On This Day

On This Day in History for September 28

Events in History


48 BC Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.

Roman Military and Political Leader Pompey the Great
Roman Military and Political Leader
Pompey the Great
  • 235 Bishop of Rome Pontianus steps down
  • 351 Battle at Mursa: emperor Constantine II beats emperor Magnentius
  • 365 Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
  • 935 Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslaus I of Bohemia
  • 995 Members of Slavník's dynasty - Spytimír, Pobraslav, Pořej and Čáslav are murdered by Boleslaus's son, Boleslaus II the Pious.

Declaration of WarNorman Invasion of England

1066 William the Conqueror invades England landing at Pevensey Bay, Sussex

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William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
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  • 1106 Battle at Tinchebrai: English King Henry I beats his brother Robert
  • 1322 Battle of Muhldorf: the Duchy of (Upper) Bavaria defeats Austrian forces
  • 1362 Guillaum de Grimoard elected as Pope Urban V
  • 1394 Cardinal Pedro de Luna of Aragon chosen (anti)pope Benedictus XIII
  • 1448 Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
  • 1528 Spanish fleet sinks in Florida hurricane; about 380 die
  • 1538 Battle at Preveza: Ottoman fleet under Barbarossa beats Papal alliance off Northwestern Greece

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1542 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers California, at San Diego Bay, naming it San Miguel and claims it for Spain

Conquistador and Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Conquistador and Explorer
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1621 Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund III Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeats an invading Ottoman Imperial army

  • 1652 English-Dutch sea battle at Kentish Knock
  • 1687 Venetians take Athens from the Turks
  • 1701 Divorce legalized in Maryland
  • 1760 Russian & Austrian army occupies Berlin
  • 1767 Gentlemen 17 forbid private slave transport India to Cape of Good Hope

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1779 American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay

1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay

Victory in BattleSurrender at Yorktown

1781 9,000 American and 7,000 French troops begin siege of Yorktown

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'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
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A Salute to the Military Genius, Napoleon BonaparteA Salute to the Military Genius, Napoleon Bonaparte

1785 Napoléon Bonaparte, aged 16, graduates from the elite École Militaire in Paris (42nd in a class of 51)

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Death and despair as Napoléon and his Grand Army retreat from Russia. Artist: Adolf Northen
Death and despair as Napoléon and his Grand Army retreat from Russia. Artist: Adolf Northen
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  • 1787 Congress sends Constitution to state legislatures for their approval
  • 1815 Joachim Murats fleet sails from Corsica to Naples
  • 1829 Walker's Appeal, racial antislavery pamphlet, published in Boston
  • 1844 Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden
  • 1850 US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment
  • 1858 Donati's comet becomes 1st to be photographed
  • 1864 -30) Battle of Fort Harrison Virginia (Chaffin's Farm New Market Heights)
  • 1867 Toronto becomes capital of Ontario
  • 1868 Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France
  • 1868 Opelousas Massacre at St Landry Parish Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
  • 1879 Sydney Australia inaugurates steam motor tram route
  • 1887 Yellow River or Huáng Hé floods in China, killing between 900,000 and 2 million people, one of the deadliest natural disasters in history

  • 1889 The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice
  • 1892 1st night football game played (Mansfield Pa)
  • 1894 Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • 1899 Transvaal mobilizes its army - leadup to Second Boer War
  • 1901 Guerrilla's assault unarmed US soldiers in Balangiga Phil, 38 killed
  • 1904 Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue, NYC
  • 1906 US troops reoccupy Cuba, stay until 1909
  • 1912 SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die
  • 1914 German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WWI)
  • 1915 Battle of Kut-el-Amara: British defeat Turks in Mesopotamia
  • 1920 Dirk Fock appointed as governor-general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1923 Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
  • 1923 Radio Times 1st published
  • 1924 2 US Army planes end around-world flight, Seattle to Seattle, 57 stops
  • 1924 French government names Gen Serrail governor-general of Syria
  • 1924 General Plutarco Calles elected president of Mexico
  • 1926 Russia & Latvia treaty of neutrality signed
  • 1928 1st recording session in Nashville (Warmack's Gully Jumpers)
  • 1928 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st helicopter flight over English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Prussia forbids speech from Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 US acknowledge Chinese government of Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1928 Valentin Katayev's "Kvadratura Kruga" premieres in Moscow
  • 1928 UK passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
  • 1929 1st CF interception return for a touchdown (Joe Hess-U of Alberta)
  • 1931 200,000 demonstrators demand declaration of war on Japan in Peking

