On This Day

On This Day in History for September 4

Events in History

  • 422 St Boniface I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

Coup d'étatEnd of the Western Roman Empire

476 Romulus Augustulus, last Western Roman Emperor, abdicates after forces led by Odoacer invade Rome. Traditional end of the Western Roman Empire.

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The last Western Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustulus, abdicates the crown in favor of the barbarian king Odoacer
The last Western Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustulus, abdicates the crown in favor of the barbarian king Odoacer
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  • 626 Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, when his father abdicates in his favour
  • 925 Aethelstan crowned King of the Anglo Saxons by the Archbishop of Canterbury at Kingston upon Thames
  • 1260 Battle at Montaperti, Tuscany, between rival factions the Guelphs and Ghibellines
  • 1282 King of Aragon Pedro III annexes Sicily
  • 1414 Peace of Atrecht: John the fearless & Armagnacs
  • 1479 King Alfonso I of Portugal recognizes Isabella as queen of Castile
  • 1571 Catholic rebellion in Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1609 Navigator Henry Hudson is the first European to discover island of Manhattan [or Sep 11]

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
  • 1618 "Rodi" avalanche destroys Plurs, Switzerland, 1,500 killed
  • 1778 City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels
  • 1781 Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos in the Bahia de las Fumas (Bay of Smokes)
  • 1786 -5] William of Orange's troops plunder Netherlands towns of Hattem and Elburg
  • 1805 1st edition of Batavian State Courier published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat between New York and Albany

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • 1813 First US religious newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1821 Chilean independence figure José Miguel Carrera shot and killed after a show trial in Mendoza, Argentina

General and President of Chile José Miguel Carrera
General and President of Chile
José Miguel Carrera
  • 1833 1st newsboy hired (Barney Flaherty, 10 years old by the NY Sun)
  • 1842 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after a 284-year hiatus
  • 1854 English and French lay siege to the eastern Russian city of Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky during the Crimean war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Lee begins the Maryland Campaign invading the North with 50,000 Confederate troops (US Civil war)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • 1864 Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 In its 1st large-scale test, Thomas Edison's light bulb is used to light NY's Pearl Street Station

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1884 Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia
  • 1885 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1886 Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war

Apache Leader Geronimo
Apache Leader

Historic InventionRoll-film Camera

1888 George Eastman patents the first roll-film camera & registers "Kodak"

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Eastman's roll-film camera patent, U.S. Patent No. 388,850
Eastman's roll-film camera patent, U.S. Patent No. 388,850
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • 1894 In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting against sweat shops
  • 1899 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay, Alaska
  • 1904 Dalai Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
  • 1911 French aviator Roland Garros sets world altitude record of 4,250 m (13,944 ft)
  • 1912 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured
  • 1914 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • 1914 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1918 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
  • 1918 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
  • 1919 British intervene in Petrograd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 William Walmsley and William Lyons officially found the Swallow Sidecar Company (later Jaguar Cars) in Blackpool, England

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • 1923 A Charlot & N Coward's revue "London Calling" premieres in London
  • 1923 Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah
  • 1930 Cambridge Theatre opens in London
  • 1933 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 kph), JR Wendell, Glenview, Il

BattleCoup d'état

1933 Coup against Cuban president Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada by Fulgencio Batista

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1936 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1936 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier
  • 1939 Dutch 2nd Chamber affirms Netherland's in a State of War
  • 1939 German troops move into Danzig
  • 1939 Netherlands & Belgium declare neutrality
  • 1939 Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated
  • 1939 RAF bombs Wilhelmshafen, Germany
  • 1940 Gerbrandy becomes premier of Dutch government in exile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Nazi collaborator Mussert puts the fate of Netherlands in Hitler's hands

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 US destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652
  • 1942 Transport #28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • 1944 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • 1944 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • 1944 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • 1944 US 1st Army frees Namur, Belgium
  • 1945 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Queen Wilhelmina abdicates the Dutch throne in favour of her daughter Juliana because of illness, after 58 years, longest of any Dutch monarch

