On This Day

On This Day in History for September 3

Events in History


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

36 BC In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.

Roman General Marcus Agrippa
Roman General
Marcus Agrippa
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, founded by Saint Marinus
  • 590 St Gregory I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

CrownRoyal Coronation

1189 Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. 30 Jews are massacred after the coronation - Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed

  • 1260 Battle of Ain Djaloet, Palestine defeats Mongols army
  • 1483 Utrecht surrenders to Habsburg army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1501 Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres appointed Governor of the Indies by Spanish Queen Isabella I

Queen of Castile Isabella I of Castile
Queen of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
  • 1543 Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland
  • 1632 Battle of Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beats Sweden

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1650 Battle of Dunbar; Oliver Cromwell's English New Model Army defeats Scottish force in surprise attack

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1651 Battle of Worcester: Oliver Cromwell's New Model army destroys English royalist force of mainly Scots in last battle of English Civil War
  • 1658 Richard Cromwell ("Tumbledown Dick") succeeds his father as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth
  • 1683 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1697 King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
  • 1709 1st major group of Swiss German colonists reaches North and South Carolina
  • 1725 Britain, France, Hannover & Prussia sign Covenant of Hannover

  • 1731 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives

Read Article
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Read Article
  • 1777 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War
  • 1779 Earl d'Orvilliers (French/Spanish Armada) sails back to Brest
  • 1783 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1798 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • 1812 World's first cannery ( Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
  • 1826 USS Vincennes leaves NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe
  • 1832 Rebellious slaves set fire to Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1833 New York Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1838 Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1852 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1855 Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
  • 1861 Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality
  • 1864 Battle of Berryville, Virginia, Confederate forces retreat in face of Union strength
  • 1864 US, British, French & Dutch naval officer sails Straits of Simonoseki
  • 1865 Army commander in SC orders Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land
  • 1874 The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez"
  • 1878 British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die

  • 1882 French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
  • 1891 Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas
  • 1891 John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • 1900 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • 1900 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • 1901 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • 1908 James Barries "What Every Woman Knows" premieres in London
  • 1914 British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne
  • 1914 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
  • 1914 French troops vacate Rheims
  • 1914 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • 1914 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: French counterattacks on German flanks push their frontline further from the town

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • 1917 German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • 1917 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
  • 1918 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot (or Camp Logan riot); in all 19 mutineers were executed.
  • 1918 Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line
  • 1919 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations
  • 1921 KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
  • 1923 Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy" premieres in NYC
  • 1924 Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
  • 1924 L Stallings & M Anderson's "What Price Glory?" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 The airship USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) crashes in a storm near Caldwell, Ohio, killing 14, 29 survive
  • 1929 Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches all time high of 381.17, to be shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.
  • 1930 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
  • 1933 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m)
  • 1934 Tunisia began its move for independence
  • 1935 First automobile to exceed 300mph, Malcolm Campbell powers Bluebird to 301.129mph at Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • 1935 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in 10 games
  • 1939 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans
  • 1939 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • 1939 Mitford sister and Nazi sympathizer Unity Mitford attempts suicide after Britain declares war on Germany, bullet lodged in her brain eventually kills her in 1948
  • 1940 39.4 cm rainfall at Sapulpa, Oklahoma (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler orders an invasion of Great Britain for Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1940 Sicherheits police bans Free masons, Rotary & Red Cross
  • 1940 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
  • 1941 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
  • 1943 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • 1943 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • 1944 French troops liberate Lyon
  • 1944 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force
  • 1944 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • 1945 World War II: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • 1948 W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
  • 1949 Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
  • 1953 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 French minister Francois Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1954 Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed in the US, prompted by the cold war
  • 1954 Pope Pius X canonized a saint
  • 1954 The People's Liberation Army begin shelling the ROC-controlled islands of Quemoy & Amoy
  • 1954 The German U-Boat U-505 began its move from a specially constructed dock to its final site at Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry.
  • 1956 Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 US attorney general Robert F. Kennedy resigns

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1964 2nd incident that year of race riots in Singapore between Chinese and Malay, 13 people killed, 106 injured
  • 1965 Garcia Godoy forms government in Dominican Republic

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1965 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Mysterium Fidei

Pope Paul VI
Pope
Paul VI
  • 1966 24th World SF Convention honors Gene Roddenberry
  • 1967 Final episode of "What's My Line?" hosted by John Charles Daly on CBS TV