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1938 Clare Boothe's "Boys Goodbye" premieres in NYC
  • 1938 Dutch Premier Colijn sends radio message "No war coming"
  • 1939 Estonia accepts Soviet military bases
  • 1939 Final broadcast of The Fleischmann Hour was heard on radio

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 German-Soviet Frontier Treaty is signed by Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov; redraws German and Soviet spheres of influence in central Europe and transfers most of Lithuania to the USSR

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers present "New Dutch Culture" in German
  • 1942 Luftwaffe bombs Stalingrad

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944 Theodore Roosevelt Jr., son of President Theodore Roosevelt, is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for directing troops at Utah Beach during the D-Day landings

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • 1944 Nazi forces begin killing civilians in the Italian village of Marzabotto
  • 1945 Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
  • 1945 Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
  • 1950 Indonesia becomes 60th member of UN
  • 1953 Dutch government proclaims 5% general pay increase on Jan 1, 1954
  • 1957 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Velser Tunnels

  • 1958 France adopts constitution
  • 1958 Guinea votes for independence from France
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USAF selects Thor over Jupiter rocket for mass production as ICBM's

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1959 Edward Franklin Albee's play "Zoo Story" premieres in Berlin

Playwright Edward Albee
Edward Albee
  • 1959 Explorer VI reveals an intense radiation belt around Earth
  • 1960 "Sunrise at Campobello" premieres at Palace theater
  • 1961 Syria withdraws from United Arab Republic
  • 1961 USN Comdr Forrest S Petersen takes X-15 to 30,720 m
  • 1962 Alouette (Canada), 1st Canadian satellite, launched
  • 1962 Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.
  • 1963 Giuseppe Cantarella roller-skates record 25.78 mph (415 k) for 440 yds
  • 1963 NYC DJ "Murray The K" plays "She Loves You" on the radio
  • 1964 Suriname governor A Currie resigns
  • 1965 Jack McKay in X-15 reaches 90 km
  • 1965 Taal Volcano explodes on Luzon Philippines killing around 100
  • 1967 Walter Washington elected 1st mayor of Washington, D.C.
  • 1968 Alberto Giolani of Italy roller skates record 23.133 miles in 1 hr
  • 1968 Atlanta Chiefs beat San Diego Toros 3-0 for NASL championship
  • 1968 Chuck Hixson (Southern Methodist) completes 37 of record 69 passes
  • 1968 Marisa Danisi of West Germany roller skates record 21.995 miles in 1 hr
  • 1969 Minnesota vs Baltimore, gains 530 yards passing!
  • 1969 SPD wins West German Parliament elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Anwar Sadat replaces the late Gamal Abdel Nasser as acting Egyptian President

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser

Birthdays in History

Person of interestConfucius

551 BC Confucius, Chinese philosopher and founder of Confucianism, born in Zou, Lu state, China (d. ~479 BC)

Philosopher Confucius
  • 1330 Nicolas Flamel, French alchemist (d. 1418)
  • 1493 Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet and litterateur, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1543)
  • 1565 Alessandro Tassoni, Italian political writer (Rape of Bucket), born in Modena, Italy (d. 1635)
  • 1596 Vredius [Olivier de Wree], Flemish historian and mayor of Brugge, born in Brugge, Belgium (d. 1652)
  • 1605 Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (Astronomia Philolaica) and mathematician, born in Loudun, Vienne, France (d. 1694)
  • 1612 Michel Anguier, French sculptor, born in Eu, Normandy, France (d. 1686)
  • 1667 Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (daimyō), born in Edo, Japan (d. 1701)
  • 1698 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1759)
  • 1705 Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English corrupt politician (Chiswick), born in Kensington, London (d. 1774)