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1949 Marie Robie sinks 393 yd hole-in-one (1st hole in Furnace Brook)
  • 1950 First helicopter rescue of American pilot behind enemy lines
  • 1950 D McI Hodgson of St Ann Bay, Nova Scotia catches a 997 lb tuna
  • 1950 Heavy typhoon strikes Japan, kills about 250
  • 1950 "Beetle Bailey" comic strip debuts in twelve newspapers

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1951 US President Harry Truman addresses opening of Japanese Peace Treaty Conference

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1954 Peter B. Cortese of US achieves a one-arm deadlift of 370 lbs; 22 lbs over triple his body weight, at York, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Ford Motor Co. introduces Edsel automobile range

USALittle Rock Crisis

1957 Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out National Guard to prevent 9 black students from entering a Little Rock's Central High School

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The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
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  • 1960 -12] Hurricane Donna, kills 148 in the Caribbean & US
  • 1961 US authorizes Agency for International Development

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 French President Charles de Gaulle visits German FR

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1963 Swissair Flight 306 crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all 80 people on board
  • 1964 Eduardo Frei Montalva elected President of Chile
  • 1964 Scottish Forth Road Bridge opens (then the longest in Europe)
  • 1964 NASA launches its 1st Orbital Geophysical Observatory (OGO-1)
  • 1967 6.5 earthquake of Kolya Dam India, kills 200
  • 1967 Train crash at Arnhem, Netherlands, kills 5
  • 1968 Nigerian troops conquer the city of Aba, Biafra during the Nigerian Civil War
  • 1970 -5) 29.0 cm rainfall at Workman Creek, Arizona (state record)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Marxist Salvador Allende wins a narrow plurality of votes in Chile's presidential election

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1970 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) member, Michael Kane (35), is killed in the premature explosion of the bomb he was planting at an electricity transformer in Belfast
  • 1971 Alaskan 727 crashes into Chilkoot Mountain, kills 109 (Alaska)
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1972 Thieves steal 18 paintings from the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in what was at the time the largest art theft in North America
  • 1973 William E. Colby, becomes 10th director of the CIA
  • 1975 The Sinai Interim Agreement relating to the Arab-Israeli conflict is signed
  • 1976 Palestinians hijack KLM DC-9 to Cyprus
  • 1979 India need 438 to win v England, game ends at 8-429
  • 1979 Iran army conquers Baneh
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Arson fire engulfs apartment-hotel in LA, 25 die
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Birthdays in History

