On This Day

On This Day in History for September 22

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

66 Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
  • 530 Boniface II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 530 St Felix IV reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 530 Discorus begins his reign as Catholic anti-Pope
  • 1236 The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in Battle of Šiauliai.
  • 1499 Switzerland becomes an independent state
  • 1504 Settled engagement of Karel of Luxembourg & Claudia the Beaujeu

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1504 Treaty of Blois signed between Philip of Burgundy, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and French King Louis XII

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII
  • 1529 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey stripped of office as Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1586 Battle at Zutphen: Dutch army, assisted by the English, against the Spanish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1598 Playwright and poet Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter as the result of a duel

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson
  • 1656 All female jury hears case of Judith Catchpole, accused of killing her child (acquit her) in Patuxent County, Maryland
  • 1665 Moliere's comedic play "L'amour Medecin" premieres for King Louis XIV at Versailles

USASalem Witch Trials

1692 Last people hanged for witchcraft (8) in the US, 19 hanged overall, with six other deaths during Salem witch trials

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Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
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  • 1699 People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
  • 1711 French troops occupy Rio de Janeiro
  • 1733 Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1735 Robert Walpole becomes the first British "Prime Minister" (actually First Lord of the Treasury) to live at 10 Downing Street

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army returns to Edinburgh

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1753 Pangeran Gusti installed as Sultan of Banten
  • 1756 Nassau Hall opens at Princeton University

CrownRoyal Coronation

1761 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1772 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1773 Benjamin Franklin publishes a hoax letter "An Edict by the King of Prussia" in the Public Advertiser, criticising Britain's colonial policies in the American colonies

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1784 Russian trappers establish a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • 1789 US Congress passes act requiring the first Postmaster General to report to the President through the Secretary of the Treasury

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping the French king of his powers

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet
Enlightenment Philosopher
Marquis de Condorcet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1817 John Quincy Adams becomes US Secretary of State

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams

InventionScientific Discovery

1832 During his HMS Beagle voyage Charles Darwin discovers a large number of fossils at Punta Alta in Argentina

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1851 City of Des Moines, Iowa incorporated as Fort Des Moines
  • 1861 Fort Fauntleroy (Wingate) in New Mexico fires on and kills Navajo Indians after horse race dispute

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 US President Abraham Lincoln says he will free slaves in all states on Jan 1

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1864 Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia - General Early Retreats to Brown's Gap
  • 1864 Sheridan sets up camp in Harrisonburg, Virginia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1866 War of the Triple Alliance: Decisive battle of Curupayty results in a Paraguayan victory and heavy losses for Argentinian and Brazilian forces

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • 1868 Race riots in New Orleans, Louisiana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he speaks against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
  • 1885 Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the (then) longest reigning monarch in British history

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1905 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • 1906 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • 1906 In New Zealand Domestic workers call for a 68-hour working week
  • 1908 Bulgaria declares independence from the Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1910 The Duke of York's Cinema opened in Brighton. It is still operating today, making it the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain
  • 1913 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • 1913 George Cohan's "Seven Keys to Baldpate" premieres in NYC
  • 1913 The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • 1914 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany

1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • 1915 Southern Methodist University (Dallas, Texas) holds its 1st class
  • 1915 Xavier University, 1st Black Catholic College in US, opens in NO LA
  • 1919 -Jan 20] Steel strike in the US
  • 1921 The League of Nations accepts membership of independent Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
  • 1922 US Congress passes the Cable Act, under which an American women who marries an 'alien' will not lose citizenship; neither will a women marrying an American automatically become a citizen
  • 1926 Belgian crown prince Leopold and Swedish Princess Astrid get engaged
  • 1931 Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)
  • 1932 Hungarian government of Károlyi falls
  • 1934 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers
  • 1937 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody, Wyoming
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1937 Date celebrated as the first International Hobbit Day and the birthdays of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins
  • 1941 British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
  • 1943 British dwarf submarines attack German battleship Tirpitz
  • 1943 Destroyer HMS Itchen torpedoed and sinks
  • 1943 Destroyer HMS Keppel sinks U-229
  • 1944 Boulogne reoccupied by the Allies
  • 1944 US troops land on Ulithi atoll, western Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 President Jose P. Laurel declares the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • 1946 Canadian woman Evelyn Dick charged with butchering her husband in Hamilton, Ontario

