On This Day

On This Day in History for September 30

Events in History

  • 1199 Rambam (Maimonides) authorizes Samuel Ibn Tibbon to translate Guide of Perplexed from Arabic into Hebrew

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1399 King Richard II of England's (supposed) abdication read out in the House of Commons by the Archbishop of Canterbury. In reality deposed by his cousin and successor Henry IV

King of England Richard II
King of England
Richard II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1544 King Henry VIII draws his armies out of France

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1555 Bishop of Oxford Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic
  • 1619 Remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp
  • 1626 Battle between King Bethlen Gabor & Earl Mansfeld-Wallenstein ends
  • 1649 Last Swedish troops vacate Prague
  • 1659 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe)
  • 1681 Netherlands & Sweden sign treaty
  • 1730 Duke Victor Amadeus XI of Savoye resigns
  • 1744 France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo.
  • 1777 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pennsylvania, as British forces advance
  • 1787 1st US voyage around the world - Columbia leaves Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilien Robespierre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1805 Napoleon Bonaparte's army draws into the Rhine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1808 Covent Garden Theatre Royal destroyed by fire in London

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813 Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1818 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • 1841 Samuel Slocum patents the stapler
  • 1846 Anesthetic ether used for 1st time by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth
  • 1857 US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland & Jarvis Island, south of Hawaii
  • 1862 First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Prussia Minister President Otto von Bismarck's delivers his "Blood & Iron" speech

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1864 Battle of Preble's Farm Virginia (Poplar Springs Church)
  • 1864 Black soldiers given US Medal of Honor
  • 1867 Midway Islands formally declared a US possession
  • 1868 Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France
  • 1877 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)
  • 1878 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
  • 1878 Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island
  • 1880 American amateur astronomer Henry Draper takes the 1st ever photograph of the Orion Nebula
  • 1885 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
  • 1888 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • 1895 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • 1898 City of NY established
  • 1903 New Gresham's School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood in Norfolk, England (expansion of original school founded 1555)
  • 1906 Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana
  • 1907 Cards Ed Konetchy steals home twice & Joe Delahanty also steals home for record 3 steals of home (vs Boston)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Maurice Maeterlinck's "L'oiseau Blue" premieres in Moscow

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Eleftherios Venizelos announces he is forming a Provisional Government in Crete as an alternative to the one in Athens; he is determined to bring Greece into the war on the side of the Allies

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos
  • 1919 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 Race riot at Elaine, Arkansas
  • 1920 Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1922 Government of Alexandros Zaimis forms in Greece
  • 1924 Allies stop checking on German navy
  • 1925 General Pangulos disbands Greek parliament
  • 1926 German/French/Belgian/Luxembourg steel cartel closes

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1928 Le Sifflet publishes 1st precursor of Kuifje (Tintin)

Cartoonist Hergé
  • 1928 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 mi 604 yds in 1 hr
  • 1929 1st manned rocket plane flight (by auto maker Fritz von Opel)
  • 1931 Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • 1933 Berlin/Hart/Heyman/Myers ballet "As Thousands Cheer," premieres in NYC
  • 1934 St Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean wins his 30th of year
  • 1934 Charley O'Leary becomes the oldest person at 58 to get a hit in the majors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 The Boulder Dam (later the Hoover Dam), astride the border of U.S. states Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1936 International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends
  • 1936 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938 Treaty of Munich signed by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Édouard Daladier and Neville Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany. Chamberlain infamously declares "Peace for our time" on his return to London.

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland
  • 1939 Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.
  • 1940 47 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1941 Approximately 33,771 Jews are shot to death or buried alive at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine by Nazi troops over two days
  • 1941 German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Admiral Chester Nimitz's B-17 finds Guadalcanal using National Geographic map

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • 1942 SS exterminates 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland in 6 week period

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1943 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1944 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • 1944 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • 1944 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
  • 1945 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

1946 22 Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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  • 1949 American chemist Percy L. Julian at the Glidden Company announces an improved method for producing cortisone
  • 1950 1st congress of International Astronautical Federation opens in Paris
  • 1953 Auguste/Jacques Piccard dives with bathosphere to 3150 m (record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Earl Warren appointed Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1953 Robert Anderson's "Tea & Sympathy" premieres in NYC
  • 1954 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, commissioned by the US Navy
  • 1957 French government of Mauroy resigns due to Algeria
  • 1958 French Guinee becomes independent republic Guinea
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 On Howdy Doody's last show Clarabelle finally talks "Goodbye Kids"
  • 1960 West Germany signs trade agreement with East Germany
  • 1961 Bill for Boston Tea Party is paid by Mayor Snyder of Oregon who wrote a check for $196, the total cost of all tea lost
  • 1962 A's Bill Fischer ends 84 1/3 consecutive innings pitched without a walk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 JFK routes 3,000 federal troops to Mississippi

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 James Meredith registers for classes at University of Mississippi

Civil Rights Activist James Meredith
Civil Rights Activist
James Meredith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.

