On This Day

On This Day in History for September 25

Events in History

  • 303 On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France.
  • 953 Ratherius becomes bishop of Luik
  • 955 Bishop Ratherius of Luik flees

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge: English army under King Harold II defeat invading Norwegians led by King Harald Hardrada and Harold's brother Tostig, who were both killed

King of England Harold II
King of England
Harold II
  • 1212 Emperor Frederik II ends Golden Degree (Bohemia)
  • 1237 Treaty of York signed between kings Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland establishing boundary between the two countries (mostly unchanged in modern times)
  • 1340 England & France sign disarmament treaty
  • 1396 Battle of Nicopolis: Sultan Bajezid I defeats Crusades armies
  • 1492 Crewman on Pinta sights "land"-a few weeks early
  • 1513 Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa crosses the Panama Isthmus becoming first European to see the Pacific Ocean
  • 1555 Freedom of Religion in Augsburg

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1560 Spanish King Philip II names Frederik Schenck of Toutenburg as 1st archbishop of Utrecht

King of Spain Philip II of Spain
King of Spain
Philip II of Spain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1597 Amiens surrenders to French King Henry IV

  • 1639 First printing press in America
  • 1639 Suzuki Shosan, Samurai monk of Zen Buddhism, found awakening
  • 1654 England & Denmark sign trade agreement

  • 1663 Austrian Fort Neuhausl surrenders to invading Turkish army
  • 1690 Publick Occurrences, first newspaper in the American colonies (Boston), publishes first & last edition

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 Benedict Arnold joins the British

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold
  • 1781 -26] Joan Derks scatters "On the People of Netherlands" pamphlets

USABill of Rights

1789 US Congress proposes the Bill of Rights

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The bill of rights as it was created on September 25, 1789
The bill of rights as it was created on September 25, 1789
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  • 1804 Twelfth Amendment to the US Constitution, establishing the procedure for electing the President and Vice President, becomes effective
  • 1820 French Physicist François Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself

MurderAssassination Attempt

1829 Failed assassination attempt on Simon Bolívar

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors at St Michael
  • 1846 US troops under General Zachery Taylor occupy Monterey, Mexico, during Mexican–American War
  • 1857 Relief of Lucknow by Havelock & Outram begins
  • 1861 Secretary of US Navy authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • 1862 Skirmish at Davis' Bridge, Tennessee
  • 1867 Congress creates 1st all-black university, Howard U in Washington, D.C.
  • 1868 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
  • 1878 British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
  • 1888 Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • 1897 1st British bus service opens
  • 1904 Charles Follis is 1st black to play professional American football

  • 1906 John Galsworthy's "Silver Box" premieres in London
  • 1906 Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the Telekino at Bilbao before a great crowd, guiding a boat from the shore, considered the birth of the remote control
  • 1909 Hudson-Fulton Celebration opens in NY
  • 1911 French battleship Liberte explodes at Toulon Harbor, 285 killed
  • 1911 Groundbreaking begins in Boston for Fenway Park
  • 1912 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City
  • 1915 Battle of Loos commenced, lasted until 14th October. Chlorine gas deployed by the British was blown back into their own trenches: 59,000 British & 26,000 German casualties
  • 1915 The Second Battle of Champagne begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a breakdown in Colorado, his health never recovers

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Vern Bradburn of Winnipeg Victorias kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1922 Giants beat St Louis, to clinch John McGraw's 8th pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Henry Ford announces an 8 hour, 5-day work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1926 International slavery convention signed by 20 states

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1926 Mackenzie King is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • 1929 Queen-mother Emma opens Antonie van Leeuwenhoek House in Amsterdam
  • 1930 Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
  • 1930 Zoe Akins' "Greeks Had a Word for it" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 Poona Act signed by Madan Mohan Malaviya and B R. Amedkar in India, reserving legislative seats for depressed classes (untouchables)
  • 1933 1st state poorhouse opens in Smyrna, Georgia
  • 1933 5th "extermination campaign" against communists in Nanjing China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 John Van Druten's "Distaff Side" premieres in NYC

