On This Day

On This Day in History for September 8

Events in History

  • 1024 Duke Conrad II chosen as German king and crowned at Mainz Cathedral
  • 1141 -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams
  • 1156 Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
  • 1264 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1276 John XXI [ Peter Juliani] elected Pope, only Portuguese Pope
  • 1303 Anagni: French King Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1331 Stefan Dušan declares himself king of Serbia
  • 1380 Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow's great monarch Dimitri defeats the Mongols beginning the decline of the Tatars
  • 1449 Battle of Tumu Fortress - Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor

ItalyThe Statue of David

1504 Michelangelo's statue of David is unveiled in Florence

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A masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture, The Statue of David completed by Michelangelo in 1504
A masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture, The Statue of David completed by Michelangelo in 1504
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  • 1514 Battle of Orsha: Polish/Lithuania army defeat the Russian army

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1522 Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completing 1st circumnavigation of the globe (expedition began under Ferdinand Magellan)

  • 1536 Earl of Nassau disbands siege of Peronne
  • 1545 English Earl of Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1553 City of Lichfield, England, founded
  • 1563 Maximilian chosen king of Hungary

  • 1565 1st permanent European settlement in the US founded at St. Augustine, Florida
  • 1565 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John
  • 1628 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet in the Bay of Matanzas, Cuba
  • 1664 Dutch surrender colony of New Netherlands (including New York) to 300 English soldiers
  • 1689 China & Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
  • 1713 Pope Clemens XI publishes decree "Unigenitus" against Jansenism
  • 1727 A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.
  • 1755 Battle of Lake George in the Province of New York: British army beats French
  • 1756 French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
  • 1760 French army surrenders Montreal to General Jeffrey Amherst
  • 1771 Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California
  • 1796 Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians
  • 1831 William IV is crowned King of Great Britain.
  • 1847 US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • 1855 French forces successfully assault the Malakoff Line during the Crimean War
  • 1855 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 Abraham Lincoln supposedly says in a speech "You may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time"

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1860 Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" sinks after being rammed in a storm on Lake Michigan drowning about 300. Largest loss of life on the Great Lakes.
  • 1863 -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1863 Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces

  • 1863 Battle of Telford's Depot TN
  • 1868 New York Athletic Club forms
  • 1870 Netherlands and Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" an agreement to allow Indian contract workers from Calcutta to work in sugar plantations in Suriname
  • 1883 Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont
  • 1888 In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.
  • 1892 1st appearance of "Pledge of Allegiance" (Youth's Companion)
  • 1899 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa
  • 1900 6,000 killed when a hurricane & tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas
  • 1907 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Pasceni dominici gregis (anti-modernism)
  • 1914 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • 1914 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • 1915 Association of Negro Life & History founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 US Air Mail service begins (NYC to San Francisco)
  • 1923 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
  • 1924 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
  • 1926 League of Nations Assembly votex unanimously to admit Germany
  • 1930 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie"
  • 1930 NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew
  • 1930 Richard Drew creates Scotch tape

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Second Spanish government of Manuel Azaña forms

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1934 Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle bound for NJ catches fire, 133 die
  • 1935 Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2)
  • 1936 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged
  • 1937 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
  • 1941 Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by Germany begins
  • 1941 Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, is exterminated
  • 1943 Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers from Sicily

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1944 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • 1944 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • 1945 US invades Japanese-held Korea
  • 1946 Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456
  • 1946 Bulgaria ends monarchy
  • 1948 British De Havilland DH108-fighter flies faster than sound
  • 1951 Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries in San Francisco
  • 1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1952 Ernest Hemingway's novel "The Old Man & the Sea" published