Civil Rights Activist Cesar Chavez
Civil Rights Activist
Cesar Chavez
  • 1963 56th Postmaster General: John A Gronouski of Wis takes office
  • 1966 Bechuanaland gains independence from England, becomes Republic of Botswana
  • 1966 Botswana (formerly Bechuanaland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1966 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1967 Palace of Fine Arts reopens (1st time during 1915 exposition)
  • 1967 USSR's Kosmos 186 & 188 complete 1st automatic docking
  • 1968 1st Boeing 747 rolls out
  • 1969 Atlanta's 10th straight win, clinches NL West pennant
  • 1970 New American Bible published
  • 1970 A Protestant man is shot and killed by Loyalists in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 -11/6] Rome: 3rd bishop synod

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Ian Paisley and Desmond Boal launch the [Ulster] Democratic Unionist Party

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley

Birthdays in History

  • 1207 Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet, born in Khorassan, Afghanistan (d. 1273)
  • 1227 Pope Nicholas IV (d. 1292)
  • 1530 Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1550 Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
  • 1627 Robinson Crusoe, fictional character, according to Daniel Defoe
  • 1631 William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
  • 1700 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1710 John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1715 Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)

Person of interestJacques Necker

1732 Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI whose decisions contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1804)

Finance Minister Jacques Necker
Finance Minister
Jacques Necker
  • 1765 José María Morelos, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1815)
  • 1788 FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, British Army officer (commander of the British forces during the Crimean War), born in Badminton, England (d. 1855)
  • 1800 Decimus Burton, British architect (Hyde Park, Palm House Kew Gardens), born in London, England (d. 1881)
  • 1805 Samuel Peter Heintzelman, American Major General (Union Army), born in Manheim, Pennsylvania (d. 1880)
  • 1808 Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch vicar (Folies-old Calvinist communities)
  • 1811 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • 1827 Carlo A Alfieri, Italian MP (Liberal)
  • 1827 Kenner Garrard, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bourbon County, Kentucky (d. 1879)
  • 1827 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician, Treasurer of the US (Rep(R)-New York), born in Utica, New York(d. 1918)
  • 1832 Frederick Sleigh "Bobs" Roberts, British gov of Natal (Ireland-Boer war)
  • 1833 Ferdinand von Saar, Austrian novelist, playwright and poet, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1906)
  • 1847 Wilhelmina E Drucker [Lensing], Dutch feminist
  • 1857 Hermann Sudermann, German writer (Honor, That Ehre, Frau Sorge), born in Matziken, East Prussia (d. 1928)
  • 1861 William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)

Person of interestReinhard Scheer

1863 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Obernkirchen, Electorate of Hesse (d. 1928)

  • 1870 Jean Perrin, French physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926), born in Lille, France (d. 1942)
  • 1870 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
  • 1871 John Fabricius, Dutch English stage author (Ring of Prophet)
  • 1882 Hans Geiger, German physicist (co-inventor of the Geiger counter), born in Neustadt an der Weinstraße, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883 Robert Lightfoot, English theologist and exegetist (St John's Gospel) (d. 1953)
  • 1883 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • 1893 Lansdale Ghiselin Sasscer, American politician (REP-Maryland 1939-53), born in Upper Marlboro, Maryland (d. 1964)
  • 1894 Dirk J Bush, Dutch-American mathematician (Concise History of Mathematics)
  • 1898 Felix Kersten, Baltic-German Finnish masseuse (masseuse to Heinrich Himmler who helped save people from Nazi persecution), born in Tartu, Imperial Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1898 Princess Charlotte of Monaco, illegitimate daughter of Louis II and mother of Prince Rainier III born in Constantine, French Algeria (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet, writer and critic, born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • 1900 Otto Roesch, paleontologist
  • 1902 Piet[er J] "Piet" Lieftinck, Dutch minister of Finance (1945-52)
  • 1905 Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist (Nobel Prize for Physics 1977 for work on amorphous semiconductors), born in Leeds, England (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Savitri Devi [Maximiani Portas], Greek French Nazi writer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1982)
  • 1908 Edzard H Schaper, German Swiss sailor and UP correspondent and antifascist, born in Ostrowo
  • 1912 Oliver Charles Anderson, novelist
  • 1915 Lester Garfield Maddox, (Gov-D-Ga)/restaurant owner
  • 1915 Robert Morris, American lawyer, born in Jersey City (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Chung Hee Park, general/President of South Korea (1961-79), assassinated
  • 1917 Yuri "Petrovich" Lyubimov, USSR, director (Taganka)
  • 1917 Irving B. Kahn, American inventor of the teleprompter, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1994)
  • 1918 Lewis Nixon, WWII Veteran (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Donald Keech, entrepreneur
  • 1921 Eileen Zhang Ailing Chang, writer
  • 1922 Alan Stretton, Australian general

