On This Day

On This Day in History for September 21

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1192 English King Richard I the Lion hearted, captured by Leopold V, Duke of Austria

  • 1217 The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights
  • 1348 Jews in Zurich, Switzerland, are accused of poisoning wells
  • 1435 Treaty of Arras (1435) signed between Charles VII of France and Philip the Good of Burgundy
  • 1451 Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa orders Jews of Holland to wear a badge
  • 1538 Shrine of Saint Swithun in Winchester smashed up in the middle of the night as part of the English Reformation

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1589 Battle at Arques: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621 King James I of England gives Sir William Alexander a royal charter for colonisation of Nova Scotia

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1648 -23] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [NS]
  • 1676 Benedetto Odescalchi elected as Pope Innocent XI
  • 1677 John and Nicolaas van der Heyden patent the fire extinguisher
  • 1745 Battle of Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats British government army
  • 1746 French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais and Dupleix Madras
  • 1765 Antoine de Beauterne announces he has killed the Beast of Gévaudan, but was later proved wrong by more attacks
  • 1776 5 days after British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold
  • 1784 Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser becomes the 1st successful daily newspaper in the United States

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 French Revolution: The National Convention passes a proclamation announcing the formal abolition of the French monarchy

Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet
Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794 French National Convention orders the remains of Comte de Mirabeau be removed from the Panthéon after his double-dealings with court revealed

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794 Jean-Paul Marat's remains are transferred to the Panthéon in Paris, with the eulogy given by the Marquis de Sade

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1815 King Willem I takes oath in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1823 Moroni first appears to Joseph Smith, according to Smith

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • 1827 According to Joseph Smith Jr., the angel Moroni gave him a record of gold plates, one-third of which Joseph translated into The Book of Mormon
  • 1860 In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao
  • 1863 Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
  • 1872 John Henry Conyers of South Carolina becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • 1883 First direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • 1885 Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • 1893 Frank Duryea drives the 1st American-made gas propelled vehicle
  • 1895 America's first automotive producer, the Duryea Motor Wagon Company, is founded by Charles and J. Frank Duryea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 British General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1897 NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus" editorial
  • 1898 Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China, imprisoning the Guangxu Emperor
  • 1903 First cowboy film "Kit Carson" premieres in US

  • 1904 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends
  • 1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1911 Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier loses the election to Robert Bordon of the Conservative Party

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1913 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • 1913 Turkey and Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople

UKStonehenge

1915 Cecil Chubb buys English prehistoric monument Stonehenge for £6,600

Learn More
Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
Learn More
  • 1915 Emanuel Querido ("Kerido") begins publishing Querido
  • 1921 Pope Benedictus XV donates 1 million lire to feed Russians
  • 1921 A storage silo at a BASF fertiliser producing plant explodes in Oppau, Germany, 500—600 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 US President Warren G. Harding signs a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1928 "My Weekly Reader" magazine made its debut
  • 1929 1st legal pass in Canada was thrown by Gerry Seiberling & 1st reception by Ralph Losie of Calgary Altomah-Tigers against Edmonton
  • 1930 Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb
  • 1931 Britain abandons gold standard; pound devalues 20%
  • 1933 Trial against Marinus der Lubbe opens
  • 1934 Typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, kills 4,000

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1936 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1939 Reinhard Heydrich meets in Berlin to discuss final solution of Jews

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • 1942 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris
  • 1942 Transport #35 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
  • 1943 Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
  • 1943 Soviet 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
  • 1943 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel after a delay due to bad weather and a shortage of planes
  • 1946 Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay
  • 1949 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim the People's Republic of China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 George Marshall sworn in as the 3rd Secretary of Defense of United States.

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1951 Emil Zatopek runs 15,000m in record 44 min, 54.6 sec
  • 1954 Eelco Van Kleffens appointed President of the ninth session of the UN General Assembly
  • 1955 Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1957 German sail training ship Pamir sails Atlantic Ocean
  • 1957 Olav V becomes king of Norway
  • 1957 Pote Sarasin forms government in Thailand
  • 1958 1st airplane flight exceeding 1200 hours, lands, Dallas Tx
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 600 Indian Dutch emigrate to US
  • 1961 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
  • 1961 Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
  • 1964 Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1964 The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world's first Mach 3 bomber, makes its maiden flight from Palmdale, California
  • 1965 O Kommissarova (USSR) sets women's longest parachute jump (46,250')
  • 1965 Singapore admitted as part of the United Nations.
  • 1966 Five inches of rain falls on NYC
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Soviet space probe Luna 16 leaves the Moon
  • 1970 New York Times starts first modern op-ed page