  • 1953 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona
  • 1954 Alan Freed leaves Cleveland to NYC for WINS radio
  • 1954 SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia
  • 1957 Jackie Wilson, releases his 1st solo single "Reet Petite"
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII encyclical On motion pictures, radio, TV
  • 1958 Oman turns over Gwadur (on Baluchistan coast) to Pakistan
  • 1958 Paul Anka opens Asian tour in Tokyo
  • 1959 The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.
  • 1960 German Democratic Republic limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners
  • 1962 Chinese troops exceed Mac-Mahon-line (Tibet-India boundary)
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 'Evening Star'
  • 1963 Algerian population accepts constitution
  • 1963 Ines Cuervo de Priete, 34, gives birth to quintuplets, all boys
  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida
  • 1965 Kansas City A's Bert Campaneris plays all 9 positions in a game

Hey, Hey – We're The MonkeesHey, Hey – We're The Monkees

1965 A small ad in New York’s Daily Variety attracts 437 young men interested in forming the world’s first manufactured boy band, "The Monkees"

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The Monkees riding high in 1966
The Monkees riding high in 1966
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 The Severn Bridge is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1967 Surveyor 5 launched; makes soft landing on Moon Sept 10
  • 1967 Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic
  • 1967 The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.
  • 1968 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1968 Saundra Williams wins 1st Miss Black America pageant
  • 1969 Suleiman Maghrabi appointed premier of Libya

Birthdays in History

  • 64 Julia Flavia, daughter of Roman Emperor Titus and lover of Domitian, born in Rome (d. 91)
  • 801 Ansgar, German Catholic archbishop and Saint, born in Amiens, France (d. 865)
  • 828 Ali al-Hadi, 10th Shia Imam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 868)

Person of interestRichard the Lionheart

1157 Richard I [Richard the Lion Hearted], King of England (1189-99), born in Oxford, England (d. 1199)

  • 1207 Sancho II, King of Portugal (1223-47), born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1248)
  • 1271 Charles Martel of Anjou, Son of Charles II of Naples, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1295)
  • 1380 Bernardino of Siena, Italian priest and Franciscan missionary, born in Massa Marittima, Italy (d. 1444)
  • 1474 Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (Orlando Furioso), born in Reggio Emilia, Italy (d. 1533)
  • 1515 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Toledo, Spain (d. 1585)
  • 1588 Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (Number of Mersenne), born in Oizé, Maine, France (d. 1648)
  • 1591 Jacqueline-Marie-Angélique Arnauld, French abbess (Port-Royal de Paris), born in Paris (d. 1661)
  • 1611 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1671)
  • 1621 Louis II Condé, Duke of Bourbon (Rocroy), born in Paris (d. 1686)
  • 1633 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, born in Vienna (d. 1654)
  • 1718 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud, French sentimental writer (Les Épreuves du sentiment), born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • 1749 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, born in Paris (d. 1793)
  • 1749 Marie Thérèse Louise of Savoy, Princesse de Lamballe, French aristocrat, born in Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Savoy (d. 1792)
  • 1767 August Wilhelm Schlegel, German poet, translator and critic, born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1845)
  • 1774 Anna Katharina Emmerick, Roman Catholic Augustinian Canoness Regular of Windesheim, Marian visionary, ecstatic and stigmatist, born in Coesfeld, Westphalia, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1824)
  • 1778 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), born in Ehrenbreitstein, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1779 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1808)
  • 1783 N. F. S. Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher, born in Udby, Zealand, Denmark (d. 1872)
  • 1804 Eduard Friedrich Mörike, German poet, born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1875)
  • 1814 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian, born in Bourbourg, France (d. 1874)
  • 1815 Alexander Ramsey, American politician (1st Governor of Minnesota Territory), born in Hummelstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1903)
  • 1821 Henry Baxter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Sidney, New York (d. 1873)
  • 1828 Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, American professor and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Brewer, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1829 George Crook, American Major General (Union Army), born in Taylorsville, Ohio (d. 1890)
  • 1829 Seth Barton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1900)

Person of interestFrederic Mistral

1830 Frederic Mistral, French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), born in Maillane, France (d. 1914)

Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral
Provencal Poet
Frederic Mistral
  • 1831 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), born in Eschershausen, Germany (d. 1910)

Person of interestCharles J. Guiteau

1841 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, born in Freeport, Illinois (d. 1882)