Playwright John Van Druten
John Van Druten

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1935 Maxwell Anderson's play "Winterset" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson
  • 1936 Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
  • 1937 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
  • 1937 Battle of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
  • 1939 German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • 1939 Andorra and Germany sign a treaty ending WW I, as Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 German High Commissioner in Norway sets up Vidkun Quisling government

Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator Vidkun Quisling
Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator
Vidkun Quisling
  • 1943 Soviet troops liberate Smolensk
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Evangelist Billy Graham begins his "Los Angeles Crusade" in a circus tent erected in a parking lot

Evangelist Billy Graham
Billy Graham
  • 1952 Hal Newhouser of Tigers wins his 200th game

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1954 Francois "Doc" Duvalier wins Haitian presidential election

Dictator and President of Haiti François Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
François Duvalier
  • 1954 Indians win AL record 111 games
  • 1955 The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • 1956 Transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation from Newfoundland to Oban
  • 1957 300 US Army troops guard 9 black kids return to Central High School in Arkansas
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • 1957 Soviet 7 year plan (1959-1965) announced
  • 1960 For 1st time since 1927, Pirates clinch NL pennant

  • 1962 Black church is destroyed by fire in Macon, Georgia
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 "New Painting of Common Objects" exhibition at Pasadena Art Museum opens - 1st show on American Pop Art
  • 1964 Jens Otto Krag forms minority government in Denmark
  • 1965 Children find trunk with corpse in Amsterdam canal
  • 1972 Dutch air force drives away Russian Tupolev-bomber
  • 1972 Norway votes to join European common market
  • 1973 3-man crew of Skylab 3 make safe splashdown in Pacific after 59 days
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Scientists first report that freon gases from aerosol sprays are destroying the ozone layer
  • 1975 Jackie Wilson suffers heart attack & lapse into a 9 yr terminal coma
  • 1976 Expo's last game at Montreal's Jarry Park
  • 1978 PSA Boeing 727 & a Cessna private plane collide by San Diego, 144 die
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 The first congress of the Democratic Youth Organization of Afghanistan held in Kabul.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Sandra Day O'Connor sworn in as the 1st female US Supreme Court Justice

1st Woman Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor
1st Woman Supreme Court Justice
Sandra Day O'Connor
  • 1982 Northwestern ends 34 football game losing streak, beats No Ill 31-6
  • 1982 Penn prison guard George Banks kills 13 (5 were his own children)
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Bob Forsch pitches 2nd career no-hitter, Cards beat Expos 3-0
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • 1984 Egypt & Jordan regain diplomatic relations
  • 1985 Akali Dal wins Punjab State election in India

Birthdays in History

  • 1358 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1408)
  • 1525 Steven Borough, English explorer, born in Northam, Devon, England (d. 1584)
  • 1542 Elisabeth van Nassau, daughter of Willem & Juliana van Stolberg, born in Dillenburg (d. 1603)
  • 1593 Matthew Merian the Elder, Swiss engraver and bookseller, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1650)
  • 1599 Francesco Borromini, Italian sculptor and architect, born in Bissone, Italy (d. 1667)
  • 1612 Mark Zuesius Boxhorn, Dutch historian, born in Bergen-op-Zoom, The Netherlands (d. 1653)
  • 1613 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician (east facade of the Louvre), born in Paris, France
  • 1644 Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1710)

Person of interestHenry Pelham

1694 Henry Pelham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1743-54) who introduced the Gin Acts, born in Laughton, England (d. 1754)

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
  • 1711 Qianlong Emperor of China, 6th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, born in Beijing, China (d. 1799)
  • 1729 Christian G. Heyne, German archaeologist, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1738 Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware, born in New Castle County, Delaware (d. 1789)
  • 1744 Frederick Willem II, King of Prussia (1786-97), born in Berlin Palace, Berlin (d. 1797)