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos declares martial law in Philippines (not publicly announced until 23rd Sep)

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Jackson Pollocks painting "Blue Poles" sold for $2,000,000

  • 1974 US Mariner 10 makes 2nd fly-by of Mercury
  • 1976 Wings performs in Zagreb Yugoslavia

MurderAssassination

1976 Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • 1977 US minister of Foreign affairs Cyrus Vance dismissed
  • 1978 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes bombs at the RAF airfield near Eglinton, County Londonderry; the terminal building, two aircraft hangars and four planes are destroyed
  • 1978 3rd Toronto International Film Festival: "Girlfriends" directed by Claudia Weill wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1979 Two RAF Hawker Siddeley Harrier jump-jets from RAF Wittering collide over Wisbech in Cambridgeshire. Both pilots eject safely, but three people killed and several injured when one of the aircraft destroys 3 dwellings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin publish influential paper (cited more than 4,000 times) "The Spandrels of San Marco and the panglossian paradigm", introducing idea of "spandrels" into evolutionary biology

Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist Stephen Jay Gould
Paleontologist and Evolutionary Biologist
Stephen Jay Gould
  • 1980 Kerry GAA beat Roscommon GAA in Croke Park during the All-Ireland Football Final by 1-9 to 1-6 thus winning the championship and a three-in-a-row.
  • 1981 Belize (British Honduras) gains independence from UK

Birthdays in History

  • 1051 Bertha of Savoy, German queen and Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1087)
  • 1328 Hongwu, 1st Emperor of Ming Dynasty of China (1368-98), born in Haozhou, Henan Jiangbei, Yuan Empire (d. 1398)
  • 1372 Frederick I van Hohenzollern, Monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40), born in Free Imperial City of Nuremberg (d. 1440)
  • 1411 Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne, born in Conisbrough, England (d. 1460)
  • 1415 Frederick III of Innsbruck, German Emperor (1440-1493), born in Innsbruck, Tyrol (d. 1493)
  • 1428 Jingtai, 7th Emperor of the Ming dynasty of China (1449-57), born in Beijing (d. 1457)
  • 1452 Girolamo Savonarola, Italian preacher and dictator of Florence (1494-98), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1498)
  • 1629 Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London (d. 1694)
  • 1645 Louis Jolliet, Canadian explorer (explored the origins of the Mississippi River helped by the Native American), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1700)
  • 1695 John Glas, Scottish Presbyterian clergyman (started Glasite church movement), born in Auchtermuchty, Fife, Scotland (d. 1773)
  • 1706 Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg, Queen consort of Sardinia, born in Langenschwalbach, Hesse (d. 1735)
  • 1752 Louise of Stolberg-Gedern, Countess of Albany, born in Mons, Austrian Netherlands (d. 1824)
  • 1756 John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer and road builder who created macadam road surface (asphalt), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • 1758 Christopher Gore, American lawyer and politician (8th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Boston, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1827)
  • 1760 Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet, born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • 1788 Margaret Taylor, wife of Zachary Taylor and 1st lady of the United States (1849-50), born in Calvert County, Maryland (d. 1852)
  • 1809 Sophia Hawthorne, American writer, painter and illustrator, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1871)
  • 1817 Carter L. Stevenson, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1888)
  • 1819 Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza, born in Élysée Palace, Paris, France (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Williams Carter Wickham, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1888)
  • 1824 Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn, American Baptist Minister and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Webster, Pennsylvania (d. 1901)
  • 1827 Michael Corcoran, Irish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in County Sligo, Ireland (d. 1863)
  • 1832 Samuel S. Carroll, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Takoma Park, Maryland (d. 1893)
  • 1840 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1904)
  • 1842 Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1849 Edmund Gosse, English poet, author (Father & Son) and critic, born in London (d. 1928)
  • 1853 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist (liquid helium, Nobel 1913), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1926)
  • 1859 Cyriel Buysse, Flemish baron and writer (Sursum Corda, Ace Knave), born in Nevele, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • 1862 James E. Talmage, English religious leader (LDS Church apostle), born in Hungerford, Berkshire, England (d. 1933)
  • 1866 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1928), born in Rouen, France (d. 1936)