Person of interestAugustus FitzRoy

1735 Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, British Prime Minister (1768-70), born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1811)

British Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy
British Prime Minister
Augustus FitzRoy
  • 1746 William Jones, British orientalist and jurist (Indo-European languages), born in London (d. 1794)
  • 1761 François Budan de Boislaurent, French mathematician, born in Limonade, Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue (d. 1840)
  • 1780 Élie, Duke Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician (4th Prime Minister of France), born in Sainte-Martin-de-Laye, France (d. 1860)
  • 1789 Richard Bright, English physician (Bright's Disease/nephritis), born in Bristol, England (d. 1858)
  • 1793 Denis-Auguste Affre, Archbishop of Paris (1840-48) and opponent of King Louis-Philippe, born in Saint-Rome-de-Tarn, Aveyron, France (d. 1848)
  • 1796 David Walker, African-American abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1830)
  • 1803 Prosper Mérimée, French author (Carmen), born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1807 Arnold Henry Guyot, Swiss-American geologist, geographer and meteorologist, born in Boudevilliers, Switzerland (d. 1884)
  • 1811 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republican politician, born in Eichtersheim, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1819 Jacob Gijsbert de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch vicar and theologian, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1893)
  • 1821 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida) and Presbyterian minister, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1874)
  • 1823 Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (Birth of Venus), born in Montpellier, France (d. 1889)
  • 1824 Alfred Gilpin Jones, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1900-06), born in Weymouth, NOva Scotia, Canada (d. 1906)
  • 1824 Francis Turner Palgrave, English poet (Golden Treasury), born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England (d. 1897)
  • 1828 Friedrich Albert Lange, German philosopher and socialist (Neo-Kantianism), born in Wald, Solingen, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1833 James Deering Fessenden, American lawyer, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Westbrook, Maine (d. 1862)
  • 1836 Thomas Crapper, English plumber and inventor (ballcock), born in Thorne, Yorkshire (d. 1910)
  • 1839 Frances Willard, American educator and founder (Woman's Christian Temperance Union), born in Churchville, New York (d. 1898)
  • 1840 Sandie [Alexander Swift] Pendleton, American Lieutenant Colonel (Confederate Army), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1840 Rudolf Baumbach, German writer of student drinking songs, born in Kranichfeld, Germany (d. 1905)

Person of interestGeorges Clémenceau

1841 Georges Clémenceau, Prime Minister of France (Radical-Socialist Party: 1906-09, 1917-20) who defended Dreyfuss, born in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, France (d. 1929)

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • 1844 Robert Stout, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1884-87), born in Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • 1849 Dudley Allen Sargent, American physician and educator (Harvard U gymnasium), born in Belfast, Maine (d. 1924)
  • 1851 Henry Arthur Jones, English playwright (Judah), born in Grandborough, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1929)
  • 1852 John [Denton Pinkstone] French, 1st Earl of Ypres and British WWI field marshal, born in Ripple, Kent, England (d. 1925)

Person of interestHenri Moissan

1852 Henri Moissan, French chemist who isolated the element "fluorine" from its compounds (Nobel 1906), born in Paris (d. 1907)