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Omar Bradley promoted to rank of 5-star general in the United States Army

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1953 Islamic uprising in Atjeh, Indonesia
  • 1955 -28] Hurricane Janet, kills 500 in the Caribbean
  • 1957 Duke Snider's 39th & 40th home runs are last hit at Ebbets Field
  • 1958 US nuclear submarine USS Skate remains 31 days under the Pole (record)
  • 1960 Mali (formerly French Sudan) declares independence from France
  • 1961 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hrs 10 min at 42.
  • 1961 Jim Gentile's ties record of 5 grand slams in a year
  • 1963 Czechoslovakian premier Viliam Široký deposed by Josef Lenart
  • 1965 India and Pakistan cease-fire goes into effect, ending the Indo-Pakistani War

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1966 Edward Albee's play "Delicate Balance" premieres in NYC (Pulitzer Prize for Drama 1967)

Playwright Edward Albee
Edward Albee
  • 1966 Surveyor 2 crashes on the Moon, and all contact with it is lost
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 Iraq adopts constitution
  • 1968 Twins' Cesar Tovar pitched a hitless inning & plays all 9 positions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Ceremony to mark relocation of ancient Egyptian Abu Simbel temples, honoring Ramesses II after rebuilt 200 meters inland away from Aswan Dam

Pharoah of Ancient Egypt Ramesses II
Pharoah of Ancient Egypt
Ramesses II
  • 1969 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 US President Richard Nixon requests 1,000 new FBI agents for college campuses

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 OPEC directs members to negotiate price increases to offset the devaluation of the US dollar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Henry Kissinger sworn in as America's 1st Jewish Secretary of State, succeeds William Rogers

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1975 World Football League folds

MurderAssassination Attempt

1975 Second assassination attempt on US President Gerald Ford by Sara Jane Moore fails in San Francisco

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1977 Preston Jones' "Texas Trilogy" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 West German Red Army Faction terrorist kills policeman in Utrecht

Conference meetingSummit of Interest

1978 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin returns home after Camp David summit

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1979 Israel performs nuclear test at Indian Ocean
  • 1980 Iraq invades Iran in an attempt to control the Shatt al-Arab waterway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Sandra Day O'Connor appointed to US Supreme Court

1st Woman Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor
1st Woman Supreme Court Justice
Sandra Day O'Connor
  • 1982 San Francisco's cable cars made a final run before closing down for 20-month
  • 1983 NASA launches Galaxy-B

Birthdays in History

  • 130 Claudius Galenus, Italian physician and scholar

Person of interestAnne of Cleves

1515 Anne of Cleves, Queen of England (1539-40), 4th wife of Henry VIII, born in Dusseldorf, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1557)

