Deaths in History on August 26

  • 1278 Ottokar II, King of Bohemia (1253-78), dies in battle
  • 1346 Charles II of Alençon, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1297)
  • 1346 Jan de Blinde, King of Bohemia/count of Luxemburg, dies in battle
  • 1346 Rudolph, Duke of Lorraine, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1320)
  • 1349 Thomas Bradwardine, English Archbishop of Canterbury, dies of the plague at Rochester, just after taking office
  • 1368 Engelbrecht van der Mark, prince-Bishop of Luik (1345-64), dies
  • 1486 Ernst I, ruler of Saxon (1464-86), dies at 45
  • 1518 Giberto X, Italian mister of Correggio, husband of Veronica Gambara
  • 1551 Margareta Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1516)
  • 1572 Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)
  • 1595 Antonio, Prior of Crato, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1531)
  • 1616 Johan van de Veeken, Dutch merchant, co-founder of VOC Chamber of Rotterdam, dies at 66
  • 1666 Frans Hals, Dutch painter known for his portraiture (Laughing Cavalier) (b. circa 1580)
  • 1714 Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
  • 1723 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch microscopist who was the first to observe bacteria and protozoa and naturalist (Philosophical Transactions), dies at 90
  • 1728 Anne Marie of Orléans, Queen of Italy, dies at 58
  • 1770 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright and poet, dies at 42
  • 1785 George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (British Secretary of State for the Americas during War of Independence), dies at 69
  • 1795 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), dies while serving a life imprisonment for being a freemason in Castel Sant'Angelo at 52
  • 1813 Karl Theodor Korner, German poet (Vetter aus Bremen), dies at 21
  • 1850 Louis-Philippe, Duke of Chartres, the last King of France (1830-48), dies in exile in England at 76
  • 1857 Adolf Schlagintweit, German botanist and explorer (Tarimbekken, executed in Kashgar after being mistaken for a spy at 28
  • 1863 John Bz. Floyd, American Governor (Virginia), Secretary of War (1857-60) and Confederate general, dies of failing health at 57
  • 1865 Johann F. Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • 1865 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, US attorney/Union brigadier general, dies at 35
  • 1869 Henri Leys, Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • 1871 Charles Scribner, American magazine and book publisher, dies of typhoid fever at 50
  • 1894 PPH van Ham, Dutch general-major, dies in battle on Lombok
  • 1894 Te Wherowhero Tāwhia, Second Māori King and leader of the Waikato tribes in New Zealand, dies at 71 or 72
  • 1908 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, dies at 71

William JamesWilliam James (1842-1910)

American psychologist (The Principles of Psychology) and philosopher (Pragmatism), dies at 68

  • 1921 Ludwig Thoma, German writer, dies at 54
  • 1921 Matthias Enzberger, German writer and politician (Minister of Finance, 1919-20), assassinated at 45
  • 1921 Matthias Erzberger, German Minister of Finance, murdered at 45
  • 1929 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat and scholar, dies at 86

Andrew MellonAndrew Mellon (1855-1937)

American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), dies at 82

  • 1944 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, dies at 35
  • 1945 Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet (Mirror Man, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh), dies at 54
  • 1949 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch writer and publisher, dies at 70
  • 1950 Ransom Eli Olds, American auto (Oldsmobile) & truck (REO) manufacturer, dies at 86
  • 1956 Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist, dies at 75
  • 1957 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, dies at 74
  • 1972 Francis Chichester, English aviator and sailor (Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire), dies at 70
  • 1972 Jacques Gans, Dutch author and journalist, dies at 63

Charles LindberghCharles Lindbergh (1902-1974)

American aviator who was 1st to fly solo across the Atlantic, dies of lymphoma at 72

  • 1977 H. A. Rey, American author of popular constellation book, dies at 78
  • 1979 Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (Egyptian), dies at 70
  • 1980 Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)
  • 1981 Roger Nash Baldwin, American founder of the American Civil Liberties Union, dies at 97
  • 1985 Alfredo Carmelo, Filipino aviator, lithographer, and painter, dies at 89
  • 1985 Pieter "Piet" Jongeling, Dutch politician and author (GPV, Netherlands Daily), dies at 76
  • 1986 Jennifer Levin, American murder victim, strangled by Robert Chambers in New York City's Central Park aged 18
  • 1989 Henk Heidweiller, Suriname politician, dies (b. 1929)
  • 1989 Irving Stone, American writer (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life), dies at 86
  • 1990 Minoru Honda, Japanese astronomer (discovered 12 comets), dies at 77
  • 1992 Arthur Leigh Allen, American elementary school teacher and suspected Zodiac serial killer, dies at 58
  • 1992 Bob the Moor, Flemish comic strip artist (Tintin, Kuifje), dies at 66
  • 1995 Evelyn Wood, American speed reading guru, dies at 86
  • 1995 John Costello, British military historian, dies at 52
  • 1995 Omukama Patrick Matthew Olimi Kaboyo II, king of Toro (Uganda), dies at 49
  • 1996 Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, President of Argentina (1971-73), dies at 77
  • 1996 Baron Baker, Jamaican-British anti-racism activist, dies at 71
  • 1996 Catherine Hall, British nurse who raised the professional profile of nursing and to establish its central role in health care, dies at 73
  • 1998 Frederick Reines, American physicist, (1995 Nobel Prize for Physics for co-discovering the Neutrino), dies at 80
  • 1999 Lilo Hardel, German writer, dies at 85
  • 2000 Akbar Adibi, Iranian engineer and professor (electronics and VLSI technology), dies at 61
  • 2000 Lynden Pindling, Bahamas 'Father of the Nation' Prime Minister of Bahamas (1967-92), dies at 70
  • 2001 Louis Muhlstock, Canadian painter, dies at 97
  • 2005 Gerry Fitt, Northern Irish politician (Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party), dies at 79
  • 2005 Robert Denning, American interior designer, dies at 78
  • 2006 Rainer Barzel, German politician CDU-CSU) and minister, dies at 82
  • 2007 Edward Brandt Jr., American physician and public health official, dies at 74
  • 2007 Gaston Thorn, 20th Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1974–79) and 7th President of the European Commission (1981–85), dies at 78
  • 2009 Dominick Dunne, American writer and producer (Panic in Needle Park), dies at 83
  • 2011 George Band, English mountaineer (1st to climb Kangchenjunga, world's 3rd highest mountain), dies at 82
  • 2011 John McAleese, British SAS Trooper, Team leader during 1980 Iranian Embassy Siege (b. 1949)
  • 2018 Rosa Bouglione, French circus performer, dies at 107