Birthdays in History

  • 1034 Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan, 71st emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1073)
  • 1499 Diane de Poitiers, French mistress of Henry II of France, born in Saint-Vallier, Drôme, France (d. 1566)
  • 1608 Pieter Stockmans, Flemish chairman of military
  • 1675 Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1751)
  • 1693 Charles Radclyffe, 5th Earl of Derwentwater, British politician, born in Little Parndon, Essex (d. 1746)
  • 1703 Johann Theodor of Bavaria, Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Freising and Liège, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1710 Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (first to study freshwater polyps or hydra), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1784)
  • 1724 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and administrator (Governor of Quebec 1768-1778), born in Strabane, Ireland (d. 1808)
  • 1781 Eugène de Beauharnais, stepson of Napoleon I (son of Alexandre de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie), born in Paris (d. 1824)
  • 1791 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1862)
  • 1803 Prudence Crandall, American educator and founder of School for "young ladies of colour", born in Hopkinton, Rhode Island (d. 1890)
  • 1810 Paul Kane, Irish-Canadian painter, born in Mallow, County Cork, Ireland (d. 1871)
  • 1811 John Humphrey Noyes, American preacher and founded the Oneida Community (Perfectionists), born in Brattleboro, Vermont (d. 1886)
  • 1820 George Hearst, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from California), born in Sullivan, Missouri (d. 1891)
  • 1825 Armistead Lindsay Long, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1891)
  • 1825 William Wallace Burns, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Coshocton, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • 1835 William Gaston Lewis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1849 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), born in South Berwick, Maine (d. 1909)
  • 1851 Olga Constantinovna of Russia, Queen consort of the Hellenes as the wife of King George I, born in Pavlovsk, Russian Empire (d. 1926)

Person of interestLouis Sullivan

1856 Louis Sullivan, American architect (father of skyscrapers), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1926)

Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
  • 1859 Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves), born in Castres, Second French Empire (d. 1914)
  • 1860 Edward A. Filene, American entrepreneur and philanthropist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1875 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1891 Bessie [Annie Elizabeth] Delany, American dentist and civil rights pioneer, born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1995)
  • 1897 Sally Benson, American writer (Meet me in St. Louis), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • 1899 Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian virologist (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for tissue grafting), born in Traralgon, Victoria (d. 1985)
  • 1900 Urho Kekkonen, 8th President of Finland (1956-81), born in Pielavesi, Finland (d. 1986)
  • 1903 Willem Kooiman, Dutch theologist and church historian (d. 1968)

Person of interestCarl David Anderson

1905 Carl David Anderson, American physicist (1936 Nobel Prize for physics), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)

Nobel Laureat Physicist Carl David Anderson
Nobel Laureat Physicist
Carl David Anderson
  • 1907 Andrew Brewin, Canadian lawyer and MP for Greenwood, born in Brighton, England (d. 1983)
  • 1907 Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist and natural science writer (The Unexpected Universe), born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1977)
  • 1908 Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (17th Governor of Washington) and chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Marguerite Higgins, American reporter and war correspondent, Pulitzer prize winner (d. 1966)
  • 1923 Mort Walker, American cartoonist (Beetle Bailey, Hi & Lois), born in El Dorado, Kansas (d. 2018)
  • 1925 Bengt Lindström, Swedish artist, born in Berg Municipality, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Alison Lurie, American novelist (Pulitzer Prize - Foreign Affairs), born in Chicago
  • 1926 Joseph P. Kolter, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in McDonald, Ohio
  • 1926 John Robert Jones [John Dalmas], American sci-fi author (White Regiment, Lizard War), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1928 Gaston Thorn, 20th Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1974–79) and 7th President of the European Commission (1981–85), born in Luxembourg (d. 2007)

Person of interestWhitey Bulger

1929 Whitey Bulger [James Bulger Jr.], American gangster, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2018)

Gangster Whitey Bulger
Gangster
Whitey Bulger
  • 1930 Cherry Barbara Grimm [Lockett], New Zealand sci-fi author (Nearest Fire), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Haty Tegelaar-Boonacker, Dutch politician and 2nd chamber member (CDA), born in Weesp, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1931 Albert DeSalvo, American criminal (The Boston Strangler), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • 1936 John Olver, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts), born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, 2nd President of Tunisia (1987-2011), born in Hammam Sousse, French Tunisia (d. 2019)
  • 1938 Caryl Churchill, English playwright, born in London
  • 1938 Ryōji Noyori, Japanese chemist (Nobel Prize 2011), born in Kobe, Japan
  • 1940 Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and writer, born in Montevideo
  • 1941 Sergei Dovlatov, Russian writer, born in Ufa, Republic of Bashkiria (d. 1990)
  • 1943 Michael D. Barnes, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Mick Farren, English sci-fi author (Synaptic Manhunt, Citizen Phaid), born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England
  • 1944 Sherwood C. Spring, American astronaut (STS 61B), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1946 Peter Morris, English historian of France (d. 1997)
  • 1947 Michael Huffington, American oil millionaire (Rep-R-California, 1992-94), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1947 Kjell Magne Bondevik, Norwegian politician (Christian Democratic Party), born in Molde, Norway