Queen of England Anne of Cleves
Queen of England
Anne of Cleves
  • 1523 Charles de Bourbon, French cardinal, born in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, France (d. 1590)
  • 1547 Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (d. 1590)
  • 1601 Anna of Austria, Spanish princess, Austrian archduchess, Queen of France as wife of Louis XIII and regent of France (1643-51) for her son Louis XIV, born in Benavente Palace, Valladolid, Spain (d. 1666)
  • 1606 Li Zicheng "Dashing King", Chinese rebel (ousted Ming dynasty and briefly captured Beijing), born in Li Jiqian village, Shaanxi province (d. 1645)
  • 1680 Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (d. 1747)
  • 1694 Philip Dormer Stanhope [Lord Chesterfield], English statesman and letter writer, responsible for introducing Gregorian calendar, born in London (1752)
  • 1715 Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • 1717 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (d. 1783)
  • 1722 John Home, Scottish writer (Douglas), born in Ancrum, Scotland (d. 1808)
  • 1738 Dionysius Godefridus van der Keessel, Dutch jurist (Theses Selectae, Select Theses on the Laws of Holland and Zeeland), born in Deventer, Overijssel (d. 1816)
  • 1741 Peter Simon Pallas, German geologist and zoologist (scientific expeditions through Russia and Siberia), born in Berlin (d. 1811)
  • 1743 Quintin Craufurd, British author (friend of Marie Antoinette), born in Kilwinning, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • 1757 Herman Hendrik Vitringa, Dutch politician (National Meetings)
  • 1765 Paolo Ruffini, Italian mathematician (d. 1822)
  • 1788 Theodore Hook, English author, famous practical joker and recipient of the world's 1st postcard, born in London (d. 1841)

Person of interestMichael Faraday

1791 Michael Faraday, English scientist, discovered electromagnetic induction, invented 1st electric motor, born in Newington Butts, England (d. 1867)

Scientist and Inventor Michael Faraday
Scientist and Inventor
Michael Faraday
  • 1796 Cornelius Stribling, American Naval Commander (Mexican war, Civil War), born in Pendleton, South Carolina (d. 1880)
  • 1819 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)
  • 1822 Eppa Hunton, American representative and Brigadier-General who fought in most ANV campaigns, born in Warrenton, Virginia (d. 1908)
  • 1827 John Grubb Parke, American Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1900)
  • 1829 William Worth Belknap, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1829 Tự Đức, Emperor of Vietnam (1847-1883) (d. 1883)
  • 1833 Stephen Dill Lee, American 1st president of Mississippi State University, Lt General in Confederate Army, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1908)
  • 1849 John Godden, English miner (Klein Curacao)
  • 1864 Lodewijk van Deyssel, Dutch writer (A Love Affair), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1952)
  • 1876 André Tardieu, French politician, Prime Minister of France (192-30, 1930, 1932), born in Paris, France (d. 1945)
  • 1878 Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese Prime Minister (1946-54), born in Yokosuka (d. 1967)
  • 1880 Asser B. Kleerekoper, Dutch journalist and politician, 2nd-Member of parliament (SDAP) (d. 1943)
  • 1880 Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragist, daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst, born in Manchester, England (d. 1958)

Person of interestWilhelm Keitel

1882 Wilhelm Keitel, Nazi Military Leader (head of the German High Command), born in Helmscherode, German Empire (d. 1946)

