On This Day

Deaths in History on April 30

  • 65 Lucan, Roman poet (b. 39)
  • 313 Galerius Valerius Maximinus [Daia], Emperor of Rome (310-313), commits suicide after a military defeat
  • 535 Amalaswintha, queen of Ostrogoths, murdered in the bath at about 37
  • 1030 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies
  • 1063 Emperor Renzong of China, Emperor of the Song dynasty, dies at 52
  • 1196 Boudouin II, bishop of Utrecht (1178-96), dies
  • 1214 Huguccio/Hugo van Pisa, Italian bishop, dies
  • 1328 Meister Eckhard, German theologist and mystic, dies at about 78
  • 1341 John III, Duke of Brittany, dies at 55
  • 1439 Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)
  • 1524 Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)
  • 1544 Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1632 Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, Holy Roman field marshal who commanded the Catholic League's forces in the Thirty Years' War, dies of tetanus after being wounded by a cannonball at 73

Person of interestSigismund III Vasa

1632 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), dies at 65

  • 1642 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), dies at 63
  • 1655 Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (paintings of religious subjects), dies at 37

  • 1660 Peter Scriverius, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 84
  • 1696 Robert Plot, English naturalist, dies at 55
  • 1708 Simon de Vries, book seller/writer (Unequal), dies
  • 1712 Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Remonstrants theologist and vicar, dies at 78
  • 1736 Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer, dies at 67
  • 1743 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), dies at 79
  • 1784 Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies
  • 1785 Frederick Philipse III, American land owner (Bronx, Westch & Putnam), dies at 65
  • 1792 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, British statesman who claimed to have invented the sandwich, dies at 73
  • 1795 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (b. 1716)
  • 1800 John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
  • 1829 George Washington Adams, son of John Q Adams, dies on City Island, NYC
  • 1841 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist, dies at 82
  • 1847 Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen, dies at 75
  • 1848 Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 1857 Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, dies at 81
  • 1859 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Chronicles of a Russian Family), dies at 67
  • 1865 Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and scientist, dies at 59
  • 1875 Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)
  • 1879 Emma Smith, Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dies at 74

Person of interestEdouard Manet

1883 Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass) dies at 51

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • 1885 J. P. [Jens Peter] Jacobsen, Danish writer (Niels Lyhne), dies of tuberculosis at 38
  • 1895 Gustav Freytag, German writer (Soll und Haben), dies at 78
  • 1900 Casey Jones, American railroad engineer, dies at 36 heroically in Cannonball Express train wreck
  • 1903 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, dies at 71
  • 1922 David M Chumaceiro, Curacaos poet, dies
  • 1933 Luis Sanchez Cerro, President of Peru, assassinated by Hurtado de Mendoza
  • 1934 William H. Welch, American pathologist who founded John Hopkins Hospital, dies at 75
  • 1936 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), dies at 77
  • 1941 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer and producer (Jack and the Beanstalk), dies at 71
  • 1942 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)
  • 1943 Beatrice Potter Webb, British sociologist, economist ( founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85
  • 1943 Etty Hillesum, Dutch diarist, dies in Auschwitz
  • 1943 Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, dies at 82
  • 1944 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, dies at 65

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

1945 Adolf Hitler, German politician, Leader of the Nazi Party, German Dictator (1933-45), commits suicide by shooting himself at 56

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945 Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Hitler, commits suicide by cyanide tablet at 33
  • 1956 Alben W Barkley, (VP-D-1949-53), dies at 78
  • 1970 Jacob Presser, historian/writer (Doom, Ondergang), dies at 71
  • 1971 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll), dies at 70
  • 1972 Ntare V, king of Burundi, murdered
  • 1973 Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator, dies at 61
  • 1980 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1981 Peter Huchel, German poet, dies at 78
  • 1982 Albert TLCA Bird, lecture artist, dies
  • 1982 Herman Tholen, Dutch cabaret performer (Juveniles), dies
  • 1982 Taisen Deshimaru, founder of several Zen centers in France, dies at 67
  • 1989 Sergio Leone, Italian director who invented spaghetti westerns (The Man with No Name trilogy), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • 1989 Yi Bangja, Crown Prince Euimin of Korea (1926-70), dies at 87
  • 1991 George Sperti, American inventor (Preparation H), dies at 91
  • 1992 Daan van Driel, Dutch cartoonist/WWII resist fighter (Trouw), dies
  • 1994 Ferdinando Scarfiotti, Italian set designer (Last Emperor), dies at 53
  • 1994 Geoffery Michael Roberts, vintner, dies at 46
  • 1994 Richard Scarry, American children's book writer and illustrator (What Do People Do All Day?), dies at 74
  • 1995 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival king, dies at 34
  • 1996 David Michael Ifshin, British political campaign organiser, dies at 46
  • 1996 Frank Henry Copplestone, TV executive, dies at 71
  • 1996 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, President of Guatemala (1966-70), dies
  • 1998 Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet (b. 1926)
  • 2002 Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b. 1928)
  • 2003 Mark Berger, University of Kentucky professor (b. 1955)
  • 2005 Ron Todd, TGWU General Secretary (1985 - 1992) (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject
  • 2006 Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Indonesian novelist
  • 2007 Jara Ribnikar, Serbian writer, dies at 94
  • 2008 John Cargher, Australian radio broadcaster (b. 1919)
  • 2009 Venetia Burney [Phair], British woman credited with naming Clyde Tombaugh's discovered planet "Pluto" (1930), dies at 90
  • 2010 Gerry Ryan, Irish radio broadcaster (b. 1956)
  • 2011 Dorjee Khandu, Indian, Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh (b. 1955)
  • 2016 Daniel Berrigan, American Jesuit priest and peace activist (Vietnam War), dies at 94
  • 2016 Marisol (Maria Sol) Escobar, Venezuelan sculptor, dies at 85
  • 2017 Ueli Steck, Swiss mountain climber, dies in a climbing accident in Nepal at 40