  • 973 Al-Biruni, Iranian mathematician, astonomer, and polymath, born in Kath, Khwarezm, Afrighid dynasty (d. 1048) [some sources cited 5th as birth date]
  • 1241 Alexander III, King of Scotland, born in Roxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire (d. 1286)
  • 1249 Amadeus V de Great, Count of Flanders and Savoy, born in Le Bourget-du-Lac, France (d. 1323)
  • 1383 Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoye and last antipope (Felix V, 1439-48), born in Chambéry, France (d. 1451)
  • 1454 Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, born in Wales (d. 1483)
  • 1557 Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1631)
  • 1563 Wanli, Emperor of Ming Dynasty, born in China (d. 1620)
  • 1596 Constantijn Huygens, Dutch diplomat and poet, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1687)
  • 1647 Gerhard Noodt, Dutch lawyer, born in Nijemegen, Netherlands (d. 1725)
  • 1717 Job Orton, English minister, born in Shrewsbury, England (d. 1783)
  • 1746 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1803)
  • 1755 Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1810)
  • 1768 Francois René de Chateaubriand, French novelist (Atala), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1848)
  • 1778 Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, French King of Netherlands (1806-10), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Kingdom of France (d. 1846)
  • 1793 Edward Bates, American lawyer (26th U.S. Attorney General), born in Goochland County, Virginia (d. 1869)
  • 1795 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1878)
  • 1801 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1868)
  • 1802 Marcus Whitman, American physician and missionary (Oregon Trail), born in Federal Hollow, New York (d. 1847)
  • 1803 Sarah Childress Polk, Wife of the 11th President of the United States, James K. Polk (1845-1849), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 1891)
  • 1809 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Trip to H Land), born in Kremenets, Russian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1810 Donald McKay, Canadian-American naval architect (built fastest clipper ships), born in Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1880)
  • 1815 Andreas Ignatius Schaepman, Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1882)
  • 1824 Phoebe Cary, American poet (Poems of Alice & Phoebe Cary), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)
  • 1825 Dadabhai Naoroji, 1st Indian in British parliament, born in Mumbai, India (d. 1917)
  • 1826 Martin Wiberg, Swedish computer pioneer, born in Viby, Scania, Sweden (d. 1905)
  • 1832 Antonio Agliardi, Italian diplomat and Roman Catholic cardinal, born in Cologno al Serio, Italy (d. 1915)
  • 1843 Charles Dilke, British statesman and Radical politician, born in London (d. 1911)
  • 1846 Daniel Burnham, American architect and urban designer (built skyscrapers), born in Henderson, New York (d. 1912)
  • 1848 Lewis Howard Latimer, American inventor (carbon filament lightbulbs), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1928)
  • 1850 Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal (WW I-Caporetto), born in Verbania, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1928)
  • 1851 John Dillon, Irish nationalist and British Lower house leader, born in Blackrock, Dublin (d. 1927)
  • 1853 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1869 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • 1869 Geart Aeilco Wumkes, Frisian theologist and writer (Frision Movement), born in Joure, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • 1870 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied), born in Asch, Bohemia (d. 1956)
  • 1880 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo) (d. 1946)
  • 1885 Antonio Bacci, Italian cardinal, born in Giugnola, Italy (d. 1971)
  • 1886 Albert Orsborn, 6th General of The Salvation Army, born in Clapton, England (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor and choreographer (Triadisches Ballett), born in Stuttgart, German Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1893 Henry Schultz, American economist (econometrics), born in Sharkawshchyna, Russian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1900 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder, born in Nieuwe-Tonge, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1901 Paul Osborn, American playwright (Mornings at 7), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 1988)

Person of interestWilliam Lyons

1901 William Lyons, British industrialist (Jaguar cars), born in Blackpool, Lancashire (d. 1985)

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • 1904 Julian W. Hill, American research chemist (developed nylon), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Max Delbrück, German-American biologist and molecular geneticist (bacteriophage, Nobel Prize 1969), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1905 Mary Renault [Challans], British writer (King Must Die, Funeral Games), born in Forest Gate, Essex, England (d. 1983)
  • 1906 Han G. Hoekstra, Dutch poet (Ongerijmde life), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Leo Castelli, Italian-American art dealer, born in Trieste, Austrian Littoral, Austria-Hungary (d. 1999)
  • 1907 Maurice Ashley, British historian and editor (The Listener) (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Richard Wright, American author (Native Son, Uncle Tom's Children), born in Roxie, Mississippi (d. 1960)

Person of interestEduard Wirths

1909 Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician (Auschwitz), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1912 Alexander Liberman, Russian-American magazine editor, painter and photographer (639), born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1999)
  • 1913 Stanford Moore, American biochemist (Nobel 1977), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1982)
  • 1913 Mickey Cohen, American gangster (Cohen crime family), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1913 Kenzo Tange, Japanese architect (Kagawa Prefectural Government Office Building, 1987 Pritzker Prize), born in Sakai, Japan (d. 2005)
  • 1914 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive and 3rd postwar chairman of Volkswagen, born in Altmark, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Robert A. W. Lowndes, American sci-fi author (Puzzle Planet) (d. 1988)
  • 1917 Henry Ford II, American businessman and grandson of Henry Ford, (President of Ford Motor Company, 1945-79), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1987)

Person of interestPaul Harvey

1918 Paul Harvey, American news commentator and radio broadcaster (Rest of the story), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2009)