German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • 1885 Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (Skogskyrkogården), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1940)
  • 1885 Ben Chifley, Australian politician and the 16th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1945-49), born in Bathurst, Colony of New South Wales, Australia (d. 1951)
  • 1890 Ferdinand Gonseth, Swiss mathematician and philosopher, born in Sonvilier, Switzerland (d. 1975)
  • 1895 Babette Deutsch, American poet (Animal vegetable mineral), born in New York City (d. 1982)
  • 1900 William Spratling, American silversmith who worked in Mexico, born in Sonyea, New York (d. 1967)
  • 1900 Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1901 Charles Huggins, American-Canadian physician and cancer researcher (1966 Nobel Prize), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1997)
  • 1901 Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Russian woman who was the 2nd wife of Joseph Stalin, born in Baku, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • 1902 F R Boschvogel [Frans Ramon], Flemish writer (War of Worlds), born in Aartrijk, Belgium (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Joseph Valachi, American gangster (Genovese mafia family), born in New York City (d. 1971)
  • 1904 Ellen Church, American 1st female airline stewardess (United flight in 1930 from San Francisco to Cheyenne), born in Cresco, Iowa (d. 1965)
  • 1905 Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (d. 1964)
  • 1906 Phyllis Hartnoll, English writer and editor, born in Lyme Regis, England (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Ilse Koch, Nazi war criminal (commonly known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald"), born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1909 David Riesman, US sociologist (Lonely Crowd)
  • 1918 Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (Die Weisse Rose) (d. 1943)
  • 1919 Jack Russell, American singer (Your Show of Shows), born in Saratoga Springs, New York
  • 1920 Anders Lassen, Danish military officer (posthumously awarded Britain's Victoria Cross) born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1945)
  • 1922 Chen Ning Yang, Chinese physicist (disproved parity, Nobel Prize for Physics 1957), born in Hofei, Anwhei, China
  • 1923 Dannie Abse, Welsh poet and writer, born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Abdulrahman Mohamed Babu, revolutionary, politician and pan-Africanist (Zanzibar revolution), born in Zanzibar, Sultanate of Zanzibar(d. 1996)
  • 1924 Charles Keeping, British illustrator (The Highwayman), born in London, England (d. 1988)
  • 1924 Rosamunde Pilcher, English novelist (The Shell Seekers), born in Lelant, England (d. 2019)
  • 1925 Raymond Edwards, American doo-wop bass (The Silhouettes - "Get A Job"), born in Virginia (d. 1997)
  • 1927 Eligio [Kika] De La Garza, American politician (Rep-D-Texas, 1965-97), born in Mercedes, Texas (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Eric Broadley, British automotive engineer (Lola Cars)
  • 1929 William E. Dannemeyer, American politician who opposed LGBT rights (Rep-R-CA, 1979-93), born in Long Beach, California (d. 2019)
  • 1930 Antonio Saura, Spanish painter, born in Huesca, Spain (d. 1998)
  • 1931 Fay Weldon, British feminist and writer (The Lives and Loves of a She-Devil), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1931 George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Manzoor Ahmad, Pakistani philosopher and scientist, born in Rampur, British India
  • 1936 Bill Orton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Utah), born in North Ogden, Utah (d. 2009)
  • 1938 Sol Amarfio, Ghanaian drummer and musician (Osibisa), born in Accra, Gold Coast
  • 1939 Junko Tabei, Japanese mountain-climber, 1st woman to climb Mount Everest, born in Miharu (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Mike Sullivan, American politician (Gov-Wyoming 1987-95), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1939 Timothy Wirth, American politician (Rep-D-CO, 1975-87), President of United Nations Foundation, born in Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1939 Gilbert E. Patterson, American minister and presiding bishop of the Church of God in Christ (d. 2007)
  • 1940 Li Zhensheng, Chinese photographer during the Cultural Revolution, born in Dalian, China (d. 2020)
  • 1941 Jeremiah Wright, American pastor (f Trinity United Church of Christ), born in Philadelphia, Pennslyvania
  • 1942 Dick Pickering, British trade unionist, born in Manchester, England (d. 1996)
  • 1944 John S. Tanner, American politician (Rep-D-Tennessee 1989-2011), born in Halls, Tennessee
  • 1946 Dan Lungren, American politician (Rep-R-California, 1979-88, 2005-13), born in Long Beach, california
  • 1946 Dan Baker, American public address announcer
  • 1947 Norma McCorvey, American abortion activist (Jane Roe in Roe vs Wade) who later became pro-life, born in Simmesport, Louisiana (d. 2017)
  • 1947 Mike Sexton, American poker player (World Series of Poker Tournament of Champions 2006; Poker Hall of Fame) and commentator (WPT), born in Shelbyville, Indiana (d. 2020)
  • 1948 Mark Phillips, British equestrian (Olympic Gold 1972), ex of princess Anne, born in Tetbury, England
  • 1948 Denis Burke, Australian politician, born in Townsville, Queensland
  • 1949 Jim Keith, American conspiracy theorist and author (d. 1999)
  • 1949 Jim McGinty, Australian politician (Labour), born in Kalgoorlie, Australia
  • 1952 Bob Goodlatte, American politician (Rep-R-Virginia 1993-2019), born in Holyoke, Massachusetts
  • 1953 Ségolène Royal, French politician (Socialist party), 1st Frenchwoman to be nominated for the Presidency by a major party, born in Dakar, French West Africa
  • 1955 John Brennan, American Director of the CIA (2013-18), born in North Bergen, New Jersey
  • 1958 Neil Cavuto, American television commentator (Fox), born in Westbury, New York
  • 1959 David Bawden [Pope Michael], American anti-pope, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1960 Scott Baio, (Joanie Loves Chachi, Charles in Charge, Zapped), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1962 Diogo Mainardi, Brazilian writer
  • 1966 David Adjaye, Ghanaian British architect (Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture), born in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 1971 Princess Märtha Louise of Norway, daughter of King Harald V of Norway and clairvoyant, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 2007 Albert Windsor, English son of Lord Nicholas Windsor, (1st royal child to be baptized a Catholic since 1688)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1794 Physicist Alessandro Volta (49) weds Teresa Peregrini