  • 1852 Gojong, Emperor Gwangmu of Korea (1897-1907), born in Unhyeon Palace, Hanseong, Joseon dynasty, Korea (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Willem Marinus van Rossum, Dutch cardinal and prefect of Propaganda File, born in Zwolle, Overijssel, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1857 Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of German Empire, born in Haynau, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1857 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1945)
  • 1865 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1924)
  • 1873 David O. McKay, 9th President of Latter-day Saints, born in Huntsville, Utah (d. 1970)
  • 1873 Max Reinhardt [Goldmann], Austrian theatrical director (Oedipus Rex) and founder of the Salzburg Festival, born in Baden, Austria (d. 1943)
  • 1873 Alfred Jarry, French writer (Ubu Roi), born in Layal, Mayenne, Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1880 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1886 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet and writer (Counterattack), born in Matfield, Kent, England (d. 1967)
  • 1887 George, Crown Prince of Serbia, eldest son of King Peter I, born in Cetinje, Montenegro (d. 1972)
  • 1888 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1970)
  • 1889 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1953)
  • 1900 Claude Pepper, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963-89), born in Dudleyville, Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Hendrik Verwoerd, South African Prime Minister (1958-66) who was assassinated in 1966, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1902 Nico Donkersloot, Dutch literary and writer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1906 Andrei Kirilenko, Russian member of Central Committee of Communist Party, born in Alexeyevka, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Geoffrey Hodges, bomb disposal expert (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Alexander Mackendrick, American-born Scottish director (Man in the White Suit, Mandy), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Leo Cherne, American economist and commentator (All Star News), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1914 Dimitrios I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1973-91), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1918 Derek Barton, British organic chemist (Nobel 1969), born in Gravesend, Kent (d. 1998)
  • 1918 John F. Seiberling, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1971-86), born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Richard Pool, naval Officer
  • 1919 Gianni Brera, Italian sports journalist and writer, born in San Zenone al Po, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Lyndon LaRouche, American presidential candidate (1980)
  • 1924 Wendell Ford, American politician (Sen-D-Kentucky, 1974-1999), Governor of Kentucky (1971-74), born in Owensboro, Kentucky (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Mimi Parent, Canadian painter, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Marie-Claire Kirkland, Quebec lawyer and politician, born in Palmer, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, American Mexican media tycoon (Televisa) , born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1930 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Premier of South Vietnam (1965-67), born in Sơn Tây, Indochina (d. 2011)
  • 1930 Robert W. Firestone, American author and clinical psychologist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1931 John Garrett, British Labour Party politician, born in Romford, London (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician; father of Heidi Fleiss
  • 1933 Michael Frayn, English playwright (Copenhagen), born in Mill Hill, England
  • 1934 Rodrigue Biron, Canadian politician, born in Sainte-Croix, Quebec
  • 1938 Sam Nunn, American politician (Sen-D-Georgia, 1972 - 1997), born in Macon, Georgia
  • 1940 Quentin L. Cook, American lawyer and religious leader (Quorum of the Twelve Apostles), born in Logan, Utah

Person of interestBernie Sanders

1941 Bernie Sanders, American politician and Senator (Independent - Vt), born in Brooklyn, New York

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders
  • 1942 Ansen [Nancy Ann] Dibble, Dutch sci-fi author (Summerfair), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1943 Adelaide C. Eckardt, American politician, born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • 1947 Ann Beattie, American novelist and short story writer (Chilly Scenes of Winter), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1948 Lynn [Lorraine] Abbey, American sci-fi author (Black Flame), born in Peekskill, New York
  • 1950 Mike Simpson, American politician (R-HoR: 1999-present), born in Burley, Idaho
  • 1950 James Mattis, 26th United States Secretary of Defense under the Trump administration (2017-2019), born in Pullman, Washington
  • 1951 Randy Odle, American astronaut, born in Port Arthur, Texas
  • 1954 Mark Foley, American politician (R) (US Rep Florida 1995-2006), resigned after texting scandal, born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • 1956 David Carr, American journalist (New York Times), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1960 Stefano Casiraghi, Italian speedboat racer, businessman and husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco, born in Como, Italy (d. 1990)
  • 1961 Paul Zanetti, Australian political cartoonist, born in Wollongong, Australia
  • 1962 Christopher Klim, American novelist (Jesus Lives in Trenton)
  • 1964 Michael Johns, American conservative commentator and policy analyst, born in Allentown, Pennsylvania
  • 1967 James Packer, Australian businessman, son of Kerry Packer, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1972 Phil Laak, Irish-American professional poker player, born in Dublin