Person of interestFletcher Christian

1764 Fletcher Christian, English sailor who led the mutiny on the HMS Bounty, born in Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England (d. ~1790-93)

  • 1766 Armand-Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (1815-18, 1820-21), born in Paris (d. 1822)
  • 1773 Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist, born in Mairago, Italy (d. 1856)
  • 1780 Jason Fairbanks, American murderer, born in Dedham, Massachusetts (d. 1801)
  • 1782 Charles Robert Maturin, Irish playwright and novelist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1824)
  • 1793 Felicia Dorothea Hemans, English poet, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1835)
  • 1796 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • 1798 Henri Scheffer, Dutch painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1862)
  • 1798 Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, French mine engineer and geologist, born in Canon, Calvados, France (d. 1874)
  • 1807 Alfred Vail, American inventor and early telegraph pioneer, born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1859)
  • 1822 Adolph von Steinwehr, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Blankenburg, Brunswick, Germany (d. 1877)
  • 1823 Thomas John Wood, American Major General (Union Army), born in Munfordville, Kentucky (d. 1906)
  • 1829 William Michael Rossetti, English writer and civil servant, born in London, England (d. 1919)
  • 1832 William Le Baron Jenney, American architect (father of skyscraper), born in Fairhaven, Massachusetts (d. 1907)
  • 1839 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), born in Bahlingen, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1839 Mina Kruseman, Dutch writer and feminist, born in Velp, Netherlands (d. 1922)
  • 1843 Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin, American geologist and educator, born in Mattoon, Illinois (d. 1928)
  • 1843 Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, born in Hartwick, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1846 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system), born in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1852 Cornelis Jacobus Snijders, Supreme commander of Dutch Navy (1910-18), born in Nieuwe-Tonge, Netherlands (d. 1939)
  • 1852 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy), born in Nehren, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1862 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1866 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1945)
  • 1867 Yevgeny Miller [Eugen Ludwig Müller], Baltic German general and a leader of the anticommunist White Army during and after the Russian Civil War, born in Dünaburg, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1872 Charles Blake Cochran, English theatrical manager and impresario, born in Sussex, England (d. 1951)
  • 1877 Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican revolutionary and president (1924-28), born in Guaymas, Mexico (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer and Father of the Philippine National Language and Grammar, born in Pasig, Philippines (d. 1963)
  • 1881 Lu Xun, Chinese writer of modern Chinese literature, born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, Qing dynasty China (d. 1936)
  • 1884 Kees Boeke, Dutch reformist educator (Cosmic View), born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1884 John Howard Lawson, American scriptwriter and playwright (Blockade, Algiers, Sahara), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1889 G. D. H. Cole, English political theorist and socialist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1959)
  • 1889 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, born in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • 1896 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, born in Moscow (d. 1970)
  • 1896 Sandro Pertini, 7th President of Italy (1978-85), born in Rome (d. 1990)

Person of interestWilliam Faulkner

1897 William Faulkner, American author (Sound & Fury-Nobel 1949), born in New Albany, Mississippi (d. 1962)

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1898 Robert Brackman, American artist, born in Odes'ka Oblast, Ukraine (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Ernst von Salomon, German writer (Kette Der Tausend Kraniche), born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1972)
  • 1903 Olive Ann Beech, American businesswoman (Co-Founder of Beech Aircraft Company), born in Waverly, Kansas (d. 1993)
  • 1903 Mark Rothko [Marcus Rothkovich], American abstract expressionist (Green on Blue), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)
  • 1904 Columbus O'Donnell Iselin, American oceanographer, born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1905 Nahman Avigad, Israeli archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), born in Zavaliv, Ukraine (d. 1992)
  • 1905 Edith Barstow, American choreographer (Frankie Laine Time, The Gem of the Ocean), born in Ashtabula, Ohio (d. 1960)
  • 1906 Madeleine Bourdouxhe, Belgian writer, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Phyllis Pearsall, British painter and writer (A to Z Map Company), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Florizel Glasspole, 3rd Governor-General of Jamaica (1973-91), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Eric Williams, 1st Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (People's National Movement: 1962-81), born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 1981)