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta

LoveWedding of Interest

1854 Future railroad magnate Mark Hopkins Jr. marries Mary Sherwood

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Mark Hopkins
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Mark Hopkins

LoveWedding of Interest

1973 Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz (50) weds Jean Forsyth Clyde

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Charles M. Schulz
  • 1984 Brussels Princess Astrid marries Archduke Lorenz of Austrian-Este at Church of Our Lady of "De Zavel

Deaths in History

  • 1072 Ouyang Xiu, Chinese historian and scholar-official (b. 1007)
  • 1093 Olaf III, King of Norway (1067-93), founder of Bergen, dies at about 43
  • 1197 Petrus Cantor, French theologist (Verbum Abbreviatum), dies
  • 1253 Dōgen, Japanese Buddhist priest and founder of the Sōtō school of Zen, dies at 53
  • 1286 Mugaku Sogen, Zen Rinzai line founder of Engakuji temple, dies at 60
  • 1345 Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Leicester (b. 1281)
  • 1392 Aleid van Poelgeest, lover of earl Albrecht of Bavaria, murdered at 22
  • 1392 Willem Cuser, earl Albrecht of Beierens, murdered
  • 1399 Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1366)
  • 1408 Johannes VII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (1376-77, 90/1404-8), dies
  • 1520 Selim I, Sultan of Turkey (1512-20) who captured Baghdad, dies at 53
  • 1531 Louise Van Savoye, French regent of King Francis I, dies at 55

Person of interestGuru Nanak

1539 Guru Nanak, Founder of the religion of Sikhism and the 1st Sikh Guru, dies at 70

Founder of Sikhism Guru Nanak
Founder of Sikhism
Guru Nanak

Person of interestFrancisco Vázquez de Coronado

1554 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer and conquistador who led 1st European expedition to discover the Grand Canyon, dies of disease at about 44

Explorer and Conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
Explorer and Conquistador
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
  • 1566 John Agricola [Schneider], German theologian, a friend of Martin Luther, dies at 72
  • 1607 Alessandro Allori, Italian Mannerist painter and director of the Florentine carpet factory, dies at 72
  • 1658 Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, German poet and translator, dies at 50
  • 1662 John Biddle, English theologian (b. 1615)
  • 1702 Hoessein Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (peace of Karlowitz), dies
  • 1703 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (Viviani's theorem), dies at 81
  • 1774 Pope Clement XIV [Giovanni Ganganelli], Pope (1769-74), dies at 68