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan
  • 1854 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), born in Norwich, England (d. 1913)
  • 1855 Thomas Frederick Tout, British historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1856 Edward Herbert Thompson, American diplomat and archaeologist (Mayan civilization), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1935)
  • 1856 Kate Douglas Wiggin, American author (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1923)
  • 1860 Paul Ulrich Villard, French chemist and physicist who discovered gamma rays, born in Saint-Germain-au-Mont-d'Or, France (d. 1934)
  • 1861 Amélie of Orléans, Queen of Portugal, wife of Carlos I, born in Twickenham, London (d. 1951)
  • 1863 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), born in Ajuda National Palace, Lisbon (d. 1908)
  • 1864 Barry Pain, English writer (Punch), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1928)
  • 1867 Hiranuma Kiichirō, 24th Prime Minister of Japan, born in Tsuyama, Japan (d. 1952)
  • 1871 Pietro Badoglio, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44) and Italian General (1922-43), born in Grazzano Monferrato, Italy (d. 1956)
  • 1872 Tom Terriss, English director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), born in London, England (d. 1964)
  • 1873 Julian Coolidge, American mathematician (Study-Segre school), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1954)
  • 1873 Wacław Rawicz [Berent], Polish biologist and writer, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1880 Ralph Edward Flanders, Barnet VT, (Sen-VT)
  • 1882 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, essayist/philosopher, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1888 Herman McNeile, soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), born in Cornwall, England
  • 1892 Edmond Thieffry, Belgian WW I pilot/air pioneer
  • 1893 Marie V Felix, prince of Luxemburg/Bourbon-Parma
  • 1895 Charles Petrie, historian, born in Liverpool, England
  • 1895 Wallace K Harrison, US architect (UN, Lincoln Center), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1897 Muchtar Auesow, writer
  • 1898 Carl Clauberg, Nazi concentration camp doctor (d. 1957)
  • 1901 Friedrichs, mathematician
  • 1904 Hendrik J Hofstra, Dutch minister of Finance (PvdA)
  • 1907 John Prickett, teacher/ecumenist

Person of interestBhagat Singh

1907 Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter, born in Jaranwala Tehsil, Punjab (d. 1931)

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • 1909 Al Capp [Alfred Gerald Caplin], cartoonist (Li'l Abner), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1909 Stephen Spender, poet [or Feb 28]
  • 1910 Diosdado Macapagal, President of the Philippines (1961-65)
  • 1913 Edith Mary Ellis Peters Pargeter, author
  • 1913 Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss artist and illustrator
  • 1914 Harold Taylor, Canadian educator (Art & the Future)
  • 1914 Lord Abinger [James Richard Scarlett], Datchet, Berkshire, English Conservative peer, campaigned for reform of the ancient law on treasure trove
  • 1916 Lord Cockfield, Horsham, United Kingdom, British politician (European Commissioner)
  • 1919 Lenn Hjortzberg, Karlskrona Sweden, director (Persona, Devil's Eye)
  • 1922 Phyllis Friend, chief nursing officer (DHSS)
  • 1923 John Scott, Duke of Buccleuch, Scottish peer, then largest landowner in Scotland, 1st MP in a wheelchair (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Fred Robbins, DJ (Coke Time with Eddie Fisher, Robbins Nest), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1924 Antonio Jacinto, Portuguese West Africa, Angolan poet
  • 1925 Seymour Cray, American inventor (Cray Research, Cray I supercomputer), born in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin (d. 1996)
  • 1927 Thomas J.J. Altizer, US Radical theologian (God is Dead), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Nigel Althaus, British government broker
  • 1929 Nikolay Ryzhkov, Premier of USSR (1985-1991)
  • 1930 Robin Buchanan, CEO (NHS Supplies Auth, Wessex Regional Health Auth)
  • 1932 Michael G[reatrex] Coney, Canadian sci-fi author (Cat Karina)
  • 1933 Madeleine M Kunin, Switzerland (Gov-D-Vt), 1st Jewish gov of Vermont
  • 1933 Miguel Berrocal, Sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1936 Sherwood L Boehlert, (Rep-R-NY, 1983- )
  • 1937 Colin Berry, professor (morbid anatomist)
  • 1939 Stuart Kauffman, American biologist
  • 1940 Alekander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 29/31, T-6)
  • 1940 Aleksandr Y Kalery, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1940 George Greenstein, author (Secret of a Jewish Baker)
  • 1941 Edmund Stoiber, German politician
  • 1943 Mike Kreidler, (Rep-D-Washington)
  • 1943 Warren Lieberfarb, American media executive
  • 1947 Gillian Rose, philosopher/writer
  • 1947 Jon Snow, British TV journalist (Channel 4)
  • 1947 Bob Carr, Australian politician
  • 1947 Sheikh Hasina, Bangladeshi politician, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (2009-), born in Tungipara, East Pakistan
  • 1950 Brian Keenan, Irish author (An Evil Cradling), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1951 Wei Chen, Canadian journalist
  • 1955 Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician

