On This Day

Deaths in History on August 26

  • 1278 Ottokar II, King of Bohemia (1253-78), dies in battle
  • 1346 Jan de Blinde, King of Bohemia/count of Luxemburg, dies in battle
  • 1346 Charles II of Alençon, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1297)
  • 1346 Rudolph, Duke of Lorraine, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1320)
  • 1349 Thomas Bradwardine, English Archbishop of Canterbury, dies of the plague at Rochester, just after taking office
  • 1368 Engelbrecht van der Mark, prince-Bishop of Luik (1345-64), dies
  • 1486 Ernst I, ruler of Saxon (1464-86), dies at 45
  • 1518 Giberto X, Italian mister of Correggio/husband of Veronica Gambara
  • 1551 Margareta Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1516)
  • 1572 Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)
  • 1595 Antonio, Prior of Crato, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1531)
  • 1616 Johan van de Veeken, merchant/co-founder (VOC), dies at 66
  • 1666 Frans Hals, Dutch painter (b. circa 1580)
  • 1714 Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
  • 1723 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch microscopist who was the first to observe bacteria and protozoa and naturalist (Philosophical Transactions), dies at 90
  • 1728 Anne Marie of Orléans, Queen of Italy, dies at 58

  • 1770 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright/poet, dies at 42
  • 1785 George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (b. 1716)
  • 1795 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), dies while serving a life imprisonment for being a freemason in Castel Sant'Angelo at 52
  • 1813 Karl Theodor Korner, German poet (Vetter aus Bremen), dies at 21
  • 1850 Louis-Philippe, King of France (1830-48), dies at 76
  • 1863 John B Floyd, American Governor (Virginia), Secretary of War (1857-60) and Confederate general, dies of failing health at 57
  • 1865 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • 1865 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, US attorney/Union brigadier general, dies at 35
  • 1869 Henri Leys, Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • 1894 PPH van Ham, general-major, dies in battle on Lombok
  • 1894 Te Wherowhero Tāwhia, Second Māori King and leader of the Waikato tribes in New Zealand, dies at 71 or 72
  • 1908 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, dies at 71

Person of interestWilliam James

1910 William James, American psychologist and philosopher (Pragmatism), dies at 68

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1921 Ludwig Thoma, writer, dies
  • 1921 Matthias Erzberger, German min of Finance, murdered at 45
  • 1929 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat and scholar, dies at 86

Person of interestAndrew Mellon

1937 Andrew Mellon, American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), dies at 82

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
  • 1944 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, dies at 35
  • 1945 Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet (Mirror Man, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh), dies at 54
  • 1949 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch writer and publisher, dies at 70

  • 1950 Ransom Eli Olds, American auto (Oldsmobile) & truck (REO) manufacturer, dies at 86
  • 1956 Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist, dies at 75
  • 1957 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, dies at 74
  • 1972 Jacques Gans, Dutch author and journalist, dies at 63
  • 1972 Francis Chichester, English aviator and sailor (Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire), dies at 70

Person of interestCharles Lindbergh

1974 Charles Lindbergh, American aviator who was 1st to fly solo across the Atlantic, dies of lymphoma at 72

  • 1977 H. A. Rey, American author of popular constellation book, dies at 78
  • 1979 Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (Egyptian), dies at 70
  • 1980 Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)
  • 1981 Roger Nash Baldwin, American founder of the American Civil Liberties Union, dies at 97
  • 1985 Pieter "Piet" Jongeling, Dutch politician and author (GPV, Netherlands Daily), dies at 76
  • 1986 Jennifer Levin, American murder victim, strangled by Robert Chambers in New York City's Central Park aged 18
  • 1988 Paul Francis Lloyd, entertainer, dies
  • 1989 Henk Heidweiller, ambassador of Suriname, dies
  • 1989 Irving Stone, American writer (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life), dies
  • 1990 Minoru Honda, Japanese astronomer (b. 1913)
  • 1992 Bob the Moor, Flemish comic strip artist (Kuifje), dies
  • 1992 Arthur Leigh Allen, American suspected murderer (b. 1933)
  • 1995 David James Moore, educationalist, dies at 62
  • 1995 Evelyn Wood, speed reading guru, dies at 86
  • 1995 John Costello, British military historian, dies at 52
  • 1995 Omukama Patrick D Matthew Olimi Kaboyo II, king of Toro, dies at 49
  • 1996 Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, President of Argentina (1971-73), dies at 77
  • 1996 Baron Baker, activist, dies at 71
  • 1996 Catherine Hall, British nurse who raised the professional profile of nursing and to establish its central role in health care, dies at 73
  • 1998 Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1999 Lilo Hardel, German writer, dies at 85
  • 2000 Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist (b. 1939)
  • 2001 Louis Muhlstock, Canadian painter (b. 1904)
  • 2005 Robert Denning, American interior designer, dies at 78
  • 2005 Gerry Fitt, Northern Irish politician (Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party), dies at 79
  • 2006 Rainer Barzel, German politician CDU-CSU) and minister, dies at 82
  • 2007 Gaston Thorn, 20th Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1974–79) and 7th President of the European Commission (1981–85), dies at 78
  • 2007 Edward Brandt Jr., American physician and public health official, dies at 74
  • 2009 Dominick Dunne, American writer and producer (Panic in Needle Park), dies at 83
  • 2011 George Band, British mountaineer (b. 1929)
  • 2011 John McAleese, British SAS Trooper, Team leader during 1980 Iranian Embassy Siege (b. 1949)

Person of interestNeil Simon

2018 Neil Simon, American playwright and author (The Odd Couple), dies at 91

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 2018 Rosa Bouglione, French circus performer, dies at 107