On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1793

  • Jan 1 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, dies at 80
  • Jan 4 Bengt Lidner, Swedish poet (Medea/Yttersa domen), dies at 35

ExecutionLouis XVI

Jan 21 Louis XVI, French King (1774-93), beheaded during the French Revolution at 38

  • Feb 1 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman, dies at 76
  • Feb 2 William Aiton, English botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61
  • Mar 2 Carl Gustaf Pilo, Swedish-born artist
  • Mar 4 Isaac Ouwater, Amsterdam painter and cartoonist, dies at 44
  • Mar 20 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (b. 1705)
  • Mar 26 John Mudge, English physician (telescope mirrors) (b. 1721)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary, dies at 30
  • Apr 15 Ignacije Szentmartony, Croatian Jesuit missionary & geographer, dies at 74
  • Apr 21 John Michell, English seismologist (b. 1724)
  • Apr 29 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist, dies at 79
  • Apr 29 John Michell, English scientist and polymath, first to propose existence of black holes (b. 1724)
  • May 7 Johan Zoutman, Dutch rear admiral who fought at the Battle of Dogger Bank and in the American Revolutionary War, dies at 68
  • May 20 Charles Bonnet, Swiss naturalist and writer, dies at 73
  • Jun 4 Jan Ekels de Young, Dutch painter, dies at 34
  • Jun 10 Louis-Auguste-Augustin d'Affry, Swiss general, military governor and ambassador serving French kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, dies at 80
  • Jun 26 Gilbert White, English naturalist (Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn), dies at 72

Murder of InterestJean-Paul Marat

Jul 13 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), is murdered by Charlotte Corday in a bath at 50

  • Jul 14 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist, dies in battle at 44
  • Jul 17 Charlotte Corday, French revolutionary who murdered Jean-Paul Marat in a bath, is guillotined at 24
  • Jul 21 Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, French explorer, dies of scurvy in the Pacific at 55

Roger Sherman

Jul 23 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence), dies of typhoid fever at 72

  • Jul 28 Hayashi Shihei, Japanese military scholar, dies at 54
  • Aug 22 Louis de Noailles, Marshal of France, dies at 80
  • Aug 28 Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/parliament member, dies
  • Oct 7 Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, British politician, dies at 75

John Hancock

Oct 8 John Hancock, American merchant and statesman who was 1st to sign the Declaration of Independence, dies at 56

  • Oct 9 Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary (b. 1718)

ExecutionMarie Antoinette

Oct 16 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France (1774-92) who allegedly uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", beheaded at 37

  • Oct 16 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, dies at 65
  • Oct 31 Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud, French politician and police leader, guillotined at 40

ExecutionOlympe de Gouges

Nov 3 Olympe de Gouges [Marie Gouze], French playwright and revolutionary (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen), executed by guillotine at 45

  • Nov 6 Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, dies at 46
  • Nov 8 Madame Roland [Marie-Jeanne Phlippon], French revolutionary (member of the Girondist faction), executed by guillotine at 39
  • Nov 12 Jean-Sylvain Bailly, French Statesman, astronomer (computed orbit for Halley’s Comet (1759), and author, guillotined during the Reign of Terror at 57
  • Nov 24 Clément Charles François de Laverdy, French statesman (b. 1723)
  • Dec 6 Marie Jeanne Becu, Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV, beheaded at 50
  • Dec 7 Joseph Bara, French revolutionary (b. 1780)
  • Dec 9 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, dies at 44
  • Dec 23 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (b. 1697)
  • Dec 28 Louis earl of Bylandt, Dutch admiral, dies at about 75