Weddings in History

  • 1933 Sally Eilers weds Harry Joe Brown

LoveWedding of Interest

1956 Russian President Boris Yeltsin (25) weds Naina Girina (24)

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin

Divorces in History

  • 1937 Martha Raye (21) divorces Hamilton "Bud" Westmore (19) on the basis of extreme cruelty

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

2010 Oracle CEO Larry Ellison (66) divorces romance novelist Melanie Craft after six years of marriage

Entrepreneur and Founder of Oracle Larry Ellison
Entrepreneur and Founder of Oracle
Larry Ellison

Deaths in History

Person of interestPompey the Great

48 BC Pompey the Great [Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus], Roman general and politician, dies at 59

Roman Military and Political Leader Pompey the Great
Roman Military and Political Leader
Pompey the Great
  • 235 Pope Saint Pontian [Pontianus], Pope (230-235), dies [date disputed]
  • 876 Louis the German, King of Eastern Francia (b. 804)
  • 935 Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (921-935), assassinated at around 28 in a plot by his younger brother, Boleslaus the Cruel
  • 1104 Pedro I, king of Navarra & Aragon, dies
  • 1197 Henry VI von Hohenstaufen, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor, dies in Messina, Sicily
  • 1296 Adolf VII, earl of Mountain (1259-96), dies
  • 1429 Cymburgis of Masovia, wife of Duke Ernest of Austria
  • 1509 Siwara/Sjoerd Aylva, Fries army leader (siege of Franeker)
  • 1582 George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • 1618 Gilles van Ledenberg, sec of Utrecht States (1588-1618), suicide at 68
  • 1618 Joshua Sylvester, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1652 Jan Asselijn, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, dies at about 42
  • 1657 Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana, 6th and youngest daughter of Willem of Orange, dies at 75
  • 1667 Jacobus Golius, Dutch mathematician and Arabic translator, dies at 71
  • 1687 Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (b. 1623)
  • 1694 Gabriel Mouton, French abbot and mathematician, dies at about 76
  • 1702 Robert Spencer 2nd earl of Sunderland, Engl PM (1687-88), dies at 61
  • 1742 Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman, dies at 79
  • 1759 Cornelis Pronk, Dutch portrait painter and cartoonist, dies at 67
  • 1781 William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, 4th Earl of Rochford, British diplomat and statesman (b. 1717)
  • 1789 Thomas Day, author, killed by fall from a horse at Wargrave Berkshire
  • 1810 John Archer, American Congressman who received the 1st medical diploma issued on US continent (1768), dies at 69
  • 1815 Nicolas Desmarest, French geologist and geographer (Volcanos), dies at 90
  • 1833 Lemuel Haynes, Revolutionary War veteran, dies at 88
  • 1844 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1859 Rinse Posthumus, Frisian writer and poet, dies at 68
  • 1868 Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Jr., American attorney, and Confederate Army Major General, assassinated at 40
  • 1869 Guglielmo Libri, Italian mathematician, dies at 66
  • 1873 Emile Gaboriau, French writer (father of the French detective novels), dies at 37
  • 1875 Aleksei K. Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer, dies at 58 [OS]
  • 1879 Nathan Cook Meeker, American journalist and social reformer, murdered by Ute Indians at 62

Person of interestHerman Melville

1891 Herman Melville, American writer (Billy Budd, Moby-Dick), dies at 72

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville

Person of interestLouis Pasteur

1895 Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist (invented pasteurization), dies at 72