Person of interestTruman Capote

1924 Truman Capote, American author (In Cold Blood), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • 1925 Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist
  • 1927 W. S. Merwin, American poet

Person of interestElie Wiesel

1928 Elie Wiesel, Jewish Auschwitz survivor and author (Night), Nobel Prize winner 1986, born in Sighet, Romania (d. 2016)

Author Elie Wiesel
Elie Wiesel
  • 1929 Leticia Ramos-Shahani, Filipino Senator, lawmaker and women's rights activist who led the drafting of the international women’s bill of rights, born in Lingayen, Philippine Islands (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Shintaro Ishihara, Japanese author and politician (Governor of Tokyo)
  • 1933 Mars Zakirovich Rafikov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1936 Butler Derrick, (Rep-D-SC, 1974- )
  • 1936 James R Sasser, (Sen-D-Tenn, 1977- )
  • 1937 Jurek Becker, Polish-born German writer (Jacob the Liar), born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1997)
  • 1938 Salvatore Michael Caruana, Mass, criminal (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1939 Piet Blauw, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1943 Jody Powell, press mouthpiece (Jimmy Carter)
  • 1943 Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1945 Ehud Olmert, twelfth Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1945 Bob Lassiter, American radio personality
  • 1946 Claude Vorilhon, founder of Raelism, a ufo religion
  • 1946 William Thurston, Washington, mathematician (Fields Medal, 1982), (d. 2012)
  • 1947 Dave Arneson, American game designer
  • 1949 Michel Tognini, Vincennes France, astronaut (Soyuz TM-15, sk: STS 93)
  • 1950 Victoria Tennant, London England (All of Me, Chiefs, Winds of War)
  • 1951 Nicholas Yermakov, American sci-fi author (Epiphany, Jehad, Clique)
  • 1951 Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1953 S.M. Stirling, Canadian-born author
  • 1956 Maria Esmeralda, Belgian princess/daughter of Leopold III/Lilian Baels
  • 1957 Gladys Portugues, American atress, Mrs Jean-Claude Van Damme (It's Alive 3), born in NYC, New York
  • 1960 Blanche Lincoln, American politician
  • 1962 Massimo Bottura, Italian restaurateur (Osteria Francescana), born in Modena, Italy
  • 1964 Stephen N Frick, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1966 Kerry G. Johnson, African American graphic designer and caricaturist
  • 1972 Ari Behn, Norwegian author
  • 1980 Camilla D'Errico, Canadian comic book artist and painter
  • 1992 Marina CAK Windsor, granddaughter of English prince Edward

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1939 Nobel Prize-winning author William Golding (28) weds analytic chemist Ann Brookfield

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding

LoveWedding of Interest

1950 First Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew (27) weds lawyer Kwa Geok Choo (29) in Singapore

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1977 "Harry "Rabbit" Angstrom" author John Updike (45) weds Martha Bernhard

Deaths in History

  • 420 Saint Jerome, Christian theologian, translator of the Vulgate Bible (from Greek to Latin), dies at about 73
  • 653 Saint Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 739 P'u-chi Ho-shang Tao-chao, Northern Ch'an Line Zen teacher, dies
  • 1101 Anselm IV, Archbishop of Milan
  • 1246 Yaroslav II of Russia, Grand Prince of Vladimir (1238-46), dies at 55
  • 1351 Muso Soseki, Zen teacher/Rinzai line/head of Nanzenji, dies in Japan
  • 1440 Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, English soldier and politician
  • 1487 John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1400)
  • 1551 Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
  • 1560 Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
  • 1572 Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía and Jesuit priest, dies at 61
  • 1581 Hubert Languet, French diplomat and reformer (b. 1518)
  • 1626 Nurhaci, Manchurian chief, founding Khan of Later Jin (b. 1559)
  • 1628 Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (b. 1554)
  • 1630 John Billington, English-born murderer who sailed on the Mayflower, 1st American executed by Plymouth colony, hanged at about 40
  • 1770 Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, English politician and diplomat

Person of interestGeorge Whitefield

1770 George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader and preacher, dies in Newburyport, Massachusetts, at age 55