Person of interestH. G. Wells

1866 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (War of the Worlds, Kipps), born in Bromley, Kent (d. 1946)

Author H. G. Wells
Author
H. G. Wells
  • 1867 Henry L. Stimson, American statesman (46th United States Secretary of State), born in NYC, New York (d. 1950)
  • 1871 Ernst Heldring, Dutch ship owner and financier, born in Amsterdam (d. 1954)
  • 1886 Teiichi Igarashi, Japanese mountaineer who climbed Mt Fuji at age 99
  • 1895 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet, born in Konstantinovo, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1898 Tushar Kanti Ghosh, Indian journalist and world's oldest and longest serving newspaper editor
  • 1899 Luc Haesaerts, Flemish art critic (Flandre), born in Antwerp (d. 1962)
  • 1899 Frederick Coutts, Scottish 8th General of The Salvation Army, born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1986)
  • 1902 Allen Lane, English publisher and founder of Penguin Books, born in Bristol, England (d. 1970)
  • 1904 Hans Hartung, German-French painter, born in Leipzig, German Empire (d. 1989)
  • 1906 Henry Beachell, American plant breeder, born in Waverly, Nebraska (d. 2006)
  • 1907 Helen Foster Snow, American journalist (reported from China in the 1930s), born in Cedar City, Utah (d. 1997)

Person of interestKwame Nkrumah

1909 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60) and 1st President of Ghana (1960-66), born in Nkroful, Gold Coast (Ghana) (d. 1972)

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1913 Ulrich Ernst Simon, German-Jewish Anglican theologian, born in Berlin (d. 1997)
  • 1914 John Kluge, American television mogul (Metromedia) and at one time the richest person in the United States, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 2010)
  • 1916 Jagernath Lachmon, Surinamese politician, born in Nickerie, Suriname (d. 2001)
  • 1916 Françoise Giroud, French journalist and politician (French Minister of Culture), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 2003)
  • 1917 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (Crank-Nicolson method), born in Macclesfield, Cheshire, England (d. 1968)
  • 1919 Aya Zikken, Dutch author (Atlasvlinder, Rameh), born in Epe, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1919 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani modernist scholar, born in Hazara District, Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • 1922 Lee Hee-ho, Korean activist and first lady for her husband President Kim Dae-jung, born in Seoul, Japanese Korea (d. 2019)
  • 1926 Donald A. Glaser, American physicist (Nobel 1960), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2013)
  • 1929 Bernard Williams, English moral philosopher, born in Westcliff, Essex, England (d. 2003)
  • 1936 Yury Luzhkov, Russian politician (2nd Mayor of Moscow, 1992-2010), born in Moscow
  • 1940 Hermann Knoflacher, Austrian civil engineer, born in Villach, Austria
  • 1941 R. James Woolsey, Jr., American lawyer and director of Central Intelligence Agency, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1942 Ann Elder, American comedienne (Smothers Brothers Show, Laugh-In), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1944 Hamilton Jordan, political advisor (Crisis, Last Year of Carter Pres)
  • 1944 Steve Beshear, American politician (D) Governor of Kentucky (2007-2015), born in Dawson Springs, Kentucky
  • 1945 Bjarni V Tryggvason, Reykjavik Iceland, astronaut (STS 85)
  • 1945 Ombrettqa Colli, Italian entertainer
  • 1945 Shaw Clifton, the 18th General of The Salvation Army
  • 1946 Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss Federal Councilor

Person of interestStephen King

1947 Stephen King, American sci-fi and horror author (Carrie, Shining, Kujo), born in Portland, Maine

Horror Author Stephen King
Horror Author
Stephen King
  • 1947 Marsha Norman, American playwright
  • 1948 Artis Gilmore, ABA all star (Kentucky Colonels)
  • 1949 Peter Cronjé, South African rugby union center (7 caps; Transvaal, Natal), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2020)
  • 1950 Charles Clarke, British politician
  • 1951 Bob Franks, (Rep-R-NJ)
  • 1951 Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen rebel leader (d. 2005)
  • 1952 Anneliese Michel, German exorcism victim (d. 1976)