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • 1899 Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter (Become his fare), dies
  • 1902 Emile Zola, French writer and critic (J'accuse), dies at 62
  • 1907 Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden (1856-1907), dies at 81
  • 1911 Louis Pincoffs, Dutch businessman and politician (1st-Chamber), dies
  • 1914 Richard Warren Sears, US businessman (Sears, Roebuck and Company), dies at 50
  • 1914 Þorsteinn Erlingsson, Icelandic poet (Pyrnar), dies at 56
  • 1915 Saitou Hajime, 3rd squad leader of the Shinsengumi died under name of Goro Fujita (b. 1844)
  • 1917 T. E. Hulme, English writer and poet, dies at 34
  • 1918 Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1918 Freddie Stowers, American soldier (b. 1896)
  • 1930 Daniel Guggenheim, American mining magnate and philanthropist, dies at 74
  • 1935 William Kennedy Dickson, Scottish inventor (devised an early motion picture camera), dies at 75
  • 1938 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), dies at 76
  • 1946 Jean Van de Eeckhoudt, Belgian painter, dies

Person of interestEdwin Hubble

1953 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer, first to announce existence of other galaxies, dies at 63

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Edwin Hubble
  • 1954 George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist, dies at 80

Person of interestWilliam Boeing

1956 William Boeing, American aviation pioneer who founded The Boeing Company, dies at 74

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing
  • 1957 Albert Ascoli, Italian developed anti-tuberculosis vaccine, dies
  • 1964 Mikhail Svetlov, Russian poet and writer, dies at 61

Person of interestAndré Breton

1966 André Breton, French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, dies at 70

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1968 Dewey Philip "Daddy-O", American pioneering DJ, dies of heart failure at 42

Person of interestGamal Abdel Nasser

1970 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt President (1953-70), dies of heart attack at 52

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1970 John Roderigo Dos Passos, American writer (Manhattan Transfer), dies at 74
  • 1973 Wystan H Auden, British/American writer (Spain/Platonic Blow), dies at 66
  • 1978 Pope John Paul I [Albino Luciani], 263rd Roman Catholic Pope, dies after 33 days as pope at 65
  • 1981 Rómulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (b. 1908)
  • 1986 Carmen DeRue, entertainer, dies
  • 1987 Mehdi Hashemi, Iranian aid of Ayatollah Khomeini, shot for treason

Person of interestFerdinand Marcos

1989 Ferdinand Marcos, President of Philippines (1965-86), dies in Honolulu at 72

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1992 John Leech, British mathematician, dies at 66
  • 1993 Gustavo Brillembourg, Venez/US advocate, dies in an accident at 35
  • 1993 Peter De Vries, cartoonist (New Yorker), dies at 83
  • 1993 Alexander A. Drabik, American soldier (b. 1910)
  • 1994 Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Mexican PRI-politician, murdered at 48
  • 1994 Lady Huxley [Marie Juliette Baillot], Swiss sculptor and author, dies at 96
  • 1994 Warwick Hutton, artist, dies at 55
  • 1995 Lynette Roberts, British poet, dies at 86
  • 1995 Olive Gibbs, peace campaigner, dies at 77

Person of interestPierre Trudeau

2000 Pierre Trudeau, 15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), dies of Parkinson's disease and prostate cancer at 80

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 2002 Patsy Mink, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1927)
  • 2003 George Odlum, Saint Lucian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2004 Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (8 Coty Awards), dies at 77
  • 2004 Scott Muni, American disc jockey (b. 1930)
  • 2004 Victor Rosow, Russian dramatist, dies at 91
  • 2005 Constance Baker Motley, American judge (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Wally Parks, Founder of the NHRA (b. 1913)
  • 2009 Guillermo Endara, former President of Panama (b. 1936)

Person of interestShimon Peres

2016 Shimon Peres, Israeli Prime Minister (Labor), President (2007-14) and Nobel Peace Prize recipient (1994), dies of a stroke at 93

Israeli Statesman Shimon Peres
Israeli Statesman
Shimon Peres
  • 2016 Gloria Naylor, American author (Women of Brewster Place), dies at 66
  • 2017 Vann Molyvann, Cambodian architect (New Khmer architecture), dies at 90