On This Day

Deaths in History in 1799

  • Jan 6 Frederik, Dutch prince of Orange-Nassau and general, dies of a fever at 25
  • Jan 9 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
  • Jan 22 Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist/alpinist, dies at 58
  • Jan 26 Gabriel Christie, British general, dies at 76
  • Feb 4 Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (b. 1728)
  • Feb 7 Qianlong, Emperor of China, 6th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, dies at 87
  • Feb 12 Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)
  • Feb 16 Charles Theoby, ruler (Palts & Bayern), dies at 74
  • Feb 19 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor, dies at 65
  • Feb 22 Heshen, infamous Qing Dynasty Chinese official at court (b. 1750)
  • Feb 24 Broerius Brorius, theologist (Pensive Christian), dies at about 41
  • Feb 24 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), dies at 56
  • Mar 28 Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55
  • Apr 17 Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)
  • May 4 Tipu Sultan, Indian military leader killed during Battle of Seringapatam, dies at 48
  • May 18 Pierre de Beaumarchais, French polymath & dramatist (The Marriage of Figaro, Barber of Seville), dies at 67

  • May 26 James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
  • May 31 Pierre Lemonnier, French astronomer (b. 1715)

Person of interestPatrick Henry

Jun 6 Patrick Henry, American Revolutionary and Founding Father famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, dies at 63

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Jun 7 Increase Sumner, American politician (5th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 52
  • Jul 7 William Curtis, English botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
  • Aug 2 Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor, dies at 54
  • Aug 5 Richard Howe, British admiral, dies at 73
  • Aug 7 John Bacon, English sculptor, dies at 58
  • Aug 15 Giuseppe Parini, Italian prose writer and poet (Il Giorno), dies at 70

Person of interestPius VI

Aug 29 Pope Pius VI [Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi], Italian Pope (1775-99), dies at 71

Pope Pius VI
Pius VI
  • Aug 31 Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect (b. 1720)
  • Sep 7 Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-English physiologist (discovering photosynthesis) and personal physician of Maria Theresa, dies at 68
  • Sep 7 Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, dies at 82
  • Oct 5 Antonio Dinis da Cruz e Silva, Portuguese poet (O Hissope), dies at 68
  • Oct 23 William Paca, American judge and signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 58
  • Nov 22 Baroness van Dorth, orangist, executed
  • Dec 6 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, dies at 71

Person of interestGeorge Washington

Dec 14 George Washington, American Founding Father, military leader who commanded Continental Army during War for Independence, first President of the United States (1789-97), dies at 66

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • Dec 18 Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician, dies at 74
  • Dec 31 Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer, dies at 76