Person of interestMario Draghi

1947 Mario Draghi, Italian banker and President of the European Central Bank, born in Rome

Economist Mario Draghi
Economist
Mario Draghi
  • 1948 Tara Singh Varma, Dutch politcian (1st black woman in Dutch 2nd Chamber), born in Springlands, British Guiana
  • 1948 Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian politician (3rd President of Zambia), born in Mufulira, Zambia (d. 2008)
  • 1949 Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria, Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, born in Sichari, Kyrenia District, Cyprus (d. 2004)
  • 1951 Maithripala Sirisena, Sri Lankan politician, President of Sri Lanka (2015-), born in Yagoda, Sri Lanka
  • 1953 Munir H. Habib, Syrian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3 backup)
  • 1956 Patrick McGeown, Irish IRA member, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1996)
  • 1957 Garth Ancier, American television executive
  • 1964 Adam Curry, Internet entrepreneur
  • 1966 Vladimir Ryzhkov, Russian politician, born in Rubtsovsk, Soviet Union
  • 1970 Jeremy Glick, American United Airlines Flight 93 passenger (d. 2001)
  • 1971 Chabeli Iglesias, daughter of Julio Iglesias, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1978 Paul Moor, English ten-pin bowler, born in Kingston-upon-Hull, England
  • 1993 Rina Koike, Japanese junior idol, born in Tochigi Prefecture, Japan

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1921 American author and journalist Ernest Hemingway (22) marries 1st wife Hadley Richardson (29)

LoveWedding of Interest

1923 Cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead (21) weds field archaeologist Luther Cressman (25)

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead

LoveWedding of Interest

1937 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

Author Muriel Spark
Author
Muriel Spark

LoveWedding of Interest

1953 New Zealand Explorer Edmund Hillary (34) weds Louise Mary Rose

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary

LoveWedding of Interest

2000 American feminist and journalist Gloria Steinem (66) weds environmentalist David Bale (59) in Adair County, Oklahoma

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem
  • 2016 Odd Mom Out star Abby Elliott (29) weds writer Billy Kennedy in an elegant church ceremony in New England

Deaths in History

  • 1189 Jacob of Orleans, Rabbi, killed in anti Jewish riot in London England
  • 1205 Petrus van Poitiers, French theologist (Sententiarum libri V), dies
  • 1402 Gian Galeazzo Visconti, duke and tyrant of Milan (1395-1402), dies at 51
  • 1420 Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland
  • 1467 Eleanor of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress, dies at 32
  • 1592 Robert Greene, English writer (Friar Bacon), dies at 34
  • 1634 Edward Coke, English Chief Justice and politician (defended common law), dies at 82
  • 1642 Elisabeth of Nassau, Daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon, dies at 65
  • 1653 Claudius Salmasius [Claude Saumaise], French linguist, dies at 65
  • 1655 Johan Wolfert van Brederode, Dutch governor (Hertogenbosch) and field marshal, dies at 56

