Deaths in History on August 15

  • 423 Flavius Honorius, Western Roman Republic emperor (395-423), dies at 38
  • 778 Roland, Frankish commander, whose death at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass would become basis of 11th Century epic poem "The Song of Roland"
  • 1038 Stefanus I [Arpad], 1st king of Hungary, dies

MacbethMacbeth (c. 1005-1057)

King of Scots (1040-57), slain in battle by the son of King Duncan at around 52

  • 1064 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, dies at 69
  • 1118 Alexius I Comnenus [Alexios I Komnenos], Emperor of Byzantium (1081-1118), dies
  • 1196 Conrad II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1173)
  • 1274 Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne College, dies at 72
  • 1369 Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of Edward III of England, dies at 56
  • 1464 Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini], Italian Pope (1458-64), dies at 58
  • 1528 Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec, French military leader (b. 1485)
  • 1552 Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (b. 1477)
  • 1615 Cornelis C. Vrancx, Flemish poet and writer (Comfort of Soles), dies
  • 1615 Mír 'Imád al-Ḥasaní, Persian calligrapher (Master of the Nasta‘liq style - St. Petersburg Muraqqa), assassinated on Shah's authorization (b. 1554)
  • 1619 Miriam Bella, head of Jewish community of Kraków, dies
  • 1621 John Barclay, Scottish satirist writer and poet (Euphormio's Satyricon), dies at 39
  • 1666 Johann Adam Schall von Bell, German missionary in China and astronomer, dies at 75
  • 1714 Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1654)
  • 1725 Gerhard Noodt, Dutch lawyer, dies at 77
  • 1729 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), dies at 64
  • 1758 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
  • 1786 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, dies at 56
  • 1799 Giuseppe Parini, Italian prose writer and poet (Il Giorno), dies at 70
  • 1807 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1852 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • 1864 Daniel Phineas Woodbury, US engineer/Union general-major, dies
  • 1888 Carter L. Stevenson, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 70
  • 1901 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), dies at 77
  • 1909 Euclides da Cunha, Brazilian writer and sociologist (b. 1866)
  • 1910 Constantin Fahlberg, Russian chemist who discovered Saccharin (artificial sweetener), dies at 59 [1]
  • 1915 Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, Jew convicted of murder, lynched
  • 1917 Thomas J. Higgins, Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, recipient of America's highest military decoration (Medal of Honor), dies at 86
  • 1925 Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter, dies at 46
  • 1935 Paul Signac, French painter (developed the technique called pointillism with Georges Seurat), dies at 71

Wiley PostWiley Post (1898-1935)

American aviator (1st solo flight around the world), killed in plane crash in Alaska at 36

  • 1936 Grazia Deledda, Italian author (Nobel Prize for Literature 1926), dies at 64
  • 1945 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (who opposed surrender in WWII), commits suicide a day after signing Japan's surrender at 58
  • 1953 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist considered the father of aerodynamics (discovered the boundary layer), dies at 78
  • 1956 Constantine Freiherr von Neurath, German foreign minister, dies at 83
  • 1962 Lei Feng, Chinese soldier (became a propaganda icon after his death), dies in an accident at 21
  • 1967 René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter (This is Not a Pipe), dies at 68
  • 1969 Stijn Streuvels [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Vlaschaard), dies at 97
  • 1974 Yuk Young-So, wife of South Korean president Park Chung-Hee, murdered in an assassination attempt on her husband at 48
  • 1975 Clay Shaw, American businessman and alleged John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracist, dies of lung cancer at 61

Sheikh Mujibur RahmanSheikh Mujibur Rahman (1922-1975)

founding father of Bangladesh, 1st and 4th President of Bangladesh (1971-72, 1975-76), assassinated in military coup by group of junior army officers at 55

  • 1976 Jean Haesaert, Flemish lawyer and sociologist, dies at 84
  • 1981 Humphrey Waldock, British lawyer (UN International Law Commission, 1961-72), and jurist (European Court of Human Rights, 1966-74; International Court of Justice, 1973-81), dies of a heart attack at 77
  • 1982 (Axel) Hugo Theorell, Swedish biochemist (Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology, 1955, for discovery of oxidoreductase enzymes), dies at 79 [1]
  • 1983 Benjamin V Cohen, American author of New Deal legislation, dies at 88
  • 1983 Carol Ryrie Brink, American Newberry Medal-winning novelist (Caddie Woodlawn), dies of heart failure at 85
  • 1988 Barry Bingham Sr, US daily newspaper publisher, dies at 82
  • 1988 Mohammed Zia ul-Haq, Pakistani general and politician (President of Pakistan 1978-88), killed in plane crash at 64
  • 1991 Marietta Tree, American diplomat and ambassador (1st woman to serve as chief U.S. delegate to the UN in 1961), dies at 74
  • 1992 Evelyn Wesler Zemel, American author (American Glass Animals), dies
  • 1992 Giorgio Perlasca, Italian anti-fascist (who saved 5,200 Jews from deportation in Hungary), dies at 82
  • 1992 Martha Blackburn, Canada newspaper publisher (London Free Press), dies at 48
  • 1992 Osamu Inaba, Japanese Minister of justice (helped bring down Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka in Lockheed bribery scandal), dies at 82
  • 1993 Robert W. Kempner, German officer of justice in Prussia, dies at 93
  • 1994 Shepherd Mead, American writer (How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying), dies of stroke at 80
  • 1995 Humphrey Sims Moore, British pacifist and journalist (founder of Peace News), dies at 86
  • 1996 Masao Maruyama, Japanese social scientist, dies at 82
  • 1999 Hugh Casson, British architect (director of architecture of the Festival of Britain 1948) and artist, dies at 89
  • 2004 Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician, dies at 63
  • 2004 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, (1982 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for identification of prostaglandins), dies at 88
  • 2006 Doug White, American news anchor, dies of cancer at 61
  • 2006 Te Atairangikaahu, New Zealand Māori Queen for 40 years, dies at 75
  • 2007 Geoffrey Orbell, New Zealand bush walker (rediscovered Takahe, thought extinct), dies at 98
  • 2007 John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (b. 1918)
  • 2012 Harry [Maxwell] Harrison, American author, dies at 87
  • 2015 Julian Bond, American civil rights leader and politician (D-Ga), dies at 75
  • 2017 Vernon "Vern" Ehlers, American politician (Michigan House of Representatives), dies of complications from Alzheimers disease at 83