On This Day

Deaths in History on April 27

  • 630 King Ardashir III of Persia, Sasanian shah of Iran, dies at 9
  • 1076 Willem, bishop of Utrecht (1054-76), murderer of earl Floris I, dies
  • 1404 Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1363-1404), dies at 62

Person of interestFerdinand Magellan

1521 Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer, killed by Filipino natives at 50 while on voyage to circumnavigate the world

  • 1599 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, dies at 61
  • 1605 Leo XI, Italian Pope (1605), dies at 69
  • 1613 Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit missionary, dies at 77
  • 1625 Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior, dies at 72
  • 1656 Gerard van Honthorst, Dutch painter, dies at 65
  • 1656 Jan van Goyen, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
  • 1682 Theodorus III, Tsar of Russia (1676-82), dies at 21
  • 1694 Johan Georg IV, Elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
  • 1695 Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican philosopher & poet, dies at 44

Person of interestJohn Trenchard

1695 John Trenchard, English radical Whig politician and statesman, dies at 46

English Politician John Trenchard
English Politician
John Trenchard
  • 1702 Jean Bart, French naval commander (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51
  • 1782 William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, British politician, dies at 72

  • 1794 William Jones, British orientalist & jurist, dies at 47
  • 1813 Zebulon Pike, American brigadier general & explorer (Pike's Peak), dies in battle at 34
  • 1872 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian politician & author, dies at 70
  • 1881 Ludwig von Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76

Person of interestRalph Waldo Emerson

1882 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist & philosopher (Concord Hymn), dies of pneumonia at 78

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • 1886 Henry Hobson Richardson, Romanesque revival architect, dies of Bright's disease at 47
  • 1893 John Murray Corse, American general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
  • 1893 John Ballance, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand & the founder of the Liberal Party, dies of intestinal disease after a major surgical operation at 54
  • 1896 Henry Parkes, Australian politician (longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales), dies at 80
  • 1902 Julius Sterling Morton, American politician (3rd U.S. Secretary of Agriculture) & founder of Arbor Day, dies at 70
  • 1915 John Labatt, Canadian brewer & businessman (Labatt Brewing Company), dies at 76
  • 1932 Hart Crane, American poet (The Bridge), commits suicide at 32 by jumping overboard into the Gulf of Mexico
  • 1936 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72
  • 1936 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), dies at 79

Person of interestAntonio Gramsci

1937 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher, dies at 46

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1938 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian minister to Colonies, dies at 44
  • 1941 Penelope Delta, Greek author, dies at 67
  • 1952 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, dies at 86
  • 1959 Gordon Armstrong, American inventor of the baby incubator, dies at 69
  • 1961 Roy Del Ruth, American director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67

  • 1962 A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali statesman, dies at 88
  • 1964 Georg Britting, German poet, dies at 73
  • 1969 René Barrientos, President of Bolivia, dies at 49

Person of interestKwame Nkrumah

1972 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60) and 1st President of Ghana (1960-66), dies at 62

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1978 Mohammed Daoud Khan, Afghan politician, murdered at 68
  • 1989 Kōnosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (founded Panasonic), dies at 94
  • 1991 Marcus Heeresma, Dutch author (Anna, Son of a Whore), dies at 55
  • 1993 Hans Sahl, German-American anti-Nazi Jewish writer (Tie Exil im Exil), dies at 90
  • 1994 Jerome Lejeune, French physiologist, dies at 67
  • 1994 John Preston, American writer (Gay House, Big Gay Book), dies at 48
  • 1995 Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer, dies at 73
  • 1996 William Egan Colby, C.I.A. director, dies at 76
  • 1998 Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born American writer & mystic, dies at 72
  • 1998 John Bassett, Canadian publisher & media baron, dies at 47
  • 1998 Dominique Aury, French novelist, dies at 90
  • 2002 George Alec Effinger, American author, dies at 55
  • 2002 Ruth Handler, American toy manufacturer (invented the Barbie doll), dies of cancer at 85
  • 2002 Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Dutch-Swiss industrialist, dies at 81
  • 2003 Piet Roozenburg, Dutch World champion checker player (1948, 51, 52, 55), dies at 78
  • 2006 Julia Thorne, American writer & ex-wife of John Kerry, dies at 61
  • 2017 Julius Youngner, American virologist, helped develop Salk polio vaccine, dies at 96