Person of interestEthel Rosenberg

1915 Ethel Rosenberg, American communist, born in New York City, New York (d. 1953)

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1916 Jessica Anderson, Australian novelist (Tirra Lirra By The River; The Impersonators), born in Gayndah, Queensland, Australia (d. 2010)
  • 1920 Sergei Bondarchuk, Soviet director (Destiny of a Man, War and Peace), born in Belozerka, Ukraine (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Remy C. van de Kerckhove, Flemish poet, born in Mechelen, Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1958)

Person of interestRobert Muldoon

1921 Robert Muldoon, New Zealand politician (Prime Minister, 1975-1984), born in Auckland (d. 1992)

New Zealand Prime Minister Robert Muldoon
New Zealand Prime Minister
Robert Muldoon
  • 1922 Hammer DeRoburt, First President of Nauru, born in Nauru (d. 1992)
  • 1925 William Mitchell, British physicist, born in Kingsbridge, Devon, England (d. 2002)
  • 1925 Paul MacCready, American aeronautical engineer and inventor (1st man-powered aircraft), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2007)
  • 1926 Jack Hyles, Independent Baptist pastor (First Baptist Church of Hammond 1959-2001), born in Italy, Ellis County, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1929 Kevin White, American politicians (Mayor of Boston, 1968-1984), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Herbert Heckmann, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1999)
  • 1931 Patric Walker, American-British astrologer, born in Hackensack, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • 1931 Manouchehr Atashi, Persian poet, born in Dashtestan, Iran (d. 2005)
  • 1933 Adolfo Suárez, Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81), born in Cebreros, Spanish Republic (d. 2014)
  • 1934 John S. Bull, American naval officer and NASA astronaut, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2008)
  • 1934 Struther Arnott, Scottish molecular biologist and chemist (cancer research), born in Larkhall, Lanarkshire (d. 2013)
  • 1935 Maj Sjowall, Swedish writer (Martin Beck crime novels), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2020)
  • 1936 Edward Jones, British Army officer (UK Military Representative to NATO in Brussels), born in Altrincham, Cheshire, England
  • 1936 Moussa Traoré, Mali soldier, politician and dictator, President of Mali (1968-91), born in Kayes, French Sudan (d. 2020)
  • 1939 David S. Mann, American Democratic politician (Vice Mayor of Cincinnati), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1939 Leon Brittan, British politician, Home Secretary and member of the European Commission, born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1940 Tim Severin, British author and explorer who replicated historic voyages, born in Assam, British India (d. 2020)
  • 1943 Robert Gates, American statesman (22nd U.S. Secretary of Defense), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • 1944 Doris Matsui, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Poston, Arizona
  • 1945 Kathleen Brown, American Democratic politician (29th Treasurer of California), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1949 Jerry Costello, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), born in East St. Louis, Illinois
  • 1952 Bell Hooks [Gloria Jean Watkins], American author, feminist, scholar and social activist, born in Hopkinsville, Kentucky
  • 1956 Jamie Hyneman, American visual effects technician (MythBusters), born in Marshall, Michigan
  • 1958 Eamonn Healy, Irish professor of chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry at St. Edward's University in Austin, Texas, born in Newcastle West, Ireland
  • 1963 Keely Shaye Smith, American journalist (Unsolved Mysteries), born in Vallejo, California
  • 1964 Gary Ayles, British racing driver
  • 1964 Carlos Ruiz Zafón, Spanish writer (Shadow of the Wind), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2020)
  • 1968 Johan Friso, prince of Orange-Nassau, born in University Medical Center Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1968 John Worsfold, Australian rules football coach, born in Subiaco, Australia
  • 1977 Mike Krahulik, American illustrator (Penny Arcade)
  • 1983 Terrance Pennington, National Football League guard, born in Los Angeles, California