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1761 Marriage of George III of the United Kingdom to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Queen Charlotte).

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III

LoveWedding of Interest

1864 Business magnate John D. Rockefeller (25) weds abolitionist Laura Spelman (24)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller

LoveWedding of Interest

1897 Confederate General James Longstreet (76) weds Helen Dortch (34) at the governor's mansion in Atlanta, Georgia

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet

LoveWedding of Interest

1969 Polish politician and trade-union organizer Lech Wałęsa (25) weds Danuta Golos (20)

Polish Politician and Labor Activist Lech Wałęsa
Polish Politician and Labor Activist
Lech Wałęsa
  • 2007 Duchess Maria-Anna Henriette Gabrielle Julie in Bavaria (32) weds investment banker Klaus Runow near Munich, Germany

Deaths in History

  • 394 Arbogast, French general, commits suicide
  • 701 Sergius I, Syrian/Italian Pope (687-701), dies
  • 780 Leo IV de Chazaar, Byzantine Emperor (775-80), dies
  • 876 Lodewijk de Duitser, king of East French Republic (833-76), dies at 72
  • 1100 Clement III, [Wibert van Ravenna], 1st anti-pope (1084-1100), dies
  • 1397 Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester.
  • 1425 King Charles III of Navarre (b. 1361)
  • 1539 John Stokesley, English churchman
  • 1550 Hans [Johann] Vischer, German count of Johann Cicero, dies
  • 1555 Thomas Villanova, Spanish saint/archbishop of Valencia, dies
  • 1560 Amy Robsart, wife of English premier Robert Dudley, dies by accident
  • 1603 George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon, English politician (b. 1547)
  • 1633 Carlo Caraffa, Italian jesuit/religious order founder, dies at about 72
  • 1644 Francis Quarles, English poet (Enchiridion), dies at 52
  • 1645 Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, Spanish author and poet, dies at 64
  • 1645 John Coke, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1654 Peter Claver, Spanish saint (baptized 300,000 slaves), dies
  • 1656 Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (Virgidemiarum: Six Books), dies at 82
  • 1660 Daniel von Czepko, German poet, dies at 54
  • 1675 Amalia, countess of Solms-Braunfels and wife of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, dies at 73
  • 1682 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, Spanish writer, dies at 76
  • 1721 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor, dies at 35
  • 1739 Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (b. 1668)
  • 1755 Ephraim Williams, American philanthropist, dies at 40
  • 1761 Bernard Forest de Bélidor, French engineer (b. 1698)
  • 1780 Enoch Poor, American Continental Army general (b. 1736)