Person of interestShinzō Abe

1954 Shinzō Abe, Prime Minister of Japan (2006-07 and 2012-), born in Nagato, Japan

Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō Abe
Prime Minister of Japan
Shinzō Abe
  • 1954 Julia Grant [prev George Roberts], transgender activist featured in "A Change of Sex", born in Blackpool, England (d. 2019)
  • 1955 Richard J Hieb, astronaut (STS 39, 49, 65), born in Jamestown, North Dakota
  • 1955 Mika Kaurismäki, Finnish director
  • 1957 Kevin Rudd, Australian politician, Prime Minister (2013), born in Nambour, Queensland
  • 1958 Bruno Fitoussi, French poker player
  • 1961 Michel R Vassallucci, French/Neth publisher (Arena)
  • 1966 Ronna Reeves, Big Spring TX

Person of interestSamantha Power

1970 Samantha Power, Irish American author and diplomat (US Ambassador to the UN), born in Dublin, Ireland

Journalist and Diplomat Samantha Power
Journalist and Diplomat
Samantha Power
  • 1973 Vanessa Grigoriadis, American journalist
  • 1985 Joe Wicks, British fitness coach, presenter and author (The Body Coach), born in Epsom, England
  • 1988 Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Pakistani politician

Weddings in History

  • 1371 English Prince John of Gaunt marries Constance of Castile (17), heir of Peter of Castile and Leon

LoveWedding of Interest

1945 Publisher Malcolm Forbes (26) weds Roberta Remsen Laidlaw

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Publisher
Malcolm Forbes

LoveWedding of Interest

1996 Elder son of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and magazine publisher John F. Kennedy Jr. (35) weds Caroline Bisset (30) at the wood-frame Brack Chapel of the First African Baptist Church in Cumberland Island, Georgia

Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr.
Publisher and Lawyer
John F. Kennedy Jr.

LoveWedding of Interest

2013 US billionaire investor and active supporter of liberal political causes George Soros (83) weds health care and education consultant Tamiko Bolton (42) at his estate in Bedford, New York

Investor and Political Activist George Soros
Investor and Political Activist
George Soros

Deaths in History


Person of interestVirgil

19 BC Virgil [Publius Vergilius Maro], Roman poet of the Augustan period (Aeneid), dies at 50

Roman Poet Virgil
Roman Poet
Virgil

MurderFlavius Aetius

454 Flavius Aetius, Roman general (Battle of the Catalaunian Plains), assassinated by Valentinian

Roman General Flavius Aetius
Roman General
Flavius Aetius
  • 687 Conon, Sicilian Pope (686-87), dies
  • 1217 Lembitu of Lehola, Estonian soldier

MurderEdward II

1327 Edward II, King of England (1307-1327), likely assassinated at 43

King of England Edward II
King of England
Edward II
  • 1397 Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (executed) (b. 1346)
  • 1433 Zweder van Kuilenberg, bishop of Utrecht
  • 1440 Frederick I van Hohenzollern, Monarch of Brandenburg (1417-40), dies at 68
  • 1481 Bartholomeus Platinum, Italian humanist/pontifical librarian, dies
  • 1519 Hans Backofen/Backoffen, German sculptor, dies at about 49
  • 1520 Selam I Jawuz, the Barse, poet/cruel sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1542 Juan Boscán Almogáver, Spanish poet