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1845 Confederate army Nathan Bedford Forrest (24) weds Presbyterian minister's daughter Mary Ann Montgomery (18) in Hernando, Mississippi

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest

LoveWedding of Interest

1873 Frontiersman and gunfighter Wild Bill Hickok supposedly marries Calamity Jane according to the latter's daughter (disputed)

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Calamity Jane
Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok

LoveWedding of Interest

1889 Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden (34) weds Laura Bond

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden

LoveWedding of Interest

1926 Outlaw Bonnie Parker (15) weds Roy Thornton

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker

LoveWedding of Interest

1953 Statesman Mikhail Gorbachev (22) weds Raisa Maximovna (21) at a Komsomol wedding ceremony

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1959 Cosmopolitan founder Helen Gurley Brown (37) weds theater producer David Brown (43)

LoveWedding of Interest

1965 Novelist Danielle Steel (18) weds banker Claude-Eric Lazard

Novelist Danielle Steel
Danielle Steel
  • 2010 Charlie Sheen's daughter Cassandra Estévez (25) weds Casey Huffman (27) in Santa Barbara, California

Deaths in History

  • 813 al-Amin, Arabic kalief of Islam (809-813), murdered
  • 1066 Harald III Hardrada, King of Norway (1047-66), dies at the Battle of Stamford Bridge at 51 - his death often considered the end of the Viking Age
  • 1066 Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge
  • 1086 William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1025)
  • 1333 Prince Morikuni, 9th shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan, dies at 32
  • 1392 Sergius van Radonesj, Russian saint, dies at 78
  • 1396 Jean de Vienne, French admiral/crusader, dies in battle
  • 1396 Odard de Chasseron, French knight/crusader, dies in battle
  • 1396 Philip of Bar, French knight/crusader, dies in battle
  • 1496 Piero Capponi, Italian soldier and statesman (b. 1447)
  • 1501 Džore Držić, Croatian poet and playwright who is considered one of the fathers of Croatian literature, dies at 40
  • 1506 Felipe I, the handsome, King of Castile (Spain) (1504-06), dies
  • 1534 Pope Clement VII [Giulio de' Medici], Italian Pope (1523-34), dies at 56
  • 1602 Caspar Peucer, German reformer (b. 1525)
  • 1617 Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan (b. 1617)
  • 1617 Francisco Suarez, Spanish Jesuit theologian (b. 1548)
  • 1630 Ambrogio Spinola, Spanish marquis of Balbases, dies at about 61
  • 1665 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (b. 1610)
  • 1680 Samuel Butler, poet/satirist, dies
  • 1727 Jacques Abbadie, French theologist, dies at about 73
  • 1774 John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (b. 1714)
  • 1777 Johann Heinrich Lambert, mathematician, dies at 49
  • 1791 William Bradford, American printer (b. 1719)
  • 1792 Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman, dies at 81
  • 1794 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
  • 1808 Richard Porson, scholar, dies
  • 1825 Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1879)
  • 1826 Giovanni Battista Brocchi, Italian Geologist, dies at 54
  • 1840 Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexandre Macdonald, Duc de Tarente, soldier
  • 1867 Oliver Loving, American pioneer rancher (b. 1812)
  • 1876 Adolf Glassbrenner, German satirical writer, dies at 66
  • 1877 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine, dies at 62
  • 1898 Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet, French anthropologist who was the first to organize and classify Stone Age cultures into a chronological sequence of epochs, dies at 77
  • 1898 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, dies at 73
  • 1900 Félix-Gabriel Marchand, premier of Québec (b. 1832)
  • 1900 John M. Palmer, American politician (U.S. Senator from Illinois) and American Civil War General (Union), dies at 83
  • 1901 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1905 Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (b. 1853)
  • 1914 Alfred Lichtenstein, German writer, dies at 25
  • 1914 Jan B Stobbaerts, Flemish painter, dies at 76
  • 1917 Thomas Ashe, Irish revolutionary (b. 1885)
  • 1918 John Ireland, Irish-American archbishop of St Paul (1888-1918), dies at 80
  • 1918 Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (b. 1857)
  • 1926 Herbert Booth, son of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1862)
  • 1933 Paul Ehrenfest, Austrian-Dutch theoretical physicist (phase transition, Ehrenfest theorem), dies at 53
  • 1933 Ring Lardner, American writer (b. 1885)
  • 1944 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • 1945 Charles A Ellwood, US sociologist/psychologist, dies at 72
  • 1953 Dimitur Poljanov [Popov], Bulgaria poet (Iron Verses), dies at 76
  • 1954 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, Spanish essayist/philosopher, dies at 71
  • 1958 John B Watson, US psychologist/behaviorist, dies at 80
  • 1960 Emily Post, American authority on social behaviour and writer (Etiquette), dies at 86
  • 1968 Cornell Woolrich, American writer (El Angel Negro), dies at 64
  • 1970 Erich Maria Remarque, German novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front), dies at 72
  • 1971 T. C. Jones, American female impersonator, dies of cancer at 50

