On This Day

Deaths in History on April 1

  • 1085 Emperor Shenzong of China, 6th emperor of the Song dynasty in China, dies at 36
  • 1132 St-Hugues, Bishop of Grenoble (b. 1053)

Person of interestEleanor of Aquitaine

1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of King of France Louis VII and King of England Henry II, mother to Richard the Lionheart, Henry the Young King and King John, dies at around 81

Queen of France and England and Duchess of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine
Queen of France and England and Duchess of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine
  • 1205 Amalrik II, King of Cyprus/Jerusalem, dies
  • 1548 Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
  • 1611 Gillis van Valkenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 72
  • 1621 Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (b. 1577)
  • 1637 Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)
  • 1682 Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bavarian Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
  • 1787 Floyer Sydenham, English classical scholar (b. 1710)
  • 1791 Richard Butler American soldier (b. 1743)
  • 1814 Jozef de Ferraris, French-Austrian general and cartographer, dies at 87
  • 1832 Robert the Hermit, US ex-slave/hermit in Massachusetts, dies
  • 1839 Benjamin Pierce, American politician (b. 1757)
  • 1866 Johannes C H de Meijere, Dutch zoologist, dies
  • 1869 Anthony Gerhard Alexander van Rappard, Dutch politician, dies at 69

  • 1870 Patrick Gass, American soldier and sergeant of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, dies at 98
  • 1872 Frederick Maurice, English theologian (Church of England), dies at 66
  • 1872 William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer, dies at 28
  • 1878 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
  • 1890 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 69
  • 1901 Francois M Raoult, Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70
  • 1910 Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver, dies at 94
  • 1916 Gabrielle Petit, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
  • 1922 Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
  • 1922 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person measuring 2.41 metres (7 ft 11 in) at the time of her death, dies at 26
  • 1930 Zawditu, 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies
  • 1933 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), dies at 64
  • 1941 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian and hagiographer, dies at 81
  • 1947 George II, King of Greece (1922-1924, and 1935-1947), dies of arteriosclerosis at 56

Person of interestCharles R. Drew

1950 Charles R. Drew, American physician and surgeon who pioneered blood plasma research and developed the blood bank concept, dies in a car crash at 45

Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew
Surgeon and Medical Researcher
Charles R. Drew
  • 1955 Robert R. McCormick, American editor and publisher (Chicago Tribune), dies at 74
  • 1955 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
  • 1957 Gheorge Tatarescu, premier Romania (1933-37, 39-40), dies
  • 1960 Piet[er O] Bakker, Dutch journalist/writer (Ciske), dies at 62
  • 1965 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer, dies at 92

Person of interestHarry Crerar

1965 Harry Crerar, Canadian WWI & WWII general (First Canadian Army), dies at 76

Canadian WWII General Harry Crerar
Canadian WWII General
Harry Crerar
  • 1966 Karl Adam, German theologist (Jesus Christ), dies at 89
  • 1968 Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59
  • 1975 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish etcher and glass painter, dies at 95
  • 1976 Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter and sculptor (founded surrealism), dies at 85
  • 1976 S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal, dies at 75
  • 1981 D[ennis] F[eltham] Jones, sci-fi author (Colossus), dies at 65
  • 1985 Douglass Wallop, American novelist and playwright (b. 1920)
  • 1988 Marius Holtrop, Dutch economist and President of Netherlands Bank, dies at 85
  • 1989 Henk Gortzak [Hendricus Gortzak], Dutch carpenter and politician (CPN/PSP), dies at 57
  • 1991 Martha Graham, American choreographer (Appalachian Spring), dies at 96
  • 1991 Paulo Muwanga, chief of Uganda (1980), dies
  • 1991 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (President of the Independent Democratic Union), dies at 44
  • 1993 Ihsan Mohamed Salem, [Yunis Awad], Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed
  • 1993 Juan of Borbon y Battemberg, father of king Juan Carlos I, dies
  • 1993 Nicanor Zabaleta, Spanish harpist, dies at 86
  • 1994 Leon Degrelle, Belgium general, dies
  • 1994 Robert Doisneau, French photographer (The Kiss), dies at 81
  • 1994 Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix, dies at 86
  • 1994 Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot, dies at 72
  • 1995 Lucie Rie, Austrian-born British potter, dies at 93
  • 1995 Richard Pool, naval Officer, dies at 75
  • 1995 Lucy Rie, American potter (b. 1902)
  • 1995 H. Adams Carter, American mountaineer (Alpine Club President 1954-58; editor American Alpine Journal 1960-95), dies at 80
  • 1996 Alfredo Nobre Coast, Prime Minister of Portugal (1978), dies
  • 1996 John Alwyne Kitching, British zoologist, dies at 87
  • 1996 Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director (b. 1926)
  • 1997 Jolie Gabor, mother of Zsa Zsa & Eva, dies at 97
  • 1997 Nancy Woodhull, news editor (USA Today), dies of cancer at 52
  • 1997 Norman Carr, British conservationist working in Central and Southern Africa, dies at 84
  • 2000 Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, Scottish jurist, dies at 75
  • 2001 Olivia Barclay, British astrologer (revival of traditional forms of astrology in the late 20th century), dies at 81
  • 2002 Simo Hayha, Finnish marksman (b. 1905)
  • 2004 Aaron Bank, American OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (b. 1902)
  • 2005 Robert Coldwell Wood, American educator (b. 1923)
  • 2006 In Tam, Cambodian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2012 Miguel de la Madrid, Mexican President, dies from complications of pulmonary emphysema at 77
  • 2015 John Paul Hammerschmidt, American politician (Rep-R-AR, 1967-93 ), dies at 92
  • 2017 Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet (Bratsk Station), dies at 83

Person of interestEfraín Ríos Montt

2018 Efraín Ríos Montt, Guatemalan general and dictator (1982-83) convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity, dies of a heart attack at 91

Dictator and President of Guatemala Efraín Ríos Montt
Dictator and President of Guatemala
Efraín Ríos Montt
  • 2018 Edward Digby, 12th Baron Digby, British Army (Coldstream Guards) officer, dies at 93
  • 2020 Nur Hassan Hussein [Nur Adde], Somalian politician, Prime Minister of Somalia (2007-09), dies from COVID-19 at 82
  • 2020 David Driskell, American artist and champion of African American art, dies of COVID-19 complications at 88