Person of interestOliver Cromwell

1658 Oliver Cromwell, English general (1653-58)/Lord Protector, dies at 59

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1662 William Lenthall, English politician (b. 1591)
  • 1667 Alonso Cano, Spanish painter, sculptor and architect, dies at 66
  • 1675 Pieter Boel, Flemish painter and etcher, dies
  • 1720 Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat, dies at 72
  • 1722 Ivan Skoropadsky, Hetman of Ukraine (b. 1646)
  • 1729 Jean Hardouin, French scholar (b. 1646)
  • 1739 George Lillo, English dramatist (Fatal Curiosity), dies at 46
  • 1766 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)
  • 1792 Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat, dies at 42
  • 1808 John Montgomery, American Continental Congressman (b. 1722)
  • 1820 Benjamin Henry Latrobe, American architect (completed U.S. Capitol), dies at 56
  • 1843 Cornelis Pieter Jacob Elout, Dutch military and President of West Sumatra, dies at 47
  • 1849 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, dies at 43
  • 1857 M Heinrich C Lichtenstein, German zoologist/explorer, dies at 77
  • 1857 John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784)
  • 1860 Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov, Russian poet, dies at 56
  • 1866 Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1877 Adolphe Thiers, French statesman, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77), dies at 80
  • 1883 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), dies from a spinal tumour at 64
  • 1886 William W. Snow, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1851-53), dies at 74
  • 1890 Charles-A Chatrian, French writer (Waterloo), dies at 63
  • 1890 Willem Linnig The Younger, Flemish painter and graphic artist, dies at 48
  • 1893 James Harrison, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1816)
  • 1903 Joseph Skipsey, British poet (b. 1832)
  • 1908 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, Dutch jurist and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1888-93), dies at 61
  • 1918 Fanya Kaplan, Russian who shot at Lenin on Aug 30th, executed at 28
  • 1935 Johannes Aengenent, Bishop of Haarlem (1928-35), dies at 62
  • 1936 Nikita Balieff, Armenian vaudevillian and impresario (b. 1876 or 1877)
  • 1938 Bart de Ligt, anti military theologist, dies at 77
  • 1940 Vilhelm Ekelund, Swedish poet and writer (Hafvets Stjorna), dies at 59
  • 1948 Edvard Beneš, Czech politician and statesman, 2nd & 4th President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 45-48), dies at 64
  • 1961 Robert E. Gross, American businessman (b. 1897)
  • 1962 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter, dies at 63
  • 1962 E. E. Cummings, American poet (Tulips & Chimneys), dies at 67
  • 1964 Stewart Holbrook, American author (b. 1893)
  • 1967 David Cohen, historian and chairman of the Jewish Council, dies at 84
  • 1980 Fabian von Schlabendorff, German resistance fighter/judge, dies at 73
  • 1981 Alec Waugh, English novelist (Island in the Sun), died after suffering a stroke at 83
  • 1982 Carlo Alberto dalla Chiesa, Italian general who fought the mafia, murdered by Sicilian mafia at 61
  • 1987 Viktor Nekrasov, Ukrainian architect and author (Soldiers), dies at 76
  • 1987 Vokopach Stalingrada/Kira Georgijevna, dies at 76
  • 1990 David Acer, Florida dentist, dies of AIDs after infecting 5 patients
  • 1991 Henri de Lubac, French theologist and antifascist, dies at 95
  • 1992 Johannes van Capel, oldest man in Netherlands (Born 4/22/1884), dies
  • 1994 Marijke Vetter, Dutch journalist, dies at 82
  • 1994 Nikos Ghika, Greek artist, dies at 88
  • 1994 Roswell Gilbert, who mercy killed his ailing wife, dies at 85
  • 1995 Earle Birney, Canadian poet and novelist who twice won the Governor General's Award, dies at 91
  • 1995 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, British economic historian, dies at 75
  • 1995 Mary Adshead, muralist/painter, dies at 91
  • 1995 Roye England, creator and founder President of the Pendon Museum of Miniature Landscape and Transport, dies at 88
  • 1996 John Cheek, Falkland Islands advocate, dies at 56
  • 1996 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, dies at 77
  • 1996 Robert Croften Brown, politician, dies at 75
  • 2002 W. Clement Stone, American entrepreneur (positive mental attitude philosophy), dies at 100
  • 2003 Paul Jennings Hill, American anti-abortion murderer (b. 1954)
  • 2003 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive and 3rd postwar chairman of Volkswagen, dies at 88
  • 2005 Richard S.R. Fitter, British ornithologist and botanist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Jane Tomlinson, British charity fund raiser (b. 1964)
  • 2007 Syd Jackson, Māori activist and trade unionist (b. 1939)
  • 2007 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (1st person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon,) disappears while flying at 63
  • 2008 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator who led 4th Fighter Group during World War II, dies at 90
  • 2010 Cyril Smith, British Liberal Member of Parliament and alleged serial sex offender, dies at 82
  • 2012 Sun Myung Moon, South Korean evangelist (Unification Church), dies at 92
  • 2013 Ariel Castro, Puerto Rican-born American criminal famous for kidnapping 3 women between 2002-4, commits suicide 1 month into his life sentence at 53
  • 2015 Adrian Cadbury, British confectionery manufacturer (Cadbury) and author of report on Corporate Governance, dies at 86
  • 2017 John Ashbery, American poet (Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror), dies at 90
  • 2019 Peter Lindbergh, German fashion photographer and director, dies at 74