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • 1920 Craig Claiborne, American food columnist (NY Times Cookbook), born in Sunflower, Mississippi (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Teddy Johnson, British singer (Pearl Carr & Teddy Johnson), born in Surbiton, Surrey (d. 2018)
  • 1922 Per Olof Sundman, Swedish writer and politician, born in Vaxholm, Sweden (d. 1992)
  • 1924 Joan Aiken, English writer of children's books (The Whispering Mountain), born in Rye, Sussex, England (d. 2004)
  • 1925 Forrest [Asa Earl] Carter, American author and segregationist speech writer, born in Anniston, Alabama (d. 1979)
  • 1926 Robert J. Lagomarsino, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Ventura, California
  • 1927 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Matinchenko, Russian cosmonaut, born in Verhhyi Mamon, Voronezh Region, Russia (d. 1999)
  • 1928 Donald Petersen, American businessman (CEO of Ford Motor Company), born in Pipestone, Minnesota
  • 1929 Thomas Eagleton, American politician (38th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2007)
  • 1930 Norman Dorsen, American lawyer, human rights advocate and president of the American Civil Liberties Union, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Carlos Romero Barceló, Puerto Rican politician (5th Governor of Puerto Rico), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico

Person of interestClive Granger

1934 Clive Granger, Welsh-born British economist (Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences 2003), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 2009)

Economist Clive Granger
Clive Granger
  • 1941 Marilena Chaui, Brazilian philosopher, born in São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1941 Sushilkumar Shinde, Indian politician (Minister of Home Affairs, 2012-14), born in Solapur, India
  • 1942 Bob Filner, American politician (Rep-D-California 1992-2012; Mayor of San Diego, 2012-13), born in Pittsbugh, Pennsylvania
  • 1942 Alireza Shapour Shahbazi, Iranian archaeologist and a world expert on Achaemenid archaeology, born in Shiraz, Iran (d. 2006)
  • 1944 Christopher Needler, English businessman, born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • 1951 Nicu Ceaușescu, youngest child of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and considered the President's heir apparent, born in Scornicești, Romania
  • 1951 Marita Ulvskog, Swedish politician, born in Luleå, Sweden
  • 1955 Brian Schweitzer, American politician (Governor of Montana, 2005–13), born in Havre, Montana
  • 1959 Armin Kogler, Austrian skier (2-time winner of jumping World Cup), born in Schwaz, Austria
  • 1959 William Kennedy Smith, American physician and member of the Kennedy family (accused of rape in Florida, 1991), born in Brighton, Massachusetts
  • 1962 Ulla Tørnæs, Danish politician, born in Esbjerg, Denmark

Person of interestShinya Yamanaka

1962 Shinya Yamanaka, Japanese physician (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine), born in Osaka, Japan

Physician Shinya Yamanaka
Shinya Yamanaka
  • 1964 Anthony Weiner, American politician (Rep-NY 1999-2011) and sex offender, born in New York City, New York
  • 1976 Clinton R. Nixon, American game designer (The Shadow of Yesterday)
  • 1978 Christian Walz, Swedish artist, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1980 Tamika Mallory, American activist and founder of Mallory Consulting, born in New York City, New York
  • 1988 John Tyler Hammons, American politician, born in Muskogee, Oklahoma

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1834 American abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (28) weds Helen Eliza Benson (22), in Boston, Massachusetts

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison

LoveWedding of Interest

1930 Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall (21) weds Vivien Burey at First African Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall

Deaths in History

  • 422 St Boniface I, Italian Bishop of Rome, dies
  • 454 Dioscorus van Alexandria, patriarch (council of Efeze), dies
  • 799 Musa al-Kazim, Shia Imam, dies at 53
  • 1037 King Bermudo III of Leon (b. 1010)

Person of interestTughril

1063 Tughril, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad and founder of the Seljuk Empire (1037-63), dies at about 73

