On This Day

Deaths in History on April 8

MurderCaracalla

217 Caracalla, Roman emperor (198-217), murdered at 29

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Roman Emperor
Caracalla
  • 956 Gilbert of Chalon, Duke of Burgundy
  • 1143 John II Komnenos, Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (1118-43), dies in an accident at 55
  • 1364 John II, the Good, King of France (1350-64), dies at 44
  • 1461 Georg von Purbach, Austrian mathematician and astronomer (best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum), dies at 37
  • 1537 Willem Aerts, Flemish architect, dies
  • 1586 Martin Chemnitz, German Lutheran reformer and theologian, dies at 63
  • 1587 John Foxe, English writer (b. 1516)
  • 1629 Willem Teellinck, Dutch theologist/vicar, dies at 50
  • 1676 Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany, dies at 22
  • 1697 Niels Juel, Danish-Norwegian admiral, dies at 68
  • 1704 Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)
  • 1704 Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman, dies at 63
  • 1725 John Wise, English clergyman (b. 1652)
  • 1735 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, dies at 59
  • 1778 Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76

  • 1794 Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, mathematician dies
  • 1820 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist, dies at 48
  • 1853 Jan Willem Pieneman, Dutch historical painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
  • 1857 Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) regiment of the British East India Company, hanged at 29

Person of interestElisha Otis

1861 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, dies of diphtheria at 50

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1879 Anthony Panizzi, Italian librarian at British Museum, dies at 81
  • 1882 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, dies at 67
  • 1890 Junius Spencer Morgan, American merchant and philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art), dies at 76
  • 1894 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Indian novelist (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
  • 1897 Heinrich von Stephan, UK politician, dies
  • 1898 William Polk Hardeman, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 81
  • 1899 John Wesley Turner, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies at 65
  • 1902 Sipyagain, Russian min of interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated
  • 1906 Auguste Deter, German woman notable for being the 1st person diagnosed with Alzheimer's, dies of sepsis caused by an infected bedsore at 55
  • 1919 Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist, dies at 70 (b. 1848)
  • 1931 Eric Axel Karlfeldt, poet, dies
  • 1935 Edwin Cannan, economist, dies
  • 1936 Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1942 Alfred Mombert, writer, dies
  • 1943 Paul Colin, Belgian journalist/collaborator, executed

  • 1948 Josef Kjellgren, Swedish writer (Guldkedjan), dies at 40
  • 1950 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Strum), dies at 63
  • 1958 Ethel Turner, Australian author (b. 1872)
  • 1958 George Jean Nathan, American editor, author and critic (American Mercury), dies at 76
  • 1959 Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian, dies
  • 1965 Erik A Blomberg, Swedish art historian/poet/author, dies at 70
  • 1966 George Creten, Belgian sculptor and painter, dies at 79
  • 1969 Haskell Karp, American heart transplant patient, who received 1st fully artificial heart, dies after 65 hours at 48
  • 1970 Marie V Felix, Prince of Luxemburg, dies

Person of interestPablo Picasso

1973 Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter (The Young Ladies of Avignon, Guernica), dies at 91

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • 1974 James Charles McGuigan, Catholic cardinal archbishop of Toronto, dies at 79

Person of interestOmar Bradley

1981 Omar Bradley, American WWII General (Invasion of Normandy) and 1st Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1949-53), dies of cardiac arrhythmia at 88

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1984 Pyotr Kapitsa, Russian physicist (Nobel 1978), dies at 89
  • 1987 Francis C Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea) dies at 90
  • 1989 John Wyer, English sports car racing team manager, dies at 79
  • 1990 Jose De Vega, dies of AIDS at 56
  • 1990 Ryan White, hemophiliac AIDS sufferer, dies at 18
  • 1992 Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1993 Arleen Whelan, dies of stroke at 78
  • 1993 H Earnest, bishop of Breda, dies
  • 1994 Irene Eisinger, German-British singer, dies at 91
  • 1994 Walter Arnold, German theologist (World council of Churches), dies at 64
  • 1996 Basil Hembry, farmer/campaigner, dies at 80
  • 1997 Charles Hayes, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1983-93), dies at 79
  • 2001 Frank Annunzio, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1965-93), dies of Parkinson's disease at 86
  • 2005 Onna White, Canadian choreographer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings, Dear Guys), dies at 82
  • 2007 Carey W. Barber, a member of Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses (b. 1905)
  • 2007 Sol LeWitt, American artist (b. 1928)
  • 2008 Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (b. 1928)
  • 2008 John Button, Australian politician (b. 1933)
  • 2010 Jack Agnew, American World War II veteran (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979-80), dies at 84
  • 2011 Hedda Sterne, Romanian born American artist, dies at 100
  • 2012 Jack Tramiel, Polish-American businessman, dies at 83
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 2017 Brian Matthew, British disc jockey (Saturday Club), dies at 88
  • 2017 Georgy Grechko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 26, T-14), dies at 85