Person of interestCharles V

1558 Charles V, King of Spain (1516-56) and Holy Roman Emperor (1519-56), dies of malaria at 58

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1586 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), dies at 69
  • 1626 François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (b. 1543)
  • 1629 John Pieterszoon Coen, merchant/gov-gen of East-Indies, dies at 42
  • 1705 Willem Hadriaan of Nassau, corrupt mister of Odijck, dies
  • 1719 Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (b. 1647)
  • 1743 Jai Singh II, King of Amber-Juiper (b. 1688)
  • 1748 John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
  • 1796 François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1798 George Read, American judge and signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
  • 1820 Joseph R Drake, American poet (American Flag), dies at 25)
  • 1832 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake, Ivanhoe), dies at 61
  • 1860 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1874 JBAL Leonce Elie the Beaumont, French geologist, dies at 75
  • 1883 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch man of letters/theologist, dies at 65
  • 1887 William Preston, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 70
  • 1897 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (b. 1819)
  • 1904 Chief Joseph, US indian chief (Nez Perces), dies
  • 1905 Rudolf Baumbach, German writer of student drinking songs, dies at 64
  • 1906 Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator, dies at 72
  • 1911 Arab Pasha, "al-Misri" [Pasha Ahmad Arab), Egyptian minister, dies
  • 1915 Anthony Comstock, anti-vice crusader, dies at 71 in NYC
  • 1921 José Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rican physician, sociologist and political leader, dies at 64
  • 1926 Reginald Heber Roe, 1st Vice-Chancellor of the University of Queensland and 2nd Headmaster of Brisbane Grammar School, dies at 76
  • 1926 Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (b. 1857)
  • 1933 Eduard van Oort, Dutch ornithologist (Ornithology of Netherlands), dies at 56
  • 1937 Henri Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie), dies at 72
  • 1938 Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer (The Brave Adventures of Lapitch), dies at 64
  • 1939 Armand Călinescu, Prime Minister of Romania, assassinated by the iron guard at 46
  • 1946 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo), dies at 66
  • 1950 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 1954 Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor (b. 1858)
  • 1955 Jacqueline Reyneke van Stuwe, Dutch author, dies at 84
  • 1956 Anastasio Somoza García [Tacho], General, dictator and President of Nicaragua (1937-56), assassinated by Roliberto Lopez at 60
  • 1957 Haakon VII, King of Norway (1905-57), dies at 85
  • 1961 Earle Dickson, American inventor (Band-Aid), dies at 68
  • 1963 Paulino Masip, Spanish playwright (b. 1899)
  • 1964 Jim Koethe, Dallas Times Herald reporter, killed by karate chop
  • 1966 Paul Reynaud, Premier of France (May-June 1940), dies at 87
  • 1970 Gijsbert Friedhoff, Dutch architect (Wibautstrat tax office, Amsterdam), dies at 78
  • 1971 Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947), dies at 84
  • 1972 Henry de Montherlant, French novelist and stage author (La Reine Morte), dies at 76
  • 1973 William Plomer, South African-British libretto writer (Curlew River), dies at 69

Person of interestJacqueline Susann

1974 Jacqueline Susann, American author (Valley of the Dolls), dies of cancer at 56

  • 1976 Orlando Letelier, Chilean economist and politician, dies at 44
  • 1982 Hovhannes Bagramyan, Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union of Armenian origin, dies at 84
  • 1983 Andrew Brewin, Canadian lawyer and MP for Greenwood, dies at 76
  • 1985 Gu Long, Taiwanese writer of wuxia novels (b. 1937)
  • 1986 Pierre Wigny, Belgium minister of Foreign affairs (1958-61), dies at 81
  • 1988 Henry Koster, director, dies
  • 1988 Robert Gwathmey, artist, dies at 85
  • 1988 Glenn Robert Davis, American politician, dies at 73
  • 1988 Walter Vogt, Swiss writer (Wüthrich) and psychiatrist, dies at 61
  • 1989 F Fischer, German war criminal (4, Two of Breda), dies
  • 1991 JA Mommersteeg, Dutch state sect of Defense (KVP), dies
  • 1992 Hans Rosenberg, astronomer/alderman of Utrecht, dies
  • 1994 Arthur Krim, American director (United Artists, Orion Pictures), dies
  • 1994 Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock, railway Writer, dies at 69
  • 1995 John Lapsley, British air marshal, dies at 78
  • 1995 William Murray, British teacher and educationalist, dies at 83
  • 1995 Rudy Perpich, American politician, 34th & 36th Governor of Minnesota, dies at 67
  • 1996 John Stachniewski, scholar/teacher, dies at 42
  • 1996 Julius Silverman, British Labour Party politician, dies at 90
  • 1996 Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French nurse, who tried save Izieu children from Nazis, dies at 89
  • 1997 Tommy Cecil, Irish ferryman, dies at 51
  • 2000 Bryan Smith, Man who ran over Stephen King (b. 1957)
  • 2002 Robert L. Forward, American physicist and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2004 Barry Noble Wakeman, American naturalist and educator (b. 1939)
  • 2007 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), dies at 88
  • 2011 Pamela Ann Rymer, American federal appellate judge (b. 1941)
  • 2011 Troy Anthony Davis, American high-profile death row inmate and human rights activist (executed) (b. 1968)
  • 2011 Jun Henmi, Japanese writer and poet (b. 1939)
  • 2017 Liliane de Bettencourt, French heir to L'Oreal and richest woman in the world from 2016, dies at 94
  • 2019 Shuping Wang, Chinese doctor who exposed China's HIV crisis, dies at 59