Person of interestCoco the Clown

1974 Coco the Clown [Nikolai Poliakoff], Russian-born British clown, dies at 73

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • 1974 William Sloane, publisher/writer ("Edge of Running Water"), dies
  • 1977 Sidney James van den Bergh, Dutch businessman and politician, dies at 78
  • 1980 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, dies at 97
  • 1980 Earl Roy Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer, dies at 90
  • 1983 Leopold III [Filip von Saksen-Coburg], King of the Belgians (from 1934, abdicated 1951), dies at 81
  • 1985 William Cumming Rose, American biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid), dies at 98
  • 1986 Ben Sajet, physician/politician, dies at 99
  • 1986 Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (b. 1909)
  • 1986 Donald MacDonald, Canadian politician and former president of the Canadian Labour Congress (1967-74), dies at 77
  • 1986 Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian Chemist and Nobel Prize winner, dies at 90
  • 1988 Billy Carter, brother of US President Jimmy Carter, dies of cancer at 51

Person of interestKlaus Barbie

1991 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo chief (Butcher of Lyon), dies of cancer at 77

Gestapo Chief Klaus Barbie
Gestapo Chief
Klaus Barbie
  • 1991 Max Koot, royal photographer, dies
  • 1991 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, dies at 91
  • 1994 John Richard Ravensdale, historian, dies at 73
  • 1994 Ludwig Ferdinand von Hohenzollern, German Prince of Prussia, dies at 86
  • 1994 Mark Alexander Abrams, English market Researcher, dies at 88
  • 1994 Thomas Titus Nkobi, South African ANC-leader (Alexandra-bus boycott 1957), dies at 71
  • 1995 Bessie [Annie Elizabeth] Delany, American dentist and civil rights pioneer, dies at 104
  • 1996 Betty Phyllis Gathergood, curator, dies at 80
  • 1996 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist Dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, dies of cirrhosis at 45
  • 1999 Marion Zimmer Bradley, American writer, dies at 69
  • 2000 R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet, dies at 87
  • 2003 Aquila al-Hashimi, Iraqi politician (b. 1953)
  • 2003 Herb Gardner, American playwright (b. 1934)
  • 2003 Edward Said, Palestinian-American literary critic, dies at 67
  • 2003 Franco Modigliani, Italian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2005 Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani critic and linguist (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Urie Bronfenbrenner, American psychologist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 M. Scott Peck, American psychiatrist and writer (The Road Less Traveled), dies at 69
  • 2005 Friedrich Peter, Austrian politician (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Jeff Cooper, American firearms expert (b. 1920)
  • 2006 John M. Ford, American sci-fi author and poet, dies at 49
  • 2007 Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian negotiator (b. 1919)

Person of interestWangari Maathai

2011 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), dies from ovarian cancer at 71

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
  • 2011 Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician and leader of the paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), dies at 78