Founder of the Seljuk Empire Tughril
Founder of the Seljuk Empire
  • 1085 Irmgarde van Suchtelen, German countess of Aspel, hermit and saint, dies
  • 1199 Joan of England, Queen consort of Sicily, wife of William II of Sicily (b. 1165)
  • 1537 Johann Dietenberger, German theologian (b. c. 1475)
  • 1553 Cornelia da Nomatalcino, monk converted to Judaism, burned at stake
  • 1571 Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland for his grandson King James VI, shot and killed during a skirmish in Stirling at 54
  • 1588 Robert Dudley, English Earl of Leicester, favourite of Elizabeth I, dies at 87
  • 1644 John Wtenbogaert, Dutch theologist (Kerckelicke history), dies at 87
  • 1709 Jean-Francois Regnard, French comedic poet who was captured by pirates to be a slave in Algeria, dies at 54
  • 1767 Charles Townshend, English politician, 3rd Viscount of Townshend, dies at 42
  • 1780 John Fielding, English magistrate and social reformer (b. 1721)
  • 1784 César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer (geodesic labor), dies at 70
  • 1794 John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman (b. 1724)
  • 1804 Richard Somers, American naval officer, killed during assault on Tripoli during First Barbary Wars at 25

Person of interestJosé Miguel Carrera

1821 José Miguel Carrera, 1st President of Chile (1811-14), shot and killed after a show trial at 35

General and President of Chile José Miguel Carrera
General and President of Chile
José Miguel Carrera
  • 1828 Cornelis Stevens, Belgian priest and polemist, dies at 80
  • 1845 Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard, French statesman and philosopher, dies at 82
  • 1852 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1796)
  • 1864 John Hunt Morgan, American Confederate military leader of 'Morgan's Raiders', killed by Union troops at Greeneville at 39

Person of interestClyde Fitch

1909 Clyde Fitch, American playwright, dies at 44

Playwright Clyde Fitch
Clyde Fitch
  • 1916 José Echegaray, Spanish politician and dramatist (Nobel Prize for Literature 1904), dies at 84
  • 1922 Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of Sorelianism, dies at 74
  • 1944 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Herzogenbusch concentration camp at 35
  • 1960 Alfred Ez. Green, American director (Copacabana), dies after long illness at 71
  • 1963 Robert Schuman, Luxembourg-born French statesman and Prime Minister of France (1947-48), dies at 77
  • 1964 Werner Bergengruen, Baltic German writer (Der Großtyrann und das Gericht), dies at 71
  • 1965 Albert Schweitzer, German-French theologian and philosopher (Nobel Peace Prize 1954), dies at 90
  • 1970 James M. Taylor, American USAF officer and astronaut, killed during a training mission at 39
  • 1974 Creighton W. Abrams, US general and army staff chief (Vietnam), dies at 59
  • 1974 Marcel Achard, French playwright (La forges the Paris), dies at 75
  • 1974 Lewi Pethrus, Swedish Pentecostal minister and politician, dies at 90
  • 1977 E. F. Schumacher, German economist and statistician (b. 1911)
  • 1977 Jean Rostand, French biologist and philosopher, dies at 82
  • 1979 Jef van de Wiele, Belgian pro-Nazi politician, dies at 76
  • 1979 Canuplin, Filipino magician and bodabil entertainer (b. 1904)
  • 1980 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, dies at 74
  • 1989 Ronald Syme, New Zealand-born classicist and historian, dies at 86
  • 1990 Henry Faas [Wandelganger], Dutch journalist (Volkskrant), dies
  • 1993 Mehmet Sincar, Turkish/Kurd MP, murdered
  • 1994 Laurens van Deenen, Dutch biochemist, dies at 66
  • 1995 Edmond Jouhaud, French general, dies at 90
  • 1995 William Moses Kunstler, UCLA attorney (Chicago 7), dies at 78
  • 1997 Aldo Rossi, Italian architect (b. 1931)
  • 1997 Jeffrey Bernard, British writer (Spectator Magazine - Low Life), dies at 65
  • 1998 Elizabeth Kata, Australian writer, A Patch of Blue (b. 1912)
  • 2001 Hank the Angry Drunken Dwarf, American radio personality (b. 1962)
  • 2004 James O. Page, American paramedic (b. 1936)
  • 2006 Colin Thiele, Australian author and educator (b. 1920)
  • 2007 John Scott, Duke of Buccleuch, Scottish peer, then largest landowner in Scotland, 1st MP in a wheelchair, dies at 83
  • 2007 Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese army officer and educator, dies at 95
  • 2014 Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologist (Gingham Girl), dies at 85