Deaths in History on April 30

  • 65 Lucan, Roman poet (Bellum Civile), forced to commit suicide after taking part in attempt to overthrow Emperor Nero dies at 25
  • 313 Galerius Valerius Maximinus [Daia], Emperor of Rome (310-313), commits suicide after a military defeat
  • 535 Amalaswintha, queen of Ostrogoths, murdered in the bath at about 37
  • 1030 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies
  • 1063 Emperor Renzong of China, Emperor of the Song dynasty, dies at 52
  • 1196 Boudouin II, bishop of Utrecht (1178-96), dies
  • 1214 Huguccio/Hugo van Pisa, Italian bishop, dies
  • 1328 Meister Eckhard, German theologist and mystic, dies at about 78
  • 1341 John III, Duke of Brittany, dies at 55
  • 1439 Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)
  • 1524 Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)
  • 1544 Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1632 Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, Holy Roman field marshal who commanded the Catholic League's forces in the Thirty Years' War, dies of tetanus after being wounded by a cannonball at 73

Sigismund III VasaSigismund III Vasa (1566-1632)

King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), dies at 65

  • 1642 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), dies at 63
  • 1655 Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (paintings of religious subjects), dies at 37
  • 1660 Peter Scriverius, Dutch lawyer and historian, dies at 84
  • 1696 Robert Plot, English naturalist, dies at 55
  • 1708 Simon de Vries, book seller/writer (Unequal), dies
  • 1712 Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Remonstrants theologist and vicar, dies at 78
  • 1736 Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer, dies at 67
  • 1743 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), dies at 79
  • 1784 Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies
  • 1785 Frederick Philipse III, American land owner (Bronx, Westch & Putnam), dies at 65
  • 1792 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, British statesman who claimed to have invented the sandwich, dies at 73
  • 1795 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (b. 1716)
  • 1800 John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
  • 1829 George Washington Adams, son of John Q Adams, dies on City Island, NYC
  • 1841 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist, dies at 82

Archduke CharlesArchduke Charles (1771-1847)

Duke of Teschen, Austrian field marshal during the Napoleonic wars, dies at 75

  • 1848 Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 1857 Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, dies at 81
  • 1859 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Chronicles of a Russian Family), dies at 67
  • 1865 Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and scientist, dies at 59
  • 1875 Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)
  • 1879 Emma Smith, Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dies at 74
  • 1879 Sarah Josepha Hale, American writer (Mary Had a Little Lamb), editor, activist, and founder of the Seaman's Aid Society of Boston, dies at 90

Edouard ManetEdouard Manet (1832-1883)

French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), dies of complications from syphilis at 51

  • 1885 J. P. [Jens Peter] Jacobsen, Danish writer (Niels Lyhne), dies of tuberculosis at 38
  • 1895 Gustav Freytag, German writer (Soll und Haben), dies at 78
  • 1900 Casey Jones, American railroad engineer, dies at 36 heroically in Cannonball Express train wreck
  • 1903 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, dies at 71
  • 1922 David M Chumaceiro, Curacaos poet, dies

Bessie ColemanBessie Coleman (1892-1926)

American aviator and 1st African-American woman and Native American to hold a pilot license, dies in a plane crash at 34 [1]

  • 1933 Luis Sanchez Cerro, President of Peru, assassinated by Hurtado de Mendoza
  • 1934 William H. Welch, American pathologist who founded John Hopkins Hospital, dies at 75
  • 1936 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), dies at 77
  • 1941 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer and producer (Jack and the Beanstalk), dies at 71
  • 1942 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)
  • 1943 Beatrice Potter Webb, British sociologist, economist (founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85
  • 1943 Etty Hillesum, Dutch diarist, dies in Auschwitz
  • 1943 Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, dies at 82
  • 1944 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, dies at 65

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler (1889-1945)

Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), commits suicide by shooting himself at 56

  • 1945 Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Hitler, commits suicide by cyanide tablet at 33
  • 1947 Almroth Wright, English bacteriologist (developed one of 1st vaccines for typhoid), dies at 85
  • 1956 Alben W. Barkley, American politician (US Representative, Senator and 35th VP-D-1949-53), dies at 78
  • 1970 Jacob Presser, historian/writer (Doom, Ondergang), dies at 71
  • 1971 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll), dies at 70
  • 1972 Ntare V, king of Burundi, murdered
  • 1973 Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator, dies at 61
  • 1980 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1981 Peter Huchel, German poet, dies at 78
  • 1982 Albert TLCA Bird, lecture artist, dies
  • 1982 Herman Tholen, Dutch cabaret performer (Juveniles), dies
  • 1982 Taisen Deshimaru, Japanese founder of several Zen centers in France, dies at 67
  • 1989 Sergio Leone, Italian director who invented spaghetti westerns (The Man with No Name trilogy), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • 1989 Yi Bangja, Crown Prince Euimin of Korea (1926-70), dies at 87
  • 1991 George Sperti, American inventor (Preparation H), dies at 91
  • 1992 Daan van Driel, Dutch cartoonist/WWII resist fighter (Trouw), dies
  • 1994 Ferdinando Scarfiotti, Italian set designer (Last Emperor), dies at 53
  • 1994 Geoffrey Roberts, English wine merchant (championed Australian and Californian wines), dies at 46
  • 1994 Richard Scarry, American children's book writer and illustrator (What Do People Do All Day?), dies at 74
  • 1995 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival king, dies at 34
  • 1996 David Michael Ifshin, British political campaign organiser, dies at 46
  • 1996 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, President of Guatemala (1966-70), dies
  • 1998 Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet (b. 1926)
  • 2002 Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b. 1928)
  • 2002 Leslie Melville, Australian economist and public servant who helped develop the country's central banking system, dies at 100
  • 2003 Mark Berger, University of Kentucky professor (b. 1955)
  • 2005 Ron Todd, TGWU General Secretary (1985 - 1992) (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject
  • 2006 Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Javanese author (Anak semua bangsa), dies of complications from diabetes and heart disease at 81
  • 2007 Jara Ribnikar, Serbian writer, dies at 94
  • 2008 John Cargher, Australian radio broadcaster (b. 1919)
  • 2009 Venetia Burney [Phair], British woman credited with naming Clyde Tombaugh's discovered planet "Pluto" (1930), dies at 90
  • 2010 Gerry Ryan, Irish radio broadcaster (b. 1956)
  • 2011 Dorjee Khandu, Indian, Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh (b. 1955)
  • 2011 Ernesto Sábato, Argentinian writer (Sábato Report), dies at 99
  • 2016 Daniel Berrigan, American Jesuit priest and peace activist (Vietnam War), dies at 94
  • 2016 Marisol (Maria Sol) Escobar, Venezuelan sculptor, dies at 85
  • 2017 Ueli Steck, Swiss mountain climber, dies in a climbing accident in Nepal at 40