Person of interestAnn Lee

1784 Ann Lee, American founder of the Shakers, dies at 48

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • 1806 Patrick Cotter O'Brien, Irish showman, first known eight-foot-tall person (stood 8ft 1 inch), dies at 46
  • 1811 Peter S Pallas, German geologist/zoologist, dies at 69
  • 1814 Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies, dies at 62
  • 1840 John H van de Palm, theologist/literature/speaker, dies at 77
  • 1853 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar and founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, dies at 40
  • 1881 W Frederik K, prince of Netherlands/general/admiral, dies at 84
  • 1882 Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies
  • 1888 Annie Chapman, English victim of the notorious serial killer Jack the Ripper, murdered at about 48
  • 1893 Luke Short, American Old West gunslinger and saloon owner, dies of dropsy at 39
  • 1894 Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist, dies at 73
  • 1895 Adam Opel, German automobile manufacturer (Adam Opel AG), dies at 58
  • 1909 Frank Crawford Armstrong, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 73
  • 1914 William E Darwin, British son of Charles Darwin, dies at 74
  • 1922 Léon Bonnat, French painter, dies at 89
  • 1933 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria, dies at 50
  • 1935 Carl Austin Weiss, murderer of Sen Huey Long, shot down
  • 1935 Huey Long, American politician (40th Governor of Louisiana), assassinated at Baton Rouge Capitol building at 42
  • 1948 Thomas Mofolo, Lesotho writer (b. 1876)
  • 1951 Jürgen Stroop, SS General during World War II and commander of Nazi forces during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, executed by hanging for crimes against humanity at 56
  • 1953 Fred M. Vinson, American Democratic politician, US Treasury Secretary (1945-46) and the 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53), dies of a heart attack at 63
  • 1955 John de Young, cardinal/archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 69
  • 1956 Gerrit Bolkestein, Dutch minister of Education (1939-45), dies at 84
  • 1956 Vital Celen, Flemish writer ('t Pastoorke van Vossendonck), dies at 69
  • 1962 Hermann Standiger, German chemist (Nobel 1953), dies at 84
  • 1969 Bud Collyer, TV emcee (Beat the Clock, To Tell the Truth), dies at 61
  • 1969 Alexandra David-Néel, Belgian-French explorer and writer, dies at 100
  • 1970 Percy Spencer, inventor of the microwave oven, (b. 1894)
  • 1974 Robert Cox, last surviving member of Keystone Kops, dies at 79
  • 1980 Jean Piaget, Swiss pioneer developmental psychologist and zoologist, dies at 84

Person of interestWillard Libby

1980 Willard Libby, American chemist who developed radiocarbon dating (Nobel 1960), dies of pneumonia at 71

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby
  • 1980 Hermann Claudius, German folk poet (Meister Bertram), dies at 101
  • 1981 Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist (Nobel 1949), dies at 74
  • 1981 Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist and longtime executive director of NAACP, dies at 80
  • 1983 Willem C "Wim" Kan, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 72
  • 1983 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), dies at 82
  • 1985 John Franklin Enders, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1887)
  • 1990 Denys Watkins-Pitchford, British writer and illustrator (The Little Grey Men), dies at 85
  • 1991 Jan J Lipski, chairman (Polish Socialist Party)/writer, dies
  • 1992 Quentin N Burdick, (Sen-D-ND, 1960-91), dies at 84
  • 1993 Hall Bartlett, American director (Jonathan Livingston Seagull), dies at 70
  • 1993 Zaki Naguib Mahmoud, Egyptian philosopher/author/diplomat, dies at 88
  • 1994 Deborah Bear, Engl still photographer (Pasolini/Fellini), dies at 44
  • 1994 Michael Peters, choreographer, dies
  • 1995 Eileen Zhang Ailing Chang, writer, dies at 73
  • 1995 Olga Ivinskaya, mistress of Boris Pasternak, dies of cancer at 83
  • 1995 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, dies at 78
  • 1995 Halldis Moren Vesaas, Norwegian author and poet (Harp and Dagger), dies at 87
  • 1996 Elizabeth Eyre de Lanaux, designer artist/writer, dies at 102
  • 2006 Hilda Bernstein, English-born South African author, artist, and activist (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Jean Villain, Swiss writer, dies at 78
  • 2007 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso (b. 1917)
  • 2007 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, dies at 69
  • 2009 Aage Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Bill Moggridge [William], British designer, dies from cancer at 69
  • 2016 The Lady Chablis [born Benjamin Knox], American transgender entertainer (Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil), dies at 59
  • 2017 Pierre Bergé, French industrialist and co-founder of Yves Saint Laurent Couture House, dies at 86
  • 2020 Alfred Riedl, Austrian soccer striker (4 caps; Austria Wien, Standard Liège) and manager (Austria, Liechtenstein, Vietnam, Palestine, Laos, Indonesia), dies at 70