungary [Prince Emeric], killed by a boar at 24
  • 1274 Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)
  • 1384 Louis I, duke of Anjou/king of Naples (Battle of Poitiers), dies
  • 1418 Jan III Chalon, prince of Orange/gov of Burgundy, dies
  • 1540 Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1501)
  • 1566 Taddeo Zuccari, Italian painter, dies at 37
  • 1606 Carel van Mander, Flemish painter/art historian, dies at 58
  • 1645 Alice Lisle, Last woman to be executed by a judicial sentence of beheading in England, beheaded for harboring fugitives after the defeat of the Monmouth Rebellion at around 68
  • 1680 Per Brahe, Swedish soldier and statesman (b. 1602)
  • 1688 Robert Viner, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
  • 1690 Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1615)
  • 1698 Justus Vingboons, Architect, buried
  • 1764 Nathaniel Bliss, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1700)
  • 1765 Henry Bouquet, Swiss-born British army officer (b. 1719)
  • 1768 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (b. 1703)
  • 1779 Onno Zwier van Hairs, Fries poet (Agon), dies at 66
  • 1790 Johann N von Hontheim, German religious historian/Bishop, dies
  • 1813 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1763)
  • 1820 Jiaqing, 5th Emperor of Qing Dynasty, dies at 59
  • 1832 Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer (b. 1754)
  • 1834 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)
  • 1862 Thornton F Brodhead, US lawyer/politician/brigadier general, dies at 40
  • 1872 Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (b. 1783)
  • 1877 Constantine Kanaris, Greek admiral, freedom fighter and politician (b. 1793)
  • 1898 Hubert Howard, British journalist (Times), dies through friendly fire
  • 1898 Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
  • 1910 Henri Rousseau, French post-impressionist painter (The Dream, The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope), dies of a blood clot at 66
  • 1915 August Stramm, German poet and playwright dies in battle during WWI at 41
  • 1921 Henry Austin Dobson, English poet (b. 1840)
  • 1921 Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil pioneer (b. 1855)
  • 1942 Tom Williams, Irish republican (b. 1924)
  • 1944 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • 1944 George W. Norris, US senator (R-Nebraska 1913-43), lame duck-amendment, dies at 83
  • 1944 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • 1948 Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy (b. 1883)
  • 1953 Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, American army officer, dies at 70
  • 1957 William A Craigie, Scottish lexicographer, dies at 90
  • 1964 Francisco H Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese gen/pres (1951-58), dies at 70
  • 1964 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist, dies at 64
  • 1964 Alvin York, American World War I soldier who led a famed attack on a German machine gun nest (Medal of Honor), dies at 76
  • 1965 Johannes Bobrowski, writer, dies at 48
  • 1968 Ernest Claes, Belgian author (The White), dies at 82
  • 1969 Harry Williams Millard, producer, dies of cancer at 41
  • 1976 Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish writer (b. 1934)
  • 1979 Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (b. 1903)
  • 1991 Alfonso Garcia Robles, Mexican foreign minister (Nobel 1982), dies
  • 1992 Barbara McClintock, American geneticist (Nobel 1983), dies at 90
  • 1992 Piotr Jaroszewicz, premier of Poland (1970-80), dies
  • 1993 John/Eoin Higgins, N Ire supreme court justice (1984-93), dies at 66
  • 1994 Harry Vincent Kemp, poet, dies at 82
  • 1994 Mildred Mcafee Horton, US 1st head mistress of WAVES, dies
  • 1994 Richard M Major, US anti-terror specialist (CIA Red Book), dies at 72
  • 1996 Emily Kngwarreye, artist, dies at 86
  • 1996 Kenneth M Stewart, euro MP for Merseyside West, dies at 71
  • 1997 Viktor Frankl, psychotherapist (Man's Search for Meaning), dies at 92
  • 1998 Allen Drury, American author (b. 1918)
  • 2000 Curt Siodmak, German-born author (b. 1907)
  • 2001 Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (b. 1922)
  • 2002 Dick Reynolds, Australian rules footballer and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2004 Joan Oró, Catalan scientist (b. 1923)
  • 2007 Max McNab, National Hockey League executive (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Franz-Benno Delonge, German game designer (b. 1957)
  • 2008 Bill Meléndez, American character animator (b. 1916)
  • 2009 Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, India (b. 1949)
  • 2011 Felipe Camiroaga, Chilean character animator, Chile (b. 1966)
  • 2011 Roberto Bruce, Chilean journalist (b. 1979)
  • 2013 Frederik Pohl, American sci-fi author, dies at 93
  • 2013 Paul Scoon, Grenadian politician, dies at 78
  • 2013 Ronald Coase, British economist (Nobel Prize in Economics 1991), dies at 102
  • 2015 Alan Kurdi, 3 year old Syrian refugee drowns off the coast of Turkey, his death and photograph prompt international reaction
  • 2016 Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991-2016), dies at 78