BattleNathan Hale

1776 Nathan Hale, US captain, patriot and spy, hanged by the British for spying at 21

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale
  • 1777 John Bartram, American naturalist and explorer, father of American botany, dies at 77
  • 1814 August Wilhelm Iffland, German writer and actor, dies at 55
  • 1826 Johann Peter Hebel, German writer (Allemannische Gedichte), dies at 66
  • 1828 Shaka, South African Zulu king, founder of the Zulu nation, murdered (b. c. 1787)
  • 1840 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, 6th child and second daughter of King George III and Queen Charlotte, dies at 71
  • 1852 William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer, dies at 69
  • 1865 Heinrich Christian Pander, Baltic German biologist and embryologist, dies at 71
  • 1872 Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer, dies at 70
  • 1873 Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss politician, dies at 62
  • 1881 Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (b. 1831)
  • 1890 Johanna D. Courtmans-Berchmans, Flemish author (Rozeken Pot), dies at 79
  • 1897 Charles-Denis Bourbaki, French general (Crimean War, Franco-Prussian war), dies at 81
  • 1914 Alain-Fournier, French writer (Le Grand Meaulnes), dies in battle at 27
  • 1921 Ivan Vazov, Bulgarian poet, novelist and playwright (Under the Yoke), dies at 71
  • 1923 Marquess of Ripon, English aristocrat and game hunter, dies, after shooting 52nd grouse in one morning at 71
  • 1934 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted monument Stonehenge to the British nation, dies at 58
  • 1944 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • 1952 Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first President of Finland (b. 1865)
  • 1952 Ian Hay [John Hay Beith], British novelist and playwright (Pip, Carrying On), dies at 76

Person of interestFrederick Soddy

1956 Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 79

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy
  • 1957 Soemu Toyoda, Japanese admiral during World War II, dies at 72
  • 1958 Mary Roberts Rinehart, American mystery writer and playwright (The Circular Staircase), dies at 82
  • 1959 Benjamin Peret, French writer and poet (Le grand jeu), dies at 60
  • 1959 Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, British fieldmarshal, dies at 79
  • 1960 Melanie Klein, Austrian-British author and child psychoanalyst (object relations theory), dies at 78
  • 1965 Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American bridge engineer, dies at 86
  • 1969 Adolfo López Mateos, 48th President of Mexico, dies at 59
  • 1972 Robert KJE Antonissen, Belgian-born South African literary figure, dies at 53
  • 1985 Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate (Bild Zeitung), dies at 73
  • 1987 Christopher Stryker, entertainer, dies at 27
  • 1988 Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst, dies at 74
  • 1991 Pandit Rambharos Gangaram Panday, Suriname religious leader, dies
  • 1991 Reynold Abel Dorris, (Broken Cord), dies at 23 in car crash
  • 1993 Margaret MacDonald, maid to Queen Elizabeth, dies at 89
  • 1994 Forest 'Bud' Sagendorf, American cartoonist (Popeye), dies at 79
  • 1994 Edward Shackleton, English explorer, geographer and Labour Party politician, dies at 83
  • 1995 Albert Goodwin, English historian, dies at 89
  • 1995 Arthur Benfield, head of Cheshire CID, dies at 82
  • 1996 Mohammed Ben Amhed Abdelghani, Prime Minister of Algeria (1979-84), dies
  • 1997 Bryan Woods, soldier/clerk, dies at 76
  • 1997 Eric William Hunter Christie, barrister, dies at 77
  • 1997 Bryan Ingham, English artist, dies at 61
  • 1997 Ruth Picardie, journalist, dies at 33
  • 1997 Shoichi Yokoi, Japanese WW II fighter (surrendered in 1972), dies at 82
  • 1997 George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, British politician (Speaker of the House of Commons), dies at 97
  • 1999 Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist, dies at 81
  • 2000 Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator and flying ace of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, dies at 84
  • 2000 Yehuda Amichai, Israeli poet (Now and in Other Days), dies at 76
  • 2002 Jan de Hartog, Dutch-English writer (Holland's Glory), dies at 88
  • 2003 Hugo Young, British journalist (The Guardian), dies at 64
  • 2004 Edward Larrabee Barnes, American architect (Walker Art Center), dies at 89
  • 2007 Marcel Marceau, French mime artist (Bip the Clown), dies at 84
  • 2008 Thomas Doerflein, German Zookeeper (b. 1963)
  • 2013 David Hubel, Canadian-born American neurologist and Nobel laureate, dies at 87