Anglican Preacher George Whitefield
Anglican Preacher
George Whitefield
  • 1772 James Brindley, English engineer (canals and watermills), dies at about 76
  • 1788 Matthäus Günther, German painter, dies at 83
  • 1811 Thomas Percy, English literary and bishop of Dromore, dies at 82
  • 1837 Tsultrim Gyatso, 10th Dalai Lama, dies at 21
  • 1862 Isaac Peace Rodman, American banker and Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injury at about 40
  • 1865 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar, dies at 65
  • 1877 Toohoolhoolzote, prophet of Nez Perce indians, dies in battle
  • 1888 Catherine Eddowes, English woman murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45
  • 1888 Elizabeth Stride "Long Liz", English woman murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45
  • 1891 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, dies at 54
  • 1897 St Therese of Lisieux, Roman Catholic saint and mystic (b. 1873)
  • 1910 Maurice Lévy, French engineer (b. 1838)
  • 1921 Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), dies at 77
  • 1922 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, dies at 64
  • 1927 Samuel Garman, American zoologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and namesake of a Jamaican lizard, dies at 84
  • 1929 Charles Bonin, French explorer and diplomat (China), dies at 64
  • 1943 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)

Person of interestEdith Roosevelt

1948 Edith Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States, dies at 87

US First Lady Edith Roosevelt
US First Lady
Edith Roosevelt
  • 1952 Waldorf Astor, House of Lords & Commons/owner of Observer, dies
  • 1955 Arnold Struycken, Dutch lawyer, dies at 55
  • 1958 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph-stipulation), dies at 79
  • 1959 John H Kliegl, developer of Klieg light, dies at 89
  • 1959 Ross Granville Harrison, American Biologist and Zoologist (organ transplant pioneer), dies at 89
  • 1960 St John Philby, British explorer and Arabist, dies at 75
  • 1961 Onésime Gagnon, French Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Québec (b. 1888)
  • 1965 E. E. Smith, American food engineer and sci-fi author (Triplanetary), dies at 75
  • 1973 Peter Pitseolak, Inuit photographer and author (b. 1902)
  • 1974 Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1984 Ellsworth Bunker, US ambassador (South-Vietnam, dies at 90)
  • 1985 Charles F. Richter, American physicist and seismologist (developed the Richter scale for measuring earthquake magnitude), dies at 85
  • 1985 Heleb MacInnes, US spy writer (Affiliate in place), dies at 77
  • 1987 Alfred Bester, sci-fi author (Dark Side of Earth), dies at 73
  • 1988 Joachim Prinz, German-American Zionist leader, author and Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), dies at 86
  • 1990 Liesbeth de Uyl-of Vessem, feminist/wife of Joop du, dies
  • 1990 Michel Levis, French cultural anthropologist/writer, dies
  • 1990 Patrick White, Australian writer and playwright (Nobel Prize for Literature 1973), dies at 78
  • 1990 Alice Parizeau, Polish-born Quebec writer and journalist, dies at 60
  • 1990 Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist, dies at 89
  • 1991 Nancy Welford, entertainer, dies at 87
  • 1993 Alex Lyon, English Labor Lower house leader (1966-83), dies at 61
  • 1993 Paul Nowee, Dutch writer of children's and youth books. (Arendsoog.. premiejager), dies at 57
  • 1994 Alex Scott, trainer, Horses, dies at 34
  • 1994 Andre Michel Lwoff, physiologist, dies at 92
  • 1994 Roberto Viola, Argentine general/president (1981), dies at 69
  • 1995 Frederick Archibald Warner, British diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1996 Elizabeth Gille, writer translator/editor, dies at 59
  • 1996 Frances Lear, American magazine publisher (Lears), dies at 73
  • 1996 Kenneth Muir, English scholar, dies at 89
  • 1996 Udom Patpongsiri, property developer, dies at 79
  • 1997 Male alligator, largest in Florida (14 feet), killed at about 65
  • 1997 Richard Selwyn Francis Schiling, British professor of occupational health, dies at 86
  • 2002 Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Robert Kardashian, Armenian-American lawyer, dies of cancer at 59
  • 2003 Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2008 Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam, Singaporean opposition leader and former Secretary-General of Singapore's Worker's Party, dies at 82
  • 2008 Christa Reinig, German poet and writer (Idleness is the Root of All Love, The Tightrope Walker), dies at 82
  • 2010 Stephen J. Cannell, American TV producer (The Rockford Files, The A-Team, 21 Jump Street) and writer, dies of melanoma at 69
  • 2010 Patrick Holmes Sellors, British ophthalmologist, dies at 76
  • 2011 Anwar al-Awlaki, American-born terrorist and islamist militant (b. 1971)
  • 2014 Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist & Nobel Laureate, dies from a heart attack at 87