Deaths in History on April 9

  • 585 BC Emperor Jimmu Tennō, According to legend the 1st Emperor of Japan (660 BC - 585 BC) and founder of the imperial dynasty, dies at 126
  • 93 Yuan An, Minister over the Masses of the Han dynasty
  • 491 Zeno, Eastern Roman Emperor (474-75, 476-91), dies at 66
  • 715 Constantine I, Greek/Syrian Pope (708-15), dies
  • 1024 Benedict VIII [Theophylactus van Tusculum], Pope (1012-24), dies
  • 1137 William X, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1099)

Edward IVEdward IV (1442-1483)

King of England (1461-70, 71-83), dies of unknown causes at 40

  • 1484 Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473), son of Richard III King of England
  • 1492 Lorenzo de' Medici (the Magnificent), leading Florentine statesman and patron of the arts during Florentine Renaissance, dies at 43
  • 1553 Francois Rabelais, French author (Gargantua, Pantagruel), dies at 49
  • 1557 Michael Agricola, Finnish theologist/church reformer/bishop, dies

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon (1561-1626)

English statesman, Lord Chancellor (1617-21) and philosopher (Novum Organum), dies from pneumonia at 65

  • 1654 Matei Basarab, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1588)
  • 1693 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer, dies at 74
  • 1747 Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England
  • 1754 Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1761 William Law, British minister and theologian (b. 1686)

Maria Louise van Hessen-KasselMaria Louise van Hessen-Kassel (1688-1765)

Princess of Orange and ancestor of all currently reigning monarchs in Europe, dies at 77

  • 1768 Sarah Fielding, English writer (The Adventures of David Simple), dies at 58

Jacques NeckerJacques Necker (1732-1804)

French finance minister of Louis XVI whose decisions contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution, dies at 71

  • 1806 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, dies at 58
  • 1807 John Opie, English painter (The Murder of Rizzio), dies at 46
  • 1850 William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
  • 1862 George W Johnson, US planter/Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
  • 1865 Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32
  • 1872 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (Mayor of Albany, New York), dies at 77
  • 1876 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), dies at 71
  • 1882 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
  • 1886 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
  • 1889 Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
  • 1898 James Ronald Chalmers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • 1904 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), dies at 73
  • 1909 Charles Conder, artist, dies
  • 1909 F. Marion Crawford, American author (Mr. Isaacs), dies at 54
  • 1914 Eben Sumner Draper, American businessman and politician (44th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 55
  • 1917 Edward Thomas, poet, killed in WW I
  • 1917 James Hope Moulton, British scholar of Classical Greek (b. 1863)
  • 1922 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), dies at 77
  • 1926 Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer famous for his tapered head, dies at about 83
  • 1936 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, dies at 80
  • 1944 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • 1945 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • 1945 Georg Elser, German failed assassin of Hitler, dies at Dachau concentration camp at 42
  • 1945 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th plot", hanged at 57
  • 1945 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • 1945 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • 1948 George Carpenter, 5th General of The Salvation Army, dies at 75
  • 1948 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1951 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Hadji Aga), dies at 48
  • 1951 Vilhelm F K Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, dies at 89

Frank Lloyd WrightFrank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)

American architect (Guggenheim) recognized as "the greatest American architect of all time", dies at 89

  • 1961 Zog I [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1928-39), dies at 65
  • 1962 Juan Belmonte, famed bullfighter, dies at 70
  • 1966 Sutan Sjahrir, premier of Indonesia (1945-47), dies at 57

James F. ByrnesJames F. Byrnes (1879-1972)

American politician and statesman influential in domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s, dies at 89

  • 1978 Clough Williams-Ellis, British architect known chiefly as the creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, dies at 94
  • 1982 Robert H G Havemann, German chemist/dissident, dies
  • 1984 Basil Henry Blackwell, British publisher, dies
  • 1992 Gale McGee, senator (Wyoming, 1959-77), dies at 77
  • 1994 Cor van Dis jr. [Cornelis Nicolas van Dis jr.], Dutch politician (1971-94), dies at 71
  • 1994 Keith Watson, British comic strip artist (Dan Dare), dies at 59
  • 1994 Raouf Khayrat, Egyptian general-major, murdered
  • 1995 Jim Bullock, English colliery manager, unionist and reformist, dies at 92
  • 1996 James Rouse, American builder (founder of The Rouse Company), dies at 81
  • 1996 Maisie Fitter, editor and conservationist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Richard Condon, American author (The Manchurian Candidate), dies at 81
  • 1996 Sandy Becker, NYC Kiddie TV Show host (Sandy Becker Show), dies at 74
  • 1997 Helene Hanff, author (84 Charing Cross Road), dies at 80
  • 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, Niger politician and general, assassinated at 49
  • 2002 Leopold Vietoris, Austrian mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 2005 Andrea Dworkin, American radical feminist (Pornography: Men Possessing Women), dies of heart failure at 58
  • 2007 Egon Bondy, Czech philosopher and writer (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Bob Franks, American politician (Rep-R-NJ 1993-2001), dies of cancer at 58
  • 2013 David Hayes, American sculptor, dies from leukemia at 82
  • 2013 Zao Wou-Ki, Chinese French painter (Juin-Octobre 1985), dies at 93

Prince PhilipPrince Philip (1921-2021)

Duke of Edinburgh and consort of Great Britain's Elizabeth II, dies at 99

  • 2021 Ramsey Clark, American lawyer, US Attorney General (1